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FOUNDED 17TH AUGUST 1973
For The Week Ending 30th April 1983
11th Year of Publi cation- - - 285th Issue
Volume 11: Number 6
BISHOP PLEASb) WTH 'FIGHT BACK" AGAINST THREAT
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has said there is growing sup-
port for the Grenada revolution both regionally and inter-
nationally, and he expressed the opinion that "imperialism"
has underestimated that support.
During the week ending April 2nd and over the Easter weekend,
Grenada's armed forces .were on a 24 hour alert responding to
the Peoples Revolutionary Government's charge that a United
States sponsored invasion of the island was imminent, and
the State owned.and managed Radio Free Grenada said on March
31st..that Mr Bishop's comments were made at one of the many,
parish, zonal and workers' meetings which were called -to
discuss this threat.
Mr Bishop .said he was very pleased with the "fight back" in
North-America which was evinced by the wide coverage Grenada
was getting in the United States press.
"But I am even more pleased that the fight back internally is
also going'very well", he told the meeting, "because, inside
our country, it is becoming clbarer and-clearer every second
that more and more of our people-are willing to be mobilised
and crganised and to be ready to fight back when the time
Mr Bishop said' the working ,"lass, "the leading lass force in
our society", has taken the lead'in mobilisation, orgaais-
ation and preparedness, and numbers of workers have volun-
P-Auced & Pbi sd by Asister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Box 65, Steorges, Gren:ada, Westinde*s
S... .."-" '
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
teered for service in the "CombatMKilitia., and the "Service Miltita.',
Radio Free Grenada (RPG) said reports reaching its news room indicated
that recruitment in the Militia Was going "smoothly", and a member of
the Central Committee of the 'New Jewel Movement i(NJM) reportedhon the
station .that people had. become more aware. of the seriousness of 'the
threat against Grenada and "more and more people are becoming con-
fident that we can defeat the invading forces".
RFG said also that a "number of recommendations have been made by
Grenadians regarding preparations for defence against United States
imperialism's plan to invade" Grenada.
Broadcasting excerpts from interviews. with the general public done by
the stlTon, f!c i disclosed that these recommendations included
strengthening the Mi itia, military preparedness, the guarding of the
island's beaches, digging of trenches, care of the elderly, and that
persons "in every workplace, especially Government places, should be
trained evey day to use weapon so that, when Reagan's soldiers
cote ..... we will be ready.
Meanwhile, Minister of Tourism Lyden Ramdhanny assured visitors to
the island and tourists that, while the threat of an invasion has
hung over Grenada since 'the revolution of 13th March 1979, they
were in 0o danger in the then present situation.
In a statement to NEWSLETTER on March 29th,.'Mr Ramdhanny referred to
statements made in New York on the day before by Foreign 'ister
Unison Whitehan, and Mr Raodhanny said Mr Whitomaanve statements '"mat
be taken in the context in which they were made."
Accordi-g to -the Minister otf Tourism, Mr Whiteman had told a news
conference that Grenada.was then in danger of being attacked by
counter revolutionaries, and he .had urged the United Nations
Secretary General to intervene.
Mr Ramdhanny saidiMr' Whiteman had "quite rightly" alettedithe press
to a threat which, he said, has hung over the island since the revo-
lution of March 1979 and- which, in! recent times, hast been aggravated.
"At no time have we minimised this threat", he said, "but it must- be
made clear that there is no present danger to the hundreds of visitors
now enjoying ourA Asland. nr :to those, who, are expected to take part in
the festivities ,o Easter weekend.,".
Mr Ramdhanny saia hotels in Grenada were then completely booked for the
Easter weekend' an~d ''large influx of visitors, particularly yachtsmen
from Trinidad, were expected to arrive.
Week Ending Vj4.81
Week Ending 30 4.83 THE GRENADA N WSLETTER Page 3
ARMED FORCES STAGE MANEUVERS
The Government owned newspaper, "The Free West Indian" (FWI), report
in its issue of Saturday April 30th that, during the'" Jeremiah
Richardsop Defence of the Homeland" military manoeuvers staged on thq
weekend of 23rd/24th April, the still-to-be-completed international
airport at Point Saline was transformed into a mock battlefield.
According to FWI, trucks carrying anti-aikcraft and ahti-tank
batteries, infantry and communications units, and led by armoured
vehicles, poured onto the site with hundreds of members of'the
"The anti-aircraft batteries, manned mainly by Militia members (40%
of them women)", FWI said, "with heartening accuracy shot at flares
in the sky, hitting them."
The newspaper reported activities in other parts of he island as
operations of the manoeuvers which ended with a rally at Seamoon,
St Andrews on the island's east coast nr Pe'akls airport.
Following that rally, FWI said, a motorcade of over 300 vehicles,
including armoured c's ta joy ede~ St.Geor.ges to a rally on the
Chrenage where.the-.Armed Forces were addressed by Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop and other members of the Peoples Revolutionarp
In his address, Mr Bishop described the maneuvers as the "most
professional" ever staged in Grenada and, he said, this was the first
time a manoeuver had gone so-smoothly.
These manoeuvers were under the command of General Hudson Austin and
FWI reports him as saying in an address to the Armed Forces at
Seamoon that the exercise-.had not been,undertaken in order to dis-
play weapons but the manoeuvers were staged as a result of "the
threats made by the United States Government against the Grenada
DIPLOMAT'S DAUGHTER SHOT
The 10-year old daughter of the Charge d'Affaires at th' Venezuelan
Embassy in Grenada, Anky Elizabeth, was shot and injured at her
home on Sunday April 24th.
Charge d'Affaires Mr Romulo Nucete told NEWSLETTER he was returning
to his suburban residence in Belmont on the outskirts of St Georges
with his wife and three young children when the incident occurred
as the group ascended the front steps to. their home.
- continued -
PagQ 4 TH 'cEwADA.' NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.4.83
"i have no idea where the shot came from" '-Mr ,Nucete said, "but my
daughter was just behind me and no more than a metre from our front
door when she hit." ;
The Venezuelan diplomat.said the child was rushed to the General
Hospital where an operation was performed to remove a rifle bullet
which had lodged in the bone just below the right knee.
Mr Nucete said he had had an audience with Foreign 'Minister Unison
Whiteman and had been assured that everything was being 4 ne to
investigate the matter.
"I am entirely satisfied with the manner in which the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs has handled the matter from the time they were
notified", the diplomat said.
The injured girl was flown to Venezuela on April 26th for
WHITEMAN: REAGAN ON WORST POSSIBLE GROUND
The Reagan Administration will have to take into account thbQ trenoth
of the response in the United States of the friends, supporters and
allies of the Peoples RevolutionaXy Government (PRG).
This statement was made on April 8th 'by Grenada's Foreign Minister
Unison Whiteman in a telephone interview from New York with the
State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG).
.Ir Whiteman was referring tb recent meetings he had held in New York
to discuss adverse statements made by President Ronald Reagan about
the international airport now being constructed in Grenada with Cuban
aid. These meetings, he said, had been attended by "large
supportive crowds of Grenadians, other Caribbean people and North
"It should be obvious to Reagan now that he has chosen the worst
possible ground on which to attack the Grenada revolution", he said,
"because our people overseas know the importance of the airport be-
cause they have experienced the inconvenience of travelling via our
Mr Whiteman said the attendance of Grenadians at his meetings had
been large and, he said, they had "offered concrete solidarity"
in helping to mobilise for the meetings, attending the rallies and
publict4ng the meetings among their friends.
"In many cases", he said, "they donated materials and.funds, small,
but it.ha's been symbolic of a sense of patriotism".
Week Ending 30.4,83 :THB GEAQJ4,BsE LETER Page 5
The foreign Minister saii the pastive. respapse he had received at
his meetings had shown the correctes~ss,of the PRG's decision to make
an immediate response to President Reagan's "threats", but he
stressed that "ultimately, ouw revolutionary process can be de-
fended only; a home by our people in the Militia ....."
VENEZUELAN TRAWLER FREED
A spokesman for the Venezuela9.Embassy in Grenada told NEWSLETTER
on March 29th that, following an A.nvestigation by the Grenada
Authorities, the 80-ton Venezuelan fishing trawler "Payacho" had.
been allowed to sail from St Georges on the day before,
The "Payacho" was arrested by the Coast Guard on March 20th in the
Grenadines some 6 miles north ,of Grenada with a cargo of 28 tons of
fish which, according to the Captainof the ship, had been caught
in international waters.
"An official investigation has proved that this vessel was not fish-4
ing in Grenada's waters*, the spokesman said, "and there has been n4
fine or confiscation of the fish."
The spokesman emphasized that, the ,incident resulted from a-mis-
understanding of the fact that the "Payacho" was merely passing
through Grenada's waters Qn her way to Venezuela. The incident,
has in no way impaired the excellent relations between Grenada and
Venezuela, he said.
BISHOP VISITS NORTH KOREA
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop flew out of the island on April 9th
on his way to an official visit to the Peoples Democratic Republic
of Korea (North Korea).
The State owned and managed Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said the visit
was on the invitation of Korean President Kin Li-Song, and
Mr Bishop was accompanied by Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman,
Ambassador to the Soviet Union Mr Richard Jacobs and.Ambassador to
the European Economic Community Mr Mario-Bullen.
RFG did not state: the length of the'visit but said the Prime Min-
ister would hold talks with President Kim Li-Song and was ex-
pected to address a mass rally.
North Korea came into existenche.as a ;separate country at the end of
World War II. The ancient'"'6unf'ry of Korea, which was annexed
by Japan as a colony in 1910 was, for administrative purposes
Page- 6 THE GRBNADA NBWSLETTBR Week En4BiL,3Q,.4.83
divided in 1945 into. Nbth Korea and South iWrea by the 38th parallel,
thie Russians receiving the Japahese surrender -in the north hand the
Americans in the south.
The Democratic Republic of Korea was formally established on September
9th 1948 and Mr Kin Li-Song, who had been a guerilla fighting the
occupying Japanese in the Chinese province of Manchuria before fleeing
to the Soviet Union, became President.
GRENADA SIGNS AGREEMENT WITh NORTH KOREA
Grenada has signed an Agreement with the Democratic Peoples Republic
of Korea (North Korea). The State owned and managed Radio Free
Grenada (RFG) announced on April 15th that the Agreement had been
signed by'Prime' Minister Maurice Bishop who had ended an-officia:l
visit to Ndrth Korea on April 14th..
RFG said the Agreement covers the economic, scientific and cultural
fields and provides aiso for assistance'to Grenada in the field of
Mr Bishop addressed a rally of 90,000 industrial workers, RFG said,.
and he had told the rally that "the Koreianand Grenadian peoples are
united by a glorious tradition of resistance to imperialism and the
struggle for a more just &anS equitable world order."
According to RFG, he told the rally that Grenada supports the re-
unification of North and South Korea On the basis of independence and
national unity, and he demanded that the United States withdraw its
troops from the Korean peninsular and "cease its provocative military
manoeuvers in the northeast Asian region."
"Today",'RFG reports Mr- Bishop.as saying, "our courageous peoples are
demonstrating to the world that they will not be frightened or daunted
by the lies, threats and vulgar attacks of Ronald Reagan and the war
lords of his administration."
Mr Bishop' said, reported' RG, that insprite of these "aggressions and
provocations", the peoples of Grenada and North Korea hold firm to
their commitment to world peace, disarmament, detente and and the.
principles of non-alignmdnt.
RFG said Nr Bishop would travel to London and, within a few days, was
expected to address a rally of Grenadians in that city.
T iIGIBNAMA INWS1pTTiR
WASHINGTON SAYS "NO" TO TALKS '
Washington has rejected a call by the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment for high level talks between Grenada and the United States to.
find "a civilised approach to any differences that may exist be-
tween the two Governments."
This was disclosed on April 1st by the State owned and managed
Radio Free Grenada (RFG), and the station saia the call had been
made pn March 24th in a diplomatic note sent to the United States
Embassy in Barbados.
RFG said a telex message from the Embassy to the PRG said the United
States remains concerned about the increasing alignment of the PRG
with powers hostile to the principles of basic human dignity and the
security of the hemisphere.
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop personally wrote the United States
President on 26th March 1981 and again on 11th August 1981 calling
for high level discussions, RFG said, and the call made on March
24th last followed "threats of aggression by the United States
Administration and an imminent military attack on Gienada."
UNESCO MINISTERIAL MEETING IN GRENADA
A two-day meeting of Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Goernment
Ministers responsible for affairs concerning the United Nations
Educational Social & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) opened at the
National Convention Centre on April 13th.
This meeting was immediately proceeded by a two-day meeting of
Secretaries General of UNESCO National Commissions and senior
Government officials, and Ministers attending the opening ceremony
on April 13th came from Antigua, Dominica, Guyana and St Lucia.
Ministers from St Vincent and St Kitts/Nevis were expected to arrive
The Trinidad & Tobago delegation was headed by the Permanent
Secretary in the Ministry of Education and the Jamaica delegation
by the Secretary General of the UNESCO National Commission of
Delivering the feature address at the opening ceremony, Acting Prime
Minister Bernard Coard (Prime Minister Maurice Bishop was on an
official visit to North Korea), who is also Minister of Finance,
drew particular attention to two projects which,,he .aid, highlight
the successful cooperation of the English-speaking Caribbean.
The first of these "projects" is the University of the West Indies
(UWI), he said, and the second is the "multi-island-Ooject", a
: -cont iued -
,Week Ending 30.4.83
Page 8 ; THEWGRENADA. NW nER week ndino .gu.4.gs
project based on technical and vocational education, involving the
Windward and Leeward Islands and the British Virgin Islands, and soon
to be implemented with the assistance of UNBCSO, the United Nations
Development Project and the Arab Fund.
Mr Coard said that, in its relatively short life of 35 years, UWX has
issued over 19,000 degrees and has earned a deserved reputation world
wide for very.high standards of academic excellence,
"It is'for this reason that so many'of'our people, so many of our"
Governments in the region, particularly the Ordanisation of East
Caribbean States (O-CS), but not only of the OBCS, have expressed
great concern about the particular form and character of the pro-
posed restructuring of UWI", MV Coard said,
In the view of many, he said, this restructuring cold lead, not so
much to achieving greater administrative efficiency and better per-
formance, but instead could lead, effectively, to the dismantling of
the regional character, spirit, functioning and decision making of
"In the area of the Multi-Island Project", he said, "we see here the
great possibilities for a serious project of regional cooperation
that could, if well planned and administered, have enormous signif-
icance in assisting us in developing our education system in the
areas of particular .weakness, problems and -difficulties."
On the one hand, the Acting Prime Minister said, the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG) looks forward to ensuring that UWI, in
practice, is not dismantled and, on the other hand,.the PRG looks
forward to the successful planning and implementation of the Multi-
This UNESCO Ministerial Meeting is the third of its kind, the first
having been held in St Lucia in July 1982 and the second in Paris in
At the latter meeting, a decision was taken to set up a.UNESCO
Caribbean Bureau in Paris and the Grenada meeting was expected to
discuss the operation of this Bureau. Ministers were expected
also to discuss possible funding sources with UNESCO personnel.
CHOLMONDELEY SEES MEETING AS SIGNIFICANT
Attending a meeting held here in April of Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) Government Ministers responsible for affairs relating to
the United Nations Eduicational, Social & Cultural Organisation
(UNESCO), Mr Hugh Cholmondeley, UNSSCO Representative to the
Caribbean described the meetings being of "very crucial
significance". continued -
I n- r
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER.
This is particularly so, he said;, if the-2felationship between UNESCO
and the Caribbean is seen as a continuing process.
"There is very great and important interface between ourselves and
the Ministers both at national and regional levels", he said. "They
understand quite deeply ~he complexities of UNESCO s programme and
they are very attentive and awaeoeo the new initiatives and how to
gather resources to'improve the qiaiity and standards of life of the
peoples of the Caribbean in respect to 6ur areas of competence."
These areas ,he said, cover 'education social sciences, culture,.
communications and information generally.
The two-day meeting opened at the National Convention Centre on
April 13th and was in preparation for UNESCO's 22nd General Con-
ference :scheduled for September in Paris.
SPRG PLACES EMPHASIS ON PRIMARY EDUCATION
"It is no good to have children who cannot read and write entering
Acting Prime Minister Bernard Coard said this on April 13th in the
course of delivering the feature address at the. opening, of a two-
Sday meeting of Caribbean Community :(CARICOM). Ministers responsible
for affairs related to the. United Nations Educational, Social &
Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
Mr Coard said ,he peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) does. not
have enough money to upgrade all levels of education and a decision
has been taken'that it is pointless to have children enter secondary
school with such an, inadequate foundation that the secondary school
period is a waste of time.
"If we are truly to transform secondary education", he said, "we must
first start by pitting the vast majority of our financial and human
resources at the level of the primary school, so.we decided to put
the effort there rather than at pre-primary or secondary level".
The Minister said that with teacher training, curriculum development,
the attempt to develop the work/study approach and t.o,bring agric-
ultural science into a relationship with the school system, the
emphasis has be.,n placed on the primary school and, gradually, with
each passing year, there will be movement into other levels of
Week Endiin 30.4.83
Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.4.83
CHOLMONPSLEY WARNS UNESCO IS NOT A BAN
The United Nations Educatiopal, Social;and Cultural Organisation
(UNESCO) is not a funding or financing agency, ahd it is not a bank.
Mr Hugh Cholmondeley, UNISCO representative to the Caribboea,, pointed
this out here on April l3th to a meeting of Caribbean Community.
(CARICOM) Ministers responsible for, UNESCO affairs, but he.said
UNESCO resources can be used in imaginative and creative ways to
gather additional resources.
"It might be of some use", he said, "to give you.a brief general
picture of some of the areas in which we have put this strategy to
work with commendable success."
UNESCQ assisted the seven-Windward and earIsanLewardds" to: evelopr
educational "sector studies", he said, and, on the basis of .those:
stdies, the Governments of these islands had been able to secure
some US$800,000 under the United Nations Development Programme.
Mr Cholmondeley said UNESCO had taken this commit~t At to a series of
funding agencies outside the region. Already the Arab Fund has
provided *oSe US$600,000 to the pr-oje.t and Mr ChoImU&deley said there
are great and attractive possibilities fot more resources to come on
The UNESCO Representative said, within 4 to 8 weeks, similar sector
studies are tq be done for the British Virgin Islands, Belize and
the Netherlands Antilles. Studies for Jamaica lavb already been
completed, he said.
"Turning to the science and technology area of UNESCO competence",
Mr CholmdBS eVy^%id, after -ti ee yiars' dWf 'oc j y t last weei
we were able,' with the assistance of the Caribbean Community, to
have in Jamaica the first ever meeting of Ministers responsible
for science and technology."
At that meeting, he said, the decision was taken to concentrate
efforts and resources on agro-industries and scientific and
technological information systems.
Mr Cholmondeley said the background papers on this meeting had been
provided to Mr Mario Bullen, Grenada's Ambassador to the European
Economic Community (EEC) and, following discussions by Mr Bullen
with various EEC agencies, aid has been pledged in the choice,
acquisition and transfer of technology, in scientific and techno-
logical information systems, in energy, in training information
technologists and in assisting national and regional information
and documentation systems.
- continued -
Week Ending P .4.83 THE GRsNADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
The UNESCO Representative cited other areas in which his organisat-
ion is working with Caribbean Goveinments and: h expressed the
opinion that there must be more 'c6ncern now than in the past about
"the task of gathering extra-budgetary resources to implement and-
to execute the decisiodn'taken by Member States."
BANANA PRODUCERS GET MORE MONEY
Discussions held in March by the Windward Islands Banana Association
(WINBAN) with Geest Industries Ltd, the United Kingdom buying and
marketing agents for the banana crop .of the Windward Islandsi have
resulted in increased prices for banana producers in Grenada,
St Vincent, St Lucia and Dominica.
The discussions took place in Grenada on March 25th when WINBAN was
holding its first Ordinary General Meeting for 1983, and representing
Geest was Mr Ray Hilbourne, ,the Director of the Company with
responsibility for marketing.
A spokesman for the Grenada Cooperative Banana Society (GCBS) told
NEWSLETTER that, prior to the discussions, the price paid by Geest,
was 395.sterling per metric ton. That price was paid on the
shipment made in the week ending 19th March, he said, and since
then it has moved up first to 410,sterling and then to 415
"We received a cable today (11.4.83)" the spokesman said, "and the
next shipment will be paid for at 425 sterling per metric ton."
Addressing the WINBAN General Meeting, WINBAN President Harry
Atkinson said the price the grower received over the last few years
is well below his production costs.
Geest pays for WtNBAN bananas in pounds sterling and, because of the
falling value of this currency, according to Mr' Atkinson's estimate,
for the years 1.981 and 1982, banana growers lost some EC$30 million.
Mr Atkinson indicated there is dissatisfaction by banana producers
with the contract in effect with Geest and he said a tContract
Review Committee", appointed by the Governments ofthe Windward
ISlands, has submitted its report
The President expected that Geest willbe asked shortly to re-
negotiate the contract but, even before this, because of the prob-
lems facing the Banana Industry, he felt it is necessary to request
Geest to join WINBAN in an immediate reexamination of the existing
THE -GRBNADA. NEMSLITBR e
THE WORLD LAN MARKET 980 1981
A news release from the Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN)
quoting: the "International .ruit World Journal", says the world
exports of bananas increased in 1981 by 2.2% from the 1980 figure of
6.958 million tons to 7.16 million tons*
The Journal reports that, in 1981; exports from the Caribbean and
Latin Aderica increased sharply, mainly due to the recovery of
Caribbean production after the hurricane damage of 1979 and 1980
and despite lower shipments from fcuador.
The upward trend in banana prices which began in the second half of.
1979 continued during 1980 and prices remained quite good, the
Journal says. The average increase in import prices for bananas
curing the year was 337 in the Federal Republic of Germany, 15% in
the United States and 9% in Japan* Discounted for 'inflation,
banana import price increased by about 23% in the Federal Republic
cf Germany, remained stationary in the United States and actually
declined by about 9% in Japan.
According to the Journal, world trade in bananas recovered during
.!-931 from the supply difficulties of previous years and increased
ty about 1.5%. Tight supplies and record prices characterized
the first half of the year and, beginning with the summer months,
1 reduction went back to normal in all producing regions and prices
came under downward pressure.
However, a measure of 'market discipline" was exercised by major
marketing Companies and, as a result of reduced landings, the decline
of import prices during the summer months was less than usual.
This situation, the Journal says, was obtained at the importing end
at the expense of the destruction of vast amounts of exportable fruit
in producing countries, which added considerably to higher pro-
ductiod and marketing costs.
Supply difficulties in Equador, during the first halff f 1981,
accountedefor.a,5% drop in.expokts. Also, shipments from Brazil
are estimated to be beloW qtheaiready depressed level of,1980.
In the Caribbean, where banana production was most damaged by
adverse weather conditions in 1979 and 1980, production recovered
and exports resumed by early May. The exports were considerably
below the 1978 level, most noticably for Jamaica.
Week -WdinqM 30,4,83
Week Ending 30.4.83 T G.Rj=D NEWSLLTTER Page 13
COST OF LIVING POWN ~J GRENAq
Bread and cereals are tie- 'mot important items in the diet ot" the
people of the smaller islands of the Eastern Caribbean,.
This is disclosed in"an examination of the mechanism used by
Grenada's Central Statistical Office (CSO) to calculate the cost of
living in the island, a mechanism which is based on surveys made of
spending patterns of average households in some of the Windward and
Explaining this mechanism, an official of the CSO told NEWSLETTER
that his office checks the local market every month and a note is
taken of the prices of over 120 different items and services. These
items and services are divided into different categories (for
example, "food", "alcohol & tobacco", fuel & light",utransport",
etc) and each item and service is "weighted".
"Weighting" is a process based on an analysis of the spending pat-
terns of average households. Householders are asked to keep a
record of how the family budget is spent and, on this basis,
statisticians assign a "weight" to each item in what is described as
the "basket of goods".
The more important an item in the "basket" is seen tq be as a result
of an analysis of the survey of household spending, the greater the
"weight", (in effect, a higher number) which will be assigned to it.
The total of all the "weights" in the "basket" is equal to, 1,000 in
the Grenada method of "weighting" and, month by month, CSO operates
a formula which uses the "weight" of each item and its current
price to determine how.many "points" the cost of that item has risen
or fallen. .
In the Grenada "basket", the "heaviest" item is "bread and cereals".
This item has a ~"weight" of 153.4 and the next in line is "vege-
tables" with a weight of 100.3. The total "weight" of the 60
food items listed is 590.0, making "food" the most "weighty" of the
9 categories into which the "basket" is divided.
A breakdown of the "food" category shows that, under "meat",which
item has a total "weight" of 73.7, there is an equal "wight" 'of 3.7
assigned to ham, bacon, corned beef, mutton, pickled pork and salted
beef. Fresh beef and fresh pork each stand at 7.4 but chicken is
well out in front with a "weight" of 36.7.
Comparing the "weights" of other categories'With the "weight" of
"food" (which stands at 590.0), "alcohol & tobacco has a "weight" of
25.0, "clothing & footwear, 80.0, "housing", 65.0, "fuel & light",
60.0, "furniture & appliances", 30.0, "transport 40.0, "household
supplies", 35.0, and other assorted items, 75.0.
Page 14'~ "
THE ,GRENADA -4iaE fTTeR.
CSO's monthly report a the cost of .'ivihg in 'Grenada discloses other
interesting information. It indicates that Grenadians are now feel-
ing much less of the pinch of inflation. (or the rising cost of living)
than they did three years ago.
Cost of Living
,uary to December
lil ILI (c) Aa121)
Jan 166.9 157.5 182.5 120,9 183.4
Feb 167.9 157.6 182 .5 121.0, 186.3
Mar 167.5 157,6 188.8 121.0 1.90.0
Aggi 68.2 163.3 188.8 122.3 189.0
MX 168.5 1644.9 188.8, 1,22.3 188.3
June '1710 168.0 '188.1 129.4 1'86.6
July 174.2 174.6 188.4 130.3 186.0
Aug 175.4 174.6 188.7 130.5 186.0
Sep 176.7 174.6 188.7 130.0 186.0
Oct 178.4 174.6 188.7 131.5 185.5
Nov 177.2 174.6 188.7 131.6 186.4
Dec 177.2 174.6 188.7 145.7 184.7
260.2 176.3 202.2 147.0
260.3 176.3 201.5
260.3 176.5 201.5
260.3 194.8 202.0
260.3 194.8 202.0
262,9 194.8 202.0
262.9 194.8 202.0
262.8 194.5 202.0
262.9 195.2 202.0
262.9 202.6 262.0
262.9 211.3 205.1
264. 211.3 205.1
(f) Furniture &
Alcohol & tobacco (g) Household supplies
Clothing & footwear (h) Transport
Housing (i) Miscellaneous
Fuel & light (j) All items.
Base of 100 points:established January 1979
Figures are not available for any period before Januart 1979 when the
base of the Interim Retai,l Price Index (IRPI) was fixed as 100 points
but, in that year, the inflation rate reflected by the IRPI figures
stood at 24.5%. :This meant that, for every $1.00 Grenadians
spent in January 1979, they were spending nearly $1.25 by Christmas
of that year. .
In the following year, 1980, that rate dropped to 21.8% and that
figure was halved to 10.5% in 1981. IRPI figures for 1982, now
published indicate-that the inflation rate dropped still further
last >year. .It stood at.. 7%, or an increase of just seven cents
on every dolla.. ..
Presenting his National Budget proposals earlier this year, Minister
of Finance Bernard Coard referred to this 1982 inflation rate of 7%
and gavesome explanation as to how it was arrived at.
: " ... ; 'b we'Call 4a baket
"Rises in the cost of living are measured on what we call a basket
of goodsT ", Mr Coard said. "Imagine a basket with all the gobds
an ordinary household needs to live on for a month. The basket
will contain things like food, clothing, house rent, cbst of
Week Enri4R3 -30.i4:83
l h) M il l
Week- Ehding' 30.4.*83 TM iE$RkADA ASUSLITTER Page 15
transportation, cost of electricity and other basic needs. The
value of each good in the basket is then added up to get the total
value each item-makes up, for example, food might nmike up 50% and
house rent might make to 25%."
Mr Coard said that, in 1982, the cost of housing remained static,
the cost of elec- _
tricity did not Cost of Living
increase and the January To December
National Trans- 1982
port Service Points
helped to reduce 180
costs on many
routes. The 178
price of locally -- -
went down but 17.6- -
the price of im-
ured goods went 174
173 L ..
"The main reason / /
for the slower 172 -
rate of increase 171.
in prices (in /
1982) is the 170
depression in th 169 4/All Items I
countries", the 168.
Minister of Fi- / 1
167 ^ -- -
namce said. "The FOO -
depression has 166 -
led to lower
rates of in-
flation in those 164 -----
since most of our
inflation is im- 162 ------- --
ported, then we,
too, had less 161
J F M, A M J J A S 0 N
Figures for the
first quarter of 1983 indicate that the downward trend in the cost
of living in Grenada is likely to continue this year.
Page 16. THE GRENADA NW.41jLgR R we eK 02mq Z % 0.
At March 31st, CSO reports decreases hi the costs of salted beef,
several vegetables and electricity. There were increases in the
costs .f housing and household supplies, but the total index stood
at 181.0 points, a fall of 0.1 of a point from the February figure
and an increase of only 0.89% since January 1st.
"If this trend continues", a CSO official told NEWSLETTER, "this
year, Grenada will record another favourable fall in the inflation
Cy thia Hughes
30th April 1983
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, JournalLsts
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies
* ~ *^-... C J[ _