The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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For The .7eek Endin 24th November 1984
11th Year of publication - - -Osth Issue
Volume 12 Number 13
-----, ,-,^s rf*P .% ^ C

The 19 accused in the Maurice Bishop murder trial refused on
October 16th to accept the validity of the Grenada Supreme Court
when they were arrai,::nred before Chief Justice Archibald ledd on
11 separate counts of murder.

The 19 include Bernard Coard, Deputy Prime Minister in the Peo-
ples Revolutionary Government (PRG), his Jamaican wife phyllis,
Hudson -Austin, General of the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA),
several of his officers and Selwyn Strachan, Fininter of Mobil-
ization and Labour in the PRG.

They are accused of causing the deaths of 11 people, 10 at Fort
George .(then Fort Rupert) on October 19th last year and the oth-
er, Jemma Belmar, wounded at Fort George on the 19th, died at
the General Hospital on November f1 *,f

Foremost among the 10 are the late Prime Minister of Grenada
Maurice Bishop and members of his Cabinet, Education Minister
Jacqueline Creft, Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman and No-ris
Bain, Minister of Housing. Others are Trade Unionist Fitzroy
Bain and New Jewel Movement supporters Evelyn "Brat" Bullen,
Keith Hayling and Cecil :Iaitland.

The names of the other two persons alleged to have been murder-
ed are Trade Unionist Vincent Noel and Avis Ferguson.

At the Preliminary Inquiry in the Magistrate's Court, the ac-
cused were arraigned on one count only, charging them with the
death of 8 persons. On October 16th, new names were added,


rcw t.C C & Printed by #4istv r cCyntlh. Hugves
P g 6', Ste?-l, Oi--a., Ct-,Lvx 6 J'






Page 2 THE GRED'.D; .E 'TTR Week Ending ?- 4/ 1/84
Week Fndng-----

Vincent Noel, Jemma Belmar and Avis Ferguson, and the charges have been
broken down irto 11 separate counts&

The first coun, to be read to the accused was the one naming Bishop as the
murder victim and the first of the prisoners to be asked to plead "guilty"
or "not guilty" was Andy Mitchell, who was a member of the PRA.

"I do not recognize the legality of this court",Mr. Mitchell said as Regis-
trar of the Supreme Court Denis Lambert asked for Mitchell's plea.

"You are not pleading?" Mr. Nudd asked.

Mr. Mitchell remained silent and, as Mr. Lambert asked each of tbh accused
for their plea on the first count, they each gave simil r replies.

Some said, too, zhat they are "not prepared to be tried under foreign oc-
cupation", and others that "the legality of this Court hao been challenged
by a motion in this Court".

Registrar Lambert then read each of the other 10 counts, asking each accus-
ed in turn for his plea but, throughout it all, they all remained silent.

Mr. Delano Harrison, one of the 7-barrister Defence Team who appeared at the
preliminary Inquiry for the accused told Mr. Nedd he was in Court to ex-
plain that the accused have.not yet found the money to retain the Team to
app-ir at the trial.

"None of the 7 barristers has been retained", Mr. Harrison said, "but I have
been advised and see it as my duty to advise the Court that the relatives
and manifest wellwishers of the accused have been striving to marshall the
necessary resources and hope to 4do so in a few months.

Mi. Karl Hldson Phillips, Trinidad barrister leading the Prosecution, said,
if the accused are unable to retain Counsel, under the law, the Court will
have to ass-t.- auj pay for Counsel to defend them. Mr. Nedd agreed with
thiis and said he hoped to assign the 7 barristers who had appeared for the
accused at the preliminary Inqul y.

"They are Counsel of their choice", he said, "so I would be meeting their
wishes, I hope".

It was at this stage that Mrs. Phyllis Coard appeared to faint and was car-
ried out of the Court by 4 policeirwen (see separate story).

Mr. Nedd said there was a .motion filed by the acersed challenging the val-
idity of the Grenada Supreme Court and he would deal wi;h this motion be-
fore evidence is taken in the trial. That mot-.on was "o be heard by Mr.
Nedd oi October -.4th and t: trial was then postponed until November 1st.


.jcek Ending 24/11/84 THE GRENADA NEWSLETT:R Page 3

Those charged for these offences are Andy Mitchell* Vincent Joseph, Calis-
tus Bernard, Cosmos Richardson, Lester Redhead, Christopher Stroude, Fabien
Gabriel, Hudson Austin, Bern rd Coard, Liam James, Leon Cornwall, John Ven-
tour, Dave Bartholomew, Ewart Layne, Colville McBarhette, Selwyn Strachan,
phyllis Coard, Cecil Prime and Raeburn Nelson.

Associated with Mr. Hudson Phillips for the prosecution are Jamaican Velma
Hylton, Acting Director of public Prosecutions, Guyanese Odel Adams, Attor-
ney General of Montserrat, Guyanese Mr* Doodnath Singh and Trinidadian Mr.
Ulric Doogan.

On November 1st, this murder trial was adjourned again. '!hen the case was
called before Chief Justice Archibald Neddi there were no Defence lawyers
present to appear for the 19 accused and Mr. Nedd fixed a new date for hear-
ing, November 20th4

On November 14th Me. Nedd gave his judgement relative tothe motion challen-
ging the validity of the Court. He dismissed the motion and declared the
Grenada Supreme Court to be valid.

When the murder case was called before 'Mr Nedd on November 20th, the prob-
lem of finding Defence lawyers for the 19 accused had not yet been solved.
The Chief Justice adjourned the case saying he would probably call special
assizes in February to hear it.


The validity and legality of the Grenada Supreme Court established by the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (Pr-G) after the revolution of March 1979,
was challenged by the accused in the Maurice Bishop murder case.

This challenge was heard by the Grenada Supreme Court itself and hearings
of a "mo-t'on" getting out the challenge began in the Court on October 24th
before Chief Justice Archibald Ne:d.

Arguing the motion for 19 persons charged with the murder of the late Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop and others is Guyanese barrister Clarence Hughes
and he set out under four heads the form under which he would present his 9

The first was consideration of tle judicial system before Grenada had her
Independence Constitution in 1974 and the second is the judicial system un-
der the Independence Constitution. The third head is the judicial system
under the PRG and, finally, there is the judicial system "afte" restoration
of the Executive under the Constitution",

Under head 1, before the Independence Constitution, Mr. Hughes pointed out
that when, in 1967, Grenada became an Associate State (with a new

-. 4 _. L: i'AD_. I..' T.ETT R I. F' -.n 2T '1 : 4
--------- -- - --- -- ---

constitution then), provision was made for the island to share the .Vst In-
dies Associated States Supreme Court with 5 other .':indward and Leeward Is-

Authority for this Court i3 found in the G3rnada Associated States Consti-
tution and in the "Courts Order" mentioned in that Constitution, he said
a.d those documents set out a method of appoaitmenc of the Chief Justice
and other Justices which ensured their security of tenure and independence.

7hen Grenada became independent in 1974 (Hughes'.second head), the situation
remained unchanged. Provisio; was made undcr the New Constitution and
courts Order for 'he continuance of the Supreme Court shared by th 6 East
Caribbean Sttes with the security of tenure and independence of the Just-
ices assured.

Mr. Hughes pointed out tnat the provisions in the Constitution establishing
the West Indies Associated States Supreme Court were "entrc-.ched" and could
not be changed except through an elaborate procedure including the holding
of a referendum.

Moving to his third "head", Mr. Hughes said the PRG was not established, did
not function, and had no source of power under the Constitution.

"I ma'e no judgement on the propriety or inorality of the laws passed by the
Frr-", he saia, "but all the laws passed by the Governmernt were not recogniz-
ed or authorised by the Grenala Consticution".

Mr. Hughes said wh ', laws are passed under the "basic norm" established by
a Constitution, those laws remain rith the c'. nge of Government. However,
the "hiaic norm" under which the PEG passed laws was the strength of that
Government and, when that Government waE overthrown, the "basic norm" was
also overthrown and with it the laws passed by the PRG. This, he said ap-
plies to the PRO laws creating the Gr.nada Supreme Court.

Under his final "h 'ad", Mr. Hugho said after the overthrow of the PRG and
the succeeding F.evolutio-.ary Militarj Council, Governor General Sir Pa1
Scoon had, u:der a section of the jrenada Constitution, assumed full execu-
tive power on behalf of the Queen.

