This item is only available as the following downloads:
FOUNDED J7TH AUGUST 1973
For the Period Ending 19th October 1983
11th Year of Publication - - -- - 293rd Issue
Volume 11 Number :4
LJCAT.ON 1 ,INFORMATIa N
The Printers and Publishers of the GRENADA NEWSLETTER have faced
considerable difficulty in bringing the publication up to date
after the experience of the traumatic events of October last.
Since the United States intervention on 25th October 1983, be-
caus-e of our presence in the island at the time, our intimate
knowledge of the situation and our sources of information, we
have become V.I.Ps, that is, Very INTERVIEWED Persons.
Additionally, we have been invited to speak on many platforms,
the overall effect being that we have had insufficient time to
fulfil our regular responsibilities as journalists.
This is particularly true of the period 19th October 1983 to a
date early in November 1983 during which time the offices of the
GRENADA NEWSLETTER were so flooded with members of the media who
wished to interview us that we had no time to file stories of
The effect of this is that it is now necessary for the GRENADA
NEWSLETTER to research that period in order to produce a publi-
Because of the continuing pressure on our time this research
has not yet been completed but the continuing lag in publica-
tion time cannot continue and we have decided to implement the
PrcMuced & Ptinted by Alister & Cynthia H3ugqhe
P 0 Box 65, St-Georgec, Grehaa, Westirdies
THE GRENADA .NEWSLETTER Period Ending_19/1Q83
This issue will carry in chronological order the news as filed in Oct-
ober last between 8th Octobery., he date of our last publication, and
19th October when Co-Editor Alister Hughes was arrested and jailed
by the New Jewel Movement.
Following this, the next publication will cover November news and
subsequent publications will cover the following months up to date.
For the time being, the period from 19th October 1983 to about Nov-
ember 5th will not be covered but this will be made available to you
as soon as the necessary research has been done.
In order to expedite publication, we have secured the services of
expert personnel and expect that we shall be up to date very short-
With many thanks for your patience and assuring you of our contin-
uing best endeavours to keep you fully informed
Al r Hughes Cynthia Hughes U
OECS MEETS IN GRENADA
A two day meeting of Tourism Officials from the Organisation of East
Caribbean States (OECS) was opened officially on October 6th at the
Grenada Beach Hotel by Grenadats Minister of Tourism, Lyden Ram-
This is the second such meeting, the first having been held in Mont-
serrat in July last, and the agenda for the Grenada meeting includes
a review of recommendations made at the Montserrat meeting.
Also down for discussion is a proposed restructuring of the Eastern
Caribbean Tourism Association (ECTA) and the financial implications
this entails. The meeting will also consider a three-year market-
ing plan for ECTA and proposals to be put before a meeting of Carib-
bean Tourism Ministers to be held early in December,
An important item on the agenda is a discussion on the role in Tour-
ism affairs which should be played by the Antigua based Economic
Affairs Secretariat of the OECS. The view has been expressed that
Tourism in the OECS should be given more attention as an"economic
sector', and Swinburne Lest-ade, Director of the Economic Affairs
SWretariat, is attending this meeting.
Period fndinq 19/10/83
RAMDHANXNY ADDRESSES BCTA
Grenada s Minister of Tourism, Lyden Ramdhanny, said on October 6th
that it is an "open secret" that some member countries of the East-
ern Caribbean Tourist Association (BCTA,) have expressed concern
ovet the benefits they get from ECTA. in relation t.. their. financial
Mr. Ramdhanny was, at the time, delivering the opening address to
a Meeting of Tourism officials from the Organisation. of East Carib-
bean States (OECS), ECTA representatives and representativesiof the
OBCS Economic Affairs.Secretariat (RAS).
"Today", he said, "when countries are faced every day with mote and
more financial problems, we cannot afford to have funds spent and
not ctehte a return".
The Mihistef invited the meeting to examine the 14vel of services
offered and the financial contributions required by organisations
similar to BCTA, and to decide whether ECTA is providing the level
of services expected.
"If we expect continued participation by member countries", Mr.
Ramdhanny said, 'a very detailed and analytic review must be done
on this organisation, and I urge you ,o .,O> so in order to make re-
commendations to the heads of Government of OECS who are due to
OECS WARNED NOT TO BE SELFISH
Tourism officials in the Eastern Caribbean Tourism Association
(BCTA) have been warned against insular selfishness in promoting
the visitor trade in countries of the Organisation of East Carib-
bean States (OECS).
The warning came from Grenada's Minister of Tourism, Mr.Lyden Ram-
dhanny as he addressed the opening session of a two day meeting of
BCTA representatives on October 6th.
"We must never ever believe that any one of us can make it on our
own" the Minister said. 'We must parallel our attempts to break
through new markets and sell our destinations with the struggles
we have embarked upon collectively to bring about a better under-
standing on the part of international financial institutions of
our unique and disadvantaged position as small island developing
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Period Ending 19/10/83
Mr. Ramdhanny said it must never be believed that because one island
is enjoying more visitors or has a more developed infrastructure, that
that island does not need to work closely with its neighbours. In
whatever small way, he said, it is imperative that the islands assist
"That is why, in Grenada", the Minister said, "nothing will please us
more if our International Airport, when opened, can be used as an in-
transit point by our neighbours who do not yet have an International
The Peoples Revolutionary Government will ensure proper and adequate
facilities are available for the smooth transfer of visitors wanting
to use the Grenada International Airport to get to neighboring is-
lands, he said.
BISHOP IN PRAGUE
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, speaking in Prague, Czechoslovakia on
October 5th said new peace proposals put forward by the Soviet Union
show the decision of socialist countries to work tirelessly for peace.
This was announced on October 6th by the state-owned and managed Radio
Free Grenada (RFG) and the station reported that the Prime Minister
also restated his Government's support for the peace efforts in Latin
America of the Contadora Group, and for the Nicaraguan peace proposals,
RFG said the Prime Minister also repeated his call for the Caribbean
to be declared a "zone of peace, independence and development".
AIRPORT PROJECT ON SCHEDULE
All contract work on Grenada's international project is on schedule
and the airport will be completed in time for March 13th 1984, the
5th anniversary of the New Jewel Movement revolution.
This was stated by Minister of Construction and Public Utilities,
General Hudson Austin, as he answered questions in a Radio Free Gre-
nada interview programme on October 9th. The questions were put by
journalists employed in the state owned and managed media.
Period Ending 19/1lQt 3 THE GRENADA NJWSJETTER Page 5
"Our airport is a very controversial project", General Austin
said, "but for the information of comrades here, I would like them
to know that our airport is comparative in runway length to St.
Lucia which is 9,000 feet, Antigua which is 9,000 feet, Barbados
is a little longer with 11,000 feet and Trinidad is 9,500 feet.
The Minister said the Grenada runway will be 150 feet wide with
a "hard shoulder" of 25 feet on each side, and the paving of the
runway will be 30 centimetres ( nearly 1 foot) thick. Four lay-
ers of this paving have already been completed and the final layer
will be completed by. February 15th next.
The airport will have three power generation stations of its own
General Austin said, the main one the central generating station,
being large enough to supply the entire airport in case of a fail-
ure of supply from the national generating station.
"The building has been completed", he said, "and 3 generators of
150 KVA have been installed".
The next important power generating plant is the airfield ground
lighting station (AGL),in which a 87.5 KVA generator has been in-
stalled and which, in the event of a power failure at the central
generating station, will feed the "main aspects" of the airport.
The AGL station is 70% completed, General Austin said.
The third back-up generating plant is the 15 KVA non directional
beacon station which will power the airport's navigational aids
amd which will come into operation if all other power sources fail.
The building for this station has been completed, the Minister said,
and the equipment and antenna have been installed.
General Austin reported on several other aspects of the project
including the terminal building which, he said, is 60% complete.
His report included the fuel tank farm where, he said, there are
2 tanks each of 250,000 gallons capacity and 2 other tanks each
of 500,000 gallons capacity. The office building and guard hut
for this area have been completed and fencing is in progress.
The airport is designed to handle aircraft as large as the Boeing
747, the Illyushin 62 and Illyushin 86, General Austin said, and
it is being ensured that the load classificatic-t is in keeping
with international standards.
Minister of Tourism, Lyden Ramdhanny announced in August that the
airport will be opened on March 8th next year and that both Pan
American and BWIA have expressed "firm interest" in having flights
serve Grenada at that time.
Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Period E.nding 19/10/83
Mr. Ramdhanny hoped these airlines would, after the airport opened,
continue to serve Grenada together with British Caledonia, British
Airways, Wardair and Viassa with whom discussions had been held.
"In terms of the route rights question", he said, "that is on a
country to country basis and discussions are still going on on a
Government to Government basis with a number of countries"..
GES PROBLEMS SOON TO BE SOLVED
The problems of Grenada Electricity Services (GES), which are re-
sulting in daily load shedding and power outages, will be solved in
This was disclosed on October 9th by Minister of Construction and
Public Utilities in the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG), Gen-
eral Hudson Austin, as he appeared in a Radio Free Grenada interview
programme answering questions from journalists employed in the state
owned and managed media.
"The company has taken action to alleviate the problem of electricity"
he said, "and they are hiring 2 generators of 680 KVA from the United
These generators, he said, will be in operation by the beginning of
GES was, originally, a joint venture of the Commonwealth Development
Corporation (CDC) and the Government of Grenada, shares being divid-
ed 59.3% and 40.7% respectively. However, relations between the
PRG and CDC deteriorated 2 years ago when the PRG refused to approve
an increase in the tariff of electricity rates which, CDC said, was
required to facilitate major equipment overhauls and purchase of a
CDC was accused of putting "profits before service to the people"
and a commission was appointed to inquire into GES.
That commission reported in January 1981, but, four months later,
ESSO Standard Oil Company cut off GES's fuel supplies pending pay-
ment of outstanding bills.
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop then alleged he had discovered a
"plot" by ESSO, Barclays Bank International and CDC to sabotage GES,
and a law was passed transferring to the PRG, without payment, a
Period Ending 19/10/83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Pae 7
sufficient number of shares in the company'.to give the PRO control.
the PRG then guaranteed the debt to BSSO and appointed Mr. Winston
Bullen as manager.
Six months later, electricity rates were raised. "We lost 197
thousand (East Caribbean) dollars in the first;six months", Mr.
Bullen said, "and we project that we will lose a million this year
if we do not restructure the rates".
Heip was received from Cuban engineers with the Company's genera-
tors, but power outages and load shedding increased. In May last
year, M; Bullen announced that a loan was being negotiated with
the European Investment Bank (EIB) for the purchase of a new gen-
erator and, 2 months late, the PRG agreed to pay CDC 235,000
sterling for the confiscated shares in GAS.
In his radio interview on the 9th Minister Austin referred to the
PRG takeover of GES and said the equipment left by CDC at that
time was "of very little use".
"The Grenada Electricity Services as now exists was taken over
on behalf of the People of Grenada by the PRG in May 1983 (sic),
he said. "A legacy of misuse, abuse and bad maintenance was
inherited. Our people understand that".
Of the 7 generators at the power station, one is now useless,
the Minister said, and the remaining 6 can generate -nly 3.6 of
the 4.6 megawatts required at peak periods. The unreliability
of these generators further contributes to the power outages and
shutdowns, he said, and it has been realized that 2 new genera-
tors must be bought.
"We accepted a loan of 6.2 million East Caribbean dollars from
the EIB", he said, "this loan is for 20 .years, there is a 5
year grace period and the interest rate is 2|%.
Construction work for the installation of these two new genera-
tors has already begun, Minister Austin said, they will be in-
stalled and be tested in March, and..will be in commission in
April next. The two hired generators will be kept,for 2 years
and will act as stand-bys to the new generators being installed.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
CZECHOSLOVAKIA TO SEND GENERATORS
The Peoples Revolutionary' Government (PRG) of Grenada is to receive
a gift from the Government of Czechoslovakia of 3 electricity genera-
tors, each with a capacity of 1.1 megawatts.
Returning on the weekend of October 6th from a visit to Hungary and
Czechslovakia, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop disclosed on October llth
this information to the state owned and operated Radio Free Grenada.
He said this equipment will arrive next year and will be accompanied
by accessories and an estimated two-year supply of spare parts.
The Prime Minister said also the Government of Czechoslovakia has
agreed to pay the freight on the shipment of generators to Grenada.
"What these 3.3(sic) megawatt stations will mean" Mr. Bishop said,
'is that we are going to be able to satisfy our electricity needs in
i984, 1985, and, once we are able to reach an agreement on the supply
of the remaining such sets, then we certainly will have the potential,
in terms of electricity needs, of taking us up to, perhaps, 1990 or
Other aid to be given by Czechoslovakia is establishment of a hydro-
logical station valued at half a million East Caribbean dollars. This
station will analyse data relative to Grenada's drinking water reserv-
es, irrigation and the island's hydro-electric potential.
RFG said Mr. Bishop's discussions with the Hungarian Government cen-
tred around assistance in the fields of health, industry and agricul-
The Prime Minister said the Hungarian Government is to send experts
+o Grenada to study the feasibility of setting up a pharmaceutical
supply company jointly owned by the Grenadian and Hungarian govern-
iants. The Hungarian Government will also assist in a pilot project
in sunflower seed production.
During his stay in Czechoslovakia, Mr. Bishop signed a trade protocol
and an airline agreement with the Government of that country and ne-
gotiations were begun on a cultural and educational agreement to be
.signed later. On behalf of the New Jewel Movement, he also signed
ia party-to-party agreement with the Communist Party of Czechslovakia.
Under these agreements, Czechoslovakia is to aid the PRG with mater-
ials for housing development programmes and is to do feasibility
A-udies on development of a pig and pork industry.
The Prime Minister's delegation included Foreign Minister Unison
W.iteman and Minister of Agriculture George Louison. The delega-
tion arrived in Hungary on September 28th and in Czechoslovakia on
Period ending 19/10/83
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
October 3rd. It left Czechoslovakia on October 6th to return to
Grenada via Berlin and Havana, Cuba.
WHITEMAN ADDRESSES UN
Grenada's Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman has called on multilat-
eral lending agencies to play their part in helping the situation
brought about by global recession.
The state owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said Mr. White
-man made the call on October 13th as he addressed the United Na-
tions General Assembly.
The. Minister noted the number of countries which have had to re-
schedule their foreign debts and said the situation is" approaching
crisis proportion. In extremely difficult cases, he said, con-
sideration may have to be given to cancellation of the debts.
RFG said Mr. Whiteman, in his address to th U.N., condemned the
"shameful acts of aggression" by the United States of America in
overt and covert acts against Nicaragua. The Peoples Revolution-
ary Government supports the Nicaraguan Government he said, as
well as the peace efforts of the so-called "Contadora Group", the
Governments.of Mexico, Panama, Columbia and Venezuela.
BISHOP DEPOSED (?)
Ai angry crowd of some 300 persons assembled outside the premises
of the Government owned "'Free West Indian" newspaper on 14th Oct-
oberdemanding that Mr. Maurice Bishop be allowed to continue to
lead the Peoples Revolutionary Government.
Eye-witness reports say that, sometime after noon on that day Min-
ister of Mobilisation Selwyn Strachan announced to a group of per-
sons outside the newspaper's offices that Mr. Lernard Coard is now
Prime Minister. Joint leadership of the Government had been of-
fered to Mr. Bishop, he said, Mr. Coard to be his equal partner,
and Mr. Bishop had turned this down. From now on, Mr. Coard, who
was deputy Prime Minister, will be the leader.
Period Ending 19/10/83
Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Period.Ending 19_L1083
This comes in the wake of reports since last Wednesday that there is
a rift between Mr. Coard and Mr, Bishop. It was said that at a Cab-
inet meeting Mr. Coard demanded Mr. Bishop's resignation.
The crowd outside the "Free West Indian" was strongly in favour of
Mr. Bishop and there were shouts of "no Bishop, no revolution,".
Nothing was known then of Mr. Bishop's fate but unconfirmed reports
said he was under house arrest. The reports said Foreign Minister
Unison Whiteman and Minister of Agriculture George Louison were also
under house arrest.
There was no announcement from Radio Free Grenada which was carrying
its regular programming but one was expected within the next few hours.
Later that afternoon Radio Free Grenada announced that Deputy Prime
Minister Bernard Coard had resigned from the Peoples Revolutionary
RFG said this resignation was because of a "vicious rumour" that had
been spread that Coard and his Jamaican wife, Phyllis, had planned
to kill Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.
As a result of this rumour, the station said, a group of certain ele-
ments, led by an insurance company owner, tried to seize the arms of
a militia station to assassinate Coard and his wife.
Mr. Coard told RFG he had resigned to make it abundantly clear to the
public that the rumour was a vicious lie.
RADIX LADS DEMONSTRATION
Some three hundred young persons led by Minister of Industrialisation
and Fisheries in the Peoples Revolutionary Government Kendrick Radix
paraded the streets of St. Georges on the morning of Saturday 15th
October demanding the release of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.
The demonstration which started at the Market in the heart of St.
Georges moved to the dock area about a mile away where they heard
Mr. Radix tell them that since last year, he had war:-ed that Deputy
Prime Minister Bernard Coard was trying to seize power.
Yesterday, Minister of Mobilisation Selwyn Strachan announced that
Mr. Bishop had been deposed and Mr. Coard was now Prime Minister,
but, a short time later Mr. Coard announced he had resigned from the
Government. The reason for this, he said, is a "vicious rumour"
Period Ending 19/10/84
that he and his wife were involved in a plot to kill Bishop and
he wanted to make it "abundantly clear" this was a lie.
Mr. Radix told the demonstration this day that, in spite of the
announcement of Mr. Coard's resignation, the Deputy Prime Minister
was "obsessed with power". Mr. Coard, he said, was "brilliant"
but had no chance of success because he has no popular support.
The Minister called on Grenadians to show their rejection of Mr.
Coard and their support for Mr. Bishop. "If Maurice is not rel-
leased by Monday 17th",. he said, Itthere must be no Work, no school
and no play in Grenada ".
Mr. Radix told NEWSLETTER .that Mr. Bishop was detained since Thurs-
day 13th and was being held at his official residence at Mount
He told the demonstration not to be surprised if many of them were
in prison by that night but he said Coard would not dare to use
the Army against them. "I don't have my health", he said, "but
I have to pick up my guns again".
Radio Free Grenada announced on that day (15th) that Mr. Victor
Nazin Burke, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Trade had
oeen appointed Minister of Trade, Finance and Planning.
Mr. Radix was arrested and detained on Sunday i6th October.
REPORTER "RESCUED" BY CROWD
A reporter for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Dwight Whyliei
was "rescued" on October 15th from officials of the Security and
Mr. Whylie was covering a demonstration led by Kendrick Radix
which was demanding the release of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
reported to have been detained since October 13th.
Approached by three Security and Immigration officials Mr. Whylie
was asked to accompany them to the Immigration Department. .In
reply to his inquiry, he was told 'tWe wa%- to talk to you".
The crowd became aware of this encounter, however, ahd took the
journalist away from the officials, 'Come with us" they shouted,
"you not going with them".
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
He was taken along with the demonstration for about 500 yards and
then put into a car and driven away by Minister of Industrialisation
Mr. Whylie was in Grenada on a UNESCO assignment training the starf
of Radio Free Grenada.
On the evening of 14th October, a young girl who refused to identify
herself brought a sealed envelope to the offices of the GRENADA
NEWSLETTER and said, "Somebody sent that to you, it is very import-
The letter was addressed to:-
Cde. Maurice Bishop
Prime Minister of Grenada
and inside, in the handwriting of Kendrick Radix was the following
Dear Prime Minister,
I he ebv Submit my resi nation from. the Governoent of Gvsevda
with immealate esiect. i nas been an nonour to ave serve ne
country during the long, hard years of struggle under your leader-
Every wish for your future health and best of luck
(sgd) Kendrick Radix
On the morning of Saturday 15th October, during a demonstration led
by Mr. Radix, Co-editor Alister sought from Mr. Radix a verification
that he had sent the letter to the offices of the GRENADA NEWSLETTER.
Mr: Radix confirmed that he had sent the letter which he said was a
copy of what he had sent to Prime Minister Bishop. But Mr. Radix
asked then that no publicity be given to the matter.
"Things have moved beyond that", he said.
Period Ending 19/10/83
Period Ending 19/10/83 THEGRENADA NEWSLETTER page 13
P.M. UNDER INVESTIGATION
"It must be clearly .understood that the Peoples Revolutionary Army
and the Armed Forces as a whole will tolerate absolutely no mani-
festation whatsoever of counter revolution".
This was stated in a release from the Peoples Revolutionary Army
read over the state.owned Radio Free Grenada (RFG) on October 15
by Major Liam "Bogo" Cornwall, and the statement said any action
which aims at disturbing the peace and the normal life of the
nation or which threatens the revolution will be firmly and swiftly
"The peace and calm which prevails in Grenada shall be.maintained"
the statement said.
The statement said-the armed forces of Grenada recognise that the
New Jewel Movement has led the struggles of Grenadians for the past
101 years and that Maurice Bishop has been the acknowledged leader
of the revolution "and has led us thus far".
"Recently", the statement said, "the NJM Central Committee leader-
ship and the entire ;membership of the NJM took certain firm de-
cisions on internal party changes which were aimed at strengthen-
ing the work of the party and revolution. Comrade Maurice Bishop
refused to accept and implement these decisions even though he
had been present at the party meeting and voted for the decisions".
In response to this, the statement said, the officers and NCOs of
the entire arrme forces, who are members of the Party, on October
12th passed a resolution demanding that Mr. Bishop accept and im-
plement the decisions of the party.
"We want to state firmly", the statement said, "that -in this party,
which has led us all these years, there must be equal standards
for all and the rules must be applied to all, no matter who they
are. No one man can be above the rules, no one man can be above
the majority. The Armed Forces note that never in the 10 years
of its existence has the NJM tolerated 'onemanism' in its ranks
and, much as we of the PRA love and respect Co-:rade Maurice Bishop
we will definitely not tolerate this development in our country".
The statement said the Armed Forces had noted that "some oppor-
tunists" are trying to fool the people that the situation results
from a personal power struggle between two persons.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
"If that is so*, the statement asked, "how come then that our entire
Armed Forces down to the last private and the entire party are total-
ly united ?"
The statement said the Armed Forces are now investigating Bishop's
personal involvement in starting the rumour that there was a plot
in which Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard and his Jamaican born
wife Phyllis were attempting to assassinate Bishop. Were it not
for the swift action of the Armed Forces it"could have led to blood-
shed on the streets of Grenada last Wednesday".
"So far", the statement said, "a sworn statement from one of Comrade
Bishop's top personal security officers directly implicated Comrade
Maurice Bishop with the starting of the rumour".
The Armed Forces, the statement said, will continue their investiga-
tions to their conclusion.
The Peoples Revolutionary Government on October 15th put out five
journalists some of whom were covering an anti-Government demonstra-
tion led by former Minister of Industrialisation and Fisheries in the
PRG, Kendrick Radix.
They are Associated Press Caribbean Desk Editor, Nat Carnes, Willie
Alleyne Barbadian born and based Associated Press photographer,
Charles Hackett, photographer of the Barbados Nation newspaper,
Albert Branford of the Caribbean News Agency (CANA) based at the
CANA Barbados headquarters and a United Press International Photo-
grapher, Roso Sabalones.
Those known to have been covering the demonstration are the two AP
representatives and the UPI photographer. They were first taken
to the Immigration Department where it was explained to them that the
demonstration was a "purely internal matter".
"When things have been settled", they were told, "we will invite you
back to Grenada again."
The men were then taken to their hotel where they collected their
bags and were taken to the airport by Immigration officials.
Period Ending. 19/10/83
Period BnAina 19/10/83 THE GRE$DApA 1E.siTTER p.age 15
On Octobe -;16th another journalist was put out. He is Mr. Andy
Johnspn of the Trinidad "Express" newspaper. ,He was Visited at
his hotel shortly after 8.00 a.m. by two security officials: and
requested to go to the Immigration Department. It was expected
that he was taken from there to the airport because he checked
out of the hotel before leaving.
BISHOP TO BE EXPELLED
The Central Committee of the New Jewel Movement '(NJM) is awaiting
the result of an investigation by, the Security Forces before tak-
ing final decision whether Prime Minister Maurice Bishop should
be removed from the NJM Central Executive and expelled from the
This was stated on October 16th in a statement broadcast .by Gener-
al of the Armed Forces Hudson Austin who is a member of the NJM
Central Committee and Political Bureau.
This statement follows 3 days of speculation and apprehension as
to who is in charge of the country. On Friday 14th Minister of
Mobilisation and Labour Selwyn Strachan announced that Bishop had
been deposed and Deputy Prime Minister Bernardtheld the reins of
Government but, within hours, Coard announced his resignation from
That move, Mr. Coard said, was to refute a rumour that he and his
wife planned to assassinate Bishop. The Armed Forces subsequently
charged that Bishop is personally implicated in starting that rum-
our and it is on the outcome of investigation into this that the
Central Committee will make its final decision on Bishop,
On Saturday 15th Minister of Industrialisation and Fosheries Ken-
drick Radix led a demonstration through the streets of St.Georges.
He charged that Bishop was being held under house arrest at his
official residence and called for "no work, no school, no play"
if Bishop is not released by October 17th.
He charged that Coard's resignation was merely a tactical move
and that the Deputy Prime Minister is obsessed with power ahd wish
-ed to take over leadership of the country.
"It is over a year now that I have been telling Comrade Bishop to
look behind his shoulder because Coard was planning to betray him"
Radix said. -continued-
Page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER 1Period E.nina 19/10/83
On October 16th the state owned Radio Free Grenada said Radix had
been detained for organising the demonstration and later it was an-
nounced there would be an important NJM statement.
Reading that statement on October 16th General Austin said the pre-
sent situation is the"toughest Grenada has faced since the revolu-
tion of 13th March 1979 and NJM had decided to give a "frank a-
count" of events which led to this crisis.
"It has always been the policy of our party to be fully truthful to
our people on all matters including the policies of the Party, thm
state of the economy and the strength and weaknesses of our work in
our country", he said, "yet, there is one matter which we have never
revealed to our people".
That matter, he said, is the serious "internal problems" afflicting
NJM, especially over the last year. This has not been made public
before, he said, because NJM thought it vital to maintain an appear-
ance of full unity "at all costs".
"The truth is", he said, "that, during the last year, our Party has
faced serious problems of the constantly growing desire of Comrade
Maurice Bishop to exercise full and exclusive power and authority.
The General said "collective leadership" is one of the main NJM prin-
ciples. The Central Committee should make all important decisions
but, during the 41 years past, he said, Bishop has shown resentment
of this principle.
"At the same time", General Austin said, "he has become increasing-
ly hostile to criticism and increasingly suspicious that other mem -
bers of the leadership of the Party may be trying to seize power
Matters came to a head a year ago, General Austin said, when, in
order to avoid'division, Coard resigned from the Central Committee
and Political Bureau after Bishop's suspicion centered on him. The
Central Committee sanctioned this but now felt it was a mistake.
The General said Bishop has become increasingly hostile and suspi-
cious of challenges to his position and the work of the Party and
"The truth is", General Austin said, "that Comrade Maurice's
strength has always been his direct links with the masses and his
weakness has been that he has never been able to adequately organ-
ise, supervise and guide the work of the party".
NJM received complaints about employment discrimination against
Party supporters by "elements of the Civil Service hostile to the
Period Ending 19/10/83 THE GRENADA NWSLETTER Page 17
revolution" he said. "There have also been complaints about the
lack of care of agricultural machinery, the worsening state of
roads, constant electricity blackouts, the disorganised state of
the centre for Popular Education, the Militia, the House Repair
Programme, the mass organizations, and the increasing boldness of
counter revolutionary elements".
"We are not trying to blame Comrade Bishop for all the problems",
the General said, "however, the major problem has been lack of
strong leadership from the top and the unwillingness of Comrade
Bishop to take firm decisions to solve the problems while, at tha
same time, trying to concentrate power in his own hands".
Last month, the Central Committee held a meeting and formally est-
ablished the principle of "joint leadership", General Austin said,
"Bishop to direct work among the masses" while Coard would guide
and organise "the political work of the party". This, he said,
had nothing to do with "who is Prime Minister" and there never was
an intention to remove Bishop from that post.
"The problem is that Comrade.Bishop had allowed his power and
authority to go to his head", Austin said, "and he refused to ac-
cept the decision of the Central Committee".
The day before Bishop left on his recent visit to Hungary, a full
meeting of the Party unanimously confirmed the principle of joint
leadership, General Austin said. Comrade Bishop was at that meet-
ing but, when he returned from Hungary, NJM found he still would
not accept the Party decision and intended to take the matter "on
to the streets", the General said, and, on October 12th, a rumour
that Coard and his wife planned to assassinate Bishop "hit the
"The Central Committee learned that one of Comrade Bishop's secu-
rity officers had given a sworn statement to the Security Forces
stating that Comrade Bishop had given himself and his Chief Per-
sonnel Officer, Cletus St. Paul, a list of names that morning,"
the General said, "Comrade Bishop had instructed them to contact
all the names on the list and tell them that Comrade Bernard Coard
and his wife were planning to assassinate him".
Last Thursday (13th), a full Party meeting discussed this matter,
he continued, and Bishop spoke in his defence but the meeting did
not accept the defence.
"The overwhelming sentiment of the hundreds of Party members pre-
sent at the meeting was that for having disgraced the Party and
revolution, Comrade Bishop should be removed from the Central
Page 18 THE GRE2ADA NF IJTThER PerioJd Ending 19/10/83
Committee and expelled from the Party", General Austin said.
This decision is to be confirmed after the Armed Forces have com-
pleted investigation of the matter.
"The rumour which Comrade Bishop sent out on to the streets tries to
make out there is some sort of power struggle going on within our
this cannot be so because 2/3 of the Central CommittNeeand
Party", the General said. He pointed out, however, that7al eaept
"a handful" of the Party membership support the Central Committeeil
decision on joint leadership.
General Austin said NJM knows the step it has taken will be unpopular
with many sections of the community but the Party stands for princi
-ple and "principle for one must be principle for all".
The General assured his listeners that "Comrade Bishop is at home and
quite safe". He also gave the assurance that the NJM Central Com-
mittee "is in full control of the running of the country just as it
has been during the past 4- years of the revolution.
He called on Grenadians to maintain unity to.ensure that "Imperialism"I
does not take advantage of "this moment of difficulty", and said that
"keeping with the overwhelming desire of our people, the NJM is still
making every effort to settle this problem within our Party".
A spokesman for LIAT confirmed on October 18th that the Pearls Air-
port office of the airline had reported to the St. Georges head of-
fice that, about mid-morning, a demonstration of "over 500" stud-
ents had disrupted the airport's operations, swarming through the
Administration Building and on to the flight apron.
The demonstration, the spokesman said, was in favour of Prime Min-
ister Naurice Bishop, said to be held under house arrest by the
Armed Forces, and against Deputy Prime Ministe r Bernard Coard.
According to the spokesman, the demonstrators chanted, "no Bishop,
no school", and "'C' for Communism".
The LIAT airport office reported that one flight was delayed for
some time because the demonstrators were close to the aircraft and
it was dangerous to start the engines.
Period Ending 19/10/83 THE GRENADA Page 19
FOUR PRG MINISTERS RESIGN
Four Ministers have resigned from the Peoples Revolutionary Gov-
ernment (PRG). They are Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman,
George Louison Minister of Agriculture, Lyden Ramdhanny, Minister
of Tourism and Civil Aviation and Norris Bain, Minister of Hous-
In a telephone interview on October 18th, Mr. Whiteman told the
Montserrat based Radio Antilles the resignations have been made
because Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard who, Whiteman said,
"is running the Government singlehandedly with his wife", has re-
fused to consider proposals made to resolve the political crisis.
Since Saturday (15th) we have been meeting with him", Mr. White-
man said, "we have been very patient and reasonable with him,
and it was very clear that he was not discussing in good faith".
Mr. Whiteman said Mr. Coard had been dragging out the discuss-
ions saying that he had to wait on a decision of the New Jewel
Movement Central Committee. The ex-Foreign Minister said Mr.
Coard has been saying publicly that the Central Committee is meet-
ing regularly but he told Messrs. Whiteman, Louison, Ramdhanny and
Bain that he cannot give a response to their proposals because
the Central Committee has not been able to meet.
"Either he is lying to us or he is lying to the people", Mr. White-
Radio Antilles spoke to Mrs. Alimenta Bishop, the mother of Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop and she confirmed that he is under house
arrest. She said she had visited him on Saturday (15th) and
again on Monday (17th).
The state owned Radio Free Grenada (RPG) said on October 19th
that Radio Antilles and the Voice of America had carried news of
the resignations of the four Ministers, but the station said it
had received no statement from the PRG on the matter.
RFG referred also to the student demonstration at Pearls airport
on October 18th and said several persons have been detained by
the Security Forces for "inciting unrest". In this connection,
the station carried an announcement from the Ministry of Educa-
tion which said that "certain counter-revolutionary and oppor-
tunist elements are taking advantage of the present situation
to achieve the effect of turning back the Grenada revolution".
":' .' ^
Pae 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER period Ending_ 19/0/83
(The following is the verbatim text of newsstory filed before midday
on Wednesday 19th October)
At 10.35 a.m. today a crowd of some 3 to 4 thousand persons stormed
the official residence of Prime Minister Msurice Bishop on the out-
skirts of St. George's and freed him from the detention where he has
been held since October 13th.
The army put up only token resistance.
Bishop and a growing crowd now moving towards the market square at
the centre of St. George's where it is expected he will address them.
In the middle of a jumping dressing crowd I asked Bishop for a-
statement say anything I said
His reply '"The Masses".
Transcript of Tape Recording made by Co-Editor
Alister Hughes at the Market Square St. Georges
on Wednesday, 9th October 198 _
Hughes (Against background of crowd noise)
"Large crowd in the Market Square Very difficult to esti-
mate numbers but it must be anything like 7 to 8 thousand
people I estimate'
Voice on Public Address Syst.em (Indistinct against background noise)
". . .will be due here "
hughes "Two guns fired from the Fort at five minutes after one.
Unknown what for They were very heavy explosions not
like rifles. Sounded more like a heavy piece of artil-
Voice on Public Address System
(After some indistinct statements with replies from crowd)
Voice ';Keep Cool."
Crowd "Yes I"
Voice V"Don't be alarmed''
Crowd ''No "
Voice "'Don't runt"
Voice "Stay right here'"
Period Ending_ 9.1Q0.3 THE_GRENADA NEWSLF'TER age 21
Crowd ''Yes "
Voice (indistinct) "I want to bring you .. keep cool keep
Hughes "An announcement from the platform by Sydney Ambrose
It is now 1.08 baking the crowd to stand fir' keep
cool It is cuite apparent that he does not know what
the guns were about.
Voice '"... keep you up to date There is nothing thatawill
ever happen to anybody here today. (indistinct) .
because we are not here today ... not to move from
here you want to know what has happened ......
tell you ...... don't be afraid, don't run, don't go
we want to bring you uptodate with what has taken ~lace.
...... this is the most ..... experience in the his-
tory of Grenada and we want you to stand .........
We are not here to hurt anybody, we just want to keep
you up to date with exactly.what is taking place..
Hughes "Announcement by Sydney Ambrose, the time is now 1.10.
Hughes "Now 1.11, I'm hearing small arms fire. Two or three
bursts of small arms fire in the distance. A grow .
ingly apprehensive crowd.
Voice "Don't let it put you.'in fear (indistinct .'do not be
afraid. If I am not afraid, you/,should not be a-
fraid.. ......keep calm, keep calmly"
Hughes "Announcement from Sydney Ambrose. The time is now
1.12. He is on the platform of the City Council and
it seems obvious that he, too, does not know what the
rifle fire and gun fire mean. He asked the crowd not
to be afraid and to keep calm".
Voice "Do not be alarmed. This is just to pat you in fear.
And there is no reason why you have to be afraid. It
is impossible, impractible and it will never happen
that anybody could do you anything. Nobody will
trouble you today because we are not here to........
anybody. So you stand firm with us until we present
to you your honourable, respectable and dignified
Hughes "Another announcement frr-m the platform by Sydney
Ambrose. The time is now 1.14.
Hughes "The crowd is moving. Looks as if there is an army
truck approaching. I see the crowd.....there's a
)J< 6 d ggoing through the Market Square, it's a water
truck, it's going in front of the Buy-rite Supermar-
ket, it has a crowd of men on it. The crowd is run-
ning, a portion of the people of the crowd is running
across. There is an aia of apprehension and the Mar-
ket Square is thinning. That truck has gone out of
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
sight. I hear .....on the other side of the shed from
me there seems to be something happening. I can't see
from where I am. That side has cleared, I hear an engine
revving. There is nobody at the microphone now. People
are running back in the other direction now, towards where
they were leaving just now. From where I am I cannot see
what's happening. Another truck is moving out of the Mar
-ket Square with people on it. The time is now 1.17.
There is an air of apprehension. No sign of Maurice Bish-
op yet. There is nobody on the platform now where the
microphones are and there are much less people in the Mar-
ket Square. There is a little bit of running too and fro
over on the Granby Street side but where I am, I'm in the
centre here under the District Board and I can't see ex-
actly what's happening over there.
Hughes Smoke rising from the direction of the Fort. I don't
know what's causing that. From here we can't see the
actual Fort buildings but it seems to me from somewhere
near the Administration buildings. The Market Square has
thinned out a fair amount, there are not nearly as many
people here now and I'm seeing that thick smoke coming from
the Fort area. Thick black smoke. There's no flame but
it's billowing up very densely. I'm now standing in the
middle of the Market Square looking up in that direction.
I can't see any people up there from where I'm standing
but there obviously is something on fire in that area.
Hughes I'm moving in.the direction of Granby Street. The crowd
S is racing away, I nearly got turned over, I don't know
what for. There.was a great racing away frcm that corner
there. I still don't see what could have cause it but I
nearly got overturned. I see some men standing at that
corner who seem to be the same people I saw guarding the
entrance to the platform where Sydney Ambrose and the oth-
ers were standing near to the microphone. There is a
group of men standing near the policeman by Barclays Bank,
another group at the bottom by Royal Bank and, down here,
there's another group again close to the Bank of Nova Scot-
ia. But I still don't know what caused that rushing just
now. Fifty or sixty people just rushed down towards the
Buy-rite area, but I see no reason for it. The Market
Square is almost empty now. Another announcement from
the platform by Sydney Ambrose saying come back and stand
in the Market Square. But. nobody seems to know qu-ite
what is happening.
Period Ending 19/1QJ
Period Ending 19/10/83
Hughes I'm now in Granby Street opposite to Amados. I'm going
to see whether I can identify what is burning up at the
Fort. I couldn't see from the Market.Square area. The
trucks from the airport are now parked at the bottom of
Granby Street, obviously in an effort to prevent anything
from driving in. They are parked blocking the street.
I'm now close to the "Children's Shopping Plaza".
There's black smoke but I don't know what's on fire.
It's heavy black smoke, I can see no flame and it's poss-
ible it could be coming from 'the parking lot in front of
the Fort, from what is known as the "parade ground".
Hughes "I'm in the area down towards DeLima and here on the
Esplanade people seem to ....."
Voice ".....people get shot up there....."
Hughes "Really, do you know for sure that they have been shot?"
Hughes "You saw anybody...."
Voice "I saw they carrying people into the hospital, man".
Hughes "Now, after that shooting?"
Hughes "About how many?"
Voice "About 5 people"
Hughes "So you have any idea where Manrice' is now?"
Voice "I haven't got the idea"
Voice 2 "I haven't got an idea but one guy told me they shoot
down the building in which he was in. Some armoured
cars went up there and they just blast down the building"
Hughes "What building was he in?"
Voice 2 He was up in a building behind the Fort up there".
Hughes "You mean' A~ the Citadel, at Fort Rupert?"
Voice 2 "Yes".
Hughes "And they say that they just shot down the building
that he was in?"
Voice 2 "Yes, they destroy it".
Hughes "Somebody told you that?!
Voice 2 "Yes, somebody told me that, I'm not sure".
Hughes "Ah, yes, you will have to get that confirmed".
Hughes "In case I did not get it on the tape, a man just told
me he understands that Bishop was in a building up at
the Fort, at Fort Rupert and armoured cars just blasted
it down. That needs to be confirmed.
The time is 1.24
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Period Endin 1910/83
Hughes "It has been said by one other parson that the building
that Maurice was in up there has been blasted by gun fire.
I have not had that confirmed.
Hughes I see a man running down the steps. I see two men run-
ning down the steps. That's three people running down
Hughes "Heavy explosion from the Fort, another heavy explosion.
It's now 1i26 There's still smoke rising from the Port.
Jast one single rifle. Just on the western side of the
Fort, I see a gun just on the western side of the Fort,
it's pointing very high,there're soldiers around it, it's
pointing in this direction but it's a high elevation, point-
ing roughly in this direction. The black smoke is still
billowing up from what looks like the north-eastern area
of Fort George.
Hughes ....bottom of Granby Street, moving out in this direct-
ion, nobody but just the driver. The other one, there's
one past. One truck is backing into Granby Street, he
appears to be turning in preparation to coming this way.
Yes he is, he's coming back this way. These seem to be
trucks which came ftom the airport, 5058 number.
Hughes "Told that wounded people have been taken to the hospital,
I have not had that confirmed. I have also been told
that Maurice was in a building at Fort George and that it
was fired on and it has been suggested to me that that
smoke is from that building. I do not have confirmation
of this, repeat, I do not have confirmation of this.
Hughes "Where were you?"
Voice "At the Fort".
Hughes "And what happened "
Voice, "They just start firing off bullets".
Hughes "Where were you at the Fort, right at the top?"
Voice "Yes, underneath the building".
Hughes "Underneath the building, and you.got shot in your back?"
Hughes "Anywhere else?"
Voice "No, only there".
Hughes "Have you been to the hospital?"
Voice "No, not as yet".
Hughes "What is your name?"
THE GRENADA N-EWSLETTER
Period Ending 19/10/83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 25
Voice "Sherril Alexander"
Hughes: "Have you seen anything of the Prime Minister?"
Voice "I don't know"
Hughes "You haven't seen anything. You better go and get some
Hughes "The wound in her left shoulder is not bleeding very much.
She does not seem weak in any way but definitely a wound
in her left shoulder. The crowd here has decided that
they are going to take her to the'hospital but it is a
risky thing because if she got shot in that area ahe is
likely to be shot again. The bullet wound is at the
back of her left shoulder. Quite an ugly looking -.-ound.
Hughes "I'm now standing close to the Police Station on the
Esplanade and the time is 1.32."
Voices "It have somebody what dead? ...Oh God! Oh God!"
Hughes "What happened?"
Voices "Oh God! ....If you see people in the hospital II"
OGodGod! Oh God It have people what dead? Oh God,
yesI Girl, come stand upl" I want to go home'
Oh God! I go bring you up home, what happen? You
see a lot of people up there? You got a bullet? No,
Hughes "Did you see the dead people?"
Voice "Oh God! Oh Gods"
Voice "Alister, I think you should move from there".
Hughes "All right".
Voice "I think you should move from there".
Voice "Definitely, because it's propaganda, propaganda you
want to throw out there.
Hughes "Really? "
Voice "You really throw out ....(loud confused voices)
(confused)"Give people a chancel ...."You stay right there"
"I'm not saying ..." "Let the girl..." "You don't
care about the life of the girll...."You have to care
about the person's life!"
HLghe s "Time is now 1.36'
Hughes "Just received another report that iN'ric, Bishop was
at Fort Rupert, or Fort George as the case may be ....
I have no confirmation of this that he has seen a man
Page 26 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Period Ending 1Zl1/8 L
shot in the knee, a soldier shot in the knee and a woman
shot in the hand and other people with blood stains. Theae
people were taken to the hospital.
Hughes "Report that Maurice and Jackie Creft and some other per-
sons are being held by the Army up at Fort Rupert and
they have them lined up against a wall. But the situa-
tion at the moment now is very uncertain and there is no-
Hughes "Market Square now, very few people here, still a great
sense of- apprehension. The time is now 20 minutes to 2
and the fate of the Prime Minister is not known. I'm still
seeing smoke coming from Fort George or Fort Rupert as it
is now called.
INCIDENT AT FORT RUPERT
The following is a verbatim report of a newsstory filed at 2.20 on
Wednesday 19th October:-
The two heavy explosions came from Fort Rupert, the headquarters of
the Peoples Revolutionary Army, just after 1.00 o'clock. The crowd
of some 8 to 10 thousand waiting in the Market Square to.hear Prime
Minister auruQG Bishop were visibly startled and, when, a minute or
two later there was the sound of automatic machine gun fire from Fort
Rupert, people started to move away into side streets.
The vigil for Bishop started about 11.00 o'clock after he had been
freed by the crowd about half an hour earlier. The sun was hot and
snow cone vendors did a brisk trade. There was a glow of happinema
and many shouts of "We get we leader back".
Since the gunfire, there is nothing definite to report except that
there is something on fire at Fort Rupert. Thick black smoke is
billowing up and there are conflicting reports that it is a car on
fire and that it is the Administration Building on fire.
I have seen one woman with a bullet wound in her left shoulder and I
have seen two men with blood on their clothes. I was able to speak
to the wounded woman who said she was at Fort Rupert and had been
fired on by the soldiers there. She did not know what had happened
to Bishop but she said she had followed him up to Fort Rupert.
I spoke also to a young woman who was in a near hysterical state.
She too had been at Fort Rupert and she spoke of people being killed
Period Ending 19/10/g3 TE GRENADA EWSLETTER Page 27
and of others wounded and taken to the General ~bspitl which is
very near to Fort Ruperti I have not had a confirmation of'her
There is no longer a crowd at the Market Square. They are scat-
tered to various vantage points where Fort Rupert can be watched
and there is general hunger for news of Bishop and of the situa-
At this time, there is news of neither. (14.20 local).
TRANSCRIPT OF BROADCAST MADE BY
GENERAL HUDSON AUSTIN
OVER RADIO FREE GRENADA
SHORTLY AFTER 10430 p.m. ON OCTOBER 19th 1983
Brothers and Sisters,
Last night a delegation from the Central Committee of the New
Jewel Movement made a formal offer to Comrade Maurice Bishop fir
him to continue as Prime Minister, to continue as a member of the
Party and to work closely with the NJM Central Committee in run-
ning the country.
Comrade Bishop's position was that he would consider the offer but
was not willing to talk last night.
This morning, at 9.30 a crowd led by Unison Whiteman, Vincent Noel
and two businessmen stormed Maurice Bishop's home. The soldiers,
guarding the Mount Weldale road had instructions not to fire on
the people, the people therefore broke through the barrier and
stormed through the gates of the house. Again, the soldiers
were instructed to fire above the people's head, not at the
The crowd, realizing that the soldiers had instructions not to
fire on the people, burst into the house. Maurice Bishop went
with them and then led the crowd of innocent people to seize sort
Rupert, the headquarters of the' Armed Forces. Again, the sol-
diers at Fort Rupert were instructed not to fire on the people
who stormed the Fort.
Attempts were made by the Armed Forces to establish communications
with Maurice Bishop and Unison Whiteman in order to continue ne-
gotiations for a peaceful solution and in order to persuade them
to let the civilians leave the Fort. Bishop and Whiteman de-
clared, "No compromise, no negotiations". They then disarmed
the officers of the General Staff as well as the rank and file
Page 28 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Period Ending 19/10/83
soldiers guarding Fort Rupert and began to arm the crowd..
They declared their intention to arrest and wipe out the entire Cen-
tral Committee and the senior members of the Party and the entire
leadership of the Armed Forces as well as to smash the Revolutionary
Armed Forces. At that point the Revolutionary Armed Forces sent a
Company of soldiers to reestablish control of Fort Rupert.
I.Maurice Bishop and his group fired on the soldiers killing to members
of the PRA, Sergeant Dorset Peters and Warrant Officer Raphael Mason,
and wounding several others. The Revolutionary Armed Forces were
forced to storm the Fort and, in the process, the following persons
were killed: Maurice Bishop, Unison Whiteman, Vincent Noel, Jacque-
line Creft, Norris Bain and Fitzroy Bain, among others.
The Armed Forces then evacuated the wounded and assisted several per-
sons in getting to hospital.
Comrades, the Peoples Revol-tionary Armed Forces have all along stay-
ed off the streets in the hope that it eould be resolved internally
by:the Party, However, in a situation in which Maurice Bishop had
declared his intention to wipe out the entire leadership of the Party
and the Army, in a situation in which he had linked up .openly with
counter-revolutionaries in order to do so, the Revolution itself
would have been wiped out.
Our working people have suffered too much for too many years to allow
imperialism and counter-revolutionaries to take over our people's re-
The People's Revolutionary Armed Forces have, as of 3.00 p.m. today,
established a Revolutionary Military Council which will form the Gov-
ernment of the country until normality is restored. Let ,it be clear-
ly understood that the Revolutionary Armed Forces will govern with ab-
solute strictness. Anyone who seeks to demonstrate or disturb the
peace will be shot. An all day and all night curfew will be estab-
lished for the next four days, from now until next Monday at six
o'clock. No one is to leave their house, anyone violating this fur-
few will be shot on sight. All schools are closed and all work pla-
ces, except for the essential services, until further notice.
The personal safety and property of all citizens and foreign resid-
ents will be guaranteed by the Armed Forces. Let it be clearly un-
derstood that the Peoples Revolutionary Army is totally united. We
are also clear that our major task at this moment is to protect and
defend our country against any attack by imperialism. Our people
must be clear that imperialism will seek to take advantage of this
situation. We must also'realise clearly that a military invasion
aero nang '1Ly/-u/oj '.I'tFE GRKENADA_ NEW SLETTER Page 29
would brir.c about the d6athe of thousands of ohr Jeople and that
any confusion in Grenada at this time opens the way for such in-
tervention by imperialism.
Whatever each man's personal views on this situation at this time,
we must unite to defend our country against any attack by outside
force. The Armed Forces, for their part, will defend the revo-
lution with all our might.
Long Live the Revolution!
Grenadal Forward Ever!
Long Live our people!
At 11.45 p.m. on the night of October 19th 1983, NEWSLETTER's Co-
Editor Alister Hughes was arrested and jailed by the Security
Forces of the New Jewel Movement's Revolutionary Military Council.
The arrest was carried out by a detachment of three armed men who
produced no warrant and gave no reason for the arrest.
Hughes was jailed at the Richmond Hill Prisons together with sev-
eral other persons arrested that night, including his brother
19th October 1983
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alistor & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies
mr~- ------~-~ ~_1.____