The Grenada newsletter

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00277


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text









NEWS LETTEFT
FOUNDED 17Ti AUGUST 1973
For The Week ftdig .25 jh June 1983.
13th Year of Publication- - - -288th Issue


Volume 11


Number 9


INDICTMENTS "A NULLITY"


There were violent scenes in the courtyard of Grenada's rum-
ber 2 High Court on June 22nd when a man, freed by the
Court, resisted being taken back to Richmind Hill Prisons
by members of the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA).

The pan,,Wilton De.Raviniere, who has been detained since
2nd November 1979, was charged under the Terrorism (Prevent-
ion) Law with being in possession of explosives for an unlaw-
ful purpose. The offence is alleged to have been 'commit-
ted in November 1979.

De Raviniere was unrepresented in' Court, but submissions
made by Council in another case called under the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law affected his case and, on June 22nd, Mr
Justice Jamit Patterson discharged De Raviniere and the
accused in the other case.

These cases were first called before Mr Justice Patterson
on June 16th when barristers for the defence submitted to
the Court that the Terrorism (Prevention) Law is not valid.
They pointed out to the Trial Judge that Peoples Law 10/1979
states that ".... Peoples Laws shall become effective upon
oral declaration and/or publication on Radio Free Grenada by
the Prime Minister or in the official Gazette under the hand
of the Prime Minister."

They also pointed out that that law, passed on 28th March
1979, was signed by Mr Maurice Bishop as Prime Minister,
but they asked the Court to note that Mr Bishop was not
continued -


Pto&ducd?&-Pri*ted by Alister & Cynthia HRaghes


I




I


-r.


t- 3i?^
P^A W?






Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 25 Te.83


made Prime Minister until the following day, March 29th 1979, when
Peoples Law 11/1979 was passed appointing him., They argued that
Mr Bishop was not Prite Minister whe.; he signed Law l10/'979 andd i
therefore, that Law and, conseQuently', the Terror im (Preventio n)
Law, is not valid.

The defence lawyers also argued that the notes of the Magistrate
who conducted the Preliminary Inquiry are defective in that they do
not indicate clearly that the prescribed criminal procedures Were
complied with.

In reply, the Prosecution argued that the laws are valid because,.
on March 28th 1979, Peoples Laws numbers 1 to 10 were "orally
declared and popularly acclaimed" by the people of Grenada. In
connection with the Magistrate's notes, the Prosecution admitted
that they are defective but said an affidavit could be produced to
correct the defects.

The sitting of the Court was adjourned to June 20th when the
affidavit was produced, but Mr JuStice Patterson cast some doubt
on the effectiveness of this document.

"I do not know how much weight I can give this affivadit", he said,
"because if is logical to expect that the defence will submit their
own affidavit contradicting it."

The sitting of the Court was adjourned until June 22nd when Mr Jus-
tice Patterson gave his ruling and said. that, with reference to the
validity of the Terrorism (Prevention) Law, the submissions of the
defence are with out merit. The Trial Judge gave no reasons but
said that that law is valid.

In connection with the conduct of the Preliminary Inquiry, Mr Justice
Pattetson said he rejected the Magistrate's affidavit.

"I wish to make it clear", he said, "that what I have to say in no
way attributes blame to the learned Magistrate, but it would be a
dangerous precedent to accept affidavits to correct lapses by the
Magistrate."

Mr Justice Patterson referred to the rules of procedure set out in
Grenada's Criminal Procedure (Preliminary Inquiries) Act of 1978
which allows evidence to be taken by the Magistrate in the form of
sworn statements (without cross examination) if the defendants are
represented by Council and of Council agree to this procedure.

He referred also to the schedule of the Terrorism (Prevention) Law i,
which amends the R 0es of Procedure of the 1978 Act.,and allows the
Magistrate to admit all evidence in the form of sworn statements
without having to get the agreement of Council. That amendment
liso sets out a mandatory procedure to be followed.
continued-


f I_


_





Week Ending .5 .6.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3


Mr Justice Patterson said the Magistrate's notes do not in-
dicate clearly that this mandatory procedure had been followed
and, that being the case, the Inquiry should have been con-
ducted under the Rules of Procedure of the 1978 Act. This
had not been done and, therefore, the indictment was a nullity
and he discharged all the accused.

In addition to De Raviniere who was charged separately,, seven
persons who were charged under the Terrorism (Prevention) Law
for the shooting to death of four young men on November 17th
1980 were also discharged They are Jimmy Julien, Isaac
James, Densil Richardson, Annas Pascall and her children
Richard, Catherene and Matthew.

All these persons were taken away by the PRA after their
discharge and it appears that they have been rearrested
pending the holding of another Preliminary Inquiry.

In reply to a question from the Prosecution, the Trial Judge
said his discharge of these accused does not preclude the
institution of proceedings for the holding of another Pre-
liminary Inquiry.

Council for James and Richardson was barrister Ernest John
while barrister Michael Andrews represented Jimmy Julien and
the Pascalls. De Raviniere was unrepresented.

Appearing for the Prosecution was Jamaica born Mr Langston
Sibbles who, until recently, was Grenada's Director of Public
Prosecutions (DPP). Mr Sibbles resigned and was replaced
by another Jamaican, Mr Richard Hart as DPP, but Mr Sibbles
was brought back frdn Jamaica to take the case..




SYLVESTER: "FORCE NOT RULED OUT".

The United States based Grenada Movement for Freedom & Democracy
(GMFD) is dedicated to the overthrow of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) "by whatever means are necessary".

This was disclosed on June 12th in a Voice of America (VOA) inter-
view with Grenada born barrister Mr Michael Sylvester, GMFD Presi-
dent, and Mr Sylvester, who lives in New York, said attainment of
his organisation's objectives "certainly does not rule out the use
of force".

Mr Sylvester was part of a small demonstration which picketed the
hotel in Washington, D.C. at which, on June 4th, Prime Minister
Mauri'e Bishop addressed a gathering of Trans Africa, a United
States Black advocacy group. continued -





THE GRNAEA NEWSLETTER


Mr Bishop gave Trans Africa details of the CdHs'titutional Commission
set up by the PRA to produce a Constitution for Grenada, and VOA asked
Mr Sylvester for his comments' on the announced personnel of that
Commission. ,

Mr Sylvester described Trinidad barrister Mr, Alan Alexander (who heads
the Commission), as a "Black Power advocate and activists" with close
ties to the National Joint Action Committee of Trinidad &-Tobago which,
Mr Sylvester said,, is "a political party of sorts whose main objective
is the violent overthrow of the duly elected Government and the estab-
lishment of a: racist, communist dictatorship."

"That man', he said, "is Bishops paid principal advisor."

Jamaica born Mr Richard Hart, recently appointed Grenada' s Attorney
General and another member of the Commission, Mr Sylvester said is
an "avowed communist" who was "expelled from the Peoples National
Party of Jamaica by the late Normah Manley for his communist activ-
ities."

The third person named by Mr Bishop to the Commission is Mr Ashley
Taylor, a Grenadian barrister who is, Legal Advisor to Grenada's
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Mr Sylvester attacked Mr Taylor's
character and said,he was an active member of the Canadian Comm-
unist Party.

In his address, Mr Bishop told Trans Africa that the Constitutional
Commission is comprised of these three jurists and representatives
of the Trade Union Council and mass organizations and willproduce
a Constitution which will reflect the views of "all classes,
strata and sections".

"The new Constitution", he said, "will define all aspects of our
electoral process and, in particular,, will institutionalist the
systems of popular democracy which have been introduced by our
Government ....."

In his interview with VOA, Mr Sylvester was critical of Mr Bishop's
"systems of popular democracy" and the form the new Constitution
will take.

"Grenadians know that for a Constitution to emerge", he said, "it
Oould surely only serve to finalise the apparatus of terror and
brutality by which they (the PRG) came to power."

r` Sylvester said there is no "democratic life" in the mass
"rganisations created by Mr Bishop's New Jewel Movement, and he
chi-rged that the PRG has been forced, in recent times, to provide
free public transport in'order to get 'Attendance at rallies and
t-.eetings.


- continued -


Week Endina 25.6.83




Week Ending 25,.6.83 1HE_ RENADA_.NEWLETTER Page 5


Queried by NEWSLETTER, 'I Taylor denied that he has ever been a
member of the Canadian Communist Party. Mr Richard Hart was not
available for comment but has previously stated to NEWSLETTER that
he is a Marxist but has never belonged to a Commusinst Party.




A L.__MQ___TA__._AGS_ -__ .

Mr Ashley Taylor, Legal Advisor to Grenada's Ministry of Foreign
Affairs and a member of the Commission recently appointed to produce
a Constitution for Grenada, said today he may be taking legal action
against the Voice of America (VOA) and Mr Michael Sylvester, Pres-
ident of the Grenada Movement for Freedom and Democracy (GMSD).

"I am taking Council's advice to see what sort of legal remedies
would be available against Mr Sylvester and the Voice of Americ% for
the apparently libellous nature of the references made about me zy
Mr Sylvester and broadcast by the iVoice of America", Mr Taylor tola
NEWSLETTER.

This development arises from an interview with ;Mr Sylvester broad-
cast by VOA on June 12th.

Mr Sylvester, a Grenadian barristor now residentt in New York, was
asked by the VOA to give his reactions to the persons appointed by
the Peoples/Revolutionary Government (FRG) to the Constitutional.
Commission .

GMFD, the organisation which Mr Sylvester heads, is dedicated to the
overthrow of the PRG "by whatever means are necessary" and
Mr Sylvester told VOA that this objective "certainly does not rule
out t~ie use of force".




TWQEaWTAX_LAWEASaEQ

The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has passed two new laws
which impose additional taxation on Grenadians.

Peoples Law 17/1983 amends the International Airport Levy Law
(People's Law 10/1982) which fixed a tax of 2% to be paid on the CIF
value of imported goods with a few exceptions. The new law
raises the percentage to 5.

The other new law, 18/1983, amends the Motor Vehicles & Road Traffic
(Amendment) Law, Peoples Law 9/1981. That Law imposed a purchase
tax of 30% of the show-room price on vehicles, and the law now
passed -increames that percentage to 40.
continued -






Week EhigR -20.6 83"


Informed sources-in the motor vehicle trade told NEWSLETTER that the
increases in purchase tax will put the prices of the average lower
priced car up by about just over EC$2,000 and the.increase on higher
priced cars will run from about EC$3,000 upwards.

Mr Richard Menezes, President of the Grenada Chamber of Industry &
Commerce told NEWSLETTER that a meeting of the Chamber had been called
for June 22nd to discuss these taxes.

Both of these new laws are dated 10th June.




RESEARCH ON DETAINEES
Prison Authorities in Grenada, since August 1980, have not made an
official list of detainees available. At that time, there were
91 political prisoners held at Richmond Hill Prisons and there was
also an unknown number of detainees held at Fort Rupert (formerly
Port George), headquarters of the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA)
and at Mount Royal, the official residence of deposed :Prime Minis-
ter Eric Gairy.

Last November 17th, a group of political prisoners was released and
NEWSLETTER made a request to the then Commissioner of Prisons,
Mr Patrick MacLeish, for the names of these persons. Mr MacLeish
referred this request to the then Commissioner of .Police, Major Ian
St Bernard who referred the matter back to Mr MacLeish who then re-
leased the names of 28 persons set free.

There was a further release of detainees on December 17th lasy'and,
cn the following day, Commissioner MacLeish confirmed the release but
-said information relative to the names of the persons set free would
not t~e available until December 20th.

When contacted on December 20th, however, the Commissioner of Prisons
-aid the information would have to be released by the Ministry of the
Interior and application should be made to Majo. Ian St Bernard.

Contacted by phone at his office on that same day, Major St Bernard
i-quired of NEWSLETTER as to when Mr MacLeish had referred the matter
to him. Major St Bernard said he was very busy and was unable to
attend to the matter immediately, but he promised to call NEWSLETTER
with the requested information.

Since then, Major St Bernard has not given the information and, be-
cause there havei been no official released relative to. political
prisoners held and released, there have been widely differing esti-
nates of the number of detainees held by the Peoples Revolutionary
Gov.-rnment.
continued -





THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
4-- i I =


These estimates range from 1"20 to 30'" to "over 300" and, in an effort
to arrive at a realistic figure, over the past six months, NEWSLETTER!
has instituted research on this matter.

In June of last year, NEWSLETTER drew up a list of detainees held by
the PRG, which list was based on local inquiries and on information
contained in letters received from members bf Amnesty International,
the London based human rights organisation. These letters, ex-
pressing concern that political prisoners are being held without
charge or trial, frequently quote the date of detention and make
inquiries by name about sp-'.fic detainees.

That list has now been updated by.the same methods and is published
below. It must be emphasized, however, that the list cannot
be regarded as definitive or 100% accurate because of the reluctance
of some sources to'give information relative to either arrest or
release. It is unlikely, however, that the official list or
political prisoners will vary by more than two or three persons,
more or less, than the figures given below.

Since the first list published by NEWSLETTER in June 1982, there hav
S'inc tt fT in Je 1982, tereals
been developments relative to the charging of some detainees, trials
and other matters, and relative information is given below also.


PERSONS DETAINED WITHOUT CHARGE
Name Address Detained
Alexander, Cletus Mt,.Rose, St Patricks 11. 7.81
Alexis, Adrian Mt.Rich, St Patricks 26.11.80
Alexis, Raymond Munich, St Andrews 4. 1.80
Andrews, Michael Marquis, St Andrews 11. 7.81 Former Member PRA
Augustine, Denis Hermitage,St.Patricks 27. 6.80

Bartholomew,Sydney Tivoli, St Andrews 8. 5.80
Belingy, Alroy Mt.Rich, St Patricks 4.12.80
Berrotte, Martin Mt.Gay, St Georges 9. 3.81
Bhola, Evan Tivoli, St Andrews 7. 5.80 Former Jewel Acti-
vist.
Bonapart, Samuel: Marlmount, St Davids ???
Bowen, James Westerhall, St Davids 4.11.79 Former Policeman.
Boyke, Peter Carenage, St Georges ???

Calliste, Irie .'BeatonSAe_-St Davids ???
Calliste, Leon La Poterie,St .Adrews 22. 6.80
Campbell, Tonil Sauteurs,St Patricks ?. 8.82
Charles, Aoutiie ??? ???
Charles, Duncan Tivoli, St.Andrews 5. 7.81
Charles, Emmanual Tivoli, St.Andrews 29. 4.80 Former Jewel Acti-
vist & PRA Lieu-
tenant,
Charles, Leroy Sauteurs, St Patricks 26. 6.81
Chitan, Crofton Moyah, St.Andrews 19.11.80
Chitfi, Kenny Tivoli, St Andrews ???
Crowe, Win t
(Ra'ta Nang Nang?)River Road,St.Georges 11. 7.81 Former Member PRA.
Arrested twice iee-
tails of first
arrest unknown.
Cuffie, Stephan RiverRoad,St.Georges 4.11.79 Fprmer Policeman.
continued -


Week Ending 25.6.83







eTHE' bsRENADj /NERWSLatERR


SItis an unfortunate 0-istorid i fact;th'at very effort on our paft:
to achieve this has been ignored;', fe ld he 3th O-etuibe hemiSphieric
organisation.
"Bishop did not mention his country ties with Cuba and th Sg et
Union, which ma e the Reagan Administration uneasy, but said hiii
Government's foreign policy was n6n-algnred rnd anti-colonial. ,. .









S25th Jnei 1983 i


Printed & Published by 'the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Ihughes, Jourpa Jists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies


V6leak' -YjidjAI -25A.'. 5 3'_?


Pade''18









E3 e 1
Davis, Carlos
De Sousa, Raymond


Fleming, Selwyn

George, Benedict
Gilbert, Raphael
Gilbert, Thomas


THE GR NADA NEWSLETTER


Address
Grand Anse, St Georges
La Borie, St Georges


Mt.Rich, St Patricks

Nt.Carmel, St Andrews
7??
Windsor Forest,St Davide


Week Ending 25.6.83


Detained
7. 3.80
13. 3.79 Former :Police Su-
perintendent

14. 9.80

6.11.79 Former Policeman

11. 7.79 Former Member PRA.
Arrested twice.
Details of first
arrest unknown.


Henry, Benedict
.'enry, Isaiah


James, Hayes
James, Michael
James, Vaughn
Jessemie, Venice.
John, Herbert
Jones, Terrence

Joseph, Barry
joseph, Jacqueline
Joseph, Leroy
Joseph, Roland

!lsingh, Kenny
Langdon, Antonio
Lashley, Peter


Lett, Wayne
Lewis, Stephen
Logie, C
Logie, Locksley

Vaxulin, Leroy
litchell, Denis


.'-ng Nang, Rasta
A-:,d, Worrel
.:elson, Rodney


Iimblette, Hudson
Noel, Joseph
Noel, Leroy
Noel, Lloyd








'oel, Vaughn
'"yack, Ronnie


Tivoli, St Andrews
7??7


Chantimelle, St Patricks
Mt.Rich, St Patricks
*Mt.Rich, St Patricks
River Road, St.Georges
Tivoli, St.Andrews
Byelands, St.Andrews

Mt.Airy, St Pauls
Hermitage ,S ;.Patricks

Tivoli, St.Andrews

Sauteurs, St.Patricks
Happy Hill, St.Geocrges
Carenage, St.Georges


- Grand Anse, St.Georges
Tivolij4 St:.Andrews
??? .
Chahtimelle ,St.Patricks

-. ?, 7 ? ? .. : . .;.
River Road, St Georges



River. Road, St Georges
Hermitage, St Patricks
Tivoli, St.Andrews


Paddock, St Georges
MAdays, St Patricks..
Belmont,;St Georges
Gouyave, St Johns








Walker, St Andrews.
LaFillette, St Andrews


8. 5.80
7??


15.10.79
4. 7.80
5. 6.81
22. 7.82
26. 6.80
23. 3.79

??
29. 7.80

.8. 5.80

15.10.79
15. 8.79
7. 8.80


3.11.79
19. 6.80
777??
24. 6.81

15. .82
15. 8.82


14.10.79
???
7. 5.80


1.12.80
26. 9.82
6. 3.80


May have been
arrested twice.







Former Jewel
Activist &
Member PRA.


Former Jewel
Activist &
Member PRA.


11. 7.81 Former Member
Jewel and Mem-
ber PRG. Acting
Attorney Gener-
al until re-
signed from PRG
9.6.80. Legal
Advisor to "The
Grenadian Voice'
15. 5.80 Former Member PRA
7. 5.80 Former Jewel
Activist.


- continued -





Week Ending 25.6.83


Name
Pancho, Eddie
Patrick, Bernard
Phillip, Brenda
Phillip, Noble
Pierreg, Leslie.




opep, Dai.ton


THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER


Address "
S,???.. :. ;
Tivoi,, ,St.Andrews
La -Potrie. St Andrews


Detained

??. 1.81


Mt.Rich, St Patricks 25. 3.79
Westerhall, St Georges 11. 7.81 Isrdand Scout
Commissioner.
Editor of "The
GIenadian
Voice"
P4.Rich, St. bricks 23. 1.83 Arrested tWice.
First arrested
25.3.79: re-
leased December
1982: rearrested
23.1.82.


Richardson, Dave
Roberts, Alstoh
Roberts, Edwin
Roberts, Stanley


Rodney, Michael
Romain, Derek
Romain, Jerome








Royce, Peter

Scott, Stephen
Simon, Lawrence
Stanislaus, Neville


t .Rich,$ St Patricks
Muanich, St.Andrews
-??? .. .. l
Piedmerteaps ,. St.S Davids
:. ' -

' :. "


Mt.Carmel,. St.
Tivoli, St.Anc
Be month, St Ge4


St Pails i. St .
Tivoli, St Pa-
Mt.Rich, St PI


telesford, Fabian Vincennesi, St -Bavids :
Thomas, Tillman Hermitage, St Patricks


Toussaint, Emmanual La,Poterie, St Andrews


Whyte, Winston

Williams, Godfrey


30.11.80
23,12.80
???
23.. 1.83 Assistant
Secretary oa
:: :Seamen & Watgr-
front Workers
- Union. Arrested
.. .: twice. First
arrest 11.7.81:
released just
.;r before Christmaq
1982: rearrested


23.1.83
.Andrews 17.12.79
irews .1.80
forges '11.79 Former Manager
Radio Grenada.
S '" : ''-" Detained a few
days after
13.3.79. Re-
S" leased end of
April 1979.
.'R. .-. arrested
6.11.79.


3eorges 9. 3.81
tricks 28.10.80
atr.icks 77,
*''' *. : ..* *


27.11.81
11. 7.81 Legal Advisor
to1VThe Gre-
nadian Voice"
8. 5.80 Fbrme4 Member
of PRA.

15.10.79 Former Member.
. of Parliament.
10. 5.80 Former Member
of PRA.


Grand Anse, St Georges

Tivoli, St Andrews


Total 81 Persons

iRA = Peoples Revioutionary .Army
PRG = Peoples Revolutionary Government


- continued -


Page 9


-1


???





THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER


PERSONS DETAINED, CHARGED, TRIED,
DISiHARGED BY COURT, REDBfApaED


J. Francis Jones




Roland Budhlall





Kennedy Budhlall


.'addy Victor


Layne Phillip


race Augustine
Russel Budhlall


Kenneth "Buck'"
Budhlall


of Westerhall, St Davids. Former Superintendent 'of
Prisons. Detained 13:3.79. Charged with steal-"
ing (Case 301/79), found not guilty and discharged
by Court 27.3.80. Redetained.

of Tivoli, St Andrews. Former Jewel Activist and
member of the Peoples Revolutionary Army. Detained
2.7.80. Charged under the Terrorism 'Prevention)
Law with the "Bomb Blast" murders of 19.6.80 (Case
334/81), found not guilty and discharged 1.11.82.
Redetained.
of Tivoli, St.Andrews. Former Jewel Activist and
Peoples Revolutionary Army Lieutenant. Detained
23.4;80. Charged under the Terrorism (Prevention)
Law with conspiring to overthrow the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government; o 25th April 1980 (Case ,
437/812, found not guilty*ty the Magistrate in the
Preliminary Inquiry and discharged 28.9.82. Re-
detained. The Director of Public Presecutions
has requested that the Magistrate's decision be
submitted to a Judge of the High Court for review.


PERSON DETAINED, CHARGED, TRIED, FOUND
GUILTY, SERVED SENTENCE, REDETAINED

of Vincennes, St Davids. Former Jewel Activist
mand maber of the 'Poples, Revolutionary Army, D"-
tained. Charged under the Terrorism (Prevention)
Law with being in possession bf a firearm on 14,10.794
(Case 15/1982), fund guilty and sentenced on
24.2.82 to 2 years in jail. Sentence expired
2.6.83, redetained.

jRSONS DETAINED, CHARGED, TRIED. FOUND
GUILTY, NOW IN CUSTODY AWAITING APPEAL


of Hermitage, St Patricks. Former Jewel Activist
and member of Peoples Revolutionary Army, Detained,
25.6.80
of Morne Fendue, St Patricks. Detained ,25,6.,80
of Tivoil, St Patricks. Former Jewel Activist and
member of the Peoples Revolutionary Army. Detained
2.7.80.


of Tivoli, St Patricks.


Detained 2.7.80


These four persons were charged under the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law with the "Bomb Blast" murders of
19.6.80. (Case 334/81). They were found guilty
ond, on 1.11.82, were sentenced to death. They
have appealed against the sentence.
Kenneth Budhlall Was charged in another case under the
Terrorism (Pzevention) Law with conspiring on 25.4.80
to overthrow the Peoples Revolutionary Government
(Case 437/81). He was found not guilty*by the
Magistrate in the Preliminary Inquiry and discharged
on 28.9.82. The Director of Publit Pi6secutions has
requested 'that the Magdstrate's decision be submitter
to a Judge of the High'Court for review.


NOTE The decision of the Magistrate in case 437/81 against Kennedy
Budhlall and Kenneth "Buck" Budhlall was that there is
insufficient evidence to send them to the High Court for trial.
continued -


Week Ending 25.6,83


Pane 10





Week Ending 25.6.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11


PERSONS DETALN EB. CHARGED,
AWAITING TRIAL

Wilton DeRaviniere : of PommO e Rose St.David$ Former Police
Corporal. Detained 2.11.79. Charged on
3 23"'k.8i'under "the TerrSriksm (Prevention) Law
with being in possession of explosives (Case
7/1983). This case was heard -i n High
Court and, on June 22nd 1983, the accused was
discharged by the Trial Judge when it was found
that the indictment was "a nullity".DeRaviniere:
was redetained and it is understood that another
Preliminary Inquiry is to be held.
Richard Pascoll of Mt. Rich, St.Patricks. Detained 28.11.80.
Matthew Pascoll of Mt. Rich, St.Patricks. Detained 29.11.80.
Annas Pascoll of Mt. Rich, St.Patricks. Detained 28.11.80.
Catherine Pascoll of Mt. Rich, St.Patricks. Detained 28.11.80.
Jimmy Julien of Mt. Rioa, St.Patritks. Detained 29.11.80.
Isaac James of Mt. Rich, St.Patricks. Detained. 3.12.80.
Denzil Richardson of Mt. Rich, St.Patricks. Detained 3.12.80.
These seven persons were charged under the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law with the murder of four young men on
17th/18th November 1980. This case was heard in
the High Court and, on June 22nd 1983, all the accused
were discharged by the Trial Judge when it was found
that the indictment was "a nullity". All the accused
were redetained and it is understood that another
Preliminary Inquiry is to be held.

Lyle St Bernard of St.Pauls, St Georges. Detained 19.6.80.
St Bernard: WA .-T cre under the Tetrrorism (Prevention)
Law with conspiring, on 25.4.80, to overthrow the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (Case 437/81). In
the Preliminary Inquiry, the Magistrate found there is
insufficient evidence to send the case to the High
Curt for trial and the Director of Public Prosecutions
has asked that this decision be sent to a Judge of the
High Court for review, Arising out of the Prelim-
inary Inquiry, St. Bernard has been committed to stand
trial in the High Court for allegedly withholding
information from the Security Forces.

Godwin Charles of Fontenoy, St.Georges, former member of the
Militia, detained 19.6.80.
Joseph Jacobs of Piedmontemps, St Davids, former member of thq
Militia, detained 19.6.80.
Keith St Bernard of St Pauls, St Georges, former member of Jewel
and said to have been involved in armed take-
over of the Government on 13.3.79
Raphael Roberts of St Pauls, St Georges, former member of Jewel
and said to have been involved in armed take-
over of the Government on 13.3.79.
These three persons are charged under the Terrorism
(Prevention) Law with conspiring on 25.4.80, to over-
throw the Peoples Revolutionary Government (Case 437/81).
The Preliminary Inquiry was complete~kon 28.9.82 and
they are to stand trial in the High Court.

OTHER DETAINED PERSONS
Fitzlyn Joseph ) These two persons (address and date of detention
Eddie Richardson) unknown) were originally charged under the Terror-
ism (Prevention) Law with the "Bomb Blast" murders
of 19.6.80 (Case 334/81). The charges were
dropped and they gave evidence for the Crown.
They are believed to be *til3 detained.

Ats "




Page--12'- TRH GR'ENADA NEWSLETTER Week fning 25.'.83


ALGSBIA ., SDS GIFT

The Lybian ship "Kassantina", on Juie 20th, began her second week of
discharging & cargo worth: som BC$1.8 1iillion, a gift from the Govern-
ment of Algeria to the Peoples Revoiutionary Government.

After lying in-the outer harbour of St Georges for about two days,
the ship berthed and began.to discharge her cargo on June 13th, and
the State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG) announced that
proceeds from the sale of this.cargo to the public will be used on
the international airport project.

Informed sources said that., in addition to a large consignment of
fertilizer, the shipment includes :-
1 213 Cartons Jam.
21,000 Cartons Wine
4 Packages School Supplies
64 Cartons Toilet Suites
70 Cases Telephone Apparatus
107 Bolts .Cloth.
381 Cartons .Shirts
328 Cartons Toilet Paper
149 Cartons Enamelled Sanitary Ware (wash basins, sinks,
bath tubs,12 >--'.. _.
-297 Cartons Glassware.

RFG announced on June 18th that sale of these goods will be handled
by the Marketing & National Importing Board and '1the local business
sector and the public will soon be given information about the type
of commodities availabie.i .





ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Grenadafs exports in March rose by BC$6 million over the figure of
LC$2.2 million recorded for the previous month.

These statistics were,reported by the State Owned and managed Radio
Free Grenada (RFG) and the station said the traditional exports of
cocoa, nutmegs and. bananas had accounted for 87% of the island's
foreign exchange earnings in' arch. Non-traditional exports -
fruit, clothing, flour etc had been responsible for 11%.

RFG said that, in March, 52% of Grenada's exports had gone to the
1iropean economic Community,, 12% to Caribbean countries and,27% to
-he Soviet Union.

'Ihc value of.imports for March" also registered an BC$8.5 million
increase over February", RFG said, "due to more manufactured goods,
il'.chinery and transport equipment bought by the Peoples Revo-
continued -




Wee In~~ 2:68 I'ag 133R~ BZ4~ULT


lutionary Government and local manufacturers.




GgRA LKSESON HALF-YEAR TRADING

The Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) lost.over half a
million East Caribbean dollars on its trading during the half.-yar
ended 31st December 1982,

This is disclosed in th4 nok published Report of the Nutmeg Eaerd
for that period, which Report gives the loss as EC$627,773, a tie
ure slightly lower than the EC$696,368 loss recorded on trading iA
the same period in 1981. continue

Statement of Trade & Surplus Distribution

Half-Year Erded 31St December 1982


Total


Selected .
Unassorted
pefe active s
Mace No. 1
Mace No.. 2


S 304,679
1,536,557
4,239,859
S.:45s5 S ...
44 ,596


$F,Q0,2411


Cost of Produce from
Growers-
Inventory at beginning of
half-year
Advances for produce
delivered by growers

Net adjustment for mace
purchased as one grade
but processed as the
other

Inventory at end of half-
year.


, 304,679
1,536,557
1,239,859


3,081,095


5,561,739
1,509,136


$7,070,87.5


$7,070,875
5.137.622


6,340,837


6,340,837

4.699,265


Mace "
No. 1 NoJ.
-



463,596
455,550 463,596


1841,67 362,758

133,98 6_j g9,2
318,053 411,985


(76,780) 76,680
241,273: 488,765

156,986 281. 71


$1,933,253


1,641,572


84,287 207,34v


Excess. of sales over cost
of produce
Other/Ingome/( Expenses)
Interest received
Miscellaneoug s
Loss 0:'. Exchange
Commission earned
Total Income
jEgniditure
Di-Ctc'w Expenses
General & Administrative
;Expenses
C048


42,066,988 1,439,523 371,263 256,202

22,747 17,515 2,507'' 2,725
6,980 5,375 768 837
(5,155) (3,969) (567) (619)
768 591 84 93
$2,092,328 1,459,035 374,055 259,238

$1,653,063 1,300,810 162, 475. 189,778

677,708 521,835 74,548 81,325
389,330 302,111 44.,863 L42,356
$2,720,101 2,124,756 281,886 313,459


Trading Surplus/(Deficit)$ (627,773) (665,721) 92,169 (54,221


Week Ending 25.6.83


-~~ -~~~~-- -- L


I-


Page 13


5,014,914

1,325,923





Page 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER .Week Ending 25.6.83


GCNA is the Statutory'Body through whichiall nutmegs and mace (the
lacey, red spice which covers the shell of the nutmeg) must be ex-
ported and, since 1978, this organisation has suffered declining
fortunes as a result of world recession.

In 1978, GCNA paid its members ECS4.1 million surplus on the trading
for that year. Worsening conditions forcedthe Board to draw on
GCNA reserves to augment dwindling annual surpluses on trading and, in
1981, the Association's considerable sums on deposit with the bankS
had been used up and the. organisation was operating on an overdraft.

At the end of the 1982 trading year, the Board was' .rced to borrow
nearly all of BC$1 million to pay EC$1 million a a :"surplus on
trading" to its members and the indications given in the half-year
Report now published is that there will be no improvement in 1983
over 1982.

A spokesman for GCNA told NEWSLETTER that world prices and demand
continue to be depressed and the Association is not earning suffic-
ient revenue to keep up with its constantly mounting expenses.

Nutmeg & Mace Sales 1982


Country
West Germany
United Kingdom
U.S.A.
Belgium
Holland
Spain
Argentina
Canada
Cuba
East Germany
Dubai (4ic)
Bulgaria
Jordan
Italy
Denmark
St.Vincent
Jamaica
Sweden
Czechoslovakia
Trinidad
DominiC a.
Barbados
Martinique
St Kitts
Guyana,


By 'ClUntry
Nutmegs I.bs) 5 '%


418,880
293,912
227,080,
168,000
156,800
112,000
107,838
97,720
91,840
78,400
78,400
67,200
25,387
13,440
13,440
11,900

3,780
1,075
896
895
597
467
S33
.1,990,140


21.05
14.77
11.41
8.44
7,88
5.63
5.42
4.91
4.61
3.94
3.94
3.38
1.28
.68
.68
.60

.19
.05
.04
.04
.03
.02


Mace(lbs) %
146,360 44.24
121,395 36,70
1,120 .34


6,720 2.03


,
12,160


33,600






3 ;360

2,240
3,800


-
3.67


10.16






1.02

.68
1.15


o50 .01
330,805


-- ..- .. ----- -;i~i~i~i~i~i~i~


---- -------- ------------


.. . - . .





THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER


EGYPT'S AMBASSADOR ACCREDITED

Egypt's non-resident Ambassador to Grenada, Mr Wahib Fahmy
El-Miniawy, has presented his Letters of Credence to GovernorGen-
eral Sit Paul Scoon.

The: ceremony took place at Government House on Tuesday 21st June.




'SIXTH ACORBAT MEETING

The sixth meeting of the Association for Cooperation in Banana
Research in the Caribbean & Tropical America (ACORBAT) Was held in
Guadeloupe from 15th to 21st May last.

The meeting was chaired by Dr Edsel Edmunds, Durector of Research
& Development of the Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN),
and WINBAN personnel presented several papers including one by
Dr Edminds on the Future Perspectives of Banana Research & Develop-
ment.

ACORBATj a non-profit organisation registered in Martinique, was
established 17 years ago when a group of banana researchers met in
St Lucia to share their knowledge and experience. Since then,
there have 'een meetings in jauziai (1971), Martinique (1974),
Panana (1979) and Ecuador (1981).




PRESS COVERAGE OF P.M.'s U.S. TRIP

During his visit to the United States of America early in June,
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop captured extensive .prss overage, not,
the lease important factor of this being the request of the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) for a meeting of Mr Bishop with
President Ronald Reagan.

The U.S. Administration's refusal of this request, the thinly
veiled insult in the offer of the U.S.Ambassador to the Organisation
of American States to talk to Mr Bishop, the Prime Minister's indig-
nant reaction and, finally, Mr Bishop achieving a high level meeting
with U.S, officials, all served to keep the Prime Minister in the
headlines.

The following are excerpts from some of the news stories in this
connection, carried by the wire services, North American press and
regional media.

From:the "Miami Herald" of June 9th 1983
"Weshiggton. (AP) Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada says
he and two top U.S. officials have taken a "useful first step" to-
wards improved relations after months of back-and-forth' ccusati6oas
-continu -


Week Sndinf 35.6.83


Page 15





Page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week EndiLqg z .o. -


"But U.S. diplomats said only that the session *reflected the concerns
of both sides,:
"Bishop, after refusing for weeks to meet with lower-level officials,
sat down this week at the State Department with Acting Secretary of
State Kenneth W Dam ard William Clark, President Reagan's national
security advisor.
"Bishop said, through a spokesman that the Session was conducted .inx"an
open atmosphere" and was "a usefulfirst ste3 towards the recommence-
ment of dialoguL between the government of the United States and
Grenada.
"Later, the leader of the Caribbean island nation told reporters he had
promised Clark and Dam he would not disclose details of the meeting.
".,..In public appearances in Washington last Week, Bishop struck a
moderate, conciliatory tone and repeatedly denied that an international
airfield under construction is intended for use as a Soviet or Cuban
air base.
"Bishop has said the airport is intended to boose tourism. He declined
to say whether the issue was raised in the meeting on Tuesday with Dam
and Clark. ...."


From the United States Virgin Islands "Daily News" of June 10th 1983
"They were seated side by side at a .long tablet in the front of the
room and their faces were smooth and filled with youth.
"The prime minister sat at the centre of the group and the foreign
minister was seated next to him'and then there was the ambassador to
the Organisation of American States and the prime minister's press
acretary.

" 'We can return home now', the prime minister said, 'feeling that
what we came here for has,: by and large, been accomplished'.

"He is Maurice Bishop, prime minister of Grenada, and he is just 39
years old.

"In New York yesterday, Prime Minister Bishop was wrapping up a 10-
day visit to the United States. In the morning at the UN and in
the afternoon at a hotel across the street on First Ave., he faced
reporters. The answers he gave to questions pictures his country
as one locked in a David-and-Goliath struggle.
"... 'CIA activity in Grenada was established a long time ago",
Prime Minister Bishop said. To reporters yesterday, he accused
the U.S. of carrying out a programme of economic aggression against
his country, of putting out damaging propaganda against his govern-
ment and of actually planning military destabilisation.
'And I don't think its over", he said of the alleged destabilisat-
-on.
"The way the prime minister sees it, his country is caught up in the
explosive politics of the Central American-South American region, and
EIso suffers because of what he called a hostile attitude the
Americans have towards governments that took power through revolut-
ion. ...


From the "New York Times" of June 5th 1983
"Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada has acknowledged that his
Government has jailed up to 40 people without charge or trial, in-
c.luding six who were imprisoned soon after the coup that brought him
'o power in March 1979.
"l an interview Friday, the Grenadian leader explained that justice
i his country is a complex matter and that the delay in bringing
charges 'has to do with the procuring of evidence, the availability
of witnesses'.
continued -


I ~- / ~)-L


-------





Week Ending 25.6.83 :THB GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 17


"Sometimes, he ,said. the .bEst available evidence comes from people
of thattype referring ito his secret 'police. He said he did not
want to risk exposing these agents in open court. He declined to
say how many are in his secret police but asserted that the number
is 'At very big'. '
"Mr Bishop said that after a bomb incident his Government spent 18
months finding an expert to match fragments in victims with those of
an explosive device. Moreover, he said, 'we are short of prose-
cutors'.
"He is holding one, his former Attorney General, Lloyd NOev uader
preventive detention. Mr Noel's friends said he incurred
Mr Bishop's wrath by urging free elections, a free press and civil
rights. Mr Bishop said Mi Noel was corrupt.
"The total of 35 to 40 detainees is well below the 110 that Amnesty
International reported in 1981, But since Grenada's population
is 111,000, this would be equivalent to 70,000 to 80,000 detainees
in the United States.
"...Mr Bishop acknowledged there are no independent newspapers in
Grenada now. But he said that if opposition publishers would
obey his press decree, including a requirement that at least 25
people must have a share in any journal, they could flourish,
"One was started by three of his former followers, including Mr Noel,
but that organ, The Voice, was suppressed after one issue. 'They
chose to come out with a paper', Mr Bishop said. 'That's all right,
if you're not engaged in acts of violence to overthrow the Govern-
ment.'

"This, he suggested, is why he jailed without trial the paper's
three leading figures, Leslie Pierre, Tillman Thomas, whom Mr Bishop
described as 'a former colleague' at the bar, and Mr Noel.
" 'They chose to move to incite sections of the population to
armed resistance against the Government', he said. Why have they
not been charged ? Because a charge requires the 'collection,
preparation and organisation of evidence', the Prime Minister said.
0.. of


From an Associated Press rep of2nd June 1983
"... In a television interview Wednesday, Bishop repeated his
contention that an airport runway being constructed with Cuban help
on his island isn't for military use and that he wants a dialogue
with the .eagan administration.
" 'As far as we are concerned, the airport is for strictly civilian
and commercial purposes', Bishop said.
"IWhen asked if he would allow Soviet military aircraft to use it,
the Prime Minister said, 'no'. .....


From the Jamaica "Daily Gleaner" of June 2nd 1983.
" Washington, June 1 (CANA-Reuter). Grenada's Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop today told the Organisation of American States (OAS)
that his island nation posed no threat to the United States as
claimed by the Reagan Administration.
" 'I reaffirm ... that Grenada constitutes no threat to the United
States', Bishop said in a 20-minute speech before the OAS Political
Council.
"He said a new airport on Grenada was a civilian project vital to
the economy and termed its importance as 'unquestionable'.
n... Bishop said one of his concerns was that his leftist Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) had sought to establish and maintain
normal relations with the U.S..


- continued -




Full Text