The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text


For The Week Ending July 24th 1982
10th Year of Publication - - - 273rd Issue
Volume 10 Number 11


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has agreed to pay the
Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC) for the shares in
Grenada Electricity Services (GES) which the PRG acquired from
CDC by legislation last year.

Following an announcement by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop that
the PRG had discovered a "plot" by CDC, Barclays Bank Internat-
ional and Esso Standard Oil Company against the PRG, the PRG
passed theGrenada Electricity Services (Share Transfer) Law on
May 24th 1981 which, "without payment of further compensation"
transferred 32,000 CDC shares in GES to the PRG.

Until that time, GES had been a joint venture of CDC and the PRG
with CDC holding the majority shareholding of 59.3%, but the new
law gave the PRG the majority shareholding of just over 50%, and
the Government assumed.control of the Company with appointment
of Mr Winston Bullen as Manager.

The preamble to the law said that EC$487,000 was owed by GES to
Esso for fuel and the Company had threatened to cut off the
supply. The preamble said further that CDC had "refused to
provide any financing" and GES had approached the PRG "to re-
solve its immediate indebtedness and provide other funds to
enable it to repair and recondition its machinery ....."

Government had resolved, the law said, "that the assumption of
such financial responsibility should be accompanied by a trans-
fer of shares in GES consistent with the change in levels of
continued -

~-~- c - .,

Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
PO Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies

Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82

Relations between the PRG and CDC had deteriorated since August 1980
when GES applied for an increase in the Government controlled rates
for the sale of electricity. The increase was refused and the FRG
appointed a Commission of Inquiry into GES, which Commission recommen-
ded, among other things, that there should be a "negotiated transfer
by CDC of a block of shares to the Government acting on behalf of the

Informed sources told-NEWSLETTER that, at a meeting with CDC in London
in June, representatives of the PRG agreed that CDC should be paid
235,000 sterling for its shares in GES. The sources said that at
that meeting were Mr Mario Bullen, Grenada's Ambassador to Brussels,
Sir Denis Henry, well known Grenadian lawyer now resident in Britain
and acting as Advisor to the PRG in certain connections, and
:L- Christopher Ram, Financial Consultant to the PRG.

The sources said payment to CDC is to be over 12 years with a 4 year
grace period but the rate of interest payable is not known.

Peoples Law 33/1982, passed on July 9th, says that, notwithstanding
anything in any law, the PRG approves and ratifies the- Agreement
made on 25th June 1982 between the PRG, CDC and GES, and all sums
:payable to CDC by the PRG under this Agreement shall be a charge on
the Consolidated Fund.


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop left on July 24th to visit Moscow at
the head of a high level delegation.

Announcement of this trip, which came from the State-owned Radio
Free Grenada (RFG), did not give the personnel of the delegation or
the duration of the visit.

RFG did say, however, that Mr Bishop would hold discussions with top
level Soviet officials including the General Secretary of the Comm-
unist Party, Mr Leonid I Brezhnev.

This is Mr Bishop's second trip within two months behind the "Iron
Curtain". Together with Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman and
Minister of Agriculture George Louison, he left Grenada on June 6th
returning on June 21st after having visited Bulgaria and the German
Democratic Republic.

That trip also took the Prime Minister to Lybia and Cuba.

*1 b:, 8q.

Week Ending 24.7.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3


President of the Grenada Chamber of Industry & Commerce, Mr Richard
Menezes, will lead a high level delegation from the private sector
to attend a meeting of the Federacion Latinamericano Del Caribe De
Asociacion De Exportadores (FALACEK) which takes place in Caracas,
Venezuela from 3rd to 6th August.

Mr Menezes told NEWSLETTER his Chamber has applied for membership o#
FALACEX and the application will be considered at the Caracas meet-

"It is important that the English-speaking countries of-the Carib-
bean should seek to become more involved in associations such as
Falacex", he said, "because this will provide wider.contacts and
will promote new trading links with our Caribbean and South Ameri-
can neighbours."

The FALACEX meeting comes in the wake of a meeting of the Mixed Com-
mission of the private sector in the Association of East Caribbean
States and the Associacion Venezolana De Exportadores (AVEX) which
took place in Grenada from 15th to 17th July.

The Commission is comprised of one AVEX representative and one rep-
resentative each from Grenada, St Vincent, St Lucia,-Dominica,
Antigua, Montserrat and St Kitts/Nevis', but delegations from AVEX
and from-the Chambers of Commerce & Industry of the.islands attend
meetings. At the meeting in Grenada, the AVEX delegation was 9
and was led by Dr Regulo Campo Martinez, AVEX President.

Mr Menezes disclosed to NEWSLETTER that AVEX has .established ware-
house facilities at Vieux.Fort in St Lucia to serve as.a consolid-
ation and transshipment point for two-way .trade.between-Venezuela
and the islands.. Starting in September, a 700 ton roll-on-roll-
off cargo ship will ply between Vieux Fort and La Guaira, and will
call at any of the islands with perishable cargo and other cargoes
large enough to make such a call feasible.

"This is an excellent arrangement", Mr Menezes said, "especially as
shipments from the islands will be small originally and the ware-
housing arrangements at Vieux Fort-will make it possible to consol-
idate cargo into economic size shipments. This arrangement will
open the Venezuelan market to us for, among other things, fresh
fruit, vegetables and garments."

The Chamber President said the meeting also discussed joint ven-
tures and plans are well advanced for establishment of.a factory
in Montserrat to produce electric transformer housings, industrial
pans, beer barrels, fire extinguishers and domestic pots and, pans.

Investment in this factory is estimated at US$1.4 million, and, in
its first year, it will provide employment for 60 people. In its
continued -

Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82

second year, 90 persons will be employed.

The Mixed Commission was established at a meeting in Caracas on 31st
August 1981 and, prior to the Grenada meeting, there was one other
meeting which took place in Montserrat in October 1981. Dr Regulo
Campo Martinez is Chairman of the commission.


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has urged Grenadats mass organizations,
trade unions and the private sector to play integral roles in a
national drive against unemployment.

The call came as Mr Bishop delivered the feature address on June 28th
at a National Conference bon Unemploymrent, and he said the main concern
of the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) is,to create jobs in.
productive sectors such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries, manufac-
turing and agro industries.

There are over 7000 acres of idle, underutilised land in the island,
the Prime Minister said, and cultivation.f -this land will create
3500 new jobs in the agricultural sector, that is, one job for every
2 acres.

"All in all", Mr Bishop-said, !the rise in production caused by,,the
new jobs we' Create by putting-more land under cultivation will take.
us towards a one-job-per-acre situation and, in the case of bananas,
one and a half jobs per acre."

The Prime Minister said that if consideration is given to further
jcbs created in all sectors as a result of production from the newly
cultivated lands,. then the 7000- acres which now .lie idle will create
over 7000 new jobs.

Mr Bishop asked participants at the Conference to remember that "work
is the mother of production, production produces work".

The Conference-divided into workshops out of which came recommendat:-
ions including calls for more cooperatives in the sectors of fishing,
livestock management and agriculture.

--- . . . ..... .


The pattern of industrialisation which has been implemented in Gre-
nada has not been geared towards reducing unemployment.

This opinion Was 'expresSed on July 3rd by Minister of Industrial
Development and Fisheries Kendrick Radix as he addressed a
-continued -

Week Ending, 24.7.82 THE GRNADA NEWSLETTER Page 5

Conference on Unemployment & Economic Growth which was sponsored
jointly by the Grenada Chamber of Industry & Commerce and the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG).

"If we examine our history closely'-, he said, "we can recall that
local industry was actively discouraged by our British colonial
masters in the-30s and 40s. Such a policy was imposed conscious-
ly by the British to ensure that the markets for their exports of
shoes, medicines and other industrial goods remained intact.t

Mr Radix said that, in some instances,-by legislative action .of the
British Parliament, colonies were not permitted to develop any
industry, and this guaranteed the British regular supplies of raw
materials and outlets for their industrial products.

The position was that Grenada exported primary .products to Britain,
Mr Radix said, and reimported the same at "extravagant prices" over
which the island had no control.

"This particular relationship had two inevitable consequences", he
said. "Firstly, we did not determine the prices of our exports
nor could we affect our other important import prices. These
were both fixed in the metropolitan market and we had simply to
accept them, and the reality was, and still is to a great extent,
that the prices we received for our exports kept falling and fall-
ing and falling."

Examination of the industrial development by the industrialized
countries shows that development of science and technology contri-
buted to the rapid multiplication of output which enabled them to
dominate and control the economies of the world, he said.

"The Peoples Revolutionary Government has stated on many occasions
that Grenada needs to become independent, not with a flag. and a
song merely", the Minister said, "but economically independent and

This transformation process involves, critically, industrialising
Grenada's economy, having a progressive spread of industrial tech-
niques in all sectors, and industrialisation has to be comparable
with the island's agriculture and tourism, he said, and this means
processing the agricultural products in-Grenada itself, using those
products within the economy.and also exporting them.

"The days of the cutlass and quite properly belong
to the last century", Mr Radix said, "the days of the tractor, of
pesticides, of other scientific agronomical techniques must be
applied, and applied quickly, if we are to meet the real needs of
the entire people of our country."

- continued -

Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82

The Minister said the private sector has a critical role to play in
helping to tap "the enormously underexploited potential in agricul-
ture as well as other sectors" in Grenadars economy.
.*. -*.'. .. r. .


The Conference on Unemployment & Economic Growth, jointly sponsored by
the Grenada Chamber of Industry &-Commerce and the Peoples.Revolution-
ary Government (PRG), which was opened at the National Convention
Centre on July 3rd, and which was intended to last one day, .as ex .
tended for another day.

Sources close to the Conference told NEWSLETTER that a single day was
found to be insufficient, discussions going on until nightfall, and
it was decided to continue the Conference on July 10th.---

President of the Chamber, Mr Richard Menezes, told NEWSLETTER there is
accord between the private sector and the-"political directorate" of
the PRG on the basic approach necessary to expand the economy and find
solutions to the problem of unemployment.

"Where there is a wide gulf is between the private sector and the
technocrats who have to implement the strategies of the Government",
he said. "By and large, these people are theoreticians and the time
has come for them to get out from behind their desks and join the
private sector in making a determined effort to create better rapport
between the private and public sectors."

Addressing the opening session of the Conference, Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop said the excuse of "lack of confidence in the Govern-
ml:t" has been given for inertia in the private sector in moving
from the traditional import trade to industrialisation, but he
thought this excuse is invalid.

"Clearly", he said, "the objective reality .... shows very clearly
that never before in the history of this country has the private ,
sector ever had such opportunities for development, for expansion,
for moving into new areas, for touching and tapping the new frontier
that has been opened up on the economic side."

Asked for his reaction to this, Chamber President Menezes told-
NEWSLETTER that, originally there ,had been a. definite'loss of con-
fidence in the PRG caused, mainly, by statements made by members
of the Government, but there are now indications of change.

"R'ecent statements, especially by the Prime Minister", he said,.
have been encouraging and have gone a long way towards restoring
Confidence. There are signs in the private sector that there
is a willingness to give it a try."
continued -

nWk Ending 24 7.82 THE PSA..NRgI rTTPage 7

The Prime Minister-said also that the opportunity now exists for the
private sector to participate meaningfully in Grenada's industrial-
isation. The island has to move away from a "crumbs mentality",
the importation of goods for sale, to an "icing-on-the-cake mertal-
ity, that is, industrialisation, he said.

"As Government, we are determined to solve unemployment Mr Bishop
said, "as Government, we are determined to break the back of the
Biblical economy we have inherited, and the truth of the matter-is,
modernisation, professionalism, industrialisation, an end to unem-
ployment will come to our country, one way or the other, we are
going to make sure of that."
.4.- I.-. --.^ .^ 'S -
:..'. 0M:.. ., *..;-.


The ruling New Jewel Movement (NJM) of Prime Minister Maurice Bis-
hop has issued a release condemning statements made by freelance
journalist, and NEWSLETTERts Editor Mr Alister Hughes when he add-
ressed the Annual Convention of the Dominica Freedom Party (DFP)
in Dominica on July 11th.

"The NJM totally condemns Alister Hughes, adherent of
objective journalism, for his-unpatriotic and scandalous behavior
at the recently concluded convention-of the ruling Freedom Party of
Dominica", the release said. "Hughes has, once again, exposed
himself :as one of the biggest liars in the Caribbean."

In his address, Mr Hughes expressed his ."absolute antagonism" to
the idea of a counter revolution to topple the Peoples-Revolution-
ary Government. (PRG) of Grenada.... The PRG leadership had been
changed vastly by the violence-they had used to overthrow the Gairy
regime, he said, another revolution would be "a disaster" and might,
quite probably, make matters worse.

"Should any new Government come to power by the same means",
Mr Hughes charged, "the .leaders will, undoubtedly., be subject to
the same disastrous changes .in their outlook and policies because
they, too, will have absolute power and it is an undisputed fact
that absolute power corrupts absolutely."

The journalist said the solution to the Grenada situation lies in
the Church which he accused of being content, by and large, to
make efforts behind the scenes in the cause of the welfare and re-
lease of the political prisoners held in detention without charges
by the PRG.

"Whatever the consequences, much more than this is needed", he
said. "The Church must use its undoubted power to mould public
opinion. The Grenada Government is very sensitive to public
continued -

Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82

opinion and, if the Church is bold in standing up publicly for justice
and fair play for ail, many of the Government's policies can be influ-
enced favourably."1

The NJM release did not specify the lie or lies it charged Mr Hughes
with telling, but it alleged that the Dominica Government of Miss
Eugenia Charles has murdered 13 Dominican youth in 12 months and it
charged that Mr Hughes had had nothing to say about this. It said
l1so that the Charles regime had wrecked the Dominica economy, thus
creating hardships for the Dominican people, and Mr Hughes pretends
not to be aware of this.

"Grenadians must also take note that Alister Hughes has also used the
political platform of the Freedom Party to call upon the Church to
-oin him-in his counter-revolutionary activities against the free
people of our country", the release said.

NJM reiterated its firm commitment to continue to build "a new and
just society on behalf of the patriotic people of Grenada", and it
said that anyone who wishes to stand in the path of freedom of the
Grenadian people "will face the full weight of the revolution."


Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman has described the Israeli invasion
f Lebanon as "animalism" and "bestiality" and, in an interview on
Radio Free Grenada on July 21st, expressed shock that there have been
no protests from the region against Israel's "genocide".

"We in Grenada are shocked by the silence of the region in the light
o. the genocide being carried out on the people of Palestine and
Lebanon", he said. "The silence is deafening."

iMr Whiteman said the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) is sur-
prised at the "double-standards" and "hypocrisy" of "certain elements
of the region Who have a tradition of speaking out", and the PRG
finds it strange that they are allowing the opportunity to pass with-
out'condemning Israel's "genocide".
... .- a,, ^ l -
;'- Q ... " ; ,


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has repeated its call for
world peace and'an end to the arms race.

Addressing the Special Session of the United Nations on Disarmament
cn July 28th, Foreign Minister Unison Whitemen said the present
.world situation is characterized by wars, confrontations, tension,
economic crisis, dissatisfaction with the world's economic order and
continued -

Week Ending 24.7.82

an enormous build up of arms.

Mr Whiteman called for a recommencement of what ie termed "the noble
search for peace", and said that, in the Caribbean and Latin America,
which have been dominated by colonialism and imperialism for centur-
ies, a heroic struggle is now taking place against such systems.

Mr Whiteman expressed Grenada's solidarity with the people of Leb-
anon and Palestine and said the Israeli military machine is "pul-
verising Lebanon."

"The Zionist butchers are slaughtering thousands of men, womer and
children with the connivence and support of their imperialist spon-
sors", he said.

The Foreign Minister said he was forced to many more Arab
and Palestine villages must be razed to the ground before Zionist
Israel is stopped, how many more innocent children must perish be-
fore Israel is punished for its "mindless savagery" and how many
more cultures must be bulldozed before action'is taken in defence-ot
the persecuted.

"Mr President", he said, "the Grenada delegation believes we must
act now. History warns us that the appetite of fascists, expan-
sionists and annexationists cannot be sated. Only resolute and
decisive action can curb their voracious appetite."


A petition to Prime Minister Maurice Bishop from the St Johns
Parish Roman Catholic Community on behalf of Mr Lloyd Noel, a
political prisoner held by the Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG), has been rejected and the Roman Catholic Parish Priest of
St Johns has been accused of counter-revolutionary activity.

Mr Noel, a barrister, was involved in the publication of the
independent newspaper, "The Grenadian Voice" which, by the passage
of retroactive legislation, was banned by the PRG in June 1981.

The petition to Mr Bishop, dated 5th May last, said :-
"We, members of St Johns Catholic Community, wish to
express deep concern to you about the President of
our Church Council, Mr Lloyd Noel. Mr Noel was
detained by the Security Forces on Saturday llth
July 1981. Charges have not been brought against
him. His wife, his children and his mother continue
to suffer greatlyby his -absence. At this stage,
they are also concerned abcit his health."

- continued -

Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82

The petition itemised some of the social work which is being done in
the Parish to show the Prime Minister, it said, that the Roman
Catholic Community is "totally committed to a better Grenada", and it
said that the Church Community has "consistently supported your
Government's strenuous efforts to build a better way of life for all

'W-- are deeply indebted to Mr Noel for his continuous .hard work on
,.ur behalf since he was first elected President of our Council in
1974", the petition said, "so we are requesting you tohave his case
reviewed and, if charges are not sustained against him, to have him

On Sunday May 16th, the petition was read in the St Johns Parish
Church at Gouyave by Roman Catholic Parish Priest OliverLeavy, and,
un-ler the headline, "Crush Counter Revolution Ugly Head", a pamphlet
condemning the petition appeared in the streets of Gouyave, St Johns.

"This is a boldfacedd and fresh attempt by counters to start .a new
round of unrest and confusion in our country", the pamphlet said.
The counters feel that the Revolution-is going too smooth, that too
much benefits are coming to the poor and working people, that-house
repair, better health care and free education not good enough for us.
They feel that workat the airport moving too well. The revolution
is doing too much for the people so they are unhappy.

The pamphlet said it is hypocritical of the sponsors of the petition
to say they are not against the revolution but only wanted Mr Noel

"But all of us know Leavy has been spreading pamphlets in the schools,
writing letters all over the world against our Revolution. Spreading
rumours all over the place against the PRG", the pamphlet said, "he
cannot fool us."