"That act of assumption of power based on a provision of the Constitution",
he said, "proved the Constitution was still in existence and that the Con-
stitution, or parts of it, were in force".

According to Mr. Hu.;hcs, this made the Constitution, cuce more, the "b-1ic
r. m" in Grenada, end that norm provided for the W1est Indies Associated
States Sapreme Court to be the princ'paJ Cour; of Grenada.

"That the Court had to decide, he said, is whethe- the Grenrada- Supreme Court
established under the "basic norr:' o0 the PRG, cni exist ir Gren .aa along-
side the ,est IncicE AssocirtLi States Supreme lcurt established under the
"basic norm" of the Grenada Constitution. .-continued-

Week Ending 24/11/84 1E GRENAD, NEWSLETTEr Page 5

Mr. Hurghs raised the question of the theory of "State or Civil nec;sity",
the theory that, In an emergency, "what is not lawful otherwise, necessity
makes lawful".

With the Governor General assvuing Executive Authcrity, he said, and there
being no Legislature in Grenada, Sir Paul could take certain actions in the
emerg-ncy. Mr. Hughes argued, however, that Sir Paul could take nc action
or recognize any action that the legislature itself, it it was in existence
could not take or recognize.

"Any Legislptive powers the Governor General exercises", Mr. Hugh:s &aid,
"he does so as a delegate of parliament and he can have no greater power
than parliament which cannot set up, or recognise, in contravention of the
provisions of the Consitution, a Court such as the Grenada Supreme Court".

When the Court was adjourned on October 24th, Mr. Hughes was still present-
ing his arguments and he expected to continue to address the Court when it
resumed on October 25th.

Appearing on the other side of the case are Mrs. Velma Hylton, acting Dir-
ector of public prosecutions, and Mr. Carlyle Payne, Attorney General.
Associated with them is Mr. Karl Hudson Phillips, Trinidad & Tobago Bar-

tr. Phillips began his reply on Octoberr 25th. He argued that all the pro-
visions of the Grenadi Constitution, which was suspended by the FRG, had
not been as yet brought back into force.

There are some parts of the Constitution, he said, that the Governor Gener-
a. cannot activate now, and in this connection he mentioned Section 58 of
the Constitution which reads, "There shall be a Prime Minister of Gren.via
who shall be appointed by the Gover-ior General".

Mr. Hudson Phillips said if the Covernor General "made the mistake" of
bringing that provision of the Constitution into being before there are
General E.tectitns, '-here woull tLi "total and absolute chaos".

"That would be bacchanal, as ..e say in Tr-ridad", he said.

As far as the West Indies Associated States Supreme Cgurt is concerned, Mr
Hudson Phillips said, before that can be given jurisdiction in Grenada
again, the Governor General needs a prime Minister to talk to the Prime Min-
isters in the other States sharing that Court.

"',hat the GoJernor General is uoing", Mr. Hudson Phillips said,"is to bring
a step by step logic to the reintroduction of the Constitution, and he has
not yet taken the final step in that chain of logic".

WVhc the adjou .ient was caken on October 25th, Mr. Hudscn Phillips was still
addressin-r and he continued : .en the Court rjimed on October 26th. Follo"-
ing Y'm, the attorneyy General, Mr. Carlyle Payne addressed the Court and

page 6 TFj GREi_.H i''wSIeTTER Week Eningc -_7 o

this hearing lasted i-til October 29th when Mr. Nedd reserved his judgement.

His judgement w.s delivered on :oemiber 14th when he disTissed th', motion
ai declared the Grenada Sup:eme Court va3id.


It seemed unlikely that the Jamaican Barrister Mr. Howard Hamilton and his
team of Jamaican Barristers would be in th- Grenada Supreme Cour- when the
'4!:urice Bishop murder trial was called before Chief Justice Archibald Nedd
o0 November 1st.

When this case came before Mr. Nedd on October 16th, it was brought to his
attentiAn that tVe 19 defendants (ircludin, former Deputy Prime Minister of
Grenada Bernard Coard) had been unable to raise the necessary nney to hire
Defence Council.

Under Grenadian Inw, when persons accused of a capital offerce are unable
to hire Council, the Court assigns and pays for Council for their defence,
and Mr. Nedd indicated that he intended to assin the 7 barristers, led by
Mr. Hamilton, who lad appeared for th, accused in the preliminary Inquiry.

An informed source told NE3 3LETTER Mr. Hamilton was dut to hold discussions
in Grenada on October 29th relative t- the fee his t-am would be paid foi
this assignm"nit, but a cable sent by Mr. Hamilton to the Registrar of the
Supreme Court, Mr. Dennis Lambert, cancelled that meeting.

The cable accused Mr. Lambert of "bad taFre" and of conduct which is "pro-
fessionally unacceptable" in that he h1i disclosed to the Press his offer
to the Defence but h-.d not also disclosed whit -he Grenada Government i& pay-
ing those barristers who .aav' been retained 'or the prosecution.

In a telephe in arview on October 29th with Mr. Hamilton who w&r in J:maica,
he told NE17SLETTEK a CA JA story in t!e Jamaica: press on October 24th quoted
Mr. Ifmbcrt "in detail" gliviL.g .'- offer made to the Defence team. The
story report Mr. Lambert as sayir.p that, i the trin'- ran for 10 weeks as is
generally estimated, it would cost the State of Grenada about ECS200,000.
Some EC$146,300 would be in legal fees, Mr. Lambert said, and these are the
fees paid to local Barrister. retained to defend persons who cannot afford
to hire lawyers.

The cable from ir. Hamilton to Mr. Lambert said M:. Familton saw the Regis-
:-;ar's actions E a calculated s-t-Mmf-t to prEenppt and prejudice any meaning-
fu. discussion and to embarrass the Defence ;ean:, and Mr. Hamilton could see
no useful nurrnse be served ir hif meeting 1'; Registrar at this time.

havingng ru'a'd o all the crc'rta'ces of *'i .se", -he cable said, 'per- the mosT apvcorpriate course 5:- .at the Deferd-ats be allowed a reason-
able time tc secure Counsel of their choice", -continued-

~'dee Enhig "Tfi ;i, lrw LETTR7

Mr. Lambert confirmed on October 29th he has received a cable from Mr. Ham-
ilton but rejected the suggestion that he has acted in bad taste or that
his conduct could be considered professionally unacceptable.

"There is a fixed scale of fees paid to Counsel assigned to defend persons
on capital charges", he said, 'land all I did was quote those figures to the
Press when I was asked. I could not have been quoting what had bee, agreed
to pay Mr. Hamilton and his '.am, and this is supported by the fact that
they were invited to come to Grenand to negotiate a figure",

Mr. Lambert said he could not say what ts to happen in this matter but the
Chief Justice had been notified of this development and any pronouncements
on the matter would have to come :rom him.

Chief Justice Archibald Nedd made it clear from the Bench that the Grenada
Supreme Court docs not assign Barristors for the prosecution.

"I want to make it clear", he said, "that this Court does not assign Bar-
risters for the Prosecution but for the Defence. The Court is, therefore,
not able to tell Mr. Hamilton what arrangements exist between the Administra-
tion and the prosecution".


Three doctors were appointed to examine Mrs. Phyllis Coard who coll-psed in
the Grenada Supreme Court on October 16th when the Maurice Bishop murder
case came up for hearing.

The case was held in a specially prepared building next to Richmond Hill
prisons, in which institutic- the 19 accused, including Phyllis Crard, are
being held. 7'hen she was escorted into rii. r by the Police, she walked very
slowly and visibly drooped as she Look her place in the Dock, resting her
head on th back of the seat in front of her.

AS the Court opened with Mr. Justice Archibald Nedd presiding, the chargess
were read out with the accused standing but, before this procedure could be
completed, she sat while the oti -" rema_. d on +hir feet.

,Some time later, when all the accused had taken their seats, there was a
commotion in the Dock ns plhyllis Coord appeared to fall forward on to the
floor in front of her seat.

She could not be seen as she was surrounded by the other accused, including
her husband Be:nard Coard, former Deputy prime minister of Grenada, but, she
could be heard moaning loudly.

Attemiing to acaress Mr. 'edd, Mr. Bernard Coard said the Commission.r of
prison-, Borbadi n Lioncl Malcney, is a "crimi alf" who has "o, rated a reign

week Ending 24/11/8.4

P--ge 7

: age G THE (GRCN CA N _'SLETTER Week En.iing 24/1/1/84

of terror" against the accused for the past year, but he was cut Tshort by
Mr. Nedd who oi4ered Mrsi Coard to be removed from the Court and given i~;f4,
Local attention,

': nave been on a hunger strike for the past 6 weeks", PhFllis Co-rd then
cried out, "and I have not been allowed to see a doctor of my choice or my
'. iwyor* .

"If Mrs. Coard does not keep quiet", Mr. Nedd said, "she will be dealt with,
sick or not, but I must s.y her voice does not sound like that of an .11 per-
son" .

i's. Coard was then carried out of the Court by 4 policewomen.

Mr. Nedd said he wanted 3 doctors to examine Mrs. Ccard "with particular re-
ference to whether her condition is 'n consonance with abstention from food
for 6 weeks". He will appoint the Chief Medical Officer, Frank Alexis, he
said, the Prosecution will appoint another doctor and phyllis Coarr will ap-
point a doctor of her choice. These doctors were to report to Mr. Nedd with-
in a week.

"c.rd was passed into the Court to Mr. Nedd that Mrs. Coard wanted a doctor
frn~ outside Grenada and, when it was ascertained that her family wll pay
for tnis expense, Mr. Nedd agreed.

"After 46 years at the bar on both sides of it", the Chief Justice said, "I
have learned to expect the possibility of any kind of delaying tactic, and I
am prepared for it".

On October 25th, in Courf ,Mr. Nedd siid he had received reDorts from the

"The reports have been submitted to me", ae seid, 1Tand I will pronounce on
them when the Court sits to he.r this uitter on November 1st."

The examination uf 1-ayllis Coard took place at the General Hosnital on Oct-
ober 21st, tho ey-m.ning doctors bein, Stan Friday appointed by the Chief
Justice, Alister Budhlal appointed by the Prosecution and Jamaican peter
2igueroa appointed by phyllis Coard,

She arrived at the General Hospital about 7.30 and she was returned to Rich-
mond Hill Prison at 3.00 p.m. ifter examinations., Eyewitness reports say
a hostile crowd gathered in the grounJs cf tha hospital and jeered and I ced

,'hen phyllis Con.c was brought into Coart on November 1st, her stretcher was
put nn the floor in front of the Dock but Mr. i:edc had her moved closer to him.

"'T want te accused phyllis Ccard to be put in a position whe-e I can see her
.- speak with he., rot to er"e, sdid.

Week Ending 24/11/84 THL GRENADA ,NENSLETTEP Page 9

Two priso:. doctors, H.V. Gin-. and V* Gopal were in Court and, after Mr.
Nedd ascertained they had seen the examining doctors' report, he instructed
them to see that the recommendations in the retort were carried out,

"I don't want any complaints from the accused", he said.

Mr. Nedd also confirmed Phyllis Coard had received a copy of the report and
to her he said, "It is evident from the report that you are not fit and will
require a certain amount of care. They have made recommendations as re-
gards to you andi should you have any complaints, direct them to the Regis-
trar for transmission to me".

The Chief Justice assured phyllis Conrd that the Commissioner 3f Prisons
would have his instructions and she could be sure that any complaints she
might pass him for transmission to the Registrar would be passed on.

phyllis Coard, who spoke with a very weak voice, told Mr. Nedd she had ot
been able to communicate with her lawyer, Jamaican Barrister Howard Hamilton
who led a 7 Barrister team representing all the accused in the Preliminary
Hearing of this case.

"He (Hamilton) has been able to communicate with this court", Mr. Nedd re-
plied, "and, as far as this Court is concerned, he is not your lawyer. At
this point you have no lawyer and, untill such time as I can persuade them
(Hamilton and his team) to accept the assignment, or you can tell me that
you have retained lawyers, you are not legally represented".

Phyllis Coard said her family had been trying to retain lawyers but she was
not permitted ;o contact them or friends so she does not know what the posi-
t-3n is. She thanked Mr. UdIld- for instructing the Prison doctors to carry
out the recommendations of the ex.imining doctors but said she wanted to hav-
visitors so she "can find out what is happening".

"I must remind you that you are on remand on a serious charge", the Chief
Justice re,-lied. "You are not there as a member of a social club".

Mr. Ilodd ioli Inyllia Coard she must understand that the prison syr.tem in
Grenada is not like that in l.s United States where radios and newspapers
are provided, but he would loo. into th, matte o' her ability to commiuni-
cate with her family.

"According to the prison rules", Phyllis Coa d said, "I am entitled to have
one visitor per week, but I have not had a visitor for 10 weeks.

The Chief Justice said there mny be a reason for this.

"If you have not done anything to merit that sort of punishment", he said,
*'I know what to do".

"S "*?fc

Pae 10 T._ GR'\D\' !SLETTER Wee;. idin 1_/1_/84


"Whatever pronouncements I make from here are not made with a view to hav-
ing a discussion".

o said Chief Justice Arc:,ibald Nedd on November lst to one of thf accused
in the Maurice Bishop murder trial. Selwyn Strachan, former Minister of
Mobilisation and laLour in the peoples Revol'-tionary Government.

Mr. Nu-d advised the 19 accused that he had trie- unsuccessfully to assign
to the Defence the 7 jamaican barristers who had appeared for the accused
in the preliminary Inquiry where Mr. Strachan got to his feet in the DoTck
and said he wished to address the Court on the question of lawyers of their

It was then that Mr. Nedd indicated that he was not prepared to discuss
the matter and ordered M*. Struchan 'o take his seat, b-t Mr. Strachan pur-
sisted, saying that Jamaican barrister Howard Hamilton is the lawyer chosen
by the acc'usd.

"I don't want any -peech", the Chief Justice said, "what I have said is that
I am trying to get Counsel to represent you. If I don't get and you are un-
able to get for yourself, then you remain locked up".

Mr. N1-1d said that, with his 47 years of ixperienne "on both sides of the
Bar", what ir going on is cljar to him. The Court is not fooled, he said.

Anothe- of the accused, Leon Cornwall, got to his feet at this stage but Mr.
medd ordered him to be seated.

"I have a richt to address the Court", Mr. Cornwall said.

"If you don't sit iown I will Lold you.iL contempt", Mr. NeId said, "and
you will go there (back into the jail) net on rcmaps but serving a term".

Mr. Nedd fixed November 20th as the date on which tlis case would b' called.
before him again a-d he ordered ~e 19 accused to be taken, from the Court
before he left the Bench. The Polire, removing t'.e accused, handcuffed
epch aa he 1 -t the Dock but, afer' 5 or 6 had been handcuffed aid taken
,way, what was happening came to Mr HTdd's , he stoprud it.

"This court will not tolerate handcuffs except in case of violence", he
said. "If I see that aga'n, somebody will be reduced in rank. If you
want to handcuff them, get them out of here"n


7leek Ending 24/11/84 THE GRENAE'n r1N.' LSLLTTER Page 11


Chief Justice Archibald Nedd, sitting on November 1st in the Grenada Sup-
reme Court, warned the media against inaccurate reporting of proceedings
in his Court,

He referred to a motion argued before him the week before with reference to
a challenge to the validity of the Grenada Supreme Court, and he said the
submissions took 5 days to be presented,

"Anyone who was in the Court would have realized that any Judge who wanted
to do his job properly could not give his decision today as a branch of the
media felt", he said.

Mr. Nedd said he does not like to have proceedings in his Court misreported
and he dislikes, most of all, to be misquoted. If there are any represent"
atives of the media who are unsure of what happened in the Court, he said,
they should check with the Registrar of the Supreme Court.

"The member of the media who does not take advantage of this suggestion and
reports inaccurately", he said, "will not be given another change to report
anything inaccurately or accurately".


A representative of the International Commission of Jurists, Ghanian born
Bar'rister Hayfron Benjamin, attended the Grenada Supr-me Court on November
1st as an observer during the Maurice Bishop murder trial.

Mr. Benjamin, who served 3 years as Chief Justice of Botswana, moved to
Trinidad nfter that service and has been in practice there for the last two


Most of the staff of the Electr-al Offive in Grenada were fired today.
When they arrived at work, they were handed letters dated October 29th
which said that, with immediate effect, their services were no longer re-
quired and they would be paid one month's salary in lieu of notice.

Since October 26th the 35 strong staff had been on a sit down strike in sup
port of Mr. Roy Chasteau who had been removed by Governor General Sir Paul
Scoon from his post of Supervisor of Elections. Mr- Chasteau fell ill
some 3 weeks before and was then on sick leave bat had been spending some
hours at his d- k.


page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending _241/V84

On October 24th, he and other officials of the Electoral Office were sched-
uled to hold a meeting with Governor General Sir Paul Ssoon but, for some
reason still to be clarified, Mr. Chasteau did not attend. On October 25th
he was replaced as Supervisor of Elections by an official of the Health De-
partment, Mr. Alphonso Redhead, and the staff went on a sit down strike.

At their request, relayed through Mr. Redhead, Sir Paul visited the Elector-
al Office on October 26th to talk to the staff. An eyewitness reports that
both Messrs. Chasteau and Redhead were present and Mr. Chasteau, in the pre-
sence of the staff, tried to explain to Sir Paul why he had missed the Oct-
ober 24th meeting.

The Governor General would not permit this, the eyewitness said, and he told
Mr. Chasteau he should not be on the premises because he is a sick man and
there is a medical certificate to prove it. Sir Paul asked Mr. Chasteau to
clear his desk immediately and hand over to Mr. Redhead.

The Governor General then made it clear to the staff that he had no intent-
ion of changing his decision to replace Mr. Chasteau, and several of the
staff accused him of being "u-:.rateful" to Mr. Chasteau.

"Now that all the hard work at the Electoral Office is over", one staff mem-
ber told NEWSLETTEr, "the Governor tGe.eral wants to replace Mr. Chasteau
with somebody who does not know the job".

Armed police guards in plain clothes guarded the Electoral Office-on Octob-
er 26th and, at closing time, there was no sign that the staff was prepared
to back down from the stand they had taken. However, they were only tempor-
ary staff taken on, in the first place, for a 6-month period which had al-
ready expired, and they were not backed by any union.

This is the second time that the staff at the Electoral Office has taken
industrial action. The firet time was some months ago when a civil servant
transferred to assist in the Electoral Office, was sent back to he- substan-
tive post, allegedAy without reference to Mr. Chasteau. The go slow and
sit down strike which resulted lasted a day or two before the office return-
ed to normal.

Some 8 or 10 of the staff, interviewed on October 29th said that, after they
had received dismissal notices, they were hustled off the premises and were
not allowed to shelter from rain under the shed of a shop some 50 yards away
from the Electoral Office.

"When we used to work until 2 in the morning", one said, "we never had sec-
urity but, today, they sent a lot of men with guns to try to frighten us".

These staff members said 2 of their number, Larry Gunpot who was Mr. Chas-
teau's chauffeur, end Kerol Lnoel have been "arrested" and taken away by the
police, but a s okcsman for the Police denied that they had been arrested.

".'ook Ending 24/11/84 THE ,GRE!AD.'. fZ ':SLETTIT7 Page 13

*'Two persons are assisting :-s with our inquiries into a matter which has
nothing to jo with the dismissal of the staff", the spokesman said.

A source close to the El-ctoral Office told IE'S3LETT3R the "matter" being
investigated is a "discrepancy" in one of the office machines at the Elec-
toral Office.

The source said also 21 persons had been fired and 14 retained, and it was
not felt that this would, in any way, adversely affect the election machin-
ery being prepared for the December 3rd General Elections.

Over the previous two days, there had been reports that the staff at the
Electoral Office had burned identification cards due to be handed out to
electors. The source confirmed that I.D. cards had been burned but said
the situation has been misunderstood.

"TIere are s-oilt I.D. cards which have to be destroyed", the source said,
"and it is the burning of these which has given rise to this report",

On October 30th the Maurice Bishop patriotic Movement (MBPM) issued a
statement condemning the replacement of Roy Chasteau by Alphonso Redhead
as Supervisor of Elections.

"Now with this anti-worker and un.emocratic action of Sir Paul Scoon", the
fEBPM statement said, "the plan to put in power a puppet regime favourable
to the United States has been exposed".

The "invading powers" have seized control of the Elections Office, the
statement said, which puts the whole question of the el actions in danger.

Ii an interview on October 30tb, Mr. George Louison, former Minister of
.','-iculture in the peoples Revolutionary Government and prominent MBPM
member, was asked for further information relative to the alleged seizure
of the Electoral Office.

"This ha', two aspects", he said. "In the first place, that r"fice is be-
ing guarded by Barbadian policemen and, more importantly, we understand
that Barbadian advisers are nov. installed there".

An authoritative source close 1) the E-- tion; O.'fice denied that any for-
eign control is being exercised over the Elections Office.

"There is a Security Force guarding the premises", the source told NEWS-
LETTER, "but no foreign advisors, Barbclian or otherwise, have bee.- -tacl-
ed to the Elections Office".

HBPM issued ln urgent call to the Governor General for "sober reflection
and good sense to prevail".

This crisis puts the dem. cratic future of al Grenadians at stake", the
statement said. "We suggest immediate consultations be held with all

page 14 THE GRENADA NZICLETTER W--k Tnding 24/1/84

political parties to find a democratic solution and restore confidence in

the electoral p.ocess".


Andy Mitchell, one of the 19 per...'ns a-cused of the murder of the late Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop, was taken to the General Hospital shortly after noon
on November 2nd.

Sources close to the Hospital said Mr. Mitchell had a wound in the head which
-ok two stitches and he had a scrape on his left leg.

ommisfiLonor of prisons, Lionel Maloriy, could not be contacted for informa-
tion relative to how Mr. Mitchell received these injuries.


At precisely 3.32 p.m. on October 28th, Governor General Sir Paul ocoon de-
clared open the point saline International Airport and, less than 3 hours
later, at 6.14 p.m., the first international flignt, 'an American World Air-
ways flight PA219 touched do-m with 80 passengers for Grenada.

The opening ceremony, performed before a crowd of some 5,000, was witnessed
by an international gathering including John Comptcn, Prime ministerr of St.
Lucia and James "Suon" Mitchell, Prin:e ministerr of St. Vincent.

Other dignitaries present included iiles Bullard, British High Comnmicni-roer
to Grenada ro idert in Barbadoc, South K'rean Ambassador to Grenada, Sun
Chang, ir. Hernan oalcurrai,, Venezuelan Ambae-asor to Grenada, Dr. Vaughn
Lewis, Eirector General of the Crg-rii. tion of SEst Caribbean states Secro-
tariat, U.S. ':bassador to Grenada Loren Lawrence and Noble Power, rinad-hn'
Jigh Commissionior Grerada residoit in Barbadcs.

'lso present were Charles A. Gillepie, United States Deputy Assistant Sec-
-etary of State for InterAmerican if-;aras wi-h rerpo:sibility for the Carib-
bean, and Ambassador William Middendorf United states Representative to the
Organisntion of American States. Mr. Gillespie was Ambassador in (not to)
3renala immediately following the United States and Caribbean P -cekeening
Force intervention in Grenada last 0' *ber.

Most of the passengers on the PanA" flight were re3"tiven of Ftudr.nt. of tle
St. Georges Unive raity School of Medicine who wore in Gre: zda for tl-e unveil-
ing cn the University Ca pus on October 29th, of a morumen: to the 19 United
States s> vicemen wl. lost thir livxs during the intervention.

' the pa ::.n, :r. also wre tnc moe'icr and wife of -ne of the men who died
during the interv. t' a.

!,e-k Ending 24/11/84 ThL CRENAA. N. iSLTT'ER Page 15


The building of Point Saline International Airport imposed a severe finan-
cial strain on the people -f Grenada and there are outstanding debts which
still have to be paid.

This was disclosed on October 28th by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon in
his address as he declared the airport officially open.

"We still have to repay loans in the sum of ECS50 million which were secur-
ed for the building of this air;'ort", he said.

Against this background of debts which must be paid by the Grenadian people,
Sir Paul said, there can be a better appreciation of the grants made by the
United States and Canada towards completion of the project.

The Governor General said the International Airport Levy, a 2 percent tax
levied on imports since 1982 has, so far, realized SEC10 million, and the
sale of airport bonds has brought in EC$3.4 million. The figure paid out
from the countryts General Revenue, he said, has already totalled EC912.6

Sir Paul paid tribute to the Airiort Development Committee, established in
November 1980, as a voluntary organization of women. This Committee, he
said, had already raised ECC6oo000.

