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FOUNDED 17TH, AUGUST 1973
For The Week Ending.May lst 1982
lOth Year of Publication - 268th Issue
BISHOP CHARGES U.S. ENDANGERS LIAT PASSENGERS
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told a May Day rally here on May Is
that, on Monday April 26th, Pearls Airport in Grenada received a
message from the Trinidad authorities that the United States
would be conducting military manoeuvers "25 miles on either side
of the air space" used by Liat aircraft serving the Eastern
"As a result of this message", Mr Bishop said, "the Trinidad
authorities were no longer-able to provide proper technical or
electronic coverage to thost Liat pilots'who were flying the
planes .and, therefore, instead of relying on all of.the sophis-
ticated and powerful equipment, the Liat pilots had to use their
eyes for 50 miles of the danger zone that the Americans had to
The Prime Minister said this created a dangerous situation
which t lives in danger, and he thought the United States
has e h air space of its own, or could use air space out
over e Atlantic for its maneuvers instead of jeopardising
passengers using the Liat planes.
Mr Bishop said that,.on April 30th, the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) sent a "firm and sharp" protest to the
United States pointing out that the question of giving ade-
quate notice of the holding of these manoeuvers in Grenada's
air space is not the question.
"The question", he said, "is one of getting permission and, if
no permission is given, please don't come up at all in our air
space." continued -
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies
Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1.5.82
The Prime Minister told his listeners that they would have noticed
planes and helicopters flying off the island's south coast at night.
This "illegal violation of Grenada's air space" is part of the
American manoeuvers, he said, and the Americans seem to believe they
have the right to do what they like, flying over Grenada's land, des-
troying the island's commercial traffic, and taking their "guns and
battleships" into Grenada's territorial waters.
"But, once again, we want to say to these Americans of Ronald Reagan",
Mr Bishop said, "that, while they can fly their planes and bring their
big ships, and their planes can shoot at our people and cur land, and
while those ships can bomb our country, we want them to understand
that, unless they plan to bomb out the whole island and to kill all of
our people, whenever they land, we will burst their backsides and send
The Prime Minister said it is a matter for thankfulness that Grenada
has workers who have fought to defend the gains of the revolution,
who have crushed counter revolution, who are the eyes, ears and nose
of the revolution, "workers who are armed and, with their guns in
their hands, will fight any enemy that lands on our shores."
.* | **.. . A .
PRG PROTESTS U.S. MANOEUVERS
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) protested to the United
States on April 30th against what the PRG calls the United States
"total disregard for Grenada's sovereignty".
This disregard, the protest says, is evinced by the holding of the
current U.S. "Ocean Venture 1982.} manoeuvers in the Eastern Carib-
bean, and the PRG questions the United States authority to "declare
a danger zone within this country's economic zone" without consult-
"This declaration of a danger zone so close to Grenada", the protest
says, "rnust be viewed most seriously since it follows in the wake of
the most vicious diplomatic, political and propaganda destabilisation
and economic aggression against Grenada."
The PRG told the U.S. that the holding of the manoeuvers shows total
and contemptuous disregard for the legitimate aspirations of the
Governments and peoples of the Caribbean to having the region declar-
ed and respected as a zone of peace.
A. ./ . '.:
Week Ending 1.5.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
NEW LAWS BENEFIT WORKERS
The Peoples Revolutionary Government has passed three laws which
bring particular benefits.to workers in the State.
This was disclosed by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop as he addressed
a May Day rally held here on My Ist at Queens Park, and he names the
laws as "Workmen's Compensation", "Third Party Insurance" and "Rent
Outlining some details of these laws, Mr Bishop said that, previously,
workmen's compensation insurance paid only BC$1,920.00 as compensat-
ion for loss of life on the job. Under the new law, this figure
is raised to a minimum of EC$6,000.OO. Compensation for perma-
nent injury has been raised from EC$1,698.00 to EC$8,O00.00 and,
generally, the new law increases the number and range of injuries for
which: compensation will be paid.
The new third party insurance law affects the minimum insurance with
which passengers o public buses must be covered.
"Under the existing laws up to yesterday", the Prime Minister said,
"buses had the right to insure themselves for one injury in an
accident, for only EC$4,800.00. Up to yesterday, buses had the
right to insure themselves for all injuries on the bus up to
Under the new third party insurance law, Mr Bishop said, buses must
now be insured for injuries up to EC$100,000.00.
The new rent restriction law provides that all landlords must have
themselves registered with the Rent Assessment Board within the next
90 days, and must have their rents approved.
Each Parish is to have its own 3-person Board which will be comprised
of non-legal persons appointed from a panel of 6 to 9 people recom-
mended by the mass organizations, trade unions, Chamber of Commerce,
Employers Federation and other sectors of the community. The Board
will be headed by a Chairman appointed from the panel by the Minister
of Housing, and it will be the duty of the Chairman to select members
from the panel to deal with each case.
"What remains to be done", Mr Bishop said, "is that we now have to
decide, as a people, what amount of rent we want to determine as the
cut-off point for the application of this law."
The Prime Minister said that this law is intended for the workers and
poor people of the country, and those who are living in high rent
houses will not have the benefits of this law but must continue to
use the normal existing provisions of the law. The new law will
apply to people paying low rentals, and he asked the views of the
public so that, over the next three months, a decision can be made as
to the range of rentals to which the new law will apply. (ends)
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1.5.82
BOMB BLAST 7 COMMITTED TO ASSIZES
The preliminary hearing into the "Bomb Blast" murders was concluded
it the St Georges Magistrates Court on April 27th, -and-seven person
have been committed to stand trial at:the June Assizes.
At a rally on June 19th 1980, a bomb exploded killing 3 persons and
injuring several others, and charged with this offence under the
Terrorism (Prevention) Law are Layne Phillip, Russel, Roland and
Kenneth Budhlall, Eddie Richardson and two women, Fitzlyn Joseph and
On the final day of the hearing before Magistrate Lyle St Paul, all
the accused except Kenneth Budhlall gave statements which the
Director of Public Prosecutions, Jamaica-born Mr Langston Sibbles,
told'the Court are confessions of guilt.
The accused, Eddie Richardson, also made a statement in which he
retracted his previous statement charging that he had been tortured
and forced to make a confession. Richardson said he had not
been tortured and that his retraction of that charge was being made
of his own free will.
Russel Budhlall and Kenneth Budhlall, respectively, were originally
represented by barristers Messrs Tillman Thomas and Lloyd Noel, but
these two barristers have been detained by the Peoples Revolutionary
Government since July last for alleged counter-revolutionary
Both Mr Noel and Mr Thomas were associated with publication of the
"Grenadian Voice" newspaper which, last June, was banned by retro-
active legislation of the PRG. Mr Noel, formerly a close
associate of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, resigned,on 9th June
1980, from the post of Acting Attorney General & Minister of Legal
Affairs in the PRG, because of "differences of opinion".
Barrister Mr Ben Jones now appears for Layne Phillip and Barrister
Michael Andrews for the others.
JOURNALISTS CONDEMN U.S.
The United States of America and the Reagan Administration were
specifically condemned and attacked in Resolutions passed and in
the Final Declaration adopted by the Journalists Conference which
held its last plenary session here on April 19th.
This Conference, the first of its kind for regional journalists,
-.as sponsored jointly by the International Organisation of
journalistss (IOJ), the Latin American Federation of Journalists
and the Media Workers Association of Free Grenada, and was opened
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
at the Conference Centre at Grand Anse on April 17th by Prime Min-
ister Maurice Bishop.
In a Resolution on Grenada, "United States Imperialism" is accused
of economic sabotage against Grenada,, and of promoting the training
of mercenaries on U.S.soil for an invasion of the island.
The Resolution says U.S. maneuvers in the Caribbean threaten the
safety and security of Grenadians, and that'the "media monopolies of
the Caribbean and North America" have aimed a systematic campaign f
propaganda destabilisation against the Grenada revolution.
A resolution on El Salvador charges "United States Imperialism" wi h
preventing the El Salvadorian people fiom attaining 'self-determina.-
ion, and demands "the withdrawal of United States forces in El Sal-
In a further Resolution, the Conference expresses solidarity with the
people of Cuba, Nic.aragua, Surinam and Grenada and condemns the
"slanderous propaganda campaign, economic sabotage- and threats of in-
vasion, in particular by the Reagan Adminitration, against the heroic
and revolutionary people of Grenada, Cuba and Nicaragua."
In the Final Declaration of the-Conference, the journalists condemn
United States military maneuvers in the Caribbean, and call for a
cancellation of the U.S. "Ocean Venture'1982" manoeuvers then
scheduled to be held in the Caribbean shortly.
"In this concern also", the Declaration says, "we condemn the military
component of the so-called Caribbean Basin Initiative, and view this
and all other aspects of this Plan as an insult to the integrity,
dignity and national sovereignty of our people."
The Conference was attended by 56 journalists from the Caribbean
region, representing 7 media organizations and 41 publications from
22 countries in the region, according to a release from the Confer-
The Conference ended on April 20th.
PRG COMMENDED FOR "COMMITMENT TO PRESS FREEDOM"
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) and the Government of Cuba
have been commended for setting examples in democratisationn of the
This commendation is in the Final Declaration of the Journalists'
Conference which opened in Grenada on April 17th and held its last
plenary session on April 19th.
Week Ending 1.5.82
?age 6 THE GRENADA NE3SLETTER week Ednaling 1.5.82
"As a step towards the development of a media in the region which truly
serves the interests and aspirations of our own people", the Declar-
ation says, "we are of the view that democratization of the media, that
is$ removing them from the control of private interests and placing
them in the hand and at the service of our peoples, must be on the
agenda of every journalists. organisation and an aim of every patrio-
tic journalist in the region."
"In the light of this",, the Declaration continues, "we commend the
Peoples Revolutionary Government of Grenada and the Government of Cuba
for setting examples in this area, and in particular, the Grenadian
Government for demonstrating its commitment to press freedom by
creating the climate within Which the Media Workers Association of
Free Grenada could host this first Conference of Journalists from
the Caribbean area." *
5i:^^'". '4 -v l:
JOURNALISTS CHARGE DISCRIMINATION AND RACISM
'" - .": 1 -- .... r i---
The 4-day Journalists Conference which ended in Grenada on April
20th, passed a Resolution charging that "the people of the Caribbean,
of Jamaica and Barbados in particular, and the journalists of these
countries, were the subject of discrimination and racism by members
of the entourage of United States President Ronald Reagan who visit-
ed the Caribbean recently ...."
The Resolution says Barbadian journalists were physically assaulted
and were not given equal access facilities provided for their
American counterparts. In Jamaica, the Resolution says, racist
remarks were made against journalists.
The Governments of Barbados and Jamaica took no steps to ensure equal
treatment of journalists in their countries covering the Reagan visit,
the Resolution says, and it states that any assessment of the Reagan
visit must address the problems encountered by the journalists.
The Resolution calls on the Governments of Jamaica and Barbados to
"demand an apology from the American Government for the insultive
(sic) remarks made by their representatives visiting the Caribbean",
and demands that, in future, Caribbean Governments make "adequate
arrangements for equal status and facilities for journalists from
the respective countries, as those agreed on for foreign journalists
**~-:; . ~'"S
A ~ O ~r~ 1
----- --l--I---L ----C---~'-~L
REGIONAL JOURNALISTS URGED TO ORGANISE
Journalists and media workers in the region have been urged to take
the necessary steps to organise themselves in associations, unions
or other bodies deemed fit to counter a "wave of repressive measures
perpetrated, not only by Governments, but also by the owners and/or
administrators of private media houses and of multinational press
This is expressed in a Resolution on "Freedom of the Press in the
Caribbean Region" passed by.a Journalists Conference which wound up
in Grenada on April 20th.
The Resolution charges there is widespread harassment, discrimination
victimisation, censorship and repression of media workers to varying
extents, and that Haiti, Jamaica, Guyana, Colombia, Guatemala and
El Salvador are "outstanding" in 'this regard.
There was controversy in deciding on the wording qf this Resolution
when a delegate from Martinique wished to amend the draft Resolution
to indicate that repression of media workers is not confined to any
particular political persuasion.
The original wording of the Resolution charged that attacks on media
workers are made by various means and on the part of various Govern-
ments". The delegate wished the Resolution to say that these
Governments are "of every political tendency."
This proposed amendment to the wording was supported by Mr Hubert
Williams, Editor of the Caribbean News Agency canaA), who said re-
pression in the Caribbean takes place under various political sys-
tems. In one system or another,,he said, the journalist finds
himself with problems if he reports the facts as he sees them,
"In these circumstances", Mr Williams said, "Caribbean journalists
are facing the fire from the left and the right and, if we close our
eyes to that fact, we are closing our eyes to reality."
The Martiniquan amendment, on being put to the vote, was defeated by
an overwhelming majority.
The Resolution calls on "Governments in the region and also the
owners of private media houses to cease victimisation, censorship,
harassment, discrimination and repression of media workers."
It calls also on "Governments in particular territories to withdraw
all legislation and decrees that impinge.on the freedom of journal-
ista and media workers to carry out their legitimate and professional
duties of informing the people of their countries to better equip
them for contribution to the struggle for national development,
liberation and the New World Information Order".
Week Endina 1.5.82
THE GRENADIAN NEWSLETTER
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1.5.82
CARD: GRENA.LLANS' INVOLVEMENT INCREASING
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Bernard Coard gave
examples on April 19th of methods used by the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) to "increase and heighten the level of involved
ment, participation, consciousness and organisation" of Grenadians.
Mr Coard was speaking at a press conference of journalists attending
a Journalists' Conference which opened in Grenada on April 17th.
"We have seen this in the enormous development of the mass organ-
isations", he said, "to the point whereby the National Women's
Organisation has as its active membership one in every three
women in the country: to a point where the National Youth Organ-
isation has within its membership approximately one in every three
youths in the country."
Mr Coard said the Trade Union Movement has moved from a position
of representing only a tiny percentage of workers to a situation
where, largely as a result of legislation passed by the PRG
guaranteeing the right of workers to join a trade union, the
the number of workers in trade unions is overwhelmingly the major-
ity of workers.
Apart from the mass organizations, the Deputy Prime Minister said,
there has been development of Parish Councils and Zonal Councils.
Originally, he said, there had been 7 Parish Councils, one for
each Parish but, because of public response, this had to be ex-
panded, first of all to 18 Zonal Councils and now to 36 Zonal
"At these meetings", he said, "Ministers of Government attend and,
so to speak, 'face the music', and technocrats, bureaucrats and
Public Servants who are in charge of different projects and pro-
grammes, have also to explain what they are doing and account for
shortcomings, face criticisms as well as proposals coming from
Mr Coard said public participation has been encouraged also by
involving the mass organizations, senior citizens, the Chamber of
Commerce, the Employers Federation and the Hotel Association and
others in formulating the Budget and Plan for 1982.
That Budget and Plan, the Minister said, was formulated after
intense discussion by the people beginning with a Conference of
Delegates from the mass organizations and continuing at the
level of Zonal Councils. The final Budget was then being
printed, Mr Coard said, and probably would be available in two
Week Ending 1.5.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
CARD SAYS PRIVATE SECTOR HAS ROLE TO PLAY
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) feels that the Private
Sector has a definite role to play in Grenada's economy and society
and in the countryts development, but has made it clear that the
Government's focus of concern is the broad masses of the people.
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister ,of Finance Bernard Coard dis-
closed this on April 19th at a press conference of journalists att-
ending a conference here.
Over the last three years, he said, the vast majority of the Prim tc
Sector has taken a patriotic position, not a position of agreemer
with the Government, but of putting the interests of the country
before the interests of "imperialism".
The Minister referred to publication recently of an interview gi. n
by President of the Chamber of Commerce Mr David Minors (given t,
NEWSLETTER's Editor, see page 20 of NEWSLETTER for the week ending
17.4.82) in which he condemned as "inadequate" a new system of
import and export licencing which he said had been introduced by the
PRG without consultation with the Private Sector.
"It is my understanding that that interview was given to a certain
Grenadian journalist under conditions different from how it was
utilised", the Deputy Prime Minister said, "but that matter is for
Mr Coard said arrangements have been made for a series of meetings
with the Chamber of Commerce to discuss a variety of subjects deal-
ing with the economy, and he thought it unfortunate that Mr Minors'
interview had been given a few hours before the first such meeting
with officials of the Ministry of Trade.
The Minister said the Trade Officials had dealt with the frustrat-
ions the Business Community genuinely felt over the question of
licences, and it would have been useful if Mr Minors' interview had
been given hours after instead of hours before the meeting.
The Minister said many people did not know that the licences now
demanded of the Private Sector are as a result of a 1959 law which
the Ministry of Trade has failed to implement, but the provisions
of which are essential for the putting together of statistics which
are vital to the Business Community and others.
"Some of this will tend to happen because of genuine misunderstand-
ing", Mr Coard said, "and it can happen also sometimes because of
manipulation on the part of some people who are looking for sensat-
ional stories and anything that will serve to discredit the Govern-
ment. I don't want to say any more on that matter; I think the
culprits know who I am talking about only too well".
-.age 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 1.5.82
PRG HAS DRAFT TOURISM CODE
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has been working on a
Tourism Code for the past two years, and a draft of that code has
been circulated to operators in the Hotel and Tourist Industries.
This was disclosed on April 19th by Finance Minister Bernard Coard
at a Press Conference with journalists holding a conference here.
Mr Coard said the Code deals with the distance from the sea at which
hotels will be allowed to be built, the maximum height of hotels,
access of the public to beaches, beach frontage of hotels, sewerage
distribution, architecture of hotels to maximise the use of solar
energy, and a number of other factors,
The Minister said the Code is also relevant to culture as the PRG
does not wish to put on things to please the tourist.
"The tourist must come and appreciate our indigenous culture", he
said. "'We are not going to alter our culture to suit tourists,
and we have a fantastic local cuisine we-are going to try and
increasingly interest our tourists in that."
The PRG has a conception, Mr Coard said, of trying to mobilize
and develop a type of tourist who, because of his "progressive
political outlook", will come to Grenada because of the revolution
rather than be frightened of Grenada because of the propaganda
against the revolution."
"In this regard", the Minister said, "it is instructive that close
to, and in some cases over, 50% of all the people of western
Europe in virtually every election, vote for 'left' parties. We
think, therefore, that there is tremendous development there for
the development of a Tourism Industry which is immune to the pro-
paganda destabilisation of U.S. imperialism."
Mr Coard said the PRG wishes to attract a wide range and different
types of people so that there will be visitors to the island who
are politically conscious and sensitive to the aspirations and
culture of Grenadians.
GITTENS: NO NEED FOR PANIC OVER GASTRO OUTBREAK
Grenada has been hit by an outbreak of Gastro Enteritis officially
reported as approaching epidemic proportions, but the public has
been assured that there is no need for panic.
Speaking to NEWSLETTER on April 29th, Secretary (Junior Minister)
.fr "Health,Dr Bernard Gittens, said the outbreak is mainly in
reas where sanitary practices are bad, and he appealed to the
.Wee. Ending 1.5.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
public for greater efforts in environmental sanitation.
"There have been no cases reported in areas where refuse is proper-
ly disposed of, such as in the hotel development areas", he said,
"and clean-up efforts in affected areas are already showing satis-
Dr Gittens said Gastro affects principally children up to 5 years
old, and he advised parents to seek medical attention immediately
on appearance of symptoms of vomiting, diarrhoea and weakness.
TUC CALLS ON U.S. TO REVIEW & REVISE CBI
--5 I I
The Grenada Trade Union Council (TUC) has made public its attitu e
to the United States Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI).
That attitude is disclosed'in the text of a Resolution calling on
the United States Administration to "review and revise" the CB3,
taking into account the plan of the Regional Technical Group ap-
pointed by the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Foreign Ministers last
This Resolution, passed at the lTUC 26th Regular Convention held on
27th March and 17th April, welcomes the CBI Plan originally agreed
by Canada, Mexico, the United States and Venezuela. The document
says, however, that the U.S. Plan violates several of the 13 prin-
ciples agreed by the CARICOM Foreign Ministers.
"Be it resolved", the document says, "that the U.S. Administration
take into account the demands of the region that no country be ex-
cluded from the Plan and that each country be given equal treat-
The Resolution also demands that the Plan "fully recognize the
rights of workers to decent wages and respect workers' right to
form and join trade unions of their choice."
MEDICAL SCHOOL TO APPLY FOR NEW YORK'S APPROVAL
Dr Geoffrey Bourne, Vice Chancellor of the St Georges University
School of Medicine, told NEWSLETTER on April 29th that the School
has not yet applied for the much-debated "approval process" in-
stituted within the last year by New York State in the United
States of America.
The New York approval process is not one of accreditation but is a
system whereby students of foreign medical schools gain the right
to clinical clerkships in the State's teaching hospitals.
Eage 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Wee di .82
In its issue of April 12th, .the United States-magazine, "Medical World
Notes" quotes the Chancellor of the St Georges Medical School,
Dr Charles Modica, as saying that his School is not worried about get-
ting New Yorkts clerkships, but that application for approval would be
"New York clerkships are not critical to the School's survival",
Dr Modica told the magazine, "but they're a major factor certifying
Application for New Yorkts approval entails filling a questionnaire
and meeting the US$21 thousand cost of a site visit to the School
by New York's scrutineer physicians.
According to "Medical World Notes",of the dozen plus medical schools
operating in Mexico and the Caribbean and attracting.American
students, only the Universidad Del Norste in Tampico, Mexico has, so
far, applied .to New York'.s Board of Regents for approval.
A team of physicians has completed inspection of the Tampico School
but there is as yet no woid as to .whether approval has been given.
In the 1981 examinations of.the Educational Commission for Foreign
Medical Graduates (ECFMG), 43% of the Universidad del Noreste students
taking the examination passed. The pass list was headed by Tel-
Aviv University in Israel with 100% while St Georges University
School of Medicine scored 84%.
LYBIAN PEOPLE'S BUREAU IN GRENADA
According to the March-April issue of "Cuba Notes", the bulletin of
the Cuban Embassy in Grenada, Cuban Ambassador Julian Torres Rizo
received, on February 17th last, a delegation from the Peoples
Socialist Lybian Arab Jamahiriya.
This delegation, the bulletin says, was in Grenada to open their
"People's Bureau", and the group included Abdullah Omar Attir, Omar
Seleh Mansour and Naser Elhbishi,
INSURANCE COMPANIES MUST BUY BONDS
Companies doing long-term insurance and/or general insurance in
Gxrenada must buy Government 6% debentures (redeemable 1999/2000)
as assistance in financing construction of the international air-
p;rt now being laid down at Point Saline at the island's southern
p. continued -
Week Ending 1.5.82
This is set out in Peoples Law number 19, passed and gazetted on
April 23rd, and cited as the "International Airport (Insurance Comp-
anies) Law 1982.
Under that law, Companies doing long-term insurance in Grenada must
buy Government bonds to an amount equivalent to 10% of "the total
premiums paid or payable with respect to the long-term insurance
business of the insurer that was in force on 31st December 1981.t
With -respect to Companies doing .general insurance, they must buy
Government bonds to an amount equivalent .to 10 of "all premiums
paid or payable with respect to the general insurance business of
the insurer during the year 1981."
"For.the avoidance of doubt", the law says, "it is hereby declared
that, where an insurer has previously purchased Government bonds,
the value thereof may be included in establishing the required in-
The law requires that, by June 15th, all insurance companies must
supply the Accountant General with a .return showing the total
premium income paid or payable. t4f, respect to long-term insurance
in force at 31st December 1981, and the total premiums paid or pay-
able in respect to general insurance .business for 1981.
The required investment must he made by July 15th next.
CALICO TAKES NEW NAME
Mr C Joe Cook, Senior Vice-President of Travellers Life Insurance
Co Ltd, in charge of marketing, told NEWSLETTER on April 30th that
his Company has some EC$1.8 million invested in Grenada.
"The philosophy of the Company has always been to reinvest whatever
premiums are generated in a -territory", he said, "and that
philosophy still prevails."
Mr Cook said the major portion of his Company's investment in Gre-
nada is in mortgages, but substantial sums have also been invested
in loans, fixed deposits and Government securities.
Distribution of the Company's investment in Grenada, Mr Cook said,
is in :-
Fixed Deposits with Banks 264,000.00
Government Securities .150,000.00
THE GRENADA NMEWSLTTER
tge 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Bndiiq 15.82
The Vice-President said he was id Grenada to arrange the official
change of name of the Caribbean Atlantic Life Insurance Co (Calico)
to Travellers Life Insurance Company Overseas Limited.
Calico was established in 1958 in the Bahamas by the Guyanest family
of Gonzales and, in 1967, the Travellers Corporation of the United
States purchased 98% of Calicots stock.
'Mr Cook said the reason for the name chamde is that Travellers Corp-
oration, which has assets in excess of US$26-billion, he said, felt
it should be more closely-identified with its clients whose policies
are backed by those assets.
"In reality", the Vice-President said, "what wetve done is just a name
change. There has been no change in the Board of Directors, in the
executive operating facilities or in the Operations Office which
remains in Jamaica. It is just making a name better al
WINBAN: WINDWARDS MUST CONSOLIDATE RECOVERY
As a result of errors made in forecasting during April to June 1981,
Windward Island banana producers suffered considerable loss.
This is disclosed in a release from the Windward Islands Banana Ass-
ociation which says that, following the devastation of hurricane
"allen" in August 1980, there was a drastic fall in production in
St Vincent, St Lucia and Dominica. However, monthly production
doubled in the three islands in March and April 1981, peaked in
June and July, dropped by about one-third in August and declined
gradually until the end of the year.
The WINBAN release says the rapid increase in April to June was
under-estimated, and a recovery to higher levels was estimated for
the end of the.year. As a result of the under-estimation, there
were considerable amounts of left-back and shut-out fruit. The
ships could not take the fruit and, additionally, the United Kingdom
market was over-supplied as more-than-usual amounts of "dollar
fruit" were being allowed into the market as a result of the poor
These adverse conditions for Windwards fruit resulted in a drop in
the Green Market Price for bananas in July, the release says, which
drop was not fully recovered until October.
"The effects of disasters over the last three years and the low
prices are still evident as the Industry enters 1982", WINBAN said.
"The Banana Associations and growers have all had to draw on re-
serves, savings and creditors. The message for 1982 must be to
- continued -
THE GRENADA NEWST-IER ag
consolidate the recovery from these previous years.'1
Windward Island Banana Exports 1981
Months Dominica St Lucia St. Vincent Grenada
(January April 4,996 6,608 6,338 4,125
iMay August 13,270 20,042 13,663 3,736
:Sept, -December 8, 99 6858 9,426 3,341 i
Total :26,965 43,508 29,428 12,202
WINBAN OFFERS FACILITIES
The Wiridward'Islands Banana, Association (WINBAN)-has made it poeihS
for other agricultural organizations and agencies to take advantage
of the analytical facilities available at the WINBAN Research Cen-
tre in St Lucia.
Among services available are analysis of soil, leaf (or other
plant material), fertilizer samples and water (irrigation, river,
well etc). Routine analysis will be for soil pH (acidity/
alkalinity) conductivity, exchangeable calcium, magnesium, potass-
ium, manganese and phosphorus. Analysis of trace elements
(including iron, zinc, molybdenum and copper) and other determ-
inations can also be done.
In the case of water, analysis is for sodium, magnesium, calcium,
potassium, salinity, pH, conductivity and other determinants.
WINBAN also offers a routine mechanical analysis of soil which
demines the percentage of sand, fine sand, silt and clay part-
icles in the soil.
Charges for analysis of soil, leaf (and other plant material) and
fertilizer samples are :-
1 to 12 Samples BC$20.00 each
13 24 do. EC$18.00 do
25 50 do. EC$16.0 do
51 100 do. EC$14.O0 do
Over 100 do. EC$12.00 do
Analysis of trace elements and other determinations costs EC$2.00
per determination. Analysis of water costs EC$10.00 per sample
for the standard analysis, other determinations costing an add-
itional EC$2.00 per sample per determination.
- continued -
Week EBding 1.5.82
S16 GRENADA NEWSLETTER .Week Ending 1. ]82
The routine mechanical soil analysis costs BC$YO.OO per ample.
These services now being offered to other agricultural oiganisations
and agencies are available free to the Bananana-Industry as part of the
advisory service of WINBAN. ;,
%v .fI*j^T ^ ~f^.
1st May 1982
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies