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Volume 8 Nu~ber 16
For The Week Ending 29th November 1980
8th Year Of Publication -- --249th Issue
FIVE YOUNG IEN GUNNED .DO
Five young men were gunned to death on the night of November
17th in two separate incid ts which Police sources suspect
are manifestations of terrorist activity.
Shortly after eleven o'clock that evening, residents of the
Plains area in the Parish of St Patricks .at the north end of the
island heard gunfire lasting two to three minutes, but it was
not until around dawn that discovery was made of a blue Morris
Mini Car, registration number 668, with the bullet ridden
bodies of four young men.
The car belonged to Donald Stanisclaus, 29, and his body was in
the drivers seat on the right hand side. The bodies of two
of his friends, Andy Courtenay,18, and Stephen Lalsee, 20, Were-
in the back seat. The driver's door was open and the body
of Donald's brother, Dennis,32, who was on holiday from the
United Kingdom, was lying crumpled in the road on the driver's
side of the car with its head in the carts doorway.
Times have not been established, but it appears that, about the
time of this shooting, an abandoned Militia camp at Mt.Rose,
about two miles away, was attacked and a man whose name has
been given as Evan Charles, was killed by gun fire.
PI Brodoed & Printed by Alifter & Cynthia Hughes
PO Bo0 x 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindioes
~~-` -------"- --
Page 2 TI GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week:' ding 29.11.80
NEWSLETTER arrived at Plains about.tenh o'clock on, the morning
after the shooting. .The four bodies 'had already been
moved but the car was in place as found. It was on the left
side of the road facing in -the direction of the town of Sauteurs
about 4 miles away, its switch key was turned on, the wind-
shield wipers were upright and -the handbrake was down.
Blood & Glass
All the glasses of the car were smashed, over 30 bullet holes
(apparently of different calibre) were counted, the seats were
soaked in blood and there were pools of blood and broken glass
on the floor boards.- The Police and Peoples Revolutionary
Army were present investigating and there were hundreds of on-
Donald Stanisclaus is reported to be the head of the military
Cadet Corps in St.Patrick's Parish and is also a Sergeant of
Police attached to Pearls, airport. Both Lalsee and Courtenay
are also said to be connected with the St.Patricks Cadet Corps'.
The Stanisclaus brothers are brothers to Superintendent of
Police Raphael Stanisclaus, and Courtenay is the son of Police
Inspector Winston Courtenay who has been a detainee since last
This is the third shooting incident in St Patricks in the last
four and a half months. The first occurred on July 4th' when a
Militia Camp at Mt. Reuil was attacked and a member of the PRA
and a member of the Militia were wounded. The second was on
September 19th when Joseph Charles, suspected of having taken part
in the first shooting, was killed by Security Forces.
Commissioner of Police James Clarkson confirmed to NEWSLETTER on
November 20th that four men were "assisting the Police" in the
investigation of the Plains and Mt Rose shootings, and NEWSLETTER
asked the Commissioner to comment on a report that terrorists
made the attack at Mt Rose and the PRA was alerted and went into
action. The report says the four men in the car at Plains
died as a result of mistaken identity by the PRA.
- Continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
"The police have heard many rumours in connection with this
incident", Mr Clarkson said, "and every lead is being investigated
but, as yet, we have nothing definite to go on and there is no
official statement to be made."
ASSASSINATED MEN BURIED
Thousands of Grenadians crowded the Roman Catholic Church and
Churchyard at Sauteurs, St. Patricks on the afternoon of November
23rd to be present at the funeral of five young men gunned down in
unexplained circumstances on the hight of November 17th.
The bullet ridden bodies of four of these men were found in a car
at Plains, St Patricks, dh Tuesday 18th November, .and the fifth was
shot and killed at an abandoned Militia Camp about two miles away
sometime during the night before.
The funeral was jointly conducted by Roman Cathotic Priest Patrick
MacCormac and Anglican Priest Hermon Bhola and, addressing the
congregation, Father MacCormac pleaded that there should be no
thought of revenge. The attitude should be, he said, "forgive
them for they knew not what they did."
"I am an Irishman", Father MacCormac said, "and I know that civil
war is the l.worst thing that can happen to a country. If you
seek revenge for this act, you have no thought for the welfare of
There was tight security at the funeral, armed, uniformed members
of the Peoples Revolutionary Army being stationed at intervals for
miles on the approach roads to Sauteurs. In the vicinity of the
church, some people were searched including Dr Rupert Japal.
