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FocUlE 177H hUGUST TS73
For The W-ekEnding 13th October 1984
11th Year of publication - -th Issue
Volume 12- umber 12
BISHOP CREATED FALSE IMAGE
The New Jewel Movement (NJ!i) under the leadership of the late
prime Minister Maurice Bishop, made a deliberate attempt to cre-
ate a false image which would hide the true nature of NJM.
This is disclosed in the text of a speech made by Bishop to an
NJM party meeting in September 1982. Text of that speech was
released recently by the United States Department of State "as
the first in a series of pamphlets based on the large file of
Grenada documents found in connection with the October 1983 res-
Bishop explained to the meeting that "right from the word 'go'",
NJM had forged an "alliance" with the "upper petty bourgeois and
national bourgeois" as part of the deception.
As early as the first day of 'he revolution, Match 13th 1979,
Bishop said that NJM was feeling out "sections of the petty bour-
geois and national bourgeois" as to whether they would serve on
the peoples Revolutionary Government and, when the first 14 names
were announced for the "ruling council", they were (outside of
the immediate leadership) of "the petty bourgeois, the upper pet-
ty bourgeois and the national bourgeois".
this was done deliberately", Bishop told the meeting, "so
imperialism won't get too excited and would say, 'well they
some nice fellas in that thing : everything allright'. And
result wouldn't think of sending in troops".
~hqj~e 1i-$ 4L Cywrt.Cit, rcq'hcC
-- _____ - .-.-..-'---.
THE GRENADA Ni;'SLETTER
The late prime Minister. WrT totd .the meeting ,hat, as Marxist-Leninists,
their first. jeetive mu t l"e to.construct socialisfm.as rapidly as possible,
said the reason for forging the "alliance" with the bourgeois was "firstly
tO hold 'o6 to power in the first flw seconds, minutes', hours -44ys and
weeks". And he was critical of yarxist Leninist revolutionaries who had
not used this deception to mask the true nature of their revolution.
"Remembe_' the Gambia coup d'etat of a few months ago", he asked. "What
was the first thing those comrades did? They said, 'We are Marxist Lenin-
ist and we have just had a Marxist Leninist revolution and we go (are going
to) wipe out the bourgeois'. The same day they overthrew them same lay,
they did 't ev.givbl-rem aydayaJ*- :-Forbtnately, NJM had a little more
sense .than that".
Bishop told the meeting that the building of the "alliance" with the bour-
geois called for a certain kind of "political maturity", and NJM members
should not meet the bourgeois and curse them or be arrogant with them "for
no good reason".
But he pointed out it was "walking a real tight rope" because, while there
could be "flexibility" on the economic front, there could be very little on
the political front.
"On the one hand, you have to give encouragements and incentives and build
the confidence of the bourgooise", he said "but on the other hand, when they
step out ,of line, we still have to crush them".
TIE NJIM rFMBERSHIP
Members of the New Jewel Movement (NJU) of the late Prime Minister Ma'rice
Bishop were required to contribute 5 percent of their gross salary as pa-
Thiso information i& found in a speech made by Bishop to an NJM party -et-
ing in Septerber 1982, the .text of which has been released recently by the
United States Department of State "as the first in a series of pamphlets
based on the large file of Grenada documents found in connection with the
October 1983 rescue operation".
"And comrades", Bishop warned the meeting, g*rose means gross, it does not
mean -et after you pay tax, or after you take out money to give to some
member of the family".
Other basic requirements for NJM membership were regular attendance, reg-
ular attendance at collective ideologi.':l study organized by-tire Party,and
consistent engage-r nt i political work under the guidance of an organ of
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Another requirement was a complete willingness to accept party discipline
in many areas, not only of political, but personal life.
To fully accept and implement the principles and programmes of the party
requires you to let the party decide when you can get vacation", Bishop
said, "and, sometimes, even what kind of activities you can be involved-in".
According to B'shop, after the revolution, NJM established a new category
of membership called "potential applicants", and this was.to keep out "op-
portunists, careerists and self-seekers", potential applicants were in-
vited to join classes where they were tested to see whether they were host-
ile to Marxist Leninism. If they were found nqt to be anti-communist,they
were admitted as "applicants".
Over a period of 12nonths, applicants were checked on a number of points
including acceptance of the principles of Marxist Leninism, willingness to
accept party discipline and the absence of "petty bourgeois traits". If
found satisfactory, they spent another year as a "candidate member",
To move from this stage to full member, the candidate must, among other
things, have shown "ideological development", "correct leadership', the
"remo'.al of petty bourgeois faults" and "development of good relations with
Bishop said the NJM leadership believed it must become more and more dif-
ficult to remain a member and to become candidate members and full members,
and those unwilling to live up to the demands woul4 have to be moved.
"We believe, comrades, that this stage of our process requires this", he
said; "Being a communist, comrades, m ans becoming a different kind of
BISHOP: WE HAVE CONTROL
Two years before the late prime Minister Maurice Bishop died under a hail
of bullets from his peoples R~roluticrary Army (PRA), 4e assured a New Jew-
el Movement (NJM) party meeting that the peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG) had full control over the PRA and other vital"elements in Grenada.
Bishop gave this assurance in a speech made in September 1982, the text of
which has been released recently by the United States Department of State
"as'the first in a series of pamphlets based on the la:-e file of Grenada
documents found in connection with the October 1983 rescue operation":
The late Prime Minister told the party meeting that, if they wished to see
th control NJM exercised, they should look at the composition of the army
;,eek Ending 13/10/84
THE GRENADA NEjSLETTER
"We don't have any upper petty-bourgois or bourgeois in our army and militia"
he said. "When you look'at the officers in the army it is working class
comrades or petty bourgeois revolutionary, democratic or communists who are
the officers in the army".
This control was exercised, too, by excluding certain people from zonal coun-
cils, workers councils and other mass organizations*
"The bourgeois is not invited deliberately and consciously", he said, "sQ
they don't have the opportunity to come and try to confuse people inside the
Bishop said NJM had control in the T ade Union field also in that, in 5 of
the leading unions, the direct leadership and control was under full members,
candidate members and applicants for membership of NJM. Additionally, con-
trol was exercised through the legal department.
"Just consider, comrades, how laws are made in this country", he said.
"Laws are made when Cabinet agrees and when I sign a document on behalf of
Cabinet. And then, that is what everybody in the country like it or don't
like it has to follow. Or consider how people get detained in this count-
ry. We don't go and call for no votes. You get detained when I sign an
order after discussing it with the National Security Committee of the party
or with a higher party body. Once L sign it like it or don't like it -
its up the hill for them".
The late Prime Minister .said it was important to note that, while NJM had an
"alliance" with sections of the bourgeois and upper petty bourgeois (to camo-
flage the true nature of NJM), those people "are not part of our dictatorship",
"In fact, if the truth is told", ho said, "they have been oppressed by the
When working people want to hold a public meeting or picket, BisLop said,
NJM would not stoF them. When workers want to picket the Bata sh'-e Comwany,
NJ.1 approves, "bat if Bata wants to picket workers, we jail Bata".
"When 'Torchlight'(newspaper) workers want to take over the company, we sup-
port them", he said. "Not publicly and through making noise, because that
would not be in our interest. We pretend we don't know what is happening
and let the Trade Unionists do it. But if the 'Torchlight' owners try to
crush the workers, we jail the 'Torchlight' owners".
Bishop said the oourgeois, because of "their low level of class consciousness"'
did not understand what NJM was doing. There were many indications of this
lack of understanding, he said, and the bourgeois was ",sill hoping that what
we are building is not socialism but, as one of item puts it, 'Socialist
Capitalism or Capitalist Soci'lism', whatever that mpans".
Week Ending 13/10/84
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
NJM CHOSE INSURRECTION IN 1973
The decision to seize Grenada by force was taken by the New Jewel Movement
(NJM) on 11th March 1973, six years, almost date to date, before the revo-
lution of i3th March 1979.
Addressing an NJM party meeting on 13th September 1982, the late Prime
Minister Maurico Bishop disclosed this as he recounted major stages through
which NJM had developed.
Text of this address was released recently by the United States Department
of State "as the first in a series of pamphlets based on the large file of
Grenada documents found in connection with the October 1983 rescue bpera-
NJM's first stage began on 11th March 1973 with the merger of the "Joint
Endeavour for Welfare, Education and Liberation" (JEWEL) founded by Unison
Whiteman and the "Movement for Assemblies of the people" started by Bishop.
"Strategy adopted was one of mass mobilisation with seizure of power coming
through mass mobilisation, general strike, street marches and, thereafter,
insurrection", Bishop said.
The first stage, during which NJM stole 51 rifles "as part of that prepara-
tion", lasted until April 1974, Bishop said.
"That was when we decided, in theory and principle, that we should build
a Leninist party", he said, ". . but, in practice, that decision was not
implemented for many years".
In the second period, from April 1974 to June 1977, Bishop said, NJM went
through "its period of early childhood" and there was evidence of develop-
ing political and ideological maturity".
"In the time period, July 1977 to August 1978", the late Prime Minister
said, "the Party did make a qualitative leap forward in terms of Len.iist
standards and principles. That is the period when we stepped up our work
among the working class, the work was not sufficiently deep, but at least
it was startingg.
The Party "moved into top gear" during the next and fourth stage, August
1978 to March 1979, Bishop said.
"The timing was fortuitous for us", he said, "because at the exact moment
that a revolutionary situation was developing, a number of key work com-
mittees of the party began to function",,
The fifth state, which followed the revolution of March 13th 179, "had a
ljt of mass ar;._vity", shopp sa.d., and thp. u was a broadening and deepening
of links with the working people. during that period also, NJM began to
develop "a number of critical n'y, structures and conm..ttees, including the
Week Ending 13/10/84
pag 6 Tt GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending i13.184
Central committee itself, he said.
"They havl not all done well as we would have liked", Bishop said, "but the
fc.ct is that important new structures have been set up and have begam to
Bishop said that, at the time at .ghich he was speaking, NJM was entering a
new stage of the evolutionn and development. Party members would oe requir-
ed to "work on a dozen critical fronts at the same time'" rnd that meant the
ideological and organiEtional level of the party would ha-e to rise consider-
Holding power was much more difficult than taking power, he saiV, and he
wa ied that NJM -'ould not achieve its "historical task of building Social-
ism" if there was an attempt to builc the Party mi.re rapidly on the basis
of lover standards.
"As Lenin told us a long time ago", he said, 'better fe ,er but better'.
Im.nortal words that we must never forget".
SUMPHFY WANTED IT U.S.A.
Magistrate Jerome Forde or. october 6th-reserved nis d .cision in the extra-
dition case against Grel 3dian Chester ium;hre1, wanted in the United States
on a series of gun-running :charges.
Mr. Humphrey was arrested in the'United States, together with another man,
Mr. James Wardally, on February 2n.L 1979, and was charged on 6 counts in-
volving crossing state lines with wea-zns, defacing serial n mbers on wen-
ons and smuggling arms and ammunition to Gr-naA'.
The aNw Jewel M'ement ArJM' revolution took place in Grenada on 13tn :arch
1979 and, 7 months later, Humphrey and 'ardilly, who were on bail in the U.S.
aid due to appeal in court on O- iber 3rd 197W, jumped bail and arrive in
Grenada on thb day befo-e tke Court hearing was scheduled.
In the Magistrate's Court on Oc'ober 8th, (!reradn.' Barbados horn Attorney
General, Mr. Carlysle Payne, produced two witnesses. The first, Mr. Nor-
be-t "Bunny" Fletcher, permanent Secr.-tary in the Mi:-istry of Foreign Af-
fairs, testified that ai extradition treaty does exist between Gr nada and
the United States.
Mr. Fletcher said the Lreaty was signed in London or 22nd December 1991
when Grenada w_ still a colony of-the United Kingdom, there was an order
i: Council applying this treaty to the United statess and the treaty came
into *~-re or ,4 June l),5.
Tte per-tnent Secre,-- said % en "nada became irnepen. ent <_ 7th F.-b-
ruary 1974, the -hen prime Minister wrote th- Secretary Gener-aAiof the
Week Ending, i310/84
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
United Nations advising that Grenada succeeded to all treaties and agree-
ments which applied before that date.
The other witness was Cleveland Clement, a cnrooral in the Royal Grenada
Police Force. Mr. Clement said he had taken a 6 month correspondence
course in fingerprinting in 1?72 and had studied this subject for 2 months
in Cuba in 1980.
Corporal Clement said he had compared Mr. Humphrey's fingerprints with a
set of prints supplied by the U.S. Department of Justice and had found that
Appearing for Humphrey, Grenadian Barrister Mr. Robert Grant did not call
any witnesses but challenged the existence of a valid extradition treaty
between Grenada and the United States.
The treaty between the U.S. and U.K. was signed in 1931, he said, and there
was an Order in Council dated 21st March 1890, 41 years before the signing,
and, he argued, this could not possibly make the treaty valid,
Mr. Grant said also that the schedule to the treaty does not include the
crime for which Mr. Humphrey is charged-and he said the letter produced in
Court as that sent.by the Prime Minister to the Secretary General of the
United Nations was not signed nor certified.
Mr. Grant also said that it should be noted that the crimes his client is
alleged to have committed date back to 1978/79 and the U.S, authorities
have taken 6 years before they made a demand for extradition. This, he
argued, had placed his client at a disadvantage in that Mr. Humphrey could
not now call witnesses who could testify on his behalf.
Mr. Grant moved that the charge against his client be dismissed and that Mr.
Huiaphrey be released forthwith,
Replying, the Attorney General said the Order in Council validating the
treaty was made in 1935, 4 years after the treaty was signed and a copy of
that Order with a copy of the treaty had been presented t- the Court as an
Mr. Payne referred to judgements which stated that, in deciding whether Mr.
Humphrey is charged with a crime listed in the treaty, reference must not
be made to the "foreign warrant" submitted by the U.S. stating the crime
with which Mr. Humphrey is charged. What must be referred to, he said, is
the depositions submitted with the warrant. No matter what is on the war-
rant, he said, if those depositions indicate a crime covered by the treaty,
then the extradition must take place.
The Attorney General did not say what offences, in his opinion, the deposi-
tions disclose 1-ut he gave ou liie of the erts c-tered ',y thesu docu-
page 8- .IE GREN~.AD 'iISPLETTER week ending ~/1~ /84q
According to Mr. Payne, the "joint scheme" of Messrs. Humphrey and 7:ardally
started in Jun. 1978 when they opened,a joint account at Riggs Bank in Wash-
ington, D.C. and deposited large sums. Subsequently,Mr. Humphrey opened
another account in his name and transferred other sums to the joint account.
Then, said the Attorney General, there was a letter to. Mr. Ardally Cro- lpr.
puorhA-i-y in.trirctfn, him to rent a house with a garage. This garage was
used to ,lore barrels of grease, he said, and in 1978 and early 1979, the
two men bouCht weapons and stored them in the barrels.
The barrels were then taken to a welder for sealing and there.is evidence
of the first shipment being made, he said. The second shipment iws seized
by *he U.S. authorities and'fingerp, ints of the two'men were fo',nd on many
of the weapons.
With reference to the delay of the U.S. authorities in making a claim for
extradition, Mr. Payne said no time limitation applies.
"I am sure there are many valid reasons why no action was t@ken before", he
said, "but I am not going into that".
Mr.HUmphremy wasa,remanded ,n custody until October 17th.
The other person charged in the USA with Mr. Humphrey, Mr. James Nardally,
is alleged to be a United States citizen and it is said that he is now in
:.OTIOtI CHALLENGES COURT
A motion has been filed in the Grenada Eupreme Court chal1 rL.iang the vlild-
ity of that Court.
The motion, filed on October 12th on behalf of 19 persons accused of the m'ir-
der of the late prime Minister Maurice Bishop and others last October i9lh,
claims that certain laws passed by the peoples Revolutionary Guvernment
(PRG) are no longer in effect.
Guyanese Barrister Clarence Hughes filed the motion through Jamaica Barris-
ter Delano Harrison who has been associated with the Defence of these 19 per-
sois since the case was heard in a preliminary Inquiry this year.
The challenged lawa, Numbers-4, 14 and 84 of 1979, create the now existing
Grenada Supreme Court and abolish appeals to the privy Council. They also
disassociate Grcr_._a .from the 'Vcst Indies Associated States Suprem' Court
whiclo was established by the Grenada Constitution and which, up to the time
of the revolution in 1979, Grenada shared with St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Domin-
ica, Antigua and St. Kitts/Nevi3.
Week Ending 13/10/84
The motion claims that these laws are now dead because Grenada returned to
Constitutional Rule last October and the West Indies Associated States Sup-
reme Court is now the Court of the State and not the Grenada Supreme Court
which was created by the PRG.
The argument is that the PRG was overthrown on October 19th last year and,
6 days later the succeeding Revolutionary Military Council was overthrown
by the intervening military force. That being so, Grenada's Constitution,
which was suspended by the PRG of 13th March 1979, came back into force.
The motion claims also that Sir Paul Scoon, Governor General, did not have
the power to assume executive authority and appoint the Interim Government,
as he did after the events of last October, and the Grenada Supreme Court
is asked not to hear the murder case against the 19 but to stay it until
after the General Elections of December 3rd next.
An informed source told NEWSLETTER the hearing of the motion has been fixed
for October 24th, and it is not kn-:n what effect this will have on the trial
of the 19 accused. On October 9th, Grenada's Chief Justice Archibald Nedd
fixed this trial to begin on October 16th, and the source said his ruling
will be needed to decide whether or not the trial will start before the mo-
tion is heard.
The motion asks the Supreme Court to rule that the cost of the hearing of
the motion be paid by Grenada's Attorney General and Director of Public pro-
THE BISHOP MURDER TRIAL
The charge of murder against former Deputy prime Minister Bernard Co.rd and
18 others will come before the High Court here on October 16th.
This was announced on October 9th by Chief Justice Archibald Nedd as he
opened the October Assizes in the High Court in Parliament Building in
Chu.'ch Street, St. Georgets, bat Mr. Nedd said the Coard case will not be
heard in that building.
"It is clear", he said, "that 19 persons cannot be aeeommodated here, and I
have directed that another building be prepared".
That other building is located next to the Richmond Hill Prisons where the
19 accused are held, and it was in that building the preliminary Inquiry
into this charge was conducted by Chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul.
That inquiry began on 27th June last and was into the charge that 20 persons
had murdered tL_2 late Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 7 other people on
19th October last year. Those alleged to have died with Bishop are Jacque-
line Creft, Unison Whiteman, Norris Bain, Fitzroy Bain, Keith Hayling,
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
page 10 rHE GRElNAD., NEWSIL. TTER Week Endin 13/10/84
Evelyn "Brat" Bullen and Cecil Maitland.
The 20 persons charged originally are Andy Mitchell, Vincent Joseph, Calis-
tus Bernard, :,amos Richardson, Lester Redhead, Christopher Stroude, Fabian
Vernon Gabriel, Hudson Austin, Bernard Cord, Liam James, Leon Cornwall,
Johr Anthony Ventour, Dave Bartholomew, Ewart Layne, Ian S;. Bernard, Col-
ville Mcb-lratctte, j lwyn S'rachan, Phyllis Coard. Cecil Prime and Taebuln
When the inquiry came 'to an end on Au'Wust 3rd after the Prosecution had cal-
led 27 witnesses, Magistrate St. 'aul fo-.~ 1 there was i sufficiente evidence
against lan St. BernarJ and he was disch,-.ged. St. Bernard, however, faces
other ch'a-es relative to seeking o effect a change in the Gove.ament
through force of arms.
The 19 other artused wdre no. brojht to Court on October 9th and none of
the Defence team representing them at the preliminary Hearing were in Court.
The all-Jamaicao., 7-strong team -s headed by Mr. Howard Iamilton, Q*C. and
the others are Ms# Norma Iintoni Mr. A.J. Niihlolson, Mr. Farle Witter, Mr.
Deleno Harrison, Mr. Maurice Fianks:o and Ms Jacqueline Samuels-Brown.
Grenada's Jeanaica born Director of public I'rosecutions ('2P) Mrs. Velma
Hylton, QtC., told Chief Justice Nedd she had advised the LeadL of the De-
fence tqa,i that the Assizes would commence on October 9th.
"Onk (of the toam) Was in the State as recently as yes*erdayI, sLe said,
"he was on these premises".
Associated with Mrs. Hylton for t'.e Prosecution are Mr. Karl H -dson Phil-
lipr, Q.C., of Tiinidad, Mr. noodnath .ingh of Guyana, Mr. Model Adams the
Attorney General co Montserrat and Mr. Ulrc Dbougan of Trinidad. Messrs
tingh and Adami were not in Court on Ocilo.' 9th.
ASSIZI,- O'PN 1ITH POMP AND CErEMONY
The October Assizes opened in che ,igh C urt be-e on October 9th with pomp
and ceremony which has not been practiced for over a decade.
The police Band, accompanied by a Police Guard of Honour marched to music
f-ol police Headquarters, about a qujrte, of a mile away, to tie Hith Court
where they wer, inspected by Chief Justice Archibald "e&'.
Some 30.gownecd arriste's then took their places in Court following which
:r. Nt-dd and Mr. Justice James patte',on eate-.ed and took their -eats on
the Aic-Is apin-n d"4 for th' JusticeL.
TwePty-Tfive-ca4_s %ro listed.tfor : hearing. Fi-.e are for murde-, 2 f'r un-
lawful carnal 1-owledge, 8~for cau. ing harm and 10 for housebreaking, steal-
.ing and burglary,
Week Ending 13/10/84 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page11
DEFENCE LA.'IY1LS :NOT PROPERLYY INSTRUCTED"
Unless there is a change in the situation, the 19 accused in the :laurice
Bishop murder trial will not be represented by legal counsel when the case
comes up il. the Grenada supreme Court on October 16th.
In a telephone interview from Jamaica on October 13th, Mr. Howa.'d Hamilton,
Q.C. Leader of the Defence team which represented the accused in the prelim-
ina:ry Inquiry in the Magis :ates Court relative to this case, said he had
not been properly instructed".
"I cannot assume responsibility in a trial of this mr.gnitude", he said,
"without being in a position to assure the Counsel associated with me that
their fees are assured".
Mr. Hamilton, who led a 7-barrister, all-Jamaican Defence team in the Pre-
liminary Inquiry into this case, said the fees already paid by the Accused
covered appear-nces of Counsel in the Preliminary Inquiry only and separat-
arrargements have to be made f6r appearances at the trial in the Supreme
These arrangements have not yet been made, he said, and some two weeks ago
he advised crerad''s Director of Public Procecutions, Velma Hylton, Q.C.,
that he and his team had not been .-etained in this case.
