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FOUNDED 17TH AUGUST 1973
For The Week Ending June 26th 1982
10th Year of Publication - - 272nd Issue
Volume 10 Number 10
BISHOP IN BULGARIA
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.and a high level delegation from
Grenada participated in Sofia, Bulgaria in the 10Qth anniver-
sary celebrations of the birth of Georgi Dimitrov; Bulgaria's
first Prime Minister after that country became a Communist state
Radio Free Grenada (RFG) reported on June 16th that, at a con-
ference on the life and writings of Dimitrov, at which over 150
foreign delegates were present, the Grenada delegation present-
ed, on June 15th, a paper on "The Politics of Alliances and the
Experience of the New Jewel Movement since its foundation."
Mr Bishop left Grenada on June 6th and, after a short stop in
Cuba, flew to the German Democratic Republic (GDR) accompanied
by Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman and Minister of Agriculture
George Louison and their advisors.
Following the signing of an Agreement of friendship, cooperat-
ion, technical assistance and trade with the GDR, the delegat-
ion flew to Sofia, Bulgaria, on June 14th, and RFG reported
that Mr Bishop and Mr Whiteman had discussions with Mr Todor
Zhivkov, First Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party.
RFG reported also that Mr Whiteman, on behalf of the Peoples
Revolutionary Government, signed, with the Government of Bul-
garia, an official protocol aimed at strengthening relations
between Grenada and Bulgaria. The protocol covers develop-
ment of new types of production facilities in Grenada and
establishment of a joint commission to review economic, scien-
tific and technical cooperation. continued -
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies
I .~ ~_ "
f ee 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 26.6.72
During the discussions proceeding the signing of the protocol, RFG said,
the Grenada delegation advanced new proposals which the Bulgarian
Government has undertaken to study. These proposals include cooper-
ation in the production and marketing of bananas, long term contracts
for the delivery of nutmegs, construction of an irrigation system in
Grenada, assistance in organising an agricultural institute, the repair
and equipping of primary schools and joint ventures in tourism.
According to RFG, Bulgaria andGrenada also agreed that measures should
be taken to expedite implementation of an ice making plant in Grenada
and that there should be an exchange of expertise and the development
of multilateral cooperation.
Mr Bishop and the delegation, with the'exception of Mr .Whiteman,
returned to Grenada on June 21st after having paid an official visit to
Libya. .;-nformed sources'said the Minister of Foreign Affairs!,had
,ane to. New .York wher .he was scheduled to:address the special session
cf the United Nations on disarmament on June 23rd,.
PM DISCLOSES GAINS FROM TRIP
The Government of Lybia is to lend US$4 million to-the.Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government. This loan is to be interest: free and will be
r :pid over 8 years.
Prime Minister Maurice'Bishop disclosed this on June 21st as5 he add-
re-sed a "Heroes Day" rally at Queens Park and as he reported on a
trip he had concluded (on that day) to the German Democratic Repub-
lic (GDR), Bulgaria and Libya.
In addition to the Libyan loan, Mr Bishop said, that Government is to
make a gift to the International Airport Project now under way at
Point Saline. Over the next 6 months, he said, the Libyan Govern-
ment will sand Grenada 300 tons of steel,, 20,000 tons of cement and
8,000 barrels of oil.
"More importantly", he continued, "apart from all these millions of
dollars ...... the Libyans have agreed to establish a joint venture
Company with our Government which will make investments in fields
like agriculture, tourism and fisheries."
Detailing the success of his visit to the GDR, Mr'Bishop said that
country is giving Grenada a line of credit worth US$6 -million. That
loan will be at 32% interest and will cover new telephone' equipment,
ship-to-shore communications, a small cocoa processing plant, agric-
ultural equipment and vehicles.
Further assistance given by the GDR, the Prime Minister said, is that
that country has agreed to pay the cost of the freight to Grenada and
the marine insurance on the equipment covered by the line of credit.
Week Ending 26.6.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
The cost of this freight and insurance, he said, will be between
2 and 3 million dollars.
"From this trip it is clear that, on the material side, we have made
some benefits", he said, OWe have obtained some more loans and
lines of credit, we have obtained the opportunity and the potential
now for further developing an industrial base and, through the ice
plant (from Bulgaria), the telephone system and the vehicles, we
are getting a further chance of developing the infrastructure in
our country,in order to ensure that we achieve economic take-off in
the near future."
On his way to Europe, Mr Bishop stopped in Cuba for discussions
with Dr Fidel Castro, and he reported to the rally that Dr Castro
has promised to make a gift to Grenada of 40 tractors for use in
developing the island's agriculture.
The Prime Minister said his visit to the GDR, Bulgaria and Libya
had been successful, not only in material terms, but also in
"moral and educational" terms.
"Every single one of the objectives we had set ourselves before we
left on this trip has been reached and fulfilled in a complete way",
he said, "and we are very happy with the results of this trip.n
BISHOP: SOCIALIST TIES STRATEGIC
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told a "Heroes Day" rally here on
June 21st that the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) sees the
development of relations with the Socialist world as being very
important and strategic as a matter of principle for Grenada,
"We believe this is so", he said, "because as a non-aligned coun-
try attempting to build socialism in our country, developing
relations with the Socialist world is a matter of the first order
Mr Bishop said, at a time when the capitalist world, with which
Grenada has traditional ties, "continues to be engulfed in crisis",
it is also important to diversify Grenada's trading relations and
seek new trading partners in the Socialist world.
The Prime Minister's comments came as he reported to the rally on a
recent trip he made to the German Democratic Republic, Bulgaria and
Libya. That trip started on June 6th and he and his delegation
returned to Grenada just hours before the rally began on June 21st.
Mr Bishop said the PRG sees it also as important to develop ties
with Socialist countries because of diplomatic and political
advantages of having such ties, and because of the "firm, rockl-
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
hard and principled support members of the Socialist world have al-
ways given to the national liberation movements that have been strugg-
ling all .rounc the wotld'.
"When the United States was unleashing bombs and terror on the people
of Viet Nam, it was the Socialist world that stood by the people of
Viet Nam", he said. "When the United States was unleashing their
guns on the people of Cuba in 1961, it was the Socialist world that
stood by the people of revolutionary Cuba. When the United States
was arming counter revolutionaries in Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
and Guinea-Bissau to wage terror against the people, the Socialist
world stood with the national liberation movements of Africa."
The Prime Minister said the PRO feels that, as a matter of-funda-
rental principle, ties must be developed with countries such as these.
GDR TEACHES BISHOP "MAJOR LESSON" ABOUT WORK
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told a rally here on June 21st that,
on his just concluded trip which took him-to, among other countries,
lhe German Democratic Republic (GDR), he.and his delegation had an
opportunity to talk to farmers working on a cooperative farm in the
G3DR, and he had asked those farmers how many hours they work per day
and how long is their lunch break.
"They told us", he said, "that they start working at 6.00 am every
morning and they stop at 6.00 pm with-a half-an-hour lunch break.
only, and that tells you something about what is required if we want
to really build our economy in a serious way.1
Mi Bishop said the.farmers pointed out that, never being sure of
weather conditions, they had, on a daily basis, to utilise every
spare minute because they got benefits from what they produced and
saw their country being built.
"That was a major lesson for us", the Prime Minister said, "something
we felt we would have to share with our people once we returned home!
Delivering solidarity messages at a "Heroes Day" rally on June 21st,
Grenada's mass organizations, including the National Women's Organ-
isation, the National Youth Organisation, the Armed Forces and the
Trade Union Council, all paid tribute to the Centre for Popular
Education (CPE), the second phase of which was launched on June 21st.
- continued -
Week Ending 26.6.82
Week Ending 26.6.82 THE GRENAFDA NRWSI-TTER Page j
Addressing the rally, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop also praised the
CPS and said the Peoples, Revolutionary Government (PRG) and the New
Jewel Movement wished to join the salutes given those who work in
"We recall'with pleasure and admiration the tremendous work our com-
rades have done in phase one in.virtually wiping out illiteracy in
our country", he said, "and we are.confident that the task the com-
rades have set themselves of, over a couple of years, bringing some
10,000 of our adults into education in the evenings, that that task,
undoubtedly, is going to be fulfilled."
Mr Bishop said the workers at the CPE could be assured of the full-
est support of the PRG and NJM.
THE "BOMB BLAST" MURDERS TRIAL
Mr Justice Satrohan Singh adjourned the High Court at noon on June
14th with a request to both Prosecution and Defence lawyers that "
theyshould search their law books to discover what the Court's act-
ion should be if it is found that an accused person is unable to
take part in his trial because, mentally and physically, he is in-
capable because of his own action.
On trial was Layne Phillip who, together with Russel, Roland and
Kenneth:Budhla1 and Grace Augustine, is charged under the Terrorism!
(Prevention) Law with the "bomb blast" killings of Lorraine Charles,
Laurice Humphrey and Bernadette Bailey on June 19th 1980 when a bomb
exploded at a rally at Queens Park, near St Georges.
Phillip was brought to Court on a stretcher on June 2nd in an uncon-
scious state and was taken to.the General Hospital that day. Two
days later, Dr Sekher Tamtam, attached to Richmoni Hill Prisons,
told the Court that,.when he had examined Phillips, he had found him
to be in a coma resulting from the fact.that he had not been eating.
In Ceurt on June 14th, Dr Alister Budhlall, attached to the General
Hospital, said Phillip had been unconscious when he arrived at the
Hospital at 1.25 pm on the 2nd, but regained consciousness about 2
hours later and was "well:orliented" the next day.
Dr Budhlall said he found nothing organically wrong with Phillip-
and that his condition was one he.would expect in a person who is on
a hunger strike.
During the course of that morning, Phillip was brought from the
Hospital to the Court by the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) and
escorted by Commissioner of Prisons Mr Patrick MacLeish. He had
to be carried into the Court and to 'e supported on his chair by a
P.ge 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 26.6.82
member of his,PRA guard. His eyeswere closed, he appeared to be
mumbling to himself and he did not appear to take any interest in the
Dr Budhlall said Phillip had been taking food intermittentlyy" and, at
8.00 am on that day, had been able to speak.rationally. The doctor
said he could think of nothing to account for the change in his condit-i
ion in the space of some 3 hours except that Phillip is faking, but he
-Ld not rule out the possibility that there may be something organical-
ly wrong with him.
Mr Alan Alexander, a Trinidad barrister who is leading the prosecution
on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions, Jamaica born Mr
Langston Sibbles, asked the Court to find that Phillip is faking or,
if not, then his condition was self inflicted. In that case, he
sa'd, in order that justice might not be frustrated, a plea of "not
j ilty" should be entered on Phillip's behalf and the case should
The trial Judge adjourned the case until 2.00 pm that day calling on
both the Prosecution and Defence to consult the law and, when the
Court resumed after lunch, Mr Alexander argued that the first thing
the Court hadto decide was whether Phillip's condition was self
inflicted and, therefore, "malice", or whether the condition was "by
the visitation of God".
The Trinidad barrister said the evidence before the Court, given by
Dr Budhlall, indicates that phillip is faking but, if his condition
is as it appears-to be and is self inflicted, then this is "malice"
and the Court must enter a plea of "not guilty" on his behalf and
proceed with the case.
Mr Ben Jones, counsel assigned by the Court to defend Phillip, said
his client was bbviously-not'in a condition to stand trial, and it
cannot be assumed that his condition was self inflicted. He said
he has a lot of experience visiting prisoners at the Richmind Hill
Prisons and he said the conditions under which Phillip is kept in
that institution are "not the same as with normal prisoners".
He would not say more about this unless the Court pressed him, he
said, but he told the Court there are certain conditions in which a
man cannot eat the food given to him.
Mr Justice Singh said there was no evidence before him to show
whether the prison and hospital had been feeding Phillip or whether
he has been on a hunger strike and he adjourned the Court until th~e
next day, June 15th, so that evidence in that connection could be
Before the Court rose, Mr Gaston Benjamin, a Trinidad lawyer appear-
ing for Roland Budhlall, asked for an adjournment until June 28th
Week Ending 261.6'82 THE GRRNADA NWSLETTER Page 7
because he had received depositions in the ,case only on the night be-
fore and had had insufficient time to ;study them. Additionally,
he had commitments in Trinidad to which he had to return.
Mr Justice Singh would not grant this adjournment because, he said,
the case is nearly 2 years old and he believed that "justice de-
layed is justice denied". He believed also, however, that Mr Ben-
jamin needed time to study the depositions. Mr Benjamin's com-
mitments in Trinidad could not be more important than a case in
which a man's life is involved, the Trial Judge said and, after the
Layne Phillip issue was settled on the following day, June 15th, a
resumption of the sitting would take place on the day after that,
When the Court resumed on June 15th, Dr Budhlall gave evidence that,,
as far as his personal knowledge went, Phillip had not taken food on
drink since June 12th and an examination of him on June iSth showed
early signs of dehydration., The doctor said there were signs of
"cerebral disfunction" and physical weakness, and he did not permit
Phillip to be brought to Court.:as this would have jeopardized his
Questioned by Mr Alexander, Dr Budhlall said Phillips condition
could be corrected medically within 2 or 3 days, but "no patient can
be treated against his will.'" The doctor said, in Phillipts
then present condition, permission for treatment would have to be
obtained from his next-of-kin, but he had not yet had time to do sot
The Trial Judge said the inquiry into Phillip's condition could not
take place in Phillip's absence and he adjourned the Court for 2
days until June 17th, by;which time it was hoped that permission
would have been obtained to treat Phillip and that he would be fit
to come to Court.
As the Court was about to rise, Mr Alexander said he did not wish
the other 4 defendants to be "taken by surprise", and he warned "
that, if Phillip was not well enough to come to Court on June 17th,
the Crown would proceed with the case against the other defendants.
When the Court sat on June 17th'to consider the issue ':6f-.the con-
dition of Layne Phillip, Mr Benjamin was not in Court .and Mr Just.-
ice Singh said he had received a cable from him in Trinidad re-
peating his request for a two week adjournment and repeating the
same supporting reasons he had.put forward on June 14th, which
reasons had been rejected .by the Court.
"My view at the moment", the Trial Judge said, "is that Mr Benjamin
Mr Michael Andrews, a Grenadian barrister representing another of
the accused, complained that the Legal Bar in Grenada "is like a
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 26.6.82
football team with 9 players". The volume of work is difficult to
handle, he said, and since the Prosecution had delayed for 2 years be-
fore bringing the case to Court, it was not unreasonable to grant the
Defence an adjournment now for 10 days.
In asking for this adjournment, he said, there was no desire on the
part of the Defence to employ delaying tactics as the Prosecution had
.Mr Andrews said that, if Mr Benjamin did not return from Trinidad to
appear in Court on the next day (June 18th) when the hearing was
scheduled to be resumed, he (Mr Andrews) would have to think of with-
drawing from the case.
