The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:

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Full Text


For The Week Ending ?th Aril 1984
11th Year of publication - -30th Issue
volume 12 Number 4


Counsel for the Defendl e a charge of murder brought a-
gainst 20 persons accused of killing Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and 7 other persons last October 19th, have 'com-
plained that they have been denied reasonable acessa to
hold discussions with their clients.

Jamaican born barrister Jacqueline Samuels-Brown told Chief
Magistrate Lyle St. Paul in Court on April 4th that she re-
presents 1q of the accused persons: and, until last Tuesday,
the Prison Authorities had allowed her only 3 hours per week
to interview her clients.

That time has now been extended to 2 hours per day, 3 days a
week, she :taid, and, while she feels this is still inadequate
-access, she is "grateful to the Prosecution for obtaining
this further privilege".

This'case first caine before Magistrate St. Paul on.February
22nd last when charges were laid against 18 persons. Seven
of these, Messrs. Fabian Gabriel, Andy Mitchell, Caletus "Ab-
dulla" Bernard, Vincent Joseph, Cosmos Richardson, Lester
"Goat"' Redhead and Christopher stroude were accused of murder
-ing Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 5 other persons last
October 19th.

The other 11, Bernard and Phyllis Coard, Hudson Austin, Leon
Cornwall, Lium James, Ewart Layne, Dave Bartholomew, John
Ventour, Colville McBarnebte, lan St. Bernard and Selwyn Stra-
chan, were accused of conspiring together with others to com-
mit an act of terrorism which caused the death of Bishop and
2 others. -continued-

P 0 Bx 65, St..eog.... Greha, a-t itlr ta








At that time, the prosecution said it was not ready to proceed and Magis-
trate St. Paul adjourned the hearing until today (April 4th) when the ac-
S-r 4^ r : I ..; . F%-,-% ?. ; -
ius d wer again brought before qim, thie time ln a sici.l courtroom set
-n a muniy Cent. close a~ Richmond Mi1 pri.saP .
* 1 8 .. ... ij .,* "

In addition to the ,original 18 persons, two more Mnq Cecil Prime and Mr.
Raeburn Nelson, have beeh arrested aid'-targedvand all 20 have now been
jointly accused of murdering Maurice Bishop, Unisn' W teman, JapqJa ine
Creft, Norris Bain, Fitzroy Bain~1, Keith HaylingS Cecil Mnitland and Evelyn

The charges of conspiracy to murder laid against Mr. Bernard Coard and oth-
ers under the Terrorism Act have not been dropped but, at the request of
the prosecution have been allowed to "remain on file".

Both Ms. Sam*els-Brown and Guyanese barrister Mr. Lloyd Luckhoo, who is
associated with his barrister son Mr. Edward Luckhoo in the defence of Ber-
nard and Phyllis Coard, ( the only 2 accused not represented by Ms. Samuels-
Brown) argued today for an adjournment after the Prosecution told the Court
it was ready to proceed.

Ms. Samuels-Brown and Mr. Luckhoo told Mr. St. Paul they need at least 2
months briefed by their clients and Mr. Luckhoo 'said further that
the Magistrate should adjournthe hearing until aftfr the General Elections
scheduled for later this year ii Grenada. .

According to him, the accused cannot be given a fai.rhearing now in the
circumstances obtaining in the island. Mr. Luckhoo said a fair hearing
cannot be given until a -"cnsatitutional Government" has been elected. "The
legislative powers are hanging ly a thread" he said.. He charged that the
Grenada police are being "directed -rom the outside.' and that the -situation
is not normal because "there are foreign troops on Grenadas soill.

Mr. St. Paul did, not agree with Mr. Luckhoo and said the. requested. adjourn
-ment for 2 months'is too long. He adjourned the hearing until April 25th.

After the adjournment, Ms. Samuels-Brown said she is still concerned over
the ;lack of "reasonable access" to her clients, and she feels that the date
set by Magistrate St. Paul for the start of the preliminary inquiry "illus-
trates in a dramatic way" the need for an expansion of the facilities giv-
en t. her.

"The problem", she said, "is that the person who exercises this discre-
tion is not an officer of the Court and, therefore, is less subject to the
Magistrate's directions".

the Prosecution is being'led by Jamaican Ms. Vilma Hylton, Grenada's Act-
ing Director of public Prosecutions and with her are associated Mr. Odel
Adem, secontd s-. o hisx post 3-?Abt'dey. CAral of Montaserrat, and Mr.
tillman Thomas te i land's Greneda .born Crown Counsel,

week Ending 7/4/84 THV GRIZVADA NEWSLETTER Page 3


Twenty persons appeared on April 4th in a Magistrate'* Court to answer a
charge of murdering prime Minister Maurice Bishop and others' In their
difficult position, these accused persons probably didn't notice or care
about it, but they were part of an'operation never seen before in Grenada.
Never beforein the history'.of the island'has a courtroom been subject to
such heavy security.

