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Volume 9 Number 8
For The Week Ending November 14th 1981'
9th Year of Publication - - 259th Issue
RADIX ADDRESSES CDCC
Delivering the feature address at the opening session on Nov-
ember 9th of Government Ministers attending the 6th meeting of
the Caribbean Development & Cooperation Committee (CDCC), Att-
orney General and Minister of Legal Affqirs, Agro-Industries &
Fisheries Kendrick Radix, repeated the Peoples Revolutionary
Government's call for the Caribbean to be declared a "Zone of
Mr Radix said military maneuvers in the- region violate a
1979 Organisation of American States resolution declaring the
Caribbean to be a zone of peace, and he condemned what he
called "efforts which militate against our country's safety
as well as peace in our region."
"We continue to be opposed to the holding of all military man-
oeuvers within our region", he said. "We demand peace in our
region so that we can utilize the scarce resources that are
available to us for our overall development."
Mr Radix referred to a "definite unprincipled attempt" to
exclude Cuba from benefiting from the Caribbean Basin Init-
iative (CBI) financed by the United States, Mexico, Canada and
Venezuela, and said the PRG is opposed to this move.
If the CBI is to bring "meaningful development" to the region,
the Minister said, then it must be non-discriminatory, include
no military components, respect ideological pluralism and
should concentrate on Government-to-Government assistance.
Mr Radix praised the CDCC and said that, as the only Committee
embracing the countries of the wider Caribbean, its role
should not be taken lightly. He noted that the Committee
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P 0 Max 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies
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THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
has created a number-o'f mechanisms leading, to regional cooperation
and said that, in keeping with the resolution of the United Nations
Economic :Commission for Latin America (ECLA) which established
CDCC in 1975, the Committee has consistently sought funds for
development projects in' the region.
The 6th CDCC meeting opened in Grenada on November 4th with a
c inferencee of technocrats. That conference ended on November
7th and the Government Ministes from the region began their session
on November 9th. That session ended on November 10th.
IGLESIAS: COOPERATION IS MAJOR LESSON-.
Fxrcutive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission 'fdr
Lat.in America (ECLA), Enrique Iglesias, said in St Georges on
November 9th that the major role of the Caribbean Development &
Cooperation Committee is the identification of common interests
between the countries of the region, and the promotion of coop-
ieration between those countries.
I ir Iglesias was talking to the media following the inaugural session
of the 6th Ministerial Meeting of CDCC, and he said there is a great
n.,-d to explore and utilize, to the maximum extent, the "Complemen-
tarity of the region" at this time.
This is the,major lesson of the history of today and of the past",
'e said. "The possibilities of working together and trying to
build up out of this cooperation new frontiers for progress and
CDCC was established in 1975 as a permanent subsidiary of ECLA and
with a view'to promoting economic and social development in the
Caribbean. The ECLA Secretariat acts as secretariat to CDCC
which has its headquarters in Trinidad.
Mr Iglespas said that, as far as the possibilities of the work of
CDCC promoting regional integration is concerned, the important and
final question and objective is to highlight the need for "comp-
lementary and cooperation in the region."
Youtcan get there either with an integration scheme from the
beginning or at the end of it", he said, "and there are many ways
to achieve cooperation, not only through integration schemes. The
CDCC is trying to promote interlinkages in the region, that is also
5itegration in-an informal way."
?QC ECLA Executive Secretary said integration is not achieved only
ot tough formal instruments, and he felt the particular advantage of
CifC to the region is that the organisation is a flexible instrument
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Week Ending 14.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
of creating linkages that can open the road to federal cooperation.
The 6th session of CDCC opened on November 4th with a meeting,.of
technocrats; the Ministerial section of the session opened on
November 9th and ran until November 10th.
Items on the agenda included a review of the CDCC work programme
and what had been achieved since the last meeting, and a consider-
ation of proposals for the 1982/83 work .programme. The meeting
also discussed CDCC policy against the background of the organis-
The countries represented at the Ministerial meeting were Grenada,
Cuba, Surinam and the Dominican Republic. Also represented were
the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)., the Latin American Economic
System (SELA), the.United Nations Department of Technical Cooper-
ation for Development, the United: Nations Development Programme,
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, the Inter-
national Labour Organisation, the Pan American Health Organisation,
the World Health Organisation,, the International Telecommunications
Union, the Universal Postal Union, the World Intellectual Property
Organisation and the Latin American Institute for Economic and
NCB BUYS.ROYAL BRANCH
The State owned National Commercial Bank (NCB) has purchased the
assets of the Royal Bank .of Canada (RBC) branch located in Gren-
ville, the island's second town on the east coast near Pearls
Announcing this on November 12th, NCB President Lyden Ramdhanny
said the agreement covering the transaction was concluded in a
cordial atmosphere and the official hand over would take place
"I am pleased to say that negotiations were held in a frank and
cordial atmosphere", Mr Ramdhanny said, "and under the agreement
signed on November llth, the Royal Bank of Canada in Grenville
operations will be handed over officially to the National Commer-
cial Bank of Grenada Ltd on November 18th 1981."
Mr Frankie DeAbreu, RBC Manager in Grenada, told NEWSLETTER his
Bank has been operating in the island since 1913, and the Grenville
branch was established over 20 years ago. Mr DeAbreu said the.
selling of the Grenville branch to NCB should not be taken as an
indication that RBC has started a withdrawal from Grenada.
- continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
"The Royal Bank has had a very long and pleasant association with
Grenada", he said, "and we look forward to continuing our service
to the people of this lovely island."
On November 13th, Mr Ramdhanny confirmed to NEWSLETTER reports that
the initiative in this transaction came from RBC and the proposal
to purchase has been under consideration for some time.
"I wish to emphasise, the NBC President said, "that this trans-
action has come about as a result of a voluntary action by RBC and
that negotiations were conducted in a very cordian business
RBC has 12 employees at the Grenville branch and Mr Ramdhanny said
that, on November 16th, a formal offer of employment, without loss of
of service, under the new NCB management will be made to them. The
NCB staff in Grenville numbers 10.
As far as the physical arrangements are concerned, neither NCB nor
?BC own the promises from which their branches operate in Grenville,
and Mr Ramdhanny told NEWSLETTER that it has not yet been decided
whether to keep the two places of business open or amalgamate then.
Queried on the purchase price paid by NCB for RBC assets in Gren-
ville, neither Mr Ramdhanny nor Mr DeAbreu was willing to give the
NCB was founded on October 15th 1979 when the Peoples Revolutionary
government bought out the assets of the Canadian Imperial Bank of
Commerce (CIBC) branch in Grenville and, 42 months later, the CIBC
Head Office in St Georges was purchased when that Bank ceased
operations in Grenada. Since then, a NCB branch has been opened
in the west coast town of Gouyave, and two more, in St Davids and
Carriacou, are to be'opened shortly.
COMMON EMENIES & COMMON FRIENDS
Addressing a "solidarity With Angola" rally' on November 1lth, Prime Minis-
ter Maurice Bishop said the Peoples of Grenada and Southern Africa are
united by the same blood and the same history of colonialism and slavery.
"That history of slavery in itself is also a history that helps to unite
us and keep us closer", he said.
Mr Bishop said the countries of Southern Africa and Grenada have also the
same history of "struggle", the history of fighting against the same
oDpressors and enemies over the past 100 years. One of these common
Z'lemies, he said, is the United States Central Intelligence Agency (C.A).
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Week Ending 14.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5
"The same CIA that is today sending mercenaries into Angola to fight
against the people of Angola to try,in a vain attempt, to stop them
from further consolidating and building their revolution", he said,
"it is that same CIA that is, right now, sitting.~own in Washington
planning more violence, planning more terrorism against the people
of our region, against Cuba, against Nicaragua, against El Salvador,
against our own people in Grenada."
The Prime Minister pointed out that, in addition to sharing the
same enemies with Southern Africa, Grenada shares the same friends.
"If it is true to say that we share the same enemies", he said, "it
is also true that we have the same friends, because we must never
forget that, while the people of Cuba have continued to give their
full support to our own revolutionary process in Grenada, the same
people of Cuba have given their blood in order to help the people
of Angola to expell the racist South Africa and to keep their inde-
pendence and their freedom."
Mr Bishop pledged that the Peoples Revolutionary Government will
support all people in the world struggling for their liberation and
"Our struggle is as one with the struggle of all peace loving, demo-
cratic, progressive forces all around the world", he said. "That
has always been so, that will always be so. The Grenada revo-
lution will continue to give its full support to all progressive
humanity fighting for its liberation and freedom."
NEW TRANSMITTER IN SERVICE
Radio Free Grenada's new 75 kw transmitter went into operation on a
trial basis at 5.25 am on Wednesday November 4th.
Located at Beausejour on the island's west coast some 5 miles north
of St Georges, the transmitter operates on a frequency of 950 kc in
the medium wave band.
Construction of the station began in January last and, according to
the Government Information Service, the ,new west coast installation
will cost EC$960,000.00. Of this, the transmitter itself will
cost half a million EC dollars.
No announcements have been made with reference to the new station
which is carrying the regular Radio Free Grenada programmes, but it
is expected that an official opening of the new service will be
announced in due course.
RFG's studios and main transmitter plant are located at Morne
Rouge in the tourist development area some 5 miles south of
THE GRENADA NEWSLfitER
St.Georges. In that area, the station has a 5 kw short wave
service and a 1 kw service in the medium wave band.
PFU CELEBRATES ANNIVERSARY
Delivering the feature address at a rally called on November 1st to
mark the first anniversary of the Productive Farmers Union (PPU),
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said the rapid growth of the union
"What this means", he said, "is.the farmers in our country are now
moving rapidly to join the women of our country, to join the
youth of our country, to join the workers of our country in be-
coming more organised, in becoming more involved in running their
own affairs, in helping to make sure our country builds a new
meaningful democracy and our country rapidly establishes a self-
reliant and strong economy."
The Prime Minister referred to an allocation of EC$4.7 million made
for agriculture and said action has already been taken to put this
money to work.
"Today I want to tell you, comrades", he said, "that of that 4.7
million dollars, over 1.6 million dollars in heavy equipment has
already arrived on Grenada."
Giving details of the equipment,; Mr Bishop said it includes a
front-end loader costing $350 thousand, a grader $600 thousand,
a DC6 buldozer $350 thousand, two 4-ton rollers, $200 thousand
and two other pieces of heavy equipment, $100 thousand dollars.
The Prime Minister referred also to the EC$1 million agricultural
credit schemes He urged farmers who have not yet applied for
assistance under this scheme to do so, and said these advantages
are provided because of efforts of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government '(PRG) to boose agriculture.
"These efforts are also being made", he said, "because we under-
stand that over the years the farmer has been one of the most
oppressed and neglected and exploited and suffering sections of
the working people in our country."
The Prime Minister said the PRG is attempting to create the "new
farmer" in Grenada, one which, through the assistance provided by
the PRG, will move away from being the "suffering, exploited,
scrunting human being", to being a human able and capable of sat-
i. -ying the material needs of himself and his family.
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NEW HOUSING LAW
The Peoples Revolutionary Government has created a National Hous-
ing Authority which, among other things, will make loans to per-
sons for building homes and "make provision with respect to housing
of persons of the'working class".
Peoples Law 38/1981, made and gazetted on October 23rd, defines
"persons of the working class" as "mechanics, artisans, labourers
and other persons working for wages ." Also included in the
definition are "hawkers, husksters and persons not working for wages
but working at some trade, handicraft or agricultural occupation
without employing persons other than members of their own family."
The Authority, which is to be appointed by the Minister Of Housing
under this law, may both guarantee loans for housing or make loans
itself. In order to implement the latter, the Authority'may
either'borrow money with the approval of the Minister or have money
placed at its disposal by Cabinet.
This law is entitled the "National Housing Authority Law", and it
will come into operation on such "appointed day" as the Prime Min-
ister may approve.
BOARD TO HANDLE CIDA GRANT
The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) have agreed that a "Cocoa Project
Management Board" (CPMB) should be appointed to handle the CIDA
grant to Grenada for cocoa rehabilitation.
On August 26th, CIDA and the PRG signed a Memorandum of Agreement
under which CIDA will provide EC$20 million to finance the replanting
of 10,000 acres of worn-out, low-yielding cocoa fields.
Under Peoples Law 37/1981, establishment of the CPMB has been pro-
vided for and the law will come into effect on a day to be announced
by the Minister of Agriculture. The Board may appoint a Project
Manager as its Chief Executive, and a Project Supervisor as its
Personnel of the Board have.not yet been announced but, according to
the law, 7 persons are to be appointed. They will be 2 repre-
sentatives each from the Ministry of Agriculture and the Grenada
Cocoa Association, one from the farmers union which, in the opinion
of the Minister, represents'the farmers, one from the business,
professional or agricultural sector and one from the Ministry of
Planning and Finance.
N ITV A. ... .
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
LOUISON WANTS GEEST CONTRACT REBXAMINED.
Minister of Agriculture George Louison, on his way to attend a
meeting in St Lucia of Windward Islands Agricultural Ministers on
October 29th, said in St Georges on October 28th that the Windward
Islands Banana Industry is in a serious crisis.
He said that, in the interest of the farmer, better prices for
bananas exported must be negotiated and there must be a look at the
possibility of reexaminingg the contractual arrangements" which
exist with Geest Industries Ltd, the British Company which markets
Mr Louison sa!* bananas have been a major crop in the Windwards
for over 20 years tbut, while others engaged in the industry have
been able to make rapid progress, banana farmers have not been
able to get "any serious benefit" from the crop. It is the
feeling of the Peoples Revolutionary Government, he said. that the
time has come when the Governments of the Windward Islands have
to examine ways and means whereby those involved in banana produc-
tion can get better benefits from their work.
"Certainly Grenada intends to take a macro look at the entire
industry throughout the Windward Islands and the region", he said,
"and tz see the ways and means that we can come up with to get a
better deAl for our country and our farmers."
PRG BACKS THE PFU
The Peoples Revolutionary Government called on all "small and
medium" farmers in Grenada to join the Productive Farmers Union
(PU) which held its Annual General Meeting on November 1st.
This call came from Minister of Agriculture George Louison on
October 28th, and he said the PFU has two important roles to play.
One is the daily engagement of its members in production, and the
other is in ensuring that a key section of the country partici--
pates in the decision making process.
"It is in that context that we see Sunday's general meeting and
the mass rally the farmers are holding" he said, "that we want
to encourage every single small and medium farmer in the country,
who is not yet part of the PFU., that it is the kind of organisa-
tion that has shown the possibility, has shown the willingness,
has shown the level, has shown the commitment to become the
genuine mass organisation of the farmers-."
Mr Louison said that, for these reasons, all small and medium
farmers "should be part of that organisation in ensuring that
their interests become well looked after and, for the first
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Week Ending 14.11.81, THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
time, become part of the national interest as .the revolution
"ANDY" MITCHELL MANAGES HOUSING AUTHORITY
Radio Free Grenada said on November 2nd that, at a press conference
that day, Minister of Housing Norris Bain announced that three
separate Housing Boards and Authorities have been merged under
Peoples Law 38/1981 which was made and gazetted on October 23rd.
Mr Bain- said the former Government Housing Board, Grenada Housing
Authority and the National Housing Authority are now merged into
the new National Housing Authority (NHA) which was created by the
The Minister named Mr Andrew ("Andy") Mitchell as the NHA Manager/
Secretary and said the Authority will operate with funds made
available through three local Banks and a special fund from the
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Mr Bain did not name the Banks but, in December 1979, announcing
the PRG's intention to establish NHA, Minister of Finance Bernard
Coard said the PRG had obtained EC$1,.5 million each from Barclays
Bank, the Royal Bank of Canada and the Bank of Nova Scotia for low
income housing. In addition, Mr Coard said, EC$! million had
been obtained from OPEC for this purpose.
"The money has been loaned from the Banks at 6% interest over 20
years", Mr Coard said at the time, "and there is a 3 year grace
period for the commencement of repayments."
NHA is a statutory body but will be housed under the same roof and
will share staff and technical expertise with the Ministry of
Dealing with practical developments, Mr Bain said 2 housing schemes
would be launched on November 4th. One, at Grand Anse, south of
St Georges, comprises 18 houses in its first phase, and the other
at Telescope, on the peninsular on the east coast lying between
Pearls airport and the island's second town of Grenville, comprises
The Minister disclosed that a Cuban technical team was then in
Grenada to advise on construction of a pre-fabricated concrete
plant donated by Cuba to be used in the housing schemes, and he said
assistance for Grenada's long term housing needs is being negotia-
ted by the PRG with Mexico, Surinam and Venezuela.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
A recent study by the Caribbean Development Bank indicated that the
island needs 800 new houses annually, Mr Bain said, but he thought
this figure will be reduced as, under the PRG's House Repair
Programme, houses in bad condition are being repaired.
Over 1500 families have benefited under this Repair Programme,
Mr.Bain said. The scheme, introduced in December 1979, assisted
'93 families by December 1980 and, to date in 1981, 908 families
have had their homes repaired. This figure is expected to climb
to well over 1000 by year's end.
Two House Repair Programmes, announced by Minister of Finance
Lernard Coard in December 1979, are in effect. The first, for
rural workers earning less than EC$150 per month, provides a
maximum of EC$1000, one third of which is a grant, two thirds to be
repaid interest free over 10 years. The second is for workers
drawing less than EC$250 per.month; It also provides a maximum
ofEC$1000 which is repayable, interest free, over 5 years.
The Minister said a total of EC$2.4 million has been allocated for
the House Repair Schemes and, to date, over EC$1 million had been
spent in building materials.
GG ADDRESSES ROTARY
Sir Paul Scoon, Grenada's Governor General, told the Rotary Club
of Grenada on October 29th that, whether or tot they are asked,
professional people Continuously must offer advice or contribute
to public discussion on all matters of national policy that fall
within their competence.
Sir Paul was addressing the weekly Rotary luncheon on the theme,
"The Role of the Professional" in Small States", and he told the
Rotarians the professional must not wait to be consulted but must
offer advice to Government, seek to have an ongoing dialogue and
develop a rapport with Government which is vital if development
objectives are to be obtained.
Originally a teacher by profession, Sir Paul holds a Batchelor of
Arts degree from London University and a Masters Degree in Educat-
ion from Toronto University. As a member of the Grenada Civil
Service, he was Cabinet Secretary to the Grenada Government from
July 1969 to December 1972 when he left'to take up an appointment
as Deputy Director of the Commonwealth Foundation in London. He
:a.s appointed Governor General on September 30th.1978.
:n his address, Sir Paul warned that, in many small states, the
...jority of professional people are Civil Servants who "work
perilously close to the corridors of power" and, it may be argued,
Week Bndina 14.11.81
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
in order to save their jobs or gain promotion, they invariably give
the kind of advice the powers-that-be want to hear.
'All I can say is that such people have no right to be in positions
of trust", he said, "and are doing a great disservice, not only to
the authorities for whom they work, but also to the taxpayer who
provides the money to pay them."
The Governor General thinks the professionals in the Civil Service
must always give sound, competent advice with integrity and object-
ivity and, if it is not accepted, then, without rancour, they must
carry out the instructions of those in authority.
Professionals in small states must encourage development of
indigenous professional skills, Sir Paul said, and must assist in
local education and training programmes at sub-professional level.
They should also encourage mid-career training for their own mem-
bers and promote seminars and conferences among themselves to keep
abreast of new knowledge.
He said also that professionals must have a role in careers
guidance at the school level. "The odd lecture to a group of
boys and girls leaving school is not enough", he said, "Our boys
and girls should not only be told what is expected of a professional
in any particular field, but should be given opportunities to observed
professionals at work."
Sir Paul advocated an approach to problem-solving by the inter-
disciplinary team, and said there must be constant co-mingling
between professionals, administrators, businessmen, trade unionists
and others for the common good.
In the search for a new economic order, the Governor General con-
tended that the advice of professionals should be brought in at the
earliest possible point of the planning stage. Without high
standards of work, conduct, integrity and objectivity, he thinks,
any small country will place its future at stake.
"The professionals must play their part in nation building", Sir
Paul said, "and should always place service to the community before
their own self-gratification but, above all, the professionals
should be free to regulate their own affairs."
NEW BUDGET PREPARATION PROCESS
The preparation and presentation of Grenada's 1982 National Budget
will not be in the traditional fashion but by a process designed to
"deepen the process of people's democracy now taking place in the
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This was announced on October 29th by Mr Bernard LaCorbiniere, Budget
Officer in the Ministry of Finance .& Planning, and Mr LaCorbitiere
stressed that this is the first time in Grenada's history and in the
history of the English speaking Caribbean that the people, through
their organizations, will contribute to the preparation of the
During the first week in November, the Budget Officer said, the
!inistry of Finance & Planning will prepare a preliminary analysis
of the yearly financial statement and, during the second week in
November, officials of that Ministry will discuss the details of
their respective budgets with Ministries and Government Departments.
Between November 13th and 16th, a summary of the outcome of these
discussions will be done, a preliminary budget will be submitted to
the Minister of Finance and, by the end of the month, Cabinet will
discuss the 1982 Budget.
During the first two weeks in December, Officials of the Ministry
of Finance & Planning will meet with trade unions, mass organisat-
ions, workers and individuals to hear criticisms, suggestions and
recommendations and, taking these into consideration, the final
Budget will be ready by December 20th for submission to Cabinet for
The Budget.in its finished form will be printed and made available
by early January 1982.
TRADE UNION CONFERENCE FOR GRENADA
Caribbean workers who work under the Communist system in Cuba have
a great deal in common with their counterparts who work under the
capitalist system in other parts of the region.
This opinion was expressed on November 2nd by Mr Vincent Noel,
First Vice-President of the Grenada Trade Union Council and
Secretary (Junior Minister) in the Ministry of National
Mobilisation, as he spoke to reporters about the Third Trade Union
Conference for the Unity & Solidarity of Caribbean Workers which
takes place in Grenada from 18th to 21st November.
"The question of worker solidarity transcends economic systems",
he said. "Workers everywhere have the right and the duty to
work together to a better share of the wealth that they helped
create in terms of getting better benefits, economically, wages
'sic), in terms of improving working conditions, in terms of
;~ving solidarity when they are threatened as a class or when
.,eir country is threatened, and I think all of these things
.ranscend social systems, political systems and even religious
S.Ostions." -continued -
Week Ending 104,11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
The first trade union conference of this kind took place in Guyana
in Gugust 1977 sponsored by the National Trade Union Organisations
of Cuba, Guyana and Guadeloupe and the Caribbean Congress of
Labour (CCL). According to Mr Noel,.20 organizations from the
region were represented and it was the first time that trade unions
from the French, English, Dutch and Spanish speaking Caribbean had
gathered together in conference.
In 1979, the next regional trade union conference was held in Cuba,
28 organizations were represented, and Mr Noel said.that, for the
third conference now to be held in Grenada, 25 organizations had
already accepted the invitation and he expected several more to
indicate their willingness to attend.
"This conference, already, purely from the number of participating
organizations, promises not only to surpass the previous confer-
ences", he said, "but to be very successful from the point of view
Indicating the participants, Mr Noel said that represented will be
"the major trade unions from throughout the English speaking
Caribbean and also from all the chains of islands from Antigua to
Guyana". Affirmative responses for attendance have been received
also from trade union organizations in Belize, Cayenne, Surinam,
Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Nicaragua, Cuba,
Curacao, Aruba, Martinique and Guadeloupe.
Mr Noel disclosed that the conference will have "two broad items"
on its agenda. The first will be what he called the "socio-
economic problems that workers in the area face, including their.
living and working conditions, as a result of the world capitalist
crisis and the influence of trans-national enterprises on our
"The second one", he said, "will be trade union'unity and solidarity
in the struggle for better economic, social and political conditions
for Caribbean workers."
Mr Noel said that, to date, the conference did not have a secretariat
and he thought this had militated against any concrete actions
coming out of the last two conferences. He said, however, that
the need for a secretariat was then being discussed and Grenada is
one of thepossible sites for its location.
The coordinating committee organising the conference is comprised,
Mr Noel said, of trade union organizations from Guyana, Guadeloupe,
Jamaica, Belize, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Grenada and Trinidad & Tobago,
and Mr Noel said the fact that Grenada has been chosen to host the
conference is an indication that the committee has identified
Grenada as one of the countries where workers' rights and privileges
Page 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTSR Week Ending 14.1L.81
have been expanded greatly during the -last 2 years;
"I think 1his is,, in part, ;solidarity with Grenadian workers"', he
said, "andw to see for. themselves the process that is taking place
in Grenada." .
BISHOP ADDRESSES EMULATION CEREMONY
Addressing the first National Education Emulation Ceremony, Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop said on October 30th that emulation ought
to play a central role in the transformation of education in the
country, and would lead to greater participation and broader
organisation of student bodies.
"In every school", he said, "there must be a vibrant Student
Council sharing responsibility for the efficient running of the
school. Sporting clubs, debating societies, agricultural
associations, cultural groups, National Youth Organisation groups,
Pioneers (kids 5 to 14 years), all contributing to the patriotic
and full development of character."
Mr Bishop said emulation in education contributes to better admin-
istration of the school. It sets standards for the pursuit of
excellence, he said, it requires continuous assessment and it
evaluates the main activities of the school.
'"Within the education system", the Prime Minister said, "emulation
on the one hand, recognizes advancement, uses these as the measure
for higher collective and individual standards and, on the other
hand, evaluates and criticizes, identifies shortcomings, encourages
and motivates to resolve these difficulties."
Education is also production, Mr Bishop said, because the teacher
is producing young workers, patriots and interlectuals who will
become Grenada's scientists, engineers, agro-industrialists, agri-
culturists, administrators and technicians of the future.
"Teacher and student, together, are planting seeds for the future",
he said, "They are a part of the same future and, clearly, there
should be no antagonism or contradiction between them."
The Prime Minister said also that the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment (PRG) is looking forward to greater collaboration with the
Church in changing 'the education system for the better.
Yn the absence of Minister of Education Miss Jacqueline Creft,
i Kendrick, Radix, Attorney General and Minister of Legal Affairs,
I ,:o-Industries.& Fisheries, disclosed to those gathered for the
ceremony some.of the PRG's plans for education. Efforts are
Week Ending 14.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 15
being made to provide each secondary school with a school farm, he
said, and a programme is being prepared for the training of secon-
dary school teachers at pre-service and in-service levels.
"Indeed", he said, "the University of the West Indies has already
been approached for assistance in this."
The Emulation Ceremony was held at the Conference Centre at Grand
Anse and was attended by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon and Lady
Scoon in addition to Cuban Ambassador to Grenada Mr Julian Torres
Rizo, religious leaders, parents, students and the general public.
Sir Paul presented prizes to students who achieved outstanding
performances during the last academic year.
NYO MEMBERSHIP DRIVE SUCCESSFUL
At the end of October, the National Youth Organisation (NYO) was
more than half way to its target of 7000 which it has set itself in
its membership drive. NYO is to have its first congress in
December and had announced this target to be achieved before the congr..
Radio Free Grenada (RFG) said on October 30th that the 4000 mark had
been crossed and NYO has decided that the additional 3000 new mem-
bers must be enrolled by November 22nd. That is the date on
which the Peoples Revolutionary Government will commemorate "Bloody
Sunday", the Sunday in November 1973 when top members of the New
Jewel Movement were badly beaten by criminals employed by deposed
Prime Minister Eric Gairy.
RFG said also that the Pioneers group (youngsters whose ages run
from 5 to 14) had recruited 1000 new members during the week then
past, bringing the total membership to 4200.
CSO PUBLISHES KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Figures released by the Central Statistical Office (CSO) indicate
that, for the first 7 months of this year, the total of Grenada's
domestic exports rose by EC$1.7 million or 5,4% as compared with
the same period last year.
A table of "Key Economic Indicators", released late in October by
the CSO, shows that, of domestic exports, cocoa and nutmegs are
both down for the period, showing falls respectively of EC$1.6
million (9.8%) and EC$ million (7.8%).
Of the agricultural export crops, bananas is the only one to show
an increase in the January to July figures, registering an advance
of nearly EC$69 thousand or 1.1% over last year's statistics. This
Pgae 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.11.81
gain is insufficient to.account for the increase' in total domestic
exports and the CSO explains the increase as being due to con-
siderable advances in non-traditional exports such as clothing and
The imports table shows an increase, of EC$5.5 million (7%) in the
period as compared with 1980. Over the years 1977 to 1981, figures
aor the January to July period show imports respectively in millions
of EC dollars as 47.0, 52.3, 64.7, 79.0-and 84.5.
There has been.a dramatic fall, from 186 in 1980 to 92 in 1981, in
the number of cruise liner visits to the island during the period
of the year reviewed. What this results in number of passengers
is nbt shown in the "Table of Economic Indicators", but the figure
for the "stay-over visitors" has fallen by 9.1% from the 17.5
thousand figure of 1980.
Cost of Living
With a base of 100 in January 1979, the Retail Price Index (cost of
living) stood at 164.7 in July of this year, a rise of 21% from the
same month in 1980. The Index of Retail Sales has a base of 100
established in January 1980 and, in July 1981, this showed a fall
of 5% since July 1980 and a total fall of 11.4% since the base was
In July last, Government's revenue for the year was down by 1.1%, a
fall of just under EC$ million'from the figure for the same period
in 1980. In the years 1978 to 1981, for the first 7 months of
:ach year, Government's revenue from customs, taxes and licences was,
respectively in millions of EC dollars, 21.2, 28.5, 28.6 and 28.3.
The CSO gives the figure of EC$23.8 million as private remittances
received in the island through commercial banks and the Post Office
during the January to July period this year. Figures for these
remittances are not given for any other year.
Ralph Thompson, a political detainee of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG), who was the subject of a controversial habeas
corpus court action last year, was buried on October 26th.
A former member of the New Jewel Movement and top ranking member
of the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA), Thompson had a disagree-
ment with the PRG and was relieved of his army post. At the
time of his arrest on June 19th 1980 (the day of the explosion
f a bomb at a rally), he was in charge of Government's gravel
-i ..rry at Queens Park, St Georges.
. . . . . A s
Week Ending 14.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 17
Barrister Mr Lloyd Noel, himself a former member of the New Jewel
Movement (NJM) and Acting Attorney General & Minister of Legal
Affairs, who resigned from the PRG because of differences of opinion,
filed, a year ago, a Motion of habeas corpus on Thompson's behalf.
According to Mr Noel, who subsequently has been detained by the PRG,
no charges had been laid against his client and no Order issued for
his detention as required by law.
This was the first time the legality of any PRG action had been
challenged in Court and, amid great public interest, the writ was
heard before Mr Justice Nedd.
Arising out of the details of the hearing, Mr Nedd said he was
"uneasy" at the prospect of a detainee being held for several,
months before receiving a"copy of the Detention Order to know why
he was being held, and he thought it is a matter of question how the
Commissioner of Prisons knew that Thompson was legally detained.
Handing down his decision last December 12th, Mr Nedd ruled that
there had been a valid Detention Order relative to Thompson, and he
dismissed Mr Noel's application for habeas corpus.
Thompson had been in the General Hospital for some time reported to
be suffering from a kidney infection. He died on October 22nd
and the funeral rites were conducted on. October 26th in the over-
flowing Roman Catholic Cathedral in St Georges. Among those
attending the funeral were Mr Christopher DeRiggs, a member of the
PRG and Mr Patrick MacLeish,Commissioner of Prisons.
ECHOES OF 1970S IN HIGH COURT
Memories of the political unrest in Grenada in the early 1970s were
revived in the October session of the Criminal Assizes which ended
in the High Court on October 26th.
Among the charges heard were those against Moslyn Bishop, alias
"Pram" and Albert Clarke alias "Heads", both men being accused of
causing harm to Norbert St Bernard on November 4th 1973 during a
political meeting which was being addressed by deposed Prime
Minister Eric Gairy.
This incident was investigated by the Duffus Commission which, in
1973/74, looked into the breakdown of law and order in Grenada at
that time. Referring to the incident at the political meeting,
St Bernard told the Commissioners he had gone there with Ken Milne,
a Grenada businessman, and Leslie Seon, a journalist.
As reported by St Bernard, the Prime Minister directed the crowd's
hostility against Milne, saying, "Here is a man who calls himself a
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
millionaire Ken Milne he make himself a damn ass such a man is
a man to kill."
The crowd attacked Milne, Seon and St Bernard (Milne having to be
taken to hospital) and St Bernard told the Commissioners that Bishop
and Clarke, members of Gairy's criminal "mongoose gang", beat him up.
At the Grenada Assizes, presided over by Mr Justice Singh and just
completed Bishop and Clarke were found guilty and were sentenced each
to one year's imprisonment which they will serve concurrently with
Together with other members of the "mongoose gang", Bishop and Clarke
were detained on March 13th 1979, the day of the revolution, and last
December they were found guilty in Court on charges arising out of an
incident which is among what the Duffus Commission described as
unspeakable atrocities"c mnmitted the gang against Grenadians.
At that time, the 8 men tried received a total of 203 years in jail
fc-r attempted murder; two of the convicted men have since won appeals
against this conviction.
ALL BUT ONE PHONE RECONNECTED
Informed sources said in St Georges on November 10th that, on in-
ictructions from the Security Division of the Prime Minister's office,
jthe telephone service had been restored, with one exception, to
those persons who have been disconnected for over four months on
i'hese telephones belong to persons who are shareholders in the
Company which published "The Grenadian Voice" newspaper whose first
'issue appeared on June 13th last. On June 19th, the.date on
which the second issue was due to come out, the Peoples Revolutionary
Government closed the newspaper and the telephones were disconnected
3n that day.
The sources said that, during the course of the week ending 7th
November all the telephones except that of Grenadian journalist
Alister Hughes (NEWSLETTER's Editor) were reconnected. Mr Hughes
confirmed that he is still without the use of his phone and said
his car, which was seized by the Police on June 19th, has not been
Ma, ^ i l "IIII-
bCa^' --- ''^BSif
Week Ending 14:.11-81
Week Ending 14.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 19
HOLIDAY INN BURNS
Operators in Grenada's ailing Tourist Industry have described as a
"major disaster" the fire of unknown origin which swept through the:
Holiday Inn on Grand Anse in the early hours of October 28th.
Discovered in the kitchen area by a security guard shortly after
2.00 am, the fire spread rapidly and, by the time it was brought
under control by the Fire Department about 5.30 am, the main block
of the hotel had been destroyed. In ashes were the kitchen, house-
keeping department, main dining room, coffee shop, lobby and recep-
tion area, administration office, residents lounge and some boutiques
The Holiday Inn has 184 rooms, 124 in the main buildings and 60 in
the East Wing. All of the rooms were saved but there was some
water damage. There was, however, expensive loss to the roofs
over the rooms. Constructed of wooden shingles placed over an
inner concrete roof, large sectionsof the shingles were consumed by
the fire, the inner concrete roof saving what could have been total
Opened in 1970, Holiday Inn is Grenada's largest hotel. Its East
Wing is the former Grenada Beach Hotel which was built by a private
Company in which Jamaican businessman Mr Abe Issa has principal
interest. Following a fire on 7th July 1971 at Grenada Beach
Hotel, Holiday Inn took that hotel over as its "East Wing", it
standing conveniently next to the Holiday Inn buildings on the mile
long white sands of Grand Anse beach, some 4 miles from St Georges.
At the scene of the fire, shortly after it had been brought under
control, Holiday Inn's Assistant .I~nkeeper Mr Andre Cherman, told
NEWSLETTER his 44 guests had been housed at other hotels in the area,
The Spice Island Inn had taken 28 and 16 were at the Blue Horizen
Hotel. No one had been injured in the fire but Mr Cherman said he
could not say what property losses the guests had suffered.
"Nor can I say what the cost of the damage to buildings and equip-
ment is", he said,."but it is going to be considerable."
The Assistant Innkeeper said that, even excluding the buildings and
considering only losses in kitchen equipment, furniture and items in
the housekeeping department such.as linen, the losses will be very
Flying in to Grenada on October 28th by chartered plane were the
President, Vice President and General Manager of Holiday Inns.These
officials were in Trinidad, having recently completed a Holiday Inns
General Managers Conference in Barbados, and were visiting Trinidad
to inspect the Holiday Inn there before coming to Grenada.
- continued -
PF _.e 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER .Week Ending 14.11.81
The future of the present 105 strong staff is uncertain and the 80
plus additional persons who were to be taken on for the coming
Winter Season will not get this employment. According to an
official of Holiday Inn, the projections for November and December
were "extremely good", but it could not be said whether these
bookings could be diverted to other hotels in the island.
I-terviewed on October 28th, Mr Royston Hopkin, President of the
Grenada Hotel Association, expressed dismay over the implications
of the fire for Grenada's Tourist Industry. "This is a major
disaster", he said, "With Holiday Inn, our biggest hotel and front-
runner out of business, even if only temporarily, the blow to our
Tourist Industry is tremendous."
following negotiations which have been in progress for over a year,
and the sitting of an Arbitration Tribunal, the Grenada Telephone
Company Ltd has entered into a two year Industrial Agreement with
its employees who are represented by the Technical & Allied Workers
The Agreement, signed on October 27th, provides for advances in
wages and increased working and meal allowances.
GMWA NOW EMBER OF IOJ
The Grenada Media Workers Association (GMWA) has been accepted as
a full member of the International Organisation of Journalists
The application for membership was considered at the nineth IOJ
Congress which took place in Moscow and at which the GMWA was
represented by Mr Don Rojas, First Vice President of GMWA and
Editor of the Government owned "Free West Indian" newspaper.
Mr Rojas said in St Georges on November 10th that journalists
from 96 countries were present in Moscow and the Congress con-
demned the "monopoly of the international news media by imperial-
ist Companies in Eastern Europe and North America."
GMWA was formed last May and was launched officially in July.
'ith a membership drawn from the Government owned media in Grenada,
'he.aims of the Association are stated to be to assist media
-kers to perform their duties properly and to increase partic-
-ation of Grenadian workers in building the Grenada revolution.
_~_~__~_ __ ___
__ __ _____
Week Ending 14.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page .1
Mr Rojas also visited the German Democratic Republic and Bulgaria
where he held discussions on the possibilities of training for
SHELL ACQUIRES ESSO FACILITIES
Shell Antilles & Guianas Ltd has acquired the facilities in Grenada
of Esso Standard Oil Co Ltd and, "in a press release issued on
November 5th, announced that, with effect from November 1st, the
Company will move into direct marketing in the island.
To this effect, all activities relating to the transportation and
sale of gasolene, gas-oil, kerosene, ,.lubricants and bitumen have
been taken over from the previous Shell Distributirs, McIntyre Bros
With reference to-"Shellane" bottled gas, Shell said new arrange-
ments are being made for its distribution and an announcement will
be made in due course.
NWO JOINS WIDF
Grenada has been accepted as a member of the Women's International
Democratic ,Federation (WIDF) which recently, in Prague Czechoslov-
akia, concluded a world conference of women.
Attending that conference were Mrs Phyllis Coard, President of
Grenada's National Women's Organisation (NWO) (and wife of iMinister
of Finance Bernard Coard), NWO Vice-President Ms. Rita Joseph, and
NWO Secretary for Education Ms. Edlyn Calliste.
A Government Information Service release-issued on November 12th
quoted Mrs Coard as saying the conference provided the opportunity
for allwomen to speak freely on the situation in their respective
countries, and the NWO participants were able to get first hand
information on conditions in other countries.
PREADIAL LARCENY GREATEST PROBLEM
Some of the results of the National Agricultural Census conducted
in August have been released and it has been disclosed that, in the
State of Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martiniqug, there are 8,202
farmers and a total farm acerage of 34,234.
Other statistics are that the average age of the Grenadian farmer
is 51 but that farmers who do not produce on their own land are,
Pgge 22 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER WIek Ending 14.11.81
on an average, 13 years younger than farmers who own their own land.
For purposes of the Census, the island" (f 6renada was divided into
4 districts. In Grenada East wa$ found 2,476 farmers, the high-
est figure for any district. Grenada North has 1,790, West
1,790 and South 1,542. The island of.Carriacou and Petit
Martinique recorded 593.
.: all farmers, 24.5% named preadial larceny as their greatest
single problem while 18% placed labour difficulties next on the
problem list. The Census survey disclosed that respondents who
viewed labour as a problem are generally 7 years older than those
who do not consider it a problem.
OAS GIVES MORE FUNDS FOR CPE
The Organisation of American States (QAS) has approved an applic-
ation from the Peoples Revolutionary Government for additional
financial assistance for the Centre for Popular Education (CPE).
This has been disclosed by Ms Val Cornwall, National CPE Coordin-
ator who attended a meeting of Latin American and Caribbean coun-
tries with adult education programmes in Columbia in October.
Ms. Cornwall said the purpose of the meeting had been to evaluate
the progress of projects and to submit project proposals or
request further financing.
Two other Caribbean countries, St Lucia and Haiti, were represen-
ted at the meeting which was the Third Annual Technical Coordinat-
ing Meeting of the Special Project on Adult Education for the
Development of Rural Education.
PAHO LEAK DETECTION METER FOR CWC
Conservation of water by the Central Water Commission (CWC) is to
be assisted by the Panamerican Health Organisation(PAHO).
Following discussions during the second week in November by CWC
Manager Mr LeRoy Neckles, with visiting PAHO officials, it has been
announced that the CWC Development Programme is to get a boost in
the field of leak detection.
A leak detection meter is to be sent to Grenada shortly and this
instrument will be installed on the CWC water distribution lines.
_ __ __
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
UNIFAD APPROVES LOAN FOR FISHERIES
The United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development
(UNIFAD) has approved a loan to Grenada of US$1.5 million for a 4-
year fisheries development project.
The project will up-grade 6 existing fishing centres, establish 2
new centres fully equipped with cold storage, freezing and grading
facilities, and provide credit for the island's fishermen.
It has been estimated that 11,000 people will benefit from this loan
which is expected to generate fish production valued at some EC$2.5
NWO ENROLLMENT SOARS
Grenada's National Womcn's Organisation (NWO) has achieved 75%"of
the enrollment goal it sa~'itself for 1981.
According ,to Radio Free Grenada, NWO National Organising STsretary
Ms. Tessa Stroude said that, up to November 3rd, membership had
climbed to;6Q48 on its way to the goal of 8000 by december 31st.
Ms Stroude said the present figure represents 25.2% of all women
in Grenada between the ages of 18 and 65.
TFG INTRODUCES MID-WEEK BROADCAST
Television in Grenada took a step forward on November 4th when
Television Free Grenada (TFG) introduced a mid-week broadcast for
Before the revolution of March 13th 1979, TFG was "Grenada Tele-
vision, and it had its origins in a private Company, Grenada Tele-
vision Co Ltd which was incorporated on May 27th 1974 with an
authorised capital of EC$250 thousand.
Principal shareholder in the Company was Mr Joseph Pitt, a Grenad-
ian, and the Company depended for its revenue on a monopoly given
by Government for the importation and sale of television sets.
In 1978, the Government of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy pur-
chased 30% of the shares in the Company for EC$112.5 thousand and
assumed control. It is not known whether, since the revolution,
the Peoples Revolutionary Government has acquired any more shares
in the Company which now has no source of revenue as the monopoly
on importation of TV sets has been removed.
- continued -
Week. Ending 14,11.81
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Before the revolution, there was no regular schedule of broadcasting
from the station,, local imput being on an ad hoc basis and limited
almost entirely to political occasions. Now, from 26th April
1981, there is regular programming on Sunday evenings and, from
November 4th, this has been expanded to Wednesday broadcasts also.
The relay from Trinidad & Tobago Television continues at other times.
'ie of the main features of the mid-week broadcasts is a programme
conducted by the "Pioneers", the National organisation of children
gges 5 to 14.
LOUISON AT FAO MEETING
Minister of Agriculture George Louison heads Grenada's delegation
to a meeting of the Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the
United Nations which opened in Rome on November 7th.
The delegation includes Grenada's Ambassador to Brussels, Mr Mario
Bullen, Chief Technical Officer in the Ministry of Agriculture
Mr Dennis Noel and Agricultural Economist Dr Joseph Taylor.
In Rome, it was expected that Mr Louison will take the opportunity
to hold discussions with representatives of Indonesia attending the
meeting. Grenada and Indonesia are the world's main suppliers
of nutmegs and, for some time, Grenada has been making efforts to
.hve marketing arrangements with Indonesia.
Early in 1979, Mr Robin Renwick, Manager of the Grenada Cooperative
'..utmeg Association; (the statutory body which exports Grenada's
nutmegs), visited Indonesia and held talks with officials there
:ith a view to establishing marketing arrangements, but no develop-
The FAO meeting in Rome runs until November 26th.
ICE PLANT FROM BULGARIA
Bulgaria is to assist Grenada with the building of an ice-plant
and'in the development of the island's agro-industries.
This was disclosed late in October by Mr Boice Dimetrov, Bulgarian
Ambassador to Grenada as he concluded a week-long visit to the
r Dimetrov, who is stationed in Cuba, expressed satisfaction with
rh relations between his country and Grenada, and said negotiations
or an agreement on technical cooperation will be completed within
ie next two months.
Week Ending 14,11,81
Week Ending 14.11. 81 THE'iGRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 25
STRACHjAN: NO0HOSTILITY BETWEEN BISHOP'& ADAIIS
The breakdown in :eiitions between Barbados and Grenada was not dis-
cussed by Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Heads of Government when
they met in' Australia for the recent Commonwealth Heads of Govern-
ment Conference. .
Minister of National Mobilisation Selwyn Strachan said this at a
press conference on October 24th but, he said that, when Prime
Ministers Tom Adams and Maurice Bishop met with the other CARICOM
Heads of Government to discuss a proposed CARICOM Heads of Govern-
ment meeting, there was no hostility.
"At the same time", .Mr Strachan said, "it would not be correct to.
say there has been a restoration of normal state relations. We
are struggling' and fighting for that, as we have said from day one,
we are going to be pushing to have the best kind of relations with
every single country in the region, including Barbados."
Relations between Grenada and Barbados became strained 'tewlve
months ago when Prime Minister Adams publicly called on the Peoples
Revolutionary Government to hold General Elections as it had
promised to do immediately after the revolution of March 13th 1979.
This evoked a sharp response from Mr Bishop and resulted in a
heated "war of words" between the two men,
Minister Strachan said the Peoples Revolutionary Government wants
improved relations with Barbados, but he restated his Government's
stand that it respects every country's right to develop its own
"process" and demands the same respect for itself.
In keeping with NEWSLETTER's policy of providing sub-
scribers with as complete a record as possible of
Grenadian developments, the last two issues have re-
ported items of news from earlier this year, whith
items, for reasons beyond the dfitorts control, have
not been carried before.
The items which follow are in this category and
(thankfully !!!) bring the record now..completely up
_ __ _
Ig-e 26 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.11.81
BISHOP ANALYSES, RAGAN'S "FEAR".
Posing the question "Why have they singled out our poor, small, coun-
try for invasion 7", Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has publicly anal-
ysed the reasons he thinks the situation in Grenada has stimulated "so
much fear in the hearts of Reagan and his war-lords in the United
his analysis came in the course of an address to a public rally on
August 23rd, and Mr Bishop said the first thing to be considered is
that the Grenada revolution is the first in the English speaking
Caribbean. This revolution, he said, destroyed the myth that
'American can rely on the fact that the Caribbean countries are too
small, week and cowardly to challenge dictatorship.
"When the Grenada revolution came along and challenged that theory*,
he said, "it smashed one of the.major illusions that they have spent
dozens of years cultivating and, therefore, the example of the Grenada
revolution has become a subversive and dangerous example."
The second factor, he said, is that "imperialism" is afraid of the
prospect that the end result of the Grenada revolution is the con-
.truction in Grenada of an alternative development model which can
challenge the model existing in the rest of the English speaking Carib-
bean, and whose benefits to the people can create dissatisfaction in
the other islands of the English speaking Caribbean.
"A thitd factor", he said, "is that the Grenada revolution has em-
.:'.rked on a particular kind of foreign policy that the United States
.ruling circles find to be subversive and dangerous".
That policy is based on "non-alignment", the Prime Minister said, and
is coupled with an independent outlook which says that Grenada is "not
in anybody's backyard". The United States understands what this
means, he said, and sees it as dangerous to the survival of the
system of imperialism which exploits Third World countries.
The United States has also assessed the fact that Grenada is a "black"
country, Mr Bishop said, and is concerned over the fact that because
the U.S. has millions of "oppressed" Black people "in captivity",
those Black people will develop, instinctively, a relationship, rap-
port, dialogue and feeling "with and for our people who are leading
this evolution 'in Grenada."
Another point to be taken into account, Mr Bishop said, is that, be-
cause Grenada is an English speaking country, it is easier for Gre-
ndians to communicate with Americans than it is for the Spanish
peaking Cubans and Nicaraguans to do so.
y7 time a tourist lands in this country", he said, "regardless of
.-ich Grenadian he or she speaks to, immediately one important means
communication is well established, that one dealing with the
____ ________ __________
Week Ending 14.11.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 27
question of language. They have identified that fact in their
secret documents also."
The Prime Minister said the U.S. has noted that Grenada is situated
geographically in a very strategic location in that much of the
bauxite and oil going to the United States must pass close to Gre-
nada. This does not suit the U.S he said, because "they have
drawn the conclusion that their oil and bauxite requires a country
that is near by that they can-fully control and fully dominate."
The Prime Minister said it is also necessary to see the situation in
the context of the fact that the present American administration and
the ruling circles in the United States are totally opposed to any
"revolution or to any progressive movement" in any part of the
"And that is one of the reasons also", he said, "why they have
placed Cuba, Nicaragua and Grenada so high up on their hit f'ist for
extermination, because they believe they have a right to rule the
region, to rule the world ...."
The United States believes they have this right, Mr Bishop said,
and this is another big factor in terms of the reason why the Reagan
administration "has shown so much hostility and has now decided
finally that the time has come when they must move to remove us
altogether by armed invasion."
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has requested regional
Governments to cooperate in "bringing to justice" two Grenadians
whose passports have been withdrawn.
In a statement read over Radio Free Grenada (RFG) on July 8th,
Stanley Cyrus and James Herry were named as being wanted by the
authorities, and the statement said formal charges of being engaged
in counter revolutionary activity were to be laid shortly against
Cyrus, a Professor at Howard University in the USA, who returned to
Grenada shortly after the March 13th 1979 revolution, was detained
by the PRG in October 1979. It was alleged then that he was
involved in a reported attempted coup to overthrow the PRG, and
that he was an agent of the United States Central Intelligence
In March last year, along with 12 other detainees, Cyrus was re-
leased by the PRG as a gesture to mark the first anniversary of the
revolution. Shortly after, he left Grenada, and in an April
P ge 28 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER W-eek Ending_ 14.11.81
16th interview with the Trinidad "Express" newspaper, said he had not
been tortured while he was detained, but that he had tape recordings
and signed statements from other prisoners recounting torture by
prison authorities in Grenada.
These tapes he had already sent to the Human Rights Committee of the
Organisation of American States and to Amnesty International, he said,
'"t a check by "NEWSLETTER" with Amnesty's International Secretariat
disclosed that, up to May 16th, these tapes had not been received.
According to the statement read over RFG Herry tried, without author-
ity, shortly after the revolution t6 take over command of the Militia
in St Patricks Parish and for this act, he was publicly exposed and
stripped of all rank and authority in the Militia.
"He had illegally collected a quantity of arms and ammunition which he
refused to hand over to the authorities", the statement said, "instead
he passed then over to a band of counter revolutionaries ..... of which
he was the leader"
Herry was detained in October 1979 at the same time with Cyrus and was
accused also of being involved in.the alleged plot to overthrow the
iTG. The date of his release is not known but it is probably about
the same time as Cyrus' as the RFG statement said of the two men that
"immediately after their release from detention in 1980", they held a
press conference in Barbados.
The statement referred to several known killings in Grenada and to the
bomb incident at Queens Park on June 19th 1980. "There is strong
evidence linking both Cyrus and Herry to these incidents in which 8
persons have been murdered and 99 others have been wounded", the state-
The statement referred also to an underground newspaper now reported to
be circulating in Grenada, and it accused Herry and Cyrus of working
actively to overthrow the PRG.
"Throughout their recent trips to the region", the statement said,
"both Cyrus and Herry in their public statements and in their public
writings, including their latest rag, "The Grenadian", published out
of Trinidad, have clearly shown that they are openly engaged in CIA
motivated and sponsored counter revolutionary activities ...."
CARD: P 3G WILL RETALIATE
ie Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) respects the rights of every
'c. 7ernment and people to non-interference in their internal affairs, but
Sany Government interferes in Grenada's internal affairs, the PRG will
i.-taliate. continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
This warning was issued on July 19th by Deputy Prime Ninister and
Minister of Finance Bernard Coard as he addressed a rally marking
the start of "Youth Camp 81" organised by the New Jewel Movement
National Youth Organisation. Mr Coard was responding to what
Radio Free Grenada, called "recent attacks on the Grenada Revolution
by various Governments."t
"We also warn these reactionaries", Mr Coard said, "that anybody
who interferes in Grenada's business will have to feel the weight of
the Grenada revolution".
The Deputy Prime Minister said nobody can.interfere in Grenada's
affairs and expect that the PRG will not retaliate. From the
early days of the revolution, he said, the PRG said it would no
interfere with any other Government and it did not expect that any
other Government would interfere with it.
"But", he said, "the minute you interfere in our business, it is a
two way street after that. If you interfere in Grenada's
business, after that it is open season and you get what you get !"
"Youth Camp 81", billed as "the biggest youth extravanza in GrenadaS
history", lasted until August 30th. Eleven schools in St Andrews
Parish were used as camps for hundreds of young men and women, and
these camps were given such names as "Steve Biko", "Walter Rodney"
and "Ernesto C he Guevera".
It is reported that over the 6 weeks of the camp, the youths
learned various skills and participated in educational, cultural and
Outgoing President Vincent Noel of the Commercial & Industrial
Workers Union, was reelected to the post on July 30th at the Union's
Annual General Meeting.
Mr Noel, who until recently was Secretary (Junior Minister) in the
Ministry of Home Affairs, was made Secretary in the newly created
Ministry of National Mobilisation in a Cabinet reshuffle in July.
The Annual General Meeting of the Union passed a Resolution calling
on the working people of the Caribbean to support the people and
the Government of Grenada who, the Resolution says, are struggling
against the economic and propaganda campaign being waged by the
United States of America.
SMITH TO APPEAL COURT
The Peoples Revolutionary Government has appointed a Barbadian
barrister to be a Justice of the Court of Appeal.
A notice appearing in the July 17th issue of the Grenada Government
Gazette states that Fredrik Gladstons Smith, Q C, has been appointed
to be a Justice of the Court of Appeal with effect from 14th July.
Week Ending 14.11.81
F' 30 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.11.81
Mr Smith, who is better known by the affectionate name of "Sleepy",
was Barbados first Attorney General after the island attained inde-
pendence in 1966. He subsequently held the Milistry of Comn'ani-
cations & Works.
The Democratic Labour Party (DLP), of which he is a member, was de:-
feated at the General Elections in 1976 and Mr Smith became Leader of
the Opposition when Mr Errol Barrow, DLP Political Leader declined
the post. Mr Smith resigned his seat in 1978 to go into private
practice with his brother Vernon.
In the 1981 Genaral Elections in Barbados, Mr Smith campaigned un-
successfully for his brother Vernon who contested a seat on the DLP
PRG TO INTRODUCE BUS SERVICE
The Peoples kRevolutionary Government (PRG) is to introduce a national
bus service next year.
According to Minister for National Mobilisation Selwyn Strachan, EC$1
million has been secured from a special fund of the Organisation of
Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and 26 busses ordered are due to
arrive in Grenada early in January. The announcement relative to
this announcement did not indicate the seating capacity of the busses.
There is now no scheduled bus service in Grenada, several bus owners
operating services throughout the island on the erratic basis of
"move when -ull". Two types of busses are used, the 16-seater
_.tal bodied mini-bus and the 35-seater (approximately) wooden bodied
bus built locally on a truck chassis. Services are both short-
haul in and around towns and long-haul between towns.
)adib Free Grenada said on September 27th that the issue of a national
bus service was raised one month before at the first workers'-'Parish
Council meeting organised by the PRG. RFG said workers had spoken
of difficulties as a result of the present bus service, and the PRG's
prompt response to this need was highlighted as "another example of
'~he new democracy being built in Grenada through the Parish Council
meetings whereby the people are truly at the centre of the decision
..A:king process since the revolution."
The Peoples Revolutionary Government has allocated EC$60 thousand of
the.1981 Budget to assist needy students at the primary, secondary
and junior secondary levels to purchase books and school uniforms.
This programme, which was announced early in August, is to be admin-
istered through the Women's Desk in the Ministry of Education and,
according to a Government announcement, applications for assistance:
must be made through the Parish offices of the New Jewel Movement,
The sum allocated represents an increase of over 200% mqte that the,,
allocation for this purpose in 1980, and the Government announcement
quoted a source at the Women's Desk as saying that this is one more
positive indication of the Peoples Revolutionary Government's commit,
ment to improve conditions of the people of Grenada.
toL ';-k .
14th November 1981