The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text

Volume.9 Number 2
For The Week Ending 30th May 1981
9th Year of Publication - 253rd Issue


Pri~_rMinister Maurice Bishop told a crowd assembled on Sunday
:rd May to celebrate Afric Liberation Day that his govern
rnenr had uncovered a plott' by the Commonwealth Development Corp-"
erati:cn Esso Standard Oil Company and Barclays Bank Internation-
al against the Peoples Revolutionary Government.(PRG).

I"t was A v';/ry Wimnle and basic plot", he said, and it had 3
Or 4 sides to it".

One of the "sides", he said, was to allow the:generation equip-
ment of Grenada Electricity Services (GES) a company jointly
wned by tfie Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC) and the
0dvernment of Grenada to deteriorate and not to bring in any
pares. Another wasto -fail to collect bills from customers so
there would be no cash to pay for fuel supplied by Esso.

In an obvious reference to Barbados and his disagreement with
Prime Minister Tob Adams, Mr. Bishop said the PRG had discovered'
that this 'plot d'iriiedin'a i'an island "not far from" Grena-
da, slandthat Has been involved in other aspects against
is lan, d i *' t as
ocher rpees against
our revolution", and where a lumber of regional companies have
their headquarters.
S& b'"c~mtinued-

Proded & Frits. 4 by Aliat s & CytJi a u.a...

, W. *m.J"1.' 4*^ _______________ __ _-_

Page 2 THE GRENADA ndi 30M,.81

And it was not just CDC in629voedW. he said, "out an oil co-

pany and a bank. :

1:E-Bishop *aid that oi May~ sta eries of"'coincidences,
took place in which thl. J'pio mnatur4d" And it was possible to

see its full significance.,
' .. Coincidence
The first coincidence, the .Eime Minister said, was that the

GIES Board.of Directorfs aedied 15 h'itTd'one of thtfX"t infrequent -
meetings on that day, wlch ,ws tpe very,. ay Esso wrote them de-'

mandina outstanding payment for fuel and threatening to cut off

thd f~cit supply immediately if payment.wao not made that day.
A: i
The outstanding bill, Mr. Bishop said, wqs ovey one million East

Caribbean dollarsr. and fuel stocks then would not last out the
, .' . : .. i, > : ." -- i : ; :' .* ...... ""
day .

Esso0s letter said also that, failing immediate payment, further

supplies of fuel would be on a payment before delivery basis,

but this basis could not be put into effect until the account

had been -paid An full' :';-

Mr. Bishop called this an example of "economic blackmail",econo-

nic piracy, economic sabotage, economic aggression", and "clear

evidence of the total conspiracy and collision between Esso and.

money from Barclays, the Compny bankers, and asked Government s

assistance to get a loan from the government one MNational

Commercial Bank.

Thistequest was refused and MN. Taylor was told, Mr. Bishop
said, that the PRG had watched the unfolding of the plot and was

not surprised thatS another paor-- of Cthc plot-war-being ta1lement

_-d -4ith fuel supplies running. put, w Esob "no ,4Wxding immedi 4

-ate paoldet before'fresh' Supplies were provided and with Bar-
money from Barclays, the CompCny's bankers --- asked* vo rnmnt

clayss refusing to provide financing.

continued -

Week Endjin 30.5.81

"We are not surprised about any of this because we knew of a plan
coming up", Mr. Bishop said he told Mr. Taylor, 'but we have the

responsibility of running this country and, because we recognize

that it is a national crisis you are trying to create, and be-

cause the laws of Grenada provide for people who conspire to try

to sabotage electricity, if any of you try to get involved in

this "sagadan** you are working out, then Richmond Hill'(prison)

will have to do the talking."
The Prime Minister told his listeners that his "struggle" with

Esso and Barclays would continue on the next day and these organ-

izations would "have to remember that, if in a time of crisis

like this they don't want to put their best foot forward, then,

afterwards, they might not have any foot at all to put forward".

Meanwhile, the PRG has passed the Grenada'Electricity Services

(Share Transfer) law which, without payment of further compen-

sation", transfers-32,000 CDC shares in GES to the PRG thus mak-

ing the PRG the majority shareholder in GES.

Informed sources say that on May 24th and 25th there were dis-

cussions by the PRG with Barclays and Esso and it is likely that

Barclays will supply the financing to pay the debt to Esso and

Esso will give GES credit on a month to month basis. No an-

houhcements have yet been made.

* Trickery


The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has passed a law

giving itself majority control of Grenada Electricity Services

(GES) and has appointed a manager to:run the company.

Radio Free Grenada announced on May 25th that Prime Minister

Maurice Bishop had addressed workers at the Power Station and

had accused the Commonwealth Development Corporatipm (CDC), the

majority shareholder before passage of the Law, of negligence

and recklessnelS.

- continued -


FPage 3

"If every week you want to make the.taxpayers of this country,

the consumers of electricity, keep paying for your negligence

and recklessness and irresponsibility", he said, and if you

are getting money for management but you don't want to manage,

and if you feel that it is only CDC you are concerned about and

not the local company, then, we will take over the right to man-

age for you and we will start to run this company to make sure

that, in the future, the possibilities of this kind of sabotage

and blackmail are greatly reduced".

GES has been a joint venture of CDC and the Government of Grena-

da since 1960 with CDC holding 192,000 shares representing 59.3%

of the subscribed capital. The law passed on May 24th, trans-

fers to the PRG 32,000 of these shares "without payment of any

further compensation", thus giving the PRG majority control with

just over 50% of the share capital.
The preamble to the Law ( Number 13/1981) explains that EC$487,

000 are owed by GES for fuel supplied by Esso Standard Oil S.A.

Ltd., and that company has threatened to cut off the fuel sup-

ply if this amount is not paid. The Law says that GES cannot

pay and that CDC "has refused to provide any financing" to pay

this debt and that the Chairman of GES (CDC's Mr. John Taylor)

has abandoned his responsibilities by leaving Grenada when nego-

tiations for financing this debt are at a "delicate stage".

The situation constitutes a grave and immediate threat to the

community, the preamble says, and, in the light of CDC's re-

fusal to assist GES, the PRG has been approached by GES "to re-

solve its immediate indebtedness and to provide other funds to

enable it to repair and recondition its machinery and maintain

its services to the community".

Government has resolved, the law says, "that the assumption of

such financial responsibility should be accompanied by a trans-

fer of shares in GES consistent with the change in levels of


- continued -

Relations between the .RG and ~CP have deteriorated since last
August when, GS, applied fo. an increVae ~- he -Government 0on-

trolled rates for the :sale of electricity. The increase was

necessary, the CDC managed GEC said, to-raise smpey to carry out

essential maintenance.

The increase was not.granted- and the PRG appointed a Comnission

to inquire intoroGCS. That Commission reported early this year

and its recommendations include the paying off of the "consider-

able debt"' owed by the Cnntral'.Water Commissi6n'-and the balance

owed by the Central Government for electricity consumed.
It also suggested "the negotiated transfer by CDC of a block of

shares to the Government acting on behalf of the consumers". The

Commission suggested that the transfer of shares should amount

to not less than 15 percent of the total shareholding and this,

it thought, would work towards a localisation of control of GES.

If this cannot be accomplished, the Cbmilission said, then the PRG

should seek to acquire *CDC s- i~htrest at evaluation which

should take into account the present unsatisfactory state of the

company's generating plant".

It is reported that the generating plant is in very 'poor condi-

t.ion and that this is what accounts f6r the frequent and lengthy
power cuts now being experienced.

It has been announced that the PRG has appointed 'er. Winston Bull-

en to manage GES.


Delivering the commencement address on May 24th to the graduating

"Charter Class" of the St. Georges Universit;y 'School of Medicine,

Sir Gordon Wolstenholae, Chairman of the.Schoolls Boatd of Acade-

mic Trustees, said the graduates had been called upon to display

a high degree 6f ou rage inithe face of opposition.


Week Ending.30.5.81 THE WSA VLSERR

THE caOpflA amaiS

"They were not lacking, those people SB the Medical Establish-
ment, some in America and some in the Westindies and elsewhere",

he said, "who, to say the least, saw this school as an unwanted


Sir Gordon, 68, who is a member of the Executive of the United

Kingdom General Medical Council, said there had been derisive and

and unpleasant remarks about off-shore medical Schools, "diplo-

ma mills" and poor standards, and there were also those who said

the world had more than enough..medical schools and students.

In the face of this, he said, the school is turning out "quality

doctors" and he is convinced that the world has great need of

"You showed by your early examination successes", Sir Gordon

told the graduates, "that you are prepared to challenge the old

and recognized schools of medicine, you faced them with a chal-

lenge. I think some of them will find it difficult to meet

your challenge and all of them will do well to see whether they

ought not to stand up to the challenge you presented here".

The St. George's University School of Medicine was established

by an Act of the Grenada Parliament in July of 1976 and the first

classes began in January 1977 with an enrollment'of 197 students

drawn from 24 countries. The 82 students taking part in the

May 24th graduation exercise ( Plus 14 others who have already

taken up residency appointments in the United States) represent

the successful members of this initial class.

Ninety-five percent of the graduating class have passed the ex-

amination of the Education 'Commission for Foreign Medical Grad-

uates (ECFMG), the national qualifying' :est for residency ap-

pointments in thhe U.S., and most of the graduates have already

secured a.sudh appointments.

The School now has an enrollment of 1250, 650 of which are on.

the Grenada campus. A further 150 are on the School's campus

in neighboring St. Vincent and another 450 are attached to
continued -

Week Ending:30,. $ 81 TH.E GsEDA. NEWSLZETER Page 7

hospitals in the.United Kingdom and United States.

Sir Gordon said the school had become "excitingly international".

He feels it has a chance to bring into the international delivery
of health care to the/World, a new body of people who have alrea-

dy worked with people from other countries, and he referred to

the "Pathfinder" planes which dropped flares during World War II

to illuminate targets for. the bombers.

"These brave Pathfinders were, of course, on missions of death

and destruction" he said, I would like to see the Charter Class

as Pathfinders, not in death and destruction, but in life and

compassion and health".

Attending the ceremony were Sir Paul Scoon, Governor General of

Grenada and Lady Scoon, Bishop Sydney Charles, Roman Catholic

Bishop of Grenada and Mr. Norris Bain, Minister of Health in the

Peoples Revolutionary Government. Bishop Charles delivered both

the Ivocation and Benediction.

M o, i c .uS i :O N


Dr. ( of Law) Charles Modica, 34, Chancellor of the,St. George's

University School of Medicine, was presented on May 24th with the

Medallion of Merit, the highest award which can be presented by

the city of Miami Beach, U.S.A.

The presentation was made by Mr. Alexander Daoud, Vice-Mayor of

the city of Miami Beach, at the graduation ceremony of the "Char-

ter Class" of the Medical School, and Mr. Daoud referred to Dr.

Modica's "unceasing efforts that enabled all of us to turn our

dreams of yesterday into the joys of the reality of today".

Presenting the medallion, Mr. Daoud said it was inscribed, "To

Dr. Charles Modica, the Dreammaker, for Excellence in Medical


Page. 8 T5 GRENASi NESLE TER We. Bnding 30.5.81


Minister of Education in the Peoples RevolUtionary Government

(PRG) Mr. George Louison, expressed the opinion on May 19th that

the development work being done by Christian Action fqr Develop-

ment in the Caribbean (CADEC) is just as necessary today as when

the work was first undertaken some years ago._

"The social and economic situation' which, f -ar sure, was the main

reason for tickling the conscience of the Church to establish an

agency of that kind, still remains among us as much as it did

towards the end of the 1960s when CADEC first started its work",

he said.

Mr. Louson made thesecomments as he delivered the featuread-
dress at the opening ceremony of the third biennial meeting of

CADEC's local development fund committee. The meeting had as

its theme, "Towards More Effective Manag .and Mechanisms To En-

able the Development Process", and was attended by delegates

from several Caribbean community countries.
jUdeeMpploymen t
Mr. Louison said Westindians still have to contend with poor

housing, hunger, unemployment and aii the other social and eco-

nomic evils which held the majority of the people of this region

in a state of underdevelopment which produced a poor quality of

life for the people throughout the region.

"While in some cases and in some areas we have made slight pro-

gress", he said, it is true to say that there has been no real

dramatic change in the conditions of life of the people of our


CADBC:'s local .development committees. are the result 6if efforts

by CADEC to localisee" the decision-making in approving funds

for development projects. At the centre of the funding process

is the main Development Iund Committee (DFC) headed by Anglican

Bishop of Barbados Drexel Gomez and, throughout the region, some

22 local Development Fund Committees approve and supervise pro-

jects in the various countries.
continued -

WeeVVUEndJiriJ30.SAtaa B

During 1979,- the DFC eeived funding grants' of jrst !short on~.

Aiilliont S dollakri, the Aain donor being itne it'I -American Found

-ation. Funding fell to about three quarter "of a miliidn in

1980 and, according to a CADEC source, is expected to be about,

that level in 1981.

The meeting, 'which wa hi e ld- at th Silver Sands Hotel, ran until

Friday 22nd.


Dr. David Mitchell, Regional Coordinator for the Education Pro-

gramme of the Caribbean Conference of Churches (CCC), said on May
19th that the people of the small Grenadine islands which lie be-

tween Grenada and St. Vincent are short of fish to eat because

"the great hotel and food chains of Europe, based in Martinique,
sweep the who9le, ish product, from .he Grenadines".; ,

Dr'. Mitchell made this comment as he addressed the opening sess-

ion of the Third Biennial Meeting of Local Development Committees

of Christian Action for Development in the Caribbean (CADEC),

"Grenadine people can't eat fish any more", he said. "tIt is too

expensive. It is sent to Martinique and the price paid does not

necessarily go into the pockets of Grenadine fishermen. It goes

into the pockets of these people who now have to pay for their

expensive yachts, boats, cold storage, planes, hotel points and

collection points. The profit of the thing goes overseas, not

with -" -

Dr. Mitchell was setting out some of the difficulties of develop

-ment and these difficulties included what he called the para-

meters produced by external forces.- ,HeI said there is need to

recognize that t4q"'cold war", ~ as produced World tensionss and the

big powers are "looking for chinks in each other's armour",
"i'. 5 CaI'b ;e .. .

"Bot We hinth&'Caribbean.have our own agenda he said, "and we

don't need to serve other people, s adendas without considering

whether th6s' agendas are our agendas, whether they will get us
continued -


PaLj 4Qr

Page 10 THE G&NiADA EWS We ek Edig 30.5.81

anywhere ,at all if we jump on, bandwagons, and,be littlel ,.stars ,.

twinkling in the distance behind the g9eat force that are iarsh-

ing around the world'". .

Dr. Mitchell said Westindians live by many points of reference

and pretend to live in one world and say and do the right things

for that world-while keeping a mental reservation that -they live

in other worlds.
Guya and Girls
"So, when we join the guys and girls :in the other world", he

said, "right down at the base or somewhere else, we act like them.

So, when we are in Rome, we do as the Romans do, when we are in

New York, we do as the New Yorkers do, when we are in Rotterdam

or London, we do as the Dutch or British do, and when we are put

in the bush in the Caribbean, we do as the bush people do and

we feel at home".

Dr. Mitchell said this .might %e'-thought to ib hypocritical but it

has been called "living by many references", and he believed West

-indians needed to have a "decisive point of reference" so that,

while one changed "colour" against the background of the moment,

one would know the "aim and goal towards which our community is

moving" .- *

Dr. Mitchell suggested to the meeting that the Local Development

Committees ( who are responsible for approving funds for develop-

ment projects) have programmes beyond the immediate technical as-

pects of their work.

"There is a social context that people are not aware of", h6'said,

"and I fail to see how we can have efficient management unless

we make this a part of our management study and activity".


Any viabiT discussion of the problems of the Eastern Caribbean

for the next decade has to start,from the simple recognition of

the obsolescence of sovereignty.

... 'lltl.nued .
4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Week Ending 30.5.81 THBEGRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11

Addressing a seminar in Barbaros on May 22nd, Dr. Gordon Lewis,
Professor of Political Science at the University of Puerto Rico,

expressed this opinion and said if that obsolescence is ignored,

the Caribbean may constitute some 25 or 30 unviablee Micro repub-

lics" by the end of this decade.

"In a world in which only the Caribbean region itself becomes the

viable unit of regional planning", he said, "we have to recognize

the obsolescence of the nation state in this last quarter of the

20th century".

The Seminar, held at the Cave Hill, Barbados, campus of the Uni-

versity of the West Indies (UWI), was sponsored by the United

States International Communication Agency of the U.S. Barbados

Embassy, and had as its theme, "The Eastern Caribbean In The 80s",
Explaining his reasoning, Professor Lewis said that, for example,

in the area of territorial defence, no single territory can ade-

quately defend itself today and a regional defence programme is

badly needed* He said the new era of "military adventurism" and

the entry of mercenaries into the Caribbean underline the urgency

of a common defence programme.

"The lesson of Dominica in the last month is a distressing lesson

that underlies that proposition", he said.

Professor Lewis feels that attempts to advocate "the development

in traditional forms of the Caribbean integration movement" are

exercises in "Utopia mongering", and he believes what is needed

in the Eastern Caribbean is "fun tional federalism". "That i4 to

say", he explained, "practical cooperation between territories

along concrete matters of concrete common concern".

Functional Federalism bypassed Ideological Pluralism, he said as

is shown by the recent declaration of Grenada's Peoples Revolu-

tionary Government that it will participate in the proposed or-

ganization of Eastern Caribbean states, but with reservation a-

bout a common foreign policy.

- continued -


Also taking part in the seminar ( to which a selected group of

journalists and other persons from the Eastern Caribbean were in-

vited) were Dr. Ransford Palmer, graduate Professor-of Economics,

Howard University, Trinidad born Dr. T6ny"Maingot, Professor of

Sociology and Anthropology, Florida State University, and Dr.

Neville Duncan, Head of Department of Government and Sociology,

UWI, Cave Hill, Barbados.

The seminar was opened by Sir Sidney Martin, Principal of the

Cave Hill campus, and the participants were welcomed by Mr. Vir-

gil P. Randolph III, Charge d'Affaires of the U.S. Barbados Em-

bassy. The speakers were introduced by Mr. Ashley Wills, First

Secretary at the U.S. Embassy


Trinidad born Dr. Tony Maingot, Professor of Sociology and An-

thropology at Florida State University, has expressed concern

over developing United States policy towards the Caribbean. "The

future of this area will depend to a very substantial extent on

United States policy", he said, and,I am very worried".

Professor Maingot, addressing a one-day seminar sponsored by the

United States Embassy in Barbados on May 22nd, said U.S. policy

under President Jimmy Carter had been shaped by men with an un-

derstanding of the sovereignty of Caribbean countries, who took

the region seriously and treated it as a non-military area.

"These three areas of the Carter policy, plus the acceptance of

the human rights principle, were crucial", he said, "and what I

am seeing occurring ( it is not yet formulated, the people are

not in place yet), is a matter of worry because there is an ex-

traordinary danger that somebody outside there will confuse

modern conservatism with reactionary status quo orientation".
Professor Maingot said that by "modern conservatism" he did not

mean "traditionalism" or that Caribbean societies are not cap-

able of tremendous outbursts, including outbursts of violence".
continued -

Week gdgng 30.5.1l

Page 12

Week Ending 30.5.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13

" In fact", he said, one of the characteristics that I would at-

tribute to the concept of modern conservatism is that violence is

always possible there, not out of class conflict like so many of

the theories point out, but rather out of a sense of righteous in-


Under conditions of modern conservatism, violence can come from

any sector of the society, Professor Maingot said,.from the mid-

dle classes or from the working classes, and the very concept of

"righteous indignation" is a part of the structurally conserve,

tive nature of the society.

He said the models from which he developed his idea of "modern

conservatism" are Mexico during the Mexican Revolution, Iran and

fundamentally, the "dramatic impact" a years residence in Japan

had on him in 1978 when he saw "what was structurally a conserva-

tive society creating the modern state".


Graduate Professors of Economics at Howard University, Dr. Rans.

-ford Palmer, told a one day seminar in Barbados on May 22nd that

there is no "economic event"-on the horizon which (like the 1973

sharp increases in the price of oil which benefited Trinidad and

Tobago) would provide a "breathing space" for the Eastern Carib-


"No similar sustained price increases in bananas and sugar are

likely", he said, in fact, outside of certain strategic miner-

als and grain, the market prospects for traditional Caribbean ex-

port commodities are uncertain".

Professor Palmer said the preferential feature of the laissez

faire Caribbean Community (CARICOM) integration model was hailed

by many as providing such a "breathing space" for the Eastern

Caribbean. The model viewed the Eastern Caribbean as an embryo

within the larger Caribbean, he said, that embryo to be nurtured

by capital resources and preferential fiscal incentives and,
continued -


after a period of gestation the eastern Caribbean would be eco-

nomically strong to compete openly with the more developed

CARICOM countries.

Unfortunately, the embryo has been attacked by the twin dis-

eases of world inflation and domestic natural disasters, events

which the framers of CARICCM had no way of anticipating", he

said, and, as a consequence, gestation has been delayed".

New central decision making and resource allocating institutions

in the eastern Caribbean need to be structured to make existing

CARICOM preferential arrangements more effective, Professor Palm

-er said.
Not Compatible
On data available for 1968 (SIC), he claimed the traditional pat-

tern of commercial bank lending in the less developed countries

overwhelmingly favours export agriculture and neglects manufact-

uring and other sectors. Such a pattern of lending is not com-

patible with a strategy for development, he said, and he advo-

cated replacement of the eastern Caribbean Authority with a full-

fledged bank.

"It would at once acquire greater control over the behaviour of

the commercial banks which now determine the pattern of the flow

of funds into the economiC activity of the region", he said.

In addition, he said, the projects to .receive priority funding

must be clearly identified, and there should be set up the

Eastern Caribbean Development Agency" which will identify region-

al development priorities and signal these priorities to the cen-

tral bank. The Agency would also signal to the fiscal authori-

ties the structure of incentives required to augment the flow of

funds into the development areas.

"Thus", he said, "The trio of the Central Bank, The Eastern Carib-

bean Development Agency and the Fiscal Authorities would exercise

discretionary power over allocation of resources within'a context

that allows the market mechanism for capital development to de-

^ e's
/.a~gA,. _--&p~j^.

PaWe 14

Week BEnding 30.5.81



The major justification for existence of small states in the in-

ternational system is that they are able to create and develop

an alternate life style to that which characterises the advanced

societies of the world.

This proposal was put forward at a U.S. sponsored seminar in Bar-

bados on May 22nd by Dr. Neville Duncan, Head of Department of

Government and Sociology of the University of the West Indies Cave

Hill Campus, Dr. Duncan said the object of the alternate life

style is to provide opportunity for creating a richer, warmer,

fuller, happier and healthier life.

"The Easter Caribbean State is a 20th century fact", he said,

"and on that basis they are able to make use of the technological

advances which characterise this century, and to use these advan-

ces in new ways from those in which they have been used in the

advanced societies of the world".

Dr. Duncan outlined problems and considerations which the small

states of the Eastern Caribbean must face. These include mini-

mising dependence on the outside world and the fact that the

"state apparatus has come to reflect rather than to subdue class

To solve these difficulties, Dr. Duncan advocated emphasis on the

Socialist ideology. Only a fully fledged socialist revolution

can resolve the difficulties alluded so far in this paper", he

said, "but, in life, one oftentimes had to make do with what one

is stuck with until good fortune strikes or new circumstances


He feels that what is needed now are practical suggestions which

can "incrementally expand democracy and liberate the human spirit

now encased in oppression and ignorance". In this connection,he

thinks, some remedies can be employed in the political and econo-

mic fields.

- continued -

Week Ending 30.5.81

Page 15

Page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.5.81

One answer, he said, is to allow the masses to help to resolve

some of the problems in the intervals between periodic elections

and to have a system of recall of elected representatives. He

proposed also that mass organizations and special interest groups

should have constitutionally guaranteed rights to propose legis-


In the economic field, he said, the problems are both internat-

ional and national, and, internationally, there is need for the

small state to revise contracts entered into with transnational

corporations under conditions of inequality in the colonial and

post-colonial period.
"Domestically, the problem turns on the need for agrarian reform,

urban reform, reform of the commercial and financial systems,

redistribution of wealth and means of production", he said, "as

well as the democratisation of economic decision-making power

and for the promotion of self management and self reliance".

These objectives would require a revolution, Dr. Duncan said,

and for the 1980s the proposals are more modest. These propo-

sals, he said, focus on the eradication of poverty and emphasis

on preventive medicine. He said also there should be an assault

on the "socio-economic mechanisms which ensure that the lion's

share goes, at the moment, to the rich and powerful".

Dr. Duncan put forward other proposals including the provision

of large community television screens and the banning of import-

ation of private TV sets.

"The tangled web of island life has become to privatized", he

said. "Elimination of waste areas through socialising the act-

ivities, that is, making them available while rigidly discour-

aging private accumulation in these areas, offers the hope of

a meaningful alternative life style to that of the advanced





Addressing an African Liberation Day Rally on May 23rd Prime Min-

ister Maurice Bishbp said it is the "military-industrial complex"

which rules countries like the United States and Britain.

"That is why", he said, that Mrs. Thatcher, the British Prime

Minister, for example, can be married to man who is a director of

one of the companies that operates in South Africa, riding on the

backs of the African masses and making profit off the blood of

black people in Africa".

For this reason, Mr. Bishop said, Mrs. Thatcher can think of pass

-ing a race relations law like this", because black people do

not matter and black people's function is to be "hewers of wood

and drawers of water". Black people are not supposed to have

any rights, he said, and they are not supposed to rise up.

"The.poor and the oppressed of the world, generally", Mr. Bishop

said, "those people who are fighting for their liberation, those

people who are not willing to roll over and be stepped upon, they

have no rights and for them is the roller, the big stick. That is

the way they operate and we are not supposed to fight back"

Mr. Bishop said that, in Britain and the United States, it is a

case of "rule by the rich for the rich" and what happens to the

poor does not matter.


Members of the Grenada Public Workers Union (PWU) formerly the

Grenada Civil Service Association at their Annual General

Meeting on May 28th, learned that agreement has been reached with

the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) on the question of

wages covered by a new industrial agreement.

Together with two other unions representing Government employees,

PWU has been in dispute with the PRG since last December on the

question of wages. The other unions are the Grenada Union of

continued -

Week Ending 30.5.81

rage 17

Pae 18 THE GkENAA NESLB Week Ending 3W.(.5.81

Teachers and the Technical and Allied Wbrkers ,Union.

Initially, the Unionst demand Was for a 9% "weighted average" in-

crease in salaries over 2 years while the PRGtS first offer was

for a 5% increase in 1981 and a 7i% increase in 1983. Several

compromise offers were made by both sides without acceptance and,

when a final deadlock was reached1 the Unions called a "sick-out"

on March 3rd.
Oh March 6th, several members of the Unions received warning let-

ters from the PRG, 10 PWU members were suspended on half payone

Was dismissed and one, Mr. Robert Robinson, President of PWU,was

transferred from his post of Labour Commissioner to that of a

Road Supervisor in a remote parish. The Unions then wrote the

PRG offering to resume negotiations if the letters were with-

drawn and, on March 9th, having a reply that the offer was being

considered by Cabinet, the sick-out was called off that diy.

Negotiations were resumed and final agreement was reached on 4ay


Under that agreement, the PRG will withdraw the letters of warn-

ing, suspension and transfer, and Government employees will re-

ceive an average increase of 17.3% in 1981. In 1982, the in-

crease will be 10% and in 1983, 12.%.

The one letter of dismissal issued by the PRG has not been with-

drawn. The recipient, a Government pensioner who had been re-

employed on a month to month basis, said he did not want to re-

turn to his job.


Mr. Septimus Forsythe, President of the Grenada Trade Union

Council, has been elected President of the Grenada Public Work-

ers Union (PWU) formerly the Grenada Civil Service Associa-

tion. Election took place at the Annual General Meeting of the

Union on May 28th and Mr. Forsythe, who is the outgoing first

Vice-President of PWU, was elected unopposed.
continued -

Week Inding 3'. j 81- THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 1i

Outgoing PWU President, Mr. Robert Robinson, declined nomination

to >any post on the Executive. Mr. Robinson who led the team

which recently negotiated a new'wages agreement with Government,

was, following' a -"sick out" by Government employees in support of

their claim, transferred by the Peoples Revolutionary Government

(PRG) from his post of Labour Commissioner to that'of a Road

Supervisor in a remote parish.

At the'time of the "sick out", in addition to letters of suspen-

sion on half pay sent to several members of PWU, the PRG sent

letters to several PWU members warning of-the consequences of ab-

senteeism, and the new PWU President, Mr. Forsythe, received one

of these.

The terms of the agreement, reached 'on May 22nd, include the with-

drawal of the warning letters, the letters of suspension and the

letter of transfer to Mr. Robinson.

Messxs. Forsythe and Robinson leave today (30th) for an Interna-

tional Labour Organization (ILO) Conference in Geneva.


A Media' Workers Assoclation has been fotLed in Grenada and its"

first meeting and election of officers took place on May i2th at

the Ministry of Information.

President of theAssociation is Mr. Ray Donald of the Government

Information Service (GIS). and first Vice-President is Mr. Don

Rojas, editor of the Government owned "Free West -Indian" (PWI)

newspaper. Other members of the Executive have been drawn from

Radio Free Grenada, GIS and PWI.

According."to GIS, the broad aims of the Association aresto assist

media workers in the country to properly perform their duties,and

to increase the participation of the workers in'building the Gre-

nada revolution. .

The date of the'official launching of the Association is to be




Miss Rose Hall, leader of the Roman Catholic charismatic group iu

Grenada, returned to the island on May 18th and told NEWSLETTER

that, whileshe is flattered by the concern Grenadians have shown

over the report that she had been shot at the time of the attempt-
ed assassination of Pope John- Paul II, she is pleased to say that

she is unhurt and well.

"I left Rome on the day before the.attempt oh the Pope's life",

she said, "and on the day of the attempt I was at the Shrine of

Fatima which is about 100 miles from Lisbon in Portugal".

Miss Hall said she heard of the attempted assassination while she

was at Fatima, but it was not until she got to London that she saw

in the newspapers that: a 2, year oAd girl from Jamaica, whose name

also is. Rose Hall, Jad been shot.

"I never dreamed that this news was causing concern in Grenada",

she said,. or I, certainlywould have got in touch. with home to

reassure everybody".


Prime, Minister Maurice Bishop said on, March 13th that, in. future,

Grenadians will have to work "a thousandtimes" harder.

"The truth of the matter is", he said, "things are going to get

more difficult, and we, are going to find that the present danger-

ous period that we are li ing in is going to act as a hindrance

and obstacle frying to hold back our possibilities for peaceful

ard progressive development".

Some people have begun to develop dangerous new ideas which will

do harm to the peace of the world, Mr. Bishop said. .These peo-

ple are talking:about "international terrorism", he said, and he

felt that, in putting forward this.idea, "what they are doing is

that they are removing the Human Rights doctrine".

- continued -

Week Ending 30.5.81

Week Ending S0.5. SBl

"They are conveniently finding a way of no longer having to at-

tack South Africa, Chile or South Korea", he said.

Mri Bishop/the concept of "international terrorism" lumps togeth-

er-the Socialist world countries, the non aligned world countries,

the National- Liberation movements, and the progressive countries

in te- Third World in an effort to attack as international terror

-ists teA freedom fighters against apartheid in Namibia or South


In that way, he said, the Governments which put forward the con-

.cept o "international terrorism psychologically prepare their

people f !C'action to be taken against these freedom fighter,.

Mr. Bishop said there is no reason for the Peoples Revolutionary

Government (PRG) to want hostile relations with the United

States. There are more Grenadians living in the U.S.A. than in

Grenada., he said, and .annual visits s'of Ameri'can tourists-out-

number the population of the island.

In terms of trade and economic cooperation", he said, "we must

prefer to have good relations and we must prefer to be able to

live in conditions of complete security and .i feelings of no

tension and no instability".
Message .
The Prime Minister said, however, that it must be understood

clearly that, on no account or in any circumstances will anyone

dictate to the PRG that it must trade its principles and change

its objectives and no longer try to build Grenada free from .out-

side pressure and domination.

Mr. Bishop said he has a message to those in Grenada and those

abroad who doubt.the, motives of the PRG and suspect that the PRG

harbours plans against them.

"We do not want any quarrel with any country in the region", he

said. "We do not want any quarrel with a bigger country that

has developed their own system once we are allowed to develop our

continued -


Page 21-


own process. We do not have any plans or intentions of interfer-

ing in other peoples' countries and affairs but, equally, we de-

mand from them that they do not interfere in our internal affairs".

Mr. Bishop said all that Grenadians want is the right to live in

peace, to develop their resources, to build their economy to have

a productive life, to develop relations w th those with whom they

want, and to be free of tension, fear, instability, of mercenary

aggression and terrorist activity.


The British Government does not have good relations with the Peo-

ples Revolutionary Government (PRG). The British have recently

made statements attacking the PRG and a Minister of the, British

Government has said recently that the PRG will not get British


At a Press Conference on March 14th, Prime Minister Maurice Bish-

op made this statement in reply to a question concerning the re-

lationship between his Government and the Government of Mrs. Mar-

garet Thatcher.

Mr. Bishop said Grenada has not received aid from Britain for the

last two years and anything that had come to the PRG from that

source had been "just some little drops that were left from the

previous agreement with ( deposed Prime Minister Eric) Gairy".

He said this is not surprising considering the attitude of the

British Government inside its own country.

"It is not just a conservative ruling party", he said. It is

a racist party".

The Prime Minister said the approach of:the British Government to

Northern Ireland indicates how far that Government will go on re-

pression, and the approach to retrenchment, job closures and the

cutting back of social services in dealing with the economy shows

a "ruthlessness" and "lack of humanitarism" which clearly indi-

cates the nature of the Government. c
continued -

-UEEK, ENDING 3035.81


Week'Ending 30.5.81 THE GRENADA NEw'SL ER Page 23

SN Shock
"If they are willing to do. their own people that",' he said,. "well,

who is little Grenada? Frankly, it is no shock to us at illt

Mr. Bishop said recent racial attacks on blacks and other minor-

ities in England is "part and parcel" of the outlook, attitude,

policy and programme of the present British Government. 1If the

"objective material basis" inside the country is leading to go

much oppression and unemployment, he said, then the; British citi-

zens will be looking more and more for scapegoats, and will be

more and more resentful of minorities who have jobs and who are

sharing in the social services.. He thought this will leadito

more racial attacks and to Westindians being put under more pres-


The Prime Minister said Britain has moved to re-develop relations

with Chile and Uruguay and he felt that the British Government saw

no conflict in this or any problem in developing good relations

with South Africa and ensuring that every possible way is found of

avoiding the boycotts.

"Then they will come out here and talk about Human Rights", he

said. "That tells you what kind of Human Rights they are talking

about but, having regard to the character of the British Govern-

ment, we are not surprised and I expect that, until the Conserva-

tive Party is removed which seems to be not too far away -

relations with the British Government are not likely to be very



The vaSt majority of the people of El Salvador are dissatisfied

with the Military Junta in El Salvador.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop expressed this opinion at a Press

Conference here on March 14th and said that sections of the

media have falsely portrayed the conflict in that country as being

between a minority of the left and a minority of the right.
continued -

Page 24 THE GRpNiAD NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.5,81

"The reality is that the vast majority of the people of El Salva-
dor are unhappy with the Junta", he said, and do want a change,

and the only answer must be centered around allowing the people

of El Salvador the right to det.ermine,for themselves how they

want to see their country ruen.

Mr. Bishop said he understood the position of some of the people

in the United States Government to be based on the decision that

the Junta is in command, the Junta must stay in command and the

United States will give the Junta all the necessary military as-

sistance. He said the last figure quoted in United States mili-

tary equipment to the Junta was US$45 million.

"I see that as being a very dangerous development", Mr. Bishop

said. It won't help to bring about a political solution, it

will achieve greater polarization, it will make the war in El

Salvador last longer, and I have no doubt that it will not have

the effect of stopping the eventual victory of the people of El

Salvador because that must come".


At a Press Conference in Grenada on March 14th Prime Minister

Maurice Bishop gave his definition of "non aligned"

"When we say we are non aligned", he said, we are not at all

saying that we see our country as having no right to an opinion.

That non aligned means neutrality".

'Mr. Bishop said that "non aligned" for the Peoples Revolutionary

Government (PRG) is a positive concept expressing a belief in cer-

tain principles. For the PRG, he said, non alignment means anti-

imperialist, anti-colonialist, anti-neo-colonialist, anti-racist

and anti-Facist.

It also means, he.said, that the PRG believes in a new economic

,order and in the right of countries to develop themselves and

their own resources free from outside interference, aggression and

Continued -

Week Ending 30.5.81 THE Gt*ADA IWLETTR Page 25

El Salvador
Mr. Bishops definition came in the course of a reply to a quest-

ion as to why, as a non aligned country, Grenada'sI vote in for-

eign policy matters nevek differed from that of Cuba and Russia.

In reply, he said he did not have the voting record of Cuba and

Russia and so was unable to accept the suggestion that Grenada's

vote never differed from those of .those two countries. But, he

said, Grenada's foreign policy is based on the principles of non

alignment outlined by him and he did not have to be "looking

around the shoulder" to see how other people were voting.

"I can tell you here", he said, "that on any such funda-

mental question as El Salvador, where the question is put in

those terms and a vote has to be cast, if I had to look around my

shoulder to see who was voting with me, the country I would be

looking at is the United States".


Prime Minister MauriceBishop said here at aePess Conference on

March 14th that some people are advancing a reason for the econo-

mic- problems of the United'States, which reason is the direct

opposite of the truth.

" I have seen recent editorials in papers in the United States

whereit is being alleged that:,, because of El Salvador, Nicaragua,

Cuba and Grenada", he sa4.d, the United States; is having econo-

mic problems" .

Mr, Bishop said the situation is ironical because the opposite is

true. What happens, he said, is that when the United States has

economic problems, it is then that small countries with dependent

economies have difficulties.

"But they use this "thing so cleverly", he said, "that it is beg-

inning to Ipok like if we are responsible for the economic pro-

blems of America".

- continued -


Some people in the United States might be influenced by what they
se., read or hear in the media and will come to accept this posi-

tion, he said,, and,. ifthere is,military intervention in, the Car-

ibbean or Latin-America, it might more easily gain acceptance a-

mong sections of the American population.

A' :^ ;Ea'.*i


Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said at a Press Conference on March

14th that the Grenada Constitution, which his Government suspend-

ed after the revolution of 13th March 1979, is a "farce" and a

"sham" and does not guarantee a :lot of rights which should be en-


Further, he said, the Constitution does not give any power author-

ity to the people as they are represented in their organizations,

and he feels this is a fundamental omission.

A new constitution is to be introduced, he said, but there has not

been enough time to assess the permanence and stability of the "new

democratic organizations of the people" which are now evolving.

A further cause of delay in introducing phe new CGnstitution, he

said, has been the difficulty of obtaining the services of cpn-.

stitutional experts to act as a constitution commission. When

appointed, this commission will be expected to submit a model of

a constitution to the Government ahd that model will be subject

to full public discifssion before a Consultative Assembly of tih

people considers it and males suggestions.

T.hik Commission then goes back, bearing in mind the suggestions

that have come", Mr. Bishop said, "and writes up another draft

which comes back tb the Government, which we would' like to have

approved through some popular referendum".,

The Prime Minister did not indicate when he thought the process

of introducing 'thie new Constitution could be undertaken.

i3^ JAMMAIE-"^5

Week Ending 30.5.81

page 26:

wiak Badidspis3tf.5 THE' Sa d Ei IR Pa0. Z,


The ire 'Brig' answered a'ca -a3 p.m. nNay 28th At the Motor

Department o Jonas 'Browne and Hubbard Lt". on the' Carenage, St.

George 's.

For about twenty minutes-g black smpke billowed from the upper story

of the building before the Brigade brought the fire under control

and put it out.

Cause of the fire was the accidental igniting of the petrol system

of a car which was being welded. The car was completely burned

out but no other vehicles were damaged. The building itself .as

undamaged by the fire and the Sales Department on the lower floor

*was avwed fiom water damage:by th& concrete floor of the upper

story. .


Construction of the new transmitter station for Radio Free Grenada

(RFG) is due for completion by the end of July.

Construction of the station, which is located at Beausejour, some

five miles north of St, George's on the island's west coast, began

in January last and is expected to cost some EC$960,000.00. The

rans'itte'r' itself will cost EC$500,000, the Government Information

Service has announced.

'RFC" is now located at Morne Rouge in the Tourist development area

some five miles south of St. George's. The station has a 5 KW

short wave service and a 1 KW service in the medium wave band. The

Beausejour service is expected to be 75 KW in the medium wave band.
4, 4 '*.. .*4- 4,i : ..


The Government Information Service has announced that the paying

of the first 4,500 feet of runway at the International Airport at

Point Saline at the south end of the island is to begin in June.

continued -

WeeOj RndgE SQ 30^ n_581

The Airport, constructi-on.of whith started last year, is being con

-structed with assistance from the Cuban Government and is. expected

to take some three years to complete. It is hoped, however, that,

by the end of this year, it will be able to accommodate the planes

which now use the Pearls Airport on the eastern side of the island4


Grenada And Cuba Abolish Visas

Cuba and Grenada signed an agreement on January 19th abolishing

the use of visas by Cubans and Grenadians travelling to each

others country'.,

The agreement was signed in Havana and signing for the Cuban Gov-

ernment was Foreign Affairs Minister Isidoro Malmierca. Grenada's

Ambassador to Cuba, Mr. Richard Jacobs, signed on behalf of the

People's Revolutionary Government.

The agreement covers travel with regular, diplomatic and seamen's


IICA Fruit Marketing Course

The Inter-Ar- ican Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IICA.) of the'

Organization of American States conducted a course in Grenada in

February on the handling and marketing of fresh fruit.

The course began on February 2nd and was taken by personnel of the

Marketing and National Importing Board and of the Ministry or Agri-


This IICA activity is trie result of an agreement between the Peo

-ples Revolutionary Government and the Institute to carry out a

project study on the methods of marketing fruit in Grenada. The

aim of the study is to prepare a project for development of fruit


- continued

T .f.i.R..qA-. -fi-S .TT^ .:


Charges Laid'Anainst Detitheeds.;: :',n ,

Prime Minister. Mauricie Bishop disclosed at- a- Press' Conference that,

within recent time*, :charges have-been laid'against some detainree

and more charges are to be laid shortly. '

There has been difficulty, he said',-In getting legal personnel to

deal with this matter but he felt his Government ii now'oi-:a '~sit-.

tion to bring charges very s on' a'Ba'idt quite a 'fe more".

N.J.M. Rejects Westminister Hypocrisy".

Minister of Education Mr.George Louison yesterday told the Christian

Peace.Conference which me 'nrin Gre&hd- this 'week that, since the re-

volution.-of Match 13th "1979', the PGoples Revolutionary Government

(PRG) has been able to draw Grenadi~:p into participation in the

affairs of the state. .

"Let me hay, in respect of this point," he said, "that one of the

serious issues "that- has gone through the Caribiean and has been a

major point of discuSsion, is the development in' our country of our

genuine grass root democracy as against,the attempt byma.y .elements

to push us in the direction of what we describe as,"Westminister

hypocrisy". : i.

Mr. Loidson said*'that, under this '"hyocrisy", once every 5 years
when someonee says it' tseledtion time,. '. vast. amo'iunts of prom-

ises are made to our poor and ordinary people and ybougo into a poll

-ing booth for 5 seconds to .make an X and that is the extent of your

democratic practice for the next 3 years".

That is what the New Jewel Movement (NJM) calls the "five-seconds-

in five-years" democracy, Louison said, and, instead of that, NJM

has been trying to build the organizations of the people.

Williams Made OAS Chairperson

Grenada's Ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS),

Dessima Williams, has been elected Chairperson for 1981 to an OAS

Executive Committee. continued -
continued -

Week Endipn. 3-,,,3,A ..

Page 302 THE GRBMENaPB SLBM R. Week hdiaiz3D^.5 1 ..

According to the Grenada Information..Servicej Mr. Wfa.alltas I:. :.

willhchar cgqqmittee meet ngs which wi.a spearheads activities ...

fq organisig t.e .OS, OneraA held in St: :Lucia,

in November. .

tE.E.C. Seqds F.rtilizer., ; ,

The Peoples Revgluttonary Gove.nmqint has received ,250 tos of fer-

tilizer from the European Economic Community as aid following the

loss of soil fertility caused by the heavy rains of hurricane

"David" last year.

The fertilizer came in two s4ipmenqts pf 126 and 124 tons on Janu-*

ary 19th and 22nd and was consigned to. the;,Ministry of. Planning.:,

-4 4.- .' 'N '' 4 '. 4 '

Bishop Congratulates Reagan

The Government Information Serv ie reported in February that Prime

Minister Maurice Bishop had sent a congratulatory.message to United

States President Ronald Reagan on the.occasionof his inauguration.

'"he Government and' people bf Grehadaa wish you a very fruitful term

of offie-and hope to bb able to work with you and your administra-

tion in promoting peace, greater cooperation and development in the

region",the message says. The,,Government.and people of .Grenada

also look forward to developing cordial relations with the-*overn-

ment and people of the United St.tes.of America".
*S'y *1N4 V *Bt

ster Hughes
SMay 30th 1981

Full Text