Dr Japal, a member of the Grenada National Party (GNP), was an
unsuccessful candidate in the 1976 General Elections which GNP
fought on a joint manifesto with Mr Maurice Bishop's New Jewel
Movement and Mr Winston Whyte's United People's Party.
- continued -
Week Ending 29.11'. 30
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Dr Japal was arrested on November 6th last year and was released
on March 25th last. Mr Whyte was detained on October 15th last
year and is still held at Richmbnd Hill prisons.
Some 800 students demonstrated through the streets of St Georges on
Thursday November 20th in protest against the slaying of five young
men on the night of November 17th.
The bullet ridden bodies of four of these men were found in a car on
the morning of Novemb4r.18th, and the fifth was shot and killed at
an abandoned Militia camp about two miles away from where the four
were found. No one has been arrested ih connection with these
incidents but four men are reported to be "assisting the Police"
in their investigations. 1
The demonstration bas led by a banner reading; I'Revolution has ,no
room for terrorist (sic), join the Militia and fight terrorism", and
dozens of placards carried by the students indicated belief that the
killings were the work of terrorists.
Most of the students were in school uniform and some identified were
from the State owned Grenada Boys Secondary School, the Anglican
High School and the Roman Catholic St Joseph's Convent..- The age
group ranged from pre-teen upward and there were five or six adult
cheer leaders. The atmosphere was a carnival one reminiscent of
the anti-Gairy demonstrations of 1974 and the favourite chant
appeared to be "They touch Bishop, they touch us too".
Leading the demonstration was a car with four members of the
Militia of which at least one was armed with a submachine gun.
Also on guard, on foot, Were some half dozen members of the People's
Revolutionary Army in camouflaged uniforms and carrying automatic
Week Ending 29.i 80
week Enaing 29.11.80u THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5
BISHOP/ADAMS "WAR OF WORDS" CONTINUES
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told a rally of some 3000 to 4000
persons on November 16th that, in his "war of words" with Prime
Minister Tom Adams of Barbados, he could have written a 'nice note'
in diplomatic language to the Barbadian Government. However, he
said, he had used other language with a specific purpose.
"We wanted to use language that the masses, not only in our country
but in the Caribbean, will understand", he said. "So, long nose
Uncle Tom, dirty mouth Uncle Tom will get the message once and for
all, leave the people of Grenada alone, hands off Grenada, get your
dirty mouth out of Grenada's business, don't poke your long nose into
Grenada's business !!!"
The controversy between Mr Bishop and Mr Adams started on November
4th when Mr Adams publicly called on the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) to hold the General Elections it had promised soon
after the revolution of March 13th 1979. Mr Bishop heatedly
replied with the accusation that Mr Adams is interfering in
Grenada's internal affairs. He also dubbed Mr Adams a "yard
fowl" and accused him of being an "Uncle Tom" to the United States
"Like an expectant dog barking for his supper", Prime Minister
Bishop said, "he (Mr Adams) rushes in to please his new master,
(Ronald Reagan, like all good yard fowls, by attacking Grenada."
The rally on November 16th was held at Seamoon, an abandoned race
track on the east coast near to pearls airport, and commemorated
"Bloody Sunday", an incident in 1973 when six members of the New
Jewel Movement were attacked by then Premier Eric Gairy's "Mongoose
Gang" of paid criminals.
Mr Bishop, Mr Unison Whiteman (now Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries & Tourism) and Mr Selwyn Strachan (now Minister of
Communications, Works and Labour), were badly beaten and injured,
and the six were held incommunicado for 24 hours even though
urgently in need of medical attention. This incident raised
great public concern and was the basis on which Mr Gairy was forced
-r -- t ^^
Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80
to appoint the Ouffus Commission of -Inquiry into the breakdown of
law ana order in Grenada.
Addressing the rally, Mr Bishop said that, when a person is in a
position of strength, he must be magnanimous and, since Mr Adams
had asked for an explanation of his (Mr Bishop's) remarks, he would
give it to him.
The Prime Minister said the reason why he had called Mr Adams a
'yard fowl" is that, in the days of slavery, there were two types
of slave, the 'field slave' and the 'house slave'. The field
slave cut sugar cane under the master's whip, he said, and thought
only about freedom and "how to plan revolution". They were the
"genuine fighters", Mr Bishop said, and Grenadians are their
Kick Me Please
The house slaves, on the other hand, Mr Bishop said, did no work
in the fields and, every time the master passed, they put on smiles
and there was a "bending and bowing and scraping" to the extent
that their heads touched the ground. "And every time they see
master", the Prime Minister said, "they say, 'yes master, please
master, no master, thank you master, kick me please master'."