One of the Defence tean, Mr. Delaao Harrison, was in Grenada at that time,
Mr. Hamilton said, anr he would be in Court on October 16th, but he would
not be appearing as a Defence Counrel,
PANAM FIRST AFTER OPENING
Tree flight; from North America are .chi&'ale' to touch down at G'cnada's
point Saline Irternational Air port when it is opened on Octc-er 28th.
This was announced in an interview on October 12th by an official of the
Grenada Tourism Department, and he said the lirst flight will be i Pan
American WJorld Airways Tri-star which should ar-rie about 5.00 p.m.
"We also have BWIA out of New York arriving later that evening", he said.
"That is also a Tri-star and, out of Mibmi, we have another BEEWEE flight,
4 DC9, arriving about 8.15 p.m."
The official said it is his understanding : that Inter-.nai '-al Caribbean Air-
ways will also have a flight into Point jaline on the eveLing of opening
day, but he r.ald not say this is certain. Air Canada is another possi-
bility, he said, brt this, too, mus- await confirmation.
The official sa-d also tLha LIAT will transfer its operations from rearls
Airport to point Saline on OctobL. 27th, ontinued-
page 12.E E EWSLLTTER. Weck E ndin 13/10/84
Grenada's hoteliers are already benefitihtf tro the new airport as, at a
ceremony on October 12thi acheque was handed over to the Grenada Hotel
Association covering bookings for persons arriving at the airport on open-
The cheque was handed over by Mr. Richard Todd of Travel profit Builders
Inc. of New York who has been working closely with the Grnada Tourism De-
pnrtrin in orcnniing package tours for the opening ceremony.
Mr. Todd aiid, in an interview on October 12th,'that an interesting sched-
ule has been arranged for these tours and, additionally, Grenadians in the
New York area have an opportunity to visit their homeland for the celebra-
tions at a very low costs
In an official press release issued on October 12th, it was announced that
the Interim Government has aplyroved the invitation list for the opening cere-
mony. That list includes the Heads of CARICOM states and representatives
of the Governments of the United States, Britain, Canada, Venezuela, Martin-
ique, Guadeloupe and Curacao.
GA RY HF:2-..ENS DEMONSTRATION
Sir Eric Gairy's United Labour Party is protecting the opening of the Point
Saline International Airport on October 28th and has thr..:ateiio to "mount
a mammoth demonstration" on that day.
This was disclosed in a letter dated October 5th signed by "true citizens
of Grenada" and sent to Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite# Chairman of the Interim
The letter refers to the Interim Governrert "s a "care-taker instrument",
and said the specific purpose for its appointment was to set up the election
machinery as quickly as possible for General Elections.
"In view of the above", the letter says, "we cannot see any jvstification.
whatever in your Ccmmittee's decision to hurriedly open our International
Airport at Point Saline with most of its facilities unfinished".
The people of Grenada, the letter continues, are disturbed by the "far reach-
ing decisions of the Interim Government and feel it has gone beyond its legal
bounds in doing what should be done b*r a democratically elected governme;.i,
"Your 'Interim Committee' has been calling itself 'Government' for such a
long time that you and your Committee are behaving as tho-gh you are a real
Government", the letter concludes.
"Please understand that you a.-: a care-t.ker body and no more".
Week Ending 13/10/84 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
TWO ON FIREARMS CHARGES
Two men appeared on October 8th before Chief Magistrate Lyle St, Paul
charged with possession of firearms and ammunition.
They are Messrs Gerljird Jonas, who carries a 'rest German passport and Mich-
ael DeCaul a Grenadian. Mr. Jonas was charged with being in possession ofa
submachine gun and ammunition while Mr.DeCaul is alleged to have been found
with a .38 revolver and ainrunition. Both men pleaded not guilty.
The police were not ready to proceed with the cases and Director of Public
prosecutions (DPP) Velma Hylton said she had not yetbeen properly briefed.
In the DeCaul case, he is charged under a section.of the law which permits
hearing either "indictably" or "summarily". Under the latter, bail must
be granted but, when this was requested by Barrister Carol Bristol appear-
ing for Mr. DeCaul, it was opposed by Mrs. Hylton on the grounds that the
charge is serious.
Mr. St. Paul reminded the DPP that, on 19th November, 1973, the late Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop and other members of the New Jewel Movement, charged
summarily before Magistrate I.I. Duncan on a similar charge, were illegally
"The Duffus Commission of Inquiry had much to say about that", Mr. St. Paul
said, "and I don't want to fall into the same bracket".
Mr. DeCaul was granted bail in the sum of EC$1,500.00 to appear in Court on
on November 5th.
Mr. Jonas, originally charged under the same section as Mr. DeCaul, had his
ch:.rge changed by Mrs. Hylton to one under which the charge is indictable
and bail is not allowed. He was remanded in custody until November 5th.
Mrs. Hylton told Mr. St. P4ul the Police investigations are still incom-
plete but, from what she has seen, the two charges are not ccnzectec:-
Mr. Jonas came to Grenada during the regime of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government and was employed oa a road construction project. Mr. DeCaul
is the son of a Grenadian businessman.
,R1IC.KS.F. ; K C' P3RICULT'?E
The Grenada Cooperative Nutrmeg Association (G,'3t) is making efforts to di-
versify its operations in order to rescue itself from a difficult economic
This was disclosed on October 12th at a Press Conference by Mr. Arnold
Cruickshank, member of the interla Government respons-ble for agriculture,
Industrial D-velopment -"d Naturel Resources. -
page 14 "': GRENAD., N.'JSLEE.TER Week Ending 13/10/84
'Several years ago, a loan was approved by the Caribbean Development Bank
for implementing a nutmeg distillation project", he said. "For one r ,ason
or another, this did not get off the ground but, more recently, the Associa-
tion has been making efforts to enter into a joint venture with a Belgian
company which has expertise in this area".
GCNA, badly hit by vorld recession, has suffered declining fortunes since
1978, a~ d Mr. Cruickshank said it is not expected there will be improvements
in the current ,"nutmeg year" ending next June. Howevr-r, he said, there has
been some buoyancy in the price of mace, the lacy red spice coverir.n the
shell of the nutmeg.
"This is, principally", he said, "because Grenadian mace quality is far sup-
erior to mace from Indonesia (;reneda's competitor on the world market),but
as far as the nutmeg itself is concerned, I want to believe the Indonesian
nutmeg-; are underselling us".
Mr. Cruickshank referred to difficulty banana producers are experiencing
relative to the low value of the foundd sterling as compared with the U.S.
dollar. The East Caribbean (EC) dollar is "tied" to the U.S. dollar, he
said, and all Grenada's banana exports are to the United Kingdom, payments
being made in pounds sterling.
"If the exch-nge rate of the pound is negatively affected in relation to the
dollar", he said, "it will affect the ultimate price banana farmers receive.
It is unfortunate, but it is one of the things we have to live with".
When the decision was taken to "tie" the EC dollar to the U.S. dollar, the
pound sterling was probably relatively stronger, Mr. Cruickshank said, but
now it is weaker in relation to the dollar and, unless the situation is re-
versed, the problem will continue.
Discussing cocoa, the third major leg of Grenada's agriculture, Mr. Cruick-
shank said the current rehabilitation project was probably "'ver designed".
"Most peopl- feel that for something to be successful, it has to be big",
he -iid, "tfy view is that you can start modest and expand".
This rehabilitation project, to which the. Canadian Government is contribut-
ing 16 million EC dollars and the Grenada Government 4 million, was insti-
tuted in 1981 and was targeted to replant 10,000 acres of cocoa.
Mr. 3ruickshank said the actual rate of Irpl-rmentPtion of the project has
not kept pace with the concept and the replantirc rate has been only 500
acres per year instead of the projected 1,500.
"It is a matter of hi.dsight", he said, "but it might have been a better
approach if we had persuaded the Canadians to provide us with a cocoa/ba-
nana rehabilitation project",
'vek.}: ndinr, 13/10/84 THE GRFN'..DA NE".3LETTER Page 15
Th,- two crops are interrelated, Mr. Cruickshank said, young cocoa plants
needing shade and bananas would have been the logical shade to use, provid-
ing a useful crop over 4 years while the cocoa plants developed, after
which the 1-nanas would have been phased out.
"You would be killing 2 birds with one stone",, he said, "and we missed the
bus on that occasion. In the recent evaluation of the project, we have
made a very strong bid to the Canadian International Development '..g'.ncy to
reconsider reconstructing the project into a banana/cocoa project,.
Mr, Cruickshank said the banana industry is in need of assistance -rnd this
is shown by the drop in production from 14,000 tons per annum 6 years ago
to the present 81000 tons per annum.
"A joint banana/cocoa rehabilitation p-rject", he said, "would have impact
on two important sectors rf th. agricultural industry".
INDU"T.rII..I GET "GR-EEPI LIGHT"
Grenada's Interim Government has giver the "green light" to several new in-
dustries to be established in the island, but this development is facing a
At a Press Conference on October 12th Mr. Arnold Cruickshank, member of the
Government responsible for -.-riculture, industrial d-velopment and natural
resources, said the Ministry of Industrial Development has considered 50
proposals in tourism and industry. These propoF1ls were reviewed by an
Investment Comnittee, he said, and recommendations were submitted to the
"Based on these recommendations", Mr. Cr, ickshank said, "Council has given
the go ahead to 18 industries. So far, 2 of them have got off the ground
and other ; are in the process of getting'off the ground. The c-nst -aint,
however, .s the lack of factory space",
Mr. Cruc'.Li,.n said efforts ;re being made to construct 4,000 square feet
of factory space from a loan ..rpplied for from the Caribbean Development Bank
and, as an interim measure, steps are being taken to rehabilitate some gar-
.:-ae sheds in the True Blue area near to the International Airport.