Mr Justice Singh told-Mr Andrews that, whether or not there is press-
ure of work on legal practitioners in Grenada, no barrister should
accept a brief if he does not have the time to give to it.
The Judge said further that he welcomed Mr Andrew's assurance that
the Defence was not employing delaying tactics, but the Court was
seeing the beginnings of a denial of justice occasioned by the
Defence's requests for adjournments.
Giving evidence to the Court, Dr Budhlall said Layne.Phillip was
being treated but he was still not well enough to come to Court and
Mr Justice Singh, therefore, postponed the hearing of the issue until
the next day, June 18th, when Dr Budhlall said he believed Phillip
When the Court resumed its sitting on June 18th, Mr Benjamin did not
appear and the Judge expressed the opinion that the Trinidad lawyer
had "abandoned" his client, and he asked Roland Budhlall, for whom
.ir Benjamin had been appearing, whether he wished the Court to
assign a lawyer for his defence.
Sudhlall said he would like this done but he did not know of any
lawyer in Orenada he would like to defend him. He had spoken
to several of them, he said, and they had all refused.
The Judge told Budhlall that, if the Court thinks that he was
being obstructionist, the trial could proceed without a lawyer
assigned to his defence, and the Judge warned him not to let the
matter get to that stage.
Friend of the Court
Speaking as a "Friend of the Court", Mr Andrews, who appears for
Iussel and Kenneth Budhlall and Grace Augustine, told the Judge
there are very few criminal lawyers in Grenada. Most of the
barristers prefer to do chamber work, he said, and they would not
inspire the confidence of the accused.
- continued -
Week -ending 26.6.82 THRFGRENADA fWSA'LE'TTER Page 9
Mr Andrews said also that he was not accusing the Judge of bias but
he felt the Defence was being "bullied" and there was a different
attitude towards the prosecution,. He said the Crown had waited
months before bringing the case to Court in order to get a competent
person like Mr Alexander to come from Trinidad and lead the pros-
ecution, but the Defence had been refused an adjournment 'of 2 weeks.
Mr Justice Singh said he was not satisfied that, in accepting their
briefs in this case, Messrs Andrews and Benjamin had;acted in accord-
ance with the ethics of their profession. The accused Roland
Budhlall wished to retain a lawyer from outside Grenada, he said,
and this is his right. He did not think that Budhlall was
"messina around". The "messing around" had been done by Mr Ben-
jamin, he said, and he expressed the view that the Trinidad barris-
ter had opened himself to having disciplinary action taken against
"He has taken a brief when he knew heq was, unable to give it his att-
ention", the.Judge said, "and that is tantamount to dishonesty,"
The Judge wondered whether it was not a concerted effort on the part
of Messrs Benjamin and Andrews to frustrate the administration of
justice, and he advised these barristers to rethink their positions
as to whether they are acting in accordance with the ethics of their
He has had full cooperation from the Prosecution and from Mr Ben
Jones, the.lawyer assigned by the.Court to defend..Layne .Phillip, the
Judge said, but he had had no cooperation from barristers Andrews
Rising to address the Court, Mr Andrews was asked by the Judge to
take his seat.. "I don't want to hear you", Mr Justice Singh said,
"and if you continue, I will cite you for contempt."
The trial has now been adjourned to 18th October next to give
Roland Budhlall time to engage counsel.
SINGH SLATES LAWYERS FOR "ADVERTISING"
Mr Justice Satrohan Singh expressed the view on June 17th in the
High Court that some people want to be identified with the "bomb
blast" murder trial in their own interests and not the interests of
the accused. '
The Judge referred to a cable sent to Mr. kLchael Andrews,.one of the
defence lawyers, by Miss Denise Campbell, a Grenadian lawyer. now
resident in Trinidad, advising that Mr Gaston Benjamin, a Trinidad
Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 26.6.82
lawyer, would arrive in Grenada- to represent one of the accused.
The cable also asked for depositions in the case to be studied by
certain other Trinidad barristers, and it said the text of the cable
was being released to the Press.
The Judge said a copy of the cable had been sent to him and he could
understand this because the Court is trying the case. What he
could not udeorwesad, he said, is why a copy of the cable had been
leasedd to the Press. The Press is not trying the case, he said.
Someone is looking for recognition and publicity, Mr Justice Singh
said, and the sender of the cable, Miss Campbell, should be aware
that it is against the ethics of the legal profession to advertise.
JUDGE COMPLAINS OF INACCURATE REPORTS
The Trial Judge in the "bomb blast" murder trial, Mr Justice Satrohan
Singh, warned the Press in a statement from the bench on June 17th
that he was not satisfied with the accuracy with which the case was
iThe Judge said he had heard a regional radio station report on the
day before that he (the Judge) was to give a ruling on thatV.day on a
matter in the case, but the Court had not sat on that day at all.
The Press must remember, he said, that he has the discretion to ex-
clude reporters from the Court. If reporters do not consider
themselves competent.to understand.what is happening in Court, he
said, it would be better if they excluded themselves from the pro-
The Trial Judge said he had.seen some reports on the'case'and there
was another matter, a minor one, he wished to draw to the attention
of reporters covering the case.
"I don't know why it seems to be important to mention the Trial
Judge's name in press reports on the case", he said, "but, if my
name is to be reported, it should be spelt correctly and I hope
reporters will apply to the Registrar to get the right spelling."
The Trial Judge in the "bomb blast" terrorist murder trial,
Mr Justice Satrohan Singh, on June 18th reprimanded a Caribbean
News Agency (CANA) reporter, Mr George Worme, for "inaccurate
Week Ending 26.6.82 THE GRRNADA NEWr LETTER Page 11
Speaking from the bench in the High* Court, the Judge said he had
complained the day before of inaccurate reporting of the case, and
he said he had reason to suspect that Mr Worme had been referring to
him in his reports as the "Chief Justice".
"I am not the Chief Justice", he said, and he continued humourously,
"please do not elevate me without the necessary fees, give me the
remuneration first !! v
ACCUSED COMPLAINS AGAINST PRISON AUTHORITIES
Roland Budhlall, one of the accused in the "bomb blast" murder trial,
complained on June 18th to the Trial Judge, Mr Justice Satrohan
Singh, that the prison authorities were not giving him the required
facilities to enable him to make arrangements for his defence.
Budhlall said that, for some time now, he has been requesting a
visit from his relatives so that the financial aspect of his de-
fence could be discussed but, while he has been told that this is
being arranged, the visit has not taken place.
Senior Counsel for the Prosecution, Trinidad barrister Mr Alan
Alexander, told the Court the Commissioner of Prisons Mr Patrick
MacLeish had advised him that he knows of no occasion on which
Budhlall's relatives have been refused a visit.
The Judge said he was not inquiring into that and he ordered that,
within the-prison rules, Budhlall was to be given every facility in
making preparations for his dilefence. ---.
CCG HOLDS SEMINAR.
The Council of Churches, Grenada (CCG) sponsored a seminar on the
weekend of 25th/26th June under the chairmanship of the Venerable
Anglican Archdeacon of Grenada, Hoskins Huggins, and with the theme
"Christian Social Teaching".
Papers were delivered by Fathers Peter Clarke and Oliver Leavy of
the Roman Catholic Church, by Grenadian born Dr David Mitchell of
the Caribbean Council of Churches and, after the seminar, Arch-
deacon Huggins told NEWSLETTER the exercise had had three object-
"The first is to give clarity to the role of Christians in the
community", he said, "toassist Christians in their daily witness
and to identify the Church in the social and national life of the
Page 12 THR GRRRIAnA NERWST.TTi. Week Ending 26.6.82
Archdeacon Huggins, who is Chairman of CCG, said this is the third
seminar organised by his organisation and he expressed the opinion
that it had been "a very worthwhile experience."
CCC PRESIDENT: CHRISTIANS MUST NOT BE AFRAID
iVi Paul Doth, Director of the Moravian Evangelistic Mission in Surinam
And one of the Presidents of the Caribbean Conference of Churches (CCC),
said here on June 26th that, whatever changes may take place in a
country, Christians have to be the "key people", and they must never be
afraid to speak and to act.
"Christians..have to speak and have to do", he said. "Whatever will
happen, we will know that the Lord.who.is Love and who is the Power,
'll give us-his strength and his power to act and to say."
Mr Doth.was addressing a seminar organised by the Council of Churches,
Grenada, on the theme, "Christian Social Teaching", and he reminded
participants that, as had happened in Grenada, his country, Surinam,
had experienced a revolution and both countries face challenging times.
',nhen there is nothingto be said, Christians should be silent, he said,
but they must not be afraid to speak "when the Lord wants you to
speak", and, before the Surinam revolution, the Christian Council in
that country had warned the then Government that a lot of things in
the country were wrong and had to be changed or there would be serious
"Nothing happened", Mr Doth said, "and the Christian Council again
warned the Government that things were not going well, and then the
Council of Churches in Surinam was accused of being 'left' and
Then came the revolution, he said, and at the very beginning every-
One was glad and everyone said, "change will come" and "new things
"We also got new prophets bringing new gospels saying, 'We know
what is the way' ", the CCC President said, "and they told us,
'Look at Cuba, look at Grenada, let's try that way' "
When things started going 'not too wellt after the revolution,
Mr Doth said, the Christian Council issued a warning and, now, the
Council is being accused of being 'right wing people.'
"We should be glad that some think we are 'left' because we spoke
out and some think we are 'right' when we speak out", he.said,
'"hbcause it means that we are somewhere in the middle way,:the way
of showing what is really right, what is justice and the way we
have to go." continued
Week Ending 26.6.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
Mr Doth said CCC is also accused of being 'left' because of "the way
we are trying to struggle and to do what we are thinking the Lord
wants us to do He asked participants at the seminar to be
aware that whenever Christians try to "do what is right in the eyes
of the Lord", they will be accused and "crucified".
"The Christian Churches in this area must not be afraid to be cruci-
fied in these times", he said. "We must not be afraid that we
will lose things because, in the philosophy of Jesus Christ, losers
are winners. Those who are losing in the eyes of the world are,
in reality, the winners.".
..: ;..... ..'
CCC OFFICIAL CRITICIZES THE CBI
A working group of the Churches in .the-United States has studied
President Ronald Reagan's Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) and has
identified weaknesses in the plan.
This was disclosed .here on June .26th by the Reverend Dr--David
Mitchell of the Caribbean Conference of Churches (CCC) as he address-
ed a seminar organised by the Council of Churches,, Grenada on
"Christian Social Teachings".
The Churches in the U.S. question whether, in the light of their
history in Puerto Rico and elsewhere, the great American corporat-
ions must be allowed free entry to the Caribbean basin, he said.
"They declare there is no room in the Basin Plan to enable small
manufacturers, small corporations, to work with the small people,
small businesses of the region", he said.. "In other words, they
are pointing to monopoly capitalism instead of market capitilism as
the group which will intrude on the Caribbean".
Specifically, he said, the point has been made that President Reagan
has indicated that the CBI is not for development but is for the
security of the United States. Dr Mitchell said this is indic-
ative of actions being taken at high levels which affect the masses
of the Caribbean-.
Dr Mitchell referred to the condemnation by Pope Paul of any system
in which "private ownership of the means of production as an absolute
right has no limits and carries no corresponding social obligations",
and he referred to an example of this in Barbados where a Canadian
clothing firm had closed, he said, putting. 200 people out of work.
"In Barbados we have seen the operation of that system causing hard-
ship to the nation", he said.
r~rt~l~:~es r *wy ** -- -^ *
;! 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 26.6.82
NEWSPAPER LAW LAPSES
With effect from June 16th, restrictions placed on the publication of
newspapers in GreIada'were lifted.
These restrictions are set out in Peoples Law 18/1981 passed by the
Peoples Revolutionary Government on 19th June last year, and one of
the provisions of this law is that it "shall be deemed to have come
into effect on the 16th June 1981 and shall remain in effect for a
period of one year from that date."
Excepting only "any newspaper presently being published and which has
bcen continually in existence since 29th October 1979", this law
banned publication of any "newspapers or other paper, pamphlet or
publication containing any public news, intelligence or report of
a~.y occurance or any remarks or observations thereon or upon any
political matter, published for sale, distribution or other
Speaking at a "Heroes Day" rally on the day the law was passed, Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop said this law had been passed because of the
appearance of a weekly independent newspaper, "The Grenadian Voice",
which was first published six days before the law was passed.
Just a few hours before the Prime Minister spoke, "The Grenadian
Voice" had been closed down by the Security Forces and Mr Bishop
charged that there were 5 reasons why this newspaper was illegal.
le: did not specify what the error had been, but the first reason he
gave was that the wrong procedure was used in creating the Company
owning the newspaper. The second reason was that, when the PRG
closed the "Torchlight" newspaper (in October 1979), the Commander
cf the revolution "warned these elements they must not put out a
newspaper again until further notice."'
The third reason was that, when the PRG banned the Roman Catholic
newspaper, "The Catholic Focus", "we warned them they must not. put
out any more paper, trying to use illegal means under .the Newspaper
Act", and the fourth reason is that "we have warned them .... they
have to wait until a media code .... is formulated and published ..'
The fifth and most important reason, he said, is "there is revo-
lutionary legality and they will have to abide by the laws of the
"This afternoon, Comrades", he said, "we have passed another law
to keep them happy. Under this law, it is again made clear,
this time in the kind of form they like, that no newspaper is. to
be printed for the period of the next year until the media policy
Week Ending 26.6.e 1
To date, however, the PRG has not published a media code or policy.
Shortly after the Prime Minister spoke, the Office of National Se-
curity (ONS) issued a statement in which it accused the persons ass-
ociated with publication of "The Grenadian Voice" of being "closely
linked with-the CIA". The ONS said these persons had planned "a
careful programme of destabilization and chaos in Grenada", and "-
"this latest manifestation of counter revolutionary activity' had
nothing to do with freedom of the press.
Three persons associated with "The Grenadian Voice" were arrested
and detained by the PRG on July llth last year. They are
barristers Lloyd Noel and Tillman Thomas and Leslie Pierre who is a
small businessman and the Island Scout Commissioner.
In announcing their arrests on the day they were put in jail, Mr
Bishop said their detention should be a lesson "to those elements
who are unprepared to understand there is a.price to be paid if you
are involved in counter revolution."
Messrs Noel, Thomas and Pierre are still in detention; no charges
have been laid against them,.
VENEZUELA SPONSORS CHEF'S COURSE
At a ceremony on June 18th, diplomas were handed out to 18 students
completing a cooking course for employees in the Hotel Industry.