Mr Bishop said it was the house type slave which had been called
'Uncle Tom', and he wanted his listeners to understand that, when
Mr.Adams had been given the name of 'Tom" at birth, it was a
"scientific.-name". "They called him 'Tom' ", he said, "because
they knew he was an Uncle Tom house slave"
The Prime Minister defined a 'yard fowl' as one which "will kill
his mother for'ten cents", and one which will "bend and bow and
scrape to any extent and any level to get two grains of corn
falling off master's table."
"That:fis hy", he said, "Uncle Tom could not even wait for the people
in America to finish counting their election votes. Uncle Tom
took no chance. He said, 'I'm not waiting for Reagan to say he's
President. Before they say he's President, I say he's President.
I take in front, I want my corn from now.' "
Week Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7
Mr Bishop said the United States has a "backyard policy" of
believing that the Caribbean is her back yard and "when they spit,
we must open our mouths and collect it. He said Grenadians have
declared they are in nobody's back yard but, wherever there is a
back yard there must be a "yard fowl" and that is the role Mr Adams
"That is the explanation and that is the apology that the free people
of revolutionary Grenada send to Uncle Tom", the Prime Minister said,
Mr Bishop said he was disclosing for the first time the fact that
Mr Adams, in the first days of the revolution, "was spending every
effort" to try to stop the United States, Britain, Canada and
France from giving recognition to the revolutionary government.
"This man", he said, "is now going around pretending that it was
because of him that the Government of the United Kingdom gave
recognition to our Government and our country. The opposite is
true. The fact is that he spent several days trying to block that
Mr Bishop said Mr Adams has a "history of constant interference and
constant aggression against the people of Grenada and the Grenada
revolution." He said that, in the early days of the revolution
when there was a move "by some of these people" to try to stop Liat
airlines from coming to Grenada, "Tom Adams was one of the main
people involved in trying to push this move."
The Prime Minister said that, during the first weeks of the
revolution, Prime Minister Adams and Barbados' Foreign Minister
Henry Forde made hostile statements against the Grenada revolution
and people. He said also that the "Beacon", the official organ
of Mr Adams' Barbados Labour Party, has consistently attacked the
Mr Bishop said the "Beacon" of September 26th last "tried to attack
our fraternal allies and friends from Cuba", and he quoted the
following from that publication :-
"The Cubans recently detained a Magistrate and it was
only after the intervention of the Commissioner of
~_ ~ ~f __ __ ^^
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWLSLETTF_ Week Ending _29.11.80
Police that the Magistrate was released."
"Not even in Grenada itself have I heard the rumour by even the most
vicious counter-revolutionaries even saying that any Magistrate was
ever detained", Mr Bishop said, "but here you have Uncle Tom Adams
and his Party newspaper saying that our Cuban comrades detained a
The Prime Minister accused Mr Adams of being part of a conspiracy
and an accessory before and after the fact to criminal offences
attempted to be committed" in Grenada. He said the Peoples
Revolutionary-Government now knows "from what Adams himself has
said" that people have been phoning him (Mr Adams) over the last
few months, after midnight, using his private unlisted.telephone
number, calling on him to assist in the overthrow of the PRG.
"But observe carefully", Mr Bishop said,-"the first time Adams has
told the people of Grenada,. the Government of Grenada, the people
of Barbados and the people of the Caribbean of this is a few days
Mr Bishop said Mr Adams suppression of this "key and vital"
information "threatening the survival of a.Government in the
Caribbean" shows clearly that the Prime Minister of Barbados "has
been involved for some time now in plotting and planning and
scheming to see if he could find ways of overthrowing our Government."
'If Uncle Tom is seriously thinking of maintaining any dreams of
bverthrowing'this revolution", Mr Bishop said, "maintaining any
dreams of helping people to attack our country, if, most amusingly
of all, Uncle Tom is thinking of himself coming down to our country
in a hostile way, he will discover that the people of free
revolutionary Grenada are ready, willing and prepared to fight and
die to defend our revolution."
Week Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9
TWO WANTED MEN KILLED
Security Forces shot and killed two wanted men on November 28th.
Full details are unavailable but reports say the shooting took place
in the Mt.Reuil area in the Parish of St Patricks.
The names of the dead men are given as Glen Simon alias Habib Ali
and Wilber Charles alias Ayub,
Last July 4th there was a shooting incident in the Mt.Reuil area in
which a member of the Peoples Revolutionary Army and a member of the
Militia were wounded, and it is alleged that Simon and Charles
together with Mikey James and Joseph Charles alias Yussuf Abdul
were involved in the incident and were responsible for the
The four men were put on the 'wanted list and Joseph Charles was
shot and killed by Security Forces on September 19th.
An unconfirmed report says four men associated with the dead men
were arrested in the Conference area on the east coast. Another
man, Matthew Pascal, is being sought by the Security Forces.
-..- .... .rU -.
HABEAS CORPUS HEARING BEGINS
Hearing began in the High Court on November 28th of the application
writ of Habeas Corpus brought by Ralph Thompson against the Minister
of Legal Affairs and Attorney General Kendrick Radix and Commission
-er of Prisons Patrick MacLeish.
Thompson was taken into custody on June 19th, the day a bomb ex-
ploded at a rally at Queen's Park killing three young girls. He
is represented by Barristers Tillman Thomas and Lloyd Noel. Mr.
Noel resigned as Attorney General and a member of the Peoples Rev-
olutionary Government last June.
Addressing Chief Justice Mr. Archibald Nedd in the High Court Mr.
Noel argued that provisions of the law with reference to detention
had not been complied with. He said that, before a person is
Pa.a 10 THE GRRNADA NEWSLETTER WEk E& ndina 29 .r1 8
detained, a detention order must be made, that older must
state the grounds on which the detention is being made and a
copy of the order must be given to the detainee within 7 days.
Mr. Noel asked the court to note and put an interpretation on
the sequence of events which took place between 23rd and 28th
October. He said his application to the Court for permission
to apply for a writ of Habeas Corpus had been made on October
23rd. A law purporting to amend retroactively the regula-
tions for detention was passed on October 27th. And, accord-
ing to an affidavit made by the Commissioner of Prisons Pat-
rick MacLeish, the Commissioner received, for the first time,
on October 28th, a Detention Order relative to Thompson. That
order was dated June 19th.
Mr. Noel referred also to the "grounds" on Thompson's' purport
-ed Detention Order and said these stated that Thompson was
"reasonably suspected of counselling and conspiring" for il-
legal purposes. Mr. Noel said this is not specific enough
to constitute adequate grounds and he thought this. made the De-#
tention Order invalid.
Guyanese born Crown Council, ex-judge Mr. Edwin Heyliger, in
his reply to Mr. Noel said there could be no question that the
Detention Order was issued and that it is valid. On the
face of it", he told Mr. Justice Nedd, "that Detention Order
was issued on June 19th, it is here attached to the affidavit
of the Commissioner of Prisons, and there is no evidence on
which your Honour can go beyond that".
Referring to the Detention Order, Mr. Nedd commented on the
fact that there was an interval of over four months before
it was received by the Commissioner of Prisons. "What in-
trigues me", he said, is what happened to the Detention
Order before it came to the Commissioner of Prisons".
Mr. Heyliger blamed this delay on "bureaucracy" and said the
reasonable conclusion is that the order "must have been lying
down somewhere". continued -
Week Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
Mr. Heyliger also argued that the "grounds" given on the Detention
Order were adequate considering the significance of the fact that
it was dated June 19th, the day on which a bomb exploded at the ral-
ly. In that context, he said, it is easy to imply the words, "to
wit the placing of a bomb at Queen's Park" as being included in
the grounds mentioned.
Attorney General Radix tQld Mr. Nedd that, with the exception of
Mr. Noel's arguments relative to the adequacy of the grounds, he
considered that everything Mr. Noel had said was "without efficacy".
He said Mr. Noel's arguments on the matter of grounds had taken him
"by surprise", and he wished some time to consider them. Mr. Nedd
adjourned the hearing until Tuesday December 2nd.
This hearing has generated considerable interest in legal circles in
Grenada as it is the first time the legality of any action of the
Peoples Revolutionary Government has been questioned in court.
( 610 words )
GOVERNMENT TAKES "PROFIT MARGIN"
Decreases in the landed cost of gasolene will not be reflected in
the price at which it will be sold to motorists but will result in
revenue for the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG)
This is the effect of Peoples Law 56/1980, the Petroleum ( Increased
Profit Margin) Law which was .passed on November 12th. According to
that law, when there is a reduction in the landed cost of gasolene,
the Minister of Finance may make an Order to have the Oil Companies
pay that reduction into the Treasury.
The section of the Law which authorises that Order reads as follows:
"As from the 9th September 1980 when any reduction
in the landed cost of gasolene imported into the State
occurs and that reduction is not reflected in the con-
trolled selling price of that article but results in
an increased profit margin, to the importer or his
agent, the Minister may make an order in accordance
with section 4 of this Law".
- continued -
Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80
Sources close to the Oil Companies told NEWSLETTER that, as a
result of a glut on the market, gasolene and diesel oil were
imported recently into Grenada at landed costs which showed re-
ductions of ECt22 and EC419 per imperial gallon respectively.
The Government controlled selling price of gasolene is EC$5.25
per imperial gallon and that of diesel oil is EC$5.14 per im-
perial gallon. A suggestion was made by the Oil Companies to
the PRG that these selling prices should be revised to reflect
the lower landed costs, but it was decided instead to stabilize
the prices at their present level and have the Oil Companies pay
the price reduction to Government.
NEWSLETTER is advised that several other Caribbean Community
countries have benefited by the unusual fall in the landed cost
of gasoiene and that this fall has been reflected in lower sell-
ing prices to the public.
( 307 words )
PREVENTIVE DETENTION TRIBUNAL TO SIT
A Government spokesman told NEWSLETTER on November 21st that the
Preventive Detention Tribunal will resume sittings on December
This Tribunal was appointed ont month after the revolution of
March 13th 1979, its purpose being to review cases of persons
detained and make recommendations to the Minister for Security.
Headed by Polish born Dr. Adolph Bierzynski, 65, a medical
practicioner the Tribunal also has in its membership, a house-
wife, Mrs. Alice McIntyre, 55, and businessman Mr. Bryce Wood-
The first sitting of the Tribunal was in May 1979. According
to the law creating the Tribunal, sittings should have been
every two months, but the next sitting was not until September
1979 and there have been no more since.
- continued -
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
The Government spokesman said the infrequency of sittings of the
Tribunal has been because of "counter-revolutionary activity" and
"limited man-power resources".
Recommendations of the Tribunal are not binding on the Minister for
( 152 words )
MORE MILLIONS SINCE REVOLUTION
Many more millions of dollars have come to the Caribbean over the
last 20 months because of the Grenada Revolution which took place
on March 13th 1979.
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop expressed this at a rally on November
16th as part of a reply to a statement by Prime Minister Tom Adams
of Barbados that some countries may withhold aid to the Caribbean
because of the Grenada revolution.
"What the Americans, for example, have realized,", Mr. Bishop said,
"is that in their anxiety to try to prevent other revolutions taking
place in the Caribbean, they have deserted and abandoned their pol-
icy of neglecting the Caribbean and, today, they are out here in
The Prime Minister said the United States is engaged now in "shuttle
diplomacy" out of Barbados, visiting the islands frequently, and,
he said, "now in most islands, certainly Barbados, several more mil-
lions of dollars have gotten into the Treasuries of those islands
because the Americans are trying to pump money to see if they can
get people to stop thinking about their problems".
Mr. Bishop said the Americans are trying to use money to stop "pro-
gressive development" in the Caribbean, and he warned Mr. Adams to
"note another side of the coin". If the Grenada Revolution is over
-thrown, he said, it will mean an end to all of the extra dollars
which the Grenada revolution is responsible for bringing to the
( 234 words )
.. ** 7i- "I'-'"-^
Week Ending 29.11.80
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
ECCA PUBLISHES YEAR END ACCOUNTS
The East Caribbean Currency Authority (FCCA) has published a
Balance Sheet, a Statement of. Income & Expenditure and a State-
ment of General Reserve all with reference to the Authority's
end-of-year figures at 31st March 1980. These Statements, to-
gether with a Report dated June 13th from the Authority's Audi-
tors, Messrs Pannel Fitzpatrick & Co, have been published in
the Government Gazette of November 14th.
BALANCE SHEET ( 31st MARCH 1980
(Expressed in East Caribbean Dollars)
Demand Liabilities 123,023,715
Proposed Distribution to
Participating Governments 11,535,060
Bankers Deposits 83,226,085
General Reserve Fund 12,302,371
Special Reserve 1,546,560
Other Liabilities 39,741,740
Other Securities 68,303,497
Fixed Deposits & Money at call 150,045,490
Bankers Balances 1,376,051
Regional Currencies 4 035,534
Interest Accrued on Securities
Accounts Receivable & Prepaid
Less Accrued Liabilities &
Week Ending 29.11.80
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
STATEMENT OF INCOME & -EXPENDITURE
( ExprLess.d in E-st Caribbean Dollars)
United States Government Securities
Participating Government Securitieg
Repurchase Agreements 234,484
Money at Call and on Deposit 19,096,402
Commission on Currency 443,411
Commission on Inter-regional settlements 227,609
Gain on purchase & sale of foreign
Loss on sale of United Kingdom Govt.
Income from Commemorative Coin Sales 5
Agency Fees 4,800
Inter-territorial transfer of currency
Supplies of currency
Interest paid on Bankers deposits
Interest on Caricom Multilateral
INCOME BEFORE PROVISIONS & APPROPRIATIONS 19,495,893
Provision for new coinage (1,500,000
EXCESS OF INCOME OVER EXPENDITURE 17,995,893
Foreign Currency transactions (71,394
Depreciation of Securities 14,039,801
NET INCOME BEFORE APPROPRIATIONS 13,884,698
Amount transferred to General
Reserve Fund (2,349,638
BALANCE DISTRIBUTABLE AMONG PARTICIPATING
STATEMENT OF GENERAL RESERVE
( Expressed in East Caribbean Dollars)
GENERAL RESERVE FUND At beginning of Year
Year $ 9,952,733
Amount allocated out of Excess of Iniome
over Expenditure to maintain Reserve at
10% of Demand Liabilities 2,349,638
GENERAL RESERVE FUND End of Year $12.302,371
Week Ending 29.11.80
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
GRIM PROSPECTS FOR NUTMEGS
Nutmeg farmers in Grenada have been warned they may have to
tighten their belts. World market conditions are bad and the
warning has come from the Board of Management of the Grenada
Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) in its Report on the Trad-
ing of the Association during the year ended June 30th last.
The cash liquidity position of the Reserve Fund is at an un-
comfortably low level", the Board says, "particularly so in view
of the continuing poor state of the market and the grim prospects
of an even lower trading surplus next year".
The Board's concern is that, for two consecutive years, funds
have had to be taken from Reserves. The system is that pro-
duce is "bought" from the 6000 plus nutmeg farmers during the
year and, depending on the trading surplus, a "bonus" is paid
in time for Christmas. The problem is that, in both 1979 and
1930, the surplus has been poor and has been supplemented from
GCNA has operated since 1947 and has been of tremendous advant-
age. to farmers. Prior to 1947, middle-men dealers bought grow-
ers produce and exported it. Under that system, there was no
unified price for Grenada nutmegs on the world market and compe-
tition for sales to brokers abroad drove prices down. In addi-
tion, profits of export dealers reduced returns to the growers.
By legislation enacted in 1947, GCNA was created to control the
export of nutmegs and develop the Industry. There was great
opposition to this from export :dealers but,. eight years later,
the existence of the Association was more than justified when
it provided a cooperative approach to the destruction caused
by the disastrous hurricane of 1955.
Addressing the legislature a few days after the hurricane, the
Governor, Mr. C.M. Deverell, said that, not only had there
been great loss to individuals and to the State through dam-
- continued -
WeeVk Ending 29.11.80
THE GRENADA NEiC'i LETTER
age to property, but destruction to crops would disrupt Grenada's
agriculture for years.
"This is, indeed, a sombre picture", he said, and the situation
it depicts will clearly call for all our resolution and unity of
purpose in the years to come".
The Nutmeg Industry is one of the principal foreign exchange earn-
ers of cr-lnnada and the "unity of purpose" provided by GCNA at that
time was invaluable. Damage to nutmeg plantations was estimated
at 80% and this was the heaviest blow to the Industry since the is-
land began to export nutmegs late in the last century.: The out-
look was dark, there was despair that the plantations could ever
be restored and it was feared that the Industry might disappear
with this disaster.
The nutmeg (Myristica Fragrans), although incorporated in the nation
-al flag, is not indigenous to Grenada. It came to the island as
a curiosity. In the 1830s, Westindian overseers went to the East
Indies to advise on sugar extraction and, on their return, brought
back the nutmeg especially for the flavour it imparts to rum punch.
The first nutmeg trees were planted in Grenada about 1843 and, in-
side the next few years, many estate Great Houses had trees growing
in their back yards to supply nutmegs for Sunday morning punch par-
ties. In 1851, however, disaster suddenly struck the nutmeg plant-
ations of the Far East, gave the Grenada nutmeg a new perspective
and altered the agricultural history of Grenada.
Far East plantation owners found that, overnight, they were losing
their nutmeg orchards. During the dark hours, a worm attacked the
trees. By next morning, the top branches had withered and, with-
in a few days, the tree was dead.
Many large plantations in Singapore and other parts of the Far East
were reduced rapidly to garden plots. There was a shortage of
nutmegs on the world market and Grenadian planters saw their op-
portunity. By 1860, nutmegs were being planted seriously as an
economic crop and, by the .18BOs, exports were made.
Week Ending 29.11.80
Pace'18 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80
The plantations in the Far East recovered from their heavy blow
as did the Grenada plantations after the 1955 hurricane. The
Far East Nutmeg Industry is now centered in Indonesia and that
country supplies some 70& of world requirements; Grenada sup-
plies almost all the remainder.
On- f the big problems facing the Nutmeg Industry is that
there is no cooperation between Grenada and Indonesia and so no
control of world prices. Early this year, the GCNA Manager,
Mr. Robin Renwick, visited Indonesia and had talks with offi-
cials there. Contrary to what obtains in Grenada, however,
there is no single Body controlling nutmeg exports from that
country. Mr. Renwick was unable to make any arrangements and
there have been no positive results from his visit.
More recently, Grenada's Minister of Finance Bernard Coard had
discussions with Indonesian Minister of Finance Aii Wardhana
when the two men were in Washington for an International Mone-
tary Fund meeting in September. The Peoples Revolutionary Gov-
ernment has announced that Indonesia has asked for details of
Grenada's nutmeg trade so that a suitable marketing policy may
be developed, but no scheme of cooperation is as yet in effect.
In the meantime, the market outlook continues to be discouraging
and fears Of the GCNA.Boardseem well grounded. GCNA had nearly
BC$4.5 million in liquid cash reserves at the end of the 1978
trading year. During the following year, however, trading con-
ditions deteriorated and cash reserves had to be depleted to
supplement the year-end surplus payment. For the same reason,
reserves had to be used again this year and liquid cash reserves
at the end of the 1980 trading year stood at under EC$1 million.
The worsening situation and falling demand is blamed on the gen-
eral world recession, and GCNA Manager Mr. Robin Renwick told
NEWSLETTER that, since the end of the 1980 nutmeg trading year
last June 30th, the market has become even worse.
"Unless there is an ease in the world recession", he said, "our
prospects for next year are gril'.-.- 9 w
""-S. "' 970 words )
WJeek Ending 29.11.80
EAST C.',IEBEAN CURRENCY AUTHORITY
Todate, NEWSLETTER has had available only three Statements of Assets
& Liabilities relative to the East Caribbean Currency Authority.
The first related to the month of February and was published in the
issue of 19th April and the second related to May and was published
in the issue of August 30th.
The third Statement relates to July and is as follows:-
Notes in Circulation
Coin in Circulation
Fixed Deposits & Money at Call
Participating Government Securities
including Treasury Bills
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Page 20 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80
GCNA TO DISTRIBUTE EC$4 MILLION
The Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) is to distri-
bute 4 million East Caribbean (EC) dollars to members by the
end of this month.
This amount represents the "surplus" due to growers resulting
from trading in the year ended 30th June last and is about equal
to the amount distributed last year, but it does not reflect an
accurate picture of the state of the industry.
The gross profit from sales in 1979 was EC$8.3 million, a fall
from the EC$11.5 million of 1978, and EC$1.4 million was trans-
ferred from reserves to pay a "surplus" of EC$4.3 million.
In 1980, there has been a further fall in gross profit to EC$7.7
million and EC$1.8 million is being taken from reserves to pay
a"surplus" of EC$ 4 million.
According to GCNA, the decline in profits is as a result of
sharp fall-off in demand and competitors from Singapore and In-
donesia have been exerting pressure by selling at lower prices.
Efforts are now being made through both private and Government
channels to establish joint marketing arrangements with Indone-
In connection with the amount of "surplus" to be paid, the GCNA
m nagement board says that, in deciding to withdraw EC$1.8 mil-
lion from reserves, consideration was given to both the "finan-
cial hardships being experienced by growers" and the "possible
consequences of a cash liquidity problem being caused".
"This substantial transfer from reserves, however", the Board
says, "following the transfer of EC$1.4 million last year,
leaves the cash liquidity position of the Reserve Fund at an
uncomfortably low level".
( 261 words )
-J.n J dg 7'- .t
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
EXPORT OF MINOR SPICES CONTROLLED
The Minor Spices Cooperative Marketing Society Ltd (MSCRS) has been
given control over the export from Grenada of cloves, cinnamon, pim-
ento and all other spices with the exception of nutmegs and mace.
Peoples Law 48/1980 of 22nd October 1980 makes the Society the sole
exporter of "minor spices" and authorises the Society to grant a per-
mit to traffickers to trade in these spices with Caribbean Community
NSCMS was registered on June 15th 1971 when 7 members took over from
the operations of the Grenada Inter-Church Council. Those opera-
tions began in 1969 with the purchase and shipment of spices ( other
than nutmegs and mace) and, in 1971, the venture was sufficiently de-
veloped to be handed over to the spice producers through MSCMS.
Early last year, a spokesman for the Society told NEWSLETTER that
one of the principal problems it faced was competition from two or
three big exporters. Formal consideration was given to the possi-
bility of approaching the Gairy Government to establish a Statutory
Body similar to that which controls the export of nutmegs and mace,
but this idea was discarded.
"Members considered it would be unwise to take this step", the spokes-
man said- "When it was considered that Government now has taken con
trol of all the producer cooperatives operating under Statutory Bod-
ies the Nutmeg Association, Cocoa Association and Banana Society -
it was felt that, if Government established a Statutory Body for min-
or spices, producers might lose control here toc'.
It has not yet been possible to get a statement as to what revived
the idea of a Statutory Body to control the export of minor spices,
but Law 48/1980 is evidence that it was revived and acted upon, the
the authority for the control of exports now being MSCMS.
Law 48/1980 authorises the Minister of Agriculture to nominate two
persons to the MSCiS Board of Management.
( 306 words )
Week Ending 29,11.80-
Page 22 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 29.11.80
NEWS S NORTS
CIM Funds Seminar For Women
The Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) is to fund a Trade
Union seminar for Grenadian women with the aim of developing
their leadership skills.
CIM, which was established by the Organisation of American
States, held a conference in the Dominican Republic from October
26th to November 4th at which Grenada was represented by Mrs.
Phyllis Coard, Secretary for Women's Affairs in the Peoples Re-
volutionary Government and wife of Minister of Finance Bernard
Coard. The decision to fund the seminar was taken at the Con-
At the Conference, Grenada was elected to serve for 2 years on
the CIM Executive Committee as a representative of the Caribbean
region. Also serving on the Committee will be the United States,
Venezuela, Colombia, Chile and the Dominican Republic.
Cold Storage Facilities For "Albatross III"
Three refrigeration experts from Trinidad arrived in Grenada on
November 14th to examine the possibility of installing cold stor-
age facilities on the State owned 148 nett tons freighter "Al-
This boat, formerly owned by the Jim Jones Peoples Temple Cult
of Guyana was purchased by the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment in May last for EC$201 thousand. Minister of Agriculture
Unison Whiteman has said the "Albatross III" will be used to
transport agricultural produce for export.
The gear box of the freighter was found to be defective and
it is now in Trinidad for repairs. The Government Informa-
tion Service says that, when these repairs have been effected
the ship will be sent abroad to be refurbished.
Ueek Ending 29.11.80 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 23
Grenadians On Management Training in Britain
Two Grenadians left the island on November 18th to attend a semin-
ar on Management and National Development at the Royal Institute
of Public Administration in the United Kingdom. They are Mr.
Michael Jerome, Senior Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Plan-
ning and Mr. Otto George, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of
Health and Housing.
The seminar which runs until December 12th, is sponsored by the
British Overseas Development Administration
( 71 words )
Grenada Against 200 Mile Economic Zone
Grenada has said that establishment of an exclusive 200 mile economy
-ic zone irt the Caribbean will operate against productivity of the
fishing industry and provoke conflicts between countries.
This view was expressed at a recent seminar which took place in
Havana, Cuba recently. The theme of the seminar was "Evaluation
of the Law of the Sea & Fishing in the West-Central Atlantic", and
it was sponsored by the United Nations Food & Agriculture Organ-
Grenada's view is that the small island states in the region should
concentrate their energies on exploitation and conservation of
their fishing resources in a collective way in a collective fishing
(106 words )
:Belfon Predicts Tourism Increase
Tourism Director Miss Jane Belfon has said that, despite indica-
tions that there has been a recession in Grenada's Tourist Indus-
try, a 5% to 8% increase is expected in the 1980-1981 Winter Sea-
According to the Government Information Service, Miss Belfon said
there was a shaxp decrease in visitors from the North American
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Market during the 1979-1980 Season, but this was offset by an
increase of .62% in European visitors during the same period.
Miss Belfor' said there were"3,595 European visitors in 1973
and this figure dropped to 1,858 in 1974 ( the year of dis-
turbances in Grenada). By 1978, there were 6,998 European
visitors, she'said, the figure jumped to 11,371 in the 1979-
80 Season and is expected to double in the 1980-81 Season.
( 130 words )
29th November" 1980
Week Ending 29.11.80