This item is only available as the following downloads:
Volume 8 Number 18
End of Year Issue 31st December 1980
8th Year of Publication - 251st "IsSUe
DISPUTE ON DOCKS
An industrial dispute developed on the docks at St. George's on
December 30th when the Danish cargo ship "Mercandian Moon" ar-
rived froh Antwerp with some 202 tons of dried skimmed milk con-
signed to the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG).
The ship's agents Peo. F. Huggins & Co. Ltd., requested the Sea-
men & Waterfront Workers Union (SWWU) to supply men to work on
the ship and on the docks. tinloading did not commence, however
because, shortly'after the ship arrived, a PRA representative
told SWWU that the dock gan. wexe qQt required the qgame *em-
ployed on the ship objected tto. this iand refaed to discharge tlie
vessel. . ; '
The milk is a gift from the Commission of the European Communi-
ties (CEC) and it was sent to. Grenadaon a "free along side"(FAS)
basis, that is, that all charges from the ship's si-`b to' bet
paid by the consignee, The PRG, the consignee aof tke milk, did
not rdluire a SWWU dock gang because it wished to supply Sti bwn
labour to warehouse the ,i}k.,
SWWU is the recognized bargaining agent for all ships handled by
Grenada Shipping Agents (GSA), of which Geo. F. Huggins & Co.Ltd,
is a meiiber, and, when this problem developed, SWWU immediately
S- ctiinaed -'
P0 Box 65, StAGaorgle, Grt* ad, W atM dies
in mJT '--n 1 i -s I 1*- *~l I n lllluliue
S:sue To 31.12.1980 THE GRENADA NEWSLETT age 2 ,
requested and held a meeting with GSA. Following that meet-
ing, GSA wrote..the Minister'.bf Finance, -Trade, 'Industry & Plax-
ning advising that S U claimstha pdirteir contr cZ he
Ships Agents must engage-union -labour- to warehouse the cargo
in the transit sheds. :...
"As a solution to tIhe present impasse", the betterr said,,:"we sug-
gest the following:- ..
, That Government proVides trucking"to remove the"-- -.-
cargo and have it stored outside the Pier compound.
2. That the Ship's Agent be contracted, by Government .,
to engage unionised labour for the handling and.
storage of the cargo on the pier".
The Minister did.not -respond to these suggestions but, at, the
request of the PRG, the Managing Director of Geo., F. Huggins & .
Co. ltd., Mr. Richard Menezes, met with Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and his Cabinet on the evening of the 30th.
M. Menexes told NEWSLETTER ne t day t Mr. .Bishop, had made it
clear that the.:RG respected the rights o6f~tSWt t" discharge the
nxIlk from the ship, but he said the PRG has no contract with
'3WWU for warehousing the cargo and the PRG did not intend to nove,
xrom its decision to warehouse the milk with its own labour .
hne showdown..came. at'4 .O0 p.m. On'th.9 3tit when: te ship's agents
";ked SwWV,, to. provide ,two teams, to discharge the ship. Gove n-
*r. G ov |e.r t
ment labour, was j:n .hand tbreceive"the dcago from lthe ship's'
slings but the SWWU men did not man the 'inches." For nearly
two hours there were discussions o rrhe docks between PRG re-
2 t ( :i ; : 22 2* i22 2
presentative Mr. Valentino Sawney, SWWU Secretary Mr. ric .Pierre.
and the Agents Representative Mr. Walter St. John. No Compro-
iqise could be 3eap hed. and Mr. Sawney told NEWSLETTER it had been
decided that the PRG would both discharge the cargo and ware -
Page 3 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue To 31.12. 190
Viewing these developments. on the dock was Mr. Alberto Ferrari, Re-
sident Representative of the. CEC-. Mr. Ferrari told NEWSLETTER
this skimmed milk which was made in Belgium, is the third shipment
of aid given to Grenada by CEC. Two shipments of skimmed milk
were received in 1979, one of 400 tons and one of 200 tons.
In a press release issued by SWWU on December 31st, the Union said
that, at a General Meeting called that day, "the workers received
full support for the action taken by them". It said also that"the
PRG did not act in the best interest of industrial relations in
this country"', and that "this Union would not stand idly by and see
the just claims and rights of their members in particular, nor
those 6f' trub'trade unionists or trade unionism in general denied".
The SWWU Executive is to meet shortly to consider Government's act-
ion in this'matter.
( 662 words )
1981: CRITICAL YEAR FOR BANANAS
Grenada's banana production ha declined considerably since 1976 and
by 1980, export figures had dropped some 22% during the last five-
year period,. Together with the other islands of the Windward group,
Grenada"s entire banana crop is bought by the British firm of Geest
Industries Ltd. and, in i976, Geest ships loaded just over 34 mill-
ion pounds of fruit at Grenada. In 1980, that figure haW dropped
to 27 million pounds.
In spite of reduced export tonnage, however, Grenadian farmers earn-
ed more money every year. In 1976, at an average price or ECc22
per pound, earnings were EC$7.7 million. IAnnual increases lifted
the average price to ECC40 per pound in 1980, and earnings reached a
record EC$i6.5 million.
The staggering 82-7 5-year increase in average prices is readily ex-
plained by world inflation,and does not reflect a corresponding in-
creased return to the farmer. To understand the production fall,
however, a: d to assess prospects for .the future, the birth of the
.t-ac ...- THE'GRENADA NEWSLETER ssue *To-.. l2S '
Banana Industry, the history Of its disasters a'n" the chtcua-
stances of its operation must be examined.
Grenada first planted bananas commercially in 1953. It was on
a small scale but, two years later, hurricane "Janet" devastated
the island's estates and created a situation which gave strong
impetus to the Industty.
The Grenadian farmer, traditionally, plants orchard crops. Co-
coa has been his economic mainstay since 1714,and-nutmegs for,the
last century. So, following the "Janet" disaster, his first con-
cern was to replant the cocoa and nutmeg fields. The young
plants needed shade and extensive use made of the banana plant for.
this purpose gave banana cultivation its real start in the island.
By 1959, as rehabilitation of the cocoa and nutmeg estates pro.
ccededd, over 30, million pounds of bananas were exported annually.
That figure fell slightly in :1960. ad t961 but, following that,
exports climbed steadily until, in 1968, they had almost doubled
to a figure jugstshort of o0 million pounds.
Unfortunately, as a result of political developments at this point,
there was a dramatic fall in production. Grenada had then achiev-
ed the constitutional status of a State in Association with Bri-;
tain. This involved for the politicians the pew-found freedom'
of internal self-government and, no longer restrained by the. aaid
of the "Mother Country", the then Premier, Eric Gairy, in the.in'-
terests of his trade unionlembarked on a campaign of harassment
of estate owners .
Total Total Ayerage
Weight Value Price
Shipped Increase/ Shipped Increase/ Per lb
(Ibs) Decrease (ECS) Decrease (BCo)
1976 -34,028,879 7,739,843.06 .2274
1977 31.,9556,783 6.09% 8,503,421.46 + 9:'86% .2661
1978 31,329,521 1.96% 9,408,509,05 ,+10.64% ..30
1979 36,909,292 1.34% 9,822,400.68 + 4.40% ,;.178.
1980 26,481,669 14.32% 10,656,966.41 + 8.50% .4024
Issue To 31.1..80 ,THE GRENAA _NES LETTER Pag 5 .
The loss of confidence this occasioned in the agricultural co omun-
ity resulted ini.a falling.,oF export figures until, in 1973, the is-
land was able to export only some 27 million pounds of bananas.
Civil disturbances and a breakdown of law and order in 1974 brought
the low point and farmers were able to muster" only about 20 mill-
ion pounds of fruit for export.
There was some recovery in
1975 and 1976. Informed BANANA EXPORTS
sources say, however, that 17 98
there has been little ex- Million Millio
.;i bs ; ,. " . C$
pension undertaken in co- Shipped .L. Earned
coa and nutmeg planting .
during the.last five years
and this has had its ef- -34-. -- ----10
fect. Traditionally, few :.33 .
pure stands of bananas 'are .32
planted in the-island and, 31 ,
as there has been minimal ,
need to plant bananas as 1'
29 ____ _____
shade trees, banana produce 2 '
-tion has dropped annually 28- .. 7
Additionally, disaster .
struck the Industry this --... 6|
year. Early in August,
1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
hurricane "Allen" swept
through the Windward Islands. Grenada suffered less damage than
St. Vincent, St. Lucia and Dominica, but Minister of Agriculture
Unison Whiteman estimated that 40% of the crop had been lost.
Not only was this physical loss an immediate blow to the Industry,
but it may have adverse long-term effects. Overall production
has been reduced dramatically in the Windward Islands as a result
of the hurricane damage to the plantations, and it is not expected
to recover until later next year. As a result, Geest Industries
has been forced to buy fruit from Central and South America. to
satisfy their United Kingdom market :-: r. R.J Hilbourne, Man&ginc
Pace..6'= THE GRENADA NI~JtLETTER Issue to 31..12. 1980
Director of Geest, says this circumstance may make 1981 the "most'
critical year" in the-'his'ory of the Windwaid Islands Banana In-:
-. ; : .Serious Effects. .
MriHilbQurnepoints out that;the British housewife now :has as much as
90'C of her bananas supplied from Central and South America, and, he
says, this could have serious effects on the market.
"Those bananas are of very high quality and are at no higher cost
than Windwards bananas", he says, "and, having had them for. so
many months, she( the British housewife) has had time .to.get ac-
,customed to them and it will be difficult to woo her away".
However difficult that wooing may be, Windward -Island production
,will be back to normal by the middle 6f next year and a market
mu st be found. 'About that time too, Grenada's baannas are ex-
pected .to. get a special boost. A Canadian Government funded
multi-million dollar rehabilitation schemo:is tto'be undertaken on
Sthe island's cocoa and nutmeg estates, and there wi ll be onsider-
Sable planting 'of bananas for, shade.
Against this. background, informed sources close to the Banana In-
dustry agree that 1981 will be a "critical year". It is not
enough that Grenada and Windward Island banana production will
,shortly be back to normal and increasing. The `fruit" must be
:sold and the question mark lies over the 'British market;
Windward'Island bananas are given protection on the.Britiph Mar-
ket but, because, as a result of hurricane damage, the Windwards
have not been able to supply her needs, the British housewife has
been offered and has become accustomed to the more attractive high
quality Central and South American fruit.
There are powerful interests fighting- the protection given to
Windward Island bananas. With the consumer as its ally, .these
interests are certain to redouble efforts to have that protection
removed and open the market to other bananas. The success or
failure of those efforts will have a profound effect on the future
of Grenada's Banana Industry.
( 970 words )
Issue to 31.12.1980 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7
GRENADA'C WINTER CRUISE SEASON DISAPPOINTING
Grenada's cruise liner trade exceeded'in 1979-the peak-record o6f
132,287 passenger arrivals attained in 1973. Civil unrest in 1974
caused the figures to plunge in that year to 57,644 arrivals, but
there was steady recovery from the following year and, i. 1979, a
new record was set. The 1973 figure was exceeded in that year
when Grenada welcomed 192 cruise liners carrying 136,308 passengers.
The record was broken again in 1980 but there ate indications that
this trade is declining. For the 1980 calendar year, 230 liners
landed 144,027 passengers, an increase of more than 5% compared
with the 1979 figure, but, when the statistics are looked at from
the angle of the Winter Cruise Liner Season October to May
a different picture emerges.
For the 1979/19U0 Season, 210 liners called at the island bringing
129,520 passengers. The original schedule for the current Season,
however, lists only 127 cruise liner calls and, already, that fig-
ure has been reduced. To December 31st, there have been two un-
scheduled calls but therere re 6 cancellations and, to that date,
only 14,178 passengers had arrived. Compared with the October to
December figure of 34,652 for the 1979/1980 Season, this represents
a fall in the 1980/1981 Season of over 59%.
Informed sources in the Commercial Community say effects of this
reduction in the Winter Cruise Liner Trade are being felt. Gaso-
lene vendors report that, as a result of less work available for
taxi drivers, there has been a fall in sales, and there are simi-
lar reports from organizations catering to the visitor trade.
( 263 words
( See Table Overleaf )
IIJ~lhYsW^ /M.~ f~,asy
a-e 8 *THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue to 31.12.1980
---CRUISE- LINER CALLS-& PASSENGERS
January ,To December.
1976 1977 1978 .979 ... 1980
Calls 180 179, 183 192 .230
Passengers ,103,367 105 925 .114,869 136,308 144,027
October to December
1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
Calls, , 44 43 . 48,. 51 -27.
Passengers 27,,356 29,036: .27,327 34,652 14,178
October to May
1976/7 1977/8 1978/9 1979/80
Calls 156 137 165 .
Passengers 87,855 85,068 108,375 129,520
CDB FINANCING FOR GRENADA
At its 62nd meeting held on December 18th, the Board of Directoxs
of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) conditionally approved a
loan of EC$370,000 to the Grenada Development Bank for Agricultur-
al and Industrial Credit, Farm Improvement Credit and Agricultural
The Board also approved financing to the Government of Grenada
from CDB's Technical Assistance Fund for the services of a General
Manager/Training Officer for the Grenada Port Authority (GPA) and
a training programme for GPA personnel.
The Board noted prior approval given
of sub-projects under the CDB/USAID Basic Human Needs/Employment
Sector Project in Grenada and other Caribbean Community countries.
( 107 words )
GRENADIANS AT MEDICAL SCHOOL GET STIPEND
Nine Grenadian scholarship students attending the St. George's
University School of Medicine are to receive from the School a
stipend of EC$450.00 per term with effect from the commencement
of the current term. continued -
Issue to 31.12.1980 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
Under an Agreement with the Government of Grenada, the
School grants scholarships to Grenadians every year and the
scholarships now in effect were awarded in the period 1977
Originally, these scholarships covered only tuition and
books, The stipend now to be given was negotiated on be-
half of the students by officials of the Ministry of Health.
( 92 words )
PRG EXPERIMENTS WITH BIOGAS
The Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) is experimenting
with the production of biogas and, at a seminar concluded
on December 12th at the Mirabeau Farm School,constructed
plants on the Chinese, Guatemalan and Mexican models.
The seminar was organised under the direction'o' three in-
structors from the Latin American Energy Organisation
(OLADE) and, at the closing ceremony, Mr. Alfredo Parragua,
OLADE Director of biogas production,addressed the partici-
Mr. Parragua said his organisation had commenced biogas
production one year ago and the construction of many plants
in Latin America is projected over the next two years.
The first step, he said, is to produce small-scale plants
for families of small holdings and he gave as an example
the Chinese model which is small and can maintain a family
of 6 cooking 3 meals a day.
Biogas production is to be assisted also by Mr. Francois
Varagnat, an Agronomical Engineer who cameto Grenada in
mid-December on secondment from the French Government and
is expected to remain a year. The PanAmerican Health
Organisation(PAHO) identified, in 1975, the need for a
sewerage system in the Grand Anse area, and Mr. Varagnat
is to look into the possibility of using human waste from
this project, if it is undertaken, for the manufacture of
biogas. =V" .. ( 213 words )
ea- e 10 -THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue to 31.12.1980
GAIRY'S PASSPORT WITHDRAWN
Deposed Prime Minister Eric Matthew Gairy, now resident in the
United States of America, has had his passport withdrawn with
effect from December 19th.
By the authority of Peoples Law 40/1980, the Passport Law, the
Minister of Home Affairs may withdraw a passport at any time "and
a passport so withdrawn shall thereupon become void. Notice
(dated December 19th) of the withdrawal of Mr. Gairy's passport
was published in the Government Gazette of December 31st.
That notice also advises the withdrawal of the passport of Mr.
Stanley Cyrus. Mr. Cyrus, who taught at Howard University in
the United States and returned to Grenada after the revolution
of March 13th 1979, was arrested in October 1979. According to
official releases, Mr. Cyrus was guilty of attempting to "infil-
trade the New Jewel Movement"' and; has .connections with the United
States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)..
In keeping with a promise 'made by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
at the time of the celebration of the first anniversary of the
March 13th 1979 revolution, thirteen detainees were released to
mark the occasion. Mr, Cyrus was one of these detainees who'were
released on March 25th 1980, and he.left the island soon after.
According to the withdrawal notice in the Gazette, Mr. Gairy's
passport was numbered D000167 and was issued in Grenada on Sept-
ember 9th 1978. Mr. Cyrus' passport was numbered 031692 and
was issued in Grenada on September 12th 1977.
( 236 words )
CRUISE LINER CALLS
The last statistics given for cruise liner calls were in, NEWS-
LETTER for the week ending August 30th 1980 and covered calls
up to the week ending August 21st 1980.
The following additional statistics are now available:-
: continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
9th "Cunard Countess"
Issue to 31.,12,.,980
:e 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Issue to 31.I4,1280O
Coffee Plant In Production
During the period September to November, Government's coffee pro-
cessing plant produced 3,700 pounds. This product, a mixture of
coffee beans grown locally and imported from Guyana, is marketed
locally, at EC$8.50 per pound under the brand name "Cafe Noir".
( 41 words ),
Jackie Bailey Returns
Bomb blast victim Jackie Bailey, returned to Grenada on December
14th from Cuba where she was fitted with an artificial leg. Miss
Bailey was ,one of the persons injured when a bomb exploded at a
rally on June 19th last. Her sister, Bernadette Bailey was one
of three persons who died in the blast,.
( 54 words ))
Harold Strachan Day Commemorated
The memory of Harold Strachan was honoured on .December 27th, the
day on which he was killed, allegedly by a bullet from the gun of
one of deposed Prime Minister Gairy's "mongoose gang". Strachan
was a member of the New Jewel Movement and, the anniversary of his
death has been made an official National Day.
( 55 words )
o'z use & Land Survey
The Department of Inland Revenue announced on December 10th that
a house and land survey is to be undertaken commencing January 2nd.
The purpose of the survey is to gather data'"which is important in
planning for future development and to maintain uniformity in val-
ues for the purpose of Land and House Tax."
( 53 wcrds )
New Budget Advisor
Mr. Tony Harris has arrived in Grenada on a one year assignment
from the International Monetary Fund (IMF)-as Budget Advisor to
the Ministry of Finance. Mr. Harris replaces Mr. Eric Thorn who
left Grenada early in December after having completed his term as
IMF Budget Advisor
t ( 47 words )
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
PRG Sends Condolence- To USSR
The Peoples Revolutionary Government has sent "sincere and profound
condolences" to the Government and people of the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics (USSR) on the recent death of former USSR Prime
Minister Alexei Kosigyn. The message was sent through the USSR
Embassy in Jamaica.
mm ( 44 words )
Interim Retail Price Index
The Interim Retail Price Index published by the Central Statistical
Office of the Government of Grenada shows a rise in prices of 51.7
points since the Index was established in January 1979. The in-
crease since January 1980 is 26.10% and the general rise in prices
from November 1980 to year's end is 2.22%.
( 56 words )
** 5-"" ^. ~ .
31st December 1980
Issue to 31.12.1980