First, the regular Magistrate's Court in the heart of St. George's was'`ot
used. Its location is too vulnerable and, instead, a special courtroom
was set up in a Community Centre on a hilltop near Richmond Hill Prisons
where the accused persons are held.

Then, thepolice issued special regulations. These governed notonly tra
-fficin .~he:viw i ity f. the, courtroom ,bAt,~also aircraft in the, area.. .
From. early in the nrning, no vehicular- traffic could be around there with-
out a special pass, and a "no flying area" of some 3 square &iles was cre-
ated in the airspace above the courtroom.

The general public could not attend the hearing before the Magistrate utt
special passes were issued to relatives of the accused and to the media.
The passes permitted entrance to the courtroom but there was no casual wav-
ing of a pass and a straight run in. A series of check-points .had to be
negotiated and that took more than 30 minutes to achieve,

The first check-point was nearly half a mile away from the courtroom, At
this point one's pass was scrutinised and one's car was searched by some
of the dczen or so soldiers there. ("Do you have a camera or tape recorder,
sir?"). Then the walkie-talkies came into play and clearance was got
frpm a mysterious, scratchy voice which was quite unintelligible to un-
trained ears,

permitted to drive a few hundred yards, one came to the second check-point
where.there-were more soldiers manning a road block and making further in-
spectjon of passes. 'gere, one was told that, at this point, one had to
abandon,one's..vehicle. "Just park it on the side of the: road, sir, it
will be".

A few-hundred more yards (struggling on foot now) and check-point 3 was en-"
cosutered. Once more a cluster of, soldiers, once nor the cbeckiag of
,**ars oare mr*e -the alki.-t&lki drill .ad, oao mezr a bit of a wait
.until the scratchy voice said "O.K.".'

Not too much time spent at the 4th check-point some yards further on but,
at check-point 5, it looked bad for anyone in & hurry to get into Court be.,
ftow* the proceedings began. Here their' was a small tent with beaches and,
alt tough the courtroom 14a in siht, there was no moving obt with apid.

Page 4 T E_ GIiRETADA _SLETTER Week Ending _7/1/4

"Please have a seat, sir. ight:there on the hiolLt under the tent, sir.
Just wait your turn,,sir. Sorry about the inconvenience, sir, but you'll
soon be through, sir".

A pretty young lady seated at'a desk writes -names and other information in-
to a large book and, finally, one's turn comes -and one 'is allowed to move
on to check-point 6,' ":'ow, this-is an electronifC check.' 'One is frisked
by one of those little hand-held things they use at airports that squeal
piglike when they pass over your belt buckle.

"please empty your podkets4 si:i Yesl the wallet and keys too, please sitr
This won't take a moment, siri'i

Then, it's all over, you're cleanani add you're free to enter the Courtroomi
The routine did take some time but it was worth itt Ohe got- the feeling
that* in th9ee thofboughy checked out circumstaces, a subversive would-
have had a bit of trouble trying to-be subversive And, who wants a sub-
versive to be subversive, anyway? Especially when you are aroundli !


Mr. George touison, former Minister of'Agticuiture'in the -peoples Revolu-
tionary GovernPerit of the New Jewel Movement "(NJM), said in an interview
with NEWSLETTER on March 13th that "Revolutions come out of cotncete bon-
ditions" and he would not speculate as to whether the NJM revolution of
13th March 1979 could be repeated.

"If 'there is a repeat of the kind of repression Gairy would have been en-
gaged in", he said, "i'f there is massive repression in this Obuntiy, once
the material conditions are repeated there is every chance of people reoog-
aising that they need to free themselves".

Mr. Louison speaking onn the 5th anniversary of the NJM March 13th Revolu-
tion, which violently overthrew the government of Sir Eric Gairy, said the
future with respect to revolutionary struggles in Grenada can be known only
when the "concrete conditions" are there.

Referring to the 'Maurice Bishop and 19th October Martyrs Foundatibin (an
otfrlhAc1t h {e, byl" iJM!!r ai iiI iS s -vim r usate k 'to8'r
sof sPrive Z'shoprWdd wet yWb iemf MrrId- sir aMfr *. i-eo.4 ast ,e
Mr. Louison said the Foundation wabt't b'ht l relaltfo & i Ca b t
has not been possible tb contact Havana.

-' "Fid el& strd Fid"a Ia Yery ifon'bu rAble ard'and l]e memoriall for M atfridC B shp ,
a 'tie ai,"d 0 4a'a ooe ~6f the fe '6Yrntii'\s in :bF"'i w6 't' h~~d r e n
| ic i al ''iW ro-tifyrrttfortAdrie ip$'Tt 'p ** I ,o-' :i,

7v n before Bishop died, Mr. Louison said, the Cuban party and government
,iade it absolutely clear they would not support che "Bernard C8nr.cliqauet',


their conduct has been exemplary in this crisis and he thought they would
support the' Foundation.

