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FOUND 17TH AUGUST 1973
For The Week Ending 26th March 1983-
llth Year of Pblication - -284th Issue
Volume 11 Number 5,
BISHOP WARNS OF U.S. ARMED 43GRESS ION
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said on March 17th that the
Ronald Reagan administration of the United States is moving
towards a "last desperate ploy".
Mr Bishop was at the time addressing some 600 persons assemb-.
led at the National Convention Centre to hear the presentat-
ion of the 1983 Budget & Plan by Minister of Finance Bernard
Over the last few months in particular, Mr Bishop said, the
"bitter pill" of Mr Reagan and his advisors has been that'
every attempt to isolate Grenada has failed, every attempt to
hold back the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has gone
astray, every attempt to confuse Grenadians has come to noth-
ing and every attempt to attack the PRG's foreign policy has
"Now that they have discovered all of these factsW, the Prime
Minister said, "they have been forced more and more to move
to the last desperate ploy that they have left, the one last
desperate action they can take, the action of armed aggress- -%
ion against our country,." ,
Mr Bishop said the Grenada revolution is the only "popular
revolution" in the world which has not suffered armed attack;
but this will not remain so and it must be remembered that
Mr Ronald Reagan is not "some ordinary human being" but a
"real true-to-life facist in the best traditions of Hitler
and Goebels". continued
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P O Bkb 65, St .GebrgeS, Grad&a, Westintgles
~~~~~~- ~~ ~--~---~~-
Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLET ER. Week thing 26 3
The leagan Administration will be making a "sad mistake&" if they be-.
lieve~.G enA~ g ns .,wi "M over nd give up what we have-fought to
build these *>t four yeas's", he id. What is a ke, sid
is it ow mu military might i ,involvEd bi wha e
principle for which one i4 fighting Al iheibe it Vnd- he ~s ofithi
people to fight. ...
"Reagan had better not believe that just by, killing those of us on
this stage (podium) that he has had a.victory", Mr Bishop said, "be--
cause that might be a victory of sorts, it might be a, shot sighted
victory but, in terms of the survival of this revolution, in terms
of its greater consolidation, in terms of its continuing to go for-
yward, Reagan better -be absolutely convinced, for every one of us on
this stage that will be killed, 10 thousand more will arise out there
among our people with ar e-in their hands to fight back."
Mr Bishop said Mr Reagan is indulging in "international macoism"
(Grenadianese: to mace =-to pry and peep maliciously) and Grenada
cannot stop this because the United States has satellites.which.can
"pick up even a pin on. the island".
"So we cant stop this international peeping-tomism, we cant stop this
macoism, they can keep on peeping all they wanttt", he said, "but I
think the message that our people need to deliver back to Ronald
Reagan again is that piping is one thing, you can get all the
ockrced-eye you want from peeping, but_ don't move from peeping to try
to land because when you try to land we will take away your eye,
your belly and your toe and all !.'
The PRG wants no quarrel with the U.S.Administration, he said. The
PRG recognizes that peace is the most important infrastructure and
the PRG wants to live in peace and have the right to build its own
process peacefully in its own way.
"But Reagan should wake up", the Prime Minister said, "and he should
understand that there are-countries and peoples (notwithstanding
what he used to do in the movies) that have pride, dignity, self
respect, that are fiercely independent, that will die before they
submit or give in to someone else's principles and what they want
BE READY TO KILL, SAYS AUSTIN
Addressing a demonstration called on March 23rd im. support of
Nicaragua, General of the Armed Forces, Hudson Austin, urged the
d-emonstratoars to move beyond shout ng slo ns and, through member-
ship of thel MfL1Tdaft pubsa>themmlest for.an attack o* the
island by "united States imperialism* which, he predicted, was
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
"From here, Comrades", he said, "every one of you must report to your
Militia centre. You will find Comrades there who are going to
talk to you. You will find Comrades there who will tell you what
we are doing. Comrades, it is your responsibility, it is now your
duty not to do too much chanting.and clapping, but it is your respon-
sibility to now do the jumping and swinging that will prepare you
for what is coming in the next few days."
General Austin said that, whenever counter-revolutionaries enter
Grenada and "fire one single bullet", it is the duty of his hearers
to "wipe then off the planet". Grenadians cannot be complacent,
he said, because it was made public that the United States is train-
ing mercenaries in Miami to foil the revolutionary processes in the
Caribbean which means Cuba, Grenada and Nicaragua... Paratroops
could be dropped in Grenada's mountains that night, he said.
"So Comrades', he said, "whatever angle they come from or action they
take, we must be ready to fight them, we must be ready to kill, I say
kill, Comrades, to kill every one of them. !I We must be ready to
wipe them out, we must be ready to use theplas manure for the bananas
and nutmegs 1.!"
General Austin said that, as the demonstrators dispersed to the
various Militia centres, the hearts and minds of everyone should be
ready and prepared, knowing that, at any moment, "all those 300
planes and all those 70 battleships that are presently in our waters
in the-Caribbean", could be dropping troops on Grenada.
"But Comrades", he said, "they may drop their troops, they may have
plenty.battleships and they have plenty planes and they may have
plenty soldiers who are fighting for big salaries, but nothing can
beat a people who know what they are fighting for ..."
BISHOP: U.S.ATTACK "REAL & IMMINENT"
In a national broadcast on March 23rd, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
said his Government had come to the conclusion that the threat of an
attackon-Grenada by the United States of America was "real and
"When the President of the United States of America, who is also
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces states publicly that tiny
Grenada is a threat to the national security of the mighty and
powerful United States of America", he -aid, "and when his top ad-
visors and military personnel indicate that the time has come to
put teeth in their rhetoric then it is clear that Goliath has final-
ly turned his full attention to David." continued -
Week Ending 26.3.83 -,
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week. Ending 26.3.83
The Prime Minister said his intelligence services have discovered
several important facts about the planned invasion and the Peoples
Revolutionary.Government (PRG) knows that the main base of operations
against Grenada is located in a neighb during territory "only a few
The P9G knows the name of the United States Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA) Case Officer responsible for co6rdinat:ing tht plot against .Gre-
nada, Mr Bishop said. The PRG knows that the 0'A -has already given
the counter-revolutionaries money, arms and training, the Priipe
Minister said, and there have been offers of transpotation, logistic
support and supplies and an undertaking that, immediately their attack
is launched, their Government will receive United States recognition.
"We-have been able", he said, 'not only to uncover.the actual plans,;
to overthrow our Government and turn back -the revolution, but .a~o -the
approximate number of' Mn they hope tod 'use, he approxim.4te number and
type of arms they possess and-the kind of logistical support thqy hope
to receive. We know the targets they intend todestroby weiinow
many of the persons. they jipten 'to, arrest, those they plan to ili and
how they plan to-strike terror and fear among the board masses."
Mr Bishop said there have been .previous occasions when 'Grenada has-
been threatened with attack but, through the mobilisation of regional
and international public opinion, the PRG has forced its enemies to
change their plans,. The PRG understands the tremendous import-
dnce and impact of international public opinion, he said, and, on
this occasion, the necessary steps were being taken-to alert and '
mobilise regional and international public opinion.
'Sisters and brothers of our beloved revolutionary homeland", he said,
"again in the face of this grave danger, we need to call our people to
arms. Once.again we have to shoulder our fundamental responsib-
ilities to defend what we fought for and what we have won aftdr many
years of bitter struggle. We must never forget that the only way
we can ever guarantee that international public opinion comes to our
defence is if we can continue to demonstrate to the world that we
are willing as a united people, every single one of us, to stand up
firmly on our own two legs with arms in our handsto.;afight; and to
:die if necessary in the defence of our,'beloved homeland.".,
Grenadians' fundamental duty is to defend their homeland, he said,
to be psychologically, politically and combatively prepared to handle
.an attack in whatever form and at whatever fime "Reagan atd his war
mongers may choose to -and n our shores., '
"!his nmeanss for thos- cf mo who. areSnot yet in the Militia', Mr- Bishop
aiS, "wier must join now. For those who are inactive, we, must re-
actiivate-ourselves and begin training againin. a serious, consistent
and revolutionary manner." -
_ __ __
Week Ending 26.3.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTERage
.MILITIA. COAST, GUARD CARRY OUT MISSIONS
The State owned Radio Free Grenada (RFG) reported on March 25th that
the Peoples Revolutionary Militia,,together, with the Coast Guard Ser-
vice carried out successful missions over the previous week.
RFG said the Militia and Coast, Guard.intercepted five men on a beach
at night some 2 miles north of St Georges in -the -vicinity of the
Emulsion Plant and the Fuel Tank Farm. Also intercepted were two
boats- which were approaching the beach without, lights.
The radio station said another detention was made by the Militia
whdn a "foreigner" :was i.found "wondering around inside the (Pearls)
airport compound at 2.15 in the morning."
"Only last week eud", RFG said, "a Coast Guard patrol boat inter-
cepted a large foreign trawler with some 60,000 pounds of fish. The
craft was caught just off Islet Ronde" ( n the Grenadines some six
miles north of Grenada.)
A spokesman for the Venezuelan Embassy told NEWSLETTER that the 80-
ton Venezuelan fishing trawler '"Payacho" was arrested 'by the Grenada
Coast GuarYd in the Gronadinos at 3.30 on the morning of Sunday 19th
The "Payacho", captained by a Japanese who is a naturalised Venez-
uelan, has a crew of 20 of which four are Venezuelan and the others
Korean, the spokesman said. When arrested, she was carrying 28
tons of fresh fish.
"The boat had been fishing some 50 miles off Barbados", the spokes-
man said, "and, when arrested,. was on her way back to Venezuela.
The Captain denies fishing in Grenada's waters and said.he was usirnW
those waters on his way back.to Venezuela because that course gave
him the best advantage of the tide."
At press time, the boat was moored in St Georges harbour and the
Venezuelan Embassy was awaiting a decision of the authorities.
U.S.CONGRRESSMN: AIRPORT IS "MILITARY NON-SEQUITUR"
In reply to 'President Ronald Reagan's charges on March 23rd that a
naval base and a superior air base are being built in Grenada, the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) on March 24th released the
text of a diplomatic note sent to the American Embassy in Barbados.
The note refers to the visit to Grenada of California Congressman
Ronald V Dellums and to his testimony given last June 15th to the
sub-committee on Inter-American Affairs which was, at that time,
conducting hearing on United States policy towards Grenada.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Mr Dellums testified that, before conducting a fact finding mission to
Grenada, he was briefed by the United States Atlantic Fleet Commander
and had had the "absolute impression" that nothing being done in Gre-
nada constitutes a threat to the United States or her allies.
"Particularly there is no concern regarding the new international
airport currently under construction in Grenada", he testified. "As
a matter of fact, the Atlantic Fleet Commander stated that the new
airport is a military non-sequitur".
Mr Dellums said he was also assured by high level officials of thq
Air Defence Command that the airport being constructed on the southern
tip of Grenada is of no consequence to' the United States and did not
then or ever has presented a threat to the security of the United
The diplomatic note said that, until Mr Reagan's statements, the PRG
had felt "fairly confident" that reassurances it had given had dis'-
polled the "unfounded and unreasonable fears" of the U.S. Adminis-
tration, and Mr Reagan's statements appear to be in sharp contra-
diction to the views of his naval and air defence officials.
ITr view of these contradictions, the note said, the PRG is
"constrained" to seek clarification of the facts on which Mr Reagan's
statements were based and the intention with which those statements
COARD PRESENTS BC$249.85 MILLION BUDGET
ministerr of Finance Bernard Coard presented on March-17th a national
budget of EC$249.85 million (US$1.00 = EC$2.70) of which BC$145
millionn will be capital expenditure, BC$81.35 will be recurrent
c penditure, EC$15 million will be spent on State Enterprises and
EC$8.5 million will service the national debt.
This budget is 16.75% bigger than the 1982 budget as originally
presented by Mr Coard in March 1982. Capital expenditure is 8%
up from EC$134 million, recurrent expenditure is up by 19.9% from
EC$69.9 million and expenditure on State Enterprises is up by
23.9% from EC$12.1 million.
Addressing some 400 persons assembled at the National Convention
Centre to hear his presentation, the Minister gave the outturn of
the 1982 budget and disclosed that it was some 14% less than was
"X v4nt to draw you attention to the fact that in 1982", he said,
"the size of our budget was, on the recurrent expenditure, BC$67.5
i-llion, BC$12 million recurrent expenditure on S.ate Enterprises,
Week Ending 26.3.83
- continued -
Week Ending 26.3.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page '?
BC$101.5 million capital expenditure, aC$3.8 million in payments O
Public Debt, making a total State Sector budget of BC$184.8 million"
These figures make the 1983 budget over 35% bigger than the actual
outturn of the 1982 budget, capital expenditure being up by 42%,
recurrent expenditure by 20.5% and expenditure on State Enterprises
being unchanged at an increase of 23,9%.
In his presentation in 1982, the Minister gave no figures for pay-
ment of the national debt. ,The figure of EC$3,8 million now dis-
closed as having been paid under this head in 1982 makes the payment
of EC$8.5 million in 1983 an increase of-nearly 124%,
Except to say that nearly,37% of the recurrent budget is being spent
on education and health, the-Minister gave no details' of either
revenue or expenditure of his budget. These details, he said,
are to be published shortly in a comprehensive document for public
COARD LISTS "PLAN INDICATORS"
Grenada's National Budget for 19.83, presented on March 17th by
Minister of Finance Bernard Coard, is backed by a "National Plan"
and, in his presentation, Mr Coard spoke of "plan indicators" which
point to what the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) wants to
achieve this year.
"I want to list you these eight particular plan indicators which our
Ministries and Departments and State Enterprises:, in cooperation
with the private sector, will be'seeking to achieve in 1983", he
told the representative gathering assembled at thp-National Convent-
ion Centre to hear his address.
The first "indicator't the Minister itemised is the value-of product-
ion of the 41 enterprises managed by Government. In 1981, he
said, the output of thest enterprises was EC$54.4 million. That
figure rose in 1982 to. EC$72.9 million and the target for 1983 is
EC$95 million, an increase of 30.3%.
Dealing with what he called the second part of the first indicator,
Mr Coard said the Government expects a growth in private sector out-
put of 8%, 2% less than the 10% experienced in 1982.
The second indicator he defined as "state sector overall profits".
In 1982, he said, these profits amounted to EC$3 million nett after
all expenses and depreciation had been deducted and the target in
1983 is BC$5 million, an increase of 66%.
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 26.3.83
".Private sector profit's we expect 'to increase by approximately C$2.5
million over what they were last year", the Minister said
Increased emplyrL,.nt in the sta+e sector is the third indicator and
Mr Card said that, in 1982, 650 new 'jobs had been created and' expect-
ation in 1983, .is a result of direct production, is creation of 400
Under "inflation rate projections", the fourth indicator, he expects
there will bean increase from the 1982 figure of 7%:to approx-
imately 8.5% -
"Wage rate projections" for State and private sector combined is the
fifth'indicator. In 1982, Mr Coard said Wage rates rose an
average of approximately 10% across the economy and this' average it
expected to remain the 'same during the current year-*!--
The sixth indicator is the growth of the economy, what the Minister
called "our real gross domestic productt" after deducting inflation.
"In the first year of the revolution", he said, "based on World Bank
cdta, our economy grew by 2.1%. In 1980 our economy grew by a
further 3%, in 1981 our economy grew by another 3% and in 1982 our
economy experienced the highest growth rate in';th' Western Hemisphere
and one of the highest in- the world, 5.5,'at aa time obf the greatest
Tre Minister said the PRG does not expect to achieve 5.5% growth in
1933 but the goal has been set at between 3% and 4%.
Moving to the seventh-indicator,- "import goals", MrCoard said that,
in 1979, the food bill was 30.6% of,the: total.import bill. This,
percentage dropped in 1980 to 28.9%, in 1981 .to.28.2% and-in 1982
to 27.5%. The target in 1983 is 25%.-:
"We want, year by year, to chip away at .the:question of the import-
ation of food and the substitution with .domestic- production", he
said, "and so we have set ourselves this target. It is not
easy to achieve. It looks like just the reduction of 2.5% but
it involves a tremendous increase in local production to achieve
The second part of this: indicator, the Minister said-, refers to
the "real import bill" which, he said, was reduced in 1982 by 2.2%
and the target in 1983 is a further reduction of 2%.
"FRxport: targets" is the eighth and final indicator listed by the
Minister., In 1979, he said, the island's traditional crops,
coco3, nutmegs and bananas, accounted for 93% of all exports and
non-traditionals like flour, animal feed, furniture and garments
provided the othek 7%.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
In the years 1980,, 1981 afl 1982, he said, the ratio improved in'
favour of non-traditionals by 85/15, 74/26 and 63/37 respectively,
and the target for 1983 is 60% traditionals and 40% non-tradition-
This diversification is important, Mr Coard said, so that the
island's economy will be in a better position to withstand any
difficulties which may arise on the international market with any
one export product.
Winding up this part of his address, Minister Coard said the total
value of the island's experts in 1982 was EC$50.1 million and;, in
the current year, this figure is expected to rise by 6.2% to
PRG WANTS PRIVATE SECTOR OUT OF MERCHANDISING
Minister of Finance Bernard Coard has told the nation that the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) wants the private sector to
get out of the business of merchandising and go into manufacturer.
Mr Coard said this as he presented a EC$249.85 million national
budget at the National Convention Centre at Grand Anse on March 17th
and his statement came in the context of his announcement that,
from March 2nd, an Investment Code, prepared over a 2-year period
by a private sector/State committee, is now effective.
"We have said privately and publicly to our people and to the
private sector directly", he said, "we want you out of merchandis-
ing, we want you out of importing and wholesaling, we want you out
of margin gathering and into direct production."
Mr Coard said Grenada can be built only by direct production and
the days of "invoice form technology", the days of importing goods,
putting a mark-up on them and selling them, are over.
The Investment Code provides- a package of very attractive incent-
ives of a wide variety which give the maximum encouragement to the
Grenada private sector to invest-in the vital development sectors
of industrialisation, hotel construction and tourism expansion
generally, he said.
"These are the areas where our future -lies as4 a'people", he said,.
"and we invite the private sector to join with the.State sector ir
doing this task because the State sector isn't joking, we're out irn
front and who wants to catch up with us can come and catch up with
Week Ending 26.3.83
Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending.26.3.83
PRG DISPLAYS MILITARY EQUIPMENT
Following a military display at Tanteen, on the outskirts of "
St Georges, in celebration of the fourth anniversary of the March
13th 1979 revolution, the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG)
staged an impressive island-wide motorcade on March 13th.
Headed by six 8-wheeled, 4-axled armoured personnel carriers, the
lwotorcade involved scores of trucks, cars, buses and jeeps and
included one other smaller armoured personnel carrier, 7 field
guns (possibly anti-aircraft), mobile searchlights, generators,
ambulances and other unidentified mobile equipment, many of them
bearing Russian markings.
Taking part in the motorcade were the Peoples Revolutionary Army,
the Militia, Police, Cadets and civilians.
BANANA GROWERS RETURNS BELOW PRODUCTION COSTS
In spite of the loss of production in Grenada occasioned by "Moco"
clisease in the plantations, the 1983 forecast for Windward Island
banana production is for an increase of, nearly 8%.from 106,755 tons
in 1982 to 115,000 tons, and indications are that the islands may
reach a total of 130,000 tons this year.
This was disclosed by President of the Windward Islands Banana
Growers Association (WINBAN), Mr Harry Atkinson, as he addressed a
2-day WINBAN General Meeting which opened in Grenada on March 24th,
If these increases can be achieved, Mr Atkinson said, it will be a
btoon to the economies of the Windward Islands (Grenada, St Vincent,
St Lucia and Dominica) and to the business fortunes of Greet
Industries Ltd, the United Kingdom Company which is under contract
to buy and market the Windwards' banana crop.
"The problem is how to sustain the level of production now
achieved", the President said. "This cannot be done in the face
of heavy losses the banana grower is now experiencing."
Mr Atkinson said the price the grower received over the last few
months is well below his production costs and, unless something
is done to ensure that the grower gets a reasonable price, the
enthusiasm evident last year for rehabilitating the banana fields
"'Because of the current drop in the value of the pound sterling
as against the exchange rate at this period last year", Mr Atkinson
said, "the loss of earnings from banana sales on the estimated
tonnage for 1983 is expected to be approximately EC$15 million.
Similar losses in 1981 and 1982 were EC$15.3 million and BC$14.7
Week Ending -26,3.83 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
million respectively, totaling BC$45 million over a three year
The islands cannot do without the banana industry, he said, and that
industry cannot be expected to.survive in the face of such stagger-
ing losses without massive aid. Whatever is necessary to pre-
serve the industry must be done as a matter of urgency, he said.
"In the search for ways and means to ensure the survival of our
industry", Mr Atkinson said, "the contractual arrangements with
Geest Industries for the marketing of our fruit, naturally, come up
for scrutiny. It is felt that, in the light of experience, ....
it is time for a contract review."
The Governments of the Windward Islands appointed a "Contract Review
Committee under the chairmanship of Dr Bernard Yankey of the Carib-
bean Development Bank, he said. This committee has now submitted
its recommendations and it is expected that Geest will soon be.
notified of the areas in the contract for which renegotiation is
The President hoped that negotiations could be concluded swiftly
but, because they might be protracted and because of the crisis in
the industry, he said, it is necessary to request Geest to join
WINBAN in an immediate reexamination of the operation of the exist-
Mr Atkinson pointed out areas in the operation of the.contract
which, he said, showed "a very clear indication of the constant
erosion of returns to the banana grower", and with reference to
certain charges which the growers must bear, he said the time has
come to "examine the prudence of continuing to bear these charges
for an industry for whom the bell t611s".
"And let me remind you most emphatically", ,he said,"that our island!
cannot afford any tolling of bells for our banana industry."
The agenda for this meeting provided for discussions with Geest
Industries on a wide range of subjects including the market sit-
uation, fruit quality and a review of the contractual cost in the
LOUISON: GEEST CONTRACT "SERIOUSLY OVERWEIGHTED"
Minister of Agriculture George Louison said on March 24th that
Geest Industries Ltd (the United Kingdom firm which is under con-
tract to buy and market Windward Islands bananas) has derived great
benefits from the banana industry of the Windward Islands.
Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLIETER week Endinga 6.3.83
"When the Company started off in our area, it started off leasing ships",
he said, "and today we can see that the Company has been able to move in
those 29 years from a situation of leasing ships to now owning 4 large
vessels, so large that they had to move the port in which the smaller
vessels used to operate, and the banana farmers have to pay for that
moving from port to port."
Ir Louison was at the time delivering the feature address at the open-
ing on March 24th of a 2-day meeting of the Windward Islands Banana
Growers Association (WINBAN), and, referring to the contract which
Geest has with WINBAN, he said this document is seriouslyy overweighted
in favour of Geest.
The Minister urged the meeting to give consideration to the further
strengthening of WINBAN so that it can become "more professionalised
and a serious business organisation."
"We know that, over the years, when WINBAN and Geest sit down to
negotiate", he said, "quite often WINBAN has been at a disadvantage
of not having the best technical expertise in order to negotiate
contracts through which we can get more for the farmers of our
C countries "
[rt Louison said that, for the years 1981, 1982 and 1983, Windward
Island banana farmers will have lost EC$45 million as a result of the
declining value of the pound sterling, and it has been the experience
S-at banana farmers have a further loss because, purchasing goods from
th.e United Kingdom, they have found that a number of British Companies
are now quoting in United States dollars.
"-rom the standpoint of the Peoples Revolutionary Government", he said,
"we are prepared to work side by side in all of these aspects of seeing
that the banana industry is organised to the tune that our farmers and
our economies can benefit more from it. We will be prepared to giv9
every assistance to support your cause."
lister Hughes Cynthia Hughes
26th March 1983
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Geurges, Grenada, Westindies
rr -I r~rr h AI~