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FOUNDED 17TH AUGUST 1973
For The Week Ending August 7th 1982
10th Year of Publication - - - 274th Issue
Volume 10 Number 12
GRENADA TO HAVE SATELLITE "DISH"
Grenada is to install a satellite ."dish" which will .enable
the island to .receive directly all television and radio-
programmes broadcast in the Soviet Union.,
According to Radio Free Grenada (RFG), this was disclosed at
a press conference on August 5th by Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop as he discussed his recent visit to Moscow, and Mr
Bishop said this development will assist in breaking the
"cultural imperialist stronghold" on Grenada.
"As a result of this satellite ^dish", the Prime Minister said,
"we will now have the opportunity of hearing the other side,
of receiving news with a progressive and socialist bias.U
Mr Bishop said the satellite earth station also has-relevance
to communications generally, but there is one aspect he
wished to emphasise above all.
"I think the major starting point, and that which I want to
stress most of all", he said, "is the opportunity it gives
us, staying right here in Grenada, of receiving other kinds
of programmes that can substitute for the American garbage
which we have to look at right now."
The Prime Minister returned to Grenada on August 3rd at
the end of his visit to ,the Soviet Union, which visit start-
ed on July 24th.
According to RFG, before leaving Moscow, Mr Bishop sent a
letter of gratitude to the Central Committee of the Comm-
unist Party of the Soviet Union expressing appreciation of
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
PO Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, WestJndies
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
the cordial reception given to the Grenada delegation
In his letter, the Prime Minister said the delegation learned that the
Soviet people are.striving for world peace, and the Soviet people sup-
port all peace initiatives which are being constantly forwarded by the
The Prime Minister told the Central Committee that his delegation was
impressed strongly by the organisation of the Soviet society and was
inspired d by the leading role of theCommunist Party in guiding and
organising that society.
Among other disclosures at Mr Bishop's press conference, reported by
F.iG, was a gift to Grenada from Russia of US$1.5 million to cover the
ost of a spray plane for agricultural use, 400 tons of flour, items
< clothing and quantities of steel. The station said also that an
Agreement had been signed for the sale of cocoa and nutmegs to the
iroviet Union over a 5 year period "at.stable prices". The Agree-
.-i;t 'also provides for the sale of bananas to Russia.
ia'ditionally, accords have been signed making provision for feasibil-
.ty studies in .a number of areas including soil and water conservation,
-rigation, fisheries and establishment of a machine tool shop and
i.Jr Bishop told the press conference it is important to note that the
Soviet Union does not have transnational corporations in Grenada or
c other developing, countries. ,
then they give assistance", he said, "it is not in return for the
brutal exploitation of their companies raking out the profits.'
11h Prime Minister said Russian assistance is given for "more principl-
ed and fraternal reasons", and sometimes the assistance is linked to
the objective of "ensuring the further development df the world
Socialist Movement and ensuring the further development of developing
countries, economically in particular."
With reference to the trade agreements signed with the Soviets,
Mr Bishop said these give Grenada a further opportunity to diversify
its trade relations and develop new markets.
"While we have to maintain the existing markets we have relevant to
foreign exchange, relevant to ensuring that we continue to trade with
our traditional friends and partners", the Prime Minister said, "but
at the same time we must develop new trading relationships because; one
of the things we know from studying other Agreements.which have been
s:'gned with developing countries like ours ,is that you can sign Agree-
mants for a guaranteed sale over a definite period and at stable prices.
i'r Bishop said these conditions permit developing countries to plan and
he thought this is very important- to Grenada.
Week Ending_ 7.8.82
Week Ending 7.8,.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
Other benefits to the island, previously announced by RFG, arising
from Mr Bishop's visit to Moscow, include a line of credit of US$7.5
million repayable over 10 years at 39 interest and with a grace per-
iod of 3 years. This credit will finance establishment of the
satellite earth station and feasibility studies on a port on the0is-
land's east coast and improved water supplies and sewerage disposal
Together with their advisors, the Prime-:Minister was accompanied on
his Moscow tripby Minister of Agriculture George Louison, Foreign
Minister Unison Whiteman.,and Minister of Industrial Development and
Fisheries Kendrick Radix.
PRG DISSATISFIED WITH LIAT
-The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has written a letter to
the Chairman of the Board of Directors of LIAT expressing concern
over what it called the deterioration of air services between Gre-
nada and Trinidad.
Deputy Minister of Finance Lyden Ramdhanny/to the Government Inform-
ation Services that, because of the poor quality of service, a num-
ber of persons were unable to come to Grenada over the.August holi-
day weekend to attend the regatta in the sister island of Carriacou
and the PRG is anxious to see an improvement in the service.
A number of persons have indicated'their unwillingness to return to
the island unless the service- is improved, Mr Ramdhanny. said, and
this will have an adverse effect on the foreign exchange earnings of
A spokesman for LIAT's Grenada office told NEWSLETTER on August 5th
that his office did not know of any, particular difficulties over the
August holiday weekend, but from time to time there is a "bottle--
neck" in Trinidad which creates confusion on the Trinidad/Grenada
VENEZUELA GIVES HOUSES
The Venezuelan Government is to make a gift of 100 prefabricated
wooden houses to the Peoples Revolutionary Government.
A spokesman for the Venezuelan Embassy in Grenada told NEWSLETTER
the houses, valued at US$S'million and measuring each 72 square
meters, will arrive in Grenada'on August 10th.. ,
The spokesman said the Venezuelan Government is also to construct,
as a gift to the PRG, a 200-place school, a nursery day centre and
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Bndini 7.8.82
a medical centre.
Pearls airport is also to benefit from Venezuelan aid with the arrival
shortly of a shipment of fencing which will be used to enclose the air-
port area.. .
J SOVIET EMBASSY FOR GRENADA
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop disclosed at a press conference on
August 5th, accordingg to Radio Free Grenada', that the Soviet Union
is to establish an Embassy in Grenada shortly.
The first Embassy to be set upin Grenada .was the Cuban and this was
followedd by the Venezuelan and, more recently, the Libyan.
'Mr Bishop's disclosure comes after his recent visit to Moscow where
Grenada's Ambassador is Mr Richard Jacobs. The Prime Minister
said the Russian Embassy will be set up within the next six weeks.
** **". b. :* .+ oIT
FAO DIRECTOR VISITS
SLebanese born Director of the United Nations Food & Agriculture
Organisation (FAO), Mr Bduardo Saouaai:wound.up.a brief-.visit to'
Grenada on August 6th.
t Saouma, who arrived in Grenada on August 5th, held talks with
'Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and Minister of Agriculture George
Louison. -. --.
GRENADIANS IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES ABROAD
Four Grenadians are now overseas taking part in educational activ-
ities sponsored by the Organisation of American States (OAS).
Ms.Shirley Thompson of the Department of Culture in the Ministry of
Education is participating in a workshop on "Cultural Promotion &
Policy Development" which opened in Kingston, Jamaica on July '26th
and runs until the end of August.under the auspices of the Institute
At the same time, Ms Bernice Robertson and Mr Jude Thompson, secon-
lary school teachers, are students in a special intensive training
course for teachers of Spanish. That course is being conducted
At the Interamerican Centre of Languages in Caracas, Venezuela and
ends on September 5th.
- continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
The fourth Grenadian involved in these OAS sponsored educational
activities is Mr Oliver Bullen of the Ministry of Construction who
is in Mexico taking part in a training course related to the con-
struction of educational facilities.
BEC COMMISSIONER VISITS GRENADA
Mr Edgar Pisani, Commissioner for Development of the European Eco-
nomin Community (EBC), stationed in Brussels, completed a visit to
Grenada on July 26th, having arrived in the island on July 24th
together with Mr Gerald Watterson, Delegate of the BEC resident in
Mr Pisani, who replaced Mr Claude Cheysson as Commissioner when the
latter became Minister of Foreign Affairs in the French Government
last year, was on a familiarisation tour which, in addition to Gre-
nada, included Barbados, Dominica, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana and
EEC representative in Grenada: Mr 'Albetto Ferrari, .acted as host to
GRENADA ON EXECUTIVE OF JOURNALISTS BODY
Grenada has been elected to the post of one of the Vice-Presidents
of the Federation of Latin American Journalists which organisation
recently concluded its Third Congress in Panama.
According to Radio Free Grenada, this election brings to two the
number of English-speaking countries on the Executive of the Fer-
eration, Jamaica already holding one of the Vice-Presidencies of
Grenada was represented at the Congress by Mr Ray Donald, President
of the Media Workers Association of Free Grenada.
CUBA GIVES SCHOLARSHIPS
The Government of Cuba has offered 44 scholarships to Grenada for
the academic year 1982/1983.
This offer is made up of 20 university level scholarships and 24
middle level scholarships, and the Ministry of Education announced
that it would begin interviews wit prospective scholarship holders
on August 5th.
*wi aCrpS f4(i''r
Week Ending 7.8.82
Page 6 THE GRENADA' NEWSLETTER Week Ending 7..82
T'IfRKE CHARGED WITH JOftISON'S MURDER
Three persons were charged on July 30th in the'Grerville Magistrate's
Court with the murder of Roy Jordison,70, a Minister of Religion of
the United Church of Canada, who had been working with the Methodist
Church in Grenada for the last 4 years.
Jordison's body was discovered by his maid when she reported for work
on the morning of July'24th. It'is reported that he had been
strangled and that his home, the Methodist Manse on the outskirts of
Grenville, the island's second town which is located on the east
coast, was ransacked.
The dead man was born in Canada, the son of a farmer, and in his
early years served in the Canadian Army. Answering a call to the
ministry after his discharge from the Army, he was ordained and
worked with the United Church of Canada until 1973. His Carib-
bean ministry began that. year with the Presbyterian Church in Trini-
dad & Tobago, and he came from that post to Grenada in September
1978 to serve the Methodist Church.
Present in Grenada for Jordison's funeral, which took place on July
30th, was his son Paul who is resident in Vancouva, Canada, and his
daughter Genna, resident in Toronto, Canada. Both son and daugh-
ter are unmarried and are in their mid-20s.
O)f the three persons charged on July 30th, two are accused of the
murder and the third of being an accomplice to the act.
THREE NEW AMBASSADORS
On July 2nd last, during the annual Heads of Mission meeting which
took place in Grenada during the week ending July 3rd, Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop announced three new appointments to Grenada's Diplo-
Mr Leon "Bogo" Corpwall, former Secretary (Junior Minister) for
Youth and Chairman of the National Youth Organisation has been
appointed Ambassador to Cuba, replacing Mr Richard Jacobs who is
now stationed in Moscow.
Mr Joe Charter is now Grenada's Ambassador to Libya and Mr Osbert
Benjamin, until recently Charge d'Affaires to Iraq, has been
upgraded to Ambassador to that country.
... ,..T i ,
I I f _
_ ~_ __
Week Eiding 7.8.82
EAST CARIBBEAN CURRENCY AUTHORITY
Statement of Assets:& Liabilities
At 28th February 1982
Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
Fixed Deposits & Money at call 93,724,388
Regional Currencies 1,895;474
Bankers Balances 7,940,610
Participating Governments Securities
including Treasury Bills
THE ROSS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
The Ross School of Medicine, formerly the University of Dominica,
located near to Portsmouth at the northern end of Domilica, has
entered into an agreement with the Jersey City Medical Centre in the
United States of America to take in 80 of the School's students who
will do their clinical studies at the Centre.
This was disclosed recently to NEWSLETTER by Dr James Cassidy, Vice-
Chancellor of the School, who said that, in addition to the students
covered by this new agreement, the Jersey City Medical Centre has
already taken in 25 of the Schoolts students.
This School, which has a full-time faculty of 22 an an enrollment ofll
200, was opened in 1979 and has already achieved a pass rate of 49%
in the examination .of the United States Educational Commission for
Foreign Medical Students.
Explaining the early graduates from an institution'.only-thrge: years
old, Dr Cassidy said the student body has many students who have
transferred from other medical schools and who came to the Ross
School of Medicine at an advanced stage of their studies.
: ''THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
-- jiii111 ....-
P-ge 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 7.8.82
Dr Cassidy.said that, in spite .of demonstrated achievements, the Ross
School of Medicine,. Like all other foreign medical schools, faces
opposition in certain -medical'circles-in the United States .of America.
This opposition, he.said, comes, to some extent, from the American
Medical Association, but is centred mainly in the,Association of
American Medical Colleges.
T3 -, Vice-Chancellor felt, however, that foreign medical schools per-
form a valuable service and he has no doubts concerning the future of
UNCERTAIN FUTURE FOR BANANAS
e weight of bananas produced in Grenada for export in 1981 was, with
.-e exception of one year, the lowest in the last 20 years. That
..ception was 1974 when civil unrest,for a period of several months,
di rupted production of all the island's export crops.