The ex-Minister of Agriculture said those behind the Foundation would like
to discuss the matter with the Cuban party and government but, in his case,
he does not have a travel document. He said his passport was taken "either
by the Revolutionary Military Council or the Invaders" and, even though he
has applied to the Immigration Department for a new passport since last
November, it has not beet issued to him and, every time he has to travel,
he is given a "one-shot document" which must be handed in at the airport,

Mr. Louison said he will apply, "at some point", for a document to visit
Havana, but he does not know what the reaction of the authorities will be
to thi#.

The Foundation is, at the. present time., not in touch with the Soviet Union,
Mr. Louison said, but he and his colleagues "have nothing against the So-
cialist countries", and the Foundation would like to have relations with
similar organizations in various parts of the world.

"We cannot expect Government relations, even in Cuba", Mr. Louison said,
"because of the fact that the Foundation is not a government or a political
party, and the Foundation will not become a party".

If a political party emerges from the remnant of NJM, the ex-Minister said,
it will be completely separate from the Foundation and will not necessarily
be comprised of the people in the Foundation because the Foundation is open
to "anyone who would like, in any way, to identify with the life and work
of Maurice Bishop".

Should a political party emerge, Mr. Louison could not say what its ideol-
ogy will be or whether it will seek relations with Cuba. He thought those
decisions will depend on "what the party is all about".

"I can tell you", he said, "that if I were part of a party that were to be
in power in this country in the future, I would build relations with coun-
tries far and wide".

Mr. Louison would be very interested in having relations with Cuba, with
the socialist countries and with the non-aligned countries, he said,: and
he would want to see a foreign policy which is broad in scope and enlighten
-ed in its approach to international politics.


Mr. George Louison, former Minister of Agriculture in the peoples Revolution
-ary Government and a prominent member of the New Jewel Movement (NJM),
said in an interview on March 13th that he cannot now give a "clear answer"
to the question of what NJM's future is. -contnue

eek Ending 7/4/84

page 6 TH-L GRNADA IEWSLTTER week Ending 7/84

Mr. Louison said that, last October, NJM was split into 2 sections one -.sp-
porting Maurice Bishop and the other Bernard Coard, The Coard section,h he
said, committed "vicious crimes" against the people and Mr. Louison thought
that section has no political future.

"The other section, which supported Maurice Bishop", he said, "continues to
have to do a number of different things before it can decide what is its pol-
itical future".

Tbe people in the Bishop.section, he said have to discover what level of
popular support there is for them and they have to put together a proper
tpam to work with. Those people, he continued, also have to see what pro-
gramme can be 'put forward and;to'assess their individual political futures.

"All of these aspects we have not yet decided", Mr. Louison said, "we are
still assessing the situation,. When that is done, we will be able to tell
you whether or not we are going to be in p political party and what it- i.

"r. Louison said NJM ceased to function last October and he does not know
6f any efforts to get it functional now.


"We must understand. who we are, we must understand that, as a result of the
sacrifices of our ancestors, we are a people with'history, that we are a peo
-ple with dignity, we are a people of a past and are a people of a fundament-
al future, that we will overcome, that we will build Grenada and that we will
again, have our freedom."

These sentiments were expressed on March 13th by Mr. Kendrick Radix, promin-
ent member of the New Jewel Movement (NJM), as he addressed a crowd of less
than 100 persons gathered to celebrate the 5th anniversaryof the NJM revo-
lution of March 13th 1979.

"To those who pretend that they are ruling this country in the name of the
1renadian people", he said, "we give this message. Grenada belongs t tthe
Grenadian people. In this name, Grenada, it is also a hand-grenade that
can explode with freedom, a hand-grenade which is a small munition but is
capable of giving freedom in the world".

Mr. Radix said those present at the celebrations should not be disappoint-
ed because their numbers were so small because, "when democracy is restor-
ed" in Grenada, there will be thousands to celebrate with NJM.

The plan had been to h-ve a-oultura' show to celebrate March 13th, he said,
out the Interim Government haa made public statements designed to confuse
the minds of the'drerfadian people and difficulties -had been put :in the way
,f bringing Oalypsor.ians in from other islands. : -continued-


"If they had democracy", he said, "there would have 'been no ban on the art-
ists coming to Grtnada. If they had democracy, calypso is calypso, they
could have come and sing their calypso".

Mr. Radix said the people of Grenada should be celebrating that day with
millionss and millions of people around the world", the opening of the new
international airport at Point Saline.

"But we will also announce: the formal opening of our international airport
which was, in fact, opened on 25th October last year (the day the U.S. in-
tervention began)," he said, "but we declare it open today",

No amount of money which the Interim Government or the "Yankees" give can
compensate for bringing military aircraft into Grenada's civilian airport
at Point Saline, he said, and he was emphatic as to what name that airport
should carry.

"Let us collectively tell the people bof Grenada", he said, "let us collect-
ively inform ithe children who are the future of our.nation, let us take thd
opportunity to inform the entire Caribbean and the world that, no matter hew
much money is given for the international airport, that airport must be
called the Maurice Bishop International Airport".


The first issue of a new newspaper "The People's Heroes" was sold on the
streets of St. 'George's on March 10th. Published by the New Jewel Move-
ment (NJM) under the name, "Maurice Bishop and October- 19th Foundation",
the publication is to be a monthly and its front page editorial explains
its purpose.

Too often in the past, it says, Grenadians have not kept records of the
life and work of the island's talented sons and heroes, and too little has
been written and documented of their ideas, achievements and struggles.

And the editorial rfetw~ to two premintni NJN sembes who &let. threi lives
on October 19th last when the NJM's peoples Revolutionary Army massacred
scores of Grenadians at Fort George.

"Certainly", the editorial says, "Maurice bishop and Unison Whiteman, for
15 years, were totally integrated and grounded with the people of Grenada.
Teey made sacrifice on behalf of the Grenadian people. Their rich exper-
iences need to be catalogued and preserved for our people present and yet

In addition to recording the life and work of Grenada's "most talented sons
and heroes", Bccording to the editorial, the publication will "link the
Grenadian population which supports and follows the example of Maurice Bish
-op with the millions abroad who respected and admired him. -continued-

Week Ending 7/4/84


NJM launched the 'Maurice Bishop and Uoather 19th Mnrtyrs Foundation" last
January 21st and, at that time, former Minister of Agriculture in the peo-
ples Revolutionary Government (PRG) George Louison said the Foundation will
put together different forms of recognition "for the names of our glorious
leaders who were so brutally gunned down on October 19th last year"l

A front page article of the "people's Heroes" says most Grenadians are
still "shell-shocked" by the events of last October, and'the paper says
"'everyone who supported, admired or respected Maurice Bishop and the mar-
tyrs must come forward and give assistance to the Foundation",

That-article says also that' there is "official silence" on Maurice Bishop's
work and the work of the "martyrs".

"riot a word from the Interim (Government)", it says. "Not a word on the
o'adio or press tohonour them. Instead, every effort is made to create an
atmosphere as if Maurice Bishop never lived".

The paper asks whether anyone can think seriously of completing the Inter-
national Airport project at point Saline and behave as though it was not
Maurice Bishop who mobilised all the finance and everything else to bring
4t where it is today.

The centre-spread of the 8 page publication carries pictures of 12 persons
believed to have died at Fort George on October 19th last at the hands of
the NJM peoples Revolutionary Army. These include Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop, Minister of Foreign Affairs Unison Whiteman, Minister of Housing
Norris Bain and Minister of Education Jacqueline Creft. The pictures car-
-y the caption: "Yes, they can:kill our bodies, but they can never kill the
spirit of a people fighting for their liberation".

'he "people's Heroes" says two activities had been planned to mark March
13th, the 5th anniversary of the 13th March 1979 "evolution of the New Jew-
-,I Movement.,

"Had this revolution not been destroyed by the power-hungry Bernard Coard
clique", the paper says, "our people were expected to celebrate its 5th
aniyerae.ry; in grand style"., ... * .. ,

The two activities which were to take place on March 13th, the paper said
vere an: exhibition highlighting the progress of the revolution and a cul-
"uaral show featuring local and regional calypsoniaris.


.Nicholas Brathwaite, chairman of Grenada's Interim Government, return-
to the island on T ebruary 26th with financial pledges in his pocket as-
aring completion of Grenada's International Airport project at Point Sal-

Week Ending 7//84 TE GRENADA NEWSLETTER age 9

"At discussions which were held at a meeting sponsored by the World Bank
between donor countries and recipient Caribbean countries", Mr. Brathwaite
said in an interview with NE~SLETT7l, "Grenada received pledges for the
completion of the, airport project".

The Chairman said estimate of the cost ;of completion is US$24 million but
he declined to identify the countries making this money available. Within
the next few weeks he said, simultaneous announcement will be made in the
capitals of those countries and in Grenada.

Mr. Brathwaite said his Interim Government had voted EC0200,000 recently
to perform work on the project which would enable the LIAT airline to use
the Point 3aline airport. He was unable to say when work would be started
on that phase of construction.

The Point Siline International Airport project was first announced on 18th
November 1979 when the late prime Minister Maurice Bishop said his' govern-
ment had had discussions with several countries and organizations on the
question of ai'd for the project:

"The best offer we have at this time that can help us to make a start this
year has come once again", Bishop said at that time, "from the one country
that has rendered the mIost assistance to our revolution over the past 8
months, the revolutionary government of Cuba.

