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Volume 9 Number 9
For The Week Ending November 28th 1981
9th Year of Publication - - 260th Issue
BtSHOP ADDRESSES TRADE UNION CONFERENCE
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has charged that what he called
"the growing economic crisis in world capitilism" is having
dynamic effect in the Caribbean.
"Throughout the region we see the employing class uniting in
its attack on tradeunionism", he said. "There have been news-
paper advertisements in Barbados calling on workers there to
abandon their trade unions. There have been incidents of
multi-national companies in St Vincent forcing workers to sign
documents pledging that they will leave their trade unions."
Mr Bishop was, at the time, delivering the feature address at
the "Third Trade Union Conference for Unity & Solidarity .of
Caribbean Workers" which opened at the Conference Centre on
Grand Anse beach on November 18th.
"Clearly", Mr Bishop said, "the employers are trying to de-
unionise their work places to make them more pliable and ex-
ploitable so, we, throughout the Caribbean, must go beyond
all of our political and ideological differences and forge
the essential unity of our regional Trade Union Movement to
combat this reactionary offensive by the employers."
This means, the Prime Minister said, there must be total
unionisation of Caribbean workers and the maximum democrat-
isation of the trade unions to ensure that they are vigilant
and active in the struggles against the employers, and to
guarantee that the negativism and passivity that arise from
undemocratic trade union structures is forever finished.
Mr Bishop called for more regional trade union conferences
to allow workers to combine in a more purposeful way to beat
Produced & Printed by Aliater & Cynthia Hughes
p O Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies
. ... .... ......... . .. . ,lI L ll ---- 11l I" II II IIIII" lll111"" " "
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
back the offensive because, he said, the "right" is intensifying its
"This can be seen from the recent general inter-Caribbean meetings of
Chambers of Commerce", he said, "and, even more pointedly, from the
meetings of various army and police Chiefs with external represent-
atives also involved.'"
Campaign of Lies
Mr Bishop said there is also a greatly accentuated "imperialist
dominated campaign of lies, slander and disinformation" directed
principally against Cuba, Nicaragua, Grenada and "the progressive
movements of workers generally throughout the Caribbean."
This campaign was intensified blatantly and viciously in May last,
he said, when the United States International Communications Agency
invited the Editors of all the major English language Caribbean
newspapers to a conference in Washington.
"These Editors were counselled, feted, wined, dined, were lectured
to by reactionary Congressmen", he said, "and slick American journal-
ists taught them techniques of propaganda destabilisation, 'How to
Deal with the Grenada Revolution', an unlisted item on their agenda."
The Prime Minister said that, within two weeks, there had been a co-
ordinated propaganda attack on the Grenada Revolution and it ap-
peared now that the."Magnets abd Warlords" of the Caribbean are
about to start another campaign.
"While Hector Wynter of the 'Jamaica Gleaner' travels to Trinidad
& Tobago to plan strokes with his fellow 'Guardian' and 'Express'
blooksuckers", he said, "his compatriot and twin brother in lies and
hypocracy, Ken Gordon, is presently in Kingston, Jamaica, shamelessly
announcing yet another plan of orchestrated propaganda destabilisat-
ion against our revolution"
Referring to Mr Wynter (the Editor of the Jamaica "Gleaner" and Mr
Gordon (the Managing Director of the Trinidad "Express") as 'clowns'
and 'Judases', Mr Bishop said they did not understand that "their
game is up", and he felt they are "in need of yet another slap on
their bottoms from the workers of the Caribbean."
"Let then continue to attack", he said, "for the more they do so,
the more do they help the cause of the working people, for they are
the best possible proof of the decadence, corruption and nasty stench
of unmitigated free enterprise capitalism and its twin sister of
rotting, hypocritical 'saltfish' journalism."
The official list of delegates issued by the Conference Secretariat
'idicates that 50 delegates representing 20.countries attended
the Conference which ran until November 21st.
Week Ending 28.11.81
Week Ending 28.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
CONFERENCE OF SOLIDARITY WITH GRENADA
An "International Solidarity Conference With Grenada" opened at the
Conference Centre on November 23rd in the presence of 120 delegates
from many countries including the United States, Russia, Cuba, Lybia,
Ethiopia, Venezuela and other countries of the wider Caribbean.
Delivering, the feature address, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said
the conference was of major importance because the presence of the
delegates would tell "imperialism" that Grenada is not alone.
Mr Bishop told the delegates that the revolution of March 1979 had
marked a "new dawn" for Grenadians and the working people of the
Caribbean. Grenadians rose to the challenge of history, he said,
and, in the words of the Caribbean poet Edward Brathwaite, "shatter-
ed the dawn and entered that morning fully aware of the future to
come, fully aware that there is no turning back."
Recounting the problems which the Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG) has to face in the task of national reconstruction, the Prime
Minister listed the legacy of the maladministration of the Gairy
Government, the United States hostility and hurricane disasters. He
spoke also of the effects on Grenada of recession in the developed
countries of the West.
"With a local defenceless economy tied to the economies of the cap-
italist world", he said, "we have suffered and are suffering from
the ongoing economic crisis in the capitalist world."
In spite of these handicaps, Mr Bishop was able to point to progress
in several fields. These include diversification and expansion
of agricultural production, agro-industrial development, increased
Tourist promotion in old and new markets, construction of an inter-
national airport, highway development and expansion of the telephone
and water services.
"These efforts at national reconstruction and towards the solution
of major difficulties faced by the economy", he said, "are a con-
sistent and creative administration of the basic programme of our
Party as set out in our 1973 manifesto for people's power and the
achievement of genuine, national independence."
The Prime Minister said also that there have been gains made in the
reduction of unemployment, in removing the burden of income tax
from the lowest paid workers, in housing, in the building of com-
munity centres, in provision of bath and laundry facilities, in
establishing a Centre for Popular Education and in the institution
of free secondary education and free basic health care.
"It is worthy of note", Mr Bishop said, "that the vast majority of
the new programmes and bold initiatives embarked upon by the revo-
lution are not 'bright ideas' spontaneously conceived' in some
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
moment of inspiration, but are the solid product of collective dis-
cussion and analysis within our Party and along broad sections of our
The Prime Minister spoke of other achievements including establish-
ment of the National Importing Board and the National Commercial
Bank, but he referred to one achievement which, he said, is the
"But more important", he said, "more significant than all the other
achievements Qf the revolution, because it is the means whereby we
achieve all other benefits and we move to achieve even more social
benefits as the process unfolds, is the outstanding success in the
task of democratisation of our society."
This has been achieved by the repeal of repressive labour laws, Mr
Bishop said, and the creation of circumstances which make possible
the participation of women in the development process.
"There can be no talk of real democracy", he said, "if part of a
nation's polutation is either disqualified from participation or
can participate only in a very limited sense. And there can be
no talk of women's participation if the conditions for this part-
icipation do not exist."
Also on the question of democratisation, the Prime Minister said
that, last year, some trade union representatives assisted in the
preparation of the national budget and, this year, far more people
will take part in this exercise. The budget will be discussed;
and shaped, he said, by thousands of people in their committee
groups, Zone Councils, Parish Councils and mass organizations.
Mr Bishop said the Grenada revolution is the boldest attempt in
the history of the English speaking Catibbean to tackle the problems
of underdevelopment which affect the lives of the mass of the Cari-
bbean people, the problems of poverty, illiteracy, poor education,
sub-standard nutrition and unemployment.
"It is an approach which rejects some of the manifestly inadequate
strategies which the ruling class in most of our sister islands
are seen to use", he said, "because these strategies are guaranteed
to safeguard their own position and leave nothing but the barest
minimum of political power and material benefits to the majority of
The Prime Minister asked the delegates to assist the revolution by
forming "Friedldship Committees" with Grenada in their own countries,
committees which would educate public opinion about the reality of
the situation in Grenada and would bring material assistance to the
Week Ending 28.11.81
Week Ending 28.11.81 THE GRENADA" NEWSLETTER Page 5
The delegates would assist alsoif they encouraged tours to Grenada
for friends of the revolution and for the "Doubting Thomases", Mr
"We say to our friends, come, share our experiences", he said, "We
say to the doubting Thomases, come, see for yourselves. By coming
and seeing for yourself and by encouraging others to do likewise,
you not only dispel the falsehoods and lies of imperialism, but
you also help our economy by contributing to the new tourism."
BISHOP: REGIONAL PRESS UNDEMOCRATIC
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said on November 23rd that the Carib-
bean people refuse to be misinformed about, what is happening in
Grenada. Addressing the "International Solidarity With Grenada"
conference, Mr Bishop said the Caribbean people increasingly under-
stand the undemocratic condition of the regional press.
."This was brought out by a survey recently conducted by the Jamaica
'Daily Gleaner', itself a major proponent of anti-Grenada propaganda
and a major tool of international reaction", he said, "but this sur-
vey revealed that the majority of the people of Jamaica are not aff-
ected by the negative propaganda put out against our revolution."
The Prime Minister referred also to a protest made by "workers at
the Trinidad "Express" and other workers in the media in Trinidad
"These workers came out in protest against what they correctly
identified as a vulgar and concerted anti-Grenada press campaign",
he said. "They came out and demanded the rights of Caribbean
people to undistorted information about a sister island."
The local media in Grenada, Mr Bishop said, was also a part of an
imperialist plot tp wage war on the revolution from inside, but the
lesson "imperialism" learned from that attempt was that the revo-
lution is serious and must be respected.
"And every subsequent attempt", he said, "including the recent act-
ions of a group of counter revolutionary planters, merchants and
professionals, has been firmly dealt with."
However, he said, having silenced the "local mouthpieces of imper-
ialism", the revolution faces increased propaganda aggression from
The "Solidarity" conference ran from November 23rd to 25th.
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THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
CARD SPEAKS ON NATIONAL RECONSTRUCTION
When the "International Solidarity With Grenada" conference moved
into its second day on November 24th, delegates heard an address from
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Trade & Planning,
Bernard Coard, on "National Reconstruction & Development in the
Grenadian Revolutionary Process".
Mr Coard told the conference that the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment (PRG) sees the revolution as having three main pillars which are
fundamental, not only as a group, but each is fundamentally important
in its own right in the revolutionary process.
"We see these three pillars, however", he said, "as being interlocked,
Success in only any two of the three will still mean disaster and
failure for the revolution. Only the successful achievement of
all three pillars will mean the success of the revolution and its
ability to move forward into the future."
Mr Coard defined the first pillar as "the mobilisation, organisation
and the raising of the consciousness of all our peoples." The revo-
lution is, first andforemost, about people, he said, and the total
involvement, organisation and participation of the people in all
aspects of the economic, social and political life is what genuine
democracy is all about.
The second pillar Mr Coard defined as "Natuonal Defence". A
revolution which has the support of all the people but which cannot
defend itself, he said, is soon no revolution at all.
"It has been expressed by others that, having the people but not
having the material means for the people to defend themselves", he
said, "is the lesson we have to learn from Chile and Jamaica."
This is why the question of the arming of all Grenadians and
developing the Militia is of fundamental importance, Mr Coard said,
because the very process of building the revolution creates an
impetus towards counter revolution by "the enemy of all revol-
"And the third pillar without which, equally, there is no revo-
lution is the economy", he said, "for, if a revolution is initially
successful in the task of totally involving the people and develop-
ing their level and quality of participation in the whole process,
and is able to arm the people so that they can defend themselves
and the revolution, but they have no economy, and the economy col-
lapses, then, very soon, there is no revolution."
?he Deputy Prime Minister said what he would speak about is the
-iird pillar, and he painted a sombre picture of the economy in-
ricrited by the PRG from the maladministration of deposed Prime
viinister Eric Gairy.
Week Ending 28.11.81
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
What Grenada had experienced over the three decades before the revo-
lution, he said, was a sustained hurricane known as "Hurricane
Gairy". "And the evidence is there to be seen", said Mr Coard,
"because other hurricanes wreak devastation over a period of hours
but Grenada had one that lasted 30 years."
The Minister dealt in detail with various aspects of the island's
infrastructure and economy including electricity, telephones, health,
education and agriculture, and said the PRG has estimated that the
cost of restoring the infrastructure and "developing that infra-
structure to meet the requirements and needs of developing a. real
economy for Grenada is EC$600 million.
In his reference to electricity, Mr Coard had special mention for
the Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC) which, until early
this year, managed Grenada Electricity Services (GES) as a joint
venture with the PRG. Mr Coard charged that CDC had mismanaged
GES and failed to service the Company's equipment properly.
"Last year", he said, "they (CDC) voted themselves about three times
as much dividends as the profits the company actually made for that
year. When we talk about economic rape and plunder, CDC is one
of the finest examples."
The Deputy Prime Minister said that, not only does the PRG have the
task of amassing a vast sum to restore and expand the infrastructure4
but, during the 2g years since the revolution, the Government has
had to contend with 5 natural disasters in the form of rain and wind
storms which have damaged the Agricultural Industry, roads and
"In examining the historical records such as they exist", he said,
"we cannot recall any period in the last 4 or 5 hundred years that
has experienced 5 natural disasters in 30 months, and it raises
serious questions as to whether certain people are not tampering
with the weather systems of the Eastern Caribbean"
Mr Coard referred to a "tremendous 'propaganda campaign by United
States imperialism" which affected the Tourist Industry and to an
"economic squeeze" attempted by the United States, but said the U.S.
has failed in all efforts to bring pressure on Grenada.
