The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:

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Full Text


For The week Ending 28th April 1984
11th Year of Publication - - ~lt Issue
Volume 12 umber 5

The preliminary inquiry now being held into a charge of murder
laid against 20 persons accused of killing former prime Minis
-ter Maurice Bishop and others is a "political inquiry".

This charge was made on April 25th by General Hudson Austin,
one of the accused (and formerly General of the peoples Revo-
lutionary Army) as, from the dock, he addressed chief Magis-
trate Lyle St. Paul and, he said, many things in the world are
influenced by politics.

'"Even the great Jesus Christ", he said, "was born in Bethle-
hem because of the political decision of a Roman emperor",

Among those facing this charge together with General Austin are
former deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard,.his wife Phyllis,
former members of the peoples Revolutionary Government and for-
mer top members of the Peoples Revolutionary Army.

The charge relates to an incident at Fort George last October
19th and the accusation is that they"... did commit murder by in-
tentionally causing the death of Maurice Bishop, Jacqueline
Creft, Unison Whiteman, Norris Bain, Fitzroy Bain, Keith Hayling,
Evelyn Bullen (and) Cecil Maitland ..."

This case was first called on February 22nd, but the prosecu-
tion was not ready to proceed and Magistrate St. Paul granted
an adjournment until April 4th. On that date, the defence was
not ready to proceed, claiming that insufficient time had been
given for interviewing their clients, and the Magistrate grant'
-ed an adjournment until April 25th.

P 0 acm ^ 8tQ Grehld^ W|

Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLET'T.R Week 'EndingL28/'!/'

At the start of the sitting on April 25th fencene Barri'ter Jama'i.u n.
J cquelihe Samuels-Brown, told tle Court tha',tIhe ig-s asociated wtth he
d4fence 'of 4 ersons- Two of. thes-e 4e ernard and phyllis CAart in the
ft fence of whtm she is associated "41i'th M esrs. Lionel and"Wdatrd'tluc'kbo-
The other persons she represents are Mr. Fabian Gabriel and Mr. Cosmos

Also appearing in Court on April 25th was Jamaican Barrister Maurice Frank
-son, and he told the Court that he appears for Mr* Andy Mitchell and Mr.
Vincent Joseph. Ms. Samuels-Brown bvla the vuurtc Mr. Lional Luckoe was
unable to attend the sitting as he is ill in Guyana and Mr. Edward Luckoo
( Lionel's son) is hospitalized with a fractured leg sustained. whil-.-play-
ing cricket.

The Court noted that 14 of the accused who had previously been represented
by Ms. Samuels-Brown, are now without representation and Magistrate St.paul
sought to find out from these persons how soon they hoped to have engaged

In conveying this information to the Court, the 14 touched on several poli-
tical matters, major addresses coming from General Austin and Mr. Selwyn
Strachan, Minister of Mobilisation and Labourin the Peoples Revolutionary

General Austin said after he had been "kidnapped" by the United States and
Caribbean Peace Keeping Forces, he had asked for legal representation and'
this had been refused him. He said British Barrister Sir Anthony Gifford
who he wants to represent him, has not been allowed to practice in Grenada,
and an application has been made to the Appeal Court to permit Sir Anthony
to practice here.

General Austin complained also of a "propaganda campaign" against him.
"people who don't even know me", he said, "call me a second Idi Amin and
my picture is stuck up all over St. George's labelling me a madman",

Mr. Strachan said he addressed the Court as an ex-member of the Peoples
Revolutionary Government and a current member of the Central Committee of
the New Jewel Movement, "the only political party in the Eastern Caribbean
to have staged an historic revolution".

He said he intended to use the courtroom as a platform as he had no facil-
ities for a press conference and he was critical of the "invasion" of Gre-
nada by United States Forces. The Court cannot separate the "invasion"
from the preliminary inquiry, he said, and he charged that the inquiry is
being conducted by "foreign forces".

"I am challenge i,, a ofiyigai.rrejst, by foreign forcest, he said.

,11 the accused compTained of a lack of- facilities tt-consiit Legal Counsel
and 4 complained of being tortured. Twelve of the 14 unrepresented accused

Week Ending 28/i/8. THE GRENADA I:L.'.SLETTER Page 3

requested an adjournment for 6 weeks in order to engage Counsel, 1 wanted
7 weeks and 1 wanted 12 weeks.

