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FOUNDED 17TH AUGUST 1973
For .The Week Endig May 29th 1982
10th Year of Publication 270th Issue
Volume 10 Number 8
MOZAMBIQUE'S MACHEL IN GRENADA
President Samora Machel of Mozambique touched down at
Pearls airport on May 22nd and was met by Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop heading a high level welcoming party in-cle.
ing the Central Committee of the New Jewel Movement (NJi),
Ministers of Government and the Diplomatic Corps.
Delivering an addrxeQ' f welcome,Mx Bishop praised Presi-
dent Machel as a courageous, dedicated, illustrious, inter-
nationalist.son of Africa. Mr Machel, he said, had not
been afraid, once the time. became ripe, "to move from other
means of trying to bring forward the advance of his people
to assume armed struggle in the hills and valleys of Mozam-
bique in order to free the people of that heroic country
from Portuguese colonialism."
The Prime Minister said Mr Machel's visit came at a sig-
nificant time NJM would celebrate African Liberation Day
as the Patty had done every year since 1972. Because -.f
a change in the President's time of arrival at Grenada,
Mr Bishop s4id, many thousands of people who had planned
to be at the airport to welcome him were absent, but he
assured the President that they would be present at the
rally, on the next day to hear him speak.
In his reply, speaking in PQjtuV 1% through an intrVetzter
President Machel congratulated the people of Grenada and
the NJM on the revolution of March 13th 1979 which,he said,
rid Grenada of domination, oppression and exploitation. He
and the people of Mozambique identify with that revolution
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Bc 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies
THB GRENADA NBWSLETTER
he said, because it frustrated the "imperialists'" designs of emptying
Grenada's independence of its true content and because it translates
the will of a people to build their country in full sovereignty without
"Comrade Maurice Bishopl, he said, "our common path of domination and
of struggle for freedom, our common Will for the radical improvement
of the well-being of our people and our common position in defence of
the principles of independence and non-alignment, are the guarantee
that this visit shall have fruitful results.
Mr Machel was the principal speaker at the African Liberation Day
rally held at Seamoon, near Pearls airport, on May 22nd. Addressing
that rally, he expressed the view that underdevelopment of a country
is "something organised by the imperialists and colonialists."
"It is a result of colonial domination and exploitation", he said,
'lit is the result of.the plunder of our wealth."
The people of Mozambique have won the first decisiVe stage, the
President said, because there is a say ing, Get ye political power
and the rest will come to ;you."'!
Mr Machel said that, a few years ago, power in Grenada was in hands
working to serve "imperialist;,interests"a, so it would not- have been
possible to talk about these things in public four years-ago.
"So now we have political power", he continued* "and our job is to
follow on the struggle so that the fruits of independence must, first
and foremost, serve the masses."
The President's address, made in Portuguese through an interpreter,
lasted some 90 minutes and had words of praise for Prime Minisrer
Bishop. The important role Mr Bishop played in the Grenada revo-
lution, he said, and his courage, ideological-clarity and determin-
ation make him one of the greatest revolutionaries. .
Mr Machel warned, however,- that revolution is a difficult, complex
process. On the one hand, he said, it produces heroes- and
conscientious, responsible, organized and disciplined people, but,
on the other hand, it also produces'thieves and traitors .. Wherever
there is revolution, he said, there is always reaction and rumour
In Mozambique, he told the- rally, rumor mongering is considered to
be working: for the enemy and the penalty on conviction is 2 to 8
Both Mozambique and Grenada.believe in the principles of justice
and freedom, Mr Machel said, and with the same strength and convict-
ion with which they preserved their sovereignty and independence,
the two countries must turn cooperation unto an instrument of the
Week Ending 29.5.82
Week Ending 29.5.82 THE GRENADA N~~WSEIER Page 3
Parties at the service of the people.
"With the same conviction.with which we believe in the strength and
capability of the people", he said, we can turn or cooperation,
friendship and solidarity into a contribution,for the peace and pro-
gress of mankind."
President Machel's visit was part of,a three nation tour 6f the
region. Before calling at Grenada, his first stop wk! at Nica-
ragua, and he left for Cuba on May 25th.
BISHOP: SAME ENEMIES, SAME FRIENDS v
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told visiting President Samora Machel
of Mozambique that Grenada and Mozambique are both fighting the
same enemy in "United States: Imperialis.m".
The occasion was an African Liberation Day rally held at Seamoon,
near Pearls Airport on May 23rd, and Mr Bishop-was .speaking-after
Mr Machel had addressed the-rally and called for cooperation be-
tween the ruling political parties in Grenada and Mozambique.
Mr Bishop said "United States Imperialists" are financing and
supporting South Africa to send troops into Mozambique and Angola.
to kill innocent people, terrorism, sabotage the economy and try to
block sources of funding for the Mozambique Government.
"Z. exactly the same way that our friends in Mozambique are ex-
periencing this problem at the hands of the United States imperial-
ists",;he said, "so too in Grenada we know we are fighting the same
enemy, the same United States imperialists. Here too we can see
exactly the same attempts being made to crush our country and roll
back our revolution."
Mr Bishop said Mozambique and Grenada also have the same friends.
Just' as Cuba assisted Mozambique after the revolution's success.
there in 1975,'he pointed out, so Cuba had assisted Grenada after
her revolution in 1979. Additionally, he continued, Mozambique
and Grenada share other friends among countries in the Socialist
world, countries in Western Europe and countries in the Arab
"Comrades'", the Prime Minister said, "the same struggle, the same
victory, the same enemy today, the same friends today and we can:
also testify that today our two countries are also. united in using
the same approach to political and economic development."
Mozambique has been trying to eradicate illiteracy as Grenada has
been doing, Mr Bishop said, both counties have:.been trying to-
provide housing for the people and both Mozambique's Front For The
Page 4 THE GRENADA.NEWSLETTEP Week Ending 29.5.82
Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) Party and Grenada's New Jewel Move-
ment (NJM) party put the people at the centre and f6cus of all their
"In the same way that the people are always involved in all decisions
in Grenada", he said, "in exactly the same way in Mozambique today the
people are first, second, third and last. The people are always
present, the people are always involved, the voice of the people is
always heard and-listened to."
The Prime Minister assured President Machel that Mozambique has and
will always have a firm friend in Grenada.
CARD PRAISES PRIVATE SECTOR
Minister of Finance & Trade Bernard Coard has praised the.manufact-
uring sectors of the private sector for "their initiative, serious-
ness, determination, lack of vacillation and hesitation and time mark:-
ing., and above all, their patriotism."
Mr Coard.comments were made on May 25th as he addressed a meeting of
the Chamber of Commerce held at the-National Convention Centre at Grand
With the.exception of 1981, Mr Coard said, applications by the private
soctc. for loans from the Grenada Development Bank (GDB) have been on
the increase since 1979 when these applications totalled FR$408,000.
The figure increased in 1980 to EC$1.6 million, he said, but there was
a fall to EC$547,000 in the following year. The Minister said that,
for the first 5 months in 1982, applications for loans totalled HC41-6
These applications, he said, cover a wide range of projects including
construction of apartments, expansion of a bottling plant, battery
manufacturing, a garment factory, hotel expansion and extension, manu-
facturing of plywood doors, processing of jams and jellies, colour
film processing, a motor mechanics' shop, handicraft production,
furniture manufacture %id matar6ii production.
"What the facts show", Mr Coard said, "are that the vast majority of
these small manufacturers have not sat back and waited for the
Government to build factory shells for them and install this and that
for them. They have gone but there in front and done it all them-
The Minister said projections for 1982 are some .C$3.1 million in
loans from GDB, which is.double the 1980 figure, and he feels-that,
"despite all propaganda'!, there is a significant and growing section
of the private sector in Grghada.
sai saa d .j
Week Ending 29.5.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5
ANOTHER "AIRPORT CONTRACT SIGNED V-
In its issue of May 19th, the Government owned "Free West Indian't
(FWI) newspaper reports that an EC$6.5 million contract has been
signed by the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) with the Finish
firm of Metex for lighting systems and ground support equipment for
the international airport now being constructed at Point Saline.
According to FWI, about 25% of the contract is to be paid in cash,
payments to begin after the equipment has been commissioned; 9:me
75% of the contract is being financed by a line of credit given zy
the Finish Government, repayment to be made over 8 years with an
interest rate of 8%.
The newspaper said the contract was signed on May 15th by Mr.Bernard
Coard, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, on behalf of
the PRG, while Metex Area Sales Manager Mr Yrsa Lindholm signed on
behalf of the Company.
FWI said the equipment covered by the contract should arrive by No-
vember and includes airfield lighting, car park and street lightin'j,
3 fuellers, 3 fire fighting vehicles and catering equipment.
Mr Coard is quoted by PWI as saying that between EC$45 million and
BC$46 million will be required to provide all.equipment for operat-
ing the international-airport. On May 6th, he signed a contract
in this connection for EC$33 million (6,6 million sterling) with
the British firm of Plessey Airports Ltd, and he told FWI that a
third,contract covering, among otherthings, safety equipment, a
rescue launch and electronic navigation equipment, and valued be-
tween EC$6 million and EC$6.5 million, will soon be open to tenders
and should be awarded within 6 months.
Referring to the Plessey contract, Mr Coard told FWI that EC$28
million is being financed by a line of credit with an interest rate
of 74%. Repayment is to begin after the airport is functioning
and will be spread over 8 years. The other EC$5 million of the
contract will be paid in cash.
FWI said the Plessey contract covers supply and installation of air
control, navigation, communication and ground-handling equipment.
PRG TO GST. OPEC LOAN V
Informed sources disclosed in St Georges on May 26th that the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) is currently negotiating a
loan of US$2 million from the Special Fund Qf the Organisation of
Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)...
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Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.5.82
The sources said this -loan :is-required for balance of payments assist-
ance, and.final negotiations and signature-of- the Agreement will. pob-
ably be done by Grenadats Ambassador in Brussels, Mr George Builen.
During 1981, Grenada's domestic exports.increased by 9.3% over the
previous year's figure and totalled EC$49.7 million. Imports.also
increased in 1981, rising by 6,9% from the-1980 figure of EC$144.9
million~and mAking a balance of visible trade deficit of EC$95.2
GOES' BULLPEN APPEALS FOR PATIENCE
SManager of Grenada. Electricity Services Ltd (GES), Mr Winston Bullen,
disclosed on May 26th that GES is negotiating a loan-of EC$8 million
from the European Development Bank to install a new power generator.
Mr Bullen said the-loan would be for 20 years at an interest rate of
2% and with a 5 year grace period.
The disclosure came in -an appeal made- over Radio Free Grenada-to
electricity consumers to be patient in the face of power-outages now
being experienced throughout the island. Mr, Bullen said GES is,
aware-of the inco~pvenience being- caused but, although new parts have
been put In the old machines as a temporary measure, the machines
continue to break down.
"We are asking you, members of the public", Mr Bullen said, 'Ito.
conserve as much electricity as possible, we are asking-you to see
with us (that) there is light at the end of this dark tunnel."
GES, a joint venture of the Peoples Revolutionary Government and the
Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC), was managed by CDC until
May last year when, by-legislative action, the PRG acquired majority
shareholding in and management of GBS.
Relations between CDC and the PRG. had deteriorated from mid-1980 when
CDC had applied for an increase in the Government controlled rates
for the sale of electricity, which increase, CDC said, was necessary
in order to raise funds to carry out essential maintenance and
install new equipment.
This application was-refused and the PRG appointed a Commission of
Inquiry into the Company, and that.Commission reported, among other
things, that the PRG should "seek to acquire CDC's -interest at a
valuation which should take into account the present unsatisfactory
state of the Companyts generating plant."
This "unsatisfactory state" had been highlighted in August 1980 by
the CDC Manager of GES, Mr Rodney George, who said-then that GES
hoped to borrow EC$5 million from the Caribbean Development Bank to
j __ __
Week Ending 29.5.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER. Page 7
install a new generator, but the Company could not service the loan
unless there was an increase in the tariff for the sale of electric"
In August last year, Mr Bullen warned there would have to be an in-
crease in the rates if GES was npt to lose over EC$1 million in
1981. That increase came in October 1981 andthe .hope was ex-
pressed then that the wursonrino situation with power outages would
be remedied shortly.
"I had promised before", Mr Bullen said in his appeal, "that, per-
haps early this year, we might have started with installation. of
new generators but, as you know, we are a poor country and we have
to look for the very best terms of finance, -and the terms offered
to us before have not been very good."
The Manager said his.staff is doing the best they can with old and
unreliable equipment, and he asked consumers to be understanding in
the face of the frequent power outages they now suffer.
PRG PROTESTS TO U>S. OVER BERKLEY INCIDENT
The. Ministry of.Foreign Affairs of the Peoples Revolutionary Gov-
ernment (PRG) has issued a strong protest to the United States Em-
bassy in Bridgetown, Barbados, relative to the alleged harassment
of a Grenadian by Immigration Authorities in Puerto Rico earlier
According to a report from the state owned Radio Free Grenada (RFG)
made on May 21st, Miss Susanne Berkley,20, went to Puerto Rico on
May 4th to attend a seminar on "theology in the Americas".
"On her arrival at the international airport in Puerto Rico", RFG
said,"sister Berkley's passport was impounded. She was also de-
tained and forced to sign an adverse statement prepared by U.S.
Immigration Authorities. Despite having a valid American visa
to enter the U.S. colony of Puerto Rico, sister Berkley was finally
RFG reported that, in its protest, the PRG said it is "deeply
shocked at the harsh, inhumane and intimidatory treatment" meted
out to Miss Berkley and that the grounds for refusing her entry to
Puerto Rico appeared to be "highly inconstant and geared towards a
The PRG called on the U.S. Government to give an assurance that
all Grenadian visitors to U.S. territory will be treated with re-
spect and will not be harassed by U.S. Immigration Officials or
other Government representatives, RFG said.
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.5.82
According to RFG, the protest said this assurance will be in accord-
ance with U.S. obligations under international law and its professed
desire for good relations with Grenada.
PWU AGM ENDS 'IN CHAOS
The Annual General meeting of the Public Workers Union (PWU), former--
ly the Civil Service Assocoation, ended in chaos on May 27th when
the meeting failed to decide whether election of officers should be
by show of hands or secret ballot.
A source close to PWU told NEWSLETTER the PWU Constitution provides
that voting on all matters should be by show of hands unless a
majority of the members present and voting decide that decisions
should be taken by secret ballot.
A group within the PWU calling itself the "November 12th Committee"
insisted that voting should be by show of hands and, when a motion
was put forward to decide the issue of the method of voting, the
chants of this group of, "We want hands !", effectively blocked the
putting of the motion to the meeting.
A member of the November 12th Committee told NEWSLETTER that the
grouo is made up of persons who complain about the "lack of life"
in PWU, who want "greater democracy" in the Union and "broader
participation of members in the activities in the affairs of the
Union." The Committee takes its name from the date, last year,
when the group tried to convene a special meeting of PWU and,
having failed in that objective, held a meeting of its own.
Prior to the meeting of May 27th, Government offices had posters
urging workers to vote for the slate of names put forward by the
November 12th Committee, and a printed pamphlet of that slate was
circulated at the meeting.
Members of the November 12th Committee charged at the meeting that
voting by ballot could not be done democratically because some
persons present had more than one ballot paper and, additionally,.
some of the ballot papers were not properly authenticated.
After failing to restore order at the meeting, outgoing PWU
President, Mr Septimus Forsythe, announced, amid shouts and cat-
calls, that, within 3 weeks, the Annual General Meeting will be
reconvened to elect officers.
There was an unsuccessful attempt by the November 12th Committee
to introduce a motion dissolving the present executive and ap-
pointing a committee to organise election of officers for the
coming term. This committee would have comprised 3 members of
THE GRENADA NEWS RPTTagR
the dissolved Executive, 3 members of the November 12th Committee
and the PWU Elections Officer.
A member of the November 12th Committee, who did not want to be
identified, told NEWSLETTER that the proposal contained in that
motion was officially put to President Forsythe on May 28th. The
member said Mr Forsythe had promised to put that proposal before the
Government offices closed early on May 27th to facilitate attend-
ance at the Annual General Meeting and it is reported that the'turn
out was a record 800.
BISHOP HAPPY OVER UNIVERSITY SCHOOL
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has publicly expressed the happiness
of the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) over the presence ii
Grenada of the St Georges University School of Medicine.
"We are-very conscious of the benefits which the School has brought
to our people and our country over the years", he.said, "in terms of
jobs, foreign exchange, direct Government revenue, and in terms of
scholarships for Grenadians: to attend the School."
Mr Bishop was speaking at a Graduation Ceremony of the School held
on May 16th at the National Conference Centre at Grand Anse. He
said Grenada also has brought benefits to the students of the
school and he is confident there can be no more beautiful site to
Study in than this island.
Mr Bishop said there are rumours from time to time about the demise
of the School, that the school is not doing as well as it should
and that the PRG does not want the School in Grenada.
It is patent, he said, these rumours are groundless because, not
only was the School graduating another class, but eminent pro-
fessors fromdifferent parts of the world have come to lecture to
students drawn from 31 different countries.
"Most significantly of all", the Prime Minister said, "the records
will show that of all overseas medical schools, the St Georges
School of Medicine has today justifiably earned a reputation of
being the most outstanding of the lot."
As far as the attitude of the Government to the School is concerned,
he continued, not only is the PRG happy to have the School in
Grenada but, last September, a high level joint committee of the
School and the Government was established under the chairmanship
of Mr Lauriston Wilson, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of
Week Ending 29.5.82
Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.5.82
Since its appointment, Mt Bishop said, this Committee has done a great
deal of work to ensure that whatever problems and bottlenecks ari3e
are solved and dealt with promptly.
MEDICAL SCHOOL HAS IMPORTANT PROBLEM
Delivering the Commencement Address on May 16th.at the graduation
ceremony of 119 students of the St Georges University School of
Medicine, Professor Harold J Simon of the School's Board of
Academic Trustees disclosed-to the graduating class what he con-
siders the School's most important problem.
"Your early clinical training had to be accomplished without access
to a 'St Georges University Teaching Hospital* ", he said. "Your
first clinical experiences were diverse, varied and occurred in
widely scattered institutions. No one philosophy or agreed-upon
set of standards prevailed where you were trained."
Professor Simon said, because of this, there is some doubt as :to
..:hether the entire class had the opportunity to observe and learn
from "truly superb teachers of clinical medicine", and it is only
,uch teachers who should serve as the students' role models, teachers
":In this context", he said, "I am really talking as much to us, the
facultyy the Administration and the Board of Academic Trustees, as
I am talking to you (the graduates). I am addressing those whose
clearly defined task it must now be to develop the School's educat-
ional programmes and provide clinical facilities at least to the
same high levels as have been achieved here in the pre-clinical di-
The Member of the Board of Academic Tristees said he had watched the
graduating class and other classes for the last 31 years and he
thought them, collectively, as good as any other group of medical
students he has seen. ,,On the basis of their demonstrated per-
sistence and perseverance, he feels there is reason .to expect they
will acquire, eventually, the necessary self-discipline and
thorsogutgese of approach to their patients which are, he said, at
once the hallmarks and bare essentials of the good physician.
Professor Simon is professor of Community Medicine and Director of
the International Health Programmes at the University of California
San Diego School of Medicine.
Week Ending 29..82 THE GRENADA NELeTIR Page 11
SIR GORDON WOLSTBNHOLMB MADE HONCOURARY M.D.
Sir Gordon Wolstenholme, .a member of the British General Medical
Council, was awarded on May 16th an Honourary Degree in medicine at
the graduating ceremony of 119 students of the St Georges Univer-
sity School of Medicine.
This is the first Honorary-Degree awarded by the School and the
Laudatory Address-was delivered by Sir Graham Bull, a British
Physician who is a member of the British Medical Research Council.
Giving Sir Gordon's background, Sir Graham said he was born in 19131
was educated at Cambridge and, qualifying as a doctor in the late
1930s, joined the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War II.
Following the War, Sir Graham said, Sir Gordon had been, throughout
his career, closely associated with medical education including the
establishment of new universities and university colleges in
Britain, Ethiopia-, Venezuela and now St Georges University in
Grenada as Chairman of the Board of Academic Trustees.
Sir Graham named several influential Medical Bodies in.Britain with
which Sir Gordon has been associated during his-career, .and said he
is still Chairman of the Discipline Committee of the British General
In Britain-, Sir Graham said, the qualifying degree is a "Bachelor of
Medicine" and a "Bachelor of Surgery" and, therefore, Sir Gordon
does not-hold the degree of M.D,, "Doctor of Medicine!%. He thought
it appropriate, therefore, that it is this degree being conferred
on him by the School.
In accepting the Honorary Degree, Sir Gordon said it was a wonder-
ful thing "in this sof- and pleasant fashion" to be allowed to join
the graduates who had attained their M.D. degrees in the hard way.
"But I assure you, for the benefit of everyone", he said humourous-
ly, "that I have no intention of now seeking a residency !".
GG TALKS TO TEACHERS
The oost widely discussed issues facing the world today are the need
for peace, easing of racial tensions and problems of the Third World
with particular reference to poverty, malnutrition and unemployment.
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon expressed this view on May 20th as
he addressed the Annual Conference of the Association of Anglican
Teachers held under the chairmanship of the.Anglican Archdeacon of
Grenada, the Right Reverend Hoskins Huggins.
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Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.5.82
"Young people the world over have become very aware of these issues and
are beginning to feel it is their moral responsibility to share the
anxieties and difficulties'of less fortunate people both in their own
countries and beyond'", Sir Paul said.
Apart from these global issues, the Governor General said, there are
the effects of travel and emigration. Traditional values are being
eroded, he said, there is a "loosening up" of family lAfe, greater
social awareness and a willingness by women to play a vital role in
"These must have implications for the school and more particularly for
the teacher", Sir Paul said.
The Governor General told the Conference the teacher must make greater
efforts to understand his pupils who are growing up in a society
different from the one the teacher knew in his youth, and he must also
understand and interpret the nature of his social -environment.
"He should understand the meaning of sociall justice' which involves
the total.health of the State and not merely concepts of equality or
the levelling down or reduction of standards to arrive at some com-
.mon denominator", he said.
Sir Paul told the teachers they must vigorously and unceasingly
unhold Christian values which, he said, form the very ethos of the
Crenadian society, and they must do everything possible to ensure
their own personal growth.
The teacher must be in the vanguard of educational change for the bet-
ter, the Governor General said, and his qualities of leadership and
exemplary conduct, in and out of school, will ensure that Grenadian
children will grow up in an environment free from animosity and
tolerant of the views of others.
";-? :.. , ..T* -
PRG PROTESTS EXCLUSION FROM SAID STUDY
A formal complaint has been laid against Grenadats exclusion from a
study done by the United States Agency For International Development
(USAID) to gather information prior to USAID consideration of fund-
ing after 1983 for the 'Family Nurse Practitioner Training Pro-
This Programme trains a new category of health worker intended to
function in primary health care, dealing with preventative as well
as curative medicine, and is sponsored jointly by the United Nations
Family Planning Association, Pan American Health Organisation and
the Caribbean Community.
- continued -
THE GRENARA NEd2 2I TER
The complaint was 1~id by Ms. Dorcas Braveboy, Permanent Secretary
in the Ministry of Health, at the 4th tri-partied and policy com-
mittee meeting of Governments participating in the Programme when
that meeting was held in St Vincent on May 13th and 14th.
According to a release from the Government Information Service, the
USAID representative at the me 'ing gave no "excuse" for Grenada's
exclusion from the study but said a copy of the report on the study
will be submitted to Grenada.
Other Caribbean countries having Family Nurse practitioners are
Sp Vincent, St Lucia, Dominica, Montserrat and Antigua.
WESTINDIES JAYCEES PRESIDENT VISITS J
Mr Hu Whittaker, Jamaica born Jaycees Westindies President, arrived
in Grenada on May 18th on an official visit to the Jaycees Grenada
Mr Whittaker, who was elected to the post of President of the West-
indies Jaycees at the organisation's 21st National Convention held in
Jamaica last September, told NEWSILTTER that the Grenada Chapter is'-
not as active as it might be and he hoped his visit would stimulate
"In the opinion of the Westindies Jaycees", he said, "we feel the
Jaycees in Grenada could be much more active in the development of
Grenada and the community."
Mr Whittaker said a Vice-President of the Westindies Jaycees, Trini-,
dad based Mr Ray Brathwaite, has been assigned the responsibility
for the Grenada Chapter and, together with the Westindies Jaycee
Executive, Mr Brathwaite will give the Grenada Chapter every ass-
istance in making a contribution to the development of the Grenad-
The President said the Westindies Jaycees covers 12 English-speaking
Caribbean countries with 39 National Chapters having a total mem-
bership of some 1,500. This membership, he said, is not con-
sidered adequate and 'incentive programmes' are being undertaken
this year with the aim of a 15% growth.
Together with members of the Executive of the Grenada Chapter,
Mr Whittaker paid a courtesy call on May 19th on Governor General
Sir Paul Scoon and later on that day paid a similar call on Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop.
Before coming to Grenada, the President visited the Jaycees in
St Vincent and, and when he left Grenada on May 20th, his travel
schedule took him to the Chapters in St.Lucia, Barbados, Antigua,
Week Ending 291;5.82
Page 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.5.82
Montserrat and St Kitts/Nevis before his return to Jamaica..
SEMINAR ON DISASTER 'PREPAREDNESS
Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman, on May 21st,.officially opened a
seminar aimed at alerting and training regional Governments to 'be pre-
pared and equipped for disaster.
Organised by the Antigua based Pan Caribbean Disaster Preparedness &
Prevention Project (PDPPP),.and attended by 25 delegates from the
Caribbean and Latin America, the seminar was jointly sponsored by
the United Nations Office of the Disaster Relief Fund and its donor
organizations, the United States Agency for International Develop-
ment, Pan American Health Organisation, the Caribbean Community and
the European Economic Community.
Mr Whiteman reminded the delegates that, in 1979 and 1980, the Carib-
bean was Struck by two severe hurricanes and he warned there can be
no complacency in preparing to meet disasters such as these.
Reporting on the Minister's address, Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said
Mr Whiteman told the delegates they should take into account the fact
that c6ouitript in the region are located along major shipping lines
"and noted the new threat as a result."
According to RFG, Mr Whiteman claimed that, to avoid this "new
threat", countries in the region should join in putting an end to
foreign military manoeuvers in the Caribbean..
Participants in the seminar comprise the Steering Committee of the
PDPPP which held its first meeting in Antigua in November 1981, and
it was expected they would receive a report on project activities
and discuss possible moderation of the Project's operations after
FWI GETS BC$1 MILLION EQUIPMENT
Radio Free Grenada (RFG) disclosed on May 22nd that equipment valued
at over EC$1 million has been added to the plant of the Government
owned and operated "Free West Indian" (FWI) newspaper.
RFG said the'equipment was installed by 5 'internationalist workers'
from the German Democratic Republic' (GDR), and four of these workers
returned home on May 22nd.
At a farewell function on May.21st, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
expressed his Government's appreciation of the assistance given by
Week Ending. 29.5.82 THE. GRENADA. NEWSETER Page 15
"The bas s on. which we can how move to this new level of applied
science and technology'~, he said, "was provided because of the inter,
nationalisii of a country that, itself, is now developing fast into
being a very modern, very developed society."
RFG said the new equipment Will improve the quality of FWI but its
ultimate objective is publication of a daily newspaper. FWI is
pow published twice weekly.
GAIRYIS "FACTS" ANALYSED
A correspondent of NEWSLETTER in New York has sent this publication
a clipping of an article written by deposed Prime Minister of .
Grenada, Eric Gairy., and published in the December 31st 1981 issue
of "The News World".
Several statements in that article do not accord with fact and the
following analysis is for the information of subscribers.
With reference to the events of March 13th 1979 when the revolution
took place, Mr Gairy states ....
"Waiting inconspicuously in the outer harbour of St Georges
was a Cuban ship laden with ammunition for use if the
'seizure' or 'hijack' went well; ..... the bulk of the
ammunition was landed later that day,"
St Georges outer harbour is an open roadstead. There are seldom
more than two or three ships anchored there at a time and it is im.'
possible for any ship to be "waiting inconspicuously" there. Ac-
cording to records of Lloyds Agents at Grenada, 4 ships were at
St Georges on March 13th 1979. Of these, three were tourist
liners, the "Statendam", "Angelina Lauro" and "Ivan Franco",
registered respectively at Curacao, Italy and the USSR. The fourth
ship was the "Geestcrest", a United Kingdom registered banana boat.
The three tourist liners arrived on March 13th and left the same
day; the "Geestcrest" arrived on March 12th and left on March 13th.
Prior to that date, the last ship of Cuban registry to report at
Grenada was the "Vietnam Heroco". She arrived at the island on
28th September 1978 with a cargo cf cement. following March 13th
1979, the next ship of Cuban registry to report was the "Martanzas".
She arrived fromn Cuba with a cargo ot ar arm ar unitaim cn pril 14th.
According to Mr Gairy, referring to the attack of the New Jewel
Movement (NJM) forces on th4 military barracks at True Blue .....
"The onslaught was accomplished by 6.well trained Cuban
guerilla officers and 10 Grenadians, while Bishop and
fellow revolutionaries hid about half a mile away
TH'E GRENADA. NWWSLTTER
awaiting.results. ..Twenty-two men perished 20 in burning
dormitory buildings and two by gunfire."
In a country of Grenada's small size with some 110 thousand inhabitants
it would be impossible to:conceal the deaths of 22 aen, and there have
been no reports of persons missing. .On the day of the revolution,
2 men died by gunfire. They are Hyacinth Brizan, an officer of the
Defence oorce and Godwin Pysadee, a policeman.
Concerning the charge that Cubans were involved in the attack on the
barracks, this allegation has. een made previously and has been denied
by the Peoples Refolutionary Government (PRG). There is no evidence
to prove or disprove the allegation.
In his article, Mr Gairy says ...
"...more than 50% of the lawyers have left (Grenada) including Sir
Denis Henry, Queens Council ....." and "*.., .the Deputy Prime
Minister's wife has returned to her native Jamaica. ...-
The "yellow pages" of the 1979 Grenada telephone directory list 29,
barristers, 5 of which are no longer in practice at this time. They
are Messrs Maurice Bishop and Kendrick Radix, members of the. PRG,,
Mr Derek Knight, a member of the overthrown Gairy Government, r:ho
fled from Grenada, t-mABon DeFreitas who left Grenada after a con-
frontation with the PRG and Mr Armand Williams whose reasons fort
emigrating are unknown.
The 1980 directory (the last published) lists the 24 remaining'
barristers and adds 7 new names. There are three more names which
have been omitted in error and, when these are added, the number of
barristers in Grenada at the end of 1980 was 34.
Sources close to the Grenada Law Society confirm that, of this number~
28 are still in Grenada, one is dead and five have left the island.
Of these five, the sources say only one is known to have left be-
cause of the revolution.
Among the five is Sir Denis Henry, mentioned by Mr Gairy, but the
sources say his emigration to the United Kingdom was for purely
personal reasons. NEWSLETTER has been advised that, far from
having left Grenada because of disenchantment with the PRG, since
taking up residence in the U.K., Sir Denis has accepted appointment
as Overseas Advisor to a Statutory Body, the Grenada Cooperative
The Law.Society sources said also that, o the barristers in
Grenada, two are not in practice because they are being held in
detention by the PRG. They are Messrs Lloyid Noel and Tilman
Thomas who were arrested on July llth 1981 and against whom no
charges have been laid.
Week Ending 29.5.82
Week Ending 29.5.82 THE GRNADA NEWSLETTER Page 17
With reference to Mr Gairy's claim that Mrs Phyllis Coard, wife of
Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard "has'returned to her native
Jamaica", since publication of Mr Gairy's article, Mrs ,Coard has
been seen frequently in public. A check by NEWSLETTER with the
Ministry of Education confirmed that Mrs Coard maintains an Office
in that Ministry as Secretary (Junior Minister) for Women's Affairs
and she is President of the National Women's Organisation.
Attack On Police Station
Mr Gairy says that ....
"In November 1973, Bishop and his gang attacked the Grenville
Police Station ....."
This is a repetition of an allegation made by Mr Gairy to the Duffus
Commission which probed the breakdown of law and order &bd Police
brutality in Grenada in 1973 and 1974. The Commissioners found
there had been no .such attack and.further that there was no evidence
to support even the "alleged rumour" that Mr Bishop and the NJM had
conspired to make such an attack.
Mr Gairy claims to have had "27 major honours" conferred on him,
"including 5 Knighthoods, the last presented by Her Majesty Queen
Elizabeth II ..... "
During his regime, Mr Gairy announced, from time to time, that
honours had been confered on him and, of these, NEWSLETTER has in-
timate knowledge of the Circumstances surrounding two Knighthoods.
In the first of these, Mr Gairy announced that he had been made a
"Knight of Toledo" by the Archbishop of Toledo in Spain. Inves-
tigating this, NEWSLETTER contacted the Archbishop who advised that
he had not conferred any honour on Mr Gairy.
In the second case, there is no doubt that Mr Gairy was knighted by
the Queen of England. Within days of the publication of the
news of this, however, the then British High Commissioner to Grenada
visited the island and sought an interview with NEWSLETTER's Editor
and the Editor of the "Torchlight". In that interview, the
Commissioner pointed out that, in the award of Colonial Honours,
the Queen awards these Honours only on the recommendation of the
Government of the country in which the award is made.
AMBASSADORS PRESENT CREDENTIALS
The issue of the Government Gazette of April 16th reports that
Mr Gombosurer Dashdava, Non-Resident Ambassador of Mongolia, pre-
sented Letters of Recall of his predecessor, Mr Ochiryn Tsend, to
Governor general Sir Paul Scoon on March 17th.
- continued -
Page 18 .THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.5.82
Two other Non-Resident Ambassadors to-Grenada have presented their
credentials to thd Governor General according to .the Government
Gazette of April 30th. They.are Dr Janko Lazarevski of the
Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia and Mr Antonio NVillalva Acevedo of
DI Lazarevski called on Sir Paul on March 30th and Mr Villalva
Acevedo on March 10th.
PENNY BANK HAS SUCCESSFUL YEAR
The Grenada Cooperative Bank. (affectionately called the "Penny Bank"),
had another successful year n 1981 and, for the third consecutive
year, has paid dividends'of 10% on preference~shares-and 15% on
This is disclosed in the Report. of the Directors presented at the
Annual General Meeting on M4y 6th, ad. the Directors have expressed
satisfaction with the Bank's progress.
"Shereholders will note that the overall increase in the net income
for 1981, a, compared with 1980, is 57.9% which the Directors con-
sider, an pancpuraging growth rate", 4te reportt sys ,
According to ;the, Directors, the. Bank't branches at Grewnville and
Sauteurs continue to-show satisfactory progress and have increased
consliderAgbly thoix ah.r Nr4.o--f *t1 bankjng services offered to the
respective communities .
.Te tank-s net profit -or the year ending 30th September 1981t after
provision for income tax, is EC$140,233 to which was added a balance
of BC$35,230 brought forward from the previous year. This makes a
total of BC$175,463, of which EC$57,240, has been allocated for
dividends, EC$25,000 has been ttA~defered to General Reserve, the
provision for doubtful loans has been increased by BC$25,000 and
EC$68,223: represents retained earnings at .the end of the 1981
trading year. .
[GRENADA CO-OPERATIVE BANK LIMITED
300 5% to 10% Preference shares of EC$100 each EC$ 30,000
8,500 Ordinary Shares of 9C$iOO each 850,000
120,00 Ordinary Shares of BC$1 each 120,000
100,000 Ordinary Shares of EC$5 each 500,000
300 Preference Shares of EC$100 BC$ 30,000
2,416 Ordinary Shares of EC$1QO each 241,600
i120,000 Ordinary Shares of BC$I each 120,000
; Bs; 391.600
__ ~ ~~
~~11___ ___ I
Week End ing 29' .5.82
Grenada Co-Operative Bank Limited
SStatement Of Earnings And,,Retained Ea~nings
For The Year Ended 3Qth September 1981
J^ W^^-- ^WI"* "- "i -- -- '-- -- L,"^"^'-'-
st received. EC$1,095,389
'est 'paid 417,215'
neous InCome 27., 289
SGener&l & Administrative. Expenses 92,707
Direct expenses (St Georges & branches) 381,327
e O44,t 34 io
yet Operaton2 Income 231,429
Net Income before Income Tax
BC$ 232,149 Ea
Provision' Fr Income Ta-"
Net Income For Year
Retained Earnings, beginning of year
Preference Shares 10% gross E
$100 Ordinary Shares15% gross
$1 Ordinary Shares 15% gross
Increase in provision for doubtful loans
Transfer to General Reserve
Retained Earnings, end of year EC
"DEPENDENCY SYNDROME" OF CARICOM ECONOMIES
Deputy Minister of Finance Mr Lyden Ramdhanny has described Gree-.
nada's economy and the economies of the countries of the Caribbean
Community as functioning within the "dependency syndrome".
Mr Ramdhanny expressed this view"as he addressed a meeting of the
Board of Governors of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) held in
St Lucia from lith to 13th May.
"For example", he said, "we recognize and experience that the terms
of trade continue to move against us, with possible disastrous
effect on the socio-economic conditions of our countries."
Mr Ramdhanny, who was deputising for Mr Bernard Coard, Minister of
Finance and Grenada's representative on the CDB Board of Governors,
THE GREi4ADA NEWSLETTER
--- --- ---
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
"l~lllll | ii *1 L ::
was hopeful that, by pursuing prudent economic policies, the problems
of the region can be overcome, and he reported to the meeting what he
called the "modest achievements" in Grenada's national economic ob-
"We have achieved", he said, "in spite of the numerous obstacles which
have been consciously and unconsciously placed in our path, 2% real
growth in gross domestic product in 1979, 3.1% in 1980 and another 2%
The construction and agricultural sectors have led Grenada's develop-
ment efforts, he said, inflation has been contained at 10%, national
average increase in wages was 17.3% and domestic investment in-the
economy (in which Government played a leading role accounting for
over 90%) has grown from EC$34.5 million in 1979 to EC$77.9 million
in 1981. Mr Ramdhanny said also that unemployment had been re-
duced from 50,% of the labour force to 27%.
In an obvious reference to the United States proposal to channel funds
through the CDB on condition that Grenada did not benefit, Mr Ram-
dhanny placed on record Grenada's appreciation for "the firm and -
principled position taken against the machinations of a particular
done country which tried to violate the Rules and Charter of our
"The Government and people of Grenada are extremely grateful.for the
firm stand which was adopted on this matter", he said.
The Board of Governors meeting in St Lucia received the CDB Annual
Report for 1981 which has the following comments on Grenada :-
"Unfavourable publicity abroad, heavy rains and depressed
international prices for its export crops adversely affec-
ted Grenada's economic performance in 1981. The tourism
sector, in particular, fared very badly, experiencing de-
clines in stay-over vii3toxs and cruise ship passengers of.
16% (after a decline of 9% the year before) and 47% respec-
tivly, a performance which the Government attributes to
several factors, including the 1981 recession in most indu's-
tralised countries, a fire in the country's largest hotel
and unfavorable reports in the international press. Sig-
.nificant progress was made on the construction of the new
9,000 foot airport runway.
"Production in the agricultural sector generally increased
considerably. However, depressed international prices ser-
iously affected export earnings. While cocoa production in-
creased by 43%, the highest level achieved since 1976, cocoa
export earnings increased by only 6%, as a result of depressed
prices on the international markets. Nutmeg prices also de-
creased, so that although production increased by 18% from 3.4
million pounds in 1980 to 3.8 million pounds in 1981, export
earnings declined by 6% from $8.6 million to $8.1 million. Bad
weather affected banana production and led to'a3.5% decline in
its volume of exports from 26.4 million pounds in 1980 to 25.5
million pounds in 1981.
"The non-traditional export crops performed well during the
year, as the value and volume ef exported fresh fruit more
than doubled. In agro-industry, the Government's food pro-
cessing plant at True Blue became fully operational and gen-
erated a profit of approximately $0.1 million. The plant pro-
duces a wide range of food products including jams, jellies and
nectars for domestic consumption and exports."
Alister Hughes ynthia Hughes
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies
Week Ending 29.5.82