"There is one further category of Grenadians whom I would like to salute
for their patience and understanding", the Governor General said. "I re-
fer to those whose lands were acquired for this airport. site".

'hcsce people have not yet been paid, he said, and he hoped a settlement of
this matter will be reached within a reasonable time.

The problems of newly developed countries are well known, he said, and Gre-
nada's difficulties, fears and anxieties are too well known to bear repeti-

"But we believe in 3od", Sir Paul said, "and by our faith, courage and de-
termination we shall come ou. of the turbulent first decade of independence
a better, more mature and res- lint p2ple, hai a people more appreciative
of the value of human dignity and individual liberty".

Integrity, efficiency and discipline in public affairs must replace unnec-
essary and unconstructive rhetoric whih fans the flames of hatred, sa
and hinders economic growth.

The Governol General said the airport does not belong to any section of Gre-
nada, not to any political prtj nor to any political leader, out to the
people of Grer .a, Carriacou and petit Martinique,


page 16 7 .L FEHAD; N[ SLETTL weR :'m dir.- ?4/1-1/84

"We are the ones who have to m'ke the sacrifice to pay for this ;.i.:ort",
he said, "and by God's grace we shall do it".

Sir Paul refer.' d to the "tax burden Grenadians have had to endure", and
Le announced certain relief instituted by the Interim Government, These
are the abolition of estate duties and the concession that Government pen-
sioners w.ll not pcj income tax on the first ECG7,000 of their pension.

"The Interim Governmnnt is now studying an Inte iational Monetary Fund re-
port on Gruna-la's fiscaD system, as well as a report by a local working
party comprising public and private sector officials", he said, "with a view
to seeing how and if they can further ease the tax burden within the next
few weeks".

The Governor General reminded Grenadians that, as important as the opening
of th: airport is, there is another and more important event, the General
Elections, they should remember.

"Let us not forg.-t", he said, "that on the first Monday in December, we have
another but more important event which will determine the f-ture of this
country, the future of our children, an event which willdecide whether we
have the economic progress we all hope for, whether we shall really attract
the investors who are so willing to c,-me to Grenada".

The Governor Gener l said he had issued the election w.-it,' on October 26th
and Nomination Day would be r, ?Tovemb -r 13th.


In a moving ceremony on October 29uh, a monument was unveiled on the Grand
Anse campus of the S,. Georges Universi.y Scineo of Medicine to the rmmory
of 19 Jnited Stat-s servicemen who larc their lives during the U.S. and Car-
ibbean peace; -eping Force military intervention i. G-'enada in Octr er 1,83.

A .ixed Colour Cuard of unitedd State( forces, Caribbean peac-ekeping force
qnd the Roycl Grenada Police force- provjled the Guajrd of Honour and those
present included a contingent of clrtives -nd fr'eus of the fallen men.
That contingent flew into Grenada on October 28th through the island's new
Point Saline International Airport.

Among those present also were members of th. "parents Network', an ass cap-
tion of parents of students of the Mediza. School. That s!eciation, to-
gether with the school authorities, was resp nsible for erection of the monu-

A.ddrersing the gath- -ing, Ciancellor of the McjiIA School, Dr. Charles Modi-
ca, sai t he had h'- t'e hono.:r to p esent Presi(.nt Ronala Reagan on October
:4t with a -el-lica of the morr:ient.,

Week Ending 24/11/84 THE GRENADA NEiSLETTF' Page 17

"I was with some 90 students of St. Georges University who thanked the pres-
ident for his courage and leadership in rescuing our students and bringing
new hope and freedom to Grenada".

Dr. Modica said that is a day he will never forget and it Was clear that
president Reagan was moved.

"I don't think I am exaggerating when I say he had tears in his eyes", he

United States Ambassador to Grenada, Loren Lawrence said the men who had
lost their lives had not come to Grenada as part of a force which was moti-
vated by a desire to conquer. They came, he said, to answer the call of
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon to assist a nation that had, for too long,
suffered internal threats, oppression and, finally assassination,

"We can see around us proof that their sacrifice was not in vain", he said,
"we can feel, in talking to citizens of Grenada, and through the warm friend-
ship they have shown us, the gratitude for the sacrifice these 19 made for

Governor General Sir .Paul Sccon also spoke and he said the United States
had rescued, not only Grenada, but the whole of the English-speaking Carib-

'"We are so grateful", he said, "we do not want you to leave the country.
As long as you are here, despite the carping critics, we feel in our hearts
you are a bastion of freedom".-

Sbr Paul said only the United States could have provided the opportunity
for Grenadians to live in freedom.

Relatives of the dead servicemen present wer. Mrs. Patricia Butcher, mother
of John Kenneth Butcher, 26, her daughters Kerry and Kathy Butcher, and Ken-
neth's wife Lee Butcher, 30. Kenneth and Lee had been married for 3 years
and have ,'u chhldrei.. Their home is in Virginia Beach, Virginia and, in-
terviewed on her arrival at Point saline Airport last night, Lee showed
great pride in her husband.

"I think it was worth while", she said, "Kenneth died a hero and I have no

Two other relatives of the dead men were present at the unveiling cr-'mony.
T:ey are Mrs. Kathleen Morris, sister of Stephen LeRoy Morris, and Stephen
Lannon, fath-r of Kevin Joseph Lannon. The hometowns of Mrs. Morris and
Mr. Lannon are not known.

The monument was designed and executed by Ame.ican sculpture Ken Clark to be
symbolic of page of h- :tory moving in the wind of time".


.age A8 ThE: GRENADA J IZSLETT-R Week -n-in 2+/11/84

It is a 6 foot length 'of golden bronze, about an inch thick and, 'ei'haps,
2 feet wide at the top.

It is slightly cr-ved across its width and, at the lower end of its length,
i. ends curve inwards, giving the impression of a parchment blown in the

Qa the face of this "parchment" a'e the signatures of the 19 and their
names also in lettering fashioned after the words "Liberty" and "In God 'e
Trust" on the United states one cent coin.

"I chose to Use the sign-ttures of these fallen servicemen", says Mr. Clarke,
because it is their true mark no other signal can more represent their
fft :t than ..cir combined signing of "this page of history" .

The names appearing on the "page" are Kenneth J. Butcher, Randy E. Clyne,
Gary L* Tpps, John P. Figuere, Philip S. Grenier, Kevin J. Lannon, Keith
J. Lucas, Seas P, Lundetin4, Kevin E. Lundberg, Marlin R. Maynard, Stephen
L. 1orris, Mark A. Radmacher, Michael F. Ritz, Russel L. Robinson, Robert
R. Schamberger, Jefirey R. Scharver, Jeb F. Sr-ale, Stephen E Slater and
Mark O. Yamane.



Magist ate Jerome Forde rujLd on October 17th that Grenadian born Chester
'lumphrej be extradited to the United States to face charges cf gun-running
pendi-- against him since 1979.

M". Humir'rey was arrested in the United States early in 1979, just before
the New Jewcl Movcment (NJM) revolution 1ere; also arrested at that time
was Wardally, Grenadian born but natvra '- ed as an Americar, and the
2 men were charged with buying'large quantities of weapons s aid smi.g ling
them to -renat l.

They were allowed bail bur, before the date on which the case was to be
i-ard, they escaped to Grenada whei they played.proriinent parts in' active
-ties of the ;JIM.

Following the military intervention of October last year, Mr. Wardally dis-
appeared from Grenada but Ar. Humphrey stayed and United States authorities
have asked for his extradition to fax' the cl'arges pending asinst hJm.

The case was hear,' on QOtober 8th with Mr. Forie reserving his decisi'r ani.
on october 17th h save his ruling in favour of the U.S. ax-thoritieq. Ans-
.erirg questions raised before him, ho scid he fouid there is an extradition
treaty between ;ch- TF''ited States aur Grenada, that Iur. Humphrey had been drop-
-y ide.i~ified a' te wanted uar 'z'nd th-t thI dc .'ments submitted to hir
..w *that .h- .'flcr~-s T:'mphr-y cm'.:itced are covered by the -:tradition
treaty. -continued-

',Je'k Ending 24/11/84 THE GR.EADA JNE'ASLETT.KN Page 19

He ordered that Mr. Humphrey be kept in custody pending his removal to the
U.S.A., but he pointed out that an appeal to a judge in the Supreme Court
may be made against his decision.

Mr. Humphrey was defended by Barrister Robert Grant and, after the hearing,
he exprceied dissatisfaction with Mr. Forde's decision and said he would ap-

"In essence", he said, "it is a political decision. As usual, Mr. Forde
has cocked it up again".

Mr. Humphrey echoed the sentiments of his counsel.

'"No where in the .Magistrate's summary of the depositions before him did he
use the word 'alleged"' he said, "those depositions were taken as the absol-
ute truth".

An informed source told !IZL'UILTTER that, following the conclusion of this
case, either in the Magistrate's Court level or at the level of any appeal
which rmiht be made, if Mr. Humphrey loses his case but is not taken back
to the United States within two months, the extradition proceedings are voidA


The Maurice Bishop patriotic Movement (MBPM), on October 19th commemorated
that day with a Church service, the unveiling of a bust of the late Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop and a rally in St. George's Market Square.

October 19th marks the first anniversary of the assassination of Bishop and
members of his Cabinet, and the massacre of an estimated over 100 Grenrdian-
by the peoples Revolutionary Army (FRA) of 'he New Jewel Movement (NJM) fol-
lowing a power struggle in the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) be-
tween Bi:hop and the Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard.

The Church service, held in St. George's Roman Catholic Cathedral, was at-
tended by some 200 persons, most in the 15 to 25 age group, and about the
same number attended the unveiling cer-eiony .ia St. George's cemetery.

Addressing the gathering in the cemetery before performing the ceremony of
unveiling, Mr. Kendrick Radix, MBPM Leader, said the bust of Bishop had
been donated to MBPM but he did not disclose the donor.

The area where the bust is located is to be developed into a shrine of re-
membrance for all the "heroes and martyrs" who died on October 19th, Mr.
Radix said, and he called on his hearers to come sentries to guard the
bust and the r-ea around it.

Wreaths were laid by several persons, including the wives of Unison Vhitem-.n

Page 20- 7._ GREND ..D .JS LETTER -Week- -Ern. "/E/84

and Vincent Noel, two NJM members who died at Fort George a year &ao, and
the proceeding. were then move to St. George's Market Squ.:re.

he rally in t. i Market Square was chaired by Mr. Einstein Louison, a maj-
or in the PR., who'is alleged to have been with Bishop to within a few pin-
utes of his assassination, and who has been declared as the MBPM candidate
for the constituency of St. Johns in the General Elections fixed for D;!-
ember 3r.i.

Addressing the rally, Mr. Radix renounced the names of 5 other persons who
will contest on the MIBFEI ticket. They are Mri Lyle Bullen for Carriacou
and petit Ilartinique, Mr. Ge-rge Louison for St. Marks, Mr, Mario Bullen for
Leo city of St. George and Mr. Radix himself for St. Ge'rge's South East.
The fifth name is Mr. Carlton -ernard, Mr. Padix did not make it clear
which scat Mr. Bernard will contest but it is understood that it will be one
of the four in St. Andrew*s parish.

Mr. Radix said that, within the ne:rt few days, iMDPM will announce the full
slate of its candidates contesting the elections

Thie estimated crowd in the Market Square was about 700 people but it was
difficult to judge how many actually came to the rally. MBPM provided free
transport from all over the island. ad many took advantage of thi. but, on
Frid y afternoons, with Ban s opening late and students awaiting transport
to the country districts, there is always a crowd in this area.


If the laurice Bishop patriotic Movement (MBPM) wins the elections fixed for
next December 3xd, the Government will not eit in the Parlic;ment building now
bcing renovated And prepared for the Houce Representatives end the Senate.

This was di"-losed on October 19th by Mr. Kendric.: Radix, MBPM lae-er, at a
rally staged by }"*M to commemor tc the first anniversary of the assassina-
tion of the la~e Prime i-'.nister Mnu-rice Bishop anid members of his Cabinet,
and the massacre cf an estimate d over 100 Grenradia.,s by thh Pejples Revolu-
tionary Army uf the New Jewel Mov *'nt (NdM).

"When we win", Mr. Radix said, "we will not sit in the Parliament on the hill
but will have a parliament of the people".

Mr. Radix said -rM is being call-d "Communist", but he fLur~ that anyone who
fights for the peoplee i- labelled that way. He admitted that NJM h~d
some serious mi :kes. The Paity had been "too narrow" he uaid, but MBPM
is going to be "opened up" because eve; ybcody car belong to it.

The M"':! leader tlck the op-ortunity to i.nouncr: "awards'* his party harsh made,
-A rosthuiou a.rd of -hre ''Or. l of ;l- people of Gi na'1', has ,eer conferred

Week Ending 24/11/84 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 21

on Bishop and the order of "Hero and Martyr" has been conferred, also post-
humously, on 5 persons who died on October 19th last year. They are
Unison 71hiteman, Vincent Noel, Jacqueline Creft, Fitzroy Bain and Norris

Other awards made are the "Maurice Bishop Memorial Award" to the Prime
Ministers of Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, the Bahamas and Belize. T'ese
are the Prime Ministers who did not allow their countries to take part in
the United States led "rescue mission" to Grenada last year.

The Maurice Bishop Memorial Award has been conferred also on the leader of
the Cuban revolution, Fidel Castro.


Mr. Herbert Blaize, political leader of the New National Party (NNP) react-
ed strongly on October 29th to remarks alleged to have been made recently
at a local meeting of the United States based Overseas private Investment

Mr. Blaize said he had been told of a statement made by a visitor to Gre-
nada to the effect that that visitor would make sums of money available to
NNP for use in the execution of its campaign in the coming General Elect-

The political Leader said he had also been told that such *donations could
probably mean that his party might be maniplated.

"Let me make it perfectly clear", he told NEWSLETTER, "that NNP is not ope-
to anyone,-at home or abroad, who may have ulterior motives for supporting
a political party".

Any financial support which is given to and accepted by NNP, he said, must
be understood ;o be entirely without strings.


The Grenada office of the OrganisEtion of American States (OAS) announced
un October 18th that 2 observers will be sent to Grenada for che General
Elections scheduled for December 3rd.

Th. announcement said this ac-ion is being taken at the request of the
Interim Government, but Mr. Norberto Ambros, Directoi of the 0'3 office in
Grenada, said the observers have not yet beer selected.


Page 22 THE GRMnAD;A :ND'3-LETTER Wee' ri,- n- 2?4/ 18

"They will be chosen at a later date by the Chairman of the OAS Po:'neanent
Council, Chilean A.:-issa.:r Monica I:'dariaga", he said, "and this will be
in consultation with the Grunadi: mission to the OAS and the OAS SF-cretary
General, Joao c:J'mente Baena 3oares".

The Grenada request was presented to the Permanent Council by Grenada's
Amoassador to the C.S, Albert Xavier, .nd a vote was taken on a relevant

The resolution approved by the Council authorises the sending of "two re-
nowned individuals, in conformance with the nature, purpr-ses and principles
apon whicn the Organization i- based, to observe, in a personal capacity,
G: Grenada, the General Elections whlch will take place in that country on
December 3rd".

B-1'.3' r CSMEN CLOh V1'J

The Gren:- I.. J3nhb-. of Industry and Commerce, ir a Press Release issued on
October 22nd, urged all its menmers to close their places of business on
Thursday October 25th.

This date was the iirst anniversary of the military intervention in Grenada
by United St'atas -,d Caribbean forc.-, and the L.-amLber's Releas' said that,
in recognis:ing October 25th, should also be of the events
of WeVlncsday October 19th 1983 "when an untold number of innocent citizens
loft their livus -Li the barbaroug and s1-meful events which took place at
For' Rupert".

This refer-ince is to the massa-cre of a still uadeteriined number of persons
when the peoples Revo-lutionary .rmy of the !'nw Jewel.Movemeat first turned
i g n s on:1 crowd of persenCs at F-.rt R pt- t and afterwards Mtrdere, the
late prire M4nister Maurice Bishop and members of 'his Cabitiet.

I- an interview ou. October 22nd, p-esi.dent of the Chamber Charles "Laddie"
Mclntyre, said October .'?th shru-1 be spent in Grenada as a day of quiet

"Already we know that at least the 10 biggest firms in the island will re-
spond to our request to remain closed on Thursday'", Le said, "and this will
prc -ide us all with tne time to seriously and soberly reflect upo- and give
thsea.:s to Almighty God for the opp- tunity given us t) .ersin, preserve iA
strengthen our traditional freedc.r.s' .

The Ch.amber's lease .aid that, on Octooer 25th 1983, 'he Governments of
the Organisation of E:st Iarible&a' states, Barbdos and Tamalca t-,isidered
the situation in cenada racc-gh to initite direct action in reliev-
ing the "unto.nbi: situation" v.: h **hi h t -:.ple of ".-nada were fa ed.

Nvek Ending 24/11/84 THE GREl1fDA NEWSLETTER Page 23

The action taken by these Governments was in response to an appeal from Gre-
nada, the Release says, and the Government of the United States of America,
realizing that the Caribbean Governments involved did not have the capabil-
ity of undertaking necessary action on their own, upon request, accepted
and agreed to assist.

""c-re it not for this action", the Release said, "the people of Gre'-ada
would have continued to exist under tyranny and oppression and suffer a
total loss of all basic freedoms".

Grenadians give thanks, the Release said, to their Caribbean and United
States brothers who believed so strongly in the democratic way of life that
they were prepared to sacrifice their sonst todayy" so Grenadians could
have their "tomorrows" as a free people.

Referring to those who lost their lives in the killings at Fort Rupert, the
Release said, "May God in His love grant eternal rest to those individual,
whatever their persuasion, and may we pray that, never again in the history
of our country, will we be reduced to such uncivilised acts of man against
his fellow-man"a


The Governor General, Sir Paul Scoon, and United States Ambassador, Loren
Lawrence, were among the large congregation attending an ecumenical service
of thanksgiving on October 25th.

The service, held in the St. George's Roman Catholic Cathedral, commemorated
the first anniversary of the military intervention here by United States acid
Curibbcan peacekeeping forces.

On October 19th 1983, the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) of the New Jewel
Movement assassinated the late prime Minister Maurice Bishop, -embers of his
Cabinet and others after gunning down a still unknown number of Grenadians
at Fort Rupert.

Following this, a:Revolutionary Militai Council (RMC) was formed by the PTA,
a four day curfew was pronounced, hundreds of persons were jailed and the :.s-
land seemed destined to suffer an extended period of anarchy.

At the request of Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, Prime Minister Na-'.
Eugenia Charles of Dominica,Chairman of the Organisation of East Caribbean
States (OECS), took action. After consultation with the other members of
OECS and with Barbados and Jannica, the United States was asked for assist-
ance. Beginning on the morning of Tuesday 25th October 1983, a "rescue
misc~on" was u .ertaken whichh resulted in the overthrow of the RMC and the
restoration of peace.

nage 24 THE rhLiADIA .LETt'h- Week Ending 24/ 11/84

Roman Catholic Bishop Sydney C1,'rlos was out of the island, and, in his ab-
sence, the congregati n was welcomed by the Vicar General, i'yril LL '.ontegne
who reminded his listeners that Octcbcr 25th 19-3 was a tu-rning point in the
history when "tl. Lord of history" "stretched forth his mighty hanli and
S.."*ght Grenadians "back from the jaws of death, back from the mouth of hell".

'Tr,:ay we celebrate and commemorate the love and concern of our Caribbean
at.ighbr.irs", he said, "who, when :ll seemed lest, when we were helpless and
in misery, not knowing which way to turn, supported us with their prayers
and sought the help of the United States in restoring to us peace, security
and, above all, hope for the future".

Ihe Vicar General asked the congregation not "for a moment" to fori -t the
American servicemen who died executing the rescue mission, "Theirs was the
supreme-sacrifice", he said, "the ultimate in love".

The presher at the service was the Reverend phillip Ponce of the Methodist
Church and he said Grenadi:ins should follow the injunction cf Jesus to be
alert, to "watch and pray".

"We must be alert", he said. "Te need not gc into the facts of history,
we need not go into cataloguing all the things which, as human beings, we
have been freed from. We have to make sure, we have to he on guard, we have
to be alert to ensure that those experiences don't re ur".

Revd. ponce said Grenadiars want to be free and they must 'b free because
God has ordained this. But, he said, the price of freedom is eternal vigil-
ance and this does not involve just the securityy Forces and the Police. This
involves "every last one of us", he said.

The preacher said also it i~ important to affirm that "tomorrow" is deoend-
ent on what is done "today", and he refe:'red to the General Elections sched-
uled for December 3rd.

"I're must realize that our tomorrow, December 3rd, 1 depenrient on h -7 you end
I prepare ourselves toda.- for December 3rd", he said, "and what you and I do
on December 3rd".

.lso att..nding the Service were re-e fntati-es of the United S+ates and
Caribbean peacekeeping forces, representatives of the Interim Government,
representatives of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce and of the Judiciary.


fBrif+ainir Minister for Oerseas Development, rioto'hy Raisun, paid a flying
visit to -renada in t-e week ending 20'h October to take a look at the pro-
:Immes being fundi-. b, the i-.ited Kingdcmn
.cn+inu. d-

7.!ee: Ending 24/11/84 THE GRENADA NE"!SLETTER Pr)gc 25

At a press Conference on Octooer 16th Mr. Raison said his country is spend-
ing a "reasonable" amount of money in Gr.-nad9 at the present time, there
are questions about where it is _.-ing, he said, and he was visiting to see
for himself how the aid pror ramme is going.

"I have also told the people here that we are intending to pay for certain
items for the Parliament when it resumes its existence", he said, tley will
include Members' chairs, Strangers' chairs, robes of office and a metal de-
tection gateway, which is a good mixture of the old and the new".

Cost of these items, he said, will be about 29,000 sterling.

Concerning Britain's aid programme in Grenala, the Minister said it con-
sists of a f650,000 grant made available late last year and this was follow-
ed by a rl million loan.

The grant, Mr. Raison said, will pay for Land Rovers for the Police, re-
habilitation of police Stations, equipment for Police, spare p-rts for
electricity generators, equipment for the Central Water Commission and
sp-res for British-made vehicles in the Central Garage.

'ith reference to the loan money, this has been approved for community de-
velopment, aid for the Banana Industry, a new generator for the power sta-
tion, spares for generators, further work on police buildings, rehabilita-
tion of the Grenville Market and completion of the Grand Anse Housing

"This is a mixed programme backed with some expert manpower assistance",
he said, "and, by and large, the impression I have got is that it is going
well. There are, always, one or two problems that have to be sorted out
but, in talking to the Grenadian authorities, generally speaking,- they seei.
very satisfied,.

Mr. Raison said he could not name a date when the Grenadian Police Force
will be oble to take over responsibility for security of the s+ate.

"It is impor-tant to stress", he said, "that it does take a bit of time, that
you can't produce overnight a well-trained police Force".

Mr. John Kelly, British High Coirlmission Representative resident in Grenada
told T!ISLETTER it is expected that the Royal Gren-da Police Force will be
"up to strength" sometime about the middle of next year. Mr. Kelly said
the present strength is 450 men and the full strength of 560 men should be
achieved by mid 1985.

Following the Military Intervention in Grenada last year, Britain indicated
disauproval of the Rescue Mission and some "coolness" had developed between
London and St. 7eorge's. but Mr. Raison said he thought this is now all past.


page '26 GG.r!JAD-\ NE SLE"TER nWeck Tndi:.g 24/11/84

"I have been struck by the fact that the relationship seems very od", he
said, "there Iha been noAthinr but friendliness while I've been he,: "'

During his vi'r the Minister had discussions with Governor General Sir
.aul scoon, Mr. Nicholas Brrthwaite, Chairman of the Interim Government,
other members of the Government ard officials.

Mr. R-i.-rn arrived in Grenada on October 15th and left October 16th for
visits to Jamaica and Belize.

e .-..,----\ -

Governor General Sir Paul Scoon on October 2nd officially opened the Multi-
media Training Centre of the Grt.nada Chamber of Industry and Commerce.

Corigritulating the Chamber, Sir Paul expressed his thanks to the organiza-
tions which had made establishment of the Centre possible, a form of assist-
ance, he said, which was not'only to the Chamber but to Grenada generally.

"This Multi-media Trainign Centre has tremendous possibilities", he said.
"It is going to train the people who will work in business and in the pri-
vate sector generally But, it wil2 also offer its facilities to the pub-
lic sector, and I hope the day will come when the j3rr--rnda Chamb.r of Inrus-
try and Commerce will attract1 trainees from outside Grenda".