He pointed also to recent U.S. manoeuvers in the Caribbean and to
the presence of a U.S. aircraft carrier in Barbados, and said this
is significant in the context of the U S attitude towards Grenada.
"We must understand this within the context of their failure on the
propaganda front", he said',' "of their failure on the economic
squeeze front, of their.failure on every front, through their fail-
ure through the actual financing and arming of counter revolutionary
elements within our country." continued -
Week Endinq 28.11.81
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.11.81
The failure on all these fronts, the Minister said, combined with the
growing strength of the revolution internally and internationally,
has led to the greater flexing of muscles.
The Minister of Finance set out six steps which, he said, the PRG
has taken and is taking in the process of national rehabilitation.
The first was to cut out the corruption which was rampant in the
,airy administration. Next was the computorisation of the Minis-
try of Finance for greater efficiency, and the third step was the
introduction of "work plans" for all Ministries, work plans linked
to the National Budget.
Fourthly, he said, there is the development of the island's one-
year budget into a one-year plan and, fifthly, the development of
human resources. This last, he said, is being achieved through
massive training programmes, university and technical scholarships
and the introduction of free secondary education among other things.
"The sixth area of great concern to us", he said, "and which we
started work on right away, is the area of institution building and
reconstructing, in some cases reconstructing institutions already
in existence, in other cases setting up new organizations or instit-
utions -in order to meet the needs of the new situation."
Mr Coard said the strategy for development to be used by the PRG is
a "mixed economy, State sector dominant", because, in the PRG's
view, it is the only approach that is realistic and feasible with-
in the context of Grenada.
"Stripped of theorising and arm-chair speculation and the usual
theological and theoretical acrobatics of some so-called economists"
he said, "we see, in the context of Grenada, that the leading
'cntrepeneur' in our economy is the State sector."
Following Mr Coards address, the conference went into a workshop
to discuss "Reconstruction in Grenada, How, Why, Projections, the
question of the Human Factor."
PRG GIVES ST UJCIANS MILITARY TRAINING
Delivering his message of solidarity at the International Solidarity
with Grenada Conference, the delegate from the Progressive Labour
Party/f' tS Lucia, Mr Jon Odlum, confirmed a report that the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRO) has given military training to
nationals of at least one other Eastern Caribbean country.
SOdlum referred to an attack which was made earlier this year
the PLP Leader, his brother Mr George Odium, and to the pro-
cection given at the time to the PLP Leader by a St Lucian trained
a Grenada. continued -
Week Ending 28.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
"The progressive people of St Lucia owe much to the Grenada Vevo-
lution for having trained 12 St Lucian youth, one of whom was able
to save our Leader's life in May 1981", he said.
Mr Odlum said a hired thug had broken into Mr George Odlum's house
in the early hours of the morning, "only to end up the hunted in-
stead of the hunter". Delegate Odlum said the thug was shot in
the shoulder by one of the youths trained in Grenada.
SOVIET DELEGATE WARNS OF U.S. INVASION OF CUBA
Delegate of the Soviet Union to the "International Solidarity with
Grenada" Conference, Mr Alexandro Marien, warned the conference that
the United States is considering military intervention in Cuba.
Mr Marien said a massive anti-Cuba psychological warfare campaign
has been unleashed and, judging by the public statements of United
States Secretary of State Alexander Haig, it appears that the U.S.
is preparing to take punitive action against Cuba, including a
full-scale military blockade
"Moreover", he said, "talks are afoot about a possible intervention
of U.S. troops in Cuba assisted by certain Latin American military
and dictatorial regimes."
The Soviet delegate stated that his country's stand on this issue
is clear and the Reagan Administration must be fully aware of the
dangerous consequences with which aggressive actions against Cuba
Cuba is a member of the Socialist Community of States, he said, and
the aid and support of the countries of socialism, of all progress-
ive mankind, are on its side.
BISHOP: MILITIA A MATTER OF PRINCIPLE & PRACTICE
Grenadians have come to understand that it is necessary to be armed
in order to defend their homeland, and that a Peoples Revolutionary
Militia is both a practical matter and a matter of principle.
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop expressed this thought in his address
which brought the "Solidarity with Grenada" Conference to a close
on November 25th.
It is a practical matter, he said, because the island could never
afford a large standing army and because, "when they come for us",
it will be in thousands and, apart from the full time standing
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
army, what is needed is a part time Revolutionary Militia.
"It is also a matter of principle", Mr Bishop said, "because we have
come to understand better and better that one of the lessons we can
extract from the experience of other revolutionary processes in this
region is that sometimes they have failed because their people Were
not armed and they had to rely on their standing armies, and the same
standing armies they were relying on were the same armies which got
-involved in coup d'etats"
The Prime Minister said he has an answer for those who ask him
whether the Peoples 'Revolutionary Government is not afraid to arm
the people and whether, at some point, the people might not use
their arms against the Government.
"When, on revolution morning, 46 of us went down to the Radio Station
after charging the barracks and routing Gairy's 'Green Beast' army",
he said, "our lives were on the line and the reason our people res-
ponded and came out to our call is because.they trust, respect and
know our Party and the leadership of this country."
Mr Bishop said that what the people knew about the New Jewel Move-
ment and its leadership in 1979, they know a million times better
BISHOP DEFENDS QUADDAFI
In his closing remarks on November 25th to the "International
Solidarity with Grenada" Conference, Prime Minister Mauruce Bishop
said the Conference had reminded Grenadians of the struggle the
"-eople of Lybia have had to make over the past few months.
"Imperialism, using their twin sister of the media", he said, "has-
been trying to portray, over the past three months, that the most
dangerous and wanted man in the world is Muammar Quaddafi."
This action by "imperialists", he said, is because Mr Quaddafi
has supported national liberation struggles, and the Lybian Leader
now finds that his country and people are openly villified and his
planes are subject to being shot down when they are flying over
their own sovereign territory.
The Prime Minister said the Conference had also brought to mind the
struggles of Namibia, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Cuba and Nicaragua, and he
reminded the delegates that there are solutions to these struggles.
"The past few days have also reminded us in a very positive and
.crceful way that we do have solutions", he said, "and that one
commonn solution is unity, the internal unity of our people and
Week ending 28.11.81
Week Ending 28.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
the external unity'of all forces interested in-peace, democracy,
social progress and national liberation."
BISHOP ACCUSES U.S. OF ARMING EASTERN CARIBBEAN v
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop disclosed on November 25th at the
closing session of the "International Solidarity with Grenada" Con-
ference that the United States expected to sell Barbados US$5 '
million worth of arms this year and a further US$2 million next year.
Mr Bishop's information comes, he said, from a document entitled
"Security Assistance Programme", which is the United States Con-
gressional presentation dealing with the Foreign Military Sales
Financing Programme, the Economic Support Fund, the Military 'Ass-
istance Programme, the International Military Education & Traihing
Programme and Peace Keeping Operations.
The Prime Minister said the definition of "Eastern Caribbean" in the
document covers all the English speaking islands from St Kitts to.
St Vincent, including Barbados but excluding Grenada, and it proposes
that US$5 million of arms be sold to these islands in 1982. .The
proposal for Jamaica is sales of US$1 million next year and the
estimate of sales to that island in 1981 is over US$1.5 million.
The document contains arguments as to why military and economic
support should be given.to some of these islands, Mr Bishop said,
and he read excerpts in:this connection relative to Barbados.
According to the document read by Mr Bishop, the United States has. a
major interest in assuring that the nations of the Eastern Caribbean
are politically stable, are free from undue outside influence' and
maintain their generally high standards Of democratic practice and
human rights performance.
The document says Barbados serves as a model for the region and has
supported U.S. global and regional interests including the promotion
of human rights and regional cooperation. The assistance pro-
posed for Barbados,'the document says, will promote U.S. interests
in Barbados and demonstrate U.S. support for, among other things,
the island's willingness to initiate, on a regional basis, a modest
but solid security programme "in concert with and complementary to
that of the United States."
"The programme is positive .indication of our commitment to regional
Stabil'#y in the light of continuing Cuban support for the radical
Government of Grenada", the document says.-
The Prime Minister said the United,States is not trying to hide what
its intentions are. "They are coming out very openly and saying
- i "
Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.11.81
that they have this right to do what they want in our region", he
said, "to get into a big arms build up in the region, to promote
countries they feel will support them and to try to use those coun-
tries to isolate countries like Grenada,"
EIGHT AMBASSADORS ATTEND SOLIDARITY CONFERENCE
According to a "List of Participants" issued by the Secretariat of
the "International Solidarity with Grenada" Conference, 110 dele-
gates comprising 87 delegations from 40 countries attended the con-
ference which came to an end on November 25th.
Eight of those delegations are Ambassadors accredited to Grenada.
They are Mr Nguyen Hus Ngo of Vietnam, Mr Marco Antonia Martinez of
Nicaragua, Mr Ahmed Ali of the Peoples Republic of South Yemen,
Mr Pak Re Ryon of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Dr Junko
Lazarezski of Yugoslavia, Mr Harry Spindler of the German Democratic
Pepublic, Mr Aymro Gegmelm of Ethiopia and Mr Ali Mohammed Ajili of
Twenty-one trade union organizations had delegations at the Con-
ference including the Trinidad Oilfield Workers Trade Union repre-
sented by Mr Errol McLeod. Mr M.ichael Als represented the Trin-
idad Council of Progressive Trade Unions and the delegate from the
Communications Workers Union of Trinidad was Mr Lyle Townsend.
From Jamaica, the University & Allied Workers Union was represented
by Ms Lorraine Walter and Mr Clive Dobson was the delegate from the
NTational Workers Union.
There were also trade union delegates from the smaller islands and
c.rom Latin America and, from outside the region, the delegate from
Russia was Mr Alexandro Marien, President of the Trade Union Coun-
cil of Ulvanovski, some 400 miles east of Moscow.
The "Friendship Societies" which have been formed in many metro-
politan cities were represented. They are the U.S./Grenada
Friendship Society, The Canada/Grenada Friendship Society, the
Swedish/Grenada Friendship Society and the New York/Grenada Friend-
Sixteen political parties, including 3 from Guyana were represen-
ted. These are the Peoples Progressive Party, the Peoples
National Congress and the Working Peoples Alliance. There were
representatives from the Peoples Popular Movement and the National
Joint Action Committee, both of Trinidad & Tobago, and, from Jam-
-'ca, the Peoples National Party.
'rom the smaller islands, among others were the Antigua Caribbean
liberationn Movement, the Dominica Liberation Movement, the Working
THE GIENADA NEWSLETTER
Peoples Party of St Vincent, the..Workers Revolutionary Movement of
St Lucia and the Peoples Popular Movement of Barbados.
From outside the Caribbean Community and the Caribbean, representat-
ives came from the Costa Rica Socialist Party, the Venezuelan Move-
ment of Electorial People and the Communist Parties of the United
States, Martinique, Guadeloupe, the Federal Republic of Germany and
From Africa, there was a representative from the Palestine Liberation
Organisation, Mr Imaad Jadaa, and from the South West 'Africa Peoples
Organisation, Mr Barnard Kamwi.
A United States Congressman, Mr Ron Dellums, a member of the Black-
Caucus, was represented by Mr Rudy Glover, and the Mayor of Berkley,
California, Mr Gus Newport, was represented by Mr Mark Ellen. Other
representatives from the United States were Mr Frank Schaffer-Corona,
for the District of Columbia-Board ofEducation, Ms Deborah Jackson
for the National Conference of Black Lawyers, Mr Michael Amon-Ra for
the Black United Front and Ms Mary Boger for the New York Committee
for Marxist Education.
Cuba had a delegation of 5 headed by Mr Raul .arcia Pelmez, Deputy
Minister of Communications and a member of the Central Committee of
the Cuban Communist Party.
There were 15 delegates, including Mr George Lamming, the Barbadian
author, who the List of Delegates does not accredit to any delegat-
GUYANA WILL NOT YIELD A BLADE OF GRASS
Delivering a solidarity message to the "International Solidarity
with Grenada" Conference which ran from 23rd to 25th November,
Mr Kenneth Denny, Director of Workers Education in Guyana's Peoples
National Congress (PNC), and a member of the PNC General Council,
said the Conference was held at a very opportune time.
The "imperialists" are now-gathering their forces against the pro-
gressive and peace loving people of the world, he said, and pro-
gressive people have all been victims of their machinations and man-
oeuvers. However, he continued, instead of weakening, the people
are becoming more resolved to confront and defeat "imperialism" in
whatever form it appears.
"At this moment", he said, "the Venezuelan Government is seeking to
deny Guyana of more than 70% of her territory. This threat is
real. The people of Guyana, determined to keep Guyana the way
they have always known it will not vild a blade of grass."
Week Ending 28.11.SI
THE. GRENADA NEWSLETTER-
"BLOODY SUNDAY" COMMEMORATED
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has been very concerned to
normalise relations between St Georges and Washington, and Prime Min-
ister Maurice Bishop has written President Ronald Reagan in this con-
Mr Bishop disclosed this on November 22nd as he addressed a rally
ailed to commemorate "Bloody Sunday", the occasion in November 18th
1973 when he and other members of the New Jewel Movement (NJM) were
attacked and beaten by deposed Prime Minister Gairy's paid thugs.
"I wrote a number of letters this year to Ronald Reagan raising the
question of relations between our two Governments and between our
two countries and peoples", he said.
The first letter was written on March 26th, the Prime Minister dis-
closed, and it pointed out to the U.S. President that the PRG was
aware that "he was sending his people to Europe to try to get them
to stop giving any support to the international airport project."
"The letter pointed out that we had heard that these diplomats
were in different European capitals trying to block the European
Economic Community 'Airport Conference' from taking place", he said,
"and we raised the question in that letter, 'why is it you have to
resort to this measure?' "
Mr Bishop said President Reagan was asked why he was trying to stop
Grenadians from getting an international airport, and the President
was told the Grenadian people and the PRG were very anxious to have
relations normalised between Grenada and the United States but, to
date, no reply had been received.
Another letter, this time one of 12 pages, was sent to Mr Reagan on
August 1lth, Mr Bishop said. The Prime Minister disclosed that
this letter traced the "economic aggression" and "economic warfare"
against Grenada and Mr Reagan was told that the PRG knew that, con-
trary to international conventions, mercenaries were being trained
in Miami for invasion of Grenada.
"And, once again, in that letter", he said, "we raised the question
of having a high level meeting between the Governments of the Uni-
ted States and the Government of our country in order to discuss
the question of normalising relations between our countries."
Mr Bishop said there has been no answer to his letter and it is
obvious that it is the PRG who is making every effort to restore
relationss between St Georges and Washington. This is being
ne,he said, because the PRG has no reason to want to engage in
iy war with the United States and the PRG is conscious of the
.:act that the majority of the people in the United States do not
Week Ending 28.11.81
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER.
want to come to fight in Grenada "because some mad Facist says they
must come to fight."
The Prime Minister said that, in spite of the efforts of Mr Reagan
and "his clique of Facists", to block aid to Grenada,"the; people of
the world in progressive countries" continue to support the revo-
lution and bring assistance to the island.
Just a few weeks ago, he said, following all the attempts by Presi-
dent Raegan to stop the "Airport Conference" from taking place in
Brussels, the European Economic Community had given over $6 million
dollars to the airport project.
"At the same time they were trying to block that conference and
pressure our people to try to see if they could stop our internat-
ional airport", he said, "out of that same conference, only a few
weeks ago, we received over $51 million dollars from the Organis-
ation of Petroleum Exporting Countries."
The Prime Minister did not make .lear the soudce (it was afterwards
learned to be Cuba), but he said that, only a few days ago, the PRG
received a firm undertaking for provision of a line of credit of $31
million dollars to complete installatioh'of equipment for the inter-
national airport. Additionally, Iraq has agreed to lend the PRG
$13 million dollars to be repaid over 15 years at an interest rate
of 2% per annum and with a grace period of .3 years.
"This means that, just over the last week", he said, "while these
Americans are going around trying to stop the. airport, just in the
last 7 days, $44 million dollars more have been found to complete
our international airport."
Mr Bishop called on the rally to renew with him the pledge that
there will be no more "Bloody Sundays", not only in Grenada but in
the Caribbean and in the world.
"But I want us also todayto pledge .that those who want to bring
'Bloody Sundays' to the region", he said, "that those who are plann-
ing acts of murder and violence, that we, the people of Grenada,
will always be there in the front line, arms in hand, standing
ready, willing and able to defend this homeland of ours."
BISHOP: THEY'LL GO BACK IN PLASTIC BAGS
Addressing a "Bloody Sunday" rally on November 22nd, Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop said that, in spite of the pressures being put on
Grenada by the United States of America, Grenadians would never
accept that they are in the United States "backyard".
Week -Ending 28.'11..81
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
"Regardless of the pressures they bring", he said, "they will never
be able to get us to abandon our right to develop this country of
ours in the way we want. They will never get us to abandon our
right to defend our country and to arm our people and build our revo-
lutionary Militia in order to defend our country."
Mr Bishop said that, the more pressure that is exerted on Grenada, so
much more will the Militia and Army, and the armed forces in general,
be ready and waiting to defend "every nutmeg tree, every grain of
sand, every baby and every old person" in.the island.
"There will be no doubt about it", he said, "and they had better not
fool themselves at all that, if they are still planning to come,
they must remember from the beginning that many of those who land
are going to go back in plastic bags."
The Prime Minister said that, "whenever the Yankee soldiers come,
because we continue to stand with the world, we are confident that
the people of the world will stand with us."
PRG ACQUIRES SEAMOON
Seamoon, the abandoned race track on Grenada's east coast near to
Pearls airport, which has become the traditional place for the
holding of public rallies, has been acquired by the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG).
At a "Bloody Sunday" rally which took place at Seamoon on November
22nd, Chairman of the rally, Mr Kendrick Radix, Attorney General
and Minister of Legal Affairs, Agro-Industries & Fisheries, ann-
ounced that "as a result of negotiations with the Ramdhanny family,
Seamoon is now the property of the people of Grenada."
Two decades ago, there existed in Grenada two horse-racing organ-
isations, the Grenada Turf Club and the St Andrews Race Club, the
former holding its meetings at Queens Park, St Georges and the
latter at Seamoon. Early in the 60s, the two organizations
amalgamated as the Grenada Racing Company with meetings at Seamoon
but ceased to operate towards the end of the 60s when the Company
came under pressure from then Premier Eric Gairy.
In October 1979, the Directors of the Company approached the PRG
with a view to selling Seamoon which is 50 acres and a pavillion.
In June 1980, the PRG told the Company it was willing to pay
EC$300,O00 for the property and suggested two alternative methods
n the first, the Company would receive EC$100,000 in cash and
the balance BC$200,000 in international airport bonds which pay
Week EndSinq 28.11.81
Week Ending 28.11.81 'THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 17
interest at 6% per annum and are redeemable at par in the year
In the second method, there would be a'cash payment of EC$100,OO0,
airport bonds to the value of EC$100,000 and the final EC$100,000
to be paid over 10 years.
There is no information as to whether the Company accepted the PRG
offer, but the "Ramdhanny family" referred to by Mr Radix as having
been negotiated with, is the'family of Mr Lyden Ramdhanny, Deputy
Minister of Finance in the PRG,'and that family is believed to have
majority shares in the Grenada Racing Co Ltd.
BISHOP TO HOTELIERS, PROBLEMS WILL GO
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told the Grenada Hotel Association
(GHA) on November 20th that,. with the planned opening of the first
phase of the Point Saline international airport in August 1982,
many problems now facing the island's .Tourist Industry will dis-
Mr Bishop was delivering the feature address at the GHA Annual
General Meeting, and he itemised some of the problems the inter-
national airport will solve.
"All our European visitors to Grenada must now overnight in Barbados
or Trinidad", he said, "and we are all aware of the'existing prob-
lems. Valuable foreign exchange is lost to us and spent in
another country. Many visitors are lost 'totally through the
frustrations experienced when going through either of the two main
transit points of entry to Grenada. The fact that they come at
all is certainly a tribute to the beauty of our country and the,
warmth of our people."
The Prime Minister reemphasised his Government's commitment to de-
veloping the Tourist Industry including consideration of estab-
lishment of a national airline.
"We have been following up the matter of increased air-line serv-
ices through bi-lateral discussions with various Governments in the
region, as well as internationally, to ensure that adequate air
links are established to Latin America, North America, Europe and
to Africa", he said.
Mr Bishop said that, consistent with a promise made to GHA last
year, the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) had purchased an
aircraft and had leased it to Liat in an effort to increase avail-
able seats to Grenada.: As an additional aid to the Industry,
the PRG has established an inter-line desk in Barbados which per-
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
mits passengers to Grenada to avoid the formalities of Customs and
Immigration in that island.
"While this service is working well for arrivals", he said, "we see it
necessary to have a second person at that desk to ensure a 24-hour
service to assist other passengers to Grenada, the ones with a confir*
med booking who are told their names are not on the list."
looking to the future, the Prime Minister foresaw an increase in the
number of hotel beds in Grenada for, in addition to Holiday Inn's
decision to rebuild after the recent fire, he said, the PRG has
received, considered and approved two firm proposals of entrepren-
eurs to build new hotels.
"Three meetings have already been held of a joint committee on
tourist development and hotel design", he said, "out of which will
come plans for hotel development by December of this year."
Mr Bishop said guidelines have been established for this exercise,
some of which are that all beaches must remain public, hotels must
not be more than tree-top height, hotel design must be in harmony
with the concept of a tropical island and that design must incorpor-
ate alternative energy saving devices.
A team from the Organisation of American Statrs 'OAS) was due in
Grenada to complete a "Tourism Attractions" plan (historic sites
etc) by the first quarter of 1982, Mr Bishop said. This plan
will be drawn up after consultation with the mass organizations,
zonal councils, trade unions and other organizations, and the
team will put forward practical costed suggestions which will
ensure certain basic things.
""'irstly", the Prime Minister said, "(it must be ensured) that our
people manage these attractions and, secondly, that they are invol-
vred from the beginning so the hostility now prevalent in many
islands through the development of enclosure and exclusive tourism
does not become a part of Grenada."
Mr Bishop said the PRG has displayed initiative, determination and
a clear commitment to tourism, and has invested very scarce money
in thji sector.
"However", he said, "without the active participation and financial
support and imput from the private sector, and particularly from
the hoteliers in our country, tourism development cannot proceed at
the pace necessary for our success."
:hIe Prime Minister said an intensive marketing and advertising
S)paign will be launched in 1982 and he asked the hoteliers
S.nancial support in this connection. His Government, he said,
"-so looked forward to support from the hoteliers in joint venture
Week Ending 28.11.81
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
or independent participation in hotel and restaurant development,and
in "continuing physical, verbal and moral support" as part of dele-
gations to marketing efforts.
BELL SOUNDS HARD FEELINGS NOTE /
Mr John Bell, Executive Director of the Catibbean Hotel Association
(CHA) said in St.Georges on November 20th that the decision of his
organisation not to hold a joint convention with the Caribbean Tour-
ism Association CTA) and the Caribbean Tourist Research Centre
(CTRC) next year had brought about some "hard feelings", but he
hoped these were temporary.
Mr Bell said the three organizations have held joint conventions for
the last 5 years and that the basis of those conventions was that
they all share the common goal of the future of Caribbean tourism.
The problem which has arisen now, Mr Bell said, is that the three
organizations do not have a commonality of membership and Dutch
St Maarten, the British Virgin Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Antigua
and the Bahamas, all members of CHA, are not members of CTA.
Next year, he said, the Bahamas wish to host the CHA Annual General
Meeting, but CTA does not feel they could hold their Annual General
Meeting in a country which is not a member of their organisation.
So, instead of the joint convention embodying the two Annual
General Meetings which has been held for the last 5 years, each
organisation will hold its own convention.
"Inevitably there has been some dissention over this decision", the
Executive Director said, "but I think it has been properly digested
now, everybody understands what the primary issues are, I think CTA
understands our position and we certainly understand theirs."
CHA, CTA and CTRC all focus on development of the same industry,
Mr Bell said, and his organisationis committed totally to work with
CTA and CTRC. However, he said, like any joint enterprise, there
are some times when there are separate concerns, and that is the
"In 1982 we will be on our own", Mr Bell said, "and we will, there-
fore, be able to go into much greater depth on the basic needs, the
very serious concerns of the Caribbean Hotel Industry. Operational
and marketing concerns seen from the view of'an hotel man who is
trying to put bodies in his beds, who is trying to be competitive
with his counterparts in Asia, Africa, Europe and South America.
We hope that, in our convention, we will be able to fulfil a need
that, perhaps, was not neglected, but was not addressed as fully as
Week Endinq 28.11.81
Stage 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending ; ,.oi..
it should have been in previous joint conferences of the CTA
FRANCE HELPS PRG IN ENERGY FIELD
The Peoples Revolutionary Government :( PRG) is being helped to solve
its energy problems by the Socialist Government of President Franc6iq
Mitterrand of France.
Addressing the Annual General Meeting of the Grenada Hotel Assoc-
iation (GHA) on November 20th, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said
the French Government recently has concluded a study which indicates
that the island has the potential to generate its energy needs with
"'While this is initially very expensive", Mr Bishop said, "it will
save us hundreds of thousands of foreign exchange earnings as well
as ensure a measure of independence and efficient provision of
energy to both our guests and our own people."
Grenada has had problems with its electricity supply for some time.
The public use of electricity first came to the island in 1928
when St Georges was given a supply of current by generators oper-
ated by the Government. Extension of the service to other parts
of the island was slow and was not boosted until 1960 when the
Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC) went into a joint ven-
ture with Government and established the Grenada Electricity
Services Ltd (GES).
In August 1980, GES applied to the PRG for an increase in the
statutory rates for the sale of electricity, indicating as a
reason for the increase, the fact that more revenue was needed to
up-grade the generating plant. The PRG, however, refused to
approve the application and, instead, appointed a Commission to
inquire into the affairs of GES in which CDC had controlling
The Commission presented its report last January but relations
between the PRG and CDC continued to deteriorate until, in May,
the PRG passed a law giving itself control of GES "without payment
of any further compensation."
Since then, Cuban engineers have assisted in repairing the failing
generators but new equipment is needed and Mr Bishop said the PRG
is giving attention to this.
.~'e are also spending a lot of our energy and efforts attempting
.o obtain some new generators", he told the hoteliers, "and dis-
cussions are going on right now with several Companies and
~rr tl ~~
Week Ending 28.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 21
Governments to see if it is possible to short circuit the process so
as to get at least two generators into the country in the shortest
possible period of time" .. ..,
GHA PRESIDENT COMPLAINS ABOUT TOURIST BOARD
Outgoing President of "the Grenada Hotel Association (GHA) Royston
Hopkin, told the GHA Annual General Meeting on November 2Qth that
the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) should take a serious look
at the functions of the Grenada Tourist Board and how that Board
should relate to the Ministry of Tourism.
Mr Hopkin said .members of the Board (which is made up of individuals
drawn from the general public and appointed by the Government to
represent different sectors of the community) are frustrated, and he
did not think the Board is being treated in accordance with the PRG
policy of "participation by the people."
"I would cite a typical example", he said. "The tourism budget
which has been prepared for next year, the Hotel Association has not
been able to contribute to it neither the Grenada Tourist Board, and
we feel slighted that we have not been part of that process to be
able to contribute because we feel that we have the necessary qual-
ity of people in the Association and on the Board."
Mr Hopkin said this is one example of the frustration being
experienced because the Association and the Board are willing and
able to give their imputs but are not allowed.to do so.
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, standing in for Minister of Tourism
Unison Whitemen who was off the island`, was present at this meeting
and, in his address, said the Tourist Board recently passed a reso-
lution in this connection but he had not seen it.
"I can tell you that, inpenpendently of your own discussions", he
said, "we have ourselves been talking about the general thrust and
direction of the Tourist Board and the need for some kind of re-
structuring and reorganisation and, therefore, I would very anxious-
ly look forward to seeing what is in your own resolution so that we
can begin to do whatever restructuring and reorganising is required"
HOPKIN REFLECTED GHA PRESIDENT
... . r-" "
Outgoing President of the Grenada Hotel Association, Mr Royston
Hopkin of Ross Point Inn, was reelected to the post on November 20th
at the GHA Annual General Meeting. Mr Hopkin was unopposed and
this will be his fifth consecutive year as GHA President.
} iac 22 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.11.81
--- --- -- =l, i i i .... .
In other elections to the Executive,, outgoing Second Vice President
Mr Desmond Campbell,' Manager of Spice Island Inn, replaced Mr Andre
Cherman, Assistant Manager of Holiday Inn, as First Vice President,
and Mr Godfrey Ventour, Managerof Secret Harbour Hotel, was made
Second Vice President.
Membership of the Association is divided into 4 classes, "Ordinary",
being the principal hotels, "Associate", the smaller operations in
the lodging trade, "Allied", Banks, the Chamber of Commerce, rest-
aurants etc, and "Honorary*, in which class there are three members,
the Grenada Tourist Board, Liat and the auditing firm of Pannel
Kerr Fester & Co Ltd.
There are now 10 Ordinary members, 5 Associate and 22 Allied. These
statistics are the same as for last year except that the Allied
category is now 3 less than it was last year.
EDF TO HELP TRAIN HOTEL EMPLOYEES
The European Development Fund (EDF) has agreed to provide "fellow-
ship.funds" to offset the cost of hotel employees attending train-
ing courses to be introduced next year by the Caribbean Hotel
This was disclosed on November 20th by CHA Executive Director John
Bell, 43, as he addressed the 20th Annual General. Meeting of the
Grenada Hotel Association (GHA).
"There is a price tag to these courses", Mr Bell told the hotel-
iers, "and it is expensive but, if you think training is expensive,
I would ask you to evaluate ignorance."
These courses are to be organised by the Caribbean Hotel Training
Institute (CHTI), established in 1980 as the training arm of CHA,
and they have been developed for 1982 as a short term programme
around topics of universal application in the Caribbean.
Course fees as US$250 per week with no course lasting more than
two weeks, and subjects to be covered range from "Computor Systems
and other Hotel Technology" through "Security", Front Office
Cashier" and "Hotel Maid/Houseman" to "Advertising & Marketing."
BEER SALES DROP, GBL PROFITS FALL
The pre-tax profit of Grenada Breweries Ltd (GBL) is down in 1981
;> nearly 50% as compared with last year.
- continued -
_ __ __ _1 __
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
This is disclosed in Statemcnts of Account circulated to sharehold-
ers early in November, which Statements show that profit on trading
before taxation has dropped in 1981 to EC$502.1 thousand from the
1980 figure of EC$953 thousand.
In a review of the Company's trading, Chairman of the Board of
Directors, Mr Fred Toppin, says the drop in profits has been caused
by two factors, the first being the need to close the plant last
year for repairs. The loss from this was predictable, he says,
and is estimated to have cost the Company EC$343 thousand in lost
production and additional expenses.
"What was not predictable", the Chairman said,."was the sudden drop
in sales of beer as from January this year."
GBL produces "Carib" beer, "Giant" malt and, since last August,
"Guiness" under licence from Guinness Overseas Ltd and Arthur Guinn-
ess & Sons. Mr Toppin says the sales of malt show an increase
in 1980 and 1981 over 1979, and sales of.malt and "Guinness remain
relatively steady, but there has been a dramatic drop in the sales
of beer during the first six months of 1981.
In his review, the Chairman gives statistics which show that, in
1979, the Company sold 152,479 cartons of beer during the January to
September period. For the Cartons Beer Sold
same period, this rose to January September
164,824 cartons in 1980,
but, in 1981, the figure
fell to 116,982.
Analysing the reasons March
for this fall, Mr Toppin April
lists number one as "a May
marked reduction in the Jn
purchasing power of the July
public". Secondly, he August
points to the "phenomenal September
increase in the importat-
ion of canned non-alco-
holic beverages and the initial appeal
these 'flip-top' drinks
have despite their relatively high price."
The Chairman lists as his third reason an increase of approximately
40% in the price of "Carib". This increase, he says, was due
mainly to an increase in Excise Duty of over EC$3 per carton, and
also to increased cost of production resulting from rising prices.
"The largest single factor", Mr Toppin said, "being an increase in
the price of water from EC$1 per 1000 gallons to.EC$10 for the same
Week Ending 28.11.81
-.ge 24 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.11.81
In spite of the poor results recorded for the trading year which
ended on June 30th, the Brewery is now working well at full capacity
and the Chairman reports signs of slight improvement in beer sales
during October. If this continues, he says, the Company will
continue to concentrate on "Carib", "Giant" and "Guinness", but if
the downward trend continues, "we may well have to branch out into
other products suitable for production at the brewery."
The Brewery was established in 1960 by the Trinidad firm of Carib-
bean Development Ltd and, in 1968, that Company sold out to local
shareholders. GBL has an authorised capital of EC$6 million, of
which 4,154,652 shares, each valued at BC$1 dollar have been issued
and paid for.
The Annual General Meeting to consider the accounts was held on 26th
1November and approved the Directors recommendation of a dividend of
5%, 1% less than last year's dividend.
NYO EXCEEDS MEMBERSHIP TARGET
The New Jewel Movement National Youth Organisation (NYO) has sur-
passed the 7000 membership target it had set itself. Radio Free
Grenada announced on November 15th that NYO membership then stood
at 7,286, a figure the station said "is more thah 24% of the entire
youth population in Grenada."
he 7000 target was originally set to be achieved by December 12th
when the NYO holds its first Congress, but the date was subse-
quently brought forward to November 18th, the date on which the New
Jewel Movement (NJM) commemorates "Bloody Sunday".
On November 18th 1973, members of the NJM leadership, including
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, were attacked and beaten by deposed
Prime Minister Eric Gairy's hired criminals, the "Mongoose Gang",
and that day is commemorated as "Bloody Sunday".
RADIX' WANTS MORE HUMAN RESOURCES FOR AGRICULTURE
The farmers of the Eastern Caribbean have been urged to demand of
their Governments that more human resources be allocated to devel-
opment of agriculture.
The call came from Attorney General and Minister of Legal Affairs,
S'-ro-Industries and Fisheries Kendrick Radit as he addressed a
S-_dward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN) meeting which opened
:Grenada on November 17th.
Week Ending 28.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 25
"I believe that the farmers of the region, and WINBAN in particular,
must make the maximum representation to their Governments and
through their mass organizations to see to it that tlere is a
greater application of human resources", he said.
Mr Radix said the talent undoubtedly is available and it is quest-
ion of directing that talent "in the service of the toiling masses
of whom the farmers are so exemplary."
The Minister outlined the advantages the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) has brought to farmers of the State and said it all
emphasised that the intensification of agriculture is the only way
out seen by the PRG for development.
This does not making life easy for the farmer, he said, but it does
include making sure that the farmer, on whom the economy is so de-
pendent, is not "at the bottom of the ladder", and gets an equit-
able share of the fruits of his or her labour.".
PIONEERS JOIN STUDENTS DAY RALLY
An International Students Day rally held on November 17th was add-
ressed by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and Minister of Education
The New Jewel Movement Pioneers, youngsters from age 5 to 14, took
part in this annual occasion for the first time and joined in ex-
pressing solidarity with students world wide.
A spokesman for the Pioneers also expressed appreciation of the eff-
orts made by the Peoples Revolutionary Government to increase edu
national opportunities for Grenadian students.
The rally was chaired by Christopher Nelson of the National Students
THE SOLIDARITY STATEMENT
At its closing session on Wednesday November 25th, the "Internation-
al Solidarity with Grenada" conference adopted the following state-
ment by acclamation.
"We, the 107 delegates of the first International Solidarity Con-
ference with Grenada, representing 40 countries from all parts of
the world and meeting in St Georges from November 23rd to 25th
1981, express our profound gratitude for the warm friendship and
hospitality of the revolutionary Grenadian people.
.age 26 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Edding 28.11.81
"After observing and experiencing the revolutionary process taking
place in Grenada, we proudly declare our unshakable solidarity with
the revolutionary people and Government of Grenada.
"We acclaim and proclaim the enthusiastic involvement of the people
of Grenada as an expression of Peoples Democracy through the creation
and growth of institutions and organizations such as Zonal and work-
ers Parish Councils, the National Women's Organisation, the National
Youth Organisation, the Young Pioneers and other mass organizations.
"We have witnessed the participation and support of the masses of the
People for the programmes of the Grenada revolution under the cour-
- eous, committed and inspiring leadership of Maurice Bishop and the
New Jewel Movement..
"We have recognized and appreciated that, despite the fact that Gre-
nada is an 'underdeveloped country which is devastated by the corr-
upt Gairy dictatorship, that despite the propaganda and economic
Cestabilisation of U.S. imperialism, that the Grenada revolution,
after only 2 years and 8 months, has been able to achieve free
secondary education for all the people at all levels, free and im-
proved medical.and health care and the creation of over 2,500 jobs,
the establishment of significant agro industries, in.successfully
.:ronbating and eliminating illiteracy,Thas established a modern fish-
ing industry, has firmly and clearly expanded workers' rights and
the rights of trade unions, has given new dignity to women through
equal pay for equal work and fully paid maternity leave for all
working women, has developed cooperatives for unemployed youth and
women mainly, and has created new benefits for farmers.
"The Grenada revolution has fought inflation through the National
Marketing Board by lowering the prices of essential foods and,
imong other things too numerous to mention, is constructing a new
international airport which will advance the development of all
sectors of the Grenadian society.
"We have notedthe- many threats of aggression, the several manoe-
uvers conducted in the region and the world, and the dangerous pro-
motion of the arms race by the war-mongering Reagan Administration.
\'oe see all this as a deliberate and calculated attempt by U.S. im-
perialism' to intervene in and set back the great progress of the
people of.Grenada, Nicaragua and Cuba, and the heroic struggles of
t : Salvador and other parts of the world.
itThe Conference strongly denounces this policy of the Reagan Admin-
istration which threatens world peace, and stands firmly with the
people in the struggle for their rights to economic and social
justicee and self-determination..
'"This Conference expresses its. firm solidarity with the, struggle of
the people of the world against racism, colonialism, apartheid
Zionism and facism, and acknowledges and reaffirms the rights of
:->bple to national independence and:to choose their own economic,
-ocial and political system.
"This Conference gives its fullest support to the efforts of all
peace loving countries to achieve disarmament, detente, cooper,
ation and the preservation of world peace. We unanimously
resolve to combat the campaign of lies, slander and distortion
against the Grenada revolution, and to provide and widely dissemin-
ate information about the great achievements and triumphs of the
people of Grenada.
"We pledge ourselves to give all possible assistance to ensure the
advance and development of the Grenada revolution. We commit our-
selves to defend Grenada against all threats of aggression, and
firmly resolve to establish Friendship Societies and Solidarity
Committees in our respective countries to expose, the,ireality and
express our militant support for the Grenada revolution. We also
-''dge to give the fullest possible publicity to this document.
Long live the Grenada revolution !"
.fr .f >-< i~---y^