The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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For The Week Ending April.17th 1982
10th Year of Publicationn -. 267th,-Issue
Volume 10 Number 5
f-- *" ,-..-"* <

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, on April 8th, labeled President
Reagan's presence in Barbados as "insulting", and said Grenada
wanted no part of the democracy practiced by the Reagan adminis-

The attack on the President came as Mr Bishop delivered the
feature address at the official opening of a reconstructed
building of the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union (SWWU), and
the Prime Minister was responding to Mr Reagan's reported acc-
usation made in Barbados that day that there is no democracy in

"I take this opportunity to tell Reagan that the kind of democ-
racy he speaks of and the kind he practices", Mr Bishop said,
"we are not interested in."

Mr Bishop said Mr Reagan's democracy is the Iind which cuts
social assistance, closes schools, cuts off food stamps and
attacks the rights of workers. It is the kind of democracy
which wages war against some countries of the region and ass-
ists "facist" countries like El Salvador, Haiti and Chile, he

President Reagan's presence in Barbados was insulting, Mr Bisi
hop said, because he was using Caribbean soil as his platform
to attack Caribbean countries. Mr Reagan was also insult-
ing because he was attempting to tell Caribbean people what
countries may benefit from the Caribbean Basin Initiative and
"how we must utilise resources that have been made available
to us." continued -

Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia fsghes
P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies


The Prime Minister thought Mr Reagan's presence was insulting to his
host'country, Barbados. He charged that the President was being
transported by helicopter because Barbados' rOads were thought to
be too narrow, cars had been brought in because Barbados' vehidles-
were thought decrepit, an entire hospital had been set up because
Barbados' medical facilities were considered inadequate and even food,
water and toilet paper had been flown in.

Mr Bishop said President Reagan's democracy is not democracy but is
the result of policies of "a Government of the rich, by the rich for
the rich against the poor."

Speaking at the ceremony, Mr Eric Pierre, SWWU Secretary disclosed
that the SWWU property was purchased in 1960 through the efforts of
the then SWWU President George Otway, in honour of whom the building
is named "Otway House". Reconstruction work began in 1980 and
was completed this year at a cost of some EC$300,000.00.

Among those sending regrets for inability to attend the function
was Mr Stanley Roberts, Assistant SWWU Secretary, who has been held
in detention by the Peoples Revolutionary Government since-July llth
1981. t ....


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said here on April 17th that preserv-
ing sovereignty over national information is a central issue in
the establishing of a New World Information Order.

I-Ir Bishop expressed this opinion in the course of his feature address
at the opening ceremony of a 4-day conference sponsored jointly by
the International Organisation of Journalists, the Latinamerican
Federation of Journalists and the Media Workers Association of Free

From the principle of equal sovereignty, the Prime Minister said,
there are certain rights which, at a minimum, accrue to individual

These rights, he said, include the right to set up, develop and
organise their own independent information systems tailored to
national aims and interests, and the right to.-map out their own
national information policy, to lay down priorities and create a
corresponding legal framework.

Another right he set out is the right to utilise the media as an
ji:strument of national development to help the formation, preser-
vation and consolidation of a cultural identity and the education
r-ocess, as well as to represent, free of discrimination, their
continued -

Week Ending 17.4.82

Week Ending 17.4.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

legitimate interests and outlooks, aims and values in the internat-
ional arena:

The Prime Minister said these rights also include the right, within
the framework of their own legal system, to forbid the dissemination
of information which represents a threat to international security
and jeopardises their national sovereignty, economic stability or
cultural identity.

"These rights", he said, "derive from the rights of all peoples t.
self determination."


There are three principal, closely related, tasks which are the
practical means of setting up the New World Information Order.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop expressed this'view on April 17th as
he addressed a Conference of Journalists then be ing held in, Grenada.

"Firstly", he said,, ,"all .democratic' -peh6e loving 'ad progressive
forces in the international field must be mobilised for peace and
disarmament. That is, no longer, just a statistical necessity,
it has assumed-the character of a universal commandment and a
moral imperative, given the real threat to peace and the looming
possibility of a final war that faces all humanity."

The second task, he said, is that principles of a New World Inform-
ation Order must be implemented as soon as possible and, thirdly,
increased support in the field of information must be extended to
the developing countries.

"The struggle for the New World Information Order, spearheaded by
the world's democratic forces and stoutly resisted by the trans-
national media monopolists in the West", Mr Bishop said, "must be
seen within the context of the developing class struggle which has
has gathered momentum in recent times with the successes, in.part-
icular, of the anti-colonialists and national liberation.forces of
the Third World."

The Prime Minister said this "information battle" has been charac-
torised by three consecutive phases on a world scale although, in
the Caribbean, elements of all three phases are taking place simul-

In the beginning, he said, "imperialism" attempted to shake the
anti-imperialist orientation of public ,opinion in the independent
and liberated former colonies by utilising its own media t. pene-
trate the national information arenas in those countries.
continued -

age 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82

This tactic failed, Mr Bishop said, so an attempt was made to erect
obstacles to creation of independent national press, radio and TV in
the young states.

"However", he said, "material assistance from the developed progress-.
ive forces made it possible to push ahead although such progress in
developing media infrastructure in the Third World is still to come."

/The third phase,Mr Bishipsaid,.and the one he considers the most
dangerous, sophtscated and subtle, was then introduced. In this
phase, he said, western press monopolies have set about attempting to
control information services in the third world for within, by
themselves occupying key positions or by influencing key, but unpat-
riotic, reactionary and self-seeking, nationals in management and
editorial decision-making positions.

The Prime Minister said an extension of this phase is achieved by
bribing or manipulating journalists and their professional organ-
isations, and even by creating phantom journalists' organizations.

"It is, therefore, necessary", he said, "tfor the world's democratic
movement of journalists to organise a broad programme of multi-
lateral assistance and cooperation to journalist colleagues in the
young states and to their journalists organizations, in order that
they may confront the assault of the imperialist press maffia and
more rapidly create and strengthen national information media serving
the cause of indepedednce and progress."


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop launched an attack on April 17th on
sections of the regional press whose management, he said, valued the
work of journalists solely in terms of profits for the owner of the

If prostituting the truth is the way towards making more profit,
Mr Bishop said, this will be done, and he asked the rhetorical
question as to how an honest journalist should act in such a situ-

Mr Bishop's comments came in his feature address to a Conference of
journalists which opened in Grenada on April 17th.

"We have seen some courageous resistance in relation to our own
country", he said, "when the calculated and coordinated swapping of
falsehoods and vitriolic anti-Grenada editorials launched through a
corrupt section of the Caribbean press by the United States Inter-
rational Communications Agency, was met by a determined and prin-
cipled act of protest by some of your Trinidad colleagues."
continued -

Week Ending 17.4,82

Many .other regional journalists,.however, he said, prefer to work
on in.their individual niche, continuing to interpret, that exist-
ence as 'freedom of the press', even though their stories are cut
or brutalised, even though their opinion in the enterprise in which
they work is counted for nothing.

Mr Bishop said these journalists continue to work on even. though
they have no control over their working conditions, they say
in the political direction of their newspaper, their just wage de-
mands are treated with the same. scorn and contempt as their.skills
and opinions, and even though the decisions affecting their news-
paper are taken, not in the newspaper's office but "over the clink ng
of glasses filled with Chivas Regal scotch at a luxurious country
club .

"While the true journalist works with the people, searching out .ti
truth of their real lives and problems and writing stories seeking
to expose the conditions bearing dbw ion their hope for progress",
the Prime Minister said,' u"thei' employers machinate-:ith the forces
of falsehood, the media monsters of the CIA and the Interamerican
Press AssociAtionl, the anti-peoplde, anti-progress psycdpaths who are
completely and unscrupulously machiavellian in 'their appetite to
destroy all reality and shape it in the moulds of the voracious
milti-national corporations."

Mr Bishop said these are the forces who claim to have 'santified'
the principles of press freedom, who control the region's editorials,
who prefer to print the "computorised calumny of top Pentagon
officials" instead of the real views and "naked words" of the
Caribbean people themselves.


The Secretary General of the International Organisation of Journal-
ists (IOJ), Mr Jiri Kubha, on April 17th called on a Conference of
journalists here to explain recent political developments in the
Caribbean basin so that the world public will support Caribbean
nations' efforts to preserve -their sovereignty and safeguard their
rights to life and freedom.

The conference, jointly sponsored by IOJ, the Latinamerican Feder-
ation of journalists and the Media Workers Association of Free
Grenada, and 56 delegates from 22 countries, was opened
on April 17th by Prime Minister;Maurice Bishop and will run .until
April 20th.

Mr Kubha told the conference that, in recent months, "big p wers
have been striving to make their own rules in the Caribbean area
and prevent the existence of opinions different from their own.
continued -


age 6

"This tendency", he said, "is, unfortunately, not only extremely
dangerous for all Latin America, and especially for the nations of
the Caribbean, but it is a direct realisation of the general worsen-
ing of the world situation."

The IOJ Secretary General charged the United States with promoting
World:tension in the hope of 'sweeping .under the carpet' its economic
crisis. In order to leave itself free scope for "action" in other
parts of the world, Mr Kubha said, it is obvious the U.S. has decided
'to make order' in Central America.

However, he said, long experience generates a firm historical opti-
mism. Whenever 'imperialism' has attempted to renew cold or hot
war, he said, the world public protests this dangerous game which has
unforeseeable consequences but which will, in any case, mean the end
of civilisation.

Successes achieved by Caribbean nations in obtaining their independ-
ence are a 'thorn in .the eye' of big business, the Secretary General
said, and it is important for journalists to explain that the struggle
for national sovereignty is not a mysterious conspiracy as insinuated
by the 'big press.

Mr Kubha told the conference that President Reagan's trip to the
Caribbean to "establish more discipline and subordination" was
not successful.

"On the other hand", he said, our'meeting will be successful because
its target is honest, as honest as the struggle for the basic right
of every man to have peace and order, to eat and live in one's own
country without orders given by others.1'
. ... .... ...,
t /; d ..* -


The Peoples Revolutionary Government has come out in favour of
Argentina in that d6untty's dispute with Britain over ownership
of the Falkland Islands.

Speaking in St Georges on April 15th, the PRG's Foreign Minister
Unison Whiteman said Grenada joins the Non-Aligned Movement, the
Organisation:of Americah States and Socialist International in
supporting Argentina's claim to sovereignty over the Falklands.

"We believe that the fundamental question is a colonial question",
Mr Whiteman said, "it is a question of colonisation. Argentina's
claim to sovereignty over the islands is not a new claim, it is a
claim that goes back 150 years and, therefore, since our Govern-
rent subscribes to the end to colonialism, we believe Argantina's
claim is just and Argentina's aspiration to ownership of the islands
is a just aspiration." continued -


WeehlC gnding 17.4.82


Mr Whiteman said although the issue is one of "regularising an old
historical contradiction", the PRG does not approve the use of
force. As a country committed to world peace and one which
shares membership with Britain in the Commonwealth and with Argen-
tina in the Organisation of American States, he said, Grenada is
not only interested but is working towards a just and peaceful
settlement of the dispute.

The Foreign Minister said a joint commission oF A-uninta and Britai
should work out a time table for the return of the islands to
Argentina. He recognized there are practical problems such as
passports, nationality and migration, but felt they could be

"We have no information that there is any threat or danger to the
lives of the people of the Falklands", Mr Whiteman said. "If
this were the case, we would have had a different attitude, but
there is no information that their lives are in danger."

S.;. -.. ..iI ; .
,. t .. .4. .t


Grenada's Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman has criticized the
United States Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) and President
Reagan's plan to give bi-lateral aid to countries of the Caribbean
and Latin America..

Mr Whiteman's criticisms came on March 31st in Belize as he address-
ed a meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Caribbean Community
(CARICOM), and he warned the meeting of what he called the CBI
plan's "dangerous, divisive and disruptive elements for CARICOM
and the regional integration movement."

"How could the United States Government justify channeling funds
outside of.our esteemed Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) and our
regional institutions contrary to our specific guidelines", he

Mr Whiteman!s statements appear to contradict statements made by
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop at a press conference here on March
14th. Mr Bishop objected to the United States giving money to
the CDB on condition that Grenada did not share in the aid, but he
had no objection to the U.S. channeling funds to any country in the
region on a bi-lateral basis...

Not only does the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) not oppose
bi-lateral aid from the United States, he said, but such aid is
welcomed and demanded "in part payment for all the years of
imperialist exploitation of the islands of the region."
continued -

Week Ending 17.4.82

Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82

The Prime Minister said that everyone in the region, at governmental
level understands clearly the PRG's position on the need for Carib-
bean cooperation and unity.

"All of them understand very well that our perspective is that we
have absolutely no objection to the United States maintaining bi-
lateral relations", he said, "and, on a bi-lateral basis, giving
aid to any territory in the region."

It is quite another thing, the Prime Minister said, when efforts
are made to subvert regional institutions like the CDB.

Mr Whiteman told the CARICOM Foreign Ministers that the present
version of the CBI plan is in flagrant violation of the 13
principles originally laid down for the plan, and he appealed for
a careful analysis of the United States version of the plan and
that it should not be permitted to create divisiveness among the
countries of the region.

.. ;, > ...*.. .< .


A senior official of the Canadian Government has denied the charge
made by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop that Canada has withdrawn
from the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) plan.

Addressing a rally on March 13th last, Mr Bishop said President
Ronald Reagants CBI plan is the biggest "confidence game" of the
century, that it is a prostitution of the original ideas discussed
by Mexico, Canada, Venezuela and the United States, and this is
why, Mr Bishop said, these other countries are no longer assoc-
iated with the initiative.

Mr R V Gorham, Assistant Under-Secretary of State for External
Affairs in the Canadian Government, responsible for the Carib-
bean and Latin America, told NEWSLETTER on April 15th that there
must be some misunderstanding on the part of Mr Bishop in this

"We attended the meeting in.New York", he said, "and agreed with
the other Foreign Ministers, as stated in the communique, that we
would meet again as Foreign Ministers in Caracas, probably in the
early part of August."

Mr Gorham said the Caracas meeting will review developments of the
CBI, and he hoped, by the time of the Caracas meeting, the United
States Congress will have approved the Reagan Administration's
economic proposals.

- continued -

Week Ending' 17.4.82

"Canada certainly has not withdrawn from the CBI", Mr Gorham said,
"and I am not aware that Venezuela, Mexico or Colombia have with-

Mr Gorham also refuted the charge that the United States is allo-
cating a large percentage of its CBI funds for military aid, espec-
ially for El Salvador.

"The Americans have a number of budgets", he said, "and one is for
economic development assistance for the Caribbean region, that is
the CBI proposal. They also have military aid budgets for man
countries of the world, including El Salvador. They have made
no secret of that, but that is totally separate and distinct from
what they are doing in terms of economic development assistance."

Mr Gorhan said that, prior to President Reagan's speech to the
Organisation of American States, Canada had noted reports that that
speech would have had a very heavy content relating to security
matters, and Canada had expressed her concern that that could be
contradictory to the principles of the CBI.

"I don't know what the original draft of that speech was like",
Mr Gorham said, "but the speech as delivered was sufficiently
separate in two parts. There was a reference to security
matters which the American Administration'feels is necessary for a
variety of domestic political reasons, but we were satisfied that
the comments relating to the CBI in that speech, and the subsequent
CBI proposals presented to Congresbs, are fully in accord with the
concepts laid down at the Nassau meeting."

Mr Gorham, who was on a familiarization 'tour of the Eastern Carib-
bean, particularly Grenada and Si Vincent, arrived here on April
14th together with Mr Alan Roger, Canadian High Commissioner to
Grenada stationed in Barbados, and, after holding talks with
Prime Minister Bishop, left for Barbados on April 16th.

Mr Roger told NEWSLETTER he would take the' opportunity of these
talks to remove the "misunderstanding" that Canada is no longer
associated with the CBI, but it appears that this misunderstanding

Speaking at a press conference on April 15th, Deputy Minister of
Finance Lyden Ramdhanny referred to the CBI and called for a "real
regional development plan" in which Canada "will feel constrained
to be actively involved."

Mr Ramdhanny's call reflects statements made by Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop as he addressed a Revolution Day rally on March
13th and referred to what he called "Reagan's version of the
Caribbean Basin Initiative."


Page 9

Page, 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82

"Any casual glance at this version of the Caribbean Basin Plan will
show that it is a very different, indeed, a prostitution of the
original ideas discussed by Mexico, Canada, Venezuela and the United
States in the Bahamas", Mr Bishop said. "It is obvious that this
is the reason why these countries are now no longer in this particular
version of the initiative."

At his press conference on April 15th, the Deputy Finance Minister
encouraged all Governments and people of the Caribbean to jbin in
a call for a "genuinely multi-lateral, nbn-discriminatory, non-
military" CBI in which Mexico can participate fully, in which Canada
will feel constrained to be actively involved, in which Venezuela
could contribute and in which the European Economic Community will
play a major role.


Mr Allan Rqger Canadian High Commissioner to Grenada, resident in
Barbados, arrived here on April 14th on an official visit.

The High Commissioner, who was accompanied by MrR V Gorham, Ass-
istant Under Secretary of State for External Affairs in the Can-
adian Governmenti responsible for the Caribbean and Latin America,
told NEWSLETTER he was in Grenada with Mr Gorham to brief the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) on 'Canadian perception of
the Canadian Basin Initiative (CBI)".

Mr Roger said the opportunity would also be taken to review progress
on Canada's aid to Grenada projects, particularly the BC$20 million
Cocoa Rehabilitation & Development Project.

Canada signed a Memorandum of Agreement last August with reference
to this project which Mr Roger said is now "getting off the ground",
beginning to be of significance and requires very active cooperation
if it is not going to "grind to a halt".

Mr Roger said he would also discuss with the PRG other lesser
projects with which Canada is aiding Grenada, including replace-
ment of a jetty in the sister island of Carriacou, restoration of
a school at Sauteurs, provision of a library van and a health van,
and provision of a Law Library for the Supreme Court.

"Our aid relationship is extremely important so that there is just
no misunderstanding", the High Commissioner said. "All diffi-
culties tend to arise on misunderstandings."

An example of this, he said, is the statement attributed to Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop to the effect that Canada has withdrawn
from the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) plan.
continued -


Mr Roger thought it 'incredible' that Mr Bishop should have thought
that Canada has abandoned the CBI when this is not so. Such
misunderstandings should not be allowed to stand, he said, and in
his meeting with Mr Bis.op during this visit, he would correct this.


A high level team from the Grenada Chamber of Commerce accompanied
Deputy Finance Minister Lyden Ramdhanny to Washington late in
March to lobby members of the United States Congress on the matte
of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI).

Representing the Chamber were its President Mr David Minors and
Vice-President Mr Richard Menezes, and they flew out of Grenada o-
March 28th to join Mr Ramdhanny in Washington.

Addressing a meeting of somc U.S.Congressmen on March 30th,
Mr Ramdhanny said the Peoples Revolutionary Government; (PRG)..
originally welcomed the CBI plan discussed by the United States
Mexico, Canada and Vene2uela in Nassau, the Bahamas in July last
year 4* '-

"However", he said, "when it became apparent that not all basin
countries were to be included, a fact which was confirmed when the
Republic of Cuba was not invited to the Jamaica meeting, Grenada
was obliged to take a principled stand when the delegate of Grenada
made it clear that Grenada will oppose the exclusion of any country
from the benefits of the aid package on the basis of political or
ideological grounds .....

Besides the principle of non-exclusivity, Mr Ramdhanny said,
Grenada also made it clear that she opposed any military or
security component in the plan and that there should be emphasis in
the plan for Official Development Assistance for, at least, the
Lesser Developed Countries (LDC) of the region.

The Deputy Minister of Finance told.the Congressmen that, following
a series of meetings among the recipient countries, as well as a
meeting with the' Donor Group.i& Santo Domingo last October, it be-
came abundantly clear that certain countries would be excluded
from benefits under the CBI.

"It was not surprising, therefore", Mr Ramdhanny said, "that in
President Reagan's address to the Organisation of American States
in February, and also in his letter of transmission and draft.
legislation to Congress, he has confirmed his singular concern with
the Caribbean Basin Initiative Plan as an exclusive mechanism for designed to satisfy the narrow political object-
ies of the United States." con
continued -

Week Ending 17.4.82. 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82

Commenting on details of the CBI, Mr Ramdhanny said the PRG welcomes
the granting of duty-free entry of Caribbean products into the U.S.
and the reduction of required local "value-added". from 35- to 251,
but feels that the 12 year period for this part of the plan is

With reference to Official Development Assistance (i.e. the transfer
of resources and funds from government to government), Mr Randhanny
said the almost complete absence of this type of aid means that, fr
those States at a low level of infrastructural development, tax
incentives to foreign investors will mean absolutely nothing.

"Besides", he said, "if subsequent statements of administrative
officials are correct, then of the US$350 million earmarked for
government assistance to the private sectors of recipient countries,
after El Salvador and three special countries.receive
another one-third, what will the LDCs get from the final one-third
to be divided between some 16 to 18 countries ?

Mr Ramdhanny attacked what he called President Reagan's "wild
allegations" against Grenada and other countries, and said it was
a deliberate campaign to whip up hatred and suspicion against Grenada4
Reckless talk of repression and the totalitarian left is a complete
misrepresentation of the truth, he said, and must be considered a
fabrication of major proportions.

The Deputy Finance Minister put forward five proposals for consider-
ation by the Congressmen. First of these is that no country be
excluded from the CBI on the basis of political or ideological

He proposed also that existing regional institutions such as the
Caribbean Development Bank and the Caribbean Food Corporation be
examined with a view to utilising their facilities for disbursement
of CBI funds.

A third proposal is that joint ventures between foreign private
interests and local private interests, and between foreign private
interests and governments be encouraged.

His fourth proposal is that more Official Development Assistance
for the infrastructure is vital and should be provided and, finally,
that the quantum of aid made available through the CBI should be
substantially increased.

Winding up his address, Mr Ramdhanny encouraged all Caribbean
governments and peoples to call for a "genuinely multilateral,
non- discriminatory, non-military" CBI.

"The multilateral aid package has undoubted merits which a series
of bilateral arrangements can never replace", he said. "The
continued -


Week Ending 17.4.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
- I I I.-~

Caribbean needs this special multilateral effort of rather mammoth
proportions. And the promise of hope which issued forth so
triumphantly from Nassau last year cannot be allowed to become
history's damp squib of the region's unfulfilled aspirations, dis-
appointment and dispair."


Mr David Minors, President of the Grenada Chamber of'Commerce, told
NEWSLETTER on April 7th that there was not complete agreement in
the joint Government/Chamber delegation which recently visited
Washington to lobby in connection with President Reagan's Carib-
bean Basin Initiative (CBI) Plan.

That delegation was led by Deputy Minister of Finance Lyden
Ramdhanny, and Mr Minors said-the position of.the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG) put forward by Mr Ramdhanny in Washing-
ton is that the original multilateral doner/multilateral recipient
plan agreed in Nassau by Venezuela, Mexico, Canada and the United
States should be adhered to.

"We would be out of place as a :private sector",: he said, "and I
think the Government is out of place, to suggest to the United
States Government or any other doner government or agency, to what
countries they should and should not'give aid, and under what terms
and conditions."

The Chamber President said the Grenada Government views the U.S.
bilateral approach as a device to divide and rule, and it is his
understanding that, under the CBI as it stands, Grenada will be
excluded from bilateral aid but is not excluded from the trade and
investment part of the plan.

"Of course", he said, "I think it would be an up-hill job to
benefit fully under investment because there are other countries
around posturing 'correctly' and, the mere fact that the President
of the United States has said that Grenada has a totalitarian
regime will keep the American investors away."

Mr Minors said also it is fully realized that if Government does
not get money to do the necessary infrastructural work, the
Private Sector certainly will not be in a position to reach its
full potential.

The Chamber President said the Private Sector pleased to
see Grenada benefit through multilateral or bilateral United
States aid or through both, and it is his understanding t4,at U.S.
multilateral aid will continue and will benefit Grenada through
such institutions as the Caribbean Development Bank.
9. " -C----- 4
*t "%Ajt?.!

?3ge 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week ndiLg 17.4.82


The Grenada Chamber of Commerce has accused the Peoples Revolutionary
Government of using the Chamber as "Window Dressing".

This was disclosed to NEWSLETTER on April 7th by Chamber President
David Minors as he discussed the joint Government/Chamber delegation
which recently went to Washington to lobby in connection with the
-.ited States Caribbean Basin Initiative.

"We made this accusation in Washington to Deputy Finance Minister
Lydon Ramdhanny", Mr Minors said, "and we told him that, while we
do not mind being used this way, the Government should pay a little
more respect to the Private Sector at home if, in fact, we are
needed from time to time."

:r Minors said he hoped that the fact that the Private Sector is
needed as "window dressing" from time to time indicates that the
PRG realises that it needs the Private Sector. He did not
know, however, whether this need is only in the short term.

"There are many instances in which we could have embarrassed
Government", he said, "and we have gone out of our way not to do
so, but we cant say the same for Government. They have used
all sorts of opportunities to tear into the Private Sector un-
fairly and in an unwarranted way."


President of the Grenada Chamber of Commerce Mr David Minors,
told NEWSLETTER on April 7th that the joint Government/Chamber
Delegation which visited Washington recently to lobby in connect-
ion with the Caribbean Basin Initiative did not meet with a
Congressional Committee but had talks with some 16 Congressmen
and their aides at:a meeting organised through the Black Caucus
by Grenada's Ambassador to theOrganisation of American States,
Ms. Dessima Williams.

"I detect, from the American side," Mr Minors said, "(and most of
the Congressmen we met are supposedly sympathetic to Grenada and
this type of Socialist Government), that the real concern in the
United States is one of security."

The Chamber President said the International Airport being con-
structed at Point Saline in Grenada featured constantly in the
discussions, and there were misgivings expressed that this air-
oort would be used for military purposes.

We told them that the Grenada Government has said the airport
.ill be used solely for commercial purposes", he said,"and we
continued -


accept that. There is no evidence to indicate anything to the

Mr Minors said he had been able to point out to the Congressmen that,
at 9,000 feet, the Point Saline runway is no longer than, and is
shorter than, most of the international airport runways in the
Caribbean including Guyana, Trinidad, Barbados, St Lucia, Antigua,
Guadeloupe and Martinique.

"You could See, however", he said, "that ,the Point Saline airport 3:
very :mth on their minds.!" ... .

,.' -. -. ;" '..


An effort is to be made to stop the United States manoeuvers
scheduled to take place in the Caribbean in April and which have.
been code named "Ocean Venture 82".

This was disclosed in Grenada on March 31st by Mrs Phyllis Coard,
wife of Minister of Finance Bernard Coard, Secretary (Junior Mini-
ister) for Women's Affairs in the Peoples Revolutionary Government,
President of the National Women's Organisation and:an electee to the
recently formed nine-woman strong "Latin American &,Caribbean.
Women's Front against Imperialist.Intervention."

This Front was Nicaragua late in March when, according to
Radio Free Grenada, women representing political trade union and
civic groups in the region held a conference to discuss "the threat
of imperialist intervention in regional countries."

Mrs Coard, who represents the.English speaking Caribbean on the
Front, said the Front will spearhead formation of groups in the
region to oppose "imperialist intervention", and a series of act-
ivities have been drawn up for April.

"Some of the activities that were proposed were to iake every
effort to stop "Ocean Venture" maneuvers which are planned for
April in the Caribbean by the United States", she said. "These
are military manoeuvers which are .a totally shameless rehearsal for
invasions of our countries."

Mrs Coard said the Front plans to organise marches and demonstrate
ions-in protest against these manoeuvers, to send cables to the
United Nations and to undertake whatever other actions are approp-
riate in individual countries.

0----- A. .

Week Ending 17.4.82

Tge 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82


Dr David Churaman Seegobin, 35, Grenada's Medical Officer of Health
since last October, was found dead in a Police cell on the morning
of April 2nd.

Dr Seegobin who, for unknown reasons, was suspended from his job on
March 3rd, was arrested on March 19th and charged, on March 22nd,
ith the assault of an Englishwoman, Ms. Alice Hawkes. Released
on bail, he was rearrested the next day and remained in Police
custody until March 31st when he answered the assault charge before
Magistrate Lyle St. Paul.

Mr St Paul found him guilty and imposed a fine of EC$30.O0.

On April 1st, Dr Seegobin was arrested again. Appearing before
'rr St Paul, he was charged with the rape, on January 19th last, of
an employee of the Ministry of Health (not Ms. Hawkes) and was
released on bail of EC$2,500.00. On the evening of the same
day, he was arrested again, the arrest taking place in or near
the residence of the woman he is alleged to have raped. Next
morning, he was found dead in his cell.

An autopsy was performed by Dr Roger Radix and informed sources
told NEWSLETTER that certain organs of the dead man were sent
abroad for analysis.' Suicide is suspected.

Dr Seegobin, who was born in Guyana, was a naturalised British

I..'*: *"** *

Mr Alister Hughes, freelance Grenadian journalist and NEWSLETTER's
Editor, said in St Georges on April 13th that, oi that day,
he was given back the use of his telephone which, on a directive
from the Security Services to the Grenada Telephone Company, had
been disconnected for the last 10 months.

Mr Hughes said that, when the telephone rang at precisely 3.30 p.m.,
he answered it and a male voice said, "From the telephone exchange,
sir; just checking your line."

Mr Hughes was one of 26 persons who published the weekly, cyclo-
styled "Grenadian Voice" newspaper whose first issue appeared on
June 13th last year. The second issue was due to be distri-
buted on June 19th but, on the night 3f June 18th/19th, the
securityy Forces seized all copies of the newspaper together with
ll-I the equipment used for its publication.

"Iso seized were four cars (including one belonging to Mr Hughes)
n which copies of the newspaper were found by Security Personnel.
continued -


Later on the 19th June, the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG)
passed the Newspaper (Publications) Law (Peoples Law 18/1981) which,
with retroactive effect from June 16th, made publication of the
"Grenadian Voice" illegal and authorised seizure, by a member of
the Peoples Revolutionary Army or Grenada Police Service, of "any
equipment or property which he suspects is being or has been or is
intended to be used" in the publication of a newspaper made illegal
by this law.

Several of the persons connected with the publication of the
"Grenadian Voice" had their telephones disconnected from June 19tl
and Mr Hughes is the last to be reconnected. With reference tt
the cars seized, two have been returned but Mr Hughes said he has
not been given his.

The Grenadian journalist said that, for 6 weeks after the news-
paper was banned, his home was under 24-hour-a-day surveillance
and he and his wife Cynthia were "tailed" wherever they went. He
said also that, for a period, persons entering or leaving his home
were searched.

The official organ of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop's New Jewel
Movement (NJM) accused the "Grenadian Voice" of having connections
with the United States Central Intelligence Agency, and said the
shareholders in the Company publishing the "Grenadian Voice" are
"big exploiters who are claiming that their voice is.the voice of
the Grenadian people."

NJM said there are some people who, from the days of deposed Prime
Minister Eric Gairy, held key posts in the Public Service and these
people were not victimised but were given a chance to work for the

"Some of these people have been coming out more and more boldly
against the revolution in recent weeks", NJM said. "They also
had better learn quickly that they must respect the revolution."

Three persons connected with publication of the "Grenadian Voice"
have been held in detention by the PRG since July llth 1981. They
are barristers Messrs Ll6yd Noel and Tillman Thomas and business-
man and Island Scout Commissioner, Mr Leslie Pierre. To date,
no charges have been laid against them.


Since the Newspaper -(Publications) Law was passed by the Peoples
Revolutionary Government on June 19th last year, the Grenada Cham-
ber of Commerce has not ben able to publish its monthly bulletin.
continued -

Week Ending 17.4.82

qee 18 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82

That Law prohibits publication of any newspaper for a 12 month period,
and Chamber President David Minors told NEWSLETTER on April 7th that
the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PPG) has failed to keep its
promise to the Chamber in this connection with reference to the
Chamber's bulletin.

"For the last 6 months or more", Mr Minors said, "various people from
he Minister of Finance Bernard Coard to his Deputy Lyden Ramdhanny
to others have said, 'Yes, you're going to get an exception to the
"aw' but, up to now, we have not had it."

Mr Minors cited this, he said, to indicate that the Chamber dces have
opportunities to hold discussions with Government but, he said, "a
lot of it is just talk and nothing happens.'1

'he Chamber President said he would not like to say that Government's
promises to the Chamber are deliberately not kept, but it is obvious
that Government has other priorities it considers more important.

'' -. - I,,- 'V^S*


Terms have been finalized for the sale of the Seamoon race course to
the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PPG).

Last November, Mr Kendrick Radix, Attorney General and Minister of
Justice, Agro-Industries & Fisheries, announced that this abandoned
race course, comprising 50 acres and a pavillion, had been acquired
by the PRG "as a result of negotiations with the Ramdhanny family."

The property belongs to the Grenada Racing Co Ltd (GRC) in which
.he family of Mr Lyden Ramdhanny, Deputy Minister of Finance, has
3Jrge shares, and Mr L L Ramdhanny, father of Lyden and President
of GRC, last month notified shareholders of the terms of the sale.

According to President Ramdhanny, over the 12 months January to
december 1981, the PRG paid GRC monthly installments of EC$12,500.00,
making a total of EC$15,00,00, to the end of last year. Addition-
ally, the Company is to receive EC$150,000.00 in International Air-
port Bonds.

''The cash realized will net each shareholder. approximately 25~%
profit per share", Mr Ramdhanny said in a circular to shareholders,
"that is, EC$125.00 for each share of EC$100.O0 plus about .
FC$130.OO in Airport Bonds for each EC$100.00 share."

No race meetings have been held at Seamoon for over a decade and,
ca April 9th 1972, a General Meeting of the Company decided to
sll the property. Since then, Seamoon hag become popular for
'e holding of political rallies. A meeting was held on April
: th to formally take the Company into liquidation.



Grenada has" received more financial aid over the last two years
than any' of the Windward or Leeward Islands individually.

This view was expressed to NEWSLETTER on April 7th by Mr David
Minors, President of the Grenada Chamber of Commerce as he discuss-
ed the United States Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI).

"What we need in this country, first and forement", he said, "is
some encouragement from the Government for the Private Sector."

Mr Minors said he, .and other members of the Chamber, have told.
Minister of Finance Bernard Coard and.his. deputy, Mr Lyden Ram-
dhanny, that what is required now is for ,the Government to do some-
thing tangible to show the Peoples Revolutionary Government's
(PRG) encouragement of the Private Sector.

Instead of which, he said, Company Income Tax has been raised from
50% to 5' and there is the latest regulation which means that
"whatever we import into or export from Grenada, from a pin to an
elephant, must be subject to licence".

"In my view", he said, !'these sorts of things are not encouraging
to business. They are a disincentive." :.

Mr Minors commented on Minister of Finance Coard's statement that
the increase in Company,,Incqme, 'Tax is only for those Companies
which do not reinvest profits, and those who do reinvest and ex-
pand will get a reduction in the old rate of tax. Mr Coard
said it is a "carrot and stick" taxation device.

"My reaction to that description of the taxation", Mr Minors said,
"is that the carrot .is of an anemic variety grown on-the arid dry-
lands of the island while the stick is a walaba pole'"-

The Chamber president said the PRG has stated it is looking for
money to on-lend to the Private Sector but, he said, the crux of
the matter is not the borrowing but the repaying of the money.

"If you are facing a situation where 550 of profits goes back to
Government in. income tax", he said, "and 25'" of profits goes to
workers (which I do not object to), and inflation is running at
1l to 20- annually, just to replace stocks and keep going will
take up all of that and still have -you borrowing from the Bank,
far less to undertake expansion."

Mr Minors said, from his own experience and from his discussions
with other persons in the Private Sector, it is clear that sales
are running level generally, there is no increase and, if inflat-
ion is taken into account,, the Private Sector is losing ground
now. ,
., , , .- . A .

Week Ending 1.7,4.82

.ge 20 THE G"ENADA NEWSLETTEP Week Ending 17.4.82


Mr Alberto Ferrari, Local Representative of the European Economic
Community (EEC) told NEWSLETTER on April 7th that 150 tons of
Surinam rice would arrive here on April 10h by the MV. "Corantion"
as a gift from the EEC for free distribution.

This is the last donation to Grenada under the EEC rood Aid Pro-
jramme for 1981, Mir errari said, Grenada previously having
received 400 tons of dried milk and 30 tons of butter oil under
this programme.

The EEC representative said the Food Aid Programme for this year
covers 350 tons of dried milk, 30 tons of butter oil, some 50 tons
of rice and some .100 tons of wheat or flour. These EEC
donations will arrive during the coming months and will be for
free distribution. .... .,


Grenada's Commercial Community has been told that, with effect from
April 1st, "the importation into and exportation from the state of
all goods capable of being imported or exported is prohibited
except under licence ...,,"

This is embodied in a notice from the Controller of Supplies
dated March 26th and appearing in the Government Gazette of that

Mr David Minors, President of the Grenada Chamber of Commerce,
told NEWSLETTER on April 7th that the form introduced by the
Comtroller for the application of import licences is quite in-
adequate for the purpose intended.

"One would have thought", he said, "they would have got together
with the Private Sector and develop a form which would work better
than the one they have introduced."

Mr Minors thought the present form would have to be withdrawn and
the Chamber was having a meeting that day with officials of the
Ministry of Finance to discuss the matter.


The Government operated agro-industries plant has purchased
severall pieces of new equipment including a pepper grinding mill.
.his mill has a capacity of 30 pounds of pepper per minute and
*iost EC$7,000.00.
continued -

Week Ending 17,4.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 21

Other equipment purchased includes a pasteuriser, a brush pulper for
extracting fruit pulp, a machine for controlling the contents of
cans and a semi-automatic can seamer .for sealing cans.

An important piece of equipment to be added to the plant is a
can-reformer and a "falanger" (flanger ?) which will enable the
plant to assemble tins and provide employment for two additional
persons;. .'


The Government Information Service announced on April 5th.that the
Standing Committee of Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Ministers re-
sponsible for industries, held in Dominica from March 26th to 27tt
allocated 2 industrial projects to Grenada.

These projects are furniture making and food processing, both of
which are to be shared with Dominica. St Lucia and St Vincent
will also share in the food processing.

The Government Information Service said Grenada will have to conduct
feasability studies before implementation of these industries to
ensure that they are worthwhile.


The Caribbean Agricultural & Rural Development Advisory & Training
Service (CARDATS) is to give assistance to 12 producer cooperatives
and a number of small farmers.

The programme of assistance begins in July and includes advice and
training to and for the cooperatives. The small farmers in the
programme have contracts for the sale of their produce to the
National Marketing & Importing Board, and they will receive assist-
ance in the fields of agricultural engineering, marketing, farm
management and credit. .,


A batch of 1000 pounds of locally produced cocoa powder is to be
put on the market in Grenada by JUne next.

According to a report on March 31st from Radio Free Grenada, this
oocoa powder is a test consignment resulting from research conduct-
ed by Grenada's National R search and Development Laboratories, and
plans are under way for a small scale test production also of
reconstituted milk.

iqe 22 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82


Figures published by Government's Central Statistical Office (CSO)
show that Trinidad & Tobago has become an important destination for
Grenada's exports.

Main items shipped to that destination are clothing, fresh fruit,
furniture and wheat bran, and value of these exports has risen from
..77 of Grenadats total exports in 1980 to 14.9r of that total in

Cocoa, nutmegs/mace and bananas continue to be the island's majpr
exports, accounting for 77% of all domestic exports in 198i. With
diversification, however, this share is declining, the figures for
1977, 1978 and 1979 being, respectively 94%, 93% and 877.

The United Kingdom continues to be Grenada's most important single
destination for exports, accounting for 35.977 in 1981. Three
other countries of the European Common Market (ECM), Holland, Belgium
and West Germany, are next in importance, but the importance of these
countries is diminishing as the island's exports become diversified.

In the 10 years before 1979, the BCM accounted for an average of 801,
of Grenada's exports. In 1980, that figure stood at 77% and, in
1981, it dropped to 72%.

ClDoting has become the most important of Grenada's non-traditional
exports, being valued at HC$5.5'fillion in 1981 and representing
11.1' of total exports. This is just over twice the value
exported in 1980 and almost 6 times the value exported in 1979.


A 5-day workshop organised by the Interamerican Institute For Co-
operation In Agriculture (IICA) opened in Grenada on March 29th
and the focus was on all aspects of the pricing of food products.

Lecturers at the workshop included technical personnel from the
Organisation of American States, the Food & Agriculture Organis-
ation, the United Nations Development Programme and the Caribbean
Agricultural & Rural Development Advisory & Training Service and,
among other subjects, participants studied price stabilisation,
the regional pricing system, price fluctuations and conditions in
the domestic and export markets.

Taking part in the workshop were representatives from the Grenada
"arms Corporation (which manages all Government owned estates), the
-:ational Marketing & Importing Board and the IICA extension staff.
.~lso present were representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture,
continued -

Week Ending '17,.4.82

Rural Development & Cooperatives, the Ministry of Trade and the
Ministry of Agro Industries.


A F-day workshop geared to developing a health sector policy state-
ment and a plan of action for 1982 concluded in Grenada on March

Jointly sponsored by the Panamerican Health Organisation and the
Caribbean Community Secretariat, the workshop brought together
senior officials from the Ministry of Health, Heads of Departments,
Senior Nurses and Tutors from the School of Nursing and rep-esentat:-
ives from the Ministries of Education, Planning and Mobilisation.

This workshop was the first of its kind to be conducted in Grenada
with external assistance.


A national census began in Grenada on March 26th with the aim of
gathering information which will assist in solving the country's
unemployment problem and the datecollected will be submitted to a
national conference scheduled for May 16th.

That conference, to be organised by the Ministry of Agriculture, the
National Youth Organisation and the Ministry of Youth, is expected
to involve some 1000 delegates from the mass organizations, the
National Students Council, the' Private Sector and the Armed Forces.

The conference will be charged with working out ways and means of
solving the unemployment problem.


A 2-man team from the United Nations Education.Scientific & Cultural
Organisation (UNESCO) visited Grenada from March 26th to 30th and
held discussions with officials relative to formulation of a Nationw
al plan for Education.

The team comprised Messrs Oaulo Adrat and Anunesto Shiesebien and,
with their assistance, a draft plan was drawn up based on objectives
identified at a UNESCO meeting in Quito, Equador, last year.

These objectives are that, not later than 1999, all children of
school age should receive a minimum of 8 to 10 years general educat-
ion, that illiteracy should be eradicated before thlic ifieuhe


Page 23

i'age 24 .THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Enaing /17.4.o

century, that educational services for adults should be developed and
extended and that the quality and efficiency of educational systems
should be improved.


Quality Control Unit of the Ministry of Industrial Development &
Fisheries has been formed as a basis for a National Bureau of Stand-
ards which is soon to be established.

This was.announced by the Government Information Service (GIS) on
March 26th, and GIS said a Food & Drug Committee of the Unit has been
formed. This Committee is comprised of representatives of the
Ministries of Health, Agriculture, Industrial Development & Fish-
eries and the National C oncil for Science & Technology, and is
headed by Minister of Industrial Development & Fisheries Kendrickc

y ,? .. ,'o: *

, 1, -- _~

The East Caribbean Currency Authority (pCCA) has issued new coinage
which went into circulation on April 1st and. which will eventually
replace the coinage which has been legal currency in Grenada (and in
St Vincent, St Lucia, Antigua, Montserrat and St Kitts/Nevis) for
early three decades.

Up to the end of World War, I, the smaller islands of the Eastern
Caribbean had no currency of their own, but the currencies of Bar-
bados, Trinidad &. Tobago and British'Guiana (now Guyana) were accep-
ted as legal tender, and those three Colonies each accepted the
currency of the other two as legal tender.

It was thought desirable to have a common currency for all these
British Colonies of the Eastern Caribbean who were moving then
towards federation, and a conference held in Barbados in May 1946
recommended a unified system of notes and coin for Barbados, Brit-
ish Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, the Leeward Islands and thbWind-
ward Islands.

Details of the scheme were threshed out over the next four years
and, on 18th'October 1950, the Grenada Legislature passed an
Ordinance giving effect to it in thbeColony. The first pract-
ical step came on 28th November of that year when the Secretary
of State for the Colonies appointed the first British Caribbean
Currency Board (BCCB).

- continued -

- 1 .-. 1 _- > A 1 t'

---- --------~--~ -------^-------


The personnel of that Board was -:-
H A Cuke, O.B.E. representing Barbados
E F McDavid, C.N.G. C.B.E. do. British Guiana
E A Thompson do. The Leeward Islands
A R W Robertson C B E. do. Trinidad & Tobag6
L Cools-LArtigue do.' The Windward Islands
Louis Spence was appointed Executive Commissioner on the Board.

It was agreed that currency notes be printed in denominations of
$100, $20,"$10, $5, $2 and $1, and they were first put into cir-
circulation'in Grenada on August 1Sth.*1951. Trinidad & Tobago
notes remained legal tender in Grenada but all other notes were un-
acceptable except notes issued by Barclays Bank.

It took another four years before currency coin was introduced.
Until thea, British.coin had been in use, $1.00 being taken as equal
to four shillings and two pence (100 half-pennies), but was repla ed
in 1955 by special coinage struck for the Currency Board by the
Royal Mint in the United-Kingdom.

Coins Of The ZBCB StruqF 955. -:
I Value (Grains) Composition Edges
S.50 .Cents 200 Copper,75% Milled
Nickle '2'5
.25 Cents 100 do. do.
.10 Cents 40 do. do.
S.05 Cents 77.16 Copper ,Nickle
r' & Zinc Plain
.02 145.83 Copper, Tin &
Zinc do.
.01 87.5 do, do.
.005 43.75 do. do.

The obverse of all these coins show the Cecil Thomas effigy of Her
SMajesty the Queen of England surrounded by the inscription, "Queen
Elizabeth The Second". The reverses all have the inscription,
"British Caribbean Territories Eastern Group" with the value and
date and show, respectively, for the 50 cents,for the 25, 10 and 5
cents, and for the 2, 1 and 1 cents, the combined Arms of the part-
icipating territories, Sir Francis Drake:Is ship the "Golden Hind",
and crossed palm branches. In thB third group, the 2 cent piece
is the exception in that it does not have the crossed palm branches

The intention had been to introduce the 10,5,2,1 and cent coins
first and, on November 8th 1955, the S S-"Sudbury Hill" landed.20
cases of coin shipped from Britain. It was found, however, that
the consignment contained only 10 and 5 cent pieces, and these were
put into circulation on November 15th.1955.
continued -

Week Ending 17.4.82

Page 25

Page 26 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 17.4.82

In the meanwhile, with effect from 2nd February 1955, currency notes
issued by British Guiana, Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago lost the
status of legal tender in Grenada and, with the introduction of thb
coinage in November that year, the commencement of withdrawal of
British coinage began.

With the break up of the West Indies Federation in 1962 and the coming
of insular independence to the ex-British Colonies, Trinidad & Tobago,
Barbados and Guyana broke away from the grouping and the British
Caribbean Currency Board was replaced by the East Caribbean Currency
Authority (ECCA) which withdrew the old currency notes and issued
notes of its own.

The coins now put in circulation by ECCA are in 6 denominations, 1
cent, 2 cents-, 5 cents, 10 cents, 25 cents and $1.00.

ECCA Coins Issued 1st April 1982
Diameter -Wegnht.-
VI ne .. (mm) (g2rama' Shhpe Edge
1 Dollar Aluminiun 27 ,8 Round Milled
25 Cents Cupro-
Nickel 23.98 6.48 Round Milled
10 Cents do. 18.06 2.59 Round Milled
5 Cents Aluminium 23.11 1.30 8 Scallops Plain
2 Cents Aluminium 21.46 1 Square Plain
1 Cent Aluminium 18.42 .78 8 Scallops Plain

The obverse of all these coins show the Arnold Machin portrait of Her
Majesty The Queen of England surrounded by the inscription, Queen
Elizabeth The Second, and the reverses of the $1.00, 25 cents and 10
cents show Sir Francis Drake's ship the "Golden Hind" and carry the
inscription, "East Caribbean States 1981" with the appropriate
denomination in both numerals and words.

The reverses of the 5 cents, 2 cents and 1 cent all show crossed palm
branches surrounded by the inscription, "East Caribbean States 1981"
with the denominational value in numerals between the palm branches
and the value in words below the branches.

The BCCB coins will continue to be legal tender in the participating
territories (Grenada, St Vincent, St Lucia, .Dominica, Antigua,
St Kitts/Nevis and Montserrat) until further notice, but the public
has been requested to surrender to any of the Commercial Banks oper-
ating in.any of the territories, all BCCB 1 cent, 2 cent and 5 cent
coins held by them. This request does pot extend to the BCCB 10
cents, 25 cents and 50 cents coins.

i A t HughEs Cynthia Hughes
17th April 1982
Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Ali jer & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada, Westindies

Full Text