The Grenada newsletter

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Material Information

Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00239


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NEWSLETTER
Volume 8 Number 18
End of Year Issue 31st December 1980
8th Year of Publication - 251st "IsSUe



DISPUTE ON DOCKS

An industrial dispute developed on the docks at St. George's on
December 30th when the Danish cargo ship "Mercandian Moon" ar-
rived froh Antwerp with some 202 tons of dried skimmed milk con-
signed to the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG).

The ship's agents Peo. F. Huggins & Co. Ltd., requested the Sea-
men & Waterfront Workers Union (SWWU) to supply men to work on
the ship and on the docks. tinloading did not commence, however
because, shortly'after the ship arrived, a PRA representative
told SWWU that the dock gan. wexe qQt required the qgame *em-
ployed on the ship objected tto. this iand refaed to discharge tlie
vessel. . ; '

The milk is a gift from the Commission of the European Communi-
ties (CEC) and it was sent to. Grenadaon a "free along side"(FAS)
basis, that is, that all charges from the ship's si-`b to' bet
paid by the consignee, The PRG, the consignee aof tke milk, did
not rdluire a SWWU dock gang because it wished to supply Sti bwn
labour to warehouse the ,i}k.,
Claa s
SWWU is the recognized bargaining agent for all ships handled by
Grenada Shipping Agents (GSA), of which Geo. F. Huggins & Co.Ltd,
is a meiiber, and, when this problem developed, SWWU immediately
S- ctiinaed -'




P0 Box 65, StAGaorgle, Grt* ad, W atM dies
in mJT '--n 1 i -s I 1*- *~l I n lllluliue




S:sue To 31.12.1980 THE GRENADA NEWSLETT age 2 ,


requested and held a meeting with GSA. Following that meet-

ing, GSA wrote..the Minister'.bf Finance, -Trade, 'Industry & Plax-

ning advising that S U claimstha pdirteir contr cZ he

Ships Agents must engage-union -labour- to warehouse the cargo

in the transit sheds. :...


"As a solution to tIhe present impasse", the betterr said,,:"we sug-

gest the following:- ..

, That Government proVides trucking"to remove the"-- -.-

cargo and have it stored outside the Pier compound.

2. That the Ship's Agent be contracted, by Government .,

to engage unionised labour for the handling and.

storage of the cargo on the pier".

The Minister did.not -respond to these suggestions but, at, the

request of the PRG, the Managing Director of Geo., F. Huggins & .

Co. ltd., Mr. Richard Menezes, met with Prime Minister Maurice

Bishop and his Cabinet on the evening of the 30th.


M. Menexes told NEWSLETTER ne t day t Mr. .Bishop, had made it

clear that the.:RG respected the rights o6f~tSWt t" discharge the

nxIlk from the ship, but he said the PRG has no contract with

'3WWU for warehousing the cargo and the PRG did not intend to nove,

xrom its decision to warehouse the milk with its own labour .
S Showdown
hne showdown..came. at'4 .O0 p.m. On'th.9 3tit when: te ship's agents

";ked SwWV,, to. provide ,two teams, to discharge the ship. Gove n-
*r. G ov |e.r t
ment labour, was j:n .hand tbreceive"the dcago from lthe ship's'

slings but the SWWU men did not man the 'inches." For nearly

two hours there were discussions o rrhe docks between PRG re-
2 t ( :i ; : 22 2* i22 2
presentative Mr. Valentino Sawney, SWWU Secretary Mr. ric .Pierre.

and the Agents Representative Mr. Walter St. John. No Compro-

iqise could be 3eap hed. and Mr. Sawney told NEWSLETTER it had been

decided that the PRG would both discharge the cargo and ware -

house it.


Scqnflnued ..




Page 3 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue To 31.12. 190


Viewing these developments. on the dock was Mr. Alberto Ferrari, Re-

sident Representative of the. CEC-. Mr. Ferrari told NEWSLETTER

this skimmed milk which was made in Belgium, is the third shipment

of aid given to Grenada by CEC. Two shipments of skimmed milk

were received in 1979, one of 400 tons and one of 200 tons.


In a press release issued by SWWU on December 31st, the Union said

that, at a General Meeting called that day, "the workers received

full support for the action taken by them". It said also that"the

PRG did not act in the best interest of industrial relations in

this country"', and that "this Union would not stand idly by and see

the just claims and rights of their members in particular, nor

those 6f' trub'trade unionists or trade unionism in general denied".


The SWWU Executive is to meet shortly to consider Government's act-

ion in this'matter.

( 662 words )



1981: CRITICAL YEAR FOR BANANAS

Grenada's banana production ha declined considerably since 1976 and

by 1980, export figures had dropped some 22% during the last five-

year period,. Together with the other islands of the Windward group,

Grenada"s entire banana crop is bought by the British firm of Geest

Industries Ltd. and, in i976, Geest ships loaded just over 34 mill-

ion pounds of fruit at Grenada. In 1980, that figure haW dropped

to 27 million pounds.


In spite of reduced export tonnage, however, Grenadian farmers earn-

ed more money every year. In 1976, at an average price or ECc22

per pound, earnings were EC$7.7 million. IAnnual increases lifted

the average price to ECC40 per pound in 1980, and earnings reached a

record EC$i6.5 million.


The staggering 82-7 5-year increase in average prices is readily ex-

plained by world inflation,and does not reflect a corresponding in-

creased return to the farmer. To understand the production fall,

however, a: d to assess prospects for .the future, the birth of the

continued -




.t-ac ...- THE'GRENADA NEWSLETER ssue *To-.. l2S '


Banana Industry, the history Of its disasters a'n" the chtcua-

stances of its operation must be examined.


Grenada first planted bananas commercially in 1953. It was on

a small scale but, two years later, hurricane "Janet" devastated

the island's estates and created a situation which gave strong

impetus to the Industty.

The Grenadian farmer, traditionally, plants orchard crops. Co-

coa has been his economic mainstay since 1714,and-nutmegs for,the

last century. So, following the "Janet" disaster, his first con-

cern was to replant the cocoa and nutmeg fields. The young

plants needed shade and extensive use made of the banana plant for.

this purpose gave banana cultivation its real start in the island.


By 1959, as rehabilitation of the cocoa and nutmeg estates pro.

ccededd, over 30, million pounds of bananas were exported annually.

That figure fell slightly in :1960. ad t961 but, following that,

exports climbed steadily until, in 1968, they had almost doubled

to a figure jugstshort of o0 million pounds.
Harassment :
Unfortunately, as a result of political developments at this point,

there was a dramatic fall in production. Grenada had then achiev-

ed the constitutional status of a State in Association with Bri-;

tain. This involved for the politicians the pew-found freedom'

of internal self-government and, no longer restrained by the. aaid

of the "Mother Country", the then Premier, Eric Gairy, in the.in'-

terests of his trade unionlembarked on a campaign of harassment

of estate owners .
continued -


BANANA EXPORTS
1976 1980
Total Total Ayerage
Weight Value Price
Shipped Increase/ Shipped Increase/ Per lb
(Ibs) Decrease (ECS) Decrease (BCo)
1976 -34,028,879 7,739,843.06 .2274
1977 31.,9556,783 6.09% 8,503,421.46 + 9:'86% .2661
1978 31,329,521 1.96% 9,408,509,05 ,+10.64% ..30
1979 36,909,292 1.34% 9,822,400.68 + 4.40% ,;.178.
1980 26,481,669 14.32% 10,656,966.41 + 8.50% .4024





Issue To 31.1..80 ,THE GRENAA _NES LETTER Pag 5 .


The loss of confidence this occasioned in the agricultural co omun-

ity resulted ini.a falling.,oF export figures until, in 1973, the is-

land was able to export only some 27 million pounds of bananas.

Civil disturbances and a breakdown of law and order in 1974 brought

the low point and farmers were able to muster" only about 20 mill-

ion pounds of fruit for export.


There was some recovery in

1975 and 1976. Informed BANANA EXPORTS

sources say, however, that 17 98

there has been little ex- Million Millio
lb illior
.;i bs ; ,. " . C$
pension undertaken in co- Shipped .L. Earned

coa and nutmeg planting .
35
during the.last five years

and this has had its ef- -34-. -- ----10

fect. Traditionally, few :.33 .

pure stands of bananas 'are .32

planted in the-island and, 31 ,

as there has been minimal ,
30
-8 \
need to plant bananas as 1'
29 ____ _____
shade trees, banana produce 2 '

-tion has dropped annually 28- .. 7

S27
Additionally, disaster .
261
struck the Industry this --... 6|

year. Early in August,
1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
hurricane "Allen" swept

through the Windward Islands. Grenada suffered less damage than

St. Vincent, St. Lucia and Dominica, but Minister of Agriculture

Unison Whiteman estimated that 40% of the crop had been lost.


Not only was this physical loss an immediate blow to the Industry,

but it may have adverse long-term effects. Overall production

has been reduced dramatically in the Windward Islands as a result

of the hurricane damage to the plantations, and it is not expected

to recover until later next year. As a result, Geest Industries

has been forced to buy fruit from Central and South America. to
satisfy their United Kingdom market :-: r. R.J Hilbourne, Man&ginc
continued




Pace..6'= THE GRENADA NI~JtLETTER Issue to 31..12. 1980


Director of Geest, says this circumstance may make 1981 the "most'

critical year" in the-'his'ory of the Windwaid Islands Banana In-:

dustry.
-. ; : .Serious Effects. .
MriHilbQurnepoints out that;the British housewife now :has as much as

90'C of her bananas supplied from Central and South America, and, he

says, this could have serious effects on the market.


"Those bananas are of very high quality and are at no higher cost

than Windwards bananas", he says, "and, having had them for. so

many months, she( the British housewife) has had time .to.get ac-

,customed to them and it will be difficult to woo her away".


However difficult that wooing may be, Windward -Island production
,will be back to normal by the middle 6f next year and a market

mu st be found. 'About that time too, Grenada's baannas are ex-

pected .to. get a special boost. A Canadian Government funded

multi-million dollar rehabilitation schemo:is tto'be undertaken on

Sthe island's cocoa and nutmeg estates, and there wi ll be onsider-

Sable planting 'of bananas for, shade.


Against this. background, informed sources close to the Banana In-

dustry agree that 1981 will be a "critical year". It is not

enough that Grenada and Windward Island banana production will

,shortly be back to normal and increasing. The `fruit" must be

:sold and the question mark lies over the 'British market;


Windward'Island bananas are given protection on the.Britiph Mar-

ket but, because, as a result of hurricane damage, the Windwards

have not been able to supply her needs, the British housewife has

been offered and has become accustomed to the more attractive high

quality Central and South American fruit.


There are powerful interests fighting- the protection given to

Windward Island bananas. With the consumer as its ally, .these

interests are certain to redouble efforts to have that protection

removed and open the market to other bananas. The success or

failure of those efforts will have a profound effect on the future
of Grenada's Banana Industry.
( 970 words )
*-3W uFw





Issue to 31.12.1980 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7


GRENADA'C WINTER CRUISE SEASON DISAPPOINTING

Grenada's cruise liner trade exceeded'in 1979-the peak-record o6f

132,287 passenger arrivals attained in 1973. Civil unrest in 1974

caused the figures to plunge in that year to 57,644 arrivals, but

there was steady recovery from the following year and, i. 1979, a

new record was set. The 1973 figure was exceeded in that year

when Grenada welcomed 192 cruise liners carrying 136,308 passengers.


The record was broken again in 1980 but there ate indications that

this trade is declining. For the 1980 calendar year, 230 liners

landed 144,027 passengers, an increase of more than 5% compared

with the 1979 figure, but, when the statistics are looked at from

the angle of the Winter Cruise Liner Season October to May

a different picture emerges.


For the 1979/19U0 Season, 210 liners called at the island bringing

129,520 passengers. The original schedule for the current Season,

however, lists only 127 cruise liner calls and, already, that fig-

ure has been reduced. To December 31st, there have been two un-

scheduled calls but therere re 6 cancellations and, to that date,

only 14,178 passengers had arrived. Compared with the October to

December figure of 34,652 for the 1979/1980 Season, this represents

a fall in the 1980/1981 Season of over 59%.


Informed sources in the Commercial Community say effects of this

reduction in the Winter Cruise Liner Trade are being felt. Gaso-

lene vendors report that, as a result of less work available for

taxi drivers, there has been a fall in sales, and there are simi-

lar reports from organizations catering to the visitor trade.
( 263 words





( See Table Overleaf )



IIJ~lhYsW^ /M.~ f~,asy





a-e 8 *THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue to 31.12.1980


---CRUISE- LINER CALLS-& PASSENGERS
January ,To December.

1976 1977 1978 .979 ... 1980

Calls 180 179, 183 192 .230

Passengers ,103,367 105 925 .114,869 136,308 144,027


October to December

1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

Calls, , 44 43 . 48,. 51 -27.

Passengers 27,,356 29,036: .27,327 34,652 14,178


October to May

1976/7 1977/8 1978/9 1979/80

Calls 156 137 165 .

Passengers 87,855 85,068 108,375 129,520




CDB FINANCING FOR GRENADA

At its 62nd meeting held on December 18th, the Board of Directoxs

of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) conditionally approved a

loan of EC$370,000 to the Grenada Development Bank for Agricultur-

al and Industrial Credit, Farm Improvement Credit and Agricultural

Production Credit.


The Board also approved financing to the Government of Grenada

from CDB's Technical Assistance Fund for the services of a General

Manager/Training Officer for the Grenada Port Authority (GPA) and

a training programme for GPA personnel.


The Board noted prior approval given
of sub-projects under the CDB/USAID Basic Human Needs/Employment

Sector Project in Grenada and other Caribbean Community countries.
( 107 words )



GRENADIANS AT MEDICAL SCHOOL GET STIPEND

Nine Grenadian scholarship students attending the St. George's

University School of Medicine are to receive from the School a

stipend of EC$450.00 per term with effect from the commencement
of the current term. continued -




Issue to 31.12.1980 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9


Under an Agreement with the Government of Grenada, the

School grants scholarships to Grenadians every year and the

scholarships now in effect were awarded in the period 1977

to 1980.


Originally, these scholarships covered only tuition and

books, The stipend now to be given was negotiated on be-

half of the students by officials of the Ministry of Health.
( 92 words )




PRG EXPERIMENTS WITH BIOGAS

The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) is experimenting

with the production of biogas and, at a seminar concluded

on December 12th at the Mirabeau Farm School,constructed

plants on the Chinese, Guatemalan and Mexican models.


The seminar was organised under the direction'o' three in-

structors from the Latin American Energy Organisation

(OLADE) and, at the closing ceremony, Mr. Alfredo Parragua,

OLADE Director of biogas production,addressed the partici-

pants.


Mr. Parragua said his organisation had commenced biogas

production one year ago and the construction of many plants

in Latin America is projected over the next two years.

The first step, he said, is to produce small-scale plants

for families of small holdings and he gave as an example

the Chinese model which is small and can maintain a family

of 6 cooking 3 meals a day.


Biogas production is to be assisted also by Mr. Francois

Varagnat, an Agronomical Engineer who cameto Grenada in

mid-December on secondment from the French Government and

is expected to remain a year. The PanAmerican Health

Organisation(PAHO) identified, in 1975, the need for a

sewerage system in the Grand Anse area, and Mr. Varagnat

is to look into the possibility of using human waste from
this project, if it is undertaken, for the manufacture of
biogas. =V" .. ( 213 words )




ea- e 10 -THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue to 31.12.1980


GAIRY'S PASSPORT WITHDRAWN

Deposed Prime Minister Eric Matthew Gairy, now resident in the

United States of America, has had his passport withdrawn with

effect from December 19th.


By the authority of Peoples Law 40/1980, the Passport Law, the

Minister of Home Affairs may withdraw a passport at any time "and

a passport so withdrawn shall thereupon become void. Notice

(dated December 19th) of the withdrawal of Mr. Gairy's passport

was published in the Government Gazette of December 31st.


That notice also advises the withdrawal of the passport of Mr.

Stanley Cyrus. Mr. Cyrus, who taught at Howard University in

the United States and returned to Grenada after the revolution

of March 13th 1979, was arrested in October 1979. According to

official releases, Mr. Cyrus was guilty of attempting to "infil-

trade the New Jewel Movement"' and; has .connections with the United

States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)..


In keeping with a promise 'made by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop

at the time of the celebration of the first anniversary of the

March 13th 1979 revolution, thirteen detainees were released to

mark the occasion. Mr, Cyrus was one of these detainees who'were

released on March 25th 1980, and he.left the island soon after.


According to the withdrawal notice in the Gazette, Mr. Gairy's

passport was numbered D000167 and was issued in Grenada on Sept-

ember 9th 1978. Mr. Cyrus' passport was numbered 031692 and

was issued in Grenada on September 12th 1977.

( 236 words )



CRUISE LINER CALLS

The last statistics given for cruise liner calls were in, NEWS-

LETTER for the week ending August 30th 1980 and covered calls

up to the week ending August 21st 1980.


The following additional statistics are now available:-


: continued -





THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER


August



September


September'


September


September


September
October
October


October
October
November
November-


November


November
December



December


December



December


December


26th
28th
29th

2nd
4th
5th


"Cunard Countess"'
"Britanis"
"Carla C"

"Cunard Countess"
"Britanis"
"Fair Wind"


9th "Cunard Countess"
1lth "Britanis"


16th
19th

22nd
23rd

30th
9th
14th
15th

22nd
29th
5th
llth
12th

25th
26th

30th
2nd
3rd
4th

7th
7th
9th
10th

14th
15th
16th

21st
23rd
26th

28th


"Cunard Countess"
"Fair Wind"

"Cunard Princess"
"Cunard Countess"

"Cunard Countess"
"Fair' Wind""
"Cunard Countess"
"Carla C"

"Carla C"
"Carla C"
"Carla C"
"Cunard Countess"
"Carla C"

"Cunard Countess"
"Carla C"

"Antonina Nezhdanova"
"Cunard Countess"
"Carla C"
"Danac"

"Mikhail Lermontov"
"Antonina Nezhdanova"
"Cunard Countess"
"Carla C"

"Antonina Nezhdanova"
"Berlin"
"Cunard Countess"

"Antonina Nezhdanova"
"Cunard Countess"
"Victoria"

"Antonina Nezhdanova"


SPasse.gers
519
:1034
819
2372
632
608
983
2223 :
350
546
896
734
936
1670
755
736
1491
672
S940
708.
742
1450
737
744
635
704
639
1=44
S746
764
1510


595
601
269


1466
1538
243
61
746
659
1709
85
156
644
885
62
752
474
1288


Week Ending



30.8.80



6. 9.80


13. 9.80


20. 9.80


27. 9.80
4.10.80
11.10.80


18.10.80
25.10.80
1.11.80
8.11.80


15 11.80


29.1 1.80


6.12.80




13.12.80


20.12.80



27.12.80


Issue to 31.,12,.,980


Page 11


r*~c"z~l
~"~:*----;~~i




:e 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue to 31.I4,1280O


NEWS SHORTS
Coffee Plant In Production
During the period September to November, Government's coffee pro-

cessing plant produced 3,700 pounds. This product, a mixture of

coffee beans grown locally and imported from Guyana, is marketed

locally, at EC$8.50 per pound under the brand name "Cafe Noir".
( 41 words ),


Jackie Bailey Returns

Bomb blast victim Jackie Bailey, returned to Grenada on December

14th from Cuba where she was fitted with an artificial leg. Miss

Bailey was ,one of the persons injured when a bomb exploded at a

rally on June 19th last. Her sister, Bernadette Bailey was one

of three persons who died in the blast,.
( 54 words ))


Harold Strachan Day Commemorated

The memory of Harold Strachan was honoured on .December 27th, the

day on which he was killed, allegedly by a bullet from the gun of

one of deposed Prime Minister Gairy's "mongoose gang". Strachan

was a member of the New Jewel Movement and, the anniversary of his

death has been made an official National Day.

( 55 words )


o'z use & Land Survey

The Department of Inland Revenue announced on December 10th that

a house and land survey is to be undertaken commencing January 2nd.

The purpose of the survey is to gather data'"which is important in

planning for future development and to maintain uniformity in val-

ues for the purpose of Land and House Tax."

( 53 wcrds )


New Budget Advisor

Mr. Tony Harris has arrived in Grenada on a one year assignment

from the International Monetary Fund (IMF)-as Budget Advisor to

the Ministry of Finance. Mr. Harris replaces Mr. Eric Thorn who

left Grenada early in December after having completed his term as

IMF Budget Advisor
t ( 47 words )




THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER


PRG Sends Condolence- To USSR

The Peoples Revolutionary Government has sent "sincere and profound

condolences" to the Government and people of the Union of Soviet

Socialist Republics (USSR) on the recent death of former USSR Prime

Minister Alexei Kosigyn. The message was sent through the USSR

Embassy in Jamaica.

mm ( 44 words )


Interim Retail Price Index

The Interim Retail Price Index published by the Central Statistical

Office of the Government of Grenada shows a rise in prices of 51.7

points since the Index was established in January 1979. The in-

crease since January 1980 is 26.10% and the general rise in prices

from November 1980 to year's end is 2.22%.

( 56 words )


** 5-"" ^. ~ .


blister Hughes
31st December 1980


Issue to 31.12.1980


,,fe




Full Text