*-- --'*"*-- ---- ------- -7 --'------ --.- -----. '*
Volume 7 Number 34
For the Week Ending 15th December 1979
7th Year of Publicatig - - 232nd Issue
This issue of NEWSLETtBR is the first-since the issue
for the week ending November 17th, and overs the per- 4
iod rom that date to 15th December.
The editor apologises for the fact that, due to a con-
vergence of circumstances, it has not been possible
over the last few weeks,, to produce NEWSLETTER weekly
and it is hoped that,.in the New Year, this can be cor-
This isA will followed by one which will be date-
lined December' 31st.' That issue, however, will not be
ready for posting until sometime about mid-January as ,
the customary end-of-year supplement will need some time
We take this opportunity to wish our subscribers a full
measure of the tri Joy of Christmas and peace in the
New Year. --
Produced & Printed by Alister a Cynthia Hugh
p O Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies
2. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 15.12.79
INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT FOR GRENAWA
Grenada is to have an international airport sited at Point Saline
on the island's south coast.
This was first announced on November 18th, the anniversary of the
date in 1973 when members of the New Jewel Movement (NJM) were
brutally beaten by then Premier Eric Gairy's 'mongoose gang' and
it was expected that construction work would begin shortly.
Making the announcement, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said that,
for the past 8 months, his Government had held discussions with
several countries and organizations on the question of aid for
the construction of the aitort Assistance had come, he said,
from the one country which has consistently come to Grenada's aid.
"The best offer we have at this time that can help us to make a
start this year has come, once again", he said, "from the one
country that has rendered the most assistance to our revolution
over the past eight months, the revolutionary Government 4 Cuba."
This Cuban assistance, Mr. Bishop said, is to be in the form of
85 pieces of heavy and other equipment for use on the airport
construction. Also as a gift, Cuba offered 4,000 tons of cem-
ent and 1,500 tons of steel, In addition, the Cuban Government
will lend 250 technicians to work on the ajiport*project which .
is expected to last three ygass.
Successive Governments of Ginada have considered the possibili-
ty of.tonstructing an international airport but, because of the
island's hilly terrain, the choice of site is limited. Engin-
eers have advised that it can be located only on the east cast
at right angles to the existing Pearls airport runway, or on the
south coast at Point Saline.
Pime Minister Bisnop said his Government had considered both
sites, each having its advantages and disadvantages. The
principal disadvantage of the east coast.s4te is that the new
-anway would be at right angles to the prevailing wind, while
Week Ending 15.12.79 THE GRENADA NEWSL~ETR Page 3
the disadvantage of an airport at Point Saline is that its c6nstruc-
tion will destroy several valuable beaches.
It was subsequently announced that the decision hid been made to
locate the new airport at Point Saline and, on December 6th, the
ship "Palm Islands" berthed at St. George's with the promised Cuban
equipment, materials and personnel.
Also arriving on the "Palm Islands" was Senor Miguel Angel Vizcanic
who will be in charge of the airport construction project.
Total cost of construction has been estimated to be between EC$50
and EC$60 million and Cuba's aid is said to represent some EC$25
million of this. The balance is to be raised from the sale of
especial Government Airport Bonds which were put on the market in
SEVEN MILLION (BC) FOR HOUSING
In a broadcast over Radio Free Grenada on December 3rd, the Minister
of Finance, Mr. Bernard Coard, announced that the People s Revolu-
tionary Government (PRG) will embark on f3ur housing schemes entail
-ing expenditure of over EC$7 million.
"The first scheme is for Civil Servants", he said. "There was such
a scheme years ago but it collapsed some time ago and we wish to re-
start it." ?
The Minister said this scheme will be financed by a loan from the
Colonial Li'2 Insurance Co (CLICO) and EC$3 million is to be made
available over the next five years, starting with an immediate pro-
vision of BC$J million.
"et second and third housing schemes are "house repair programmes"
for rural Aorkers. Mr. Coa-d Cascribed t.eese workers as "farm
workers, estate workers, road workers, cocoa and nutmeg processing
r'oxsers, banana boxing plant workers, in other words, the poorest
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 15.12.79
and lowest paid workers in our country."
The first of these two house repair programmes will be financed
by BC$100,000 allocated from savings effected by the PRG over the
past eight months, and, to be eligible, a rural worker must earn
under $15OEC per month. Each loan will be to a maximum of
Mr. Coard said one-third of each loan will be given to the bor-
rower as a grant, the remaining two-thirds to be repaid, interest
free, over 10 years. "This scheme will take effect immediately",
he said, "so, literally, within the next few days this scheme
will come into operation and payments will be done through the
N.tioral Commercial Bank in Grenville."
The other house repair programme is similar. It is to be called
| National Housing Repair Programme and will benefit workers
drawing less than BC$250 per month.. The Minister said tbat, o
, in assessing this amount, the incomes of all the persons in the
household will bc taken into account..
