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Volume.9 Number 2
For The Week Ending 30th May 1981
9th Year of Publication - 253rd Issue
BISHOP DISCOVERS PlDT
Pri~_rMinister Maurice Bishop told a crowd assembled on Sunday
:rd May to celebrate Afric Liberation Day that his govern
rnenr had uncovered a plott' by the Commonwealth Development Corp-"
erati:cn Esso Standard Oil Company and Barclays Bank Internation-
al against the Peoples Revolutionary Government.(PRG).
I"t was A v';/ry Wimnle and basic plot", he said, and it had 3
Or 4 sides to it".
One of the "sides", he said, was to allow the:generation equip-
ment of Grenada Electricity Services (GES) a company jointly
wned by tfie Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC) and the
0dvernment of Grenada to deteriorate and not to bring in any
pares. Another wasto -fail to collect bills from customers so
there would be no cash to pay for fuel supplied by Esso.
In an obvious reference to Barbados and his disagreement with
Prime Minister Tob Adams, Mr. Bishop said the PRG had discovered'
that this 'plot d'iriiedin'a i'an island "not far from" Grena-
da, slandthat Has been involved in other aspects against
is lan, d i *' t as
ocher rpees against
our revolution", and where a lumber of regional companies have
Proded & Frits. 4 by Aliat s & CytJi a u.a...
, W. *m.J"1.' 4*^ _______________ __ _-_
Page 2 THE GRENADA ndi 30M,.81
And it was not just CDC in629voedW. he said, "out an oil co-
pany and a bank. :
1:E-Bishop *aid that oi May~ sta eries of"'coincidences,
took place in which thl. J'pio mnatur4d" And it was possible to
see its full significance.,
' .. Coincidence
The first coincidence, the .Eime Minister said, was that the
GIES Board.of Directorfs aedied 15 h'itTd'one of thtfX"t infrequent -
meetings on that day, wlch ,ws tpe very,. ay Esso wrote them de-'
mandina outstanding payment for fuel and threatening to cut off
thd f~cit supply immediately if payment.wao not made that day.
The outstanding bill, Mr. Bishop said, wqs ovey one million East
Caribbean dollarsr. and fuel stocks then would not last out the
, .' . : .. i, > : ." -- i : ; :' .* ...... ""
Esso0s letter said also that, failing immediate payment, further
supplies of fuel would be on a payment before delivery basis,
but this basis could not be put into effect until the account
had been -paid An full' :';-
Mr. Bishop called this an example of "economic blackmail",econo-
nic piracy, economic sabotage, economic aggression", and "clear
evidence of the total conspiracy and collision between Esso and.
money from Barclays, the Compny bankers, and asked Government s
assistance to get a loan from the government one MNational
Thistequest was refused and MN. Taylor was told, Mr. Bishop
said, that the PRG had watched the unfolding of the plot and was
not surprised thatS another paor-- of Cthc plot-war-being ta1lement
_-d -4ith fuel supplies running. put, w Esob "no ,4Wxding immedi 4
-ate paoldet before'fresh' Supplies were provided and with Bar-
money from Barclays, the CompCny's bankers --- asked* vo rnmnt
clayss refusing to provide financing.
Week Endjin 30.5.81
"We are not surprised about any of this because we knew of a plan
coming up", Mr. Bishop said he told Mr. Taylor, 'but we have the
responsibility of running this country and, because we recognize
that it is a national crisis you are trying to create, and be-
cause the laws of Grenada provide for people who conspire to try
to sabotage electricity, if any of you try to get involved in
this "sagadan** you are working out, then Richmond Hill'(prison)
will have to do the talking."
The Prime Minister told his listeners that his "struggle" with
Esso and Barclays would continue on the next day and these organ-
izations would "have to remember that, if in a time of crisis
like this they don't want to put their best foot forward, then,
afterwards, they might not have any foot at all to put forward".
Meanwhile, the PRG has passed the Grenada'Electricity Services
(Share Transfer) law which, without payment of further compen-
sation", transfers-32,000 CDC shares in GES to the PRG thus mak-
ing the PRG the majority shareholder in GES.
Informed sources say that on May 24th and 25th there were dis-
cussions by the PRG with Barclays and Esso and it is likely that
Barclays will supply the financing to pay the debt to Esso and
Esso will give GES credit on a month to month basis. No an-
houhcements have yet been made.
P.R.G. ACQUIRES MAJORITY IN GES
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) has passed a law
giving itself majority control of Grenada Electricity Services
(GES) and has appointed a manager to:run the company.
Radio Free Grenada announced on May 25th that Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop had addressed workers at the Power Station and
had accused the Commonwealth Development Corporatipm (CDC), the
majority shareholder before passage of the Law, of negligence
- continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSITTR
"If every week you want to make the.taxpayers of this country,
the consumers of electricity, keep paying for your negligence
and recklessness and irresponsibility", he said, and if you
are getting money for management but you don't want to manage,
and if you feel that it is only CDC you are concerned about and
not the local company, then, we will take over the right to man-
age for you and we will start to run this company to make sure
that, in the future, the possibilities of this kind of sabotage
and blackmail are greatly reduced".
GES has been a joint venture of CDC and the Government of Grena-
da since 1960 with CDC holding 192,000 shares representing 59.3%
of the subscribed capital. The law passed on May 24th, trans-
fers to the PRG 32,000 of these shares "without payment of any
further compensation", thus giving the PRG majority control with
just over 50% of the share capital.
The preamble to the Law ( Number 13/1981) explains that EC$487,
000 are owed by GES for fuel supplied by Esso Standard Oil S.A.
Ltd., and that company has threatened to cut off the fuel sup-
ply if this amount is not paid. The Law says that GES cannot
pay and that CDC "has refused to provide any financing" to pay
this debt and that the Chairman of GES (CDC's Mr. John Taylor)
has abandoned his responsibilities by leaving Grenada when nego-
tiations for financing this debt are at a "delicate stage".
The situation constitutes a grave and immediate threat to the
community, the preamble says, and, in the light of CDC's re-
fusal to assist GES, the PRG has been approached by GES "to re-
solve its immediate indebtedness and to provide other funds to
enable it to repair and recondition its machinery and maintain
its services to the community".
Government has resolved, the law says, "that the assumption of
such financial responsibility should be accompanied by a trans-
fer of shares in GES consistent with the change in levels of
- continued -
Relations between the .RG and ~CP have deteriorated since last
August when, GS, applied fo. an increVae ~- he -Government 0on-
trolled rates for the :sale of electricity. The increase was
necessary, the CDC managed GEC said, to-raise smpey to carry out
The increase was not.granted- and the PRG appointed a Comnission
to inquire intoroGCS. That Commission reported early this year
and its recommendations include the paying off of the "consider-
able debt"' owed by the Cnntral'.Water Commissi6n'-and the balance
owed by the Central Government for electricity consumed.
It also suggested "the negotiated transfer by CDC of a block of
shares to the Government acting on behalf of the consumers". The
Commission suggested that the transfer of shares should amount
to not less than 15 percent of the total shareholding and this,
it thought, would work towards a localisation of control of GES.
If this cannot be accomplished, the Cbmilission said, then the PRG
should seek to acquire *CDC s- i~htrest at evaluation which
should take into account the present unsatisfactory state of the
company's generating plant".
It is reported that the generating plant is in very 'poor condi-
t.ion and that this is what accounts f6r the frequent and lengthy
power cuts now being experienced.
It has been announced that the PRG has appointed 'er. Winston Bull-
en to manage GES.
MEDICINE STUDENTS GRADUATE
Delivering the commencement address on May 24th to the graduating
"Charter Class" of the St. Georges Universit;y 'School of Medicine,
Sir Gordon Wolstenholae, Chairman of the.Schoolls Boatd of Acade-
mic Trustees, said the graduates had been called upon to display
a high degree 6f ou rage inithe face of opposition.
Week Ending.30.5.81 THE WSA VLSERR
THE caOpflA amaiS
"They were not lacking, those people SB the Medical Establish-
ment, some in America and some in the Westindies and elsewhere",
he said, "who, to say the least, saw this school as an unwanted
Sir Gordon, 68, who is a member of the Executive of the United
Kingdom General Medical Council, said there had been derisive and
and unpleasant remarks about off-shore medical Schools, "diplo-
ma mills" and poor standards, and there were also those who said
the world had more than enough..medical schools and students.
In the face of this, he said, the school is turning out "quality
doctors" and he is convinced that the world has great need of
"You showed by your early examination successes", Sir Gordon
told the graduates, "that you are prepared to challenge the old
and recognized schools of medicine, you faced them with a chal-
lenge. I think some of them will find it difficult to meet
your challenge and all of them will do well to see whether they
ought not to stand up to the challenge you presented here".
The St. George's University School of Medicine was established
by an Act of the Grenada Parliament in July of 1976 and the first
classes began in January 1977 with an enrollment'of 197 students
drawn from 24 countries. The 82 students taking part in the
May 24th graduation exercise ( Plus 14 others who have already
taken up residency appointments in the United States) represent
the successful members of this initial class.
Ninety-five percent of the graduating class have passed the ex-
amination of the Education 'Commission for Foreign Medical Grad-
uates (ECFMG), the national qualifying' :est for residency ap-
pointments in thhe U.S., and most of the graduates have already
secured a.sudh appointments.
The School now has an enrollment of 1250, 650 of which are on.
the Grenada campus. A further 150 are on the School's campus
in neighboring St. Vincent and another 450 are attached to
Week Ending:30,. $ 81 TH.E GsEDA. NEWSLZETER Page 7
hospitals in the.United Kingdom and United States.
Sir Gordon said the school had become "excitingly international".
He feels it has a chance to bring into the international delivery
of health care to the/World, a new body of people who have alrea-
dy worked with people from other countries, and he referred to
the "Pathfinder" planes which dropped flares during World War II
to illuminate targets for. the bombers.
"These brave Pathfinders were, of course, on missions of death
and destruction" he said, I would like to see the Charter Class
as Pathfinders, not in death and destruction, but in life and
compassion and health".
Attending the ceremony were Sir Paul Scoon, Governor General of
Grenada and Lady Scoon, Bishop Sydney Charles, Roman Catholic
Bishop of Grenada and Mr. Norris Bain, Minister of Health in the
Peoples Revolutionary Government. Bishop Charles delivered both
the Ivocation and Benediction.
M o, i c .uS i :O N
'MDICA GETS MEDALLION
Dr. ( of Law) Charles Modica, 34, Chancellor of the,St. George's
University School of Medicine, was presented on May 24th with the
Medallion of Merit, the highest award which can be presented by
the city of Miami Beach, U.S.A.
The presentation was made by Mr. Alexander Daoud, Vice-Mayor of
the city of Miami Beach, at the graduation ceremony of the "Char-
ter Class" of the Medical School, and Mr. Daoud referred to Dr.
Modica's "unceasing efforts that enabled all of us to turn our
dreams of yesterday into the joys of the reality of today".
Presenting the medallion, Mr. Daoud said it was inscribed, "To
Dr. Charles Modica, the Dreammaker, for Excellence in Medical
Page. 8 T5 GRENASi NESLE TER We. Bnding 30.5.81
S > t WORKK OFCADBC STILU NEED .
Minister of Education in the Peoples RevolUtionary Government
(PRG) Mr. George Louison, expressed the opinion on May 19th that
the development work being done by Christian Action fqr Develop-
ment in the Caribbean (CADEC) is just as necessary today as when
the work was first undertaken some years ago._
"The social and economic situation' which, f -ar sure, was the main
reason for tickling the conscience of the Church to establish an
agency of that kind, still remains among us as much as it did
towards the end of the 1960s when CADEC first started its work",
Mr. Louson made thesecomments as he delivered the featuread-
dress at the opening ceremony of the third biennial meeting of
CADEC's local development fund committee. The meeting had as
its theme, "Towards More Effective Manag .and Mechanisms To En-
able the Development Process", and was attended by delegates
from several Caribbean community countries.
Mr. Louison said Westindians still have to contend with poor
housing, hunger, unemployment and aii the other social and eco-
nomic evils which held the majority of the people of this region
in a state of underdevelopment which produced a poor quality of
life for the people throughout the region.
"While in some cases and in some areas we have made slight pro-
gress", he said, it is true to say that there has been no real
dramatic change in the conditions of life of the people of our
CADBC:'s local .development committees. are the result 6if efforts
by CADEC to localisee" the decision-making in approving funds
for development projects. At the centre of the funding process
is the main Development Iund Committee (DFC) headed by Anglican
Bishop of Barbados Drexel Gomez and, throughout the region, some
22 local Development Fund Committees approve and supervise pro-
jects in the various countries.
During 1979,- the DFC eeived funding grants' of jrst !short on~.
Aiilliont S dollakri, the Aain donor being itne it'I -American Found
-ation. Funding fell to about three quarter "of a miliidn in
1980 and, according to a CADEC source, is expected to be about,
that level in 1981.
The meeting, 'which wa hi e ld- at th Silver Sands Hotel, ran until
:' :.CARIBBEAN HAS OWN AGcNDA" '
Dr. David Mitchell, Regional Coordinator for the Education Pro-
gramme of the Caribbean Conference of Churches (CCC), said on May
19th that the people of the small Grenadine islands which lie be-
tween Grenada and St. Vincent are short of fish to eat because
"the great hotel and food chains of Europe, based in Martinique,
sweep the who9le, ish product, from .he Grenadines".; ,
Dr'. Mitchell made this comment as he addressed the opening sess-
ion of the Third Biennial Meeting of Local Development Committees
of Christian Action for Development in the Caribbean (CADEC),
"Grenadine people can't eat fish any more", he said. "tIt is too
expensive. It is sent to Martinique and the price paid does not
necessarily go into the pockets of Grenadine fishermen. It goes
into the pockets of these people who now have to pay for their
expensive yachts, boats, cold storage, planes, hotel points and
collection points. The profit of the thing goes overseas, not
with -" -
Dr. Mitchell was setting out some of the difficulties of develop
-ment and these difficulties included what he called the para-
meters produced by external forces.- ,HeI said there is need to
recognize that t4q"'cold war", ~ as produced World tensionss and the
big powers are "looking for chinks in each other's armour",
"i'. 5 CaI'b ;e .. .
"Bot We hinth&'Caribbean.have our own agenda he said, "and we
don't need to serve other people, s adendas without considering
whether th6s' agendas are our agendas, whether they will get us
THE GRENADAI NBWSBiR -
Page 10 THE G&NiADA EWS We ek Edig 30.5.81
anywhere ,at all if we jump on, bandwagons, and,be littlel ,.stars ,.
twinkling in the distance behind the g9eat force that are iarsh-
ing around the world'". .
Dr. Mitchell said Westindians live by many points of reference
and pretend to live in one world and say and do the right things
for that world-while keeping a mental reservation that -they live
in other worlds.
Guya and Girls
"So, when we join the guys and girls :in the other world", he
said, "right down at the base or somewhere else, we act like them.
So, when we are in Rome, we do as the Romans do, when we are in
New York, we do as the New Yorkers do, when we are in Rotterdam
or London, we do as the Dutch or British do, and when we are put
in the bush in the Caribbean, we do as the bush people do and
we feel at home".
Dr. Mitchell said this .might %e'-thought to ib hypocritical but it
has been called "living by many references", and he believed West
-indians needed to have a "decisive point of reference" so that,
while one changed "colour" against the background of the moment,
one would know the "aim and goal towards which our community is
moving" .- *
Dr. Mitchell suggested to the meeting that the Local Development
Committees ( who are responsible for approving funds for develop-
ment projects) have programmes beyond the immediate technical as-
pects of their work.
"There is a social context that people are not aware of", h6'said,
"and I fail to see how we can have efficient management unless
we make this a part of our management study and activity".
: .. : -U.S. SPONSORED SEMINAARR IN BAREADOS
Any viabiT discussion of the problems of the Eastern Caribbean
for the next decade has to start,from the simple recognition of
the obsolescence of sovereignty.
... 'lltl.nued .
4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Week Ending 30.5.81 THBEGRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
Addressing a seminar in Barbaros on May 22nd, Dr. Gordon Lewis,
Professor of Political Science at the University of Puerto Rico,
expressed this opinion and said if that obsolescence is ignored,
the Caribbean may constitute some 25 or 30 unviablee Micro repub-
lics" by the end of this decade.
"In a world in which only the Caribbean region itself becomes the
viable unit of regional planning", he said, "we have to recognize
the obsolescence of the nation state in this last quarter of the
The Seminar, held at the Cave Hill, Barbados, campus of the Uni-
versity of the West Indies (UWI), was sponsored by the United
States International Communication Agency of the U.S. Barbados
Embassy, and had as its theme, "The Eastern Caribbean In The 80s",
Explaining his reasoning, Professor Lewis said that, for example,
in the area of territorial defence, no single territory can ade-
quately defend itself today and a regional defence programme is
badly needed* He said the new era of "military adventurism" and
the entry of mercenaries into the Caribbean underline the urgency
of a common defence programme.
"The lesson of Dominica in the last month is a distressing lesson
that underlies that proposition", he said.
Professor Lewis feels that attempts to advocate "the development
in traditional forms of the Caribbean integration movement" are
exercises in "Utopia mongering", and he believes what is needed
in the Eastern Caribbean is "fun tional federalism". "That i4 to
say", he explained, "practical cooperation between territories
along concrete matters of concrete common concern".
Functional Federalism bypassed Ideological Pluralism, he said as
is shown by the recent declaration of Grenada's Peoples Revolu-
tionary Government that it will participate in the proposed or-
ganization of Eastern Caribbean states, but with reservation a-
bout a common foreign policy.
- continued -
THE GRENADA_ NEWSLEUI R
Also taking part in the seminar ( to which a selected group of
journalists and other persons from the Eastern Caribbean were in-
vited) were Dr. Ransford Palmer, graduate Professor-of Economics,
Howard University, Trinidad born Dr. T6ny"Maingot, Professor of
Sociology and Anthropology, Florida State University, and Dr.
Neville Duncan, Head of Department of Government and Sociology,
UWI, Cave Hill, Barbados.
The seminar was opened by Sir Sidney Martin, Principal of the
Cave Hill campus, and the participants were welcomed by Mr. Vir-
gil P. Randolph III, Charge d'Affaires of the U.S. Barbados Em-
bassy. The speakers were introduced by Mr. Ashley Wills, First
Secretary at the U.S. Embassy
MAINGOT WORRIED ABO(XT U.S. POLICY
Trinidad born Dr. Tony Maingot, Professor of Sociology and An-
thropology at Florida State University, has expressed concern
over developing United States policy towards the Caribbean. "The
future of this area will depend to a very substantial extent on
United States policy", he said, and,I am very worried".
Professor Maingot, addressing a one-day seminar sponsored by the
United States Embassy in Barbados on May 22nd, said U.S. policy
under President Jimmy Carter had been shaped by men with an un-
derstanding of the sovereignty of Caribbean countries, who took
the region seriously and treated it as a non-military area.
"These three areas of the Carter policy, plus the acceptance of
the human rights principle, were crucial", he said, "and what I
am seeing occurring ( it is not yet formulated, the people are
not in place yet), is a matter of worry because there is an ex-
traordinary danger that somebody outside there will confuse
modern conservatism with reactionary status quo orientation".
Professor Maingot said that by "modern conservatism" he did not
mean "traditionalism" or that Caribbean societies are not cap-
able of tremendous outbursts, including outbursts of violence".
Week gdgng 30.5.1l
Week Ending 30.5.81 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
" In fact", he said, one of the characteristics that I would at-
tribute to the concept of modern conservatism is that violence is
always possible there, not out of class conflict like so many of
the theories point out, but rather out of a sense of righteous in-
Under conditions of modern conservatism, violence can come from
any sector of the society, Professor Maingot said,.from the mid-
dle classes or from the working classes, and the very concept of
"righteous indignation" is a part of the structurally conserve,
tive nature of the society.
He said the models from which he developed his idea of "modern
conservatism" are Mexico during the Mexican Revolution, Iran and
fundamentally, the "dramatic impact" a years residence in Japan
had on him in 1978 when he saw "what was structurally a conserva-
tive society creating the modern state".
NO BREATHING SPACE FOR EASTERN CARIBBEAN
Graduate Professors of Economics at Howard University, Dr. Rans.
-ford Palmer, told a one day seminar in Barbados on May 22nd that
there is no "economic event"-on the horizon which (like the 1973
sharp increases in the price of oil which benefited Trinidad and
Tobago) would provide a "breathing space" for the Eastern Carib-
"No similar sustained price increases in bananas and sugar are
likely", he said, in fact, outside of certain strategic miner-
als and grain, the market prospects for traditional Caribbean ex-
port commodities are uncertain".
Professor Palmer said the preferential feature of the laissez
faire Caribbean Community (CARICOM) integration model was hailed
by many as providing such a "breathing space" for the Eastern
Caribbean. The model viewed the Eastern Caribbean as an embryo
within the larger Caribbean, he said, that embryo to be nurtured
by capital resources and preferential fiscal incentives and,
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
after a period of gestation the eastern Caribbean would be eco-
nomically strong to compete openly with the more developed
Unfortunately, the embryo has been attacked by the twin dis-
eases of world inflation and domestic natural disasters, events
which the framers of CARICCM had no way of anticipating", he
said, and, as a consequence, gestation has been delayed".
New central decision making and resource allocating institutions
in the eastern Caribbean need to be structured to make existing
CARICOM preferential arrangements more effective, Professor Palm
On data available for 1968 (SIC), he claimed the traditional pat-
tern of commercial bank lending in the less developed countries
overwhelmingly favours export agriculture and neglects manufact-
uring and other sectors. Such a pattern of lending is not com-
patible with a strategy for development, he said, and he advo-
cated replacement of the eastern Caribbean Authority with a full-
"It would at once acquire greater control over the behaviour of
the commercial banks which now determine the pattern of the flow
of funds into the economiC activity of the region", he said.
In addition, he said, the projects to .receive priority funding
must be clearly identified, and there should be set up the
Eastern Caribbean Development Agency" which will identify region-
al development priorities and signal these priorities to the cen-
tral bank. The Agency would also signal to the fiscal authori-
ties the structure of incentives required to augment the flow of
funds into the development areas.
"Thus", he said, "The trio of the Central Bank, The Eastern Carib-
bean Development Agency and the Fiscal Authorities would exercise
discretionary power over allocation of resources within'a context
that allows the market mechanism for capital development to de-
Week BEnding 30.5.81
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
DUNCAN: A NEW LIFE STYLE
The major justification for existence of small states in the in-
ternational system is that they are able to create and develop
an alternate life style to that which characterises the advanced
societies of the world.
This proposal was put forward at a U.S. sponsored seminar in Bar-
bados on May 22nd by Dr. Neville Duncan, Head of Department of
Government and Sociology of the University of the West Indies Cave
Hill Campus, Dr. Duncan said the object of the alternate life
style is to provide opportunity for creating a richer, warmer,
fuller, happier and healthier life.
"The Easter Caribbean State is a 20th century fact", he said,
"and on that basis they are able to make use of the technological
advances which characterise this century, and to use these advan-
ces in new ways from those in which they have been used in the
advanced societies of the world".
Dr. Duncan outlined problems and considerations which the small
states of the Eastern Caribbean must face. These include mini-
mising dependence on the outside world and the fact that the
"state apparatus has come to reflect rather than to subdue class
To solve these difficulties, Dr. Duncan advocated emphasis on the
Socialist ideology. Only a fully fledged socialist revolution
can resolve the difficulties alluded so far in this paper", he
said, "but, in life, one oftentimes had to make do with what one
is stuck with until good fortune strikes or new circumstances
He feels that what is needed now are practical suggestions which
can "incrementally expand democracy and liberate the human spirit
now encased in oppression and ignorance". In this connection,he
thinks, some remedies can be employed in the political and econo-
- continued -
Week Ending 30.5.81
Page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.5.81
One answer, he said, is to allow the masses to help to resolve
some of the problems in the intervals between periodic elections
and to have a system of recall of elected representatives. He
proposed also that mass organizations and special interest groups
should have constitutionally guaranteed rights to propose legis-
In the economic field, he said, the problems are both internat-
ional and national, and, internationally, there is need for the
small state to revise contracts entered into with transnational
corporations under conditions of inequality in the colonial and
"Domestically, the problem turns on the need for agrarian reform,
urban reform, reform of the commercial and financial systems,
redistribution of wealth and means of production", he said, "as
well as the democratisation of economic decision-making power
and for the promotion of self management and self reliance".
These objectives would require a revolution, Dr. Duncan said,
and for the 1980s the proposals are more modest. These propo-
sals, he said, focus on the eradication of poverty and emphasis
on preventive medicine. He said also there should be an assault
on the "socio-economic mechanisms which ensure that the lion's
share goes, at the moment, to the rich and powerful".
Dr. Duncan put forward other proposals including the provision
of large community television screens and the banning of import-
ation of private TV sets.
"The tangled web of island life has become to privatized", he
said. "Elimination of waste areas through socialising the act-
ivities, that is, making them available while rigidly discour-
aging private accumulation in these areas, offers the hope of
a meaningful alternative life style to that of the advanced
THEe GEKNnAi N3WflbLATTiHK
BISHOP ATTACKS THATCHER'
Addressing an African Liberation Day Rally on May 23rd Prime Min-
ister Maurice Bishbp said it is the "military-industrial complex"
which rules countries like the United States and Britain.
"That is why", he said, that Mrs. Thatcher, the British Prime
Minister, for example, can be married to man who is a director of
one of the companies that operates in South Africa, riding on the
backs of the African masses and making profit off the blood of
black people in Africa".
For this reason, Mr. Bishop said, Mrs. Thatcher can think of pass
-ing a race relations law like this", because black people do
not matter and black people's function is to be "hewers of wood
and drawers of water". Black people are not supposed to have
any rights, he said, and they are not supposed to rise up.
"The.poor and the oppressed of the world, generally", Mr. Bishop
said, "those people who are fighting for their liberation, those
people who are not willing to roll over and be stepped upon, they
have no rights and for them is the roller, the big stick. That is
the way they operate and we are not supposed to fight back"
Mr. Bishop said that, in Britain and the United States, it is a
case of "rule by the rich for the rich" and what happens to the
poor does not matter.
PRG REACHES AGREEMENT WITH WORKERS
Members of the Grenada Public Workers Union (PWU) formerly the
Grenada Civil Service Association at their Annual General
Meeting on May 28th, learned that agreement has been reached with
the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) on the question of
wages covered by a new industrial agreement.
Together with two other unions representing Government employees,
PWU has been in dispute with the PRG since last December on the
question of wages. The other unions are the Grenada Union of
Week Ending 30.5.81
Pae 18 THE GkENAA NESLB Week Ending 3W.(.5.81
Teachers and the Technical and Allied Wbrkers ,Union.
Initially, the Unionst demand Was for a 9% "weighted average" in-
crease in salaries over 2 years while the PRGtS first offer was
for a 5% increase in 1981 and a 7i% increase in 1983. Several
compromise offers were made by both sides without acceptance and,
when a final deadlock was reached1 the Unions called a "sick-out"
on March 3rd.
Oh March 6th, several members of the Unions received warning let-
ters from the PRG, 10 PWU members were suspended on half payone
Was dismissed and one, Mr. Robert Robinson, President of PWU,was
transferred from his post of Labour Commissioner to that of a
Road Supervisor in a remote parish. The Unions then wrote the
PRG offering to resume negotiations if the letters were with-
drawn and, on March 9th, having a reply that the offer was being
considered by Cabinet, the sick-out was called off that diy.
Negotiations were resumed and final agreement was reached on 4ay
Under that agreement, the PRG will withdraw the letters of warn-
ing, suspension and transfer, and Government employees will re-
ceive an average increase of 17.3% in 1981. In 1982, the in-
crease will be 10% and in 1983, 12.%.
The one letter of dismissal issued by the PRG has not been with-
drawn. The recipient, a Government pensioner who had been re-
employed on a month to month basis, said he did not want to re-
turn to his job.
FORSYTHE ELECTED P.W.U. PRESIDENT
Mr. Septimus Forsythe, President of the Grenada Trade Union
Council, has been elected President of the Grenada Public Work-
ers Union (PWU) formerly the Grenada Civil Service Associa-
tion. Election took place at the Annual General Meeting of the
Union on May 28th and Mr. Forsythe, who is the outgoing first
Vice-President of PWU, was elected unopposed.
Week Inding 3'. j 81- THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 1i
Outgoing PWU President, Mr. Robert Robinson, declined nomination
to >any post on the Executive. Mr. Robinson who led the team
which recently negotiated a new'wages agreement with Government,
was, following' a -"sick out" by Government employees in support of
their claim, transferred by the Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG) from his post of Labour Commissioner to that'of a Road
Supervisor in a remote parish.
At the'time of the "sick out", in addition to letters of suspen-
sion on half pay sent to several members of PWU, the PRG sent
letters to several PWU members warning of-the consequences of ab-
senteeism, and the new PWU President, Mr. Forsythe, received one
The terms of the agreement, reached 'on May 22nd, include the with-
drawal of the warning letters, the letters of suspension and the
letter of transfer to Mr. Robinson.
Messxs. Forsythe and Robinson leave today (30th) for an Interna-
tional Labour Organization (ILO) Conference in Geneva.
MEDIA WORKERS ASSOCIATION FORMED.
A Media' Workers Assoclation has been fotLed in Grenada and its"
first meeting and election of officers took place on May i2th at
the Ministry of Information.
President of theAssociation is Mr. Ray Donald of the Government
Information Service (GIS). and first Vice-President is Mr. Don
Rojas, editor of the Government owned "Free West -Indian" (PWI)
newspaper. Other members of the Executive have been drawn from
Radio Free Grenada, GIS and PWI.
According."to GIS, the broad aims of the Association aresto assist
media workers in the country to properly perform their duties,and
to increase the participation of the workers in'building the Gre-
nada revolution. .
The date of the'official launching of the Association is to be
THE GRENADA NEWJf lTT ER
ROSE HALL.UNHURT AND WELL
Miss Rose Hall, leader of the Roman Catholic charismatic group iu
Grenada, returned to the island on May 18th and told NEWSLETTER
that, whileshe is flattered by the concern Grenadians have shown
over the report that she had been shot at the time of the attempt-
ed assassination of Pope John- Paul II, she is pleased to say that
she is unhurt and well.
"I left Rome on the day before the.attempt oh the Pope's life",
she said, "and on the day of the attempt I was at the Shrine of
Fatima which is about 100 miles from Lisbon in Portugal".
Miss Hall said she heard of the attempted assassination while she
was at Fatima, but it was not until she got to London that she saw
in the newspapers that: a 2, year oAd girl from Jamaica, whose name
also is. Rose Hall, Jad been shot.
"I never dreamed that this news was causing concern in Grenada",
she said,. or I, certainlywould have got in touch. with home to
BISHOP TALKS OF DANGEROUS NEW IDEAS
Prime, Minister Maurice Bishop said on, March 13th that, in. future,
Grenadians will have to work "a thousandtimes" harder.
"The truth of the matter is", he said, "things are going to get
more difficult, and we, are going to find that the present danger-
ous period that we are li ing in is going to act as a hindrance
and obstacle frying to hold back our possibilities for peaceful
ard progressive development".
Some people have begun to develop dangerous new ideas which will
do harm to the peace of the world, Mr. Bishop said. .These peo-
ple are talking:about "international terrorism", he said, and he
felt that, in putting forward this.idea, "what they are doing is
that they are removing the Human Rights doctrine".
- continued -
Week Ending 30.5.81
Week Ending S0.5. SBl
"They are conveniently finding a way of no longer having to at-
tack South Africa, Chile or South Korea", he said.
Mri Bishop/the concept of "international terrorism" lumps togeth-
er-the Socialist world countries, the non aligned world countries,
the National- Liberation movements, and the progressive countries
in te- Third World in an effort to attack as international terror
-ists teA freedom fighters against apartheid in Namibia or South
In that way, he said, the Governments which put forward the con-
.cept o "international terrorism psychologically prepare their
people f !C'action to be taken against these freedom fighter,.
Mr. Bishop said there is no reason for the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) to want hostile relations with the United
States. There are more Grenadians living in the U.S.A. than in
Grenada., he said, and .annual visits s'of Ameri'can tourists-out-
number the population of the island.
In terms of trade and economic cooperation", he said, "we must
prefer to have good relations and we must prefer to be able to
live in conditions of complete security and .i feelings of no
tension and no instability".
The Prime Minister said, however, that it must be understood
clearly that, on no account or in any circumstances will anyone
dictate to the PRG that it must trade its principles and change
its objectives and no longer try to build Grenada free from .out-
side pressure and domination.
Mr. Bishop said he has a message to those in Grenada and those
abroad who doubt.the, motives of the PRG and suspect that the PRG
harbours plans against them.
"We do not want any quarrel with any country in the region", he
said. "We do not want any quarrel with a bigger country that
has developed their own system once we are allowed to develop our
THE GgAflA'N BaSlS1ER
THE GgNADA NEW^J.SyBR
own process. We do not have any plans or intentions of interfer-
ing in other peoples' countries and affairs but, equally, we de-
mand from them that they do not interfere in our internal affairs".
Mr. Bishop said all that Grenadians want is the right to live in
peace, to develop their resources, to build their economy to have
a productive life, to develop relations w th those with whom they
want, and to be free of tension, fear, instability, of mercenary
aggression and terrorist activity.
GRENADA/BRITAIN RELATIONS NOT GOOD
The British Government does not have good relations with the Peo-
ples Revolutionary Government (PRG). The British have recently
made statements attacking the PRG and a Minister of the, British
Government has said recently that the PRG will not get British
At a Press Conference on March 14th, Prime Minister Maurice Bish-
op made this statement in reply to a question concerning the re-
lationship between his Government and the Government of Mrs. Mar-
Mr. Bishop said Grenada has not received aid from Britain for the
last two years and anything that had come to the PRG from that
source had been "just some little drops that were left from the
previous agreement with ( deposed Prime Minister Eric) Gairy".
He said this is not surprising considering the attitude of the
British Government inside its own country.
"It is not just a conservative ruling party", he said. It is
a racist party".
The Prime Minister said the approach of:the British Government to
Northern Ireland indicates how far that Government will go on re-
pression, and the approach to retrenchment, job closures and the
cutting back of social services in dealing with the economy shows
a "ruthlessness" and "lack of humanitarism" which clearly indi-
cates the nature of the Government. c
-UEEK, ENDING 3035.81
Week'Ending 30.5.81 THE GRENADA NEw'SL ER Page 23
"If they are willing to do. their own people that",' he said,. "well,
who is little Grenada? Frankly, it is no shock to us at illt
Mr. Bishop said recent racial attacks on blacks and other minor-
ities in England is "part and parcel" of the outlook, attitude,
policy and programme of the present British Government. 1If the
"objective material basis" inside the country is leading to go
much oppression and unemployment, he said, then the; British citi-
zens will be looking more and more for scapegoats, and will be
more and more resentful of minorities who have jobs and who are
sharing in the social services.. He thought this will leadito
more racial attacks and to Westindians being put under more pres-
The Prime Minister said Britain has moved to re-develop relations
with Chile and Uruguay and he felt that the British Government saw
no conflict in this or any problem in developing good relations
with South Africa and ensuring that every possible way is found of
avoiding the boycotts.
"Then they will come out here and talk about Human Rights", he
said. "That tells you what kind of Human Rights they are talking
about but, having regard to the character of the British Govern-
ment, we are not surprised and I expect that, until the Conserva-
tive Party is removed which seems to be not too far away -
relations with the British Government are not likely to be very
BISHOP LASHES AT U.S. AID TO EL SALVADOR
The vaSt majority of the people of El Salvador are dissatisfied
with the Military Junta in El Salvador.
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop expressed this opinion at a Press
Conference here on March 14th and said that sections of the
media have falsely portrayed the conflict in that country as being
between a minority of the left and a minority of the right.
Page 24 THE GRpNiAD NEWSLETTER Week Ending 30.5,81
"The reality is that the vast majority of the people of El Salva-
dor are unhappy with the Junta", he said, and do want a change,
and the only answer must be centered around allowing the people
of El Salvador the right to det.ermine,for themselves how they
want to see their country ruen.
Mr. Bishop said he understood the position of some of the people
in the United States Government to be based on the decision that
the Junta is in command, the Junta must stay in command and the
United States will give the Junta all the necessary military as-
sistance. He said the last figure quoted in United States mili-
tary equipment to the Junta was US$45 million.
"I see that as being a very dangerous development", Mr. Bishop
said. It won't help to bring about a political solution, it
will achieve greater polarization, it will make the war in El
Salvador last longer, and I have no doubt that it will not have
the effect of stopping the eventual victory of the people of El
Salvador because that must come".
GRENADA NOT A POLITICAL EUNOCH
At a Press Conference in Grenada on March 14th Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop gave his definition of "non aligned"
"When we say we are non aligned", he said, we are not at all
saying that we see our country as having no right to an opinion.
That non aligned means neutrality".
'Mr. Bishop said that "non aligned" for the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) is a positive concept expressing a belief in cer-
tain principles. For the PRG, he said, non alignment means anti-
imperialist, anti-colonialist, anti-neo-colonialist, anti-racist
It also means, he.said, that the PRG believes in a new economic
,order and in the right of countries to develop themselves and
their own resources free from outside interference, aggression and
Week Ending 30.5.81 THE Gt*ADA IWLETTR Page 25
Mr. Bishops definition came in the course of a reply to a quest-
ion as to why, as a non aligned country, Grenada'sI vote in for-
eign policy matters nevek differed from that of Cuba and Russia.
In reply, he said he did not have the voting record of Cuba and
Russia and so was unable to accept the suggestion that Grenada's
vote never differed from those of .those two countries. But, he
said, Grenada's foreign policy is based on the principles of non
alignment outlined by him and he did not have to be "looking
around the shoulder" to see how other people were voting.
"I can tell you here and.now", he said, "that on any such funda-
mental question as El Salvador, where the question is put in
those terms and a vote has to be cast, if I had to look around my
shoulder to see who was voting with me, the country I would be
looking at is the United States".
GRENADA NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR U.S. ECONOMIC DIFFICULTIES
Prime Minister MauriceBishop said here at aePess Conference on
March 14th that some people are advancing a reason for the econo-
mic- problems of the United'States, which reason is the direct
opposite of the truth.
" I have seen recent editorials in papers in the United States
whereit is being alleged that:,, because of El Salvador, Nicaragua,
Cuba and Grenada", he sa4.d, the United States; is having econo-
mic problems" .
Mr, Bishop said the situation is ironical because the opposite is
true. What happens, he said, is that when the United States has
economic problems, it is then that small countries with dependent
economies have difficulties.
"But they use this "thing so cleverly", he said, "that it is beg-
inning to Ipok like if we are responsible for the economic pro-
blems of America".
- continued -
THq GREkNADA _EfSLM8IgR
Some people in the United States might be influenced by what they
se., read or hear in the media and will come to accept this posi-
tion, he said,, and,. ifthere is,military intervention in, the Car-
ibbean or Latin-America, it might more easily gain acceptance a-
mong sections of the American population.
A' :^ ;Ea'.*i
GRENADA TO HAVE NEW CONSTITUTION
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said at a Press Conference on March
14th that the Grenada Constitution, which his Government suspend-
ed after the revolution of 13th March 1979, is a "farce" and a
"sham" and does not guarantee a :lot of rights which should be en-
Further, he said, the Constitution does not give any power author-
ity to the people as they are represented in their organizations,
and he feels this is a fundamental omission.
A new constitution is to be introduced, he said, but there has not
been enough time to assess the permanence and stability of the "new
democratic organizations of the people" which are now evolving.
A further cause of delay in introducing phe new CGnstitution, he
said, has been the difficulty of obtaining the services of cpn-.
stitutional experts to act as a constitution commission. When
appointed, this commission will be expected to submit a model of
a constitution to the Government ahd that model will be subject
to full public discifssion before a Consultative Assembly of tih
people considers it and males suggestions.
T.hik Commission then goes back, bearing in mind the suggestions
that have come", Mr. Bishop said, "and writes up another draft
which comes back tb the Government, which we would' like to have
approved through some popular referendum".,
The Prime Minister did not indicate when he thought the process
of introducing 'thie new Constitution could be undertaken.
Week Ending 30.5.81
wiak Badidspis3tf.5 THE' Sa d Ei IR Pa0. Z,
IRE .AT HUBBARDS
The ire 'Brig' answered a'ca -a3 p.m. nNay 28th At the Motor
Department o Jonas 'Browne and Hubbard Lt". on the' Carenage, St.
For about twenty minutes-g black smpke billowed from the upper story
of the building before the Brigade brought the fire under control
and put it out.
Cause of the fire was the accidental igniting of the petrol system
of a car which was being welded. The car was completely burned
out but no other vehicles were damaged. The building itself .as
undamaged by the fire and the Sales Department on the lower floor
*was avwed fiom water damage:by th& concrete floor of the upper
R.F.G.'s NEW TRANSMITTER BY JULY
Construction of the new transmitter station for Radio Free Grenada
(RFG) is due for completion by the end of July.
Construction of the station, which is located at Beausejour, some
five miles north of St, George's on the island's west coast, began
in January last and is expected to cost some EC$960,000.00. The
rans'itte'r' itself will cost EC$500,000, the Government Information
Service has announced.
'RFC" is now located at Morne Rouge in the Tourist development area
some five miles south of St. George's. The station has a 5 KW
short wave service and a 1 KW service in the medium wave band. The
Beausejour service is expected to be 75 KW in the medium wave band.
4, 4 '*.. .*4- 4,i : ..
RUNWAY PAVING NEXT MONTH
The Government Information Service has announced that the paying
of the first 4,500 feet of runway at the International Airport at
Point Saline at the south end of the island is to begin in June.
WeeOj RndgE SQ 30^ n_581
The Airport, constructi-on.of whith started last year, is being con
-structed with assistance from the Cuban Government and is. expected
to take some three years to complete. It is hoped, however, that,
by the end of this year, it will be able to accommodate the planes
which now use the Pearls Airport on the eastern side of the island4
Grenada And Cuba Abolish Visas
Cuba and Grenada signed an agreement on January 19th abolishing
the use of visas by Cubans and Grenadians travelling to each
The agreement was signed in Havana and signing for the Cuban Gov-
ernment was Foreign Affairs Minister Isidoro Malmierca. Grenada's
Ambassador to Cuba, Mr. Richard Jacobs, signed on behalf of the
People's Revolutionary Government.
The agreement covers travel with regular, diplomatic and seamen's
IICA Fruit Marketing Course
The Inter-Ar- ican Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IICA.) of the'
Organization of American States conducted a course in Grenada in
February on the handling and marketing of fresh fruit.
The course began on February 2nd and was taken by personnel of the
Marketing and National Importing Board and of the Ministry or Agri-
This IICA activity is trie result of an agreement between the Peo
-ples Revolutionary Government and the Institute to carry out a
project study on the methods of marketing fruit in Grenada. The
aim of the study is to prepare a project for development of fruit
T .f.i.R..qA-. -fi-S .TT^ .:
THE GRMI I NBESLA~ S-ER Page 29 '_.
Charges Laid'Anainst Detitheeds.;: :',n ,
Prime Minister. Mauricie Bishop disclosed at- a- Press' Conference that,
within recent time*, :charges have-been laid'against some detainree
and more charges are to be laid shortly. '
There has been difficulty, he said',-In getting legal personnel to
deal with this matter but he felt his Government ii now'oi-:a '~sit-.
tion to bring charges very s on' a'Ba'idt quite a 'fe more".
N.J.M. Rejects Westminister Hypocrisy".
Minister of Education Mr.George Louison yesterday told the Christian
Peace.Conference which me 'nrin Gre&hd- this 'week that, since the re-
volution.-of Match 13th "1979', the PGoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG) has been able to draw Grenadi~:p into participation in the
affairs of the state. .
"Let me hay, in respect of this point," he said, "that one of the
serious issues "that- has gone through the Caribiean and has been a
major point of discuSsion, is the development in' our country of our
genuine grass root democracy as against,the attempt byma.y .elements
to push us in the direction of what we describe as,"Westminister
hypocrisy". : i.
Mr. Loidson said*'that, under this '"hyocrisy", once every 5 years
when someonee says it' tseledtion time,. '. vast. amo'iunts of prom-
ises are made to our poor and ordinary people and ybougo into a poll
-ing booth for 5 seconds to .make an X and that is the extent of your
democratic practice for the next 3 years".
That is what the New Jewel Movement (NJM) calls the "five-seconds-
in five-years" democracy, Louison said, and, instead of that, NJM
has been trying to build the organizations of the people.
Williams Made OAS Chairperson
Grenada's Ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS),
Dessima Williams, has been elected Chairperson for 1981 to an OAS
Executive Committee. continued -
Week Endipn. 3-,,,3,A ..
Page 302 THE GRBMENaPB SLBM R. Week hdiaiz3D^.5 1 ..
According to the Grenada Information..Servicej Mr. Wfa.alltas I:. :.
willhchar cgqqmittee meet ngs which wi.a spearheads activities ...
fq organisig t.e .OS, OneraA Assembly-.to-rbe held in St: :Lucia,
in November. .
tE.E.C. Seqds F.rtilizer., ; ,
The Peoples Revgluttonary Gove.nmqint has received ,250 tos of fer-
tilizer from the European Economic Community as aid following the
loss of soil fertility caused by the heavy rains of hurricane
"David" last year.
The fertilizer came in two s4ipmenqts pf 126 and 124 tons on Janu-*
ary 19th and 22nd and was consigned to. the;,Ministry of. Planning.:,
-4 4.- .' 'N '' 4 '. 4 '
Bishop Congratulates Reagan
The Government Information Serv ie reported in February that Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop had sent a congratulatory.message to United
States President Ronald Reagan on the.occasionof his inauguration.
'"he Government and' people bf Grehadaa wish you a very fruitful term
of offie-and hope to bb able to work with you and your administra-
tion in promoting peace, greater cooperation and development in the
region",the message says. The,,Government.and people of .Grenada
also look forward to developing cordial relations with the-*overn-
ment and people of the United St.tes.of America".
*S'y *1N4 V *Bt
SMay 30th 1981