The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text

For The Week Ending 18th August 1984
11th Year of Publication - 305th Issue
Volume 12 Number 9

Mr. Howard Hamilton, leader of the Defence Team an the n"Murice
Bishop" preliminary Inquiry, objected strongly to an adjourn-
ment requested on July 50th by the Prosecution.

The request came from Mrs. Velma Hylton, Q.C., Grenada's Dir-
ector of public prosecutions (DPP), and it was made some 90 min-
utes before the Court was normally expected to rise.

Mrs. Hylton told Chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul that the Leader
of the prosecuting Team, Mr. Karl Hudson Phillips, Q.C. had
been unavoidably delayed in Trinidad and she had An witnesses
ready to give evidence.

"It is not enough to say there are no'witnesses available", Mr.
Hamilton said. "we could understand it if witnesses were strand-
ed in Trinidad, but it cannot be said that, in the absence of a
queen's Counsel, another Queen's Counsel cannot proceed".

Mrs. Hylton said she had been told specifically that MHr Hudson
Phillips is the Leader of the Prqsecuting Team and she has no
authority to proceed in his absence. She had been in touch with
him in Trinidad by phone and she asked Mr. St. Paul for an ad-
journment until the next morning whin she expected Mr. Hudson
..hillips to be present.

Mr. St. Paul expressed concern as to what would happen if Mr.
Hudson Phillips did not come to Court on the next day.


PrtuccwA Prirted by Aliuter Cynthia, f Huhee
P. Box o,5, t .BGeor'e1., Ga- nad, WestAlndies

S ...6 -... ..


"T cannot' see myself applying again tomorrow for another adjournmen "',
Mrs. Hylton said. "I will speak to my Leader and try not to have this
problem when we come back to Court tomorrow",

"r. Hamilton suggested that "in the unlikely event of Mr. Hudson Phillips
not being 4ere tomorrow"l MrsiHylton !cloak herself with the necessary
authority to proceed".

Mr. St. Paul granted the adjournment, expressing the hope that the delay
-ould not be repeated tomorrow.

M. Hudson phillips did return to the Court on the following day, and,
-wc days later, on A'-gust Znd the prosecution closed its case.

Leader of the Defence, Mr. Howard Hamilton, addressing the Court, said he
assessed the Prosecution's case as teing divided into three sections.

First, he said, there are the"alleged eyewitness accounts, then there are
the "cautioned statements" made by some of the accused which Mr. Hamilton
said were not given voluntarily* and then there are those who have not made
any statements to the police.

r. Hamilton told Mr. St. Paul there are 8 members of the New Jewel Move-
.ent Central Committee against whom there is "insufficient evidence" and
they should not be committed to trial in the High Court.

These Central.Committee members he named as Hudson Austin, Dave Bartholomew,
;ernard and Phyllis Coard, Lium James, Ian St. Bernard, Selwyn Strachan and
-ihn Ventour.

"f these7,Austin was General of the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) of the
ew Jewel Movement (NJM). Bernard Coard was Deputy prime Minister in the
.coples Revolutionary Government (PRG) and his wife, Phyllis, was head of
;-.e National Womens' Organisation of the IJII.

James and St. Bernard were officers in the PRA and Ventour was Secretary
-f the Grenada Trades Union Council. Strachan was a Minister in the PR3.

other Defence Lawyer, Earl Witter, made a "no case" submission onhbhalf
Raeburn Nelson, and Maurice Frankson, another Defence Barrister-nde a
similar plea on behalf of Cecil Prime. A third Defence Lawyer, Delano Har-
-ison, supported the "no case" submission made by Mr. Hamilton on behalf of
jan St. Bernard.

Other accused on whose behalf no plea was made are Calistus Bernard, Lester
Redhead, Fabian Gabriel, Leon Cornwall, Vincent Joseph, Cosmos Richardson,
,hristopher Stroude, -wart Layne, Coiville McBarnltt and Andy Mitchell.

11 of these, with the exception of Richardson and McBarnette, are known
Sb members of the PRA.


Week Ending 18/8/84

Week Ending 18/8/84 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

Richardsun may have been a member of the PRA, McBarnette we; a Junior
Minister in the PRG.

prosecution and Defence completed their addresses to Chief Magistrate Lyle
St. Paul on August 3rd and the Magistrate reserved his ruling until August

This inquiry began on 27th June last and what was to be investigated was
whether 20 persons should be committed to trial for the murder of the late
prime Minister of Grenada, Maurice Bishop and 7 other persons on.19th Oct-
ober last year.

Those seven persons are Jacqueline Creft, Unison Whiteman, Norris Bain*
Fitzroy Bain, Keith Hayling, Evelyn "Brat" Bullen and Cecil Maitland.

The prosecution led by Trinidadian Barrister Karl Hudson Phillips, called
27 witnesses and assisting in their examination was Jamaican Barrister
Velma Hylton, Q.Co, Grenada's Director of public prosecutions*

Also assisting the prosecution were Guyanese Barristers Doodnath Singh
and Odel Adams, the latter being Attorney General designate of Montserrat.

The Defence was an all Jamaican team of Barristers led by Mr. Howard Ham-
ilton Q.C. Other members of the team were Mise Norma Linton, Mr. A.J.
Nicholson, Mr. Earl jitter, Mr, Delano Harrison anA Mr. Maurioe .Frankson.

At the end of the hearing on August 3rd, both Mr. Hudson phillips and Mr.
Hamilton paid tribute to Mr. St. Paul for the able way in which he had con-
ducted the inquiry.

Mr. St. Paul thanked the barristers and said they had revived his interest
in the law which had waned over the past 2 years. Both prosecution and
Defence had been very helpful, he said, and he thanked them for helping
to make his task easier.

On August 8th, giving his decision, Chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul commit-
ted to stand trial 19 of the 20 persons charged.

The lone person against whom Mr. St. Paul did not find sufficient evi-
dence to commit for trial is Ian St. pernalc. However, there were still
charges of "conspiracy to murder" pending against him under the Terrorism
Act and he was remanded in jail until August 10th.

Those committed by Mr. St. Paul to stand trial for murder at the next
Assizes are Andy Mitchell, Vincent Joseph, Calistus Bernard, cosmos Rich-
ardson, Lester Redhead, Christopher Stroude, Fabian Gabriel, Hudson Austin,
Bernard Coa-d, Lium James, Leon Cornwall, John Anthony Ventour, Dave Barth-
olomew, Ewart Lay-ie, Colville McBarnette, Selwyn Strachan, Phyllis Coard,
Cecil Prime and Raeburn Neolon.


Page 4 THL GRENADA Ni'JSLETTER Week Ending .l/?/. 4

Before delivering his decision today, Mr. St. Paul commented that iince the
killing of Abel by Cain recorded in the Bible, murder has been the most
heinous crime known to man, and the penalty is death.

"When a Magistrate conducts a p-eliminary Inquiry to see if a case has been
made out against the accused", he said, "the Magistrate must feel sure there
is sufficient evidence for committal. The Courts must not be used as a con-
duit to send accused on to the High Court".

Mr. St, Paul said the Defence had made "no case" submissions for only 10 of
the .L- ur-.' and that meant they agreed that the other 10 did have a case to
ar-w-r. They will go on to the High Court for trial, he said*

with reference to the 10 on whose behalf the Defence had submitted that they
have no case to answer, Mr. St. Paul said he had considered the evidence very
carefully and there were 2 of the accused about whom he had to ask himself
many questions. These accused were Cecil prime and lan St. Bernard.

He had come to a final conclusion, Mr. St. Paul said, that there is suff-
icient evidence to commit prime but not enough to commit St. Bernard.

"On the charge of murder brought against -you", the Magistrate told St. Ber-
nard, "you are hereby discharged".

At this point, St. Bernard was taken from the dock and seated in the public

Mr. St. Paul formally committed the 19 accused to stand trial at the next
Assizes and they were taken from the Court and back to Richmond Hill prison.

Following their committal to stand trial each of the 19 Accused were asked
by Chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul whether they had anything to say and whe-
ther they wish-d to call any witnesses.