The building of the airport ias launched officially on March 9th 1980 and
a rock blast wao set off on March 30th of that year in the presence of the
Prime Minister and a group of officials to mark the start of the heavy work.

The first estimate of cost of the new airport was given by the Project Mana-
ger, Ron Smith in February 1980. At that time, he said it was difficult
to arrive at a firm figure but he thought the cost would be "of the order
of US$60 million".

The most recent estimate was given in a schedule to an agreement in 1981
under which the peoples Revolutionary Government borrowed US$5 million from
the Government of Iraq for the project.

That schedule gives the total cost as USO71 million, of which Cuba was to.
have provided 33.6 million. According to the schedule, the Grenada Treas-
ury was to provide 14.2 million and various amounts were to be received
from the Organisation of petroleum Exporting Countries, the European Econom-
ic Community, Venezuela, Algerie, Syria, Libya and "other sources".


In a letter to Governor General Sir Paul scoon received on February 28th,
President Ronald Reagan has given the assurance that the Government of the
United States is committed to the "timely completion" of Grenada's Inter-
national Airport project at point Saline. -continued-

Page 10 TI:E GRENADA 1NE4SLETTER Week Ending 7/4/84

Broadcasting to the nation over Radio Grenada on February 29th Sir Paul
disclosed this and said Ujnited States.assistance will be forthcoming to
ensure early completion of the project.

"president Reagan fully supports our aim to have this facility operation-
al as quickly as possible", he said, "so that the Grenadian people can bene-
fit from its commercial availability, and the president has directed the
Charge d'Affairs at the American Embassy here to stay in close consultation
with the Chairman of the Interim Government so that work can proceed as
quickly as practicable".

The Governor General said it is his hope that the International Airport
will be operational by the start of the winter season.

Sir Paul said Grenada's economic situation continues to be a matter of great
concern and, at his request, the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) had pre
-pared an economic re ort on the country. This report, he said, formed
the basis of discussion at a donors conference held recently in Barbados
under the auspices of the CDB. Sir Paul said that, later, at a similar
conference held in '/ashington, Mr. Nicholas Brathwaite, Chairman of the In-
terim Government, successfully led the Grenada delegation.

Mr. Brathwaite returned to Grenada from the Washington Conference on Feb-
ruary 26th and announced then that he had received pledges for completion
of the airport project. He declined then to name the countries providing
that support but Sir-Pauls statement tonight indicates that the United
States is one of them.


The Grenadian police, in cooperation with the Caribbean peace Keeping Force
(CPF), have discovered a major arms cache in the now vacated Cuban Embassy
in Grenada.

This was announced on April 3rd in a Press Release issued by the Govern-
ment Information Service (GIS), and the release says the discovery was
r:ade on March 23rd and 26th after the Police received reports that attempts
had been made to .enter the unoccupied Embassy building.

"The report was made by a Grenadian guard placed at the facility after the
Juban charge departed Grenada on March 19th" the release says. "During
the course of his rounds, the guard discovered what he believed to be a
closet with a false bottom".

According to the release, investigations revealed an arms cache under the
alse closet floor and this cache included over one million rounds of am-


Week Ending 7/4/64 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11

Also found wore"at least"'":9"'M_16 rifles, 40 AK-47 rifles, numerous 'hand
guns of various'sizes, three rocket propelled grenade launchers and'ammrdii

The weepohs were put :on display on April 5th.


Over 100 persons died at Fort George last October 19th when the Peoples
Revolutionary Army of the New Jewel Movement turned its guns on a crowd
assembled there.

This'Was disclosed on March 8th in an interview with Mrs. Thelma Phillips,
chief 'ocia anid Community Develobment Officer of theGov0ernmient of Grena-
da, and she said continuing inquiries -are being-made in this connection

"Wha-'we have''been doing is keeping'in touch with the Ministry of Health
who are doing the parishes through the Health Visiting Stations", she said
"so we have not got the full figure yet".

Mrs. Phillips said it is difficult to be certain'of an exact figure be-
cause-some people'are reluctant to report the pdosible death of relatives
and friends at'Fort George, but the approximate figure is 112 dead and she
received a yet unconfirmed report today of an additional 5 children from
one family.

With reference to' the official figure released -by the United States author
-ities of 45 G'readians killed during the Caribbean'Peace Keeping Force
rescuee Mission" last October, Mr.s Phillips i- doubtful and thinks the
figure may be higher.

"That first weeO after the ?5th October", she saitR, "I went d;wn with aome
soldiers into: the Gallirte/Tr Bjjl ~-er-za tuea rthe Point Saline airport
site) and there we found dead bodies and I gave orders to the undertaker
to go down and bury them".

Mrs. Phillips said it is impossible to tell exactly how-lnany people died
ir that area because there were bits and pieces of bodies strewn over the
area and they were in an advanced state of decomposition .

"Up there smelt awful", -she said, "and the .Aericane had to send a plough'
to plough the land to get'rid of the smell".

One family who lived in the' alliste area, Mrs. phillips said, had given
her the details of what had happened in the location where 5 or 6 houses
had been completely destroyed.

"On the morning of .the -nterveantle wheb- hey ieelz* ed what w** happening""
she said', they 'sta-ted to leave their hme 'and found that the Cubane had


: - j

page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLiTTER Week Ending 7/8

run in and around their pig pens, fowl coops ,ana under their houses firing
at the airborne troops as they came in on the airport strip".

The family told Mrs. Phillips they had lost one of their number shot and
killed as they were trying to escape and several other people had died at
that location.

I feel there is still some doubt about the number of Grenadians who died
during the Intervention", she said.


Grenadians have submitted 580 claims on the United States Government for
US$100.25 million for property damage and lives, lost during the "Rescue
Mission" undertaken by the U.S. last October.

This was disclosed in an interview on March 8th by Ms Thelma Phillips,
Chief Social and Community Development Officer of the Government of Grena-

The figure quoted, she said, is a very rough estimate of which some 50 mil-
lion relates to property damage. Some 33 million is not for combat damage
but the estimated cost of land to relocate persons who lost their homes in
the area near the International Airport site and who would have had to be
relocated anyway. The remainder covers compensation for loss of life,

Originally, it had been generally understood that the United States Govern
-ment had said it would pay for all damage done, but Ms. phillips said the
U.S. will not pay for combat damage and will accept claims for "minor" dane-
age only.

"Minor claims cover damage done by the soldiers such as when they were
searching foreCubans and ammunition after the fighting was ovey' she said,
"if they had come to your house and had broken.into the doors and windows,
that would be considered minor damage".

To date, she said, the U.S. authorities have accepted claims for EC$30
thousand covering minor damage.

"But I believe the United States authorities are trying to help," she said.
"Colonel John Murray, who visited Grenada earlier, returned to the island
late last month with a T.,V. crew, and he told me a; presentation is being-
prepared in a drive to get donors ,to: a relief: fund"'

Ms Phillips said the T.V. team took pictures Of the bombed out areas and
interviewed people whoa suffered lo ,s and the production i- to be shown
in the United States. ..

iI. still JWve.hope hbj* tiLw gest a e tlpfl. she4A-aid, I i,;hAe1e been
-.elling at.Tnepople to lie pfatieiAt dt' may. take- some time, :btt I'believe -we

Week Ending 7/4/84 TH Ga'PADA NEWSLETTER : 13

will get help. The Americans .have helped 'a much as they can within the
limit of their regulations and they have made: promises which I think they
will keep"


The Caribbean Conference of Churches (CCC) and the Council of Churches, Gre
-nada (CCG) have moved closer to settling an estrangement which has exist-
ed between the two bodies.

Following the Caribbean Peace Keeping Force intervention in Grenada last
October, CCC publicly condemned the intervention while CCG welcomed it,and
this has promoted a coolness in relations.

It was disclosed on March 8th, however, that as a result of a visit here by
a CCC team, CCC and CCG have drawn closer together.

Reverend Dr. Leslie Lett, head of CCC's Church and Society Unit, who was
part tf the visiting 0CC team, said in an interview on March 8th "The local
Churches have-gotten a'lot off their chest that had to come off. They had
ito say what tiey said. It was really entirely needed and, in so far as we
were able to do that, a lot of the air has been cleared".

Dr. Lett Baf the purpose of the CCC team's visit to Grnahda at that time
was to discuss with CCG'what the priorities are with respei t tb project de-
velopment, r Thbse priorities, he said, had been set out at a meeting early
in October last, but, because of the events in Grenada in late October,
there had to be different thinking and CCC must now find out what CCG prior
-ities are.

Discussions to arrive at these priorities, Dr. Lett said, had not been ham-
pered by the rift between CCC and CCG, but the Grenada body had raised the
issue of the relationship between the two bodies.

"They (COG) have never at any time seen that issue as something that could
; < ,'g:. ',- --f.: -j ;-'V.0 '*>- ;:is t i U j ra .:le 1 ,, -.I :)''.,
prevent cooperation in the present and future", Dr. Lett said, "and what
they were very anxious to do was to explain their own misgivings, explain
why they take the position that they take, and we have used the opportunity
to express: (1) our understanding, (2) that we accept the-complete sin-
cerity of what they are saying and (3) how we arrived at our position as

In addition to meeting the COG and several of its sub-committees, the team
met Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, some individuals and a representative
of the Government Information services.
4, * 1- .- !

age 1 TilE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending7L4/84


The walls of St. George's have erupted in a rash of graffiti which pulls no
punches, spares nobody and traces some of the island's political history.

Soon after the intervention by the Caribbean peace Keeping Force on 25th
October last, most of the New Jewel Movement (NJM) wall slogans exhibited
over the last 4 years, were painted out by unknown hands. Almost overnight
"Join the N.Y.O." and "Forward ever, backward never" disappeared and were
replaced by new messages.

"tGod bless America" and"America we love you" appeared reflecting Grenadians'
gratitude that they had been rescued after the horror of the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Army massacre of October 19th. And, until January, that was a-
bout all. Grenadians went through an apolitical period in which they simp
-ly basked in a new freedom.

Then on January 21st, two things happened shattering the mental calm and
setting the island an the threshold of a new era. The first was that de-
posed Prime Minister Sir Eric Gairy (who had been in exile in the United
States since the NJM revolution) returned to Grenada, ,.The other was that
NJM launched the "Maurice Bishop and October 19th Martyrs Foundation" to
keep alive the memory of slain prime Minister Bishop and those who died with

Since then, the wall artists have been busy. Using spray-cia paint, they
have spread their political messages. "Welcome back Gairy" and "We want
Gairy" were quickly followed by "No way Gairy" and "Gairy is trouble".

And the politicians have not been allowed to forget their past., Under the
pro-Gairy sign of "We want Gairy", has been painted at one site, "For 'Murder"
and at another, "For Duffus"*

the first instance is an obvious reference to the charge of conspiracy to
murder which was, at one time, pending against Sir Eric because of his as-
iociation with the activities of a gang of criminals, the "Mongoose Gang,,.

Referaoce 4 '"Duffusta is to the Duffus Co mission Of Inquiry into the break
-down of law and order and police brutality in Grenada when Sir -ric was
-rime Minister. That Commission found that the Prime Minister had been
personally responsible for the establishment, recruitment and control of
this gang of thugs, the "Mongoose Gang", which for years terrorized Grenad

Nor was the New Jewel Movement allowed to forget its past. "Bishop sold
is to Russia" condemns the late Prime Minister Maurice Bishop for his Com-
munist leanings. Another slogan refers to the traumatic events of 19th
october last when scores of Grenadians died at the hands of the NJM army,
No Jewel Communist Murdererh Never Againu,-it.says.



Generally, the slogans appear to indicate a swing away from the left.
"Leftist in Government", says one, making a swipe at some unspecified body
or bodies in the Interim Advisory Council. The same trend appears in a
slogan which brands the Grenada Democratic Movement as being qf the same
ideology as the left-wing NJM. "GD': is NJM agent" it says.

This thought is carried through to involve the Grenada National Party (GNF)
which has been having talks with GDM with a'view to a merger. And it re-
fers to the 1976 General Elections when GNP and NJM teamed up to fight Mr.
Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party. This slogan says:"GNP join leftist
again". Not even the Queen's representative is immune from the prod of
the paint pot. The artist's spelling is imperfect but Governor General
Sir Paul Scoon has found his place in the writings on the walls. "rir
Paul desive (sic) us", he says, but.he does not say how sir Paul has de-
ceived Grenadians.

Other signs say, "KGB behave", "No Gairy or Jewel Killers", "No Jewel
Communism, No Gairy Fascism", and "When aligned to a doctrine, prepare for
the backlash",

But one short sign sums up most Grenadianst feelings in the aftermath of
some 15 years of political unrest and in their concern for the future.

It says simply, "OH GOD, HELP US".


Mr. Andre Cherman, President of the Grenada,Hotel Association (GHA) said in
an interview on April 6th that his organisation does not want to see Gener-
al Elections held in Grenada any earlier than May of 1985.

"The Interim Government has announced that we are to have elections before
the end of this year", he said, "but, for a number of reasons, the members
of my association are opposed to this".

Mr. Cherman said one reason is that, should there be any violence during
the election campaign, not only will the 1984/85 tourist winter season be
affected badly, but the resulting publicity is certain to hamper future in-
vestment in the Tourist Industry".

"Another strong reason for delaying the elections until next year", he said,
"is that there should be sufficient time given to the electorate to find out
the backgrounds, affiliations and manifestos of the political parties".

The GHA President said if the elections are held this year as planned, there
will not be enough time given for this and his Association has conveyed its
views on this to Mr, Nicholas, rathwaite, Chairman of the Interim Govern-
ment who is also Minister for Tourism.

Week Ending 724/84

page 15

page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Endixg 7/4/84

"We have had discussions with the Interim Government1, Mr. Cherman said,
"but we have the impression that, unless our protests are supported by other
bodies and the general public, no change will be made and the elections will
be held this year".

This is not in the best interests of 3renada, the GHA president said, and his
organisation hopes the Interim Government will hold a referendum on the mat-
ter at the earliest possible date*

GHA's views are a reflection of the thinking of most Grenadians, he said, and,
if a referendum i held, he is certain it will show that a large majority
would prefer to see the elections held next year.

Mr. Cherman said further that GRA is seeking an interview with Governor Gen-
eral Sir Paul Scoon to discuss the matter.


