Volume 7 Number 31
For The Week Ending 20th October-1979
7th Year of Publication - - 229th.Issue
Due to a series of circumstances, there has been no.publication of
NEWSLETTER for the last three weeks. The last issue was for
the week ending September 22nd. This issue, for the week ending
October 20th, covers the period September 23rd to October 20th.
BISHOP ADDRESSES UN
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop has called on the United Nations to
take seriously the 'new threat' posed to the Caribbean by US
President Carter in his address to the people of rica on
Mr Bishop's call came on October 10th ding his maiden speech to
the General Assembly of the United Natfls, and the Prime Minister
said his Govrnment viewed lith great concernthe."cold; wr and
militaristic steps" proclaimed by the U Presi nt.
"The US GoVernment has an established patt*fn of using gun-boat
diplomacy, blockades, desfabilisation tac*cs and cther cold war
measures against the peoples of Latin America and the Caribb an
Prime Minister Bishop thought the US is attemptingr'to revive the
Monroe Doctrine under which that country claims the unilateral
I Produced & Printed by ALister & Cynthia Hughes
p o Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindie. i
Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20,10.79
right to intervene militarily in the domestic affairs of any country
in the region. "It isa matter of historical record", the Prime
Minister said, "that such interventions took place in the Dominican
Republic, Haiti, Guatemala, Colombia, Mexico, Nicaragua, and in the.
very Cuba that, today, they are expressing so much hostility towards."
Mr Bishop affirmed that the Caribbean belongs to the people of the
Caribbean, and ie Government of Grenada upholds the democratic
Right of the people of the Caribbean to choose their own government
and political systems. His People's Revolutionary Government
rejected the United States plan to set up a Caribbean Task Force,
and the Prime Minister called upon the International Community to
join with the Grenada Government in demanding an immediate withdrawal *
of the US proposal.
Speaking for just under three quarters of an hour, Prime Minister
Eishop touched n a range of subjects and took the opportunity to
'estate Grenada's stand against imperialism which, he said, is "the
greatest enemy of mankind."
S"We have, for ex e", he said, "the cold-blooded support of the
S imperialist countries for the murderous apartheid regimes of
Southern Africa, as opposed to the moral and material support given
the Freedom Fighterby thejocialist Community."
Mr Bishop raised the iWportant issue of small states inr the
International Commun&y. Notwithstanding Grenada's basic position
tht ll states are equa, sovereign and independent, he said, the
fact cannot be lost sigh'tof that there are significant physical,
demogra hic ar~ economic differences among members of the UN. He
thought the issue of small size and scale are not incidental to the
levels of development o small countries, or to their significance
in the conduct of international relations.
"Small size must be explicitly recognized as a dimension of
international relations", he said.
Poverty and dependence can apply to both small and large states,
Me Bishop said, and he thought there are some disabilities
cTaerienced by small countries that weigh heavily in explaining
Week Ending 20.10.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
their economic and social problems.
Concluding his address, Prime Minister Bishop paid tribute to
the outstanding work of the United Nations over the past three
decades. "For our part", he said, "we confirm our commitment to
the noble aims, ideals and objectives of this great Body, and
pledge our contribution to the building of a New World in which the
poor of the world will, at last, obtain social, economic and
"TORCHLIGHT" CLOSED DOWN
In the interest of "peace, order and national securityy, the
S Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper has been ordered by the People's
Revolutionary Government to cease publication immediately and until
This order was given on Saturday October 13th and was in the form
of a broadcast over Radio Free Grenada by Mr Hudson Austin,
Secretary for Security and Commander of the Armed Forces.
Mr Austin said the newspaper had been publishing "vicious lies" and
he referred specifically to a front page newsstory which appeared
in the "Torchlight" issue of Wednesday October 10th. In this
newsstory, he said, "Torchlight" accused the People's Revolutionary
Government (PRG) of "pointing guns" at Rastafarians, of "stepping
children of Rastas from being able to go to school" and of
"promising sections of Rastas land for the purpose of planting weed"
"All these and other vicious lies on the part of 'Torchlight', now
and in the past, have clearly been designed to stir up the maximum
amount of confusion and unrest in the country Mr Austin said.
The Secretary for Security said the newspaper had two-main
objectives. The first was to stir demonstratipcs against the PRG
and the second was to stir the Rastafarians to undertake acts of
violence and bloodshed.
"This is the straw that broke the camel's back", Mr Austin said, I
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Endinh 20.10.79
"In the interest of peace, order and national security, effective
immediately, and until further notice, the 'Torchlight' newspaper
shall cease publication."
Mr Austin said the security forces are investigating the Editor as
well as the author of the "article" with a view to determining what
appropriate action should be taken. He felt there are people in
Grenada who still do not realise there is a revolution in the country.
"They will simply have to learn the hard way", he said.
On Tuesday (16th) Mr Austin issued a further statement in which he
repeated his charges against 'Torchlight', and said the paper had
printed other lies including "those reprinted from the Foreign Press",
which were known to "Torchlight" to be false. He said also that
the paper had revealed the location of an Army camp.
"The 'Torchlight' has been warned no less than 30 times that these
practices had to stop", he said, "but all warnings fell ;on deaf ears."
Mr Austin charged further that, "In addition to the lies and
misinformation carried about the activities of the PRG, the paper has
consistently failed to open its columns to a wide range of views."
"Indeed", Mr Austin said, "on one occasion the paper had the nerve to
assert that those who had opposing views to theirs would have to pay
to get them printed. Such an assertion was not surprising, given
the fact that over 50% of 'Torchlight's shares are owned by Mr D M B
Cromwell, the 'Express' newspaper and four others, clearly a very
small sector of the society."
Mr D M B Cromwell, Managing Director of Grenada Publishers Ltd,
publishers of 'Torchlight', told NEWSLETTER that the newsstory which
offended Mr Austin was the report of an interview done by the paper
with two known and named members of the Rastafarian cult. Mr Cromwell
said the opinions expressed in the newsstory are those of the Rastas
interviewed and this was made clear.
"It is surprising to me that the Government has taken action against
ie 'Torchlight' for opinions expressed by other persons", he said.
Week Ending 20.10.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5
The Managing Director said the closing of the newspaper was "the
logical conclusion to the harassment to which we have been exposed
over the past few months", and he said he welcomed the threat of
an investigation by the security forces which Government had made.
"The only charge to which we plead guilty is that we stand
unswervingly in the cause of freedom of the press", Mr Ctomwell
told NEWSLETTER. "If, because of this, the Grenada Government is
displeased with 'Torchlight', then we wait for the people of the
Caribbean to judge our case."
Delivering an address as he declared open the Annual General
Meeting of the Caribbean Association of Industry & Commerce today
(20th), Prime Minister Maurice Bishop referred to the closure of
'Torchlight' and expressed his opinion on the role of the Press.
The job of the media, he said, is to inform and educate, and to
do this it is necessary to carry the views of the people and to
"publish the reality and the truth about what is happening in a
"If the Government is involved in programmes, and we are", he said,
"a 'national', not a 'sectarian' newspaper, must publish those
programmes. If the Government goes abroad and tries to do some
things for our country, whether you agree or disagree, you must
publish it and, thereafter, or at the same time, give your point
of view. If the ordinary broad masses write articles in to your
paper, and you don't agree with the comments there, that is not your
business. Publish it, and you can then challenge it in an
The Prime Minister said that was the job of a free and national and
responsible newspaper but, if the paper saw its role as being to
publish only the views of a small minority, the paper, cannot call
"We have no objection to any one individual putting their views out
in writing", Mr Bishop said, "but, if their views are really one
individual, call it that. Dont try to fool anybody with 'national
Pge 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.10.79
and 'free' and 'responsible' and 'independent'. If one man owns
and controls the 'Torchlight' newspaper, the paper should not be
called 'Torchlight'. It should be called 'The Cromwellite', and
you publish under that. So, nobody is fooled. Everybody
understands that the one individual who, in effect, owns and controls,
that is his view. We would be happy with that."
"We cannot afford a situation in our country", the Prime Minister
continued, "where minorities are allowed to peddle their views and
their news under the guise of nationalism, of national."
Mr Bishop said that, in the context of revolutionary Grenada, the
newspaper business cannot be considered as being "another area of
possible investment". If a business wishes to invest to sell
flour, rice, cars or insurance, that is proper investment, but don't
try to sell news, he said.
"It is too important to our country at this stage to allow people
to simply invest in newspapers", Mr Bishop said, "and as a result
of that investment, reflect only 2% or 1% or A-% view that is
attempted at being reflected by the particular newspaper. That is
our position, and we are firm on it."
The Prime Minister said Government intends to reopen the "Torchlight"
and to continue to publish the newspaper. "We intend to
democratise the ownership structure of the 'Torchlight"', he said,
"and, under that process, when it is completed and the paper reopens,
we hope very soon, let the people of Grenada and the region judge,
four or six months from now, whether the paper has become worse or
better. Whether views are being published or not. Whether
criticism is still being allowed or stifled."
THE OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE OF 'TORCHLIGHT'
The Managing Director of Grenada Publishers Ltd, Mr D M B Cromwell,
owns 7,642 of the 35,352 subscribed shares of the Company. This
a, the biggest shareholding in the Company and represents 21.6% of
Week Ending 20.10.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7
The next biggest shareholder is Trinidad Express Newspapers Ltd
with 4,608 shares representing 13% of the Company's stock.
Together, the Managing Director and Trinidad Express Newspapers Ltd
control 12,250 shares representing 34.65% of the stock.
Of the remaining 23,102 shares, 2 persons hold over 1000 each, 66
persons hold over 100 each and 89 persons less than 100 each.
Sources close to 'Torchlight' told NEWSLETTER that, of
Mr Cromwell's 7,642 shares, 2,735 are 'bonus' shares, and the
4,608 shares of the Trinidad Express Newspapers Ltd are all 'bonus'
The sources said these 'bonus' shares were issued because of the
Company's inability to pay for goods and services rendered.
The sourses said also that, prior to 1972, Grenada Publishers Ltd
was a private company. In that year, the Company went public
in order to raise capital for modernisation but, by 1976, suffered
substantial losses ambunting to over EC$100,000.
In 1974, