The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text


For The Week Ending 8th December 198
tith'Year of Publication O - 10th Issue
Volume 12 Number T4

, _.. ___-----_^----
The General Elections of December 3rd resulted in a land-
slide victory for the New National Party (NNP) headed by Po-
litical Leader Mr Herbert Blaize.
This was the first elections held in Grenada since December
7th 1976 and $2 candidates competed for the 15 seats in the
House of Representatives. Of a list o, f48,152 registered
voters, 41,041 or 85.3% went' to the polls to return .14 NNP
candidates to the House. T he 15th seat went to a candidate-,
of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party (GULP).
NNP, with a middle-of-the-road philosophy, is,tho result of
a merging of three political parties which, after a meeting
at Union Island in the Grenadines on August 26th, decided
to form one party. The three parties were the Grenada
National Party -(GNP) of Mr Herbert Blaize, the National Dem-
ocratic Party (NDP) of Mr George Brizan and the Grenada Dem-
ocratic Movement (GDM) of Dr Francis Alexis.
A fourth party, the Christian Democratic Labour Party (CDLP)
of Mr Winston Whyte, also took part in the Union Island dis-
cussions bat failed to meet certain conditions for joining
In addition to NNP, four other political parties and three
independent candidates contested the elections. The parties
are the Grenada Federated Labour Party (GFLP) of Mr Fenderson
J Felix, nominating I candidate, the Grenada United Labour
Party (GULP) of'Sir Eric Gairy nominating 15 candidates, The
Christian Democratic Labour Party (CDLP) of Mr Winston Whyte
nominating 5 candidates and the Maurice Bishop Patriotic
continued -
'i. /Pt 4c & Printed by Alisttr & Cythia M~Ugh S
P ? -Box 65% __, S__re.- a dle

Page 2 THE GRENA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 8.12.84

Movement (MBPM) of Mr Kendrick Radix nominating 13 candidates. NNP
nominated 15 candidates.
Final figures published by the Supervisor of Elections show that 23997
votes went to NNP, a figure equal to 58.48% of the total of votes east.
Next was GULP with 14798, 36.06% of the total of votes cast. The
other three parties were far behind these figures.

S'BPM received 2024 votes, 4.93% of the total, CDLP attracted 107 votes,
.26% of the total, and 10 votes, .02% of the total went to GFLP. Bet-
ween than, the3 independents received 10$ votes, .25% of the total.
Grenada's election law demands that, upon nomination, each candidate
S-ust deposit EC$300.00. Candidates polling a minimum of 12-%
(1/8) of the votes cast have their deposit refunded to them. Under
that percentage, the deposit is forfeited to the State.
With the exception of one MBPM candidate, all those who contested
under that banner lost their deposits. The lone candidate of the
GFLP lost his deposit as did all the CDLP candidates and all the
independents. One candidate of the GULP lost his deposit,

GULP is the oldest established political party in Grenada. That
grouping contested the 1951 General Elections (the first under
adult suffrage) under the name of Sir Erie's trade union, the Grenada
Mental & Manual Workers Trade Union (GMMWU). When the next General
Elections were held in 1954, GULP appeared as a separate entity from
SGMMWU andhas remained so ever since.

NNP is a new party, its beginning dating from August 26th 1983 when
Three political parties agreed to merge. Two of these parties,
NDP and GDM, were formed after the military intervention of October
1983 but the third, GNP, has been on the polititical scene since the
1950s. .GN first contested General Elections in 1957.
MBPi4 represents a regrouping of elements of the New Jewel Movement
(NJM) which was established in 1973 by Maurice Bishop and Unison
Whiteman, both of whom were executed on 19th October 1983 by the
NJM's Peoples Revolutionary Army. In an "alliance" with other
political parties, NJM contested the General Elections on 1976.
SCDLP is another of the new political parties; it was formed after
the October 1983 military intervention.
GFLP, at least on-paper, has been in existence for the last 27
years. It unsuccessfully contested the General Elections of 1957,
fielding two candidates, both of whom lost their deposits. One of
these candidates was F J Felix who contested the 1984 General Blec-
ttons and the other was A J Felix. GFLP was inactive between 1957
and 1984.

"he 15 winning candidates in the 1984 General Elections, with the
-xception of Mrs Grace Duncan in the St Johns constituency, all re-
.eived over 50% of the votes cast. Mrs Duncan received
43.55" of the votes cast and her main rival, Mr Edzel Thomas of
continued -

__~_~__ ___ ~


S-Gi-LP- W oa oe-C.behind with L2.61% of the voteil:~ast. Tha' namerioa2l.
distance between Mrs. Duncan and Mr'Thomas was only 35 votes,' le-a
than 1% of the total. of votes cast.
AtAthe otHer end of the scale, Mr Herbert Blaize, NNP Political Lead.
er, completely outdistanced his three opponents. He received
80.03% of the votes cast, his nearest opponent, Mr Lyle Bullen of
MBPM, attracting only 7.38` of the votes.
The percentage of registered voters going to the polls was relatively
even over the 15 constituencies. The smallest turn-out was in
St Georges Town where 80.197% of the voters, cast their ballots.
The greatest turn-out was in St Andrews North Westb The figure
hero was 88.888% of -he registered voters. Over the 135 polling
divisions spread thisogh the 15 constituencies, the percentage of
registered voters going to the polls was 85.3.


StGeorges Town

St Oeorges South

St Geoi'ges' S.E.

Candidate (
George McGuire r;
Raymond H Anthony
Earl Bullen. !-. ".'.: -,..
Gbrckh Robinson .

Total registered voters
Percentage voting ,
Phinsley St Louis f
4rieen C Adams ,
Trevor Emmanuel-
Justin F McBurnie"

*Total registered voters
Percentage voting ,

1- NNP
-. DLP

11 NMP


Francis Raphael Alexis IJS NNP
Gregory A Hercules GULP
Bernard Kendrick .Idix MBPM

Votes % of Total
1745 65.19
756 28.24
151 5.64
25 .93
2677 100.00

1905o 58.82
1173 36.21
153 4.72
._8 .25
3239 100.00

1674y 66.01
642 25.31
220 8.68
2536 100.00

Total registered voters
Pe'.centage voting :

St Georges N.E.

St Georges N,W.

George Ignatius Brizan NJP'
Albert Oswald Forsythe GULP
Kennitha (Gittens;) TompsorMBPM
Deiis C Joseph' CDLP

Tptal registered voters 4031
Percentage voting 83.99

eeith Claudi's Mitchell
Jimmy Jamei Lewis
Duibar Byam

Total registered voters
Percentage voting


2438V 72.00
818 24.16
99 2.92
_1i .92
3386 100.OC

1370 57.42
956 40.07
60 2.51
2386 100.00


- contirtued -

84 .057

-'ek* EndingA' i6 8. i




Week Ending 0.12.8h THke GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page :-. -

Constituency Candidate Par Pty Votes % bf Total
St. Johns Grace Margaret Duncan /foi NNP '1611) 43.9$
Edtel V Thomas GULP -1576 42.61
Einstein Louison MBPM 12 13.84
3699 100.00
Total registered voters 4373 -
Percentage voting 84.-87
Carriacou & Petit
MartiAnique, Herbert Augustus Blaize NNP 1663, 84.03
Lyle A Bullen MBPM 146 7.38
Hyacinth F J 51yne. GULP 119 6.01
Winston T Fleary .Ind. 1 2.58
1979 100.00
Total registered voters 2443
.: Percentage voting 81.006
NNP = New National Party
GULP = Grenada United Labour Party
MBPM = Maurice Bishop Patriotic Mdvement
CDLP = Christian Democratic Labour Party
GFLP = Grenada Federated Labour Party
Ind. = Independent

An exercise carried out in May 1984 for the Interim Government by the
Government Statistical office shows there were an estimated 49,300
persons of voting age in Grenada atthat time. Registered voters
enumerated for the General Elections of December 3rd 1984 numbered
This estimate is based on an unpublished population census taken by
the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) in 1981. That census
showed a total population of 89,088
That figure, however, does not include the Peoples Revolutionary Army
(PRA), estimated to be some 1,00 to 2,000 strong. Nor does the
figure include resident Cuban nationals estimated at 500 persons.
Taking the PRA into account (the Cubans had left Grenada at the time
the Statistical Office exercise was done), the estimate probably
should be phbout 1,300 Whloh is some 65% more than the number of
voters enumerated and 4% more than the estimate of voters.
However, the basis on which the estimate was made distorts .the iLgur-
According to the hotes attached to the estimate, the population 15
years and over at census time in -981 was taken to be the population
18 years and over. This would inflate the estimate by the numbers
of the population 15 to 1.7 years old',
S- continued -


Constituency Can4idat4
St Davids Daniel ].C
Denis Jo:
Almando ,

St Andrews S.W.

St Andrews S.E.

St Apdrews N.E.

harles Williamss
hn Radix
Thomas Williams

Total registered voters
Percentage voting

Ben Joseph Jones
Winifred C Strachan
Carlton A Bernard
Cyril Hopkin

Total registered voters
Percentage voting

Pauline Cecelia Andrews
Irvjin I Duncan
George M Lewis
Bert La Touche
Fenderson J Felix

Total registered voters
Percentage voting

*P arty



87 i023




Marcel Joseph Peters .GULP
MoLean Pope (Pope McLean) NPT

.V4U .~ of Total
28g6\ 60,47
17 6 37.1
1723:' 12.30
4723 100.00









lr o0.4 oo

St Andrews N..,

St P tricks East


St Patricks West

SSt Mark I
i + .

Total registered votor-
Pe.roentage voting.,
Alleyne Walker
Herbert Basanta Fletcher
NeVille V Rennie -

Total registered voters
Percentage voting
Tillman Thomas
Winston Earl Frederick
John Cato
Winston Whyte

0Total registered voters
.Percentage voting

Kenny Lalsirgh
Abraham Oliver Raeburn
Samuel E Thomas

Total registered voters
Pei'rentage voting
Felix Geoffrey Alexander
Mitchell Gabriel James
George Louison

Total registered vote r
Per-cen-age voting









- continued




1 438



+ I 0 ++00


51 .13

Week Ending 8.12.84

- --

-------~----~ ------




Further distortion would result from the fact that deaths 1981 to 1983
and net migration for that period have beed taken for the 15 year olds
and over and applied as though these statistics were for the 18 year
olds and over.
The notes state also that deaths and net migration for 1984 have not
been used in the estimate and final figures have been rounded to the
nearest 100.

Extending the estimate upwards by 24 to included the approximation of
the PRA, the actual figures for voters enumerated, the estimate of the
Central Statistical Office and the extended estimate, on a parish
basis, compare as follows :-
Parish Voters Estimate Extended Estimate(+l%)
St Georges 17,038 16,800 17,472
St Johns 4,373 4,800 .4,972
St Marks 2,08 2.,200 2,288
St Patricks 5,045 5,300 5,512
St. Andrews 11,817 12,000 12,48Q
St Davids 5,357 5,700 5,928

Carriacou &
Petit MaxjiAque 2,43



The excess of 6.5% of the extended estimate over the total of the
actual enumeration of voters is probably accounted for by the inclus:-
ion of the 15 to 17 year olds in the estimate.


There will be no Opposition in Parliament when the House of Represen-
tatives and the Senate sit in a joint session which must be called
within. 30 days of the holding of the General Elections on.December
Fourteen. of the 15 seats in the House were won by candidates of
.Pime Minister Herbter Blaizo's New National Party (NNP), the
i-fifteenth. seat going to Mr Marcel Joseph Peters of Sir Erie Gairy's
IGrenada United Labour Party (GULP).

SBut, both Sir Eric and Mr Peters have charged that the General Elec-
tions were "rigged" and Mr Peters said he will not take his seat in
the House.
"The ballots were marked in advance", Sir Eric told reporters in an
interview on Decenber 4th, and when the ballots came in marked by
Sthe various parties with the chemical pencil, the chemical pen, the
!marks dissipated what was put into the ballot box and, later on, the
other marks surfaced and showed .themselves".
continued -
-- --

Week Ending 8.12.8k

Page 6


The GULP Political Leader said science and technology is so high to-
day that he has no reason to doubt that the elections were rigged
against his party and in favour of NNP in this way.

"I don't know how the people are going to take it", sir Eric said.
I understand the New Jewel Movement (Maurice Bishop Patriotic Move-
ment) say the elections have been rigged and they're not leaving it
like that. we're not saying anything yet, we are not a violent
people ..,. until now"."

Under date of December 7th, Governor General Sir Paul Scoon appointed
Mr Peters Leader of the Opposition under Section 66 of the Grenada
Constitution which commands the Governor General to appoint to that
post "....the member of the House of Representatives who appears to
him to command the support of the largest number of members of.the
House in opposition to Government."

It is reported that Mr Peters will take the oath of office as Leader
of the Opposition, will then resign from that post and will not take
Shis seat and the necessary oaths when Parliament is convened.

Grenada's new prime Minister is a product of the cro~ of sons-of-
the soil this 120 square mile east Caribbean island turned out in 1936.

Sir, Sydney Gun-Munro, the present Governor of St. Vincent gradua.t-d that
year. from the island's then only secondary school for boys and in that class
also were the Anglican Archbishop of the West Indies, Sir Cuthbert Woodroffe
and Herbert Augustus Blaize who led his New National Party (NNP) to a land-
Sslide victory at the polls on December 3rd.

Mr. Blaize takes over the Government at the most critical period in the is-
land's history since it emerged from colonial status 17 years ago. The new
Government faces enormous difficulties;as it contends with a depleted treas-
ury, national debts, a sagging economy and the aftermath of a United states
military intervention.

To face these challenges and satisfy the expectation of the citizens of the
island, the prime Minister will need to draw on every grain of wisdom he has
gleaned since he first offered himself for public service 30 years ago.

Born in 1918 on Grenada's sister island of Carriacou (20 miles off-shore, 13
square miles in area and with a population of under 6,000), Mr. Blaize has
won that parliamentary seat in 6 of the 7 General Elections held since he
first entered the hustings. He lost to the incumbent in his first try in

i -

Veek -Ending 8,12.&

Page 8 TiI. GRENADA NSLETTER Week Ending 8.12.84

It was in only one parliament, however, that he headed the Government, he
lacks the flamboyance of his principal political opponent, Sir Eric Gairy.
Sir qyic presents strong emotional appeal to an electorate which, before
1951, did nwt have adult franchise and is still developing political mat-

The party Mr. Blaize led until recently, the Grenada National party (GNP)
(nc~i merged with two other moderate parties) failed, on most occasions to
capture a majority in parliament but, significantly, it is in times of nat-
ional crisis that Grenadians have turned to Mr. Blaize. The results of
the elections just held, and the results of the 1962 elections, illustrate

In 1962, the British Government, still at that time the "Mother Country",
suspended Grenada's Constitution. A Commission of Inquiry uncovered bla-
tant irregularities in the financial operations of the ruling Gairy admin-
istration and the people of the island were appalled at confirmation of what
they had suspected had been going on behind the scenes.

It was an occasion of trauma, For 4 months the Government was run by de-
cree from London and, when General Elections were held, Mr. Blaize's GNP
captured 60 percent of the seats and, as has now happened again with great-
er emphasis, he was given a mandate to put the island back on its feet.

The GNP administration which followed was involved in the controversial
"Unitary State" proposal and, for his part in this, Mr. Blaize has been
Jauded as an "unselfish statesman" and laughed at as a "political suicide
who does not recognize where his own best interests lie"n

Following the dissolution of the West Indies Federation in 1962, Dr. Eric
Williams, the prime Minister of Trinidad & Tobago, extended an invitation
to any unit of the failed Federation to enter into a Unitary State with
hio country. Grenada was the only country to accept this invitation and,
in an interview Mr. Blaize told THE GRENADA NE"'SILTTER that those who cri-
ticized his acceptance of the invitation demonstrate "sovereignty turned
upside down".

"Lots of people worry about the s vereignty of their own little island and
so prevent the natural consequence of "togetherness" which is absolutely
necessary in the Caribbean", he said.

In 1962, he continued, when the proposal was discussed by his Government,
the consideration was not who should be the Leader or whether a GrensdiLn
would ever be Prime Minister of the Unitary State.

"We were concerned about finding the best conditions for Grenada to be a
viable entity in the Caribbean", Mr. Blaize said. "and when we accepted Tri-
lidadts offer to negotiate cn the basis of Unitary Statehood, we did it in
good faith for the fact that we thought we could find something satisfactory
for Grenr;.a.,, -continued-


The prime Minister said 'the proposal fell through because his Government
diti'aot find the proposed conditions satisf-actory, btt itehould not be >
-thought that, because of this experience, his Government will stand aloof
from other Caribbean 'countries to -maintain a "state of .,ignity".

twe twill have to persue a course of interregional relationship" he said.
I'These islands are too small for the posturing that goes on,".

In seeking to develop interregional relationships, it seems Mr. Blaize can
count on willing cooperation from,several Caribbean Governments which, he
said, had assisted his Party's campaign .in the Elections.

"The Caribbean Governments which came to our rescue alongside the AmericanE',
'he said, "have all helped in some way. Not but by helping :us with
personnel who-could give advice and assistance in formulating the:campaign
programme. They all had an interest and they all helped in some way"t.

He.made it clear, however, that his party had accepted from these
Governrmnts or front individuals, Grenadians or otherwise, had been:accepted
"without strings". Also, with reference to the.United States$ while he
does not expectipressure from Washington,'he is'clear'on what his reaction
to such pressure will be.

"Any time deal ai-th the-United states orothers",. he said, "I deal from
the point of view'of Grenada's interests.amd, anytime. anything seems to me
to be in conflict with the interests of the people of Grenada, I will react
very adversely".'

Prime Minister Blaize, a devout practicing Christian ,said he would not
'have accepted appointment to head the Grenada Government unless he was as-
sured of divine guidance.

"For the list 2 years, he said, "I have'been dreaming of the day when I
Would be given the opportunity to lead the people of Grenada in dedicated
service to Almighty God".

To this end, he said, he has invited his schoolmate, Archbishop Woodroffe,
to be in Grenada on December 14th to be present at an Ecumenical Service
obf De'dication. Archbishop Woodroffe has agreed, Mr. Blaize said, and that
day is to be declared a public holiday.

This service, he said, is in fulfilment of a promise he made that, given
the opportunity to lead the Government, one of his first public acts would
be to lead the nation in dedication to God's service,

"When that has been done", he said, "I will feel that I can go forward to
do the Work in other fields that are nece.ssary".

i_ .__. '

We4k Arding 8.12,.84

paed 9

Page 10 TilL Gai.ADA NEWSLLTTER Weekl Ending 8.12,84


Frime Minister Herbert Blaize on December 7th refused comment oa a Caribbean
I News Agency (CANAY news story which quoted details given by an tauthorita-
tive source" of Mr. Blaizels cabinet yet to be announced.

The story said Mr. Blaize, a solicitor, has retained the Finance portfolio
while Mr. George Brizan, educator and economist will be responsible for Agri-
Sculture, Forestry, Lands, Fisheries and Tourism.

Barrister Mri Ben Jones, the story said, has been allocated the portfolio of
Legal and External Affairs with another barrister, Mr. Tillman Thomas as his

yet another barrister, Mr. Danny Williams, will have the Ministry of Health,
Housing, Community Development and Women's Affairs with Mrs. Pauline Andrews,
a registered nurse and businesswoman as his deputy.

Former University of the West Indies lecturer, Dr. Francis Alexis, will be-
come Minister of Labour, Cooperatives, Social security and Local Government
while Dr. Keith Mitchell, a mathematics professor will be responsible for
Works, Communications, public Utilities, Civil Aviation and Energy.

SThe 7th Ministry named in the CANA story is that of Education, Culture, Youth
SAffairs and Sports to hbe held by Mr. 3Goarge Mrcui re, i former principal of
the GQvernmant-owned and, run Grenada Boys' Secondary School,

In refusing comment on the CANA story, Mr. Blaize said his Cabinet has not
yet been "put in place" and that an announcement will be made "in due course".

However, in a broadcast over Radio Grenada on December 7th, he said his Cab-
inet will consist of 7 Ministers.

"We have to put our house in order", he said. 'We have to make it clear
Sto the outside world that we are preparedto help ourselves and show we are
deserving of help. To that end, I propose that we'will reduce the number
of Ministries, we will cut down on the cost of Government. There will be
only 7 Ministers for the State of Grenada..."

The.Prime Minister said also that thb public Service must be "streamlined",
and this has been told to the senior officers who "understand", He said
also there will be a drive to cut out waste of every kind.

SMr. Blaize announced a "massive input" on the road from December 10th.
I Drains and overhanging bushes must be cleaned up, he said, so that all will
I be ready for a road reconstruction programme to start in January.

"We want to make suret, he said, "that every Grcnadian who is prepared to
nut his hand to a cutlass or other implement to help to clean up will get
n opportunity to work for 2 weeks before Christmas so that, by Friday to-
re Christmas, you will have something to be able to buy your Christmas ba-
con or ham",

Week Ending 8.12.84 iHE G1REID., NEWSLETTER pnge 11


prime Minister Herbert Blaize, Political Leader of the New National Party
(NNP) which won a landslide victory at the polls on December 3rd, warned
Grenadians on December 7th that Grenada's economic situation provides cause
for concern.

The warning came in a national broadcast ,over Radio Grenada, his first of-
ficial broadcast since he took the oath of office on December 4th.

"Grim is the economic situation of Grena i", he said* "Grim in that we
have to sncnd a lot of money to pay for loans that were made over the last
5 years. So grim, that over $30.00 out of every $100.00 that we earn has
to go to pay the servicing of loans"t

Mr4 Blaize said he has been advised that, next year, many of those loans
will mature and "the grim task of repayment will become heavier and more

Grenadians do not face ah easy task, he said, but they know they have a Gre-
nada to serve and return to the dignified position it once held, and he
thanked God the island is not. without friends.

The Prime Minister said he had had discussions with several governmental re-
presentatives and there have been offers;of assistance from the Governments
of the United Kingdom, Canada, France and Venezuela, Also, he said, the
Government of China sent a representative to discuss establishment of diplo-
matic relations and economic assistance.

"And, of course", he continued, "our good friends who came to rescue us, the
United States of America, are continuing in their programme for helping us
in our economic development andwill'increase that range of help as time
goes by".


Grenada's Parliament will open on 28th December for the first time since the
March 1979 revolution of the New Jewel Movement which overthrew parliament-
ary democracy in the island.

This was announced on December 7th by prime Minister Herbert Blaize in a
broadcast over Radio Grenada and he said there are special plans to ensure
that the maximum number of Grenadinns will be able to see and hear the pro-

I",e are arraning with a team of experts to have video, television, radio
set-up tlirouighout Grenada', he said, "so that, wherever you are in Grenada
or Carriacou, you will be abl:- to see and hear what is going on in parlia-
:ment when it reopens", -continued-

I ____________________________

. , Q -. 0 .


Mr. Blaize announced also that an ecumenical "service of Iedication" will
take place on December 14th.

"We, the people of Grenada have come so far", -ht said. "In spite of the
fact that we have shown courage, we have to know where the source of our
courage is".

T he prime Minis:.r said it was God's helping hand which lifted Grenadians
from the "hole" of October 19th 1983 up to the height of their decision in
the elections of December 3rd 1984.

"To recognize this graceful help", he said, "we of the Grenada Government
now elected by you are going to declare Friday 14th December to be a day of
dedication to the service of Almighty God and our thankfulness to Him".

Mr. Blaize said the Government wanted all Grcnadians to attend that service
and 14th Tecember will be a -holiday for the- purpose of enabling everyone to,
attend the service at Queen's Park, the playing fields on the outskirts of
St. George's.

"This is an open invitation to- all the political parties, whether they got
seats in Parliament or not", ,he said, "to join in the service, and the Con-
ference of Churchc2s, Grenada, is making sure that all denominational leaders
of every denomination in Grenada will take part in this most wonderful assem-

The prime Minister said he has invited Grenada-born Anglican Archbishop of
the West Indies, Sir Cuthbert Woodroffe, to be present at that service and
give the dedication prayer.


A prominent Grenadlan barrister, Mr. Derek Knight, charged in an interview
Son December 1st that, with reference to the law governing General Elections
in Grenada, an amendment made by the Interim Government to that law makes it
impossible to comply with a section of that law.

Mr. Knight, who was a Senator and Minister without portfolio in the Govern-
ment of Sir Eric Gairy, referred to an amendment passed in November delet-
Sing the word "electoral" from Section 45 of the House of Representatives
(elections) Ordinance and substituting the word "consecutive".

These adjectives ("electoral" or "consecutive") refer to the number which
must be put on the counterfoil of the ballot paper issued to a voter.

Mr. Knight pointed out that the principal Ordinance does not have the words
'electoral number" printed in it, It does have the words "consecutive
number', and it seems out of order for the amendment to call for the deletion

- -----------.--I---

Week Ending-8.12.84 Ti:L GR iENADA NLWSLLETTER Page 13-

of "electoral", a word that is'not there, and the substitution of "consecu-
tive", a word that is already there.

"What it means is that they cannot on Monday (Election day, December 3rd)
comply with this because the word to be deleted is not there", he said,
"and, therefore, according to this, the word which is there is 'consecut-
ive' (and) according to this, the word which should be there is sconsecut-
ive' 'I.

Asked to comment on this, Grenada's Attorney General, Barbadian born Mr.
Carlyle payne, said'it: should be noted that the amendment referred-to by
Mr. Knight is numbered 3 of 1984 and this indicates that other amendments
were made to the principal Ordinance this year.

"In order to'get the full picture", he said, "we would have to'trace our
footsteps and look at those earlier amendments to see exactly what this
one is doing".

Mr. Payne said one of the previous amendments had substituted the word
"electoral" for "consecutive" and the amendment challenged by Mr. Knight
is in order in that it changed "electoral" back to what was in the law ori-
ginally, "consecutive".

Mr. Knight said also that, while he presumed that the presiding Officer at
the polling station will explain the procedure to voters, his concern is
that the:voting procedure has been made so complicated that he doubts
whether the "ordinary everyday man" will be able .to understand fully what
he is doing when he goes to cast his vote.

*'I am concerned over the fact that there is now no requirement that all the
voting procedure be done in full view of persons present", he said.

This reference to matters being done "in full view" is to another amendment
of the principal Ordinance which sets out the procedure for putting the
ballot paper into the ballot box after the voter has marked it. The amend-
ment does not call for this -to be done "in full view" as the principal
Ordinance does.

Attorney General Payne, commenting on this, said that, due to a typographi-
cal error, the words demanding "full view" had been left out of the amend.
ment referred to by Mr. Knight. However, a-further amendment had reinsert-
ed them.

Concerning Mr. Knj~ht's view that the "ordinary everyday man" will not u.
derstand what he/doing in the voting process, Mr. Payne said all the voter
needs to know i, what to do when he is given his ballot paper, and the pre-
siding Officer in the polling station will tell him this.

In his interview, Mr. KI-ight said it is strange that "in an election as
critical as this one", the prepPralion for it has not been conducted with
more care and concern. -continued-

page 14 TH1L GR!kNADA NEIJSLTrTLti Week Ending 8.12.54

"Ostensibly", he said, "the new rules and regulations were to reduce the
chance of fraud in the elections, but it seems to me that what they have
succeeded in doin- is to open the door for just that situation to take lacee.

Mr. Knight said there are a number of persons who have got identification
cards for voting and whose Grenadian origin may be doubtful, but he, and
others like him, have not got theirs.

Attorney General Payne said Mr. Knight had spoken to him about the fact that
he (Knight) and his father had not received identification cards, and Mr.
payne said he understood from Mr. Knight that both he and his father had re-
fused to be photographed.

"This is the reason why they have not got their identification cards", Mr.
payne said, "because the photograph for the identification card is part of
the registration process".

The Attorney General said this will not prevent Mr. Knight and his father
from voting, as, he felt sure, they would have no difficulty in identifying


The Council of Churches, Grenada (COG) ore jnlit d & "vigil" of silent prayer
for a satisfactory outcome of the General Elections scheduled for December

This was announced on November 25th in all main line Christian ohurcheB in
the state, and a pamphlet was handed out with the information that the
vigil would start on November 26th in the Presbyterian Church and for the
next 3 successive days would continue in the Anglican Church, Methodist
Church and the Salvation Army.

SIn these Churches and the Salvation .rmy, the vigil was daily from 6.00 a.m.
to 6.00 p.m. and there was a 24-hour vigil in the Roman Catholic Cathedral
Son November 30th commencing at 6.00 a.m. continuing until 6.00 a.m. on Dec-
e mber 1st.

"As the country enters a new phase of history", the-pamphlet said, "we take
i time to reflect upon our past and future directions".

In particular, the pamphlet said also, Grenadians mutt pray that, to all
the gifts God has given the country, he will add the gift of permanent so-
cial harmony, peace, and peace with justice and wellbeing for all.

SThe vigil was in silence E. cept that, at each half hour interval, there was
Sa bible reading.

| ^% .



A youthful rally of some 3000 Grenadians rounded off a New National Party
(NNP) round-the-island motorcade on November 25th in St. George's Market

Starting mid morning under cloudy skies in the south region of St.George's
parish, the motorcade travelled through 14 of Grenada's 15 constituencies
which were contested in the General Elections held on December 3rd. The
15th constituency is the sister islands of Carriacou and petit Martinique
where the NNP candidate was NNP political leader Mr. Herbert Blaize.

Crowds assembled at several places along the motorcade route to greet NNP
and Mr. Blaize expressed pleasure at the large percentage of young people
who made up these crowds and the rally in St. George's.

"This is a wonderful indication", he said, "that NNP is the party for all
Grenadians, irrespective of age".

The rally marked a return to Gr politics of the characteristic "ex-
citement" which, so far, had been absent from the election campaign. The
5 NNP cindidttes contesting the seats in St. George's parish and the town
made speeches while the others merely "brought greetings", but the crowd was
responsive and the occasion was one of enthusiasm spiked with humour.

NNP candidate Mrs. Pauline Andrews pointed out that the constituency in
which she is contesting is the only one in which there were 5 candidates.

"And I can tell you what is happening there", she said. "I am the only
woman candidate in that constituency and the 4 men are running after me".

Mr. Blaize, too, had a quip which referred to the symbol of the "star" under
which NMP's major opponent, Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party was

The NllP political leader said some people had been concerned t-at the motor-
cade had been staged under threatening, overcast skies with some rain, but
he said he was not worried and he asked the crowd to look up at the sky.

"You won't see even one star", he said.


Mr. Christopher Williams, member of Grenada's Interim Government, disclosed
on November 26th that Government had given approval for BWIA airlines to op-
erate routes into the island out of Miami, New York and London.

Mr. Williams presentingig Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of the Interim

*Government, who was out of the state), was addressing the Annual General


Week Ending 8.12.84

Page 15

page 16 Tit;, G;IL.DA NEfSLETTT;i Week Ending 8.12o84

Meeting of the Grenada Hotel Association (GHA) and he said also that Carib-
bean Airways had been given permission to operate a route out of London into

Mr. Williams said the Interim Government, in its Budget for 1984, had allocat-
ed more than 2 million East Caribbean dollars to the Ministry of Tourism, and
This is a record sum which will help to promote the industry.

He expressed appreciation of the United States Agency for International Dev-
elopment (USAID) which has allocated funds for development of tourist attrac-
tions, and he said work in this connection was to commence shortly.

tMr. Williams said the hoteliers are aware of the main job the Interim Govern-
ment was faced with and he thought the Government had "passed the test".

"Our main job was to "it the country back to normalcy and to have General
Elections", he said. "You'will agree that the chaotic situation we inherit-
led no longer exists. We are having our elections next Monday and by the
grace of God, we are having free and fair elections".


Mr. Andre Cherman, president of the i3;en-d1 Hotel Association (GHA), hinted
on December 26th that the United States Agency for International Development
(USAID) may have discriminated against '~HA.

The hint came as Mr. Chcrman made his re ort to the Association's Annual Gen-
eral Meeting. In 1983, he said, GHA applied to USAID for funds to get the
Association "off the ground financially", and it had taken USAID 9 months
to turn down the request.

"We are, of course, disappointed in USAID's response", he said, "and we would
;like to know why the Jamaica Hotel Association was given funding in the form
Sof US$250,000 and our application for U'5353,000 was rejected".

The outgoing president said GHA had, during the last year, produced and giv-
en wide publicity to a document of policy g .id.lines for Tourism, and he set
out some of the principles outlined in that document.

|First mentioned is a rejection of "mass market" tourism and an emphasis on
"up market" promotion. Infrastructure development must parallel hotel de-
velopment and significant control of the industry must remain in Grenadian

GHA wishes the industry to have gradual sustained growth* Quick uncontrol-
iled expansion, the guidelines document says, will have serious social impli-


---- i

Week Ending 8.12.84 1 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7..

Mrs Cherman disclosed that GRA has accepted a proposal that the Association
make use of a reservations service offered by International Travel and Re-
sorts Inc. Under this service, reservitichs for all Grenada hotels will
be made in the United States on a non-biased basis, and a central toll free
phone number will be available for this*

"Ourhotels will have the benefit of being displayed on American Xirlines
'Sable' Reservations System which has over 8,200 U.S. Travel agencyy subscrib-
ers",i he said. "This will allow these thousands of Travel Agencies instant
access to Grenada's hotel room inventories without even picking up a tele-

president Cherman disclosed also that GHA, the Grenada Chamber of Industry
and Commerce and the Grenada Employers Federation have agreed that, with ef-
fect from January 1st, these three bodies will have their offices under one
roof and will operate as a "private sector organization".

"Each organisation will retain its separate identity,,, he said, "but will
speak with one voice on issues of national concern".

The Annual General Meeting elected Mr* Cherman for his second term as GHA

Present at the meeting were Mr. Christopher "illiams, Member of the Interim
Government (representing Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of the Interim
Government, who was off island), Mr. John Bell, Executive vice-president
of the Caribbean Hotel Associations (CHA) and Mr. Alfred Taylor, vice-pres-
ident of CHA and immediate past-President of the Barbados Hotel Association.


"Almost without doubt, the most successful thing the Caribbean Hotel Asso-
ciation (CHA) has undertaken in its entire lifetime has been the Caribbean
Hotel Training Institute".

This opinion was expressed on November 26th by'Mr. John Bell, Executive
vice-president of CHA as he addressed the Annual General Meeting of the
Grenada Hotel' Association- (GHA).

"We recognized, as a professional body, that the need for professionalism,
the need for improvement of the product that is offered by us against in-
ternational"competition, was absolutely essential", he said.

Mr. Bell said if the Caribbean expects people from New York, London, Los
Angeles, Frankfurt and elsewhere to come on vacation to this region, then
the product offered, no matter what the difficulties are, must be accept-
able in the international sense
| -continued-



The visitor to the Caribbean, he said, can as easily spend his money in
Hawaii, the Seychelles, Sri Lanka or in any of 100 Mediterranian resorts.

"They are not concerned with our troubles", Mr. Bell said, "They are con-
cerned only with the value for money that they receive when they get here".

The creation of a Caribbean Hotel Traininp Institute, a body geared to come
down directly into the industry to train people who are already employed, to
retrain them, he said, must be successful in raising the professional stand-

It has taken some time to get that message across, Mr. Bell said, but it has
now started to take root and, after 4 years of the existence of the Insti-
tute, the organization's programme is becoming booked up ahead of time.

"The activities they are putting out in terms of correspondence courses and
in direct programmes to the industry are expanding year after year", he said,
"(and) the funding agencies we used to beg to help us are now knocking on
our door to get a piece of the action that we are putting forward".

Mr. Bell told the hoteliers it is up to them to decide what they want in the
way of training and let the Institute know.


Mr. Alfred Taylor, vice-president of the Caribbean Hotel Association (CHA),
.on November 26th advised Caribbean Governments not to over tax the Tourist

Mr. Taylor, addressing the Annual General Meeting of the Grenada Hotel Asso-
ciation (GHA), said that, in many Caribbean islands, most hotels are totter-
ing on bankruptcy because of economic recession and over taxation.

"It must be borne in mind", he said, "that the goose that once laid the gold-
en egg is now laying rotten egs as taxation has just about killed it".

Mr. Taylor told the hoteliers the Grenada Government will be under tremen-
dous pressure from international hotel operators for permission to build,
but he cautioned that development must be carefully controlled. There should
be no "high rise" buildings he said, and hotels should be built with Carib-
bean architecture and furnishings.

S"This is what the Caribbean is all about", Mr. Taylor said. "Not a con-
crete jungle as has been developed in many of your neighboring islands".

SEmphasis must be on developing "up market" as opposed to "mass market" tour-
ism, the CHA executive said, and he warned that Grenada should not follow
some Caribbean Governments which have allowed a great deal of low income,

Week Ending 8.12.84


__ --- -- --- --- -- --

page '18

THE :, E -;!'.'.DA r 'FS."SLETTER

Grenada is one of the most beautiful islands in the Caribbean, Mr. Taylor
said, and it must remain that way, the natural landscape must be preserved
and all future development must fit into a tropical surrounding.


Alister [lugh s

Cynthia Hughes

8th December 1984

Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St. Georges,Grenada, Westindies

Week Ending 3.12.84

-- ~" ~-~-- ---~ --

e ~_~~ ____ __

Page 19

low standard accommodation to be built, attracting mass tourism which has
done nothing but destroy the environment.

"This type of tourist does not have the money that is required for it to
circulate right through the population", he said, "and does nothing for the

Full Text