J:e setback occasioned by this unrest, however, was not the only factor
-ich caused the 1974 drop in production. The export low of 19.5
r ,llion pounds in that year 'came at the end of a decline from a record
eak of 59.9 million pounds in 1968. Following that decline, there
.as a recovery to 35 million pounds in 1976 but, since then, the up-
,:'ard trend has been reversed and it appears now that the Banana Indus-
t y is facing another decline which may drop the export tonnage to a
-'nt even lower than the 1974 figure.
Grenada first planted bananas commercially in 1953. The Industry
was then on a small scale but, two years later, it was given an unex-
pEcted boost. In September 1955, hurricane "Janet" laid waste the
island's plantations and created a situation which gave impetus to
the planting of bananas.
Traditionally, the Grenadian farmer plants orchard crops. .Cocoa
was introduced by the French in 1714 and Grenadian overseers, sent
out to the Far East to share their expertise with cane farmers in
that region, brought back the nutmeg in the early 1840s as a curi-
Disease in the Far East nutmeg plantations wiped out thousands of
acres of that crop in the 1850s.and 1860s and this' created an opening
for Grenadian agriculturists to develop another orchard crop in
addition to cocoa. Nutmeg trees planted in the back-yards of the
island's Great Houses (and cultivated principally for providing
n-if:megs to be grated on to Sunday morning rum punches) provided the
s ,ds for planting the new crop, an export trade was developed by
t;'~ end of the last century and, when the hurricane struck in 1955,
Gienadars economy depended heavily on the two orchard crops of
cncoa and nutmegs. continued -
Weok Ending 7.8.C82
What was required after' the hurricane tJanet" disaster was wide-
sprdei replanting of the oocoa and nutmeg plantations. :'The young
plants'needed shade and the extensive use made of the banana plant
for thi-s purpose gave Grenada's Banana Industry its'real start.
Four years later, as rehabilitation of the cocoa and nutmeg plant-
over 30 million
pounds of bananas
figure dropped to
pounds in 1960 and
25.4 million in
1961, but in 1962
it rose to 28.1
million arid, from
that year onwards,
there was a steady
rise until the re-
cord total of 59.9
million pounds was
reached in 1968.
At this point,
resulted in a dra-
matic fall in ban-
a new constitut-;,
ional status in- ,
1967 when, on the
3rd March of that
year, the island
was made a State in
Value EC$ Decrease
2,442,988 + 1.07%
8,503,421 + 9.86%
9,822,400 + 4.40%
10,656,966 + 8.50%
The figures in this table should not be taken
as absolute. They have been drawn from The
Grenada Banana Cooperative Society, Geest In-
dustries Ltd and the Central Statistical Off-
ice and there are discrepancies between the
three sources.. These discrepancies, however,
are not great enough to affect the trend.
Association with Great Britain.
status conferred internal self government on the island and gave to
the politicians a new found freedom in which they were no:longer re-
strained by the hand of the "Mother Country".
The then Premier, Mr Eric Gairy, exploited this situation in the
interests of his trade union, the Grenada Mental, Manual & Inter-
lectual Workers Union which represented the majority of workers in
the agricultural sector. He embarked on.a campaign of harass-
ment:of estate owners, using the power of the Government in indus-
trial relations and acquiring for the Government, without payment,
sc-veral estates. continued -
THE: GRBADA NEWSLETTER
. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
The loss of confidence this occasioned in the agricultural community
was reflected in diminished agricultural production-with a consequent~
falling off of export tonnage until, in 1973, the island was able to
export only 22.7 w .'r-H- 1'. 5El,
million pounds, a Banana ort-
dramatic fall of iioi
over 60% from the lbs
1368 record peak. 60--- 1 T
1970 to 1975 per- --
iod aggravated the V' 54 --
-ituation and the
Sw. point 'was rea-
.ied in 1974 when 50 .
Zivil disturbances --
.nd a breakdown of 48- --
l.w and order dis- V
46 -- *
.upted the island. -
In that year, the 4 4- 7.-H-
.gricultral .com- 4 -
munity could mus- '
ter only 19.5 i40 6
million pounds of --
-ananas for ex' i
,ort. 365- 1
A rehabilitation 341-,.
programme in the 1
Banana Industry in i -
1975 and 1976 re- 3 -
stored some, of the "
export tonnage, 2
the figure in the 26f-- + -- --
latter year --' :--- -- -
reaching 35 mill- .24 --- 2
ion pounds, but '
drought condit- .
ions in 1977 had 2- -- -- 1-
a a adverse effect. -
Export tonnage fell 1 61 1965 1970 1975 1980
in that year and :---:r
.-.gain in 1978 and 1979, and there was a heavy fall in 1980 when
a arricane "Allen" swept through the Windward Islands destroying 40%
: Grenada's banana crop.
..c;ing this period, the Banana Industry received a serious blow when
1Mco (or Bacterial Vascular Wilt disease) was identified in Grenada
-,y scientists of the Windward Islands Banada Association (WINBAN).
,r!eek Ending 7 8.82
TeE GRRNADA NEPSRTTER
Thi- disease,1 caused"by a strain of the bacteria Pseudomonas-Sol-
anacearum, originated in tropical America and its symptoms include
premature yellowing of leaves, withering of 'suckers', premature
ripening of several 'fingers' while the bunch is still on the plant,
and a black rot inside otherwise healthy looking fruit.
According to WINBAN, there is no chemical which can be applied to
affected plants to cure them. The disease is spread by insects,
bees and wasps, by the movement of planting material from one area to
another and by the transfer of the bacteria on cutlasses used for
Because of these factors, Moco is very difficult to control and
poses a serious threat to the Banana Industry as the Trinidad &
Tobago experience proves.
Moco appeared in Trinidad, in ep..demic proportions in 1890 and the
outbreak almost eliminated'the'" bluigoe", a member of 'the. banana
family which is an important item of Westindian diet. There was
a severe localised outbreak.in Trinidad's Rio Claro district in 1934
and, more recently, Moco devastated Trinidad's banana plantations in
the early 1960, forcing that island out of commercial production.
The total tonnage exported from Grenada-in 1981 shows a continuing
decline with a tonnage of 20.8 million pounds, the lowest in 20
years with the exception of 1974, and available figures for 1982
continue to show a drop in export tonnage.
During the first six months of 1982, total exports of bananas were
10,593,967 lbs and this figure is only 77.5% of the export weight
recorded for the same period in 1981. If the trend continues,
the .1982 figure for banana exports may be as low as 17 or 18 million
On the other hand, in spite of the fact that the weight of banana
exports is declining, Grenada's annual foreign currency earnings
from the Banana Industry has continued to rise since 1973 and only
in 1981 have those earnings showed a decline.
Until the mid 1970s, these earnings have been under EC$4 million
per annum and, as recently as 1971/1972, have been as low as EC$1.5
million. Since 1973, however, they have climbed steadily and hit
a peak of BC$10.6 million in 1980.
This phenomenal rise is attributed directly to the inflation which
has been affecting the world economy since the oil crisis of 1973
and which, until 1981, has resulted in higher foreign exchange
earnings each year although export tonnage has been on the decline.
For instance, when.export tonnage fell by 14.3% in 1980 from the
1979 figure of 30.9 million pounds, the average price per pound
received rose by 26%, so permitting foreign exchange earnings to be
Week Ending 7.8.82
THE GREN 4.. NEWSLETTER
8.5% higher in 1980 than in 1979, in spite of the,lower tonnage ex-
In 1981,.however, there was a fall in both tonnage exported and -:
foreign exchange earned, and 1982 shows the same.trend. For the
first six months of 1982, export earnings were C$4.4 million as com-
pared with EC$5.7 million earned in the same period in 1981, and the
respective weights shipped were 10.5 million pounds and 13.6 million
At these figures, the Banana Industry earned an average price of 41.9
EC cents in 1981 and that average price increased by only .03 EC
cents in 1982, an increase too small to offset the 21.3% fall in
sourcess close to the Banana Industry express the opinion that the
cost of imputs to the industry have been increasing steadily in pace
:Vith world inflation. These sources say that this trend has had,
>-id is likely to continue to have, an adverse effect on production,
and the future of Grenada's Banana Industry is uncertain.
ter Hughes Cynthia Hughes
7th August 1982
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia HugheS, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies
Week Ending 7.8.82