"You need not say anything", Mr. St. Paul told them, "but, if you do, it
will be taken down in writing and may be used as evidence at your trial".

Most of the accused said simply that they reserved their defence and that
they did not wish to call witnesses at this time, b't 4 made short statements.

"I wish to call no witnesses at this time", Phyllis Coard said. "However,
at the trial, every effort will be made to call witnesses who will display
an integrity which the majority of witnesses called at this Inquiry entire-
ly failed to display".

Ewart Layne said, "I reserve'my defence, Your Worship. I also reserve my
opinion of this Court".

Barnabd Coard also made a statement. "I am innocent of these charges",
he said. "I reserve my defence. I do not wieh to call witnesses at this


*:Veck Ending 18/8/84 THE GkhLNAD4 NEWSLETTER Page 5

The fourth accused to make a statement was Selwyn Strachan. "I wish to
reserve y defence and all other relevant comments for a higher level", he
said. Asked by Mr. St. Paul whether he wished to call witnesses, he re-
plied, "Not yet".


Grenada's Director of public Prosecutions (DPP), Jamaican Barrister Velma
Hylton, Q.C., on August 8th expressed reservations about the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law passed in 1980 by the peoples Revolutionary Government.

Mrs. Hylton was addressing chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul at the end of
the preliminary Inquiry into charges of murder laid against 20 persons for
the killing of the late Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 7 others.

Delivering his findings in the Inquiry, Mr. St. Paul committed 19 of the
accused to stand trial at the next Assizes and discharged 1, Ian St. Ber-.
nard, against whom he had found insufficient evidence to commit.

The DDP told Mr. St. Paul she is not involved in another matter in which
there are other charges against St. Bernard but, she said, she would be
failing in her duty if she did not bring this to the attention of the Court.

"These charges are under the Terrorism Act", she said, "and, speaking as
Counsel, not as DPP, it is not an Act that I particularly like but, since
it exists, I shall be obliged, within 48 hours, to give urgent considera-
tion to.whatproperly should be done",

Mrs. Hylton said she would have liked to have dealt with this matter within
24 hours but "urgent considerations" force her to extend that time to J4

Mr. St. paul said no bail is allowed under the Terrorism (prevention) Law
and he remanded St. Bernard to Jail to appear before him on August 10th.

When St. Bernard was brought before Mr. St. Paul on August 10th, the DPP
told the Magistrate she would have to advise Grenada's Commissioner of pol-
ice, Mervin Holder, what "properly ought to be done" with reference to the
charge against St. Bernard who is a former Commissioner of Police.

Mrs. Hylton told Mr. St. paul she had statements which were not produced
at the preliminary Inquiry and she will study these in detail before ad-
vising the Commissioner of police what other charges he aught properly to
lay against St. Bernard. These charges, she said, will be of less sever-

Magistrate St. Paul noted that,wwith reference to the charges against St.
Bernard under the Terrorism Law, he may not be able to plead that he has
already been charged and acquitted.


ge b THE _GREADA n11..Tr TR eekEnidiTn '//84/e

"However", he said, "I will be very interested to see how th'e 'Irned DPP
advises the Commissionir of police to act in this matter'*,

Mr. St. Paul said the same evidence which had been brought against St. r-
nard in the preliminary Inquiry, and on which he had been freed, is the
same evidence which will be brought against him with reference to the
charges under the Terrorism Law.

"How can you go around now looking for evidence?" he asked. "You have to
convince me in law that the evidence I have already taken can stund up in

Mr. St. Paul said, with reference to his release of St. Bernard from ,he
uw:rder c1hrge after the preliminary Inquiry, he has been asked by member
of the public, "how you could sit down and let the man go?"

"The liberty of the subject is my first consideration", he said. "People
muat not try to use the law for their own ends. Remember that today is
yours but tomorrow is mine".

Magistrate St. Paul remanded St, Bernard in custody to appear in Court on
August 21st, but he gave a warning.

"I am giving notice to the Court", he said, "that if St. Bernard comes be-
fore me on the charge of Conspiracy to Murder, I will not hear the case.
I will pass it on to another Magistratef".

Jamaican Barriter IDelano Harrison, holding the brief for Jamait omn Barris-
ter Jacqueline Samniale-Brown who represents St. Bernard, noted that on the
evidence before Mr. St. Paul in the Preliminary Inquiry, the Magistrate had
already ruled in favour of St. Bernard.

"To proceed with any terrorism charge now", he said, "is flagrant oppress-
ion .

DPP Hylton said that, notwithstanding her personal views about the Terror-
ism (prevention) LE', she has a du'+ to.act because that law exist.


The "International" nature of the Preliminary Inquiry into the charge of
murder against 20 persons accused of killing the late prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and others generated some lighter moments.

Presiding over the Inquiry was a Grcrn.dian, Chief Magistrate Lyle St.paul.
Seven Jamaican Barristers headed by Mr. Howard Hamilton comprised the De-
fence and a Trinidadian Barrister, Mr. Karl Hudson Phillips, headed the
Prosecution. Additionally, there wa: a Jamaicar Barrister, Mrs. avlma Hyl-
ton, and a Guyanese Barrister, Mr. Loodnath Singh on the Prosecuting team.


Week Ending 18/884 THiE GREIhNDA NEWSLETTER Page 7

The courtroom had been filled with the accents of the various countries
but this created no problems until July 25th when a Barbadian policeman,
Sergeant Darryl Weeks, took the stand to give evidence.

From the beginning, it was obvious that the Jamaican Defence team was hav-
ing difficulty understanding sergeant Weeks4 He gave his testimony in a
very pronounced Barbadian accent. First, the Sergeant was asked to speak
louder and, when that did not help, Mr. Hamilton, in a joking tone, made a
suggestion to the Magistrate.

"I think it would help", he said, "if we got an interpreter".

In the same mood, Mr. Hudson Phillips got to his feet and said he had had
a lot of difficulty understanding Mr. Hamilton's Jamaican accent, but had
not asked for an interpreter.

Which prompted Magistrate St. Paul to tell a story:

Some years ago, he said, he had had a St. Lucian before his Court for trial,
but the accused spoke nothing but French patois.

'I asked if there was anyone in Court who spoke:patois and who could inter-
pret", he s&id, "and a Barbadian man there volunteered to help".

Mr. St. Paul said the accused man kept saying in patois, "Culpable, com-
passion" (I am guilty, have mercy), and he asked the Barbadian "interpreter"
what that meant.

"The man say.he guilty", the Barbadian replied, "but he say he want com-
pensat ion". .

ftlere was another light moment when Mr. Hudson phillips became the subject
of a special "motion" .placed before Chief, Magistrate Lyle St. Paul on July
31st.-as the Preliminary Inquiry continued.

As he took his place at the prosecution's table on that day, Mr. Hudson
phillips was very elegantly dressed in an olive brown suit bf unusual de-

Collarless, and worn over a brown, black and grey pin-striped shirt with a
maroon tie, the jacket of the suit had four metal buttons running almost up
to the neckline, but was worn completely open,

At the back, the jacket had a single deep pleat running from almost as high
as the neckline down to the hem.

Addressing the Court, Defence Barrister Earle.Witter, himself attired in a
smart cocoa-brown suit of conventional cut, requested Mr. St. Paul's permis-
sion to make a statement before the Inquiry began.

One area, he said, in which the Prosecution had excelled at the Inquiry is
the area of "sartorial elegance". -continued-

Page 8 THL GRENA,\DA NZ I'LETTER Week Ending 18/8/84

"The attire of the learned Leader of the prosecution is, strictly sneaking,
outside the normal dress of these Courts", he said, "but it is deserving of
the highest commendation".

Mr* Witter said the Defence team offered Mr. Hudson Phillips "profound con-
gratulations" and hoped to emulate him.

RerlyJng, Mr. H11dson Phillips pointed out that Mr. Witter, seated at the
Defence table behind the prosecution table, was limited to the rear view of
the suit only.