Sponsored and financed by the Venezuelan Government at a cost of
US$15,000.00, the course was conducted at the Grenada Government
owned "Horse Shoe.Bay" hotel and was under the direction of Mr
Daniel Belisar,35, culinary expert attached to the Venezuelan
The course, which ran from 3rd May to 18th June, involved 250 hours
of intensive work, and the programme included instruction in the
preparation of Spanish and Italian dishes, sauces, creams, stock and
seasonings, and the setting up of an efficient kitchen lay-out.
Addressing the graduates,- Mr Richard Cherman, Deputy Director of
Tourism, said Grenada is already known as a place for good food,
and he urged them to build on that reputation with the skills they
have been given.
Expressing the Grenada Government's appreciation of this Venezuelan
aid, Mr Cherman said it is timely as, when the international airport
at Point Saline is completed, an increase in visitor arrivals is
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Page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 26.6.82
The Deputy Director of Tourism said also it is planned that the
Venezuelan Government will give further assistance to the Tourist
Industry through training for waiters, receptionists and other hotel
GRENADA & MEXICO SIGN CULTURAL AGREEMENT
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) a*d the Government of
Mexico signed in St Georges on June 18th a Cultural Agreement aimed
at "developing the ties of friendly solidarity and cooperation
between Grenada and Mexico."
The state owned Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said on June 19th that the
areas of cooperation include education, culture, sports and inform-
ition. RFG said also the Agreement makes provision for exchange
of visits by teachers and experts for the purpose of courses, con-
ferences, seminars and for the exchange of cultural material.
Under this Agreement, RFG said, Mexico is also to provide scholar-
ships for Grenadians to study in that country..
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop paid an official visit to Mexico last
September, and a joint communique issued by him and by Mexican
President Jose Lopez Portillo disclosed that an inter-governmental
bilateral commission for cooperation in the economic, commercial,
scientific, technical and cultural aspects would be established.
The Cultural Agreement was signed on June 18th by Minister of
Education Jacqueline Creft and Mexico's Non-Resident Ambassador to
Grenada, Mr Antonio VillA.va Acevedo.
S*NUTMEG INDUSTRY IN DIFFICULTY
For the 6 months ending 31st December last, the Grenada Cooper-
ative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) had an operating loss of over
GCNA had a good year in 1978 but, since then, because of
deteriorating market conditions and increasing costs, annual trad-
ing results have declined steadily.
In 1978, gross profit.was over BC$11 million with BC$8.5 million
paid to growers but, in its Report for that year, the GCNA Board
of Management reported the demandfor mace was "disappointing"
and the demand for nutmegs had "fallen off considerably".
In the following year, gross profit dropped to EC$8.3 million
and the Board drew BC$1.4 million from reserves in order to pay
THE GRENADA NEWSLTTER
growers EC$8.4 million. This pattern was repeated in 1980 when,
with gross profit reduced to BC$7.7 million, the Board paid growers
BC$8.1 million with the help of EC$1.8 million transferred from re-
At 30th June 1981, the end of the 1981 trading year, profit had de-
clined to BC$5.7 million but, with EC$2.6 million transferred from
reserves, the Board paid growers BC$7.1 million.
GCNA is a statutory body with the monopoly for all exports of mace
and nutmegs, and payments to growers are made under two heads. Under
the first head, advances are made to growers on delivery of the pro-
duce at prevailing prices fixed by the Board. Under the second
head, when the Association closes it books at 30th June each year,
the surplus on trading is paid to growers.
A financial statement for the half-year ended 31st December last,
published on June 21st by the GCNA Board, shows the gross-profit for
that period was BC$2.1 million, from which BC$2 million has been
paid as advances to growers. In addition, the Board has paid
expenses of some EC$2.5 million and has set aside just under EC$
million for reserves. These transactions have resulted in an
operating loss of EC$768,280.00 for that half year.
A source close to GCNA told NEWSLETTER that sales for the current
half year are better than for the half year ended 31st December
last. Sales in that half-year were EC$4.1 million and this
compares unfavourably with the total 1981 sales of EC$9.7 million,
and even more unfavourably with the total sales for 1978, BC$16.1
million, the last year in which no reserve funds were used to pay
growers a "surplus" on trading.
In spite of the improved sales in the current half-year, the source
thought it unlikely that GCNA will show a profit at the end of June
1982 when the books will be closed.
The source pointed out, further, that GCNA's deteriorating position
is highlighted by the fact that, whereas the Association had.EC$7.5
million on deposit with the commercial banks in Grenada in 1978,
there is now no money on deposit and, at the end of last year, there
was a bank overdraft of EC$1.9 million.
RAMDHANNY HEADS DELEGATION TO WASHINGTON
Deputy Minister of Finance Mr Lyden Ramdhanny, headed a delegation
to Washington this month to attend a meeting of the Caribbean Group
for Cooperation in Economic Development.
- continued -
Week Ending 26.6.,82
The delegation included the Permanent Secratary in the Ministry of Plan-
ing, Mrs Gloria Payne Banfield, and Grenada's Ambassador to the Organ-
isation of American States, Miss Dessima Williams.
The meeting ended on June 18th.
