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MlAtit6r) t* renT 4"1 Vetas *.n.a Swd O so e can be
said, and to charge thk .t agil# braiQ $1';| a speedy and just
Archdeacon Hugginj cAlle onGrenadgmns ;to gf forward, under God,
to build a better land for themselves.and for posterity, and he
warned against the mistake of trying to develop and build Grenada
"Let us put God in our nation's life and rededicate our lives
afresh to Him", he said. t"Let us in the.confidence that He is
with us, that He is in control, that He is not dead, that he is the
greatest, go forward undismayed and unafraid, giving to God and God
alone the kingdom,, the power and the glory, and the full surrender
of our lives, nhW and forever."
HIGH PASSING SCORE FQU M? SI&H)L
The St Georges Univerfsity SchoaT of -aiclne, -hich has its main
campus in Grenada, has d6ne well agaii in the examination set by
the United States Education Commislion for Foreign Medical Grad-
According to releases from the School, which was founded in 1977,
96% of the Charter Class passed the ECFMG examination in 1981 and,
in a second ECFMG examination last year, the School made an 84%
passing score, running second only to Israelts Tel-Aviv University
which had a 100% score.
The BCFMG is a non-profit organisation sponsored by 7 org4nisationd
including the American Medical Association, and its examinstions
are compulsory for foreign medical school graduates seeking gradu-
ate education ia the United States.
In a list published by the St Georges University School of Medicine
showing the results of 56 non-Amer6ian medical schools with 10 or
more students taking the ECFMG exams in 1981, following Tel-Aviv
University and St-Georges University, the University of the East
located in the Philippines was the only other institution to score
above 75%. The University of thbe st'hs' ;a easing score of 77%.
Results of-other institutions in the Caribbean region, according tq
the litt published by the St Georges University are :-
University of Dominica, Dominica, 49%
American University of the Caribbean, Montserrat 49%
Universidad Nac, fedro Hen. Urena, Dominican Rep. 46%
Inst. Tech. de Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 36%
Univ. Central Del BSte., Dominican Republic 22%
Univ. Nordestana, Dominican Republic 20%
Univ. de Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 18%
Universidad C.lt.E.., Dominican Republic 14%
SUniv. Catolica Marde y Maestre, DOW. Republic 6 .3
Universidad de la Habana, Cuba -continued 0
MI lk 44SMlkA' 1Weefk .i2 f 42
The following officers were elected for the ensuing year :-
P B Fredericks sEq (Guyana) President .
SR, Goddard Esq (Barbados) 1st Vice-President
Mrs Angela Smith (Grenada) ;2nd Vice-President
Cecil Outridge Esq. Secretary'
Mrs Smith told NEWSLETTER that the Bermuda meeting had been a good
one and it is being realized more and mote that CEC is a vital
factor in the development of .industrial relations in the Caribbean.
The next Interim (mid-year) meeting of CEC will beheld in Antigua
in October next, and the next Annual General Meeting in Barbados in
ARCHDEACON CALLS FOR DETAINEES' REBEASE
Preaching at an ecumenical service held at the Roman Catholic
Cathedral in St Georges on Sunday' 14th" March to za ,ir the 3rd
anniversary of the March 13th 1979 revolution., the Venerable
Anglican Archdeacon of Grenada Hoskins Huggins said the revo-
lution marked a turning poin-t in Grenadats history .
"And now he said, "as we look back at the. three years.since the
revolution, the call,to examine national life in the light of God's
Word and Law is of great urgency."
Since theChurch is the fellowship of the faithful he said, it
must .bring the grace of God into. every human fellowship which..,
*xists, in the family, the tgwn,. thbe trade union, the mass organ-
isation, the army,and the nation:
i'he Archdeacon said that, since the Church has a duty to perform
with regard to all public life, it is impossible to divide nation-
al life, as some wish to do,:he said, into two mutually exclusive
spheres, one.. f which belongs to the State and the other to the
"State policy and industrial organisation involve both technical
problems and moral issues" -Archdeacon Huggins said. "On no-
M oral istue cani the--Church consent to be silenced and :%pid not
to interfere."^ *- ,-
Archdeacon Huggins took the opportunity to express deep concern
flr the detainees held in prison by the Peoples Revolution.ary
Government,, detainees, he said, whob~ ave been in, prison, for many
'"'e call upon government as we have dane man' times before", he
said, "both publicly and privately in our many dialogues with the
.rime Minister '(and. want almost to plead on bended knees to the
Week Ending 20.3.82 THE GRENADA NESlBTTE Page 19
CARD: ADULT EDUCATE IMQPNT
Delivering th fe ture address on March 17th at the opening of a-4-
day seminar for officials of the Centre for Popular Bducaticonm
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Bernard <6ard high-
lighted three reasons why it is important to conduct adult education
These reasons, 'ee. said, ae, first, that such cIa4ses develop the'
human personality, secondly, ate important in the development of the
economy and, thirdly, promote greater participation by enadians
in the "process" being developed by the Peoples Revolutionary
"If we achieve only these three objectives in ouradult education '
drive", he said, '"we can consider ourselves to have been tremen-
dously successful in adheiving our objectives. : ,
Mr Coard said that,, over the next year, operating on.a phased plan
and consistent with 'what is logistiC lly feasible' it is hoped
to draw some 12,000 adults into the adult education programme.
The seminar was opened officially by Minister 6o Education
SMITH RRPRRSBNTS GBF AT CBC MBETINGO
The Grenada EmployerS Federation (GEF) was represented by Mrs Angela
Smith, GEP' President, at"the 22nd: Annual General Meeting of the
Caribbean Employers Confederation, held i:i Bermuda from March 3id to
The meeting was opened by' erlmuda s Minister ofdi'k e Affairs, ir
John Shatp'arid, CE P-s idbdnt:, Mr p Frede'rick,' itni"is address'
to the i'eetiing'eferred espe~ialiy o unemployment, -foreign
exchange problems and the serious down-turn in international markets
where the region's main export commodities are traded.
Mr Fredericks referred also to the United States Caribbean Basin
Initiative, and expressed the view that U.S.President Reagans'
recent remarks relative to assisting countries to realise their
economic potential were encouraging.
Among matters discussed by the meeting was the propbseddevelopment,
of a relationship between CBC and the Caribbean Association-of
Industry & Commerce (CAIC). A Committee'ipaper relative to
discussions held with CAIC was presented and the meeting decided
that the matter be persued.
-g.e .18 THE GRBENA N ~SLgTTER, Week Ending 20.3.82
'I DEIGGS ATTENDS HEALTH MEETING IN CUBA
Deputy Minister of Health Chris DeRiggs recently returned from Cuba
where he attended' meeting of senior Health Officials from over 50
countries "of the Nonh-Aigned Movement.
The meeting discussed a plan of action for implementation of adequate
health facilities for all by the year 2000, and it proceeds a major
onsuitation of Minister of Health of Noh-Alighen countries expected
expected to be held next year.
FAO GIVES FERTILIZER
The United Nations Food;& Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has donated
270 metric tons of fertilizer to Grenada as a result of negotiations
made last year with FAO by Minister of Agriculture George Louison.
This fertilizer, Which is already in Grenada, is to be used to boost
vegetable production, and proceeds from its sale to farmers .are to
be used as *a fertilizer revolving fund,
KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Provisional figures released by Government's Central Statistical
Office (CSO) show that private remittances to the island in 1981
reached the record figure of BC$36s8 million. In a note accom-
panying the figures, CSO said this is an increase of 21% over the
1980 figure, but there are indications now that the rate of increase
Non-traditional exports (especially clothing) were in a strong
position last year and helped to push total exports to EC$49.7
million, an increase of 9.3% over 1980. Of, the traditional
exports, cocoa was up 4.3% but nutmegs/mace and bananas were both
down by: 5.9% and 9.9% respectively.
Imports for 1981 rose by 6.9% to EC$144.9 million, making the trade
deficit for the year EC$95.2 million. This is an increase of
EC$5.2 million as compared with the 1980 trade deficit.
Due to delays in returns from the Customs Department, CSO was
forced to make an estimate of Customs revenue for December, and on
the basis of that estimate, Government revenue rose in 1981 by
1.8% to EC$47.8 million as compared with 1980,
in December 1981, the Interim Retail Price Index stood at 167.7, a
rise of 10,5% over December 1980, and the Index of the value of
retail sales was 140.5, a fall of 3.2% compared with December 1980.
Week Ending 20,-3.82 THE GORNADA NEWSLETTER Page 17
PRG RETURNS COKE PLANT
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has returned the Coca
Cola bottling plant to W E Julien & Co Ltd, the authorised bottlers
of Coke in Grenada.
The plant was seized by the PRG on September 21st 1979 as a result
of an industrial dispute and strike involving the.Commercial & In-
dustrial Workers Union (CIWU) headed by Mr Vincent Noel, then..PRG
Minister of Home Affairs.
The circumstances are that following dismissal of two workers, all
but 7 of the 43 employees at the plant walked off the job in protest
At that time, there was no union representation, but the Company
held talks with Mr Noel and recognition was given to CIWU. The
strike continued and there iws violence at the plant which the
Company then closed.
Negotiations failed to solve the disputewhich was referred to the
then PRG Minister for Labour Selwyn Strachan. No solution having
been reached as a result of Mr Strachan's mediation, he, "acting in
the interest of the public', gave the Combany a deadline to reopen
the plant and rehire all the workers with full wages, "pending the
report of a committee to be agreed by all relevant parties."
Julian & Co did not comply with the instructions to reopen and re-
hire and, on an authorisation fxoeNMr Strachan, the PQlice demanded
and collected the keys of they plant from Mr Sandy Taylor, Managing
Director of the Company.
The PRG took immediate possession of the plant and continued pro-
duction, but there was a boycott of the plant's products by some
sections of the Commercial Community and the general public in pro-
test against Governmentts action..
Addressing a meeting of the Caribbean Association of Industry &
Commerce held in Grenada at that time, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
said the PRG had intervened in the matter because it had "decided as
a matter of executive right that it was in the interest of the coun-
try to keep production moving, to ensure that the people were able
to receive coco-cola as usual, to ensure that the workers did not
have to wait an undue period before the conflict was resolved ...."
Mr Taylor confirmed to NEWSLETTER that the plant had been given back
to his Company on March 1st, but declined to give any further infor-
mation or comment.
d ,_ ,, :.' ,. .. ..,, .',
,, j'**?". xrc.*'k,-
"ge 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.3.82
GDP TEL PHON TEAM IN GRENADA
A 5-man delegation from the German Democratic Republic (GDR).has
concluded discussions here with the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment and the Grenada telephone Company relative to the proposed
upgrading and expansion of the Government'owned telephone system
'ie present system has 3,160 lines spread over 7 exchanges in the
island and, on the basis of a US$13 million line of credit from
-the GDR, it is proposed to add 3,800 new lines and connect the
sister island d of Carriacou and Petit Martinique into the system
-hrough a radio link.
Equipment for the new system is to be supplied by the GDR and is
-xpected to be in operation by the end of this year.
NATIONAL BUS SERVICE
Grenada'S National Bus Service goes' nto operation officially on
Monday March 22nd with a fleet of 26 busses (26-seaters) which
arrived from Japan on February 13th.
Purchase of these busses was facilitated by a EC$1 milliongrant
from a special fund of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC), and Manager of ,the National Bus Company,
Mr Egbert Francis, has appealed for public cooperation.
"This word of 'we bus and we should do what we feel like with-
it' ", he said, "I ask you please to desist now."
`/r Francis said the busses are indeed "we bus", that is, they
belong to all Grenadians, but the public must pay when they ride
on them and he appealed especially to the youth to stop haggling
about being able to get on and off the vehicles as they wish and
free of cost.
Fourteen busses will operate in St Georges parish, 3 in St Andrews,
2 in St Patricks and one bus each in St Marks, St Johns and
SURINAM GIVES RICE
The Government of Surinam has donated 150 tons of rice to the
Peoples Revolutionary Government.
This rice arrived in Grenada early in March and will be sold
-hrough the National Marketing & Importing Board at regular
wholesalee and retail prices.- ......-
THE GRBNADA NEWSLTTaR
Property valued under BC$5,000.00 pay? no tax. Other rates
Property Valued Between.. .Rae of Tax
EC$. 15,00.00Q and EC$ 39,999.00 .1
EC$ 40,000.00 and EC$ 99,999.00 .25%
BC$100,000.00 and EC$199,999.00 .4%
Property valued EC$200,000.OO and over .5%
Commercial properties will pay .8% and property used mainly for
agricultural purposes will pay .1%.
Late last year, assessors from the Valuation Division of the Min-
istry of Planning viewed property throughout the State but there
have been many complaints that property has been over valued.
An official of the Valuation Division said last month that there
have been organisationall problems" arising from the property
survey because most of the people doing the survey were untrained
persons drawn from the ranks of the unemployed. Property owners
have been invited to appeal against assessments.
,'.. r f,-l9w m i.-, ,
BISHOP VISITS VENEZUELA
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman
held discussions on,,March 18th inCaracas with Venezuela's Presi-
dent Louis Herrera Campins on the status of the Cooperation Agree-
ment"between Grenada and Venezuela.
An official statement in St Georges on March 19th said Mr Bishop
and Mr Whiteman were on-a one-day state visit to Venezuela and
discussions included'implementation of those aspects of the
Venezuela/Grenada Agreement which have not yet materialized.
The statement said there were also discussions on the political
and economic situation in the Caribbean and Central America, and
on the United States Caribbean Basin Initiative.
According to the statement, Mr Bishop held a press conference at
which he reaffirmed his opposition to what was called "United
States intervention in El Salvador and Nicaragua", and he renewed
his call for the Caribbean to be declared a zone of peace. The
Prime Minister also "cleared up a number of distortions about
Grenada which have been appearing in the Venezuelan press."
Week Ending 20.3.82
T/tA/OED /744 Rq 0uST 1977
For The Week Ending arch 20j j 18~,9
10th Year of Publication -2 L 266th JBsue
Volume 10 Nuer 4
CARD PRESENTS RECORD BUDGET
Grenadians .have been presented with a record 1982 budget which
exceeds BC$214 million*
Addressing a kally at- the Na.tiroal Convention Centte on March
9th, Miniiter of Finance Bernard C.oard said the major part of
the budget, 1C$134 million, has been. allocated to capital pro-
"These finds are not being speat to patch reads but to-build
roads and reconstruct roads", :he said, "to build factories and
expand factories, to help expand hotel capacity, to increase
the fishing fleet, to expand our telephone sYstem to serve our
people, to increase our electricity generating capacity, to ex-
pand the land under cultivation 4nd the amount of goods we can
produce locally for our people and'for export.
When this investment begins to "bite and take full effet*',
he said, the foundations and basis for real, serious and sus-
tained-eenfaomic -growth will have been laid,
The Finance Minister said the capital budget lay 'emphasis on
agriculture which is the island's main foreign exchange earn-
er. BC$28 million have been allocated to this Head, the
greatest allocation going to construction fa 63.5 miles of
Additionally,; in. connect io 'with agriculture, C$4. miLUac
have been allocated for development of idle lands and to cre~*
at'. jobs on State Farms and cooperatives for some 1000
youths. The Mirabeau Agricaltural School is tq have
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Box 65, St4Georges, Grenada, Wistindies
Week Ending 20.3. 82 THE GQRMADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
role and approach of the'Caribbean press."
The Prime Minister said that, more and more, people in the region
have come to understand that "this much touted free responsible
press" they have heard so much about is really mythology. When
it is being pretended that five and six.voices are speaking for the
region, the people of the region are coming to understand more and
more that it is the same voice, he said.
~ w.. %-: *- **.: 4 .
BISHOP SAYS "GOVERNMENT OF LAWS" IS MYTH -
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told a conference of lawyers here on
March 10th they must keep in mind that Governments are composed of
men and women who make laws according to prevailing material real-
ities and the balance of forces between the exploited and the
"The official slogan of the Establishment that what we have is a
government of laws and not of men is more a myth than a reality",
Mr Bishop was delivering the feature address at the opening session
of a two-day conference of the American Association of Jurists' held
at the National Conference Centre at Morne Rouge, St Georges.
Purpose of the conference was a debate on a Caribbean perspective
of human rights in the 1980s.
The Prime Minister said the law of a country develops around pre-
vailing economic realities of the age, andiis a system of legal-
relations which has a direct bearing and relationship to the
material relations in the society.
"The law, therefore," he said, "is,'first:and foremost, an express.-
ion of the balance of forces between the oppressed and the oppress-
or, between the exploiter and the exploited."
Mr Bishop said the question of what laws get on the statute books
is always a question of the strength of the oppressed and the
question of which laws are enforced on a regular basis i always"
in part, an expression of the balance of forces between exploiter
Represented at this conference wer deega2atgs from Montserrat,
St Vincent, St Lucia, the Bahamas/ Canada, the United Kingdom and
the United States. The delegation from the U.S. comprised rep-
resentatives from the Conference of Black Lawyers, the National
Lawyers Guild and lawyers from the United States Virgin Islands.
- continued -
P-age 0. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20,3.82
The conference was under the chairmanship of Mr Carol Bristol, Presi-
dent of the Grenada Law Society.
NO HUMAN RIGHTS WITHOUT STRUGGLE
luman rights have always come only after struggle.
This opinion was expressed on March 10th by Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop as he addressed the opening session of a conference of lawyers
called by the American Association of Jurists to discuss the theme,
humann Rights in-the 80s, a Caribbean Perspective."
"Notwithstanding the mythology of the: law that laws come naturally,
that some laws and.rights exist from birth".,, he said, ."the truth
.f the matter is that every single importapt;,right under the..aw
which today is taken for granted in many countries,(and in many
more countries these laws and rights still do not exist),every
single one of those, rights came after a' striiggle by the ordinary
working people ."- ... -
As an example of this, Mr Bishop said the abolition of slavery did
not come about:because of a change of heat oi' the kindness of
anyone, or by development of a new philosophy, but bily when the
struggles of the slaves forced the Slave masters to consider
whether "it:was worthwhile risking, o a nightly basis, a new slave
He said also that slavery was abolished when the economic realities
cf the age made it more prudent and desirable to move to a new form
of exploitation* -: 4-'
'he Prime Minister cited several other areas in which, he said,
human rights were established only atte- struggle, andlhe said the
way in,which' laws atr, consolidated and the way in which new laws
are brought into existence are always dependent on a number of'
Among these questions, he said, is that of whlch class is in power
("is it:.the. working class or the ruling claSs"), ,how strong are
.the opposing forces ("what:is the respective balance between ex-
ploiter and exploited"), what is the size of the particular class,;
what is the level of organisation, what is the level of unity
prevailing and what international links and connections they have.
o ... ... ... ,.
"e 12 THE GR2NADK NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.3.82
BISHOP: WORKERS MUST EXAMINE BOOKS
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said here on March 10th that his Govern-
ment will struggle along three specific aspects to maintain and expand
human rights in Grenada
Mr Bishop was, at the time, delivering the feature addWess at the
pDening of a conference of lawyers called by the American Assoc-
tion of Jurists, and he defined the. aspects as, first, a struggle
to restore to the statute books laws which brought benefits to the
working peoplebut which have been taken -away. Secondly, to ensure
that beneficial laws how on the statute.books are notitaken away and.
irdly, to' struggle for an expansion of existing rights.
This expansion, he said, must take place in the fields of housing,,
--mployment, health care and education. According to Mr Bishop,
:nese rights must be entrenched in the Constitution and: the struggle
for these rights must start from -the premise':that there can be no
equality before the law if there is no social equality.
The Prime Minister referred to' :paper rights" entrenched in all
Constitutions and said.they are irrelevant.unless thought is taken
of deeper .considerations For example, he cited the right of
'Freedom of Expression' and said it could be relevant only if
people are not too hungry or tired to, express .themselves, and if.
"appropriate grass roots mechanisms" exist through which the people
can participate effectively.
': Bishop referred also to .the "Right to. Work". and said, that that
right can be relevant only ki4someone can get. a job, if people have
*he right to form and join trade unions, to have those trade unions
-.cognised, and to have the right not tobe arbitrarily dismissed.
'And certainly in Grenada", he said, ."we view this question of the
*.ight tc ,Work as also including the right to know what's happening
;n your work-place, the right, not only to be involved but .the right
to help to make decisions, the right to be able to examine books,. the
right to be able to know what are the production targets, what are
the possibilities for profit, 'what role can I have in that and, at'
the end of the year when profits are:made, the right also to share
in those profits.
NEEHALL SAYS CHURCH HAS POSSIBILITIES FOR "SUBVERSION"
The Reverend Dr Roy.Neehall, Secretary General of the Caribbean Con-
rence of Churches, said in Grenada on: March llth that the Christ-
.in Church in the Caribbean still has possibilities to engage in
r..ubversive activities" as the Church has done throughout the ages.
The aisrvtA1-E1tPoas"0 ila thet4A a a &.e"h a e
the number of students frm eac inst tut on taking the examiation;
According to a release from the School, among medical schools with
the largest nuwper q4 tof mtet, Agb 4 lt l Az f lECP mail-
inatioh, St Georges University students outscored students of other
medical bools By' 25: pierte dicgf t!' :' 4
According to a notice _dated bi Wr~chis 198, iitied'b 4iie Mntiiier
Maurice'Bishop and appearing in fhe GOvernment, Gawt.te .df M4ath 12th
19p2, the Mingitry of Communications & Wor.s is. now ,t be known aps thd
Ministry of Cohstruction and Public Utilifties.
This Ministry, which is headed by General Hudson Austin, is respon-
sible for (a) the Nat ional Transport Sy tfl (imifudtng.'roads), r .
Public Works (including maintenance), (p) Pprts, Ai4ports.and, (d)
publicc Utilities (including electricity, postal services, telegraph,
-elecommunications and water supp.y)..
EAS^G yiB& AN CURBNY, ALEQI TYU.
Statement of Assets & Liabil t es
*- -f L 2' N r' ; ,, -..7
As at 31st December 1982
As Published In The Government Gazette of 10th March 1982
-:- ^----- - : -
"Note :S Ciitulation
Coin; 4,C4C1f.lation .
t presented' Cheque:@ -
S.v Internation4l Organisat iqs
O*thf &Liabifltrei-' 'C
: ^ "* .*i)
S"-' 122 9i,'12
- i 44 45,392,975
S:. < 4 4 n .4 *'c$238,i80,650
ii )ff-: 1,: ; ~ I .~ LD
4 I44* <
.r- '. ~ ,. - !. ..-t -* ~ K..
,iAed.Deposits.& Money t Call 81,43 974
SecurH'At s .14, M0?
S-t'- WIegA teal'Ourrencies ".-2,41, 461 ,. -
Bankers 9,.lances 48Q7,589 186,137,863
S^ Participa g f Goyrne nt Sec4urities
including Treasury Billi 45,863,101
Other Assets 6,075,686
S 44. d"n:i- 2 Ei ,0*650
^ : * *: i 1 -1 '- ** + ; *' : ,. ** : '* : ,| ~ i l l .i ~-[ .l .
j i -^s, f- l : ..,
Alis ghes C- .;ytMa Ughe .
30th N*tcb 198 .
.r tead & Published trby .w-EtpriettI :
of* Alit*tm &.Cynthia lHujghes, .JGre tnalistst ,
Sof Scott Street,
Pge 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending O 0.3.82
logue and close the door on it, we are still committed, even though
it may mean bearing a cross, .to continue to struggle for that kind
ALEXANDER ACCUSES T & T POLICE OF REPRESSION
,.ell known Trinidad & Tobago "progressive" barrister, Mr Allan
Alexander charged hred on Mardh llth that a division of the Trinidad
& Tobago Police Force is being used to repress certain sections of
the community .
Mr Alexander was addressing a conference of lawyers called by the
American Association of Jurists to discuss a Caribbean perspective
-,f human rights in the 1980s, and he told the conference that the
Irinidad & Tobago Police Force recently has established a "tactical
"The purpose of that tactical unit is to put fear in the minds of
people", he said. '"the tactical unit is being used to repress
people such as the Rastafarians whom, the Establishment under-
stands, do not accept the system which is in being."
Mr Alexander said that 99%< of the cases of police brutality in
Trinidad are not brought before the Courts and are not even related
to lAwyers because victims :of'ths brutality fear if they take the
matter to Court, they will be opening themselves to further bru-
The Trinidad barrister~advOcated formation' of "legal collectives",
the existence of which would be a deterrent to the Police.
'Inthe absence of a legal collective to whichal person brutalised
by the Police can go' and where he will feel-safe having brought
his case to that legal collective", Mr Alexander said. "the bru-
tality will continue."
NEW PROPERTY TAX RATES PUBLISHED
Minister of Finance Bernard Coard has published the rates of
house tax applicable under the new Taxes Management (Amendment)
Law which was passed, in- January. The, rates appear in an
official Order, number 4/1982, made by Mr Coard on March 19th.
Traditionally, house tax has been payable on the assessed rental
alue of the premises. The new law departs from this, basing
'he tax on a percentage of the value of the property, and the
schedule of rates now published divides properties into seven
ategories. continued -
Week Ending 20.3.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
Dr Neehall said he did not want .to be misunderstood but, in situat-
ions where human rights are being violated, there is always the need
of providing opportunities for those concerned and particularly for
those who are the victims, to be able to keep their spirits buoyed
up, to make their plans and organise for action.
The Secretary General's statements came in his address to a confer-
ence of lawyers called by the American Association of Jurists to
discuss a Caribbean perspective of human rights in the 1980s.
"I make no apology for the fact that, even though we cannot now dis-
close all the facts about some of tthese involvements", he said,"that
we have been involved ourselves in the Caribbean Conference of
Churches in providing such opportunities for people who were opp-
ressed and under privileged."
Sometimes, he said, it is necessary to smuggle a duplicating
machine into a country to provide means for a particular group to
express their concern and fight for their human.rights. He did
not apologise for this, he said, or for the fact that sometimes a
Bishop of the Church has to carry large sums of money in his pocket
to provide funds for people on strike against Government violations
of human rights.
"I do not apologist for.any ofthese actions which may be classified
as subversive", he said, I"as long as it was done in the name of
justice for all, for the freedom of those who are oppressed, and'so
that those of our people who still do not know what it is to be able
to move towards achievement of their full human destiny, may begin
to get some understanding of their own potential."
The theme of Dr Neehallts address was "The Role of the Church in the
Struggle for Human Rights", and he said there will be moments in the
struggle in various parts of the Caribbean when every other voice
but the Church's will be silenced.
"There is a sense in which, because of the nature of the insti-
tution of the Church", he said, "that it can expect to have,for a
longer period of time,.the freedom to be able to speak out in a
prophetic manner and to speak out particularly on behalf of those
who have been deprived of the privilege and right to speak."
Another aspect of the role of the Church in the Caribbean, he said,
is the opportunity it has to engage in constant dialogue with those
who are now involved in maintaining the systems and structures that
cause some people to be subjected to under-privilege and oppression.
"It is still possible to have that kind of dialogue within the
framework of the Church, Dr Neehall said, "and it is important to
recognize that, even when some other institutions, organizations
and people might give up completely on the whole process of dia-
week aEnng 2u.3.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
AAJ SUPPORTS PRG v
Ms. Deborah Jackson, Secretary General of the American Association
of Jurists (AAJ), disclosed on March 10th that the 5th Conference of
her organisation, held last year in Managua, Nicaragua, passed a
resolution "to support the Government and people.of free Grenada in
their just struggle to build, without interference, a just and demo-
Ms. Jackson was addressing a conference of lawyers called.by.AAJ to
discuss a Caribbean perspective of human rights in the 1980s, and
she said this conference.was being held in Grenada because it.tis.
important for "progressive lawyers and activists" to-continue to
support the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) of Grenada.
The Secretary General said that, in further support of the reso-
lution passed by AAJ .last year, the 6th Conference of AAJ will be
held in Grenada in 1983.
P.M. DISCLOSES U.S. CRIME STATISTICS
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, addressing a conference of lawyers
here on March 10th, disclosed statistics relative to crime in'the
United States of America, which statistics, he said, have been
published by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
These statistics, Mr Bishop said, show that, in the United Stares,
every 2 seconds a crime .is committed, every 4 seconds larceny is
committed, every .8 seconds assault and robbery is committed, every
28 seconds, a car is stolen, every 48 seconds someone is beaten up,
every 58 seconds a hold-up takes place, every 6 minutes a woman is
raped and every 23 minutes, someone is murdered.
"These are the statistics of the model society", he said, "of what
stability and security and democracy mean for many, many people in
the United States t.
In 1980, Mr Bishop said, the FBI statistics show declared rape cases
rose to 8?,000, half a million people were robbed, 650,000 were held
up and 23,000 were murdered.
"That is the country of great human rights", the Prime Minister
said, "the country of perfect and ideal democracy. In Grenada
today, when a murder takes place, that is exactly the same like
saying a war has broken out in some country, some part of the world,
it is such-a rare event."
w -.. ..
... ,.,, :.
L ~ _
page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.3.82
"That is why we take a ftndamentall different approach-to the attempts
by the United statess ib tell the Catibbeadi development Bank that they
will give money on condition that Gienada is ekdluded"j he said, be-
cause part of the charter of the CDA does oibt ialow for that 'kind of
discrimination and, as a regional institution, it is premised"on the
basis of full cooperation.!i
GRENADA pVLOPiNG BETTER RELATIONSHIPS WITU NEIGHBOURS.
Since the revolution of'13thiMarch 19t, ,the Peoples' Revolutionary
'-Jvernment has mademe'sme progress' twards 'developing'a better
relationship with neighboring nations iin th1'" gionA.'
'his opinion was expressed by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop at a
press conference on Marih 14th, but he said that, although the ''m-
provement in rela tions would 'not be obvious if oh'e just followed
newspaper reports, there ar 'ways 'in which the improvements can be
One way, he said, was the disappearance of the "phenomenon of the
first few months when 'sme' of these Governmeii' 'tried to keep us'
out of regidnall institutions.
"You will recall problems in the first few weeks with LIAT, the ,,
national airline", he said. You will recall problems within the'
first few weeks with the Eastern Caribbean Currency Authority.
You will recall problems within the' first few weeks with even
attending CARICOM meetings" .
The Primx'Minister said- that that stage of the struggle ii'n bw
ever because the PRG has made it clear that Grenada ii part of the
region. The PPG intehds to remanha' part of all'regiohnal is
stitutions to Which the island belongs and, because the iPRaas
insisted on Grenada's right to be present, the attempts at'keep-
ing out Grenada have stopped.
Mr Bishop's'aid also that "''at' an uinfficial level, relations '
have improved ''a great deal in that, at various conferences at-
tended by the PRG, representatives of the Goveruient have found,
recently, that they are able to engage in long, intensive, frank
and open discussions with all Governments of the region except one
which he declined to name.
"At the level of the Caribbean masses it is"Our definite assessment'
at this time that the Grenada 'revolution has: made. a lot of prog 'es
n terms of a greater understanding by regional masses about what
'e are trying to do, about what is really happening in Grenada",
-'r Bishop said, "and a much greater appreciation by them of the
Week Ending 20.3.82
of hostility, ecohomiC and political aggression, threats and interr
fqence, subversion and counter-revolutionary propaganda, can never
be ground for the sober and constructive dialogue that the world
needs at this,time."
"WESTMINISTER CORPSE" LAID TO REST
Prime Minister' Maurice Bishop told .a "Revolution Day" rally on
March 13th that, as his Peoples Revolutionary Government confirmed
that organisation is the greatest weapon, the Governments convict-
ion became doubly reinforced that it is only mass participation and
revolutionary democracy which can move the country forward.
"As we lay to rest in Grenada the Westminister corpse", he said,
"we iecall'with .admiration the prophetic words, uttered over 60,
years ago by our great democrat and patriot, T Albert Marryshow,
that, one day, a great spirit of democracy would come to level up
and level down this Grenada of ours."
Mr Bishop said that Marryshow, one of Grenada,'s national heroes,
would be happy today if he had lived to see "thefulfilment of his
prophecy that democracy is leveling up and leveling down in our
PRG WELCOMES U.S. BILATERAL AID
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said at a press conference here on
March 14th that everyone in the region at Governmental level under-
stands clearly what the position.of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) is on the need for Caribbean integration, the-.need
for the fullest Caribbean cooperation and unity.
"All of them understand very well that our perspective in that we
have absolutely no objection to the United States maintaining
bilateral relations", he said, "and on a bilateral basis giving aid
to any territory in the region."
Mr Bishop was, at the time, answering questions relative to the
United States Caribbean Basin Initiative, and he said that, not
only does the PRG not oppose bilateral aid from the U.S., but
bilateral aid is-welcomed and demanded "in part.payment for all the
years of imperialist exploitation.of.the islands A3 the region."
The Prime Minister said it is quite another thing when efforts are
made to subvert regional institutions which "our people have spent
hundreds of years struggling to try to build."
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
\ge_'6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Sending 20.3,82
nationalist, approach will be emphasized and accentuated.
"Mr Reagan says his plan will bring stability to the region", he said
"That is not only hypocritical nonsense but what is clear is that
Reagan's bilateral approach will certainly help to destroy regional
unity, a unity which our people have fought and struggled for over
hundreds of years."
BISHOP REPEATS CALL FOR CARIBBEAN AS ZONE OF PEACE
Prime: Minister .Maurice Bishop has repeated d his call for the Caribbean
Sea to be declared a "Zone of Peate"t.
"Oair view remains that military task forces, air and sea patrols and
all military maneuvers by-foreign powers in our region must be out-
lawed once and for all", he said.
This .call dame at a rally held on March 13th to commemorate the 3rd
anniversary of the March l13th 1979 revolution, and the Prime Minister
said his Government feels that all military bases and installations
must be removed from the territories of Latin American and Caribbean
countries that do not want them.
In his address, Mr Bishop touched also on the question of world peace
which, he said, is so dominant that all other questions 'are dependent
Ilr Bishop-said the "pivotal challenge" confronting all "progressive
humanity" is the struggle for peace and to safeguard mankind from
nuclear war destruction. The struggle against war and the
struggle for "peoples democracy and economic independence" are
identical, he said..
"Not only are the working people of the world demanding an end to
war and threats of war", he said, "but with equally strident shouts
they demand economic and social justice and an end to exploitation
The Prime Minister said that, in World War II, the "anti-facist
movement led by the fighting workers and peasants of many countries"
paid a bitter, bloody price in destruction and death over 6 years
to defeat Germany's Adolph Hitler. Today, he said, mankind can
be destroyed in only a few minutes by nuclear weapons, and Grenadians
realise the "imperialist threat to world peace" will not vanish on its
own but must* be confronted and fought.
'We are under no illusions that the real,blame for the increased
international tension rests fully with Washington's attempt to seek
world domination once more", he said. "President Reagan's policy
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Copies of the printed figures of the 1982 budget are not yet avail-
BISHOP: REAGAN'S CBI A "CONFIDENCE GAME"
President Ronald Reagan's Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) plan has
turned out to be the biggest "confidence game" of the century.
This opinion was expressed on March 13th by Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop as he addressed a rally called to commemorate the 3rd anni-
versary of the March 13th 1979 revolution when the New Jewel Move-
ment seized power by force of arms.
"The bulk of the money in this plan", he said, "is nothing more than
money and arms for facist dictatorships as represented by El Salva-
Mr Bishop referred to the Peoples Revolutionary Government's (PRG)
view that air with political strings and unreasonable conditions
which bring about economic handicaps on Caribbean people or which
consolidate and entrench "the rule of the bigUnited States compan-
ies", must be condemned and avoided like a plague.
"Today", he said, "we are compelled to restate this view in relation
to Reagan's version of the CBI".
This version is a prostitution of the original ideas discussed by
Mexico, Canada, Venezuela and the United States, the Prime Minister
said, and this is why these other countries, are no longer associated
with the initiative.
The Prime Minister said Mexico, Canada and Venezuela took a princip3-
ed view that the plan must not exclude any country on the basis of
ideological or political deviation, and the plan should not have any
military component. Therefore, he said, when Cuba was twice ex-
cluded from discussions, it was obvious the original plan was dying.
"When Reagan's representative at the Santo Domingo meeting last Oc-
tober bluntly said his Government was not interested in any mini-
Marshall plan but rather in promotion of private sector investment on
a bi-lateral basis", he said, "the plan, as originally conceived, was
clearly no longer just wounded and dying, but was now stone, cold
Mr Bishop said the CBI is intended to deal only with narrow United
States military, security and strategic considerations, and is not
concerned with economic and social development of Caribbean people.
The PRG is not surprised at this because this has always been the
U.S. approach, he said, but with Mr Reagan in power, the narrow
Week Ending 184.108.40.206
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTERR
generally as we move forward", the Finance Minister said, "we will
also be insisting that all insurance companies operating in our
country will buy International Airport Bonds with 10% of their total
Mr Coard said that, in the more developed CARICOM countries, banks
are required normally to deposit with the Central Bank between 40%
nd 40% of the deposits made with them. Banks in Grenada already
make a 10% deposit of this nature with the Treasury and Mr Coard
-aid they will now be required to make a further 10% on'which they
will be paid a rate of interest to be determined after consultation
with the banks.
Carrot & Stick
Mr Coard said Government will introduce a "carrot and stick" device
aimed at the business community and designed to ensure greater
investment by the private sector.
"Company tax, this year, instead of being 50% will be 55%", he said,
but any Company that engages in expanding their existing activities,
or sets up new business activity, if that activity is in the area of
hotel expansion or construction, or in the area of manufacturing
expansion or construction, they will receive a rebate which will
reduce their company tax to a rate of 40%".
Companies engaged in activities other than manufacturing or the
hotel field who expand their businesses will also get a rebate, in
this instance, reducing their company tax to a 45% rate.
"In other words", he said, "for those who sit on their behinds and
do nothing about reinvestment, the tax has gone up by 5%. But,
for those who are interested in getting into investment, either in
-heir existing undertaking or in some new undertaking, then they will
find themselves, after they have received the rebate for starting
the construction work, they will find themselves having paid, in
reality, either only 45% company tax instead of the old-time 50%,
or 40% instead of the old-time 50% and the present 55%."
The Finance Minister said democracy is often not the speediest way
of getting things done, and the first "Peoples Budget" has been a
long and exhausting process. The Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment could have done what most Governments do, he said, that is,
hold all the information and data in secrecy "behind barred and
protected walls and minds, and just spoken out our decisions taken
in isolation from the strength and brain-power of our people."
"But that is not the way of genuinely democratic governments",
he said, "that is not the way of revolutionaries. The budget
ust serve the people so the people must make the budget."
- continued -
Week Ending 20,3.82
Week Ending 20.3.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
The Finance Minister gave the following breakdown of revenue ex-
pected to be raised by the Inland Revenue Department :-
Company Income Tax W C$ 8.4 million
Individual Income Tax 8.27 do.
Motor Vehicle Tax 1.1 do.
Hotel Occupancy Tax .70 do.
Land & House Tax .50 do.
Withholding Tax 1.16 do.
Other Items 2.78 do.
Breakdown of the Customs & Excise Department revenue Mr Coard gave
Import Duties EC$12.9 million
Export Duties 5.1 do.
Consumption Duties 3.77 do.
Stamp Duties 10.39 do.
Other Customs Duties 2.16 do.
The Finance Minister outlined a number of new taxation measures
which, he said, are aimed at reducing imports from outside the
Caribbean Community and imports, generally, of those things which
can be produced locally.
Consumption duties are to be increased, the rate on imported
aerated drinks going up by 10%, tinned and bottled fruit, vegetables
and jam by 20%, men's and women's garments.by 15%. Used tyres,
on which there has been no consumption tax, will now pay 5%,
"In order to meet the wishes of the people, but at the same time not
encourage smuggling", he said, "only a 5% increase on liquor con-
sumption duty but none on cigarettes. The smuggling of cigar-
ettes is too much of a racket, even a 1% will cause even less to
come into Grenada legally."
On luxury and semi-luxury items, consumption duties increases range
from 10% on cameras, video-cassettes and cosmetics to 25% on deep
freezers and refrigerators over 12 cubic feet.
Television sets will pay a consumption duty of 15% and, additional ly
for the first time an annual licence fee of EC$25.00 is to be charged
on television sets.
Mr Coard mentioned other items on which there is to be an increase
in consumption duty and said that this measure, together with an
increase in Package Tax through the customs and an increase in
Stamp Duty on internal transactions, will provide total revenue of
"What we are going to be doing in order to undertake the most vital
capital projects to provide our people with the necessary electri-
city services, telephones, roads, water and economic activity
e 2 THE GRHNADA NEWSLaTTER Week EindRAg 20.3.82
EC$1.5 million and EC$1 million will be spent on a Farmerst Crop
Diversification Project, .
As-a result of Government's decision to spend so heavily in capital
expenditure in agriculture, -r Coardsaid, it is expected that the
National Marketing & Importing Board will increase its 1981 earnings
of EC$6.2imillion to EC$25 million in 1982.
in a related sector, the Minister of Finance said fisheries will
receive EC$3.2 million of which EC$2 million will be spent on jetties,
freezers, marketing and credit facilities for fishermen.
Government's agro-industries plant, which now produces fruit nectars,
chutney, jams and juices, is to be expanded to include equipment for
spice grinding and the production of dairy feeds, hams and bacon.
The sum of EC$! million has been allocated for expansion of production4
at the agro-industries plant.
Housing is another priority area this year, Mr Coard said, and BC$8.6
million worth of new housing will be built. Included in the in-
vestment in housing is construction of a pre-fabrication plant, a
block making plant, a tile making plant, all these being undertaken
with assistance from the Cuban Government.
The National Grenada Resorts Corporation is to spend EC$S million on
expansion of:'the Government owned Hibiscus Ho\,el. This project is
in anticipation of the tourism boost expected when the international
airport at Point Saline is opened and, in this connection, there is
to be expenditure also of the purchase of more cottages in the Grand
In the area of social services, the Finance Minister announced that
Crenada Electricity Services will spend EC$1.5 million on new
generators and spare parts to increase the existing capacity of the
power station, while the Central Water Commission has been allocated
EC$2.8 million to establish a better water supply.
The recurrent side of the budget, Mr Coard said, will amount to
3 $80 million of which the Central Government will spend EC$67.9
million and State Enterprises some BC$12.1 million. He announced
that education and health together get the largest slice of the re-
current budget, amounting together to 37% of this allocation.
The target for recurrent revenue, Mr Coard said, is EC$68.million,
of which Custom* & Excise duties will provide EC$34.32 million.
Inland Revenue is expected to produce EC$22.91 million, Post Office
earnings BC$2.02 million, Foreign Exchange tax BC$5.2 million,
profits from the Bast Caribbean Currency Authority BC$2.22 million
and interest and other siall items EC$1.33 million.