The Governor General said it people in the Caribbean mut .create wealth,
they must know mu"n more about the art of business and, from a very early
age, they nust be conscious of the possibilities of training in business
metnods. For too long, ae said, the educational system here has concentra-
ted cn the acquiring of certain academic norms, and little has been done by
way cf re p:.:'ing young people to make a mer.n*igful contribution in their

"Far too many people", he said, "are doing work for which they do not -ave
a modicum of training. I can thi'lk of the receptionist, the people a+ the
telehionie, I an think of thoce people who simply have to direct members of
the public tc go to another section of the office,: I'm afr-id they don't
do this very well and this happens in both the private sector and Government.

The Multi-medi- Centre will make a determined effort to correct
these shortcomings, the Governor General laid, and, because the Cent i-
-art of tho social structure, tne er-cnomy and even the poli-ical lifc of the
community, it s Irogrammes will i9 flucnce th. whele country.

The Centre was not set up to enable people merely to make more mrr.y for
th-eii" percon-!a'g:nh, he s'id, but to enable them to perform better, generat-
ng mor-D emrloy-c t ; opportuni ties, en'oiracinr better service and a d :g to
qii11Iy of lii- 1,, the isl-nd. -c i.ti nued-


"Democracy is not as easy to opLrate as some other forms of Government",
the Governor General said. "We have to be tolerant, we have to accept bu.-
foonery sometimes, we have to accept utterings which waste people's time
and which encourage mob rule. '7e have to listen to the other side even
when we don't want to listen, we have to allow the other side to have a

This is very difficult to do, he said, and a democracy cannot be run unless
there is discipline. It is his hope,he said, that one of the main objects
of the Centre is to inculcate discipline.

Furnished with video equipment, slide and film projectors, and other train-
ing aids, the Centre is a gift of the Canadian International Development
Agency (CIDA) and this donation was negotiated by the Chamber through the
Canadian association Latin America (CALA).

Equipment for the Centre cost some Can$40,000 and it will be available to
Chamb.-r members and the general public for personnel training at.all levels.


The European Commission has sigr'-? an agreement with the Government of Gre-
nada under which the Commission lill transfer EC$2 5 million to support the
island's agricultural in.ustry.

This was disclosed in an interview on October 23rd by Mr. Bob Visser,the
Commission's Resident Representative, and he said the transfer is being
made under the "STABEX" plan, a clause of the Lome Convention which provides
for stabilisation of export earnings of the African, pacific and Caribbean

Grenada's export earnings have been adversely affected, over the past few
years, br unfavourable market conditions faced by the three mrin export
crops, cocoa, bananas and nutmegs.

Market prices for cocoa have oeen unattractive, bananas have suffered front.
the low value of the pound sterling (i,. which currency this crop is paid f-r)
and both sales and prices for nutmegs have been on the decline.

Mr. Visser told NEWSLrfT. R that, following consultations with the Interim
Government, the Commission had decided to pay EC$1.5 million to Grzn-dian
farmers for losses experienced in 1983.

"One half million each will go to the Grfnada Cooperative Nutmeg Association,
the Grenada Banana Cooperative Society and the Grenads Cocoa Association",
Mr. Visser sai "the three statutory bodies which handle exports of Grena-
da'z- main cropse".

Wcek Ending 24/11/84

page 27

lage 28 TH' GRI2 A.1 .': JS TTER Week 24/11/84

The Commission's Rtsident Represontative said the remaining one m.ili4on E.C.,
dollars will be used to assist a sheep rearing project in Carriacon, Grena-
da's sister island, a forestry development project and the construction of


Mr. Bob Visser, Resident European Sconomic Community (EEC) Representative,
in an interview on October 30th disclosed that a shipment of 125 tons of
rilk powder was landed that day at St. George's.

"This milk powder has been made available under the EEC's Food Aid programme",
he said, "and another shipment of equal weigl.t is expected within 3 months",

r-r. Visser said this gift is a continuation of the EEC Food Aid Programmes
under which Grcnada has benefited over the lost several years and, as usual,
a pu.-rcent z of the shipinnt will be handed over to the Grxnada Food and Nu-
trition Council for free Bchools and hospitals.

EEC policy is that Food Aid to the African, Pacific and Caribbean APC) coun-
tries should stimulate self-reliance by the development of agriculture and
food production, he said.

"For that reason", the EEC Representative said, "part of -th shipnme-nt of
rowder-d milk will be sold at market prices by the National Marketing and
'mportijl. Board, and the money raised by this will be used ii productive pro-

jects in the agricultural sector".


Gra.-nads's Interim Government on November 5th marked the passing awa'c of a
former Chief :inist- of Grenada.

A Government spokesman told NEZST.E-'ER that at a meeting of the Government,
members stood in silence for a minute 'n rericet to 7reorge ClynE who died on
.Jovmb,-r 4th.

lyne, a supporter of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party, became
Chief ministerr at one time in the 196,'-s during a period when Sir --ic waE. cut
of Parliament, hav ng lost his fre.chise for a election offenc-.

At the same meetir- of Government the sum of EC$ O,000 was voted for relief
of the government and people of Barba-!os following heavy rain dam.-- -:xper-
--nced in that island,

Mommittco is teo s. up to Icl'- into the poss-i-.lity .f furthe-r i'd for
;d. 'ados

Wec-k Ending 24/11/84 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 29


The security Police were taking no chances when the Maurice Bishop murder
case came before the Grenada Supreme Court on October 16th.

The regular Supreme Court promises in parliament Building in the heart of
St. George's is quite unsuitable for this trial. It can't accommodate the
19 accused and, besides, in the middle of a built-up area, it would be dif-
ficult, if not impossible, to provide adequate security

So, a special courtroom was prepared in a building near Richmond Hill pris-
ons. Thnt is, about a mile outside the town boundary. There, the Becur-
ity was thick and, sometimes, surprising.

Filst, one went through a checkpoint half a mile from the courtroom, I
showed my little green identification card issued by the Grenada Government
Information Service and was allowed to drive on. Two hundred yards beyond
was another checkpoint and there I was told I would have to leave the car
and walk.

Before moving on, however, I had dealings with a policeman in a little booth
by the roadside with a big book in his lap. He looked at my little green
card entered my name and address in his book and waved me on.

But4 that was not all, i' was just beginning A bit further was another
checkpoint where there was displayed a large sign, "The following items
are prohibited", it said, "(a) cameras, (b) tape recorders, (c) watches
-,..d,(d) all electronic equipment".

I was not carrying a camera, tape recorder or electronic equipment, I
kn6w these things cannot be taken into Court, All I had with me was my
house keys, car keys, notebook and pen. But I was wearing a watch and I
did have a small mail order catalogue I wanted to glance through if there
were any delays in Court. The sign said nothing about mail order cata-
logues being prohibi ed but it looked as though I couldn't go in xith my

Nobcdy at this point said anything about the watch but another Policeman
in another little booth at the side of the road with another big book in his
lap looked at my little grcn card and took down my name and address. That
was the curtain raiser on final big check.

In a little room a few yards from the Court, a queue of persons was lined up
and I could see those ahead of me being de-watched* So, when my turn came,
I did not wait to be asked, I whipped off my 10-dollar "casio" and presented
it to the polir -man who gave me a receipt and put my name and address down
1g-i; in another big booK.

'E iKrF F.f l ,:LEL TER

Then, after I had been given tle usual electronic frisking, I stc.r--d to
leave watch-less. But I still had my notebook and pen and my mail order
catalogue to while away the time while I waited for the Court to start its

But it was not to be.

"May we have that catalogue please sir", one of the Policemen said to me.

"The cataloL,.-?" I asked unbelievingly as I hesitantly handed it over to

"Yes, please sir", he said, putting it away in a plastic bag with my wacch,
"the catalogue".

puzzled, I walked away from the ch-ckpoint towards the Court. 'hat poss-
ible connection, I thought, could a mail .rder catalogue have with security.

But then, :uldcnly, understandinG dawned on me. I remembered the sign at
the checkpoint, no electronic equipment was allowed in, it said. And my
mail order catalogue was from an American company, Radio Shack. And, cov-
er to cover, that catalogue is chock full of electronic equipment.

That's security!

Listerr HughcE
24th Nccember 1984

Cynthia Hugh(:s

Prirted & published by the Proprietors
'Alister & Cynthia Hue, s,.Tournalists
Cf 3cott Street, St. Georges, "~enada, .cstindies

0 1,

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