"The learned Magistrate has a front view", the Leader of the prosecution
said, "and I want to assure my learned friend Mr. Witter that that view al-
so reflects the competence of my tailor".

Mr. Witter thanked Mr. Hudson phillips and said the view of the suit from
the Defence table was not only r-e-a-r but r-a-r-e.


It-was disclosed on July 28th that decision on the disposition of one con-,
stituency seat is all that prevented agreement.being reached by 3 "middle-
of-the-road parties which have, for months, been having "unity"

Mr. Herbert Blaize, Political Leader of the Grenada National Party (GNP),
said in an interview on 28th July that he had discussions on the day before
with Mr. Francis Alexis, political Leader of the Grenada Demolcratic Movement
(GDM) and with Mr. George Brizan, Political Leader of the National Demorrat,
ic Party (NDP).

"We formulated certain proposals", Mr. Blaize said, "and we agreed to pu;
them to our executives, and we should have a final decision today. GNP and
GDM have already agreed to these proposals and the NDP Executive is now dis-
cussing them".

The NDP Executive meeting ended late that day and, in an interview follow-
ing that meeting, Mr,,Brizan told NE'tSLETTER what the proposals were. It
was suggested, he said, that GNP should put up candidates for 7 of the 15
seats while GDM and NDP would each field 4 candidates. Mr. Brizan said
his Executive had not accepted this.

",Based on the work we have done to date", he said, "based on the machinery
we have established and the following we have built up in the field, we can-
not accept four seats only,"

To accept that number of seats, ho said, will mean defeat of the "moderate
cause", and his party is now open to further discussions to work out "a more
reasonable accommodation" as soon as possible. Failing this, he said, NDP



Week Ending 1N/8/84 THE GrENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9

will be forced to announce its candidates for all 15 fEnstituencies.

The "more reasonable accommodation", the NDP Leader said, involves just one
more seat for his party than those offered by the present proposal,

"We had proposed earlier on", he said, "and westick to that proposal, that
we be allowed to stand in 5 constituencies where we have done a fair amount
of work, where we have a machinery and where we have a very strong follow-

Mr. Brizan said he had assured Mr. Blaize that NDP will offer no challenge
to Mr. Blaize's leadership of any team the three parties may put together
to fight the elections.

The decision of the NDP Executive was being conveyed to the GNP, the NDP
Leader said, and he hoped early discussions would bring the agreement he
hoped for.

Further discussions did not bring agr-ement and, on August lIth the Grenada
National Party (GNP) announced in a press Release that it had broken off
its political discussions with the Grenada Democratic Movement (GDM) and
National Democratic party (NDP)'.

These discussions b-gan early last February with the aim of achieving a com-
mon front to fight the coming General Elections, and they were first dis-
closed by Mr. Francis Alexis, political Leader of the GDM who said in an
interview that he hoped it would be possible to announce a merger of the 3
parties by the end of February.

"Nhen last we held discussions with these parties", Mr. Alexis said, "the
impression they left with us is that they too believe the only way for~a~r
is through 'national unity".

The discussions appear to have gone well for, early in April, Mr. Alexis an-
nounced that the three parties, all with a middle-of-the-road ideology,
would get together under the banner of "'The Team For National Togetherness"

If elected, Mr. Alexis said, the "team"'would constitute the Government un-
der the leadership of Mr. Herbert Blaize, GNP political Leader. As a meas-
ure of his party's commitment to national unity the GDM Political'Leader
said, the GDM would cease to operate as a political party as soon as the TNT
had been assembled.

The assembling of that "team" docs not seem to have been satisfactorily ac-
complished, however, because, late in June, Mr. George Brizan NDP Political
Leader, disclosed in an interview that the three-party discussions had be-
come deadlocked. ,Nevertheless, he was hopeful then that problems could be
ironed out,

Page 1 TIL GRENaDA IJ.SSLETTER Week Ending 18/8/94

"Last week we resumed discussions", Mr. Brizan said. "These discuCsions
are continuing and I :remain optimistic that we can. face the polls as a
united whole".

There was an indication at that time, however, that the idea of a "team
for national togetherness" was dyinr. GNP and GDM published a manifesto
under the banner of the "Team for National Unityty (TNU), while NDP publish-
ed a manifesto of its ownb

The GNP press Release of August 11th issued over Blaizets signaturet indi-
cated that the hope of unity had not materialized* That Release said the
discussions had deteriorated into the "old haggling of 1976 Alliance talks",
a reference to discussions held by GNP with the New Jewel Movement of Maur-
ice Bishop and the United peoples Party of Winston Whyte which, after much
hagglingg, resulted in the "Alliance" which contested the General Elections
of 1976 and formed the Opposition in the Government.

This deterioration, the GNP Release said, is "much to the disgust of GNP
and the people of Grenada", and the GNP would hold a public meeting on 19th
August to "explain its position and expqund on the national situation".

The GNP Release did not say whether the TNT grouping of GNP and GDM is in
effect or not.

As a sequel to the GNP Press Release the National Democratic party (NDP) an-
nounced i'n a press Release on August 16th that it had selected candidates
for 11 of the 15 constituencies to be contested.

The Press Release said that, in response to the wishes of certain sectors
of the electorate, NDP has tried its best to cooperate with GNP and TNU "to
ensure success for the moderate cause in the upcoming elections".

"But NDP has had repeated frustrations in that process", the Release said.
"Much time has passed and progress has been kept back by this state of in-
decision . .

In its discussions with G:!P and TNU, NDP said, it had assured Mr. Herbert
Blaize, Political Leader of GNP, that he would be the Leader of any group-
ing the 3 parties put together and that NDP would support Mr. Blaize as
Prime Minister.

The press Release said the NDP proposal is that it be allowed to contest
5 seats, St. Georges South, St. Georges North-East, St. Davids, St. Andrews
Nnrth-west and St. Patricks East.

'Th.s has meant considerable sacrifice on the part of NDP", the Release says.
'It is a fair and most reasonable compromise to ensure success for the mod-
erate cause".

'PP said a "prominent member of TIU" signed an agreement with NDP on July
'8th accommodating NDP to these 5 constituencies, but TNU subsequently re-
acted that agreement.

Week Ending 18/8/84 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11

"Time is passing by and our supporters are becoming over-anxiousi, the NDP
Release says. "Some are even beginning to lose faith in the idea of coal-
ition. NDP is still not opposed to an electoral accommodation, but this
waiting and delay has become overbearing and is keeping back progress",

On August 15th, the NDP Release said, the Party Executive selected candi-
dates for 11 constituencies, and these persons have been instructed to
"seriously work their constituencies as official NDP candidates".

An NDP official said on August 16th that the names of these candidates will
be released shortly.

GNP has scheduled a public meeting for August 19th to "explain its position
and expound on the national situation",


The Grenada Democratic Movement (GDM), led by Mr. Francis Alexis, will be
identified with the public meeting which has %bn, called by the Grenada Nat-
ional party (GNP) to take place in St. George's Market Square on August

In an interview on August 18th, Mr. Alexis said he will be on the platform
at the meeting but declined to say whether he is carded as a speaker.

"It would be best to put that question to the GNP political Leader, Herbert
Blaize", he said.

Mr. Alexis confirmed that the alliance of GDM and GNP under the banner .f
the Team for National Unity (TNU) remains in force with Mr. Blaize as Lead-

"TNU is very much still one", the GDM Political Leader said. "As far as I
know, it was never off. If tomorrow's meeting is a GNP meeting, you speak
to Blaise, and if it is a TNU meeting, you speak to Blaize".

Mr. Alexis was reminded that, early last April, when GDM, GNP and the Nat-
ional Democratic Party (NDP) of George Brizan were discussing a united front
to fight the General Elections under the "Team for National Togetherness"
(TNT), he had said then that GDM would cease to function as a political.par-
ty as soon as the "Team" was selected.

"A lot has happened since then", Mr. Alexis said. "We are not maintaining
our identity in the campaigning, that will be done by TNU, not GNP or GDM,
but we are certainly not part of GNP at all".

