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roa'AiDp /7thA Ri GrST 1973
For The Week Ending January 23rd 1982
10th Year of Publication - 263rd Issue
3 P .~.F
PHONE RATES INCREASED
The. Grenada Telephone Company (GTC announced on January 8th that
telephone rates have been increased from January lst..At the'.same
time, GTC Manager Mr Ivor O'Brien disclosed his Company's plan
to upgrade existing telephone exchanges and establish two hew
exchanges in the sister islands of Carriacou and Petit Marttin:-
GTC was formed on 1st March 1969 as a 50/50 joint venture bet-
ween the Government of Grenada and the Continental Telephone
Corporation of America. One month before the revolution of
March 13th 1979, the Company disclosed that agreement had been
aached wafththe*t n Govexmint and Continental for an EC$10 million
upgrading and expansion of the service into a digital multiplex
system, but Mr O'Brien told NEWSLETTER this is not the present
"What we are installing", he said, "is an EC$13 million 'cross-
bar# system which will work together with and permit.expansion
of the existing 'Stxowger step-by-step system.'!"
The system now in use has 3160 lines spread over 7 exchanges
of which St Georges is the largest with 1600 lines. -Mr O'Brien
said this exchange is to be completely reequipped with 2600
lines of the new cross-bar equipment, and step-by-step equip-
ment taken out will be used to upgrade.the Westerhall exchange
on the south coast from 33 lines to 800 lines.
The Grenville exchange on the east cQast will have its present
400 lines of step-by-step equipment taken out and used to
Pro ced & Frinted .by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P.0 Bo 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Wetindies
Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 23, 1.82
upgrade exchanges at both Sauteurs in the north and Gouyave in the
west to 350 lines each, they now having, respectively, 150 and 200
lines. In replacement, Grenville will get 800 of the lines taken
out of St Georges. 0a R
St Davids, on the east coast, will have its present 150 lines of
step-by-step replaced with 240 cross-bar lines, and Grenada's sister
islands of Carriacou and Petit Martinique, which are not connected
to the system now, will have, respectively, 240 and 40 cross-bar lines
with a radio link into Grenada.
Mr O'Brien said the new equipment is being supplied by the German
Democratic Republic which is giving the Peoples Revolutionary
Government a Sy$1) million line of credit in this connection.
Some EC$2 million more will be spent on.the nation-wide external
plant and on buildings, and Mr OtBrien said this will include install-
ation of a system permitting multi-vdice operation on transmission
"This new system is a considerable advance over what we have now",
the Manager told NEWSLETTER, "it has growth potential and will be
comparable with a digital system when we decide to move in that.
Concerning the increase in telephone rates, Mr O'Brien said since
the last increase in 1978, the Company's expenses have risen
steadily. He said gasolene which cost EC$2.50 per gallon in 1978
new costs EC$6.02 per gallon and, between 1978 and 1981, transport
costs, generally, had almost doubled.
"Because of the financial bind into which this has taken us",
Mr O'Brien said, "our services have deteriorated and the increased
rates are essential.in order to correct this situation before it
assumes crisis proportions."
Under the new rates, private telephone lines will increase from
EC$32 to EC$38 por month while business'lines go from EC$95 to
SC$110. Private Branch Exchange (PBX) rates move from EC$120 to
EC$150 while 'key systems' (phones incorporating up to 4 lines)
jump from EC$85 to EC$120..,
KEROSENE PRICE DOWN, GASOLENE UP
The retail price of kerosene fell to BC$4.85 per imperial gallon
with effect from January 1st; the previous price was EC$5.34.
Informed sources told NEWSLETTER this price reduction has been
effected by a reduction in the rate of import duty from 20% on the
c.i.f value of kerosene to 1.5%.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
These sources said, however, the reduction has been affected to:
some extent by the increase (also effective January 1st) from 10%
to 12% ;in the general Stamp Duty which must be paid on the c.i.f
value of most imported goods.
At the same time, the import duty on gasolene has been increased
from 7.5% on the c.i.f. value to 17.5%. Gasolene is affected
also by -the 2.5% increase in the Stamp Duty and the price has risen
from EC$5.55 to EC$6.02 per imperial gallon.
Taking effect at the same tome is an increase in the price of diesel:
oil from EC$5.25 to EC$5.45 per imperial gallon.
The Stamp Duty Tax was introduced in 1975 when a charge of 5% was,,
imposed on the d.i.f value of imported goods. There are several
exemptions to this Duty including items for industry, agriculture,
and for educational, cultural and health purposes.
The Stamp Duty Tax was increased to 7.5% in 1978 and again in 1981
when Peoples Law 6/1981 of 12th February 1981 raised the rate to
10% with effect from that date. The present increase to 12.5%
is effected by Peoples Law 49/1981 :of 30th December 1981.
Supermarket operators told NEWSLETTER the 2.5% increase in the
Stamp Duty rate will push food prices upwards.
4h:/&*"- *"---*u -"^ .
: -.. ? *.P .
HUBBARDtS SHAREHOLDERS CONCERNED
The Public Company .of Jonas Browne & Hubbard (Grenada) Ltd made a
net profit before tax of EC$1.4 million in the trading year ended
30th September last, an increase of nearly 2% over the net profit
before tax in the previous year.
The results of the Company's trading, however, are causing the
Mr Fred Toppin, Managing Director and Chairman of the Board of
Directors of the Company, told NEWSLETTER the gross sales of the
Company have risen by only 1.7% over: the figure for 1980 and, taking
inflation into account, this is unsatisfactory.
"Inflation is running at some 18%", he said, "and just to equal our
performance in 1980, our gross sales should be up by this percen-
tage, and it is clear that the buying power of the public has been
In Mr Toppin's "Chairman's Review" circulated to shareholders in
advance of the Annual General Meeting which was held on January
21st, he points out that the Company's profitability has been
affected also by recently imposed price control restrictions on a
Week Ending 23.1.82
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 23.1.82
greater number of-food items, and mark-ups previously allowed on
certain food items and cement have been decreased.
"In many instances the mark-ups allowed are inadequate and must affect
the profitability of the Company", the review says.
Interviewed by NEWSLETTER, Mr Toppin said he hoped completion of the
international airport will give the, economy a boost, and he felt the
ocoa Rehabilitation Scheme, the reconstruction of the Eastern Main
Road and other Government projects will put some money into circul-
ation and favourably affect the current year of his Company's
The Directors recommended and the Annual General Meeting agreed that
shareholders be paid a dividend of 72%.
Mr Fred Toppin, Managing Director and Chairman of the Board of
Directors of Jonas Browne & Hubbard (Grenada) Ltd, has disclosed
some details of the Industrial Agreement signed by his Company with
the Commercial & Industrial Workers Union (CIWU) last July.
In a "Review" of the Company's operations circulated to shareholders
on January 15th, Mr Toppin says all the terms of the previous agree-
ment, with the exception of those covering salaries and wages,, remain
i. force for 2 years with effect from February 14th 1981.
From that date, employees with salaries up to EC$550 have an increase
of 10% while those with salaries over that figure have an increase of
?-~'. FFrom 14th February 1982, the first mentioned category of
employee will receive a 7-% increase while the second cateory will
KEY ECONOMIC FACTORS
In its table of "Key Economic Factors" for the January tp September
1981 period, the Government's Central Statistical Office has dis-
closed that Government revenue showed a further slight fall in Sept-
ember and the cumulative figure for the first 9 months of 1981 is
2.3% lower than in the same period in 1980.
Other statistics given show that the Retail Price Index stood at
165.6 in September 1981, above a base of 100 established in January
1979. Retail sales, with a base of 100 established in January
i930, stood at 87.5 in September last, a fall of 14.5, and visitor
arrivals were down by 14.8% in the January to September period.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Cocoa exports were up by 7% while nutmegs and bananas were down by
6.4% and 0.5% respectively,but non-traditional exports pushed the
total of Domestic Exports up by 13.8% as compared with that 9 month
period in 1980. As compared with that period in 1979, however,
Domestic Exports were 16% down.
Private remittances into Grenada, at EC$26 million in 1979, fell to
EC$21 million in 1980 and have jumped up again to EC$26.3 million,
an increase of 24.8% in theperiod under review.
SALLY SHELTON VISITS
Former United States Ambassador to Grenada and the Eastern Caribbean,
Miss Sally Angela Shelton visited Grenada early in January on a fact
finding tour relative to research she has undertaken in connection
with the Eastern Caribbean.
Miss Shelton, who until February 1981 was United States Ambassador
stationed in Barbados, told NEWSLETTER that, when her appointment
was terminated by the Reagan Administration, she first spent 3 months
with the World Bank doing economic analysis on the Caribbean and i
Following this, on the basis of a grant from the Ford Foundation,
she joined Harvard University as a Fellow at the Centre for Inter-
national Affairs where her interest is in the Caribbean generally
and the Eastern Caribbean in particular.
"There is a great derth of knowledge in the United States about the
particular development problems of the small nations of the Eastern
Caribbean", she said, "and I am hoping that I will be able to fill
that void by the manuscript that I'm writing.
Miss Shelton said the primary audience for her work will be scholars
with an interest in Latin America and the Caribbean, but she hopes
the United States Government also will take notice of her writings.
"I hope to make some recommendations as far as U.S. Government
policy is concerned", she said, "where I would like to see some
modifications of existing policy which I believe would produce a
more effective policy in the area."
The former Ambassador declined to elaborate on the "modifications"
she has in mind, but said they would produce a better relationship
between the United States and the Eastern Caribbean.
Miss Shelton said she has many pleasant memories of her stay in the
Eastern Caribbean and, until her return to the region, had not
realized how many "roots" she had put down in the region. She
could not, however, point to any particular memory which is
con InueA -
Week Ending 23.1.82
THE GRENADA NE_'ILEITER .
"There are sd many', she said, "and I don't think I could choose one
particular memory over Another but, perhaps, what has struck me most
on this trip has been the warmth and hospitality and friendship of
The former United States Ambassador to Grenada, who was accompanied
_n this trip by Dr Abraham F Lowenthal, Head of the Latin American
Programme of the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Sclblars
in Washington, D.C., arrived in Grenada from Barbados on January 11th
and left on January 14th. Her tour took her also to St Vincent,
St Lucia, Dominica and Antigua.
CALDWELL TAYLOR DENOUNCES ZIONISM
Grenada's Ambassador to the United Nations, Mr Caldwell Taylor, has
called on the Security Council to take urgent action to curb what he
called Israel's "expansionist and annexationist drive in the Middle
Reporting this on January 21st, Radio Free Grenada did not say when
Mr Taylor had addressed the Security Council but carried exerpts of
his speech in which he reaffirmed the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
nent's (PRG) 'unflinching support for the victims of Zionist
"We reiterate without equivocation", he said, "that whereas Zionism
is, perhaps, the principal actor on the stage in the perpetration of
violence against the Arab peoples, its supporters, its abetors, are
behind the curtain whispering the next lines."
Mr Taylor said the "Israeli crimes against the Arab peoples" cannot
be adequately addressed until "those who are collaborating with
Israel in these hideous acts of violence" have been vigorously
On behalf of the PRG, the Ambassador denounced Zionism as a form
of racism, and echoed the request of the countries of the Non-
Aligned Movement that measures should be adopted by the United
Nations to force Israel to return all occupied Syrian lands and
to "withdraw from all Arab territories including Jerusalem."
"BLOODY MONDAY" COMMEMORATED
'he Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) commemorated "Bloody
Monday on January 21st, the 8th anniversary of the murder of
'rime Minister Maurice Bishop's father, Rupert. -continued -
Week Ending 23.1.82
Week Ending 23.1.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7
On January 21st 1974, in a period of civil unrest in Grenada, Rupert
Bishop was shot at close range with a rifle either by a still un-
identified policeman or a member of then Prime Minister Eric Gairy's
paid gang of criminals, the "Mongoose Gang".
The circumstances are that, for three weeks previously, Grenada had
been locked in an island-wide shut down in protest against the
activities of the "Mongoose Gang", including the severe beating of
Mr Maurice Bishop and other members of the New Jewel Movement on
November 18th 1973.
A non-political committee of 22 organizations, the "Committee of 22"
led by the main Christian Churches in the island, organised the
shut-down of all business activity and work, and there were daily
demonstrations of thousands of Grenadians through the streets of
On Monday 21st January, Prime Minister Gairy sent a mob of some 500
of the "Mongoose Gang", backed by armed police, to attack the
demonstrators. Several persons received bullet wounds, others
were beaten, stores were looted and Rupert Bishop died attempting
to defend a group of women and children who had taken refuge in
"Otway House", the headquarters of the Seamen & Waterfront Workers
Union, where the demonstrations originated.
"Bloody Monday" was commemorated,as has become the custom, by a
demonstration from Otway House to Rupert Bishop's grave in the
St Georges cemetery where wreaths were laid. Business houses
were asked to close early to allow employees to join the demon-
ARMED FORCES WEEK
The week commencing January 10th was declared "Armed Forces Week"
to commemorate the first anniversary of the formal structuring of
the country's Armed Forces.
According to an announcement on Radio Free Grenada on January 6th,
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, who is Commander-in-Chief of the
Armed Forces, announced on January 13th 1981 that the Armed Forces
would be integrated to increase the unity of the various sections
of the Security Forces.
On that day, the Army, Militia, Cadets, Police, Prisons, Immigrat-
ion, Coast Guard and Security came under one leadership.
Activities planned for "Armed Forces Week" included sports, culture,
educational activities and military displays.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
AUSTIN: IMPERIALIST AGGRESSION WILL CONTINUE
General Hudson Austin, Commander of the Peoples Revolutionary Army,
warned Grenadians on January 10th that the country's Armed Forces
must continue to be alert and prepared "as long as imperialism led
by Reagan and his war lords continue to threaten our country."
"And make no mistake about it", he said, "the imperialists'
aggressionn will not cease in 1982. They will step up their
attacks and we must be prepared to counter their every move. For
every ugly lie they spit out we must answer with clear beauty of
truth, for every hateful operation they mount, we must respond with
determinedd force, and if they dare to invade our beaches, our bark-
ing rifles will bury them in the sea."
General Austin, who was making a national broadcast over Radio
.ree Grenada at the start of "Armed Forces Week", called on the
Armed Forces to renew their pledge that they are prepared and
ready to give their lives to defend the'gAins of the revolution,
the people of Grenada and the country itself.
"Comrades",. he paid, "we wiLl defend every-grain of sand, every
blade of grass, every inch of fertile soil in this beautiful and
beloved country of ours."
Grenada's Armed Forces are to undertake full-scale manoeuvers in
February as part of the celebrations of the 3rd anniversary of the
March 13th 1979 revolution which toppled the Government of Prime
minister Eric Gairy, and General Austin called on members of the
Armed Forces to urge more men and women to join the Militia and
learn the theory and practice of military science.
The Generalacalled also for carefulness and alertness during
7=ilitary manoeuvers in order to avoid serious accidents.
Activities of Armed Forces Week included sporting and cultural
events and a Church service which was held on January 10th at the
3t Georges Police barracks.
MILITIA TRAINING BEGINS
Minister of National Mobilisation Selwyn Strachan has written a
letter to all members of the Peoples Revolutionary Militia urging
attendance at the once-a-week Militia training which began on
January 6th and which includes some minor weekend manoeuvers.
'r Strachan issued a call for greater Militia vigilance in defence
r- the country against "imperialist attacks", and he urged all
patriotic Grenadians to attend militia training.
Week Ending 23.1.82
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
The Minister said that, in view of the national maneuvers scheduled
to run from February 19th to 21st to mark the third anniversary of
the revolution on March 13th, it is particularly important for
Grenadians to attend Militia training sessions now.
'~:X"" '? . f ....
*.',.';'.,'" '. .... -" .T0 ..
THOSE DETAINEES RELEASED OLD YEAR'S DAY
The Government owned newspaper, "The Free Westindian, in its issue
of January 9th, published a list of the detainees released on Decem-
NEWSLETTER of 31st December reported the names of three persons re-
leased at that time; they are Herbert Preudhomme, Deputy Prime
Minister in the Government of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy, and
Messrs Norton Noel and Ashley Church, two officials of Mr Gairy's
Manual, Maritime & Intellectual Workers Uhion.
The full list of the 24 released, published by 'The
is as follows :-
Herbert Preudhomme Archib
David Coomansingh St Dav
Ashley Church Grand
Norton Noel Wester:
Daphne Baptiste (Female) St Geo
Joseph St Louis
n/a = Information not available
Anse, St Gi
hall, St D1
Free West Indian
The information with reference to the addresses of these detainees
and the dates of their detention is taken from the last official .t
Week Ending 23.1.82
P.ge 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 23.1.82
list of detainees NEWSLETTER has been able to obtain, That list,
published in NEWSLETTER for the week ending 16th August 1980, is
dated August 1st 1980 and shows a total of 91 names of which three
Nineteen persons on the list published-in "The Free West Indian" do
not appear on the official list of August 1st 1980 and these persons
--ust have been detained after that date.
YOUTHS TRAIN TO TEACH IN NICARAGUA
A seminar in teacher training, jointly sponsored by the National
Youth Organisation (NYO) and the Centre for Popular Education, opened
in St Georges early in January.
Object of the seminar was establishment of what has been called the
"NYO International Teachers Brigade", and a contingent from that
Brigade was due to leave for Nicaragua at the end of Jandary.'
First indication of this plan came on December 13th last when,
addressing an NYO rally, Prime Minister. Maurice Bishop disclosed that
the recently held NYO Congress had decided to send a team to Nic-
aragua to assist in teaching sections of that country which are
"Our NYO has now come forward and taken the historic and important
decision that, as of next month (January), 30 of our comrades of the
NYO will go to revolutionary Nicaragua to help with the literacy
programme in Nicaragua", he said.
The Sandanista Government of Nicaragua launched a literacy pro-
gramme after the revolution of 1979 and, according to Radio Free
Grenada, two Grenadians, Messrs Seaford Robertson and James Wilson,
assisted in that programme last year.
AMBASSADORS PRESENT LETTERS
In its publication of Friday January 22nd 1982, the Government
Gazette carries notices reporting the "presentation of letters of
credence" to the Governor General, Sir Paul Scoon, by five
Two of these presentations took place in October last. They were
by the Non-Resident Ambassadors of the Democratic Peoples Republic
of Korea, Mr Pak Ri Hyan, and of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Repub-
lic, Mr Bulahe Mohammed Fadel. The first took place on the 13th
and the second on the 19th October 1981.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Ci 26th November 1981, Mr.AhmedAAli Maisari, Non-Resident Ambassador
of tHe Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen, made his presentation
to Sir Paul.
The last two notices cover presentations made in December, the first
being that of Mr Raoul Conde, Non-Resident Ambassador of the Repub-
lic of Guinea, on December 2nd 1981. The other was made on
December 14th 1981 by Mr Janos Domeny, Non-Resident Ambassador of
the Hungarian Peoples Republic.
In presenting his credentials, Mr Domeny also presented the Letters
of Recall of his predecessor, Mr Lajos Nagy.
; .tj-4 ^i-. ., .
NMIB TO EXPAND
Grenada's National Marketing & Importing Board (MNIB) is to expand
its marketing operations by over :50% this years compared with 1981.
This was disclosedby Mr Densil Wilkes, NMIB Acting Manager as he
spoke with Radio Free Grenada On January 13th. As an example of
the expected growth, Mr Wilkes said'that, in January to:March last
year, the Marketing Depot in St Georges.was purchasing some 20 to 30
thousand pounds of farmers produce, and these purchases are now over
70 thousand pounds. Mr Wilkes did not say whether these purchases,
are weekly, fortnightly or monthly.
Mr Wilkes said the hain extra-regional outlet is the United Kingdom
where links have been established with several Companies interdstqd
in importing Grenadian produce and, in the region, exports are made
to Trinidad, Barbados, St Lucia, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Curacao avd
The Acting Manager said that, given the expansion in local marketing
and the potential for boosting export trade, an estimate of an in-
crease of 50% to 60% this year in the NMIB operations is conservat-
GBC.S LAUNCHES BORER SURVEY
The Grenada Banana Cooperative Society (GBCS) launched a survey on
January 13th to ascertain the extent to which the Banana Industry is
being affected by the "borer" disease.
The survey entails the setting of borer traps over 25 acres of
banana cultivation in areas selected by GBCS Extension Officers.
The trapped borers are to be sent to the Windward Islands Banana
Association laboratories in St Lucia for analysis.
Week Ending 23.1.82
. ge 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 23.1.82
This initiative is part of a GBCS drive to upgrade the Banana Industry
and a spokesman, for the industry said on January 12th that it is hoped
this year to exceed by some 700 tons the 1981 production of 10,800
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION WORKSHOP
A three week workshop in Project Implementation was officially opened
on January .llth by Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Unison Whiteman,
standing in for Minister of Planning Mr Bernard Coard.
Jointly sponsored by the Peoples Revolutionary Government and the
Caribbean Development Bank, the workshop is being held at Marryshow
House, the Extra Mural Centre of the University of the West Indies
In his address, Mr Whiteman said Grenada has suffered from a lack
of expertise in the field covered by the workshop and he thought
the exercise has come at an opportune time when the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government has declared 1982 to be the "Year of Economic
WHITEMAN AT OECS FOREIGN MINISTERS MEETING
Minister of Foreign Affairs Unison Whiteman headed Grenada's three-
member delegation to the meeting of the Organisation of Eastern *
Caribbtan States (OECS) which opened in Antigua on January 12th.
#e Antigua meeting was the first since OECS was formally launched
last December 12th, and the agenda included discussions on the East
Caribbean Tourist Association, operational matters relative to OECS
staffing and budget, and civil aviation.
The other members of the Grenada delegation were Mrs Gloria Payne-
Banfield, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Planning, and
Mr Ashley Taylor, Legal Advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The meeting ended on January 16th.
: i,. *. ..
CBU SECRETARY GENERAL.VISITS
Mr Jones P Madiera, Secretary General of the Caribbean Broadcasting
Union (CBU), on a regional tour of some of the less developed
countries of the Carib aj Community (CARIOdW ) left Grenada on
January 12th after a brief visit during which he held discussions
with Mr Colville McBarnette, General Manager of Radio Free Grenada
__ __ _I
WeAc Ending 2j.1.82 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
(RFG) and' Depty Secretary for Info nation in the: Peoples Revo-
Ar Madiera's tour was aimed at promoting programme exchanges and to
exAmimin in ways in which the re tly launched CBU Secretariat in
(iarbados Imaht be of Issistance to broadcasting systems in these
4heBU is committg] to. generating programmes that are relevant'jk
the social, economic and political development of the Caribbean,
.Mr Madiera said in an interview with Radio Free Grenada, and,
currently, the organisation is working on a series t6 profile mem-
ber territories in~h s respect.
Mr Madiera's ctissions with Mr Barnettecentered on promoting
programme exchanges through CBU, and the possibilities of CBU ass-,
isting in upgrading professional skills, at RFG.
Qther island'planned to be visited by Mr Madiera were Antigua,
Montsesrat, St Kitts, Dominica and St Lucia and, as a result of this
tour, the Secretary General hoped to put concrete proposals before
the next CBU Board of Management meeting which was scheduled for
ParAaribo, Surinam, late in January.
THS GPPA 1980 ANNUAL REPORT
The 1980 Annual Roport of the Grenada Planned Parenthood Association
(GPJ), delayed tor" pmber of reasons, was released recently and
disclosis that, fo thTt year, the Association had 5,416 active
female acceptors of contraceptive me ods.
Tr*ad~itiop, 201#88 condoms were distributed to males and, using
the GPPA rate of 100 condoms per male per year, it is estimated that
2,018 males were served.
"Add g this figure to that of ous total active female acceptors",
the GPPA Report says, "we can say that 7,434 women were protected
by a family planning method in 1980."
the distribution of condoms is arranged through 60 small shops in
Grenada, Carriadbu and Petit Martinique, the shop owners distribut-
ing the condoms free of charge as a community service.
The distribution figure of 201,088 condoms in 1980 shows a consider-
able increase over the 1979 figure of 30,224 but, with reference to
the statistics covering female acceptors, 1980 shows a drop of over
18% fom the previous year.
GPPA estimates that, duri 9 LO, 20,170 Gre ian women were Pat
risk". With 5,416 active female acceptors and an estimated 2,018
THE GRENADA .MBMSETTRR
We ek ing .li
males to whom condoms. ere distrigted, the estimated to~l of women
protected during the year was 7,434 or 36% of all those "at riskr~'. .
A comparative analysis: of contraceptive? methodss used by active female
acceptors over the years 1976 to 198Qhows ris.I n popularity of the-
Inter Uterine Device (IUD))Bnd injection method- and a fa ing away -
from the condom and sterilisation. The 4ffiical" contraceptives,;
oral, Um and injection, are considered the most reliable methods
and, 1980, these were chosen, respectively, by 30%, 28% and 2i'd
the active female 4cceptors. Comparative Analysis
Active PFema le Acceptors
There were 2571 live 1976 w 1980
births during 1980 and, 1976 7J U 1978 1979 1980
of these, GPPA prepared Oral 2581 2A': M67 1191 1628
^/-UAa .. l ,lll 310 3634Hn78 1611 1514
1701 referral cards o# 310 362*F178 1611 151.
17Injectio 886 750 1496 981 1394
covering births at the *' Condom 6136 4222 3302 2413 314'
Government hospitals and Other 694 759 895 408 551
Sterilisation 186 166 67 66 15
clinics. Statistics from 6
I 10793 9028 10105 6670 5416
these records show that --- .*
the age group 20 to 24
had the largest number of women, 222, having their first child.
Fifty-si~t, Women aged 16 had their first child, 23 ages 15 had
their first, seven 14-year olds produced children and two eighteefk
year olds had their fourth child. The most prolific age group
was 20 to 24 which produced 600 children or 35% of the GPPA sample.,
-' *. .
Statistics from the Registrar General, published In he GPPA Report,
state that the population in ,1980 was 111,096, ntl mortality per
1000 live births was 23.72 and the birth rate r 000 was 232.1,V
of which births, 77.09% were ill intimate.
ccoading to the GPPA Report, 1980 was a difficult, ear. There
as a 'large turn over of staff and difficult personnel probre*bp '
Additionally, the Association fared a deficit from 1979 and operated
in 1980 on a reduced budget.
However, the Association looked forward to a better year in 1~81
which an effective Information & Education Programme would be
Birth Rate *
\ \;'C^ ri
~ ~ ~
1975 ,1976 1977 1978* 1j9 1980
107779 109609 111184 110445 109148 111096
2890 2717 2628 2521 2664 251
27.42 25.98 25.29 23.23 24.69 23.41
23.53 27.65 16.74 26.96 15.39 23.72
76.54 69.06 77.09 77.43 77.48 714Jp9
Per 1000 live bir1s s
Ali er Hug *, Cynthia Hughes
'rd January 1982