At the end of the sitting, Magistrate St. Paul adjourned the hearing until
June 6th, and he said he did not expect there will be any further delays
in starting the inquiry at that time*

f----. ~


When Julian Torres Rizo, Cuban Ambassador to Grenada, was thrown out of
the island after the United States and Caribbean Peace Keeping
tervention last October, he left a big problem behind.

The Cuban Embassy, located at Morne Jaloux, a residential suburb of St.
Georgets, was an arsenal. Unknown to most people, there were in the Em-
bassy over 100 rifles. Additionally, the Cubans had in the building an
assortment of hand guns, a few rocket propelled grenade launchers and
nearly a million rounds of ammunition.

Mr. Torres Rizo's difficulty was that he could not pack up this stuff and
take it with him. 'The Peace Keeping Force would never have allowed it.
So, he left the problem with Mr. Gastoh Diaz, the solitary Cuban represen-
tive who stayed behind "to look aTter Cuban interests".

Initially, while the Cuban Embassy was under close guard& by the peace Keep
-iing Force, Mr. Diaz could do nothing. But, the guard was eventually'
withdrawn and Mr. Diaz put a plan 'into action".

iNobody knew what he was up to, but the keen eyes of Miss'Viclyn Wint, a
Grenadian housemaid employed at tile Embassy by Mr. Diaz, picked up a
strange -developm10nt.

"It was early in February that we noticed a growing pile of earth in the
'ba ckyard of the Embassy", she told me. "Every morning when we came to
work it was' bigger than it had been the day before, but none of us could
figure out where it was coming from".

The fact is that Mr. Diaz as 'digging a hole through the concrete floor
of a large cupboard in one of the inner rooms of the Embassy. No doubt,
working under the cover of night, he labouriously excavated a hiding place
for the guns and ammunition. Trudging back and forth, he dug out the
mould and added it to the pile in the backyard.

Then, about the middle of March, Mr. Diaz told the housemaid, Wint, and
the other domestic staff, that he was leaving. He would go back to Cuba
on the 19th, he said, and they should come to the Embassy on that morning
when he would let them have whatever canned milk and other groceries he
had left.


Page 4 THE GRENADA NZiSLETTER oeek Ending 28/4 84

Miss Wint said that, when the staff got there on the 19th, Mr. Diaz was out
of sight but his girl friend was present. The girl friend tried, unsuccees
-fully, to find the groceries and; eventuDlly, had to call Mr, Diaz to help

"Wheh he came out to us", Miss Wint said, "his hands and forearms were all
covered with cement mortar and, from what the Police have found, I believe
-e must have been then covering up the hole with the guns".

Three days after Mr. Diaz left, the Police searched the Cuban Embassy and
discovered a large quantity of ammunition in an inner room of the building.
Apparently Mr. Diaz had not due a big enough hole to hide everything! .and
this ammunition was found in three large drums.soaking in what appeared to
be a rust-preventing liquid.

On that day., residents of the area heard a loud explosion in the Cuhan Em-
bassy compound. Explaining this, a spokesman fQr the Police said that, in
addition to the ammunition, an "object, had been found.

"We did not know what it was", he said, "and so it was detonated for security

Taking away the cache of ammunition, the police left two private Security
Guards to watch the premises. Mr. James Bowen and Mr. Dominik Williams of
the Grenada security Association hahy sharp. eyes, and their observations led
te the discovery of a still larger cache,

Messrs Bowen and Williams noticed that, in the room where the ammunition was
-ouind there was a large cupboard, the concrete floor of which looked differ-
ent from the surrounding concrete floor.

Curious they knocked on.nthe floor and discovered that, in the cupboard, the
-oncrete gave back a distinctly hollow sound. Suspicious, they reported
this to the Police who broke into the concrete, finding the rifles and' other
weapons Mr. Diaz had hidden.

Describing the hole into which he had descended to help bring up the guns,
r. Williams said it is about.5 feet deep, and some 4 feet square.

|"It was dark down there", he said, "and I was nothappy standing in the hole.
r did not know if there was anything there to explode".

at, he need not have worried. If Mr. Diaz had set up a booby trap or if
.here was a plan that someone would "find" those guns at a convenient time,
that was all doomed to failure.

defective water pipe in the Embassy yard fixed that. Hundreds of gallons
water had leaked under the foundations and into Mr. Diaz' hiding place.
nen found, the carefully stored weapons had already started to rust,

..^p -.

Week Ending 28/4/84 TrHE ,RLDA [J E.'S LETTER age


A spokesman for the Ministry of National Security said on April 24th that
ah American journalist, Mr. Don Foster, was deported from drenada for .
"security reasons"t

"Mr* Foster was given three days to leave the island', the spokesman said,
"and he left here on April 19th.

The spokesman declined to comment on a report that Mr. Foster had been;
deported because of his inqL'iries into the death of a young Rastafarian
alleged to have been shot by a policeman.

The death did take place by shooting on April 6th of a young-Rastafarian
in the Sti Andrew's parish, and police Superintendent Raphael btanialaus,
Who is in charge of that district, said today that inquiries are.being
made into this incident.

"The results of this investigation are to be sent to the Coroner", he
said',"and the decision will rest with him as to whether any further ac-
tion is to be taken"


Three Grenadian middle-of-the-road political parties are to work together
under the banner of "The Telm For National Togetherness".

This was disclosed on April 9th by Mr. Francis Alexis, Chairman of the
Steering Committee of the Grenada Democratic Movement (GDM), and he said
the other two parties are the Grenada National Party (GNP) and the Nation
-al Democratic Party (NDP).

"The idea is", Mr. Alexis said, "that the team will take full charge of
the election campaign in terms of electioneering, fund raising, promotion
and so on".

If elected, he continued, the "team" will constitute the Government under
the leadership of Mr. Herbert Blaize, GNP Political Leader. The vision
in GDM, Mr. Alexis said, is that the "team" will grow into a "solid party"I
and, as a measure of GDM's commitment to national unity, the GDM's Steer-
ing Committee has resolved that, as soon as the team for National Togeth-
erness has been assembled, GDM will cease to operate as a political party.

Mr. Alexis' statements come in the context of a statement published on
April 9th in a new newspaper, "The New Grenadian". :The statement, made
by Mr. Reynold Benjamin who describes himself as "Vice president of
the Grenada Democratic Movement" accuses GNP Political Leader Herbert
Blaize of having "abandoned" Grenadians during the tegime'of the New Jewel
Movement continued

Page 6 THE GRENADA jE .SLZTTER Week Ending 8LE/4

Mr. AleXis said on April 9th in an interview that GDM disassociates itself
completely with the statement made by Mr. Benjamin and his party totally
recommits itself to the idea of the Team for National Togetherness and,sa,.
cifically, to the leadership of Mr. Herbert Blaize.

"We used to have an International Executive", Mr. Alexis said, "but, since
we adopted our constitution last February, the only organ authorised to
speak for GDM is the GDM Steering Committee of which I am Chairman".

Concerning the Team for National Togetherness, Mr. Alexis said the idea
was first put before his partyby Mr. Blaize on April 2nd and, on April 4th
the GDM unanimously accepted the proposal and the leadership of Mr.Blaize.

"On Thursday evening,(April 5th) as I understand it, Mr. Alexis said,
"the GNP met and formally accepted the proposal and, on Saturday evening
(April 7th), again as I understand it, the National Democratic Party
Steering Committee met and accepted the proposal".

Mr. George Brizan, Chairman of the TDP Steering Committee, confirmed today
that his party has accepted the proposal of the "Team for National Togeth-

Mr. Herbert Blaize, GNP political Leader, was then in the United States
and was not expected to return before April 17th or 18th. A'spokesman
for GNP confirmed that discussions relative to TNfThave been taking place
but-deelined ,to comment further,


Dr. Geoffrey Bourne, Vice Chanqellor of the Grenada-based St. Georges Uni-
versity School of Medicine, has described as "idiotic" the charge made in
a section of the Caribbean Press that he cooperated with the Soviet tUnion
in developing mind control methods.

In an interview here on April 24th Dr. Bourne said he has been Director of
the yerkes primate Centre in the United States for a period'which. covered
the residences of John Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford and Jimmy Car-
ter and each of those residences supported the Centre to the tune of 2 or
3 million dollars annually.

'If during that period I was engaged in activities of mind control withthe
Soviet Union with the idea of using this for terrorists as has been alleg-
ed," he saidf,!"it means that what is being said is that the U.S. Government
.as backing this work"..

Dr. Bourne said that any association he had with the Soviets would have been
closelyy monitored by the appropriate authorities. Not only has he not co-
operated with anybody in the development of mind control methods, he said,
)ut he has never worked in that field. -continued-



Another charge laid against Dr. Bourne in the Press is that he "cooperated"
with General Hudson Austin of the New Jewel Movement's Revolutionary Mili-
tary Council after the massacre at Fort George on October 19th last year.

Dr. Bourne said the term "cooperation" should be defined and he thinks
anybody in their right mind would have "cooperated" with General Austin
if they had the responsibility of saving the lives of 6 or 7 hundred stud-
ents at the St. Georges University School of Medicine.

'I had a discussion with General Austin at my home and I had several tele-
phone conversations with him", Dr. Bourne said, "and this is the extent
of my alleged cooperation".

Dr. Bourne commented also on the allegation that his son peter wrote a
constitution for Grenada at the request of General Hudson Austin.

"This is another of those stupid things that is totally without meaning",
he said.

The background to this, he said, is that the Chancellor of the School, Dr.
Charles Modica, in New York, called peter Bourne and suggested that peter
help General Austin to write a statement which would help the General
"make the transition away from the Communists to the western world".

According to Dr. Bourne, peter did not write any constitution but did
draft the suggested statement. The text of this statement was read to
him over the phone but, because of the stress under which he was then,
Dr. Bourne does not remember what was said, and he never saw the text in

'The motive behind anything that was written", Dr. Bourne said, "was an at-
tempt to win General Austin over to the western world and away from the
Communists, and I don't see that there is anything wrong with that,"

With reference to the United States intervention in Grenada on October 25th
last year, Dr. Bourne said this is the most important thing the U.S. has
done for the last 10 years.

"If they had not come in", he said, "it would have been total disaster".

With reference to the attempts of the Medical School to establish a campus
in Barbados, Dr. Bourne said it is entirely up to the Barbados Government
to make the decision.

"If they want us", he said, "we will establish a campus there: if they
don't want us we will just as happily not establish one ...,

'* L

Week Ending 28/4/84

age 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 284/84 -


The United States of America is likely to pay for all damage done by U.S.
troops and the Caribbean peace Keeping Force to property in Grenada during
the intervention last October.

In a release issued on April 28th by the United States Information Service
(USIS) in Grenada, dealing with U.S. aid to the Interim Government, funded
but not yet approved, it is stated that"US$6 million will be budgeted for

The United States has been resisting payment for "combat damage" incurred
during the intervention MIs- Thelma phillips, Community Development Offi-
cer of the Government of Grenada disclosed in an interview last month, and
she said the U.S. will accept claims for "minor" damage only.

"Minor claims cover damage done by the soldiers such as when they were
searching for Cubans and ammunition after the fighting was over", she said,
"if they had to come to your house and had broken into doors and windows,
that would be considered minor damage".

A USIS official declined comment on what "claims" will be covered by the
uS$6 million but, from the size of this grant, it appears to be more than
is required for "minor" damage.

Mrs. Thelma Phillips disclosed that, up to early March,.claims for "minor"
damage accepted by the U.S. amounted to only EC$310,000

The !S$6 million grant, if approved, and if to cover claims for property
image done during the intervention, will relieve great concern among prop-
orty owners who lost or had considerable damage done to their homes.'


The United States is to help the Grenada Government get rid of .some 30
"state farms" owned by the Government.

A Press Release issued on 28th April by the United States Information Ser-
vice (USIS) in Grenada states that funding of US$2.5 million has been allo-
cated and awaits authorisation for an agricultural project "to assist with
;he divestiture of state farms".

These "state farms" came into Government's possession largely as a result
of a programme of compulsory acquisition embarked upon by the Government
of then Premier Eric Gairy in the latter years of the 1960s.

'he programme was seen as a political weapon, not only for victimisation
of premier Gairy's opponents, but also for establishment of Government
laid agricultural work forces in areas where the Government wished to be
usured of votes. -continued-


In many instances, the Gairy Government did not omponsate the owners of
estates for acquired land and, at a press Conference after the revolution
of March 13th 1979, the Minister of Agriculture-Unison Whiteman, acknow-
ledged the indebtedness of the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) in
this connection.

"In due course", he said then, "the owners of the estates which have not
been paid for will be called in to discuss suitable means of liquidating
the debt".

At that time, the Ministry of Agriculture said there were 30 "state farms"
measuring over 4,000 acres. Early last year, however, Mr. Bernard Coard
Minister of Finance in the PRG gave ,the figure of 23 farmers and said. the or-
ganisation and management of these farms, operating as Grenada Farms Corp-
oration, was very poor.

Explaining why, in 1982, the farnms had achieved only 37 7 of the target set
them, Mr. Coard said they used primitive methods of agriculture, their pro-
ductivity was low and there was no proper system of record-keeping and ac-

"This means", he said, "that Grenada Farms Corporation has not begun to
fulfil.the purpose for which it was created".


The United States Government will spend some US157 million .n aid to Gre-
nada in 1984.

Tids wds didslosed on April 28th by the United States Information Service
(USIS) in Grenada which said that, in the first phase of this aid plan'
US$1.7 million is being spent on 28 different projects.

This phase, which: includes road works, public school facilities, and pro-
grammes: for blindness prevention, solid waste disposal and community sani-
tation, is almost complete.

Other projects, already funded, approved and implemented are 5 million to
assist the island's Balance of payments, US$1.5 million to fund project
HOPE in upgrading Grenada's medical facilities. US$.4 million for train-
ing grants and technical assistance to the Grenada Trade Union Movement
and US$.) million for the private sector development assistance programme
which seeks to attract labour-gen-rating foreign investment to Grenada.

USIS said an additional EC".8 million will be devoted to logistical support
programme-wide research, consultancies and small grants.

"President Reiag.n has earmarked an additional US440 million for a number of
major development projects" USIS said. "The largest share, US919 million

Piae 10 THE GRENADA NEW3LTT eek Ending 28/4./.

wiii be devoted to completing the Polnt znlines International Airport4 An
additional US15 million will be spent on a package of health, education,
read and labour development projects and other assistance".


More than 100 potential contractors representing over 50 United States con
-structing and contracting firms arrived here on April 17th to inspect the
point saline International Airport site with a view to submitting proposal
relative to completion of the project.

The visit was coordinated by the United States Agency for International De-
velopment (USAID) which announced the visit on April 16th. USAID is pro.
hiding USt19 million towards completion of the Airport and the potential
contractors i eapedted the runway, terminal building and all related facili-

Any proposals made by the visiting firms must be submitted by May 9th and,
upon award of contracts, resumption of construction is expected to begin-
by July 1st.

U.S. and Grenadian officials have set October 25th ( the anniversary of
the intervention in Grenada) as the date for the opening of the airport
when it is expected that it will be international standards for both
day and night operation. However, several ancillary facilities not essen-
tial to basic airport operations will be'completed sometime after the Oct-
ober25th opening.

The point Saline International Airport project was launched officially on
March 9th 1980 by the peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) and, accord-
ing to figures published by the PRG, was to have cost US371 million

An estimate of the expenditure made by the PRG on the Airport up to the
date of the United States and Cnribbean peace Keeping Force intervention
is not available, but, neither the runway nor the terminal building had
been completed. The PRG expected to open the airport officially on 8th
March 1984.

Returning from a "Donors Conference" in \ashington last February, Mr. Nich
-olas Brathwaite, Chairman of the Interim Government, announced he had re-
ceived pledges of US424 million, the sum estimated as required to complete
the airport project. The US-19 million granted by the United States forms
part of this Bum and it is reported that Canada is to provide the other
USS5 million.
^ *^ "^ * ."

Week Ending 28/4/84 THE GRLNADA iJE'.JSLETTER Page


The Government of Grenada has entered into an agreement with the Trinidad-
based company of SAMOS Ltd. to construct an EC$1 million jetty at Hills,
borough, the capital of Grenada's sister island of Carriacou.

This project is to be financed jointly by the European Economic Community
(EEC) and the Government of Grenada.

"Construction of this jetty is to begin shortly", Mr. Bob Visser, the EEC
representative in Grenada said on April 28th, "and we expect the project
to be completed by Christmas".

'r-" i.S


The St. Georges University School of Medicine has donated EC10O thousand
to the Grenada Red Cross.

presentation of this donation was made at a function on April 25th when
the Vice Chancellor of the school, Dr. Geoffrey Bourne, handed over a
cheque to Lady Esme Scoon, president of the Red Cross and wife of the Govt
ernor General.

"We know in advance", Dr. Bourne said, "that this money is going to be
used in the best interests of the citizens of Grenada".

Expressing appreciation, Lt3y Scoon said when Grenada was a colony, the
Grenada Red Cross was a branch of the British Red Cross and the Governor's
wife was the president.

"As an independent country", she said, "we are moving towards a fully in-
dependent Grenada,Red Cross, and we have recently elected a new President
in the person of Mr. Godwin Brathwaite".

Lady Scoon said it was unfortunate that Mr. Brathwaite ( who is the brother
of Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of the Interim Government) was not
able to attend the function, but she was pleased that members of her ex-
ecutive were present.

The outgoing President said she would be handing over to Mr. Brathwaite
shortly and she will become a joint patron of the Grenada Red Cross, shar-
ing that position with her husband, the Governor General, Sir Paul Scoon.


Gr:Mac'a's bann:ia industry is in a da ng-rouL "spiral down" and this has re-
sulted mainly because of r.,'-.:ct in the banana plantations.

Page 12 THS 1GADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 2 84L8

This opinion was expressed in an interview here with NE'.SIETTER on April
24th by Mr. Leonard Van Geest, Ch.-irman and Managing Director of Geest In.
dustries LtdA, the United Kingdom company which is under contract to buy,
all Windward Islands bananas,

"OVer the last year'i Mr. Van Geest said, "only 860 tons of fertilizer
were used on Grenada's 2,800 acres of bananas when something like 2,500
tons should have been applied".

The Geest representative said he could not pinpoint the reasons for this
neglect# but he felt that a lack of confidence in the industry may have
prompted banana farmers not to invest their money in inputs like fertili-

"If you take any grower anywhere", he saidt "and he has a lack of confi-
dence in his future, where his land lies and whether he owns his land, the
last thing he is going to do is look after his land and his cropp,

Mr. Van Geest said he had had discussions with Mr. Arnold
ber of the Interim Government responsible for agriculture, and Mr. Van
Geest is satisfied that adequate steps are being taken by the Government
to put the industry back on its.feet.

The Geest representative said Mr. had told him that the Banana
Growers Association is being appointed and that body fi to work out detail
-ed long and short term plans to develop the industry.

Mr. Van Geest said that, in continuing to send ships to Grenada to load
banaas, his company is playing its part in helping the situation, because
with the low level of banana tonnage Grenada now produces, the operation
of ships to Grenada is not economical.

ifBut we are keeping our side of the contract", he said, "and it is our way
of showing our confidence in the future of the industry."

"Grenada's banana production, over the last year, has dropped from 10,000
to 8C00O tons per year, Mr. Van Geest said, "and we are now having a great
problem with fruit which ripens on the ship during the voyage to the United

This results from a number of factors, he said, but mainly it is as a re-
sult of a lack of control of "leaf spot" disease and, out of every 100 tons
of bananas shipped out of Grenada, some 12 to 13 tons are lost from this
"ship ripening".

All of these problems have been discussed with Mr.
representative said, and his company is hopeful that there will be real
-mprovements in Grenad;'s production and quality of fruit.

"Grenada is now the drag on windward Islands bananass, Mr. Van Geest said,
'both in quality and production, and we cannot afford to import into the

Week Ending 28/4/84 TI: GRENADA NEWSLETTER pge

U.K,, incurring the heavy costs of distribution and shipping and, at that
point, find that we have a ,roiuct that is very difficult to sell at a
very low price".


Dr. Stan Friday, Commodore of the Grenada Yacht Club, said in St.George's
on April 18th that the Easter Regatta was likely to be the biggest event
staged by his Club for many years.

"Nine boats started this morning from Union Island in the Grenadines rac-
ing to St. George's for the Coca Cola trophy", he said, "and there are
another 12 to 15 yachts coming from islands to the north to take part in
the races in Grenada".

Dr. Friday said some 20 boats were starting from Trinidad that afternoon
racing to Grenada for the "Girl Pat" trophy and, additionally, about 15
other boats were expected from Trinidad to send the Easter weekend here.

According to Commodore Friday, his Club first held the Easter Regatta in
1962 and this event has been staged every year except 1982.

"During the years of the revolution", Dr. Friday said, "there were many re-
strictions put on sailing around Grenadasa coasts, and over the past few
years, yachtsmen have not been keen to come to this island,,.

The programme published by the Club showed that, in addition to Dinghy and
Windsurfing events, there would be 3 main races. The first, to take place
on Friday, covered the south coast and was open to Ocean Racing classes '
1 and 2 and to the Cruising class.

The Ocean Racing boats were required to sail to Calivigny Island, off the
camp of the now defunct peoples Revolutionary Army, and cover a distance
of 19 miles. The Cruising class, those boats not designed specifically
for racing, will have a shorter course, 12 miles, around Glovers Island.

The second race took place in St. Georges outer harbour on 21st April and
was a triangular race of about 18 miles. This race was also open to all

The longest race was on April 22nd for the Carl schuster Memorial trophy.
This race, open to all classes, involved both the south coast and a run to
the west of the island, the Ocean Racers covering 24 miles and the Cruisers

"The Grenada Easter Regatta has developed a reputation for being a 'fun'
occasion', Commodore Friday said, "and many yacht owners in the southern
Caribbean come here at this time to join in the event because there is a
ulch joy In getttag together as there is the jOy J f winn'"lt "*-ntnud-"

i L

age 14 THE GRZ.ADA NEdSLETTER Week Ending 28/4/84

Easter time is a,traditional time for a large influx of visitors to Gre-
nada and Commodore Friday thought that, after the slump in Grenada's tour-
ism) suffered especially last year as a result of the events of last Octo-
ber and the intervention by United States forces and the Caribbean Peace
Keeping Force, the Regatta should assist in rebuilding the industry.

"After our doldrums", Commodore Friday said, "this could be considered as
Grenada's coming out party"*


,The Trinidad entry, "Loose Goose", skippered by Mr. Geoffrey Gransaul,
was, the winner of the Coca Cola trophy, the first event of the Grenada
Yacht Club Easter regatta.

First across the finishing line was another Trinidad entry, "petite Ca-
reme" which was sailed by Mr. Rawle Barrow, and this boat finished the
course from Union Island in the Grenadines to St. George's in an elapsed
time of 5 hours, 15 minutes and 45 seconds.

However, with a handicap factor.of .869, the corrected time for "petite
Careme" was 274.31 minutes, and this placed the boat fourth in the finish-
ing' rder.

"Loose Goose" was third across the line on elapsed time but her handicap
factor of .826 gave her a corrected time of 268.02 minutes and landed her
the Coca Cola trophy.

Second across the line and also second on corrected time was 'Angelique II",
a Barbadian entry sailed by Mr. Jack Hoad. This boat carried a.handicap
factor of &834 and had a corrected time of 271.01 minutes.

Another Barbadian entry, ",Jay Star", sailed by Mr. Pa~ Toppin, was fourth
across the line on elapsed time but, with a handicap factor of .805, had
a correctedtipe of 271.01 minutes which placed her third in the race,

An official of the Grenada.Yacht Club pointed out the closeness of,the
finish on .corrected time, there being less than 7 minutes difference be-
tween the first and fourth boats in a race which the facted lapsed time
was over 5 hours.

The second event of the Grenada Yacht Club Easter regatta, the "Girl Pat"
trophy,, started in Trinidad on the .afternoon of April 18th and the, first
boats were expected to be crossing the finishing line before dawn on the
'"~ G



The yacht "Merlin", sailed by Trinidadian Mr. Rupert Grimshaw, capturedd the
first place in the Ocean Racing class in the "Girl Pat" trophy Trinidad-to-
Grenada race which ended here on April 19th. First in the Cruising class
was "Panache" sailed by Trinidadian Mr. Eugene Achoxig.

This southern Caribbean racing classic, which has been an annual Easter
event since 1962, is open to all classes, each boat being assigned a "time
correcting factor"(TCF), a handicap figure arrived at through a complicated
calculation worked out on the boat's measurements. The classes are di-
vided into "Ocean Racers" and "Cruisers", the former being built as rcir.g
machines while the latter are more suited to pleasure cruising.

First across the finishing line in an actual time of 627.98 minutes ("elap
-sed time", in the jargon of the sport) was the Cruising yacht '"angaroa"
sailed by Grenadian Mr. Champie Evans. This boat has a TCF of 1.000 and
its "corrected time", arrived at by multiplying its "elapsed time" by its
TCF (1.000) is 627.98, a figure equal, in this case, to its "elapsed time".

Racer "Merlin" has a TCF of .776 so that, when its elapsed time of 769.40
minutes is multiplied by its TCF, the resulting corrected time is faster
than any of the other 28 boats which started the race.

Second in this class with a TCF of .785 and a corrected time of 601.13
minutes was "Lisa" sailed by Trinidadian Mr. Richard James while "Andante"
carrying a TCF of .756, chalked up a corrected time of 612.00 minutes in
the third place. "Andante" was sailed by Mr. John Knox, a Britisher bas-
ed in Trinidad.

In the Cruising class, the winner, "panache" carried a TCF of .756 which
resulted in a corrected time of 603.30 minutes, a time nearly as good as
the second place boat in the Ocean Racing class.

Second in the Cruising class was "Commotion" sailed by Mr. Geoff Avery,
an American based in Trinidad. This boat has a TCF of .734 and clocked
a corrected time of 606.26 minutes, a better time than the third placed
boat in the Ocean Racers.

Trinidadian Mr. Max Awan skippered "Hooligan" to a third place win in the
Cruising class, carrying a TCF of .795 and producing a corrected time of
613.25 minutes.

The boats faced the starting line on April 18th afternoon off the Trinidad
Yacht Club and sailed through the night over the 100 mile course to the
finishing line in St. George's Harbour.

Skippers spoke of a fair sea between Trinidad and Grenada with waves of
about 2 metres and, except for a light spell between 21.00 and 23.00, the
wind was about 17 to 20 knots.


Except for two boats, all entries were monorIal.. The exceptions were the
Trimaran "Archangel" sailed by Trinidadian Mr. Malcolm Ross and the Cata-
maran "Carib Ranger" sailed by Trinidadian Mrt David Josa. Both these
oats are in the Cruising class and crossed the finishing-line, on elapsed
time respectively second and fourth of all the entries.

"Ardhangel"4 with a TCF of 1.000, was 17th on corrected time in the Cruis-
ing class while "Carib Ranger", TCF 8.50, was 12th in that class.

li-ter Hughes

*. .,,) '~

Cynthia Hughes

28th April 1984

printed & published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes,Journalists
of Scott Street, St.George's,Grenada, Westindies

Week Ending. 28/4/84

St Georges
'^ i(J1 R0ai O6y Y.& GRENADA
5.- / / \ 30th June 1984

Dear Subscriber, t /4 /V1c1.

For a number of reasons, tRwsieFrTTR has fallen far be-
hind in promptness of publication. Expansion of the scope of re-
porting, travel for business, personal and national reasons and, most
of all, the events of last October have prevented issues from reach-
ing you as early as we would have liked.

While we are aware that most of our subscribers value
NEWSLETTER, primarily, as an accurate record of Grenadian events and
are willing to wait for it, the same is not true of all. Por some
subscribers, the continuing lateness of NEWSLETTER is not acceptable
and we have, therefore, devised a plan which we hope you will approve.

Together with this letter you will receive NEWS-
LETTER's issue for the week ending 30th June 1984. This brings you
the latest news but does not cover events of past months. NEWSLETTER's
coverage of those events, together with the long overdue Anr.iersar7
Supplement of 17th August 1983, are now being prepared and, unless
we heAr from you, will be sent to you as soon as they are ready.


Thanking you for your patience and assuring you of
our continuing efforts o make NEWSLETTER interesting and useful

-/ Sincerely,

lister Hughes ynthia Hughes J

...........****f ********................

July 1984

Dear Alister & Cynthia Hughes,

Please NO NOT -send me/us any
publications of NEWSLETTER dated prior to 30th June 1984.


.*.ee 0 00 & a00* * *t. ..** .

Full Text