Mr. Alexis was asked to comment on the stumbling block to NDP cooperation
with GNP and GDM allocation of seats and on the NDP charge that TNU
had signed an agreement that NDP would be allowed to field candidates in 5
constituencies, but TNU had gone'back on this agree.ent.

page 12 THE 3riENA. IJI..SLETTER Week Ending 18/8/84

"It was not gone back on", he said, "NDP wanted 5 seats which they iden-
tified, and we agreed to let them have 4 of those seats, and we said that,
as far as the 5th seat is concerned, St. Davids, we would have a poll tlq
fiid out which candidate is more popular".

That poll, Mr. Alexis said, would have been conducted by interviews in the
constituency, and he said he "had it from some of the top NDP people that
they considered that to be a fair implementation of the agreement",

NDP officially rejected the idea of a poll in St. Davids, the GDM Paliti-
cal Leader said, because NDP felt that, if there is to be a poll in St.
Davids, there must be a poll also in all 15 constituencies.


Mr. Herbert Blaize, political Leader of the Grenada National Party (GNP)
has denied emphatically that he and.Sir Eric Gairy, political Leader of
the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) have "hatched a plot to maintain
political power in the hands of the two traditional parties".

The report appeared in the August issue of "The New -renadisn", a newspap-
er which supports the Christian Demrocratic Labour Party (CDLP)'of Mr. Win-
ston ..'hyte.

"They (Blaize and Gairy) plan to 'nip in the bud* the ambitions of other
political challengers, Winston Whyte of the CDLP, George Brizan of the Na-
tional Democratic Party (NDP) and Francis Alexis of the Grenada Democratic
Movement (GDM)", the newspaper said.

"Thd Ne w Grenadian" said Blaize and Gairy had had a "highly confidential
meeting" but details had been "lieked" to the paper.

The paper claims that the "plot" is that GNP and GULP will each field a
full slate of candidates in the c'oirming elections, with the exception of the
constituency of Carriacou and petit :"artinique, Mr. Blaize's traditional
stronghold where, frequently, he has been returned unopposed. In that con-
stituency, according to the newspaper, GULP will not contest.

Th. paper alleges that GNP will put up strong candidates in constituencies
the Party regards as strongholds and "will allow" GDM and NDP to contest
in GULP strongholds.

"The GULP will field 14 candidates placing the weakest candidates in GNP
strongholds" the newspaper said, "in so doing it is hoped the GNP will em-
erge with 8 seats and the GULP with 7",

In an interview on August 9th, Mr. Blaize branded the report "scandalous"
and "scurrilous" a&.d said it is designed to "create utter confusion in the
country", -continued-

WYgk Ending 1i8//84 THE GRENI, DA t!EASLETTER Page 13

"I declare absolutely and definitely that there have been no meetings, sec-
ret or otherwise, between Mr. Gairy and myself", the GNP Political Leader
said. "The absolute fact is that, since just before the coup of March
1979, when Mr. Gairy's Government was overthrown, I have never seen him nor
heard from him either in.Grenada or abroad"*

Mr. Blaize said he can think of nothing on which "this diabolical story"
could have been founded because he has t spoken to, seen or had a message
from Mr. Gairy for the last 5 years.

Asked whether there is any chance of an alliance of GNP with GULP in the
coming ejections, Mr. Blaize had a short answer.

"No damned way", he said.


Four hijackers who diverted a :DC9Aeropostal Aircraft of the Venez.uelan
Government to Piarco International Airport in Trinidad on July 29th threat-
ened to blow up the aircraft if their demands were not met by 7.00 o'clock
local time that evening.

This information was broadcast by Trinidad & Tobago Television (TTT) short-
ly after 6.00 o'clock local time that evening. TTT said the demands were
made on the Venezuelan Government and they included a ransom of USD2 million.
24 dozen hand grenades and 2 dozen machine guns.

TTT said the flight was a local one originating in Margerita and there were
87 passengers on board including 7 children. TTT said the hi-jackers ask-
ed for a helicopter to evacuate the children.

"They also want refuelling facilities", the TTT announcer said, "and have
threatened to shoot anyone other than maintenance personnel".

According to TTT, reports were received that the hijackers had already pour-
ed petrol inside the plane..

TTT said Venezuela's Ambassador to Trinidad had left Port of Spain for
Piarco to negotiate with the hijackers and the airport's chief security
officer, Desmond Kerr, was in contact with the hijackers.

Another report coming out of Trinidad, from the Government Radio, Radio 610
put the arrival of the aircraft at Piarco at shortly after 3.00 p.m.

That report said the plane was on its way to Curacao and that the hijacking
was done by 4 unknown men.

Radio 610 said the ransom demand was 3 million U.S. dollars and the hijack-
ers wanted safe passage to a destination of their choice.

page 14 THE GRE .D4 NE ISLETTER Week Endin 18/8/

610 said the airport was closed and 12 flight1-. had been affected,

The plane subsequently took off from piarco and landed at Curacao., There
a combined force said to'have been made of personnel from Venezuelan and
Curacao stormed the plane and'rescued all the passengers unhurt.

It was found that there were 2 hijackers, not 4. One was from Haiti and
the other from the Dominican Republic. They were-both killed when'the
plane was stormed.

This hijacking incident had its reflections in the Magistrate's Court here
on July 30th at the preliminary Inquiry into the charge of murder against
20 persons accused of killing the late Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 7
other people.

addressing g Chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul, Mrs. Velma Hylton, QC.., Grena-
da's Director of public prosecutions, apologised for the absence from Court
of Mr. Karl Hudson phillipSt Q4C4, Leader of the prosecuting Team,

'Due to reasons beyond our control"t she said, "he is in Trinidad now but
hopes to be in Grenada later today"i

Mrs* Hylton later disclosed that Mrt Hudson phillips had been delayed in
his return to Grenada from Trinidad after the weekend because Trinidad's
International ,irort had been closed as a result of the hijacking and all
flights had been disrupted.

Leader of the Defence Team, Mr. Howard Hamilton also made apologies for ab-
sences from his team today.

Ms. Norma Linton and Mr. A.J.,Nicholson are not with us today" he said, "and
this is for reasons over which we have control".


Mr..Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of Grenada's Interim Government, has de-
nied a statement alleged to have been made y Phyllis Coard who, together
with her husband Bernard and 18 other persons, is now on a cha-ge of murder-
ing the late Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 7 other people.

Phyllis Coard's statement is in a letter alleged to have been written last
April by her and smuggled out of Richmond Hill Prison to Ms. Judith Hart,
former member of the British Parliament and then Labour Minister for Over-
seas Development. The letter was published in the July 20th issue of the
British publication "Caribbean Time"t

Ms. Hart is now the president of the "United Kingdom Committee for Violation of
Human Rights in Grenada", and phyllis Coard has made the charge to her that
phyllis' !.rty, che New Jewel Movement (NJM), the political party which con-
.rolled the former peoples Revolutionary Government in Grenada, has been ban-
ned by the authorities. -continued-

Week Ending 1'8/884 THE GREN.DA N[.'D SLETTER Page 15

"Neither the NJM nor any other political party has been banned in Grenada"'
Mr. Brathwaite said in an interview on July 28th. "Such an action would
be totally contrary to the system of democracy which now prevails in this

Mr. Brathwaite said the "remnant" of the NJM has regrouped itself into new
forms under the names of the "Maurice Bishop and Heroes of the 19th October
Foundation" and the "Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement", and these organ-
isations have as much right and freedom as any other political party in

Phyllis Coard's letter charged also that access to the 20 accused by Bar-
risters appearing for their defence had been limited to 6 hours prr week.
This charge has been refuted by Grenada's Director of Public Prosecutions
(DPP), Mrs. Velma Hylton.

Since March 27th, she said in an interview on July 28th,arrangements sat-
isfactory to Defence Counsel have been instituted.

"We met with Commissioner of Prisons Malone", she said. "With me was
Odel Adams of the Prosecuting Team and Dudley Thompson and Mrs. Jacqueline
Samuels-Brown of the Defence Team, and the Commissioner confirmed he had
agreed to permit, not just the Defence T-am, but each Defence Lawyer, to
visit his clients for a total f 6 hours every week".

Mr. Howard Hamilton, Leader of the Defence Team, in an interview on July
28th said that with no stated explanation and on an "ad hoc basis", pre-
vious Defence Counsel had been denied access to their clients by the prison
authorities. The present 6-hour-per-Leek-per-lawyer arrangcmentt is satis-
factory, he said, and he is grateful for the intervention of Mrs. Hylton
and Mr. Adams in this connection.

Mr. Hamilton commented also on another statement made in Phyllis Coard's
letter to Mrs. Hart. Coard charged that, "they are doing everything poss-
ible to ensure that we cannot got a fair trial, for example, harassment of
Defence Lawyers, including frequent searches".

The head of the Defence Team said previous Defence Attorneys had been sub-
ject to all the security measures around the Magistrate's Court to which
the general public had been exposed, including as many as 6 searches.

Mr. Hamilton said when he arrived in Grenada for the first time on June 26,
on the next day, before making contact with the authorities, he had gone
to the Magistrate's Court where he had been subject to all the security
checks and searches.

On the following day, he said, after consultation with the authorities, he
and his Defence Team had met with the Prosecution Team at a point in St.
Georges and, after both teams and their carj had been searched, they drove
together to the Magistratei', Court. When they arri-ed there, however,

Page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18/8/84

The prosecuting T'cam was allowed to go through while the Defence T'?-~ was
again subject to all the security searches.

"I protested this vigorously", Mr. Hamilton said. "And it has not hap-
pened agAin. It must be said that the present arrangements are accept-
able to the Defence and this has been as a result of the contributions made
by Karl Hudson phillips, Leader of the prosecuting Team and Velma Hylton,
Director of public prosecutions, in consultations we have had with the au-

These are not the only charges madely Phyllis Coard* Among others are that
the "major problem" faced by Grenadians is "the continued presence of foreign
occupation troops", and Mrs. Hart was asked, "please do whatever you can tq
press for withdrawal of the occupation forces".

"During the past 2 months there has been growing resentment of the foreign
occupiers"p Phyllis Coard said.. "However, people are really terrorised, so
only the youth resist openly . "

phyllis Coard told Hart that, on February 21st, she was beaten for 6 hours,
sustaining injuries to the neck and ears and, during February and March, most
members of the "party leadership" "were tortured with the aim of obtaining
,,onfessiona' in the absence of sufficient evidenceI

The full text of Coard's letter was transmitted to the Government of Grenada
by Mr* Oswald Gibbs, Grenada's High Commissioner in London.


Mr. Andre Cherr.ian, president of the Grenada Hotel Association (GHA) said to-
day Sir Eric Gairy, former Prime Minister of Grenada, has warned against any
postponement of General Elections scheduled to be held in Grenada before the
end of this year,

Mr. Cherman said, at a Conference on July 28th, that the warning came
at a meeting GHA had had with Sir Eric earlier in July.

"Gairy criticised the Hotel Association very heavily for asking for a post-
ponement of the elections", Mr. Cherman said, "and he said that if they were
postponed, there definitely will be violence in the island".

Sir Eric said also, the GHA president reported, that certain managers, owners
and directors of hotels will have to "account" for.their behaviour "trying
to undermine" his Trade Union.

Mr. Cherman said the purpose of the meeting with Sir Eric had been to dis-
cuss tourism guidelines which GHA has set out, but this did not materialise.



"We did not have any Tourism discussion at all", Mr. Cherman said, "and the
meeting was just a one-sided affair With Mr. Gairy making personal and col-
lective attacks on members of the Association and the Association itself".

One of these attacks, the GHA president said, was on Mr. Richard Gray, an
Englishman who owns the Cinnamon Hill Hotel. Mr. Cherman said Sir Eric
told Mr* Gray that he (Gray) has been in Grenada too long and that, "when
the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) won the elections", Gairy will "deal
with Gray".

Mr. Cherman said sir Eric also attacked him, accusing him of being "against"
Sir Eric's Trade Union, and threatening that "when the GULP won the elect-
ions" Sir Eric will "speak to him".

Mr. Richard Gray, GHA 2nd Vice president, said there has been no new invest-
ment in the Tourist Industry in Grenada since 1970,,which covers 9 years of
Sir Eric's administration and 5 years of the peoples Revolutionary Govern-

"My investment in Cinnamon Hill is the.last investment Grenada has known",
he said, "and, because of-the practices of the Gairy Administration,m was
able to build only 20% of my original plan".

Mr. Cherman said GHA is not backing any political party but hoteliers feel
they should say what kind of political party should have the government of
of Grenada if tourism is tao:'ucCeed.

"The Grenada Hotel Association is:.not a political organisation"', he said,
"but we have a civic responsibility and a right to say what type of govern-
ment we feel is best for the future development of our industry".

The GHA president made it clear that the past experience GHA has had with
Sir Eric, coupled with the ex-Prime Minister's current threats, make it ob-
vious to the hoteliers that Sir Eric's GULP is not the kind of party which
will bring success to Tourism in Grenada.


The first "highlight" of the manifesto of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada United
Labour Party (GULP) is, "Americans Must Stay",

This is disclosed on the front pale of the "Grenada Guardian", the GULP news-
paper, the first issue of which was sold on the streets of St. Georg4s on
August 18th under the date of 17th :ugust..

The "Grenada Guardian" says the GULP manifesto would be published next week,
and the paper quotes this document relative to the GULP attitude to the
United States.

Week Ending 18/8/84

jage 18 THE GRENAD.' NE'YSLETTER Week ading 18/8/84

tWe .shall remain. ever grateful to Prereii 4.n m,-an, the manifesto says,
"and (to). the ,rmed Forces, and all the people of America for the rescue
mission. .

The "Grenada Guardian" says that, since 1954, Sir Eric has been constantly
asking the United States .for an American presence in Grenada, and the GULP
manifesto points out that that party sees the need for the help of the Am-
erican Armed Forces in Grenada.'s defence.

The newspaper says the manifesto declares also that "British ties must be

"We shall respectfully invite the British authorities to discuss the poss-
ibility of establishing a British naval presence in the north of Grenada",
the newspaper says, "extended police assistance and technical cooperation
among other things". .

According to the 'iGrenada Guardian", other highlights of the GULP manifesto
are, "Grenada Electricity Services Ltd urgent public inquiry", Funda-
mental Rights and Freedoms Guaranteed",, "No Victimisation: No Revenge",
and "National Insurance Scheme immediate investigation".

Under the head of "No Victimisition: No Revenge", the manifesto says, "At
the same time, no new subversive activities will be tolerated in any way".


Four heads of Churches of the Conference of Churches in Grenada have called
upon Grenadians to respect and uphold the rights of others to hold their own
opinions and express them as they wish.

The heads are Roman Catholic Bishop S.dney Charles, Canon Leopold Baynes,
Administrator of the Anglican Church, Revrrend phillip Ponce, Superintend-
ent of the Methodist Church and Miss Rosemary Charles, Presiding Elder of
the Presbyterian Ch:irch.

The call was made in a message read''in all Churches on August 12th and the
heads said they felt the need to issue this message as Grenada looks for-
ward to the coming General Elections.

VWe regard such elections as decisive for our country and its people during
the next 5 years", the message said.

The. Church heads said they are aware 'that a "smear campaign" is on and, in
the interest of peace in Grenada,.they strongly deplore this as they feel
it promotes fear and cripples initiative.

,What we need in our country today", they said, "fs the practice of the vir-
tbjs of tolerance, trust, hope, love and kindness".

"*Iet.k Ending 18/8/84 TiH: GERLT!rDA NL"JSLETTER Page 19

The message reminded Gr-enaiirins that they are a Chiis'ian people, that they
must behave like Christiahs and that the world is watching developments in

"We have a splendid opportunity to teach the world that a country that has
been torn by so many evils can forgive and forget the past", the message
said "and, together, can join'-in 'building a nation for God, under God,
with God and in God, for the iFlory of God and the true development of his

The heads express the opinion that Grenada is "at the crossroads", and they
ask for prayers for the Interim Government, for the Electorate, "for the
wise and conscientious exercise of the right to voteP, and for Grenada's
"future leadersii.