"This is a real problem", he.saiP, "because although we have 6iven the ii.
vestors these concessions and time frame within which they must activate
the project, failing which we will review the concessions, their excuse,
and it is a valid one, is that they don't have the factory shells to start".
Apart from indi:.try, Mr. Cruickshank said, t;e Interim Government has con-
sidered 16 projects in the tourist industry, r-inging from small guest
houses to larger hotels, and concessions have beEn given to '; or 5.
page 16 T7 GR L_ AD NL:'SLETER Wee-" Ending 3/10/84
One of t'.c industries which has started operations, he said, is Inles, an
American manufacturer of wooden toys operating from one of the rehabilfated
garages at True Blue.
Mr. Cruickshank said he is very impressed with the Ingles operation which,
within 6 weeks, had been able to train a work force of over 70 persons to
turn out high quality toys.
The other industry "off the ground", he saia, is that of the packaging of
nutmegs in small bottle for export and this will be responsible for sales
of about a million pounds of nutmegs annrlly.
With reference to the agro industrial plant set up by the peoples Revoiu-
tionary Government (PRC) for the cannnrr'; of juices and nectars, Mr. Cruick-
shank srid the plant had been closed before the events of last October and
had been severely looted of equipment and stocks after the military interven-
This agro industrial plant is one of several state enterprises reviewed by
the Interim Gov-rnmcent with the assistance of the Caribbean Development Bank,
I'.iLe of things we discovered', he said, "is that this plain t was in serious
financial difficulty from the time it b.i-an. It lost money in every year
of its existence and had to depend on subventions from tha Treasury to keep
going. 1:hcn it was closed,just prior to the intervention, based on avail-
able figures, it had lost nearly half a million dollars".
Mr. iruickshank said.the Interim Government is considering the possibility
of having the plant reopened under private sector management as it did pro-
vide an outlet for farmers' przduce and employee some 50 people.
Concerning the fishing industry, Mr. CruJcknhank said concentration now is
on an "artisinal fisheries project" which is aimed at assisting small fish-
ermen, and he wac not sure that the resources for deep sea fishing had been
properly asscss d.
The artisiaal project was started in 1;82, he said, an' the catch had in-
creased from 900,000 pounds annually then to about one and a half million
"This is a sector which has vast potentiall, he said, "aid is one in which
a number of international agencies -re interested in helping us".
Mr. Criickshank said the Fisheries School, -,hich was launched by the PRG,
was badly vand-iised after the intervention and, with reference to the 4
trawlers given to Grenada by Cuba and now tied up in St. Georges harbour,
they are not suitable for deep sea fishing.
-cor. i nued-
eek EnGding 13/10/84 THE GF:E .D;. NE'SLETTER page 17
The National Fisheries Company, started by the PRG, is another State ven-
ture which had heavy losses and was closed before the intervention, he
said, but there have been discussions with the Caribbean Food Corporation,
an arm of the Caribbean Community (C'iICC'M), with a view to setting up a
fishing project in which Grenada will participate.
GR3,iDI. ,r VJILS BOLIVR PRIZE
Miss Paula Noel, Grenadian student winner of the literary contest, "Bolivtr
his thoughts and his work", was presented on October 12th with a diploma
and a prize of one thousand United States dollars.
The presentation was made at a ceremony sponsored jointly by the Venezuelan
Embassy and the Office of the Organization of American States (OAS).
M-king the presentation was Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of the Inter-
im Government and present also was Dr. Pat Emmanuel, member of the Govern-
ment responsible for Education.
Short addresses were made by Dr. Hernan Calcurian, Venezuelan Ambassador to
Grenada, Mr. Norberto Ambros, Director of the OAS office in Grenada and Dr.
Emmanuel. Miss Noel spoke also expressing her appreciation of the award.
The contest was held throughout the OAS member states under the auspices
of the OAS and the Republic of Venezuela to commemorate the 200th anniver-
sary of the birth of Simon Bolivar.
Miss Noel is one of 10 student winners from the OAS states, the others be-
ing from Colombia, Dominica, El Salvador, Panama, Paragiry, the biited
States, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Alister Hughes Cynthia Hughes ,
13th October 1984
Printed & Publis1hd by the *-oFrietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St. leorges, Gr'-r~ da, Westindies