The Organisation of American States (OAS) on April 3rd made a presentation
of some US$45 thousand worth of equipment to the Interim Government of Gre-
nada for use in the educational, scientific and cultural development of the

The presentation was made by Mr. Norberto Ambros, Resident OAS Director and
he said a total of almost US$350 thousand had been "salvaged" from the OAS
aid allocations to Grenada in 1981, 1982 and 1983.

Mr. Ambros said that, normally, money unspent at the end of an allocation
period lapsed but, because of a great deal of "negotiation, effort, prayer
and luck", it was possible to salvage 99 percent of funds allocated to Gre-
nada but unspent during the designated period.

In the areas of education, science and culture, Mr. Ambros said, today's tok
-en presentation represented a value of US$25 thousand in equipment and, with
-in the next 30 days, some US$20 thousand more will be made available in equip
-ent to the Government of Grenada.

These presentations included audio-visual equipment, electrical typewriters,
a slide projector, film and an IBM personal computer to be delivered within
30 days.

Mr. Ambros said that, considering what had been salvaged from unspent funds,
and adding what is due to Grenada in the 1984 allocation, the island has
some US$750 thousand to draw upon in OAS aid. Additionally, he said, Gre-
nada will benefit from between US$150 to 200 thousand annually in OAS aid al-
located regionally.

tficially accepting this aid waste r.dw4er* pitt bembeO' of the Advisory Coun-
1 responsible for Science and Technology -nd hr. Pat manual, member of the
ivisory Council responsible for Education.

Week Ending 7,//84 THE GSUADA ?E'VSLETTER page 17


Chief Magistrate of Grenada, Mr. Lyle St. Paul, plans to talk to the is-
land's Chief Justice, Mr. Archibald Nedd, with a view to getting some re-
lief relative to the workload now carried by Grenada's magistrates.

Mr. St. Paul disclosed this on April 4th as he presided over a court sit-
ting called to make a preliminary inquiry into charges of murder laid a-
gainst 20 persons accused of killing Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 7
other persons last October.

The inquiry was adjourned to April 25th and, asked by Defence Counsel wheth
-er the Magistrate will be able to sit every day when the inquiry starts,
Mr. St. paul said the island now has only 2 magistrates and he hoped ar-
rangements can be made to get 2 more soon.

"I hope that by the time of the sitting fixed for April 25th", he said,
"there will be assistance for this poor magistrate who has not had leave
for 15 years".


The Grenada Cocoa Association, the statutory body through which all cocoa
exports must be'made, paid out EC$4.2 million to farmers on the basis of
the Association's trading year ending last September 30th.

This was announced on February 28th in a broadcast over Radio Grenada by
Mr. Norbert Arnold, Executive Secretary of the Association, and he said the
amount is EC$.2 million more than the 1982 figure. However, Mr. Arnold
was not happy to make the announcement.

"It is a pleasure and a privilege to address you today", Mr. Arnold told
his listeners, "although I do so with a very heavy heart, knowing that I
am unable to convey to you the sort of information which every farmer is
anxious to hear"t

The information the Executive Secretary had to convey was that, during the
last trading year, the Association exported more cocoa than during the year
before, but earnings were less. In the 1981/1982 year, 4.5 million pounds
of cocoa were exported and that earned EC$13.5 million. In the year 1982/
83, the weight of exports rose by 1% to 5 million pounds but earnings drop-
ped by 16.1% to ECS11.3 million.

The poor performance qf the industry, Mr. Arnold said, was due to many pro-
blems and hardships. Among those he named are the.drop in the World Mar-
ket prices, increasing cost of inputs, praedial larceny and the demoraliza-
tion of the farming community caused by "political uncertainty" and "indus-
trial sabotage" propagated by some trade unions.


In spite of these problems and the poor returns last year, the Exeottive
Secretary said that "after careful consideration", and "ratiobalisation of
the Association's funds", the .Cocoa Board had decided to distribute ECS4i6
million to farmers, a sum which is ECS.2 million more than what was distiib-
uted last year.

Mr. Arnold said the outlook for the 1983/84 crop is promising due to the
"proposed increase" in world price of cocoa* There is an increased demand
for Grenada's cocoa, he said, the entire 1983/84 crop has already been sold
and the sale of the 1984/85 crop has already commenced

"The Association is presently unable to meet the demand for Grenada's cocoa"t
he said "and we are therefore appealing to farmers to make a desperate
drive towards increasing productions

As a means of stimulating farmers'to become more active in cocoa production,
Mr. Arnold said, the price of fertilizer has been dropped from EC$22.00 to
EC$19.00 a bag, and the Interim Government has been requested to allow farm-
ers to own firearms as a deterrent against praedial larceny.

ister Hughes Cynthia Hughes
7th April 1984

Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes,Journalists
of Scott Street, St.Georges, Grenada, Weatindies

Week Ending 7/4/84

page 18
M ,

Full Text