"As Ministers of the Gospel chosen to serve you", the message says, "we
pledge our support, encouragement and cooperation with all who are working,
for democracy in our dear country".


HR-ils of the 4" main Churches in Grenada, Roman Catholic, Anglican, Method-
ist and Presbyterian, have issued a pamphlet of "Guidelines for political
Campaigns and Elections"4 which, they say, was prepared by the Jamaican
Council of Churches in 1980,

Th,-se "guidelines" are divided into 5 sections, the first being directed to
, party leaders and candidates". Amonq other suggestions in this section
tLere are "remind your supporters that we are all brothers and sisters",
"state publicly your abhorrence of violence", and "state publicly your will-
ingness to accept the will of. the people in terms..of victory or defeat at
the polls . ."

The second section refers to "conduct of campaign". "We call upon party
leaders to place their manifesto now, or not later than nomination day, be-
fore the nation, so that the people may be assisted to make informed de-
cisions", is one guideline. "Conduct an honest campaign" is another sug-
gestion and, Do not practice or encourage 'bogus' voting". In this sect-
ion also, candidates are advised to "oppose intimidation and victimisation",
and not to "consort with or accept protection of unauthorised.armed persons
and 'strong men'".

The third section is addressed to "voters". "Never sell your vote", the
pamphlet says. "Vote for re-iresentatives of integrity, sound character,
good sense, sound judgement persons of honour and ability", and "rem-
ember that each person has the right to his/her views support the
party/candidate of his/her choice therefore be tolerant",

Page 20 THE GRETN.,D'. :ESLETTER Week Ending 18/8/84

The fourth and fifth sections are .ci a<,pob3vsly to "responsibil-
ity of the media" and "responsibility of advertisers".

The media is asked to "give equal prominence to points of view and cl&ri-
fication", to "vet news stories to make them more objective" and to "define
the bases of your speculation".

Advertisers are told that "all advertising in support of political parties
or candidates should avoid defamation of character", that "all advertising
should be free of personal abuse and should not be designed to bring nat-
ional institutions or political opponents into disrepute", and "all advert-
ioement in- support of political parties or candidates should be in keepi.L
with the spirit of the Gospel of Christ so that we may have a peaceful ele't

Copies of the three-page pamphlet, which has a total of 37 guidelines under
the 5 sections, were distributed in all Churches on August 12th together
with a mcss-ige from the Heads of Churches of the Conference of Churches in


There was a bomb scare-at the Bank of Nova downtown St. Georges
shortly before closing timo on August 16th.

It is reported that at 3.25 p.m. a male telephone caller suggested in a
warning tone that the premises be evacuated within half an hour.

Thre was no mention of a bomb by the caller but the clerk got a rvot+. ',f
the warning when she inquired who was speaking*

"I'll put you on to the managers' the clerk caid.

"I have nothing more to say*, the caller replied before hanging up. "Just
evacuate the premises within 30 minutes".

Persons on the spot report there was no panic but, although the caller had
not mentioned a bomb, it was presumed that this danger existed and immed-
iate steps were taken to. evacuate the building.

Both the Grenada Police Force and Caribbean peacekeeping Force were noti-
fied and sent detachments to the Bank. A search was made but nothing sue-
picious was found.

%J^^a-, Ending 188/8/84 THE GRENADA' NEWSLETTER ?.ge 21


The "Grenada Guardian", newspaper of Sir Eric Gairy's trenada United Labour
party (GULP), in itsfirst issue (17th August) has given an explanation
of "the Mongoose Gang", the gang of roughnecks employed during the 1970s
by the Gairy Administration to intimidate opponents.

The World Health Organisation, the newspaper says, launched a programme in
Grenada aimed at stamping out rabies by poisoning the mongoose. Zir Eric's
Trade Union, the Grenada'Manual, Maritime and Intellectual Workers Union,
supplied the labour force for this project, and some of the people employed
were in the habit of fighting in the streets and market places ..

"The journalist, Alister Hughes, labelled these street-fighters 'Gairy's
Union Mongoose Gcng"j the newspaper says, "When the kick of that name
was wearing thin, he dropped the word 'Union' and designated them tGairy's
Mongoose Gangt "*

According to the "Grenada u-irdian", when Maurice Bishop (of the New Jewel
Movement) came on the scene "with propaganda experts", they changed this
designation and called them "Gairy's Mongoose Secret Police", and told a
lot of lies about these men and their association with Gairy..

Throughout tire 1970s, and until it was deposed in 1979, the Gairy Adminis-
tration has been associated with official violence meted criminals
in the employ of the State. This was first evident on 3rd May 1970 when
Mr. Gairy as premier of Grenada, called attention to the fact.

Black power manifestations in Trinidad spilled over into Grenada and there
was a series of fires. Reacting to this, Mr. Gairy as premier, stated
publicly that he would "fight fire with fire'.

"I am proud of the response to my call for men, whatever their record, to
come to the defense of Grenada", he said, "and some of the roughest and
toughest of roughnecks have been recruited".

These "roughest and toughest of roughnecks", dubbed the "Mongoose Gang"
by the Grenadi public because of their "rabid" behaviour, were the subject
of scrutiny by the Duffus Commission of Inquir appointed to look intoq.t~TW1
breakdown 6f law and order in Grcnada during Mr. Gairy's Administration,.

Officially called the "police Aids", or "Special Reserve police", Sir Eric
referred to the "Mongoose Gang" also, at various times as "the Voluntary
Intelligence Unit for protection of property", "Volunteer Special Guards",
"the Night Ambush Squad", and "Volunteers for the protection of Human

The Duffus Commission found that this gang, however called, was "an unlaw-.
fully constituted body of men ..,. whose qualifications for service, in
many cases, ..... was their known disposition for violence and lawlessness".

age 22 .TIIL GRENADA NEdSLETTER Week Ending 18/8/84

The responsibility for *their establishment, recruitment and control was Mrt
Gairy'se in his personal capacity, the Duffus Commissioners said, and "from
their inception and throughout the time of their existence, (they) inflicted
unspeakable atrocities upon many citizens of Grenada ..."

According to the GULP's "Grenada Guardian", however, Sir Eric was not, in a
any way# associated with the "Mongoose Gang".

"These men were not connected to Sir Eric in any way except that Sir Eric
was president of their Union"i the newspaper said, "but most of his time and
energy was devoted to his role as prime Minister. He hardly saw them",


The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) on July 25th
signed three agreements with the Government of Grenada.

The first agreement provides US$) million to rehabilitate two miles of prim-
ary roads in two key locations in the St. Georges area. This agreement al-
so covers continuance of the island-wide road-patching programme started un-
der emergency USAID projects in the island.

Labour-intensive methods are to be employed on these road projects which
will employ 140 unskilled and 25 skilled workers

Under the second agreement, the Westerhall Telephone Exchange, which was dam-
aged during the Military Intervention last October, is to be repaired. The
sum of US$400,000 has. been allocated and expenditure will include the supply
and installation of digital telephone switching equipment for 600 lines with
capacity for expansion to 800 lines.

In addition to repairs to the Telephone Exchange building, and the supply
and installation of air-conditioning equipment, the agreement covers parts
for and repair of the emergency power generator and an emergency transfer
switch for that generator.

The third agreement covers financing for a Special Development Activity
fund (SDA). This programme will'provide grants, normally limited to
Ja3,000 per project, to assist with developcenL uf small-scale activities.

"What we have in mind for assistance",. said Mr. Lou Falinot U.S. Information
Service: public Affairs Offier'in an -aterview on July 2(';h "is community
spirited groups or organisations who are economically disadvantaged and with-
out access to resources provided by other governmental sources or by com-
mercial sources of assistance".

Mr. Falino said the concept of. selff help" must be an integral part of each
project, and those who benefit .under this programme must put up at least
'5% of the total cost of the project. This percentage, he said, can be in

WVeek Ending 18/8/84 TI!E GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 23

cash contributions, goods, materials, land, labour, administrative or other
services,..6r by funding from other donors

signing the agreements on behalf of the Grenada Government was Mr. Nichol-
as Brathwaite, Chairman of the island's Interim Government. The U.S.
Charge d'Affairs, Mr. Loren Lawrence, signed for the U.S.


Negotiations between Grenada's Interim Government and Government employees
for a new wage agreement are progressing satisfactorily.

This was disclosed at a press Conference on July 24th by Mr. Charles Fran-
cis, Vice president of the Public workerss Union (PWU) and he said the
talks, which began last January, have not yet touched on the details of

Miss Jessica Japal, a member of the PWU Executive, said that, whenever the
agreement is signed, it will have effect from January Ist 1984, but she did
not know what period it would cover.

"Our agreements with Government are usually for a three-year period", she
said, "but because we have an Interim"iGovernment which is expected to be
out of office by the end of this year, the agreement now being negotiated
may be for one year only".

Mr. Francis said Government employees had been asked to give a 12 month
moratorium on wage increases but this had rt been agreed. It has been the Interim-Government, he said, that public workers should be
given an "interim increase" and not made to wait until after a Government
has been elected.

The Vice President said negotiations are being conducted with Mr. Lauriston
Wilson Jr., Director of Finance, and his response to the "interim increase"
proposal has been favourable.

Discussions on the Industrial Agr-eement are being conducted by a team re-
presenting the Public Workers Union, Grenada Union of Teachers and the
Technical and Allied Workers Union, all of which bodies represent Govern-
ment employees.


Senor Norberto Ambros, Organization of American States (OAS) Director in
Grenada, said on July 27th that Grenada's Ambassador to the OXS,Mr. Albert
Xavier, prec-c.nted his credentials today to the Chairman of the OAS Perman-
ent Council, Costa Rican Ambassador Volio Guardia.

page 24 THE GRENUDA NEWSLETTER eek Endin 18/8/84

Senor Ambros said O S headquarters in Washington advised that, in welcom-
ing Mr. Xavier, Mr. Volio said, '!You can count 2 everyone here to help
you personally and your country".

Replying, Grenada's Ambassador recalled the island's long association with
the OAS and the fact -that Grenada hosted the 1977 OAS General Assembly.

"Grenada's ideals and goals are the same as those of the GAS", Mr. Xavier
said, "and we look forward to makdiu some contribution to resolving the
problems of the hemisphere".

Ambassador Xavier, who was Editor of the drenada "Torchlight" newspaper
some time before it was closed by the peoples Revolutionary Government,was
Assistant Secretary (Administrative) to the Governor of the Windward Islands
when Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia and Dominica comprised that British

He also had held the post of permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Commun-
ications and Works in St. Lucia and, from 1964 to 1966 was Assistant Secre-
tary to Grenada's Ministry of External Affairs.

He holds an intermediate Bachielor of Science degree in Economics from the
London school of Economics.


Mr, Ivor Jackson, Coordinator- of the Organisation of American States (OAS),
team of experts now preparing an integrated physical plan for the southern
part of Grenada, said at a press Conference on July 26th that, while the
plan takes agriculture and other sectors into consideration, the main focus
of his team is on tourism.

"Everyone agrees, both in Government and the private Sector", he said, "that
Tourism is one of the most promising, if not the most promising sectors in
Grr~ada. It has the potential to generate jobs and to realise a greater
share of national earnings".

Antigua born, Mr. Jackson whose team of experts includes Puerto Rican Mr.
Luis Torres and Grenadian Mr. Joseph John, said several beaches and areas
in the southern part of the island have been identified as having great
tourist potential.

"We consider that Grenada with its attractiveness, topography, number of
beaches and so on", he said, "has tremendous potential for growth in both
land-based and marine tourism".

One of the aims of the team, Mr. Jackson said, is to help Government and the
private sector to reach agreement on realistic targets to achieve desirable
Sowth in hotel rooms, cruise ship calls, yacht calls, marine berths and
other types of yacht support services. -continued-

Week Ending 18/8/84 THE GRENADA NEWS LETTER Page 25

But to realise these potentials, he said, there is a need to create a bet-
ter situation with regard to infrastructure, especially with regard to

"That becomes a very large part of the work we are doing", the team Co-
ordinator said, "to look at infrastructure needs so that we will be setting
targets not only for expansion of rooms and yachting facilities, but also
in rcgard to infrastructure requirements",

These requirements, he said, cover electricity, water, roads, 1ewage, waste
disposal, the airport and St. George's port.

Mr. Jackson said there are a number of other factors which must be consider-
ed in trying to improve the Tourist Industry and all have to do with co-
ordination between Government ministries and cooperation between the public
and private sectors.

"We are trying to stimulate this coordination and cooperation", he said,
"because we think this is essential".

At the press Conference on July 26th, Senor Norberto Ambros, OAS Director,
3renada, disclosed that Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of Grenada's In-
terim Government, would deliver the feature address at the opening of a
one-week seminar on Integrated and physical planning which would open here
on July 30th under the sponsorship of the Org-nisation of American States.

Senor Ambros said this seminar will not be"a teaching exercise the usual
sense". It will be, he said, an activity related'to the prepreation of
the Integrated Physical Development Plan for the southern part of the is-

Senor Ambros said this plan was commissioned as part of an exercise in
planning and programming done by a high level OAS mission to Grenada last
January, and it has the full approval of the Government of Grenada.

"This seminar is of a technical nature", the OAS Director said. "There
will be some 25 to 30 people drawn from various Government Ministries and
the private sector, and the OAS team responsible for preparation of the
Plan will pass on to the participants what has been learned, At the same
time, the participants will provide feedback and put forward their own
ideas on the Plan".

Subjects to be covered by the seminar include a study of the performance
of Grenada'seconomy, the role of cultural and natural attractions in
Tourism Development, the importance and constraints of infrastructure de-
velopment and the need for ?'.idelines in land development and building


Page 26 THL GRENJADA. NJEdSLETTER 'eek Ending 18/8/84

When he officially opened the seminar, Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of
Grenada's Interim Government, said ( on July 30th) it cannot be denied that
Tourism brings benefits to a country, but unplanned Tourism can result in
serious, social, cultural and environmental consequences.

"it is not enough to think of.what we can get from Tourism in economic terms,
he said. "We must consider the various ways in which Tourism can have ad-
verse influences on our people, so that we can ensure that in planning for
Tourism and its development, we do not create serious problems in our socie-

The Chairman said consideration should be given also to the many linkages
which can be established between the Tourism sector and other sectors of the
economy, and it is very important for as many people as possible to become
involved in the Tourism development exercise,

"We must not believe", Mr. Brathwaite said, "that only a single agency has
the responsibility to plan for Tourism development We must appreciate the
role which all of us can play in the development of this important industry".

people must be sensitised, educated and made to appreciate 'certain values,
he said, and it is because .of this that he is pleased that the OAS has organ-
ised this.seminar to emphasise the importance of the integrated approach to
Tourism planning.

The seminar, which ran until Friday 3rd .:ugust drew participants from both
the private and public sectors.

instructorss included Mr. Ivor,Jacksoni Coordinator of the OA.S team of experts
now prtepring an integrated physical plan for the southern part of Grenada.
The participants were also addressed by Senor Norberto Ambros, O.S Director
-n Grenada, Mr. Terry Moore, Director of Planning attached to the Govern-
ment of Grenada, Mr. Joseph John, OAS Consultant and Mr. Carlton Frederick,
Secretary of Grenada's Land Development Control Authority.


The Director of the Organisation of American States (OAS) office in Grena-
da, Senor Norberto Ambros, on July 26th announced fellowships granted to
Grenadians in the fields of kqwaculture (Shellfish in ponds), Energy Manage-
ment and International Trade.

Speaking at a press Conference the Director said Mr. Francis Sookram, Co-
ordinator of the 0 ;S Aqu.culture project in Grenada, will leave for South
Xorea on August 1st for a three-month study of Aquaculture Technology at
e of the main institutions of that country.


Heek Ending 188//84 THE GRENADA NrEWSLETTER Page 27

The Aquaculture' Project in Grenada is one which OAS has been fundiih for
over 4 years", the Director said, "and Mr. Sookram's fellowship has been
granted jointly by the Government of South Korea and the OAS",

Fellowships have been granted also to Mr. Thaddeus Stanislaus and Ms.Lucia
Livingstone to study Energy Management, the OAS Director said. These
studies started at the university of Pennsylvania on July 9th and will last
6 weeks.

Senor A',nbros said the OAS is funding also the visit of Mr. Raphael Brath-
waite and Miss Grace Lewis to take part in an International Trade Seminar
organized by the OAS in conjunction with the University of Southern Floride
Mr. Brathwaite and Miss Lewis left here on 23rd July and will be away 3


Thc Grenada public Workers Union (PWU) announced on July 24th that the 14th
annual public Service Conference of the Caribbean public Service Associa-
tion (CFS.A) will be held in Grenada from 19th to 25th August.

The announcement was made at a Press Conference by Miss Jessica Japal, PWU
representative on the CPSA Executive, and she said the theme of the confer-
ence will be "The public Service as an Instrument for National Unity".

"Government employees in this region.were first.affiliated in the Caribbean
public Service Association", she said, "but that organisation became de-
funct in 1960, and the new body, the CPSA, was launched 10 years later at
a meeting in Barbadpa". :

There will be some 250 persons at the Grenada conference, Miss Japal said,
of which 60 will be full delegates. A Church service will be held on Sun-
day 19th at the Roman Catholic Cathedral in St. George's, she said, and,on
the 20th, following the official opening by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon,
there will be a feature address by Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chnirman of
Grenada's Interim Government.

There is also to be a special address by Mr. Alan Kirton, member of the In-
terim Government responsible for the Civil Service, and addresses are ex-
pected also from Mr. Basil Harford, PWU President and Mr. Samuel Stewart of
Jamaica, CPSA president.

In addition to confirming the minutes of the 13th Annual Public service
Conference, held in.St. Vincent last year, this year's Conference will,
among other items on the agenda, make plans for the continuance of its edu-
cation programme through to next year, and will consider proposals for mak-
ing the CFSA more effective.


*. 28 THE REND. '.SLETTER Week Ending 18/8/84

Membership of CPSA is held by the ol-'rnisations representing Govern-.ent em-
ployees in the Caribbean communities of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bar-
bados, Belize, D6rrica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St.Kitts/Nev-
is8 St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago and che

Also holding membership are the Government Employee Organisations of Bermi-
.a and the Dutch Islands of St. Martin, Saba and St. Eustatius.

Iiss Japal said Bermuda and the Dutch Islands were the last members to join
CPSA. The public Service Organisation in St. Martin, she said, has under-
taken the job of getting the Organisations in Curacao and Aruba to join the
CPS:.. but she thought that is a "mammoth task" because of the great distance
between the Dutch Islands in the Eastern Caribbean and those off the coast
of South America.


Mr. Noberto Ambros, CAS Director in Grenada, announced in an interview on
,uly 24th that Mr. Guillermo pierles, 38, who, on June 20th was appointed
Director of the Department of public Information of the OrEgnisation of Am-
erican States (OAS) would be in Grenada for the August let opening of the
OAS sponsored annual seminar fcr journalists from the English-speaking Car-
ibbean member states.

r. pierles was unfortunately unable to be present at this seminar which Mr.
mbroe said is part of the regular programme of activities of the General
.ecretariat of the OAS Office of Public Information, this year's seminar be-
ing on the subject of "photo-journalism".

afterr the OAS consulted with Caribbean member states", Mr.! Ambros said, "it
ras felt there is a need for training in this area,-and we are extremely
pleased that Gr-n-da hhs been selected to host the seminar,"

"'OAS is bearing the cost of all transportation to Grenada and a.daily cash
11owance to each participgt", Mr. Ambros said, "and the Government of Gro-
'-da'will be responsible for all other expenses of a local nature".

This seminar was designed to be a "hands on" experience for the partici-
,ants, the OAS Director said, and there would be field, trips to various
parts of the island including the International Airport project. On the
closing day of the seminar, August 5th, participants wbGld be taken to Fre-
nadais sister island of Carriacou to' cover the Annual Carriacou Regatta.

i he officially opened this Seminar on ;,ugust 1st, Chairman of the Interim
"oaernment, Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, expressed the .yiew that the profess-
c-ia' and rcoronsihbe journalist has an essential role to play in achiev-
the objectives set out in the :hr'rtor of the Organisation of American
ates (OAS). -continued-


These OAS objectives, he said, are,to achieve an .order of peace and justice,
to promote solidarity,. to strengthen collaboration and to defend the sove-
reignity, territorial integrity and independence of member states.

"perhaps th .:role of the-photo journalist is even more critical", Mr..Bra-
thwaite said, "fort as a famous photographer once-;said, 'Photography is
the only language understood in all parts of the world, it bridges all.
nations and cultures, it links the family of man"*

Mr* Brathwaite said the purpose of-the OAS-sponsored seminar is to increase
the capability of the Caribbean media in all aspects relating to informa-
tion, and to establish information networks that will allow more effective

"The presentation of accurate information enhanced -by technological pro-
gress over the last decade", he said, "has done much to bring our islands
closer together. If this seminar ca,, further this end, it wil1lhave been
a worthwhile exercise". '

This seminar was undet the direction of two experts,-Messrs Hugo Vessels
and Robert Jones. Mr. Wessels, a native of surinam# has been at all levels
of United Press International's (UPI) worldwide photo operations for the
last 25 years. For the past 12 years, he was Chif of UPI's Nevspictures
Bureau and is now embarking on his own enterprise to serve the news photo-
graphy industry.

Mr. Jones has been an Instructor at -the Radio-TV-f4lm Department of Howard
University since 1978. Additionally, he has served as Audio-Visual Pro-
duction Manager at prince George Community College in Maryland and was also
a Visiting Lecturer at Mount 1,rnhn College in Washington, D.C.

participants in the seminar were drawn from Antigua, Barbados, Dominica,
Grenada, Jamaica, St. Vincent and Trinidad & Tobago.

Present at the opening ceremony were Mr. Ambros, OAS Director in
Grenada, ?r. John Kelly, British High Commission Representative in Grenada
and Mr. Armando Rojas, Venezuelan Ambassador to Grenada.


Dr. Peter Radix, a Grenadian medical practitioner, was selected to serve on
the jury which will decide this year's award of the Bernardo Houssay inte-
American science prize.

Speaking at a press Conference on July 26th Mr. Norberto Ambros, Organisa-
tion of American States (OAS) Director in Grenada, said Dr. Radi, will
leave for Washington, D.C. in this connection on July 30th.


Week Ending, i8/8Z84

Page .29

Page 30 THE GREGADA N I1SLETTER Week Ending 18/8/84

"This is the first occasion" Mr. Ambros said, thatt a Grelnadian partici-
pates as a Member of the Jury of such an important inter-American prize".

The OAS Director said this prize is awarded to commemorate Bernardo
iouseay, an Argen'tinian Nobel Science Prize winner. The ;prize is funded
jointly by the Argentinian Government and the OAS, and :i.s presented annual-
ly to a recipient in the scientific community in the OAS countries.


Miss Paul Noel, 19, a student of the Anglican High School in Grenada, has
won the Organisation of American States (CAS) literary contest for an essay
on "Bolivar, His Thoughts And His Work".

Ten winning prizes were awarded in this contest which was open to all stu-
dents in their last two years of high school in the 32 OAS member states.
Winners receive a diploma and iS$1,000.

Entires closed last April 30th and were judged by a Venezuelan Jury which
met in Caracas to determine the winners. News of Miss Noel's award was
received on Juiy 24th by the OAS office in Grenada.

AlUister Hughes Cynthia"Hughes
18th August 1984

Printed & published by the proprietors
Ajister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St. Georges, Grenada, Westindies