CREPT CALLS ON CHAMBER TO HELP CPE
Minister of Education Jacqueline Creft has called on the Grenada Cham-
ber of Industry & Commerce (CIC) to assist in the second phase of the
Ac~lt Education Programme which was scheduled to be launched on June
21st through the Centre for Popular Education (CPE).
i. s Creft was.speaking on June 15th at the opening of a training
-.-ninar organised by the Chamber, and she suggested three ways in
vhich the private sector could become involved in the programme.
First, she said, Managers could encourage employees to participate
i the programme. Then, Managers could become involved as
volunteer teachers and, thirdly, financial contributions could be
ride towards the programme.
Lhe training seminar was open to employees of CIC members and was
divided into two sections. The first catered for junior
coployess and the second was open to supervisors. Twenty-three
persons were in the junior section and 21 in the senior.
The seminar ended on June 18th.
.. '' .'n4 m.
PRG EXPANDS NMIB SCOPE
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has decided that the
rational Marketing & Importing Board (NMIB) is to be the sole
importer of full cream powdered milk in bags, and Radio Free
Grenada announced on June 15th that the first shipment of this
commodity was expected to arrive about the end of June.
The Regulation making the Board the sole importer of this item
was made on May 21st and covers refined sugar also, both commodit-
ies being prohibited to other importers from June 30th.
Other commodities already restricted to importation by the Board
are rice, brown sugar and cement.
The price at which the coming shipment of powdered milk will be
sold has not .yet been decided, but Radio Free Grenada reported
that the Board's Acting Manager,Mr Densil Wilkes, has said that,
whatever price is fixed, it will be stable until the end of this
Week En'ing 26.6.82 THR GPURDA.D NiJAST.TTa. rage 19
UK TRAVEL AGENTS VISIT
A group of 18 travel agents from the United Kingdom began a 4-day
visit to Grenada on June 14th.
According to Radio Free Grenada, the .visit was sponsored by the
Ministry of Tourism, the Grenada Hotel Association, Caribbean Air-
ways, LIAT and the British based tour operators, Atlas Travel.
The travel agents were expected to visit the international airport
being constructed at Point Saline,,the National Museum, hotels and
estates, and they were to hold discussions with local operators in
the Tourist Industry.
HOPKIN GETS AWARD
Mr. Royston Hopkin, President of the Grenada Hotels;Association
(GHA), has been honoured by the Caribbean Hotels Association (CHA).
At its Annual.General Meeting in the Bahamas (which ran from 7th to
llth June), CIFA presented an award to Mr Hopkin for his outstanding
contribution to tourism in the region. The citation said Mr
Hopkin's efforts have contributed significantly to the advancement
of the Caribbean Hotel Industry.
The CHA Annual General Meeting elected Mr Hopkin to be the CHA
Fourth Vice-President, in which capacity he will chair the organ-
isation's recently formed sub-committee on small hotels.
CUBA & GRENADA SIGN COOPERATION AGREEMENT
The Cuban EmbasSy in Grenada has issued a release confirming that,
on May 28th last, Cuba's Ministry of Foreign Relations and Gre--
nada's Ministry of Foreign Affairs have signed a Cooperation Agree-
ment for the period 1982-83.
Signing the accord were Cuba's Foreign Minister Isidora Malmierca
and Grenadats Foreign Minister Unison.Whiteman.
WORKSHOP ON TRANS-NATIONALS
A workshop jointly sponsored by the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment and the United Nations Centre on Trans-National Corporations
(UNCTC) was opened on June 21st by Minister of Pinance B'ernard
-Page 20 THE CrFNADA NEWSLETTER Woek Eding 26.6.82
Geared to preparing persons for dealing with trans-national corporat-
ions in the eventual exploration for and production of gas and oil,
the workshop was expected to .be attended by participants from all
Government Ministries and a number of State and private enterprises.
Included on the agenda were legislation, regulation of oil and gas
exploration, issues in negotiations, model agreements and the
PAHO OFFICIAL STUDIES INDUSTRIAL WASTE DISPOSAL.
i;r Ronald Williams, Area Engineer Advisor of the Pan American Health
I-ganisation (PAHO), visited Grenada this month to do a study on
;.sposal of industrial waste as part of PAHO's programme for technical,
operationn in the Eastern Caribbean.
ri Williams will make recommendations to the Ministry of Health on
pollutionn control with respect to liquid and solid waste disposal,
rnd he held discussions .with officials of that Ministry and the
Central Water Commission on tho "International Drinking Water Supply
' Sanitation Decade" which began last year.
Before he left Grenada on June 18th, Mr Williams was scheduled
to talk to the primnary Health Committee.
US NATIONAL BLACK INDEPENDENT PARTY VISITS
A delegation from the National Black Independent Party of the United
;-,ttes of America arrived in Grenada on June 15th to take part in the
"Heroes Day" celebrations which took place on June 21st.
The delegation was expected to meet Minister of Mobilisation Selyn
Straohan:'for discussions on June'l16th.
er Hughes Cynthia Hughes
26th June 1982
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister &.Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies