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FOUF ED 17TH AUGUST 1973
For The Week Bnding.16th July 1983
llth Year.of Publication--- - 289th Issue
Volume 11 Ntiimbet 10
U .S. INTERFERENCE BLOCKING GRENADAIS IMF AID
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has charged that political
interference by the United States of America has prevented
Grenada from receiving any assistance from the World Bank
and Internatidnal Monetary Fund (IMF).
The State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG) broad-
cast on July 4th the text of comments made by Mr Bishop
during his recent visit to the United States and in which
he said he has no fault to find with either the technical
staff or Management of IMF.
The Prime Minister said that, two years ago, a technical
team from the IMF spent several weeks in the island
gathering information and the "Letter: of Intent" they sub-
mitted to all technical sections of the IMF had been app-
Sroved "with full marks". That Letter of Intent had alkla
been fully approved by the IMF Management, but it never
got before the Board of Directors for approval.
"Just three or four days before it was due to come up for
hearing before the Board", Mr Bishop said, "the American
Director on the Board took it off the agenda by applying
The Prime Minister said Grenada's dealing with the IMF
and World Bank has been chacacterised by political inter-
ference, particularly by the United States and, "after
all these years of independence", Grenad*a has not been,
able to get "one single cent" from the World Bank or b,,T
able to establish a stand- by arrangement with the IMP.
Prcowdet& Printed by Alistec *c ynathft itses
P 0 Box 65s, st.deorge, GrenadA, a0t0idlesg
Page 2 THE GRENADA NBWSLESTTER Week Ending 16.7.83
WHITEMAN: DON'T BE COMPLACENT
Minister of Foreig Affairs Unison Whiteman has warned Grenadians not
to becoia opcei a nd urg em to poffe aOinceaF e-the r
vigilance and alertness because i recent visit oe^PiW Min eser!
Maurice Bisho has not ch aged .-be aindiEff 'e RonAd eagan A mi -
istration about Grenada. .
According to the State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada, Mr White-
man made these comments on June 28th as-he addressed a Workers' Parish
Council meeting ,iandhe said Mr Bishop's visit had succeeded in hamp-
ering the plans of the United Statesl
"In terms of the overall view", he said, "what the visit has done is
that it has made it more difficult and more complicated for the Rea-.
gan Administration to attack Grenada in the future".
Mr tWhiteman said the people of the United States .have seen: that
Grenada is a peace-loving ciintry and, if President Reagan were to
try an aggression against Grenada, he would have; greater difficulty
to explain to Americans the reason for the aggression.,,
The Foreign Minister rePerred also to the Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) Heads of Government 'meeting which took-plce .in Trinidad
on July 4th and sa'd this meeting would take -place in a context
where Grenada's "growing international prestige" is being fully
recognized in the region.
He said that'what is being especially recognized is Grenada's "good
and sound economic progress" and, more :and more, many countries in
the region have come to realise that the Grenada revolution is here
Since the last CARICOM Heads of ,Government meeting in Ocho Rios,
Jamaica, Mr Whiteman said, more and more of the masses of the region
have been coming to Grenada and, when they return to their homes,
"they have been talking the truth about Grenada and-they have been
confirming what our Govternment has been saying, that Grenada's human
rights situation is second to none in the'region.t*.
CARD IN BELGRADE
Radio Free Grenada (RFG) announced on June 29th that Deputy Prime
Minister and Ministek of Finance Bernard Coard arrived in Belgrade,
Yugoslavia on June 25th to attend the Sixth United Nations Con-
ference on Trade & Development.
RzG said 'Mr, Coard was taaking the opportunity to. hold bilateral
discussions with- epresentatives of other nations attending the
U.N, meeting, and he had talks- on June,2.8th with representatives of
Week Ending 16.7.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
the Yugoslav Government and th4e Communist Party of the country.
These discussions, the station said, centered on the development of
economic and trade ties between Grenada and Yugoslavia.
According to RFG, Mr Coard was exploring the possibility of expand-
ing Grenada's export markets for agricultural produce and finding
sources of cheaper and better goods for import into the island.
The station said Mr Coard would fly from Belgrade to London on June
29th where he would meet tour operators and representatives of
several Companies and business enterprises. Focus of these meet-
ings would be on economic cooperation aimed at development of the
tourism and manufacturing sectors of Grenada's economy.
Mr Coard was scheduled to deliver the feature address on July 1st
at a ceremony organised by the Caribbean Teachers Association in
RADIX TALKS ON "FISHERMAN'S BIRTHDAY"
In a radio broadcast made on June 28th to mark the religious fest-
ival of St Peter's Day (celebrated in Grenada as "Fisherman's Birth-
day"), Minister of Industrial Development & Fisheries Kendrick
Radix said that, since the revolution of 13th March 1979, a lot of
financial and human resources have been invested in the fishing
"People engaged in this industry enjoy today duty free concessions
on engines", he said, "duty free concessions on fishing gear and
equipment, duty free gasolene for their boats as well as increased
The Minister said the Grenada Fisheries School has been established
and developed, new techniques have been taught to fishermen and,
under the Collaboration Agreement between Grenada and Cuba, master
fishermen from the country have visited Grenada to pass on their
skills to local fishermen.
Mr Radix referred to the EC$7.1 million "Artisanal Fisheries De-
velopment Project" which has been launched, and said this venture
will renovate, modernize and/or establish fishery centres through-
out the State.
These centres, he said, will all have ice making equipment and will
have a holding capacity of 5 tons per day.
Another advantage for fishermen, the Minister said, will be the im-
portatica and sale to them at specially attractive prices of fish-
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER W.ek Ending 16.7.83
ing gear, including safety equipment.
St Peter's Day "Fisherman's Birthday" is celebrated traditionally
with the blessing of fishing boats by members of the Clergy, regattas,
parties and general merrymaking in the fishing districts of the State,
the west coast town of Gouyave usually being the centre of this activ-
PRG SUPPORTS EFFORTS OF CONTADORA GROUP
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has restated its support
for the efforts of Mexico, Panama, Columbia and Venezuela to find a
peaceful and negotiated settlement to conflicts in Central America,
"especially the Salvadoran. war of liberation".
Appearing on an interview programme during the last weekend in June
on the State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada, Foreign Minister
Unison Whiteman voiced this support and praised the peace initiative
announced earlier in June by the Salvadoran guerilla movement.
Mr Whiteman described this initiative as essential to solving the
conflict in El Salvador since it includes the United States as a
party to the peace talks.
'The United States is an important party to the dispute'!, he said.
'"It is well known that. the'United States is propping up the forces
in power. The United States i. financing the war. The United
States is instigating. The United States has the military ad-
visors, it is an American sponsored war and we think it is fitting
for the United States to be involved in the talks".
:1r Vhiteman said that, at the OAS conference in St Lucia in 1981,
even though the delegate from El Salvador was present, it was the
United States which made certain charges "falsely accusing
Ticaragua of being behind certain activities in Central America".
''It was the United States that took the line against Nicaragua",
he said, "and, therefore, it is very clear which are the forces be-
hind the difficulties in El Salvador, and it is fitting that the
United States should be a'party to the talks".
EMG_Tc_ BE__ELAfED_ AEITUALLY"
The July 9th issue of the State owned and managed "Free West Indian"
owspaper (FWI) quotes Minister of National Mobilisation Selwyn
Strachan as saying that a "National People's Assembly or Parlia-
____ ________ ________~~_~
_L I_ __ L_
THE_ RENADA_,gNSLE TTEF
ment" will eventually be elected in Grenada to replace the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) as the country's Government.:
Mr Strachan said that not only members of the PRG and the New Jewel
Movement (NJM) will be eligible for election to that Assembly but
also members of the island's communities.
Grenada's Constitution was suspended on 13th March 1979 when NJM
overthrew by force of arms the Govertment of Prime Minister Eric
Gairy and, on 4th June last, Mr Strachan announced that the PRG had
appointed a Constitutional Commission to produce, within 2 years,
a draft Constitution for the island.
In framing that Constitution, the Commission must follow certain
"guiding principles upon which the revolution is based", and one of
these principles is "the building of a new and just society, peo-
ple's participation in grassroots democracy, national unity".
Mr Strachan said that the goal is to have a Council elected in
each village or, where that is not practical, a Council for two
villages. These Village Councils will each elect a Village
Assembly and the Village Assemblies will elect representatives to
form a Parish Assembly. The National Assembly will be elected
by and from among representatives of the various Parish Assemblies.
As the revolution develops, Mr Strachan said, the democratic
structure is being deepened. At first, Parish Councils were
established but, after one year, when these Councils became over-
crowded, Zonal Councils were set up.
Mr Strachan said "people's democracy" is now going even further
with new structures called "Village Co-ordinating Bodies" (VCB).
The VCB, he explained, is an NJM initiative which will eventually
be replaced by the.Village Assemblies, and will comprise 3JJM as well
as ordinary community members. The VCB will be responsible for
dealing with grievances as well as with community development.
Minister of National Mobilisation & Labour, Selwyn Strachan, has
called on the 4-H MovementNin Grenada to stop "operating under-
ground".and start publicising the "fantastic work" the Movement has
done over the last four years.
According to the State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG),
Mr Strachan made this call on July 11th as he addressed members of
the Movement on the occasion of the 4-H National Achievement Day
- continued -
Week Ending 16.7.83
Pae6 ee niDAn167ET8
"Apparently", he said, "you are operating underground. You have to
remember that you can only operate underground when you have a re-
pressive and oppressive regime in power, and the repressive and opp-
ressive regime was gotten rid of since 1979".
Mr Strachan said that, since there is now freedom, democracy and
peoples participation in Grenada, it is the right of the 4-H Move-
ment to publicise and the right of Grenadians to know about the
good work the Movement is doing.
SERG_. _ FAlTMHM"-^ INfWBTE_ E wTOy
Minister of:Education Jacqueline Creft has emphasised that the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) feels that development of
Grenada will involve the private, public and cooperative sectors.
The State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said on July 12th
that this emphasis was laid by Miss Creft in her address at the
opening ceremony of a recently concluded seminar for the private
sector organized by the Ministry of Planning and sponsored by the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Regional Training project.
The Minister said seminars for the private sector organised by the
Ministry of Planning demonstrate the PRG's faith in the ability of
that sector to make a contribution to meaningful national develop-
ment. That faith, Miss Crest said, is part of the principle of
the tri-partite effort in development.
1.EEK. OESLIArDArlTYrm SURINAM
The Peoples Revolutionary Government declared the week ending
30th July to be a week of solidarity with the people of Surinam
and, in a statement read on the state owned and managed Radio Free
Grenada (RFG), Foreign Minister Unison Vhiteman outlined the
importance of this gesture.
The PRG is very interested in developing relations with countries
in this region, he said, and Surinam has a lot in common with
Crenada in that it has a revolutionary process under way which is
"We know from press reports", Mr Whiteman said, "that the CIA has
had plans, they have been hatching a plot to attack the Government
nd 'people of Surinam and, therefore, it is fitting for us to ex-
tend a hand of solidarity to the Government and people of Surinam
at this time."
Veek Ending 16.7.83
SrHBiEHAQA ErWS LEI EB
The United Nations Pood & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the
Canadian Agency for Development & Peace, have assisted in financing
establishment in Grenada of a factory for manufacturing candied
This was announced on July 9th by the State owned and managed Radio
Free Grenada, ,d the station said the factory will be in production
by the end of August.
The factory, part of the labour for which was supplied by cooperat-
ive effort, will cost EC$75,000 and will be operated by the Gren-
fruit Women's Cooperative.
Forty new scholarships offered to Grenada by the Government of Cuba
will bring to 330 the number of the island's students studying
According to the State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG),
these new scholarships have been given under the Cuba/Grenada
1983/84 Collaboration Agreement and cover a wide range of fields.
Eighteen scholarships are available in the fields of medicine, phar-
macology, dentistry, engineering, architecture, agricultural eco-
nomics and veterinary medicine while 22 are in the fields of early
childhood, blood bank operation, dispensary, road construction,
irrigation and drainage, soil amd agro-chemistry and operation of
industrial electrical systems.
Minister of Education Jacqueline Creft told RFG that the Cuban
scholarships represent not just continuation of, that country's
fraternal assistance but a deepening of collaboration in the sphere
Because doctors in the United States do not make home calls,
it is the practice of many people with non-life-threateniag
ailments to go to hospital emergency departments.
This view was expressed to NEWSLETTER by Mr Arthur Massolo,
Director of Public Affairs of the Grenada based St Georges
University School of Medicine, and Mr Massolo said that,
because of fhis, more doctors are needed in the United
Veek Ehding 16.7.83
Page 8 _EG-ENADANEKSEEB Vyeeik Ending 16.7.83
"The American Medical Association (AMA) says there are too many
physicians in.the United States", he said, "and they often quote
a United States Federal Report which says there will be a surplus
of doctors in the U.S. by 1990. But, it is almost impossible now
to find a doctor on a Wednesday or Saturday, the days they play
golf, and it all depends on what you call 'surplus'."
The presence of the AMA in the American medical system is "pervasive",
MrzMatsolo-daid, and the AMA has always objected to the entry of
graduates of foreign medical schools into that system.
"But, in spite of that resistance", he said, "our School continues
to flourish and excel'- because of the qualifications we expect of
student applicants and the School's rigid discipline in basic
sciences which are comparable if not superior to U.S. schools of
St Georges University School of Medicine, established in Grenada
in 1977, has scored the second highest average passing mark,-for
United States citizens attending medical schools foreign to the
United States and taking the examinations of the Educational
Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (BCFMG) over the period
1980 to 1982.
First in the world is the Sackier School of Medicine of the Univer-
sity of Tel-Aviv, Israel, with a passing average of 99%, St Georges
University School of Medicine running second with 82%.
Other positions and percentages on medical schools in the Caribbean
Community are, American University of the Caribbean, Montsermat,
26th with 46%, Ross University, Dominica, 32nd with 42%, Univer-
sity of the West Indies, Jamaica, 37th with 41%, and St Lucia
Health Sciences University, St Lucia, 84th with 13%.
Before being admitted to practice medicine in the United States,
a graduate of a medical school foreign to the United States must
pass the BCFMG examination.
BISHOP LIKES NEW UWI PLAN
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has said that a decision involving
the University of the West Indies (UWI) made at the recent Carib-
bean Community (CARICOM) Heads of Government meeting in Trinidad,
has the potential for "breaking the back of the fuedal structure
)f control within the UWI where a few people make all the decisions".
Mr Bishop was referring to the decision to establish at the UWI Cave
*ill campus in Barbados, an Office of University Services, headed by
Week Ending 16.7.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
~eeds of the countries o
a Vice-Chancellot and responsible for the needs of the countries of
a i '-h 'Othr on
the Organisation ao ast Caribbean States (OECSQ and other nn
"One of the things that wl will be doing very closely over the next
few weeks and month s-, Mr Bishop told the State owned and ai-naged
Radio Free Grenada -'~i, monitoring ail aspects of the decision
that was arrived at. We are.going to be seeing when the Urj-ver-
sity Council meets and whether steps are being taken towards es-
tablishment of the COffice of University Services."
The Prime Minister said his Government will also be following very
closely what happens in the areas of accreditation, turtiary edu-
cation and other relevant areas.
The Peoples Revolutionary Government will be struggling to preserve
a centre in the University to ensure that, when Trinidad & Tobago,
Barbados and Jamaica', the individual campus territories, develop ",
their Campus Councils, r 'Bishop said, there will remain a central
policy making body that is able to oversee and superintend what
happens in each campus territory in fundamental areas of policy.
SI --PAUL ON VACATION
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon left the State on July llth for a
vacation which will tai- him to Britain and Ttaly.
According to the Government Gazette of July 8th, while on vacation,
Sir Paul is scheduled to have audiences with Her Majesty Queen
Elizabeth and with His Holiness the Pope.
During Sir Paul's absence from the State, which lasts until August
13th, Mr Allan LaGrehade adts as Governor General.
Fi1nD^j i -,EQREALLQOW -MQQ-LAUD
A survey is being made in Grenada to ascertain what crops farmers
would like to plant in a19da from which Moco diseased banana plants
have been removed.
According to a release from the Windward Islands Banana Association,
(WINBAN), many banana farmers replant their fields with bananas too
soon after the diseadid Dlarts have been eradicated and the new
plants become infected with Mbco.
A meeting hld in Gtoenda oh June 16th (attended by representatives
of VINBAN, the Caribbean AgriCultural Research & Development
Institute (CARDI); the Ministry of Agriculture and the Grenada
D"ge 10 M Agg NaDAPNEWSLETTER ,eek Ending 167.83
banana Cooperative Society) discussed this matter and,accepted a pro-
posal that the survey should be conducted as a means of assisting
farmers to utilise their land during the period when bananas should
not be replanted.
Moco disease (Bacterial Vascular Wilt) was discovered in Grenada in
1978 and has done extensive damage to banana plantations in this
island. The disease is very difficult to control and, some 20
years ago, it completely destroyed Trinidad's banana industry.
To date, the disease has not been reported in any of the other;
Windward Islands (St Vincent, St Lucia and Dominica), and a EC$80C,000
grant from the European Development Fund has financed a project under-
taken in October 1982 to contain and eradicate Moco disease in
S.G EQHQMIfINDI CATERS
During the first quarter of 1983, the value of all domestic exports
from Grenada increased by 8. 9% as compared with the first quarter
This is disclosed by figures published by Government's Central
Statistical Office (CSO), these figures showing that the valme of
exports of cocoa, nutmogs and bananas increased respectively by
1 .4, 10.2% and 41.4% as compare d with the same period last'year.
In assessing these figures, however, it should be noted that Grenada's
domestic exports have experienced a succession of bad years and
comparing percentages differences from one year to another may be
misleading in arriving at the state of the present situation.
For instance, the first quarter of 1983 shows an increase over the
same quarter in 1982 but the gains shown have to be considered in
the light of the fact that, in the first quarter of 1982, the value
of exports of cocoa, nutmegs and bananas were already down res-
pectively by 30.6%, 38.% and 17.8% as compared with the first
quarter of 1981. A clearer picture can be had by establishing
1978 as a "base year" and comparing the actual value of exports.
in 1976, the value of cecoa exports was EC$19.6 million ana thiL
figure rose to EC$27.0 million in 1979. Cocoa exports in 1980
fell to EC$18.2 million, remained almost static in 1981 at EC$18.0
million and fell to EC$12.- million in 1982. During the first
-arter of 1978, the total value of cocoa exports was EC$8.2 million
jrom which the 1983 first quarter figure of EC$5.2 million shows a
drop of 36.6%.
- continued -
Veek Ending 16,7.83 IT2E =EAAJEVSLETTEB Page 11
Nutmege (and mace) exports in 1978 were valued at EC$10.7 million,
this figure.rose to EC$12.4 million in 1979, there were reductions
to EC$8. million in 1980 and to EC$8.1 million in both 1981 and
1982. The January to March figure fpr 1978 was EC$3.5 million
and the figure for the corresponding period in 1983 was EC$1.5
million, a fall of 54*5%,
The export figure for ,bananas for 1978 was EC$9.0 million and that
for the years 1979 to 1982 was respectively EC$10.0 million,
BC$11.1 million, BC$iO.O million ahd EC$9.1 million. Exports in
the first quarter of 1978 were BC$2.3 million and this increased by
8.7% in the first quarter of 1983 to EC$2.5 million.
Total imports in the first quarter of 1983 were EC$41.8 million,
an increase of 17.6% over imports for the first quarter of last
year. In January of 1983, imports fell to EC$10.7 million, a
decrease of 24.7% from the December figure of EC$14.3 million, but
there were increases in February and March to totals of BC$11.3
million and BC$19.8 million.
Import figures ,were influenced upwards in January by consignments
of EC$1 million worth of raw sugar and EC$400,000 worth of cement
from Cuba, EC$338,000 worth of powdered milk from France and
BC$200,000 worth of cardboard boxes. There was a general
decrease in January in the importation of fuels and lubricants as
compared with December 1982.
In February, food impox's fell to EC$2.8 million from the January
figure of EC$4.3 million but there was a significant rise in the
importation of fuels as a result of consignments of BC$1 million
worth of diesel oil and EC$800,OOO worth of gasolene. In Feb-
ruary also, there was an importation of a shipment of semi-finished
women's clothing valued at over EC$440,000.
The marked increase in imports in March was due mainly to consign-
ments of EC$300,000 worth of printing paper, BC$367,000 worth of
un-assembled stoves and over EC$800,000 worth of agricultural
tools from the Soviet Union.
Sinoe:1977, private remittances to the island have shown a marked
upward trend. \In that year, the total under this head was
BC$12.2 million and, from 1978 to 1982, the figures respectively
have been BC$12.7 million, BC$33.4 million, EC$30.3 million,
EC$36.8 million and EC$49.9 million.
In the first quarter of 1983, private remittances fell by 39% from
the 1982 first quarter figure of BC$12.8 million and stood at
EC$7.8 million, and this may indicate the start of a fall off this
year of foreign currency -imrut under this head.
- continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Government revenue also has shown a marked upward trend, the increase
being most noticeable after 1978. Relevant figures for the years
1978 to 1982 are EC$34.9 million, BC$44.2 million, EC$47.0 million,
BC$47*9 million and EC$55.0 million.
The trend continues in the first quarter of 1983, the Government
revenue in this period being EC$17.1 million, a rise of 27.5% bver
EC$13.4 million, the figure for the corresponding period in 1982.
sister Hughes Cynthia Hughes
16th July 1983
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies
Week Ending 16.7.83