This scheme will be financed with BC$300,000 provided by the
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Mr. Coard
said, and interest free loans will be made up to a maximum of
SECS1,000. Repayments will be over five years.
The fourth scheme is for the construction of low income housing,
and this is to be handled through a National Housing Authority
to be established shortly. For this purpose", the Minister
said, "we have been able to get EC$lI million each from Barclays
EBank, the Royal Bank of Canada and the Bank of Nova Scotia,
Sin all, EC$3, million. Added to that, we have been able to
got another EC$I million from OPEC".
The Minister told NEWSLETTER on December 6th that the monies
Available for these schemes have been obtained on very favour-
'le -"-.rms.. Frori ,he three commercial banks, the money has
Week Ending 15.12.79 THE Q3t(tAdgjS UltfS fB
been loaned at 6% interest over 20 years with a three year grace
Period for the commencement of repayments. There is provision for
a review of the interest rate at the end of three years.
SThe money from OPEC is at 1% interest for 10 years. Mr. Coard
could not give details of the loan from CLICO as, he skid, negbtia-
tions had not been completed.
"The introduction of these schemes is the result of 8 months of
Patient negotiation", the Minister said, and it gives me, personal-
ly and the Government, generally, qreat satisfaction to see a hous-
ing scheme of this magnitude introduced for the benefit of the low-
Sest paid workers in our country."
S Mr. Coard thought that the employment these housing schemes will
generate, plus the employment generated by work on the new airport,
will mark a significant step forward in Grenada's economy.
BISHOP & SHELTON HOLD TALKS
!USAmbassador to Grenada, Miss Sally Angela Shelton, held talks in
Grenada on December 17th with Prime Minister Maurice Bishop concern-
ing the poor relations existing between St. Georges and Wasnington.
Announcing the visit a few days before, Mr. Bishop said Miss Shelton'l
coming to the island was on the invitation of the People's Revolu-
tionary Government (PRG). He said, however, that the PRG takes no
responsibility for the poor relations.
"Relations h.ve been bad", he said, "because various American func-
tionaries have come here Ambassadoc Ortiz most notably and
have attempted to dictate to us what we must do in our own country,"
and we are nrt prepared tc a-cept that from anybody".
The Prime Minister said Grenrdians do not .-agard themselves as
belonging to America. They do not see themselves as being "'in a
bac..yard u: in a lake."' Subject to that, and subject to Washihfton'h
____ __~__L_~ __1_1 _I
Pg 6 THE GR9MAfAjR.SIMUBi. Week B' ,ing 15.12.79
irecognition that relations must be based on principles of mutual ig
respect, sovereignty and non-interference, the PRG wished to have
ithe best possible relations with the United States.
"Several of our people live in that country", he said, "several
of their people come to our country qs tourists and visitors, we
have absolutely no quarrel with the people of America, never
Mr. Bishop said he wanted no quarrel with the American Government
but the PRG is not going to be intimidated or bullied, and it is
not going to have anyone tell it how it must develop its own
-process" in Grenada.
iThe Trime Minister said the PRG's position has been to try to
CIA CL4tJ.Ut (lA i*.Q L 4Jj^I Wi. tfl LIC n OIAA LSth iLVJi.tnr
Se-p lan area o lcoummmrPun cat ons open w t e A an e .nv a-* II
tion to Ambassador Shelton to visit for discussions was the
Latest initiative in this connection. He said, however, that
1he had no different approach to offer.
!"'W really have nothing new to say", he declared, "we will be
!just repeating exactly what we have said before because that is
the only basis on which relations can improve."
Mr. bishop said also that ithe question of Eric Gairy remains,
a sore thumb". This was one subject certain to be raised with
Ambassador Shelton because the PRG could not accept a situation
in which a fugitive from justice is using the United States to
provoke acts of aggression against Grenada.
"Just in the last three weeks", the Prime Minister said, "Gairy
went on Radio WLIB, the biggest Black radio station in New York
and, from that station, using that platform in Brooklyn, was put-
Sting out a call that he was attempting to come back to Grenada one
i way or another."
SThe Prime Minister said this meant clearly that Gair' is still
trying tn recr,-it mercenaries and that he "had not yet abandoned
_ ~ ~II~
Week Ending 15,U1S79 'THE GRBMADA, NBMSLEUR P
Si his throne".
The PRG could not accept that the US can do nothing about
this, Mr. Bishop said, and he intended to tell Ambassador
t'Shelton that a prerequisite to better relations is the US
Government "putting Gairy under manners" for as long as
they choose to leave him in their country.
The Bishop/Shelton discussions took place on December 17tl
and informed sources told NEWSLETTER Bhat they lasted for
over two hours. No release was issued after the talks,
but Radio Free Grenada said one of the- topics discussed
was 'the question of reciprocal action by the US author-
ities for the extradition of Gairy after the release of
American detainee Mary Andrews".
Mary Andrews is an American resident of Grenada who was
detained in July and released late in November.
In connection.iwith Gairy's extradition, Radio Free Grena
said Ambagador Shelton -cold Prime Minister Bishop that I
State Department officials are interested in holding tall
with Grenada's Acting Minister for Legal Affairs, Mr. Ll<
Noel T.h +h e aantimoe thc nrnomiCo has hben maeri +hat
eye will be kept on Gairy.
According to Radio Free Grenada, other topics discussed
included US assistance in the building of Grenada's inter-
national airport and also in the road repair programme which
must be undertaken as a result of damage by recent heavy
In an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER, Ambassador
Shelton said she thought the discussions went very well.
"They were very frank", she said, "but I thought they "
were very friendly. I haven't been to Grenada for six
months and we had a lot to talk about."
Page 8 THE GB8WAPIA MBSffMM Week EndiMg $.12.1 79
Miss Shelton declined to say what had been discussed but said p
the talks had covered a wide range of subjects. She hoped
there would be more of the "very frank and friendly dialogue
that we engaged in."
Ambassador Shelton returned to Barbados on December 18th.
BRITISH 'FOOLISH & IRRESPONSIBLE'
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop at a press conference on December
13th termed the British Government's veto of the sale of two
armoured cars to the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG),
' foolish and irresponsible'.
The veto came in the form of a refusal to grant an export
licence to the British manufacturer of the cars, and Mr. Bishop
agreed that it is the SUK's sovereign right to sell to whoever
they wished, including "South Africa or facist countries that
are bent on repressing their own people."
"From our point of view", he said, "obviously this refusal wao
foolish and irresponsible and it reflects one aspect of British
foreign policy, and we are very unhappy and dissatisfied".
The Prime Minister said the British refusal meant the PRG had
to look elsewhere for these armoured cars because they are
needed by the Security Forces. He wished to point out to the
British, however, that they were approached first to supply
"Some of these countries", he said, "have an approach which
seems to say, on the one hand, they have a right to refuse,
they have a right not to help, they have a right to look on
while Gairy rends in mercenaries without assis-'ing the pro-
cess, and, on the other hand, when you try to get it else-
where, that is wrong too."
Week Ending 5.12 .19 TrE-GRBNADA NEWSLETTER P4a 9
The Prime Minister said the PRG will not accept this and he hoped
0 the British "take good note" of that point.
0 ( 235 words)
PRG NOT INVOLVED IN UNION ISLAND REVOLUTION
The People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) is in no way connected
with the unsuccessful revolution which took place on the St.Vincent
"* Grenadine island of Union on December 7th.
:4 In a statement issued on the evening of the 7th by the Commander of
the People's Revolutionary Army (PRA), Mr. Hudson Austin, it was
made clear that the PRG is pursuing a foreign policy of non-inter-
vention. The statement, which appeared to be a reaction to specu-
lation that the PRG was "exporting" its revolution to neighboring
St. Vincent, was voiced over regional radio stations by Mrs. Phyllis
Coard, Deputy Secretary for Information,
"The PRG wishes to make it clear that any attempt to try to involve
the Grenadian revolution in this affair would be foolish, immature
and irre4onsible", Mrs. Coard said. "We wish to make it further
clear that any attempt to use this affair as a means of attacking
or subverting our revolution will be firmly resisted. This affair
is St. Vincent's business, it is not our business. We are not in-
volved, we are not responsible, we will not take any blame and we
will not become involved".
Asked about the state of preparedness of the PRA, she said it was
always ready for any attack on Grenada. She continued, "We are
not ready tn attack any other country in the region nor do we wish
to become involved in the affairs of other countries in the region"
Full details of the "affair" referred to by Mrs Coard are not avail
-able but it appears that it started shortly before 8.00 am on Fri-
day 7th when a group of arred men attacked -he Police Station, Air-
port and Revenue Office at Union Island, the most southernly of the
St. Vincent Grenadines. The attack was successful and it is
- --7 -v "----- ---------------- ---
Page 1Q THE GRENADA WEWSLBTTR Week Ending, 1.2.79
reported that the Police Sergeant in charge was the only member
of the Police Force who escaped capture. This sergeant took
refuge on a yacht anchored at Union abd was able from this boat
to advise Police Headquarters in Kingstown, St. Vincent of the
Union Island with a population of some 4000 has an area of 5
square miles and is located about 35 miles south of St. Vincent.
A contingent of 40 policemen* under Deputy Commissiorar of Pol-
ice Cox was sent by air to Palm Island which lies a mile or two
east of Union. From there, it is reported, a marine assault
was made on Union resulting in the recapture of the island. It
is understood that six men were captured and taken to St.Vincent
one of them dying on arrival. Reports say that nearly 30 fur-
ther arrests were made.
It appears that the revolution was' led by a RLstafarian named
"3cmba" Charles, and was motivated by the feeling that "the
resources of Union Island are being ripped off". This feeling
it is understood, is based r. the report that fishing boqt
from the French Islands take considerable catches in the Grent-
dines. This is of concern to the people of Union who depend
heavily on fishing for their existence.
The Grenada Government announced on December'lOth +hat 4 fugi-
tives from the Union Island incident had arrived at Grenada
and had been arrested. The announcement said that Grenada and
St. Vincent were in contact at both the Commissioners of Police
and Prime Ministers levels and a Vincentian official was expect-
ed to arrive she tly to institute extradition proceedings.
It is reported that "Bomba" Charles is one of the arrested men.
Week Ending 15.1a.79 THE GRNARp NBLETISp Page 1
PRG DEPLORES ST. VINCBNTDBISTURBANCES
The People's Revolutionary.Government (PRG) deplores the disturb-
ances which have taken place in St. Vincent and the Grenadines and
strongly condemns any attempt from whatever source to overthrow the
newly elected Government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
These sentiments were expressed by the PRG on December 10th in a
statement issued jointly with the Governments of Antigua, St. Kitts
Dominica, Belize, Barbados, Jamaica, Montserrat ant St. Lucia.
The statement called on all Coveriments in the region "to give full
support to the People's Representatives and to -he maintenance of
the territorial integrity of St. Vincent and the Grenadines."
This statement refers to the uprising which took place on Union Is-
land in the St. Vincent Grenadines on December 7th. In a press
release on December llth publicising the statement, the Grenada Gov
-ernment Information Services said it was understood that five mer
involved in the uprising landed at Carriacou in the Grenada Grenad-
ines on December 10th. The release said they were arrested and
deported. (164 words)
SHO"TLIVED PRA ALERT
S The People's Revolutionary Army was put on full alert about 7
o'clock on the evening of Sunday 25th November but were given the
order to stand down before the following morning.
The alert came following gunfire ( which came, apparently, from the
waterfront in Grenville or from the nearby Telescope point area)
and residents in GrenvillE say windows were rattled. There were
said to be ten or eleven heavy explosions and there are reports of
"red lights" in the sky which, from the description, were probably
Reports say that, at the time of the gunfire, thare was a brightly
Slit ship etimated to be some five miles off shore. It is not
known whcche .his shi. was the target but it did not douse its
Page 2 THE GR84ADA.NMSSLE F Week Ending 15.12.79
lights and did not appear to take avoiding action,
!About two hours after the gunfire washeardC road blocks were er
erected by the PRA in and around Grenville. These road blocks
were removed about 5 o'clock next morning. There has been no
official explanation of the incident.
ft (174 words)
"TORCHLIGHT LINKED WITH "PLOTTERS"
!In an interview broadcast over Radio Free Grenada on November
118th, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop linked the Grenada "Torch-
Light" newspaper with the attempted overthrow of the People's
Revolutionary Government (PRG) disclosed by the Government last
Mr. Bishop said the persons who plotted the overthrow had no
I"mass base", no support from the People's Revolktionary Army,
little support from the Police and no sympathy among the major-
ity of workers. As a result, the Prime Minister said, they were
forced to rely on distortion and manipulation of news through
The reported attempted overthrow occurred on November 2nd and one
of the persons detained in this connection is Mr. Mii4ston Whyte,
Political Leader of the People's Action Liberation Movement.
Referring to Mr. Whyte as "one of the chief organizers of the
plot", Mr. Bishop said there is evidence that he had received
substantial financial backing from Mr. DMB Cromwell, Managing
Director of GrenaOd Publishers Ltd, owners of "Torchlight".
"Torchlight" was closed by the PRG on October 13th for alleged-
ly printing lies and attempting to incite violence. In his
ikterziew, the Prime Minister said the newspaper had published
articles aimed at demoralising tkh PRA and had recempted to
drive a wedge between the Police and the Army".
- continued -
Week Ending 15.2 .79 THE GRENABA NWaSLBTT Page, 13
Mr. Bishop said his Government will not accept "'from the 'torchlight
or anyubig shot in our society direct counter revolutionary activity
We will not accept incitement to violence, we will not accept notor-
HOWARD UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR DETAINED
Stanley Cyrus, a Grenada born Professor at Howard University is
among persons being held by the People's Revolutionary Government
(PRG) in connection with the reported attempted coup of November 2nd
A statement read over Radio Free Grenada on November 9th said docu-
nented evidence along with testimonies from other detainees implica-
ted Cyrus directly with the plot to overthrow the Government. It
said also that Cyrus had made seve:-.l attempts to "infiltrate the
NJM" and obtain sensitive information concerning the party leadership!
"Information received by the PRG points to the motive for Cyrus:
extensive trade union work throughout the Caribbean and Latin Ameil-
ca prior to his arrival back in Grenada", the statement said. The
Government states further that feedback they have received in Latin
America and the Caribbean indicates that Stanley Cyrus' trips to
those areas were sponsored by the American CIA".
( 141 words)
There is no accurate information as to the number of persons now
being held -,s political prisoners.
Following the hearing in September by the Detention Tribunal of
cases of detainees, it was known that there were then 78 persons
being held as political prisoners. This number was reduced to
68 when the names of 10 dnta-.nec; charged ith criminal offences
SCu Oct'be- 4-4', 20 w'-e released but 20 others were arrested on the
Paggj14 .. THE GRgNADA SWSLTTnR Week Ending .-5.1B.79
fbtl'wing day so thit the total was unchanged. On Nbvember 2nd
'and shortly after, 20 more were arrested bringing the total to
S88 and, on December- 12th it was' announced that over the past three
;weeks, 11 had been released.
This put the total at 77, but it's not known whether all the ar-
rests and releases have been announced and this figure must be
taken as provisional-.
SUGAR FACTORY NETS OVT? EC$1 'MILLION
"Ine Grenada Sugar Factory Ltd made an overall net profit of
:EC$268,678.O0 for the year ending 30th June 1979, after provi-
,sion of a workers' bonus of BC$86,207.00 but before provision
for the agreed farmers profit sharing scheme and income tax.
These figures are given in the Directors Report to the share-
'holders which indicates that the' net profit for 1979 is some
;241% higher than the '978 figure of BC$78R769.00.
ihe Report points out, however, that in the manufacture of sugai,
the Compa..y sustained a loss in 1979. The Company is a purely
manufacturing entity dependent on a supply of canes from farmers
;and the amount cf canes received in the 1979 year fell by 1,483
jtins below the 1978 figure of 11,283 tons. Only 58.7 tons of
sugar were produced and there was an operational loss of EC$12,688.
In the manufacture of rum, however, the picture is much brighter.
SSales in 1979 exceed the 1978 sales by BC$270,640.00 and, as a
Result, the Coapar.; will pay workers a bonus of 28% of their in-
:ome which' amountS to EC$86,207.O0.
Thb farmers profit sharing scheme also benefit-;. Under this
scheme, members of fte Cane Farmers Association receive 60% of
'he net profits after 10% has been deducted for shareholders and
before provision for tax. The amount for distribution to farm-
,3 i.. rj$45,05.o0 -hich, -'.vided over the 9,800 tons delivered
Week Bnding 15.12.79 THE GREADA NEWSLETTER. Page 15
1-. *-------`-- ----- _- ..... .. __ ___
results in EC$14.80 per ton. Farmers are paid BC$40.00 per ton on
delivery so that their total payment per ton in 1979 was EC$54.80.!
Total payment in 1978 was EC$49.31 per ton. .
The Report points out that the Factory requires a minimum of 150
tons of cane a day for efficient operation and the Directors ex-
press the hope that the 1979 results will give farmers greater in-i
centive. But the Report says the forecast for 1980 is that product-
ion will be !ess than 1979.
"It is understood that, for one reason or another, farmers did not
receive the fertilizer the, expected for the 1980 crop", the Di- -
rectors said, and there has been a noticable lag in the cultiva
tion of canes this year."
GOVERNMENT DIRECTORS FOR SUGAR COMPANY
Three Directors are to be appointed to the Board of Directors cf
the Grenada Sugar Factory Ltd as a first step in Government's de-
clared intention of resuscitating the sugar industry in Grenada.
Sources close to the Company told NEWSLETTER that the Government
Directors designate are Messrs. Ashley Taylor, a barrister n"w em-
ployed in the Legal Department, Lauriston Wilson Jr., Permanent
Secretary in the Ministry of Finance and Michael Kirton. .Mr.
Kirton's associations are notvknown.
These sources said also that Managing Directory of the Company, Mr.
D M B Cromwell, submitted his resignation on September 10th and
this will ake effect on December 31st. Mr. George Williams, mem-
ber of the Board, has been nominated to replace Mr. Cromwell.
( 118 words )
EC$4.4 MILLION .OAN FOR SUGAR INDUSTRY
A loan of EC$4.4 million has been made to the Grenada Government
jy th itpr,' tional Monetary Fund for assistance in development
Page 16 THE GREK
of the Sugar Industry.
ADA NtSUAJI TR Week Ending 15z.12.79
This was announced in the Government owned newspaper "The Free
West Indian" of December 1st. The paper said the loan was
negotiated by the Minister of Finance, Mr. Bernard Coard, when
he attended a meeting of the World Bank in Yugoslavia in Sept-
( 69 words)
SOCUTPT RrCNMTrc MTSSITON UTSTTS
A four-man Soviet economic and traer mission arrived in Grenada?
)n December 9th for a one week visit.
Compr-jed of Mr. Romonald Tomberg, Chief of the Latin American
and African Department of the Soviet State Committee for For-
eign Economic Relations, Mr. Vasily KruzLiov, Deputy Vice-Presi-
dent in the Ministry of Agriculture and Mr. Michel Emalianor,
Chief in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the team held talks
with Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and other Government Ministers.
The team was expected also to have discussions with representa-
tives of the Chamber of Commerce, the Commercial Banks and the
Boards of the Nutmeg, Cocoa and Banana co-operatives. Techni-
cal officers of the Ministries of Trade, Agriculture and Fish-
eries were also expected to meet the team.
( 119 words)
POLITICAL CLASSES FOR PRA
The role of the Feople's Revolutionary Army (PRA) is to defend
the Grenadian working class under a Socialisc system of Govern-
This is the basis of political classes now being aiven to the
PRA and it is being stressed that, in x society ivided into
classes with opposing interests, the Army cannot be neutral.
irmy Students ar: told that the PRA was born ou' of revolution
.id i st+ know the politics a>-d programmes of the New Jewel
_.. -_ continued _
(Week Ending .....79... THE GRENAD&ESEH ..._... PageE 7L
In these classes, it is explained that the Capitalistic Class is
divided into seven categories. These are Foreign Capitalists
(Imperialists), Regional Capitalists, Big Local Capitalists, Med-
ium Capitalists, Small Capitalists, Land Owners and Managers of
Banks, Big Businesses etc.
There are three sectionstof "working people". These are the
Petty Bourgeoisie, Middle Strata and the Working Class. The Petty
Bourgeoisie are described as persons who own their own small "mea.s
of production" taxi, bus, tools, fishing boats, nets etc. and
who, 'unlike the capitalists' wuok their means of production.
The Middle Scrata consists of Service Workers who carry out an
"intellectual or mental function" in prod action. Thee include
bank workers, commercial and clerical workers, teachers, nurses,
doctors, civil servants, le"yers, engineers, priests, accountants,
salesmen and journalists.
A-cording to the programme for these political classes, the Middl,
Strata does not exploit labour but is exploited oy the capitalis-
+ic class. The programme says, however, that this 'non-product-
ive class takes all the fruits of culture, education etc".
The Working Classes have been divided into si: sections. First
is the Industrial Proletariat ('Factory Workers who create wealth'!
then the Agro-Proletariat and Service Workers. The latter is
comprised of dock workers, technical workers, supermarket workers,
telephone, electricity, water workers, etc.
The last nree sections are described as the 'Semi-Proletariat',
the 'Lumpen Proletariat' and the 'Pre-Proletariat'. In the pro-
gramme for the classes, these sections are not described, but the
programme says "the working class ow-.. nothing but its labour',
"There is no democracy for the Working People under Capitalism",
the nrqT'in,'e says, "only democracy for the Capitalist Class. And
Capitalism leads to poverty, crime, prostitution, gambling, drug
Pace 18 THE GRA~B$hftBA Week Bnding 35.1a.7
-- ^------_ _ --
addiction, poor medical care, slums, poor/housing and a high
level 8f illiteracy".
The programme says also that there is no planned economy under
Capitalism and this leads to economic crisis with inflation and
high prices. According to the programme, Capitalism also cre-
ates competition which results in more gops being produced
than can be sold.
Instructors in the programme are to point out to PRA students
that "only Socialism offers a new and dignified life to poor
working pep3e". The fundamental? of Socialism and Capitalism
are to be compared. and the instructors are to "deal with all
the bourgeois illusions'".
"Throw them out", the programme sheet says, "provoke reaction
and then deal with them (unemotionally) and simply. Religion,
dictatorship; thi small businessman and farmer no future
under Capitalism. What happens under Socialism ?"
Dealing with the subject of "How can Capitalis.. be defeated?"
the programme says that Capitalists and Imperialists will always
fight back anc' only "struggle" can lead to Socialism. Instruct
-ors are to explain the role of the Working Class, h w it comes
to organise itself into trade unions, how it meets repression
from the Capitalist state, how it comes to see the need for
"united political action" and how it develops its qualities.
The allies of the Working Class are said to be farmers, the
unemployed, selt employed people, middle classes and the in-
telligentsia. PRA students are taught the need for alliance
S with these classes who "all suffer from Imperialism all are
exploited". Instructors are to point out tlat the most im-.
portant allies of the Working Cl.-s are the pea-.ntry and
fishermen and to emphasise that cnly the Working Clase can
lead the strucy'e against Capitalism.
Week Ending 15.,1279 THE G9tIaSIDA SMUT 'S L Page.o 1
HEALTHY TOURISM EXPERIENCE
A conference on tourism held in Grenada from 3rd to 5th December
has been described as "one of the most healthy tourism experien-
ces which has taken place in recent years."
The description was made by Mr. John Bells Executive Director of
the Caribbean Hotel Association, and he was referring to the Reg-
ional Conference on the Socio-Cultural & Environmental Impacts of
Tourism in Caribbean sponsored by the Caribbean Tourism Research
& Development Centre and hosted by the Government of Grenada.
Mr. Bell, who attended the Conference, told NL'ISLETTER it had pro-
vided an cjportunity Cor the theorists uad the practical operators
in the industry to air their differences. The theorists, and
I don't mean that to be desparaging", he said, "the academic their-
-ists and the Government planners are very concerned about some o
the aspects of tourism as it affects the community, as it affects
the ethnic and cultural heritage of the islands, and I think +hat
what we have achieved in this period of time is an ability to
trade theory with practical fact."
i'r. Bell said he believed that both sides had come to understand the'
the other's position more clearly, and his regret is that more
hoteliers did not attend and put forward theic particular points
The Conference which was opened by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop,
covered a wide agenda. There were four panel discussions which
ranged from the social effects of seasonal employment in tourism
through 1. reservation, conservation and beautification to behav-
ioural codes for tourists and the pros and cons of providing nude
ihis Conference can have considerable im.rct on the Tuture develop
-ment of tourism in the Cac.ibbean and the Prime Minister recognis-
ed this in the course of his opening address. "I trust", he said i
"that -oui conference will prove successful and will begin to
Pa1 20. THE G2RB0BA IfL#f2 ., Week lndipg 15,12.79
tackle and to explore the serious problems of redefining tourism,
of making tourism new and relevant, of making tourism to have
more meaning to the lives of the people of our region."
EAST CARIBBEAN CURRENCY AUTHORITY
The Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the East Caribbean
Currency Authority (ECCA) at 30th September 1979 shows that as
compared with the Statement for 31st August 1979, there was a
Sdrop of just over a million dollar" in the value of notes and
-oin in circulation.
The Statement fo. 30th September 1979 is as follows:-
Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
& Money at call
.HUNGARIAN AMBASSADOR PRESENTS CREDENTIALS'
The Hungarian Ambassador to Grenada, Mr. Lajos Nagy, who is
based in Caracas, Venezuela, presented his credentials to Gov-
ernor Genera' Sir Paul Scoon on December 11th.
Grenada and the People's Republic of 'Itngary established die
lomatic relations on 31st July 1977.
( 40 words)
t Week Endig 184.108.40.206
THE GRENADA NEoSLETTER
GOVERNMENT GETS EC$32.8 THOUSAND
The Royal Bank of Canada has paid EC$32.876.04 into the Government
Treasury under the provisions of the Banking (Special Deposits)Act.
This Act, which was passed in March 1976, calls on Banks to trans-
fer to Government all monies which have been in the Bank's books
"dormant and unclaimed" for 6 years. Depositors may claim their
money from the Accountant General within a year, failing which, it
"shall lapse 'and become part of the revenues o0 Grenada."
The Government Gazette of NTvemb-r 30th carries a list of 46 "dor-
m-nt and unclaimed" accounts at the Royal Bank of Canada, which ac-
counts ;dd aipt the rum transferred to Jovernment. The smallest
sum in any account is EC$11.82 and the largest is EC$14,307.45.
Fouite n of the depositors* including the largest, are recorded as
- continued -
having foreign addresses.
There are three other commercial banks in Grenada, The Bank of Nrv,-
Scotia, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and Barclays Bank Inter-
national Ltd. Details of "dorm-.nt and unclaimed" accounts at
these Banks have not yet oeen published.
MONGOOSE GANG MEMBERS SENTENCED
An incident which took place at St. George's Cer tral Police Statiori
on 19th November 1973 had its conclusion on December 6th when
eight former members of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy's "mon-
goose gang" were sentenced in the High Court to a totli of 203
years for attempted murder.
The men involve are Willie Bishop, Morlyn Bishop, Albert Clarke,
Raphael Brizan, Lloyd Fredrrick, Gordon Noel, Phillip Brizan and
Alston Hood. They were charged with att:,ipting to kill Eric
Campbell, Eslyn Christopih,- and Joseph C ainger, and they have
been detained since the revolution of March lth last.
Page 22 THE GRFNADA N~WSf~fTR Week Ending 35.2.79
The "Mongoose Gang", also known at various times as the Secret
Police, Police Aids,Night Ambush Squad, Voluntary Intelligence
Unit for Protection of Property, Voluntary Special Guards, Spe-
cial Reserve Police and Volunteers for th' Protection of Human
Rights, was a gang of criminals which took orders directly from
According to the D&ffus Commission -,hich investigated the break-
down of law and order in Grenada in 1973/74, the Mongose Gang
or Police Aids inflicted "unspeakable atrocities" on many Gre-
nadians and "the responsibility for their establishment, recruit
-ment and control was peculiarly that of Mr. Gairy iin his per-
sonal capacity ... e f
The evidence in tMt case arising out of the incident at the
Central Police Station showed that C' mpbhl, Christopher and t
Grainger were severely beaten by the nine men. Christopher had
his head held in a toilet bowl while it was flushed and, but for
the timely arrival of the then Acting Commissioner of Police,
the thr~e men may have been hanged.
The eight accused each received sentences totalling a range of
22 to 29 years but, because some of thp sentences will run con-
currently, actual time served will be some 32 to 16 years. Phil-
lip Brizan and Willie Bishop received the longest sentences -
29 years each.
All the accused had previous convictions. Moslyn Bishop alias
"Pram" had 2j'i~aphael Brizan alias "Buck" 20, Willie Bishop
- 19, and Albert C2 rke alias "Heads" 15.
( 325 'words)
GOVERNMENT HOG L OPENS
The Government owned hotel "Seasca v-" was officially opened on
Jecembe:- 8th. I
TormcT I: thq "R>cL G, rdens Inn" owned by deposed Prime Minister
EXic GoAry, "Seascao'e" is loctLed in the eastern outskirts of
%t. George's. (31 words)
Week Ending 15 ,12.4 THE GREWADA;WIMSLETTER Page 23
The last statistics given for banana shipments were in NEWSLETTER
for the week ending 17th November 1979 and covered shipments up to
,he "Geestcrest" of 28th August 1979.
The following additional statistics are now available:-
26.9.71 *~. 0l1,210
13 80 I
# Geest Industries Ltd. paid to Grenada Banana
Cooperative Society on shipped weif of fruit
* Grenada Banana Cooperative Society paid to
producers on weight of fruit received at
the boxing plants. 4
Page 24 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER ". Week Ending 15.12.79..
CRUISE LINER CALLS
The last statistics given for Cruise Liner Calls were in NEWS-
LETTER for the week ending November 17th and covered calls up to
the week ending November 3rd.
1 The following additional statistics are now available:-
j Passengers Week Ending
November 6th "Cunard Countess" 719
7th "Carla C" 735
November 12th "Fair Wind" 920
13th "Cunard Countess" 718
14th Doric". 708
"Carla C" 724
November 2-0th "Cunard Countess" 95
21st "Carla C" 722
;'ovmbcr 25th Doric" 686
27th "Cunard Countess" 718
28th "Carla C" 704
2853 / 1.12.79
CUBAN GIFT FISHING TRAWLER LOST
SThe fishing trawler "Manzanilla", a gift fro; the Cuban Governy'
ment to the People's Revolutionary Government, went adrift on
Sunday Decemnr 2nd apd,, to date (15th), has not been found.
The 56-foot boat, .sed as a fisheries training school, was
moored at Waltham bay on, the island's west cast. No one was
on board ap the tire.
Both a ri.l and marine searches have been instituted without
success and, on DFacember 10th, G ver ment Info) ation Services
Release said it was estimated that the "Manzanilla" should be, at
hi at time, 45 dc..rees north and 65 degrees west of Grenada or 300
Week 'EandZia 45A-2.Jg THE GRENADiii. SLETTE Pae 35
miles -nbrth-west of the island,.
In the meantime, Mr. Franklyn Duncan of the Fisheries Div-
ision of the Ministry of Agriculture has been appointed
Principal of the School of Fisheries. Courses offered by
the School include Fish Pot and Lobster Trap construction,
Practical Fishing and Long-line Tuna Fishing.
The first class of 22 students, including some from St.
Lu3ga, began training in September and are due to graduate
by December 31st. The loss of the "Manzanilla" however,
may delay the course.
The Governmect' of Cuba has provided 7 instructors for the
School .' *
( 19 words)
IMPORTANT WINBAN SEMINAR
Windward Islands bananas are in danger of being replaced
on the British marked by fruit from South American count-
This opinion was expressed by Mr. Ivo Sinsoa, President of
the Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN), as he ad-
dressed a joint Management Seminar for Banana Development
Officers and Fruit Quality Officers held in St. Vincent from i
5th to 8th November.
"On the British market the.e days", he said, "there if a
lack of p:-(-fc on from the Windward Islands so they are
getting fruit from the South American countries. This
is going to affect us. The South American fruit will be-
come more widespread on the British Market because of our
shortfall and so the British housewife wi1 get accustomed
to their fruit."
Page 26 THE GRBNADA NBWSU BTIM Week Ending 15.12.79.
This seminar, organised to develop strategies to get across to
banana farmers the right methods of new cultivation practices,
was attended by participants from Grenada, St. Vincent, St.
Lucia and Dominica.
Participants attended field tours and there were practical train-
ing sessions in twine propping, harvesting grade identification,
field demanding, field box use and field packing.
Gift Fzom Iraq
The government of Iraq has given the People's Revod aionary Gov-
ernment US$2 million. '
Acknowledging the gift, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has assur-
ed the Government of Iraq that Grenada will continue "to support
the Arabs in their struggle for justice and peace in the Middle
ist. The Prime Minister also "reaffirmed full support for the
Palestine Liberation Organisation in %Wir struggle for freedom
SStrachan At Transport Conference
Minister of Communications, Works & Labour, Mr. Selwyn Strachan,
SAft the isld on December 7th for St. Lucia to attend the Car-
ibbean Commun y (CARICOM) Conference for Transport ~nisters.
The main item on the agenda was adoption of a p-year Development
Programme for the West Indies Shipping Corporation.
The Cor.ferencer ended on December 12th.
Week Bnding 15.12.79 THE GRENADA NBWSLETTER Page 27
Shipped to ....
* 2,564,180 3,711,002
Total .Dollars (EC)
Earned to ....
~c. -~- -~Y- ----------