"Lloyd (Noel) is a COUNTER and got what he looked for", the pamphlet
continued, "all those who join him will pay the price All
Catholic people, all church people must not allow the Church to be
used for counter revolutionary activities. The Church is not
for that. Catholics must get their church-to discipline Leavy.
No priest must hide behind the church for dirty work and get away.
Once more the roller must come down t Manners for the counters"w'


The Peoples Revolutionary Government.(PRG) has arranged to borrow
750,000 sterling to assist in financing the down-payment portion
of the 6.6 million sterling contract signed on 6th May last between
the PRG and Plessey Airports Ltd for the supply of goods and
continued -

Week Ending 24.7.82

services for the international airport now being constructed at
Point Saline on the southernmost peninsular of the island.

Peoples Law 32/1982, dated and gazettedd on 2nd July, indicates that
this loan will come from the Bank of Nova Scotia Group and the Nat-
ional Westminister Bank Group, that the sum will-be drawn by De-
cember 31st next and that it must be repaid not later than 30th
June 1989.

Setting out the terms of the loan, the law.says, under "Interest
Rate &.Margin", "2% per annum over 3 or 6 months EUROSTLG Inter
Bank Offer Rate calculated at the'arithmetic average at which.
matching deposits are offered to the lending banks, payable quarter-
ly" .

Another charge is a "Commitment Fee' of "three-eights percent per
annum on undrawn amount of loan facility from the date of acceptance
to the en- of the drawdown period, payable on signing the Loan
Agreement and thereafter and quarterly in arrears and on the draw-
down date."

Other charges are a "Front End Fee" of 2% flat and an "Agency Fee"
of US$750 per annum.

Informed sources said the Plessey contract covers the bulk of the
equipment required for the airport and includes items from "felt
pens to control tower radar".


The Peoples Revolutionary Government has enacted Peoples Law
31/1982, passed on July 1st and gazetted the next day, to author-
ise the raising of an interest-free loan of US$4 million from the
Government of Libya.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop announced this loan on his return in
June from a visit to the German Democratic Republic, Bulgaria and
Libya, but he did not say what the loan would be used for.

The law now passed details,US$1 million each for
completion of the international airport, to build up the assets of
the National Commercial Bank and for budgetary support. TIre
fourth million is to be divided equally between the cost of con'-
struction of a television transmitter and miscellaneous purposes.

The loan is to be repaid in 5 equal yearly installments following
a grace period of 3 years.



Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82


The Peoples Revolutionary Government is to borrow from the Internat-
ional Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) some EC$4.5 million
dollars t6 be used for development of the island's Fishing industry.

An Agreement with IFAD, signed on 14th October 1981 (and attached to
Peoples Law 34/1982 passed on July 14th 1982 and gazetted the next
day), states that the loan is to be used for the upgrading and ex-
pansion of 6 existing fishing centres, construction of 2 new centres
and construction of 2 fish collection sheds.

The loan will also cover provision of ice and fishing gear for fish-
ermen, marketing and distribution of fish and the purchase of 5
vehicles. Also to be covered is the cost of expertise in the
i.elds of fisheries management, fishing techniques, marketing and
cooperative organisation, and refrigeration.

The sum of about EC$2 million is to be set aside from the. 1oar-t be
operated through the National Commercial-Bank of Grenada for the:
granting of credit to fishermen, fish vendors and boat builders.

IFAD is the banking arm of the United Nations Food'& Agriculture
Organisation and the loan, expressed in the Agreement as 1.4 million
"Special Drawing Rights", (one Special Drawing Right equals approx-
imately EC$3.25) is subject to interest at 4% per annum. Repayment
of the loan begins in 1987 and must be completed by the year 2001.

Aiso in connection with this project, the PRG has borrowed US$725,400
from the Venezuelan Government to pay for technical assistance.
This loan is repayable over 40 years at 2% interest per annum and
with a grace period of 5 years..


Construction work has started on the low income housing scheme
which comprises 300 units on 16 acres of land in the Grand Anse
area south of St Georges.

Reporting this on July 8th, the State-owned Radio- Free Grenada
(RFG) said lands have also been identified for a similar project
in the Telescope area lying between the island's second town of
Grenville on the east coast and near-by Pearls airport.

Last November, announcing establishment -of the National Housing
Authority (NHA), Minister of Housing Norris Bain said that
Authority would operate with funds made available through 3 local
Panks and a Special Fund provided by the Organisation of Petro-
leum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
continued -

Week Ending 24 .7.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13

Mr Bain did not name the Banks but, in December 1979, announcing the
intention of the:Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) to establish
NHA, Finance Minister Bernard Coard said the PRG had obtained loans
of .C$1.5 million each from Barclays Bank International, the Royal
Bank of Canada and the Bank of Nova Scotia for low income housing.
In addition, Mr Coard said, a quarter of a million EC dollars had
been obtained from OPEC.

"The money has been loaned from the Banks at 67 over 20 years",
Mr Coard said at the time, "and there is a 3 year grace period for
commencement of repayments".

NHA General Manager Mr Andrew "Andy" Mitchell told RFG on July 8th
that a number of factors have to be taken into account before the
Telescope project can be undertaken. One of these is finance,
he said, and another is availability of employment in the area.

The first consideration of NHA is to build houses in areas where
there is employment, Mr Mitchell said, and contrasting the Teles-
cope area with the west coast where there is little employment out-
side of agriculture and fishing, he said the proximity of Grenville
town to Telescope made employment available there, and it is like-
ly that the next scheme will be implemented in that area.

In his announcement last November,.Minister Bain said the first
phase of the Grand Anse scheme will be construction of 18 houses
and the Telescope scheme will cover 14 houses.

.Mr Bain also disclosed that the housing schemes will be implemented
with aid of a pre-fabricated concrete plant donated by Cuba, and
that assistance for the island's long term housing needs was .being
negotiated with Mexico, Surinam and Venezuela.


Mr Christopher DeRiggs has been. appointed Grenada's Minister of
Health and Mr Lyden Ramdhanny has been made the island's Deputy
Minister of Finance. Both appointments have effect from June
23rd according to notices appearing in the Government Gazette of
June 25th.

The Health Portfolio was held formerly by Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop who took this responsibility from Mr Norris Bain in a Cabin-
et reshuffle in July of last year, leaving Mr Bain to handle Hous-
ing. In October 1981, Mr DeRiggs was appointed Deputy Minister
of Health.

Mr Ramdhanny has beon performing the duties of Deputy to Mr Ber-
nard Coard, Ministe4 of Finance, and informed sources said the
notice in the Gazette merely regularises what has been in effect
for some time. Sf

Page 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82


Grenada's Ambassadors were in the island early in July for the annual
Heads of Mission meeting.

Present were Mr Caldwell Taylor and Miss Dessima Williams, Ambassadors
to the United Nations and the Organisation of American States respect-

Also present were Mr Mario Bullen, Ambassador to the European Eco-
nomic Community, Mr Matthew Williams, Ambassador to Venezuela,
Mr Osbert Benjamin, Ambassador to Iraq, Mr Jimmy Emmanual, High
C%.mmmissioner to Canada and Mr Fennis Augustine, High Commissioner to

.;e Head of Grenada's newest Mission, Mr Richard Jacobs, Ambassador
to the Soviet Union was also present as was Mr James Clarkson,
Charge d'Affaires in Cuba.
L.'i', _. '" ",."


The British High Commission Representative in Grenada, Mr Robert
Whillock, announced in .Grenada on -June 30th that the non-resident.
British High Commissioner to Grenada, Mr James Stanley Arthur, will
retire shortly and is to be replaced by Viscount John William

>Mr Arthur, who has held the post since April 1978 and is resident in
Barbados, is expected to hand over the High Commission to Viscount
Dunrossil sometime towards the end of July or early August.

Viscount Dunrossil,56, served 4 years with the Royal Air Force from
1945 to 1948 and has been British High Commissioner to Fiji since
1978. He comes from that post to be High Commissioner to Barbados
and non-resident High Commissioner to.Grenada, St Vincent, St Lucia,
Dominica and Antigua. He will serve also as British Government
Representative to the Associated State of St Kitts/Nevis.


Mr Colville McBarnette has been promoted from the post of Deputy
Secretary for Information to that of Secretary for Information
according to a notice in the Government Gazette of July 2nd.

The same publication carried a notice that Mr George Prime has
,ian promoted from the posf of Deputy Secretary for Carriacou
affairss to that of Secretary for Carriacou Affairs.

- continued -

Week Ending-24.7.82 5THE _REM NEWSLETTER .. Pa

The post of "Secretary" in the Peoples Revolutionary Government is
equivalent to that of a Junior Minister, and these appointments take
effect from July 1st.


Fourteen workers drawn from Grenadian .Hotels have completed a
"Tourist Orientation" seminar sponsored-and organized by the
Venezuelan Government.

The seminar was under the direction of Mr Daniel Belisario of
INCATUR, the Venezuelan Government's Tourism Institute, and it was
conducted at the Spice Island Inn from June 21st to 28th.

This is the second contribution of the Venezuelan Government in
recent times towards Grenada!s Tourist Industry, the first being
a 7-week International Cooking Course which was conducted at a cost
of US$15,000 at the Horse Shoe Bay Hotel for 18 employees of the
island's hotels.

Informed sources said the cost of the Tourist Orientation seminar
at Spice Island Inn was US$3,000.


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) .has allocated an add-
itional EC$200,000 for funding construction of more bridges, roads
and other activities coordinated by the Social Projects Division of
the Ministry of Construction & Public Utilities.

Reporting this on July 8th, Radio Free Grenada said some one-third
of the island's villages will benefit from this allocation., and the
station reported Minister of Finance Bernard.Coard as saying these
extra funds will expand the budget of the Social Projects Unit so
that it can supply the necessary material requested by the various


Barbados resident Canadian High Commissioner to Grenada, Mr Allan
Roger, on July 14th officially. handed over to the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG;) a floating jetty at Harvey Vale in the
sister island of Carriacou.

Constructed of some 600 plastic' cubes 'at a .cost. of EC$100,00., the
jetty can support a small vehicle and is expected to last between
continued -

Page 1.6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 24.7.82

15 and 20 years.

The jetty is attached to a small concrete jetty which was constructed
by the PRG at a cost of EC$50,000.


Mr Humphrey Walcott, International Labour Organisation (ILO)-Regional
Advisor on Social Security, arrived in Grenada on July 20th for a 3-
day visit.

purposee of Mr Walcott's visit was to give technical advice to the
nationall Insurance Committee relative to the National Insurance
-chneme expected to be implemented with effect from 1st January 1983.


Grenada's electricity services are to be boosted in three stages
by a loan, under very favourable conditions,.of up to EC$8.7
million from the European Investment Bank (EIB).

First stage will be an increase in power station generating
capacity of 2.5 megawatts (MW), and this will be followed by an
upgrading of the distribution system. The third stage will be
implementation of a scheme to harness the island's hydro electric

On the basis of these plans, a hydro power expert from the French
5rT( International, Mr Robert Levy, conducted an island-wide. sur-
vey last year and reported that, from 10 sites examined, it was
estimated that an average of 4.1 MW could be generated and these
sites could satisfy a peak load of 10 MW The island's present
requirements were estimated at 6 MW.

Informed sources told NEWSLETTER that it is expected that con-
sultants are soon to be appointed to conduct a feasibility study
on 3 main sites in the hydro electric plan.

The statutory Grenada Cocoa Association has received a gift of
954 tons of fertilizer from the Canadian International Develop-
mnirnt Agency (CIDA).

According to Radio Free Grenada, proceeds from the sale of this
fertilizer are to be utilised in the Cocoa Rehabilitation Pro-
continued -

Week Ending 24.7.82 TH GRENADA .NBWSLETTER. ".: Page 17

ject funded by the Canadian Government .-. "

That 8-year project, which was started in January last and which is
covered by an Agreement signed by the Grenadian and Canadian Govern-
ments last August, involves the replanting of 10,000 acres of low
yielding cocoa fields, and will cost EC$20 million.

The project also includes provision for research on pest control and
fertilizer interaction.


The Peoples' Revolutionary Government (PRG) has bought and paid for
an asphalt plant which is to be supplied by the Italian Government
and which is expected to be in operation by September, Radio Free
Grenada reported on July 7th.

Minister of Construction.and General of the Peoples Revolutionary
Army, Hudson Austin, disclosed this as he addressed a workers's
Parish Council meeting early in July, and General Austin said this
plant is expected to reduce road construction costs significantly.

General Austin said considerable road work is now in progress but
the pace is still unsatisfactory and one of the main problems is the
acquiring of asphalt.

The Minister did not give the cost of- the asphalt plant, but said
the PRG has spent over EC$5 million on road construction equipment.
"I: .. -- '^r % *


A 9-man Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) Project Identification
Mission arrived in Grenada on July 5th to study projects in the
agricultural, agro-industry, tourism and infrastructure sectors
with a view to providing CDB funding over the next 3 years.

Specific projects for attention are banana rehabilitation, Moco
banana disease eradication, food crop promotion, research into nut-
meg diseases, a livestock breeding station, irrigation and land
clearance on cooperative farms, construction of a micro-biological
laboratory, forestry infrastructure development and feeder roads..

The mission took the opportunity to also review projects in primary
schools, roads, health centres, water, sheep farming,. port. develop-
ment, cocoa.fermentaries and nutmeg. oil distillation already being
CDB funded.

The mission flew back to Barbados on July 8th.

Pg-.e 18 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Reading 24.7.82


A Canadian Minister, of Religion, Roy Jordison, 70, who has been work-
ing with the Methodist Church in Grenada for some 4 years, was
murdered on the night of 23rd/24th July at his home on the outskirts
of Grenville, the island's second town located on the east coast.

At press time, details of the incident were still scanty but it is
-reported that he was'.strangled and that the Methodist Manse where he
lived was ransacked.

Reverend Jordison came to Grenada following his retirement from the
United Church of Canada (comprising the Presbyterian Church, Method-
ists, Congregationalists aid.. the Evangilical United Bretheren)
which he served in Trinidad as a Minister during the mid 1950s and
-arly 1960s.

Informed sources said the dead man has..a son,.Paul, in Vancouva,
Canada, a sister living near Toronto and a daughter also resident
in Canada.,

A Police Officer at the Grenville Police Station said no details -of
the crime were available. A Police detail had been sent to the
Methodist Manse to investigate and had not yet returned.


Granada's domestic exports showed a decline of 16% in the first
quarter of 1982 as compared with the same period last year.

Government's Central Statistical Office (CSO)' reports that non-
traditional exports continued to show a strong upward trend, account-
ing for 12% of total domestic exports during that quarter, but cocoa
exports were down 30.6%, nutmeg by 38.5% and bananas by 17.8%.

CSO reports that, in that quarter, imports showed a moderate 1.6%
increase over the same quarter in 1981 and Government revenue
showed an increase of 6.4%.

"Private remittances and other private transfers showed a 127.4%
increase over the same period in 1981", CSO reports, "mainly due
to high:unseasonal flow of other private remittances."

Comparing March 1982 and March 1981, CSO says the retail price
index increased by 7.7% and the index of retail sales by 22.4%.

Arrivals of stay over visitors were down by 17.2% in the first
quarter of 1982 as compared with that quarter in 1981 and cruise
.ships declined by 25.9%. .... .'
V~.^ r



Government revenue increased by 16.3% during-the first four months
of 1982 as compared with the.same period last year. During the
same period, private remittances to the island went up by 94.5% and
the index of retail prices increased by 7.4 percent.

These figures were released by Government's Central Statistical
Office (CSO) which disclosed also that, in the period under review,
domestic exports declined by 18.2% as compared with the same period
last year.

Cocoa exports in the January to April 1982 period were BC$7.5 mill-
ion, 8.8% down from the January to April 1981 figure of EC$8.2
million. Bananas declined from EC$3.9 million in 1981 to EC$2.5
million, a decrease of 35.4% and nutmegs were down by 62% from
EC$3.9 million to EC$1.3 million. CSO reported that there had
been no exports of nutmegs in April.

"The increase in imports continues to be very small", CSO reports,
1nimports in this period increased by only 0.01% as compared to
January to April 1981."

The CSO report said that, in the field of Tourism, stay-over visit-
ors and cruise ship calls "continue their downward trend."
Statistics relative to the former show a fall of 18% while the
latter is down by 26%, both figures being based on a comparison of
the January to April figures in 1981 and 1982.


Two Windward Island Banana Association (WINBAN).scientists.,
Mr J H L Messing and Dr Errol D Reid, recently submitted their main
findings with respect to a study of plant nutrition funded by the
Caribbean Development Bank and carried out in the four Windward
Islanda, Grenada, St Vincent, St Lucia and Dominica.

Summarizing the date into nutrient level classes, the findings note
a need for increased use of nitrogen in all the islands. The
situation in St Lucia in this connection is considered critical
followed by Grenada, Dominica and St Vincent in that order.'

The need was discovered for use, in all the islands, of a fertilizer
containing 875 phosphorus and soil content of potassium needed to be
improved in Grenada and St Lucia and, to a lesser extent, iri Dom-
inica and St Vincent.

The scientists report that a large proportion.of the soils in all
four islands have a low pH (acidity/alkalinity) relative to what is
considered preferable for growing bananas. The range is from
continued -

Week Ending 24.7.82

Page 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER w-ok Ending 24.7.82

25% in St Vincent through 37% in Grenada to 65% in both Dominica and
St Lucia.


As part of the Banana/Plantain Cropping Systems.. Project funded by
.international Development Research Centre of Canada, the Windward
Islands Banana Association (WINSAN.) has carried out research on
plantains which has identified 4 distinct varieties viz "Dwarf",
'*ominique", "Horn" and "Ordinary".

Dwarf is the shortest and Dominique the tallest. Dominique takes
a longer time both for shooting and up to harvesting, but it produces
a heavier bunch than the other varieties. However, it is very
susceptible to toppling, even at low wind speeds and has a poor rate
of ratoon development.

Dwarf can be grown at higher densities because of its short stature
thereby improving efficiency of production but, taking the factors of
yield, production cycle and ratoon development into consideration,
the variety Ordinary showed a greater promise for commercial cultivat-

The effect of intercropping on the performance of these varieties, the
stage of bunch development most suitable for harvesting and the mode
.f packing for export are now being investigated by WINBAN.

Performance of Plantains
*. Character Plantain Variety
-1 .. ., Dwarf Dominique Horn Ordinary
[ (Marketable Yield 8.45 27.36 8.78 14.73
U[ (Tons per acre) 4
[]Efficiency of Production 51 118 55 90
S(Ibs per acre per day)
SDays to Shooting. 256 385 266 261
IDays to Harvest. 368 316 367 354
UPlant Height at Shooting 78 13.1 10.5 10.8
*. (feet)

,..- .. --

er Hughes Cynthia Hughes

24th July 1982

Printed & Published by .the Proprietors
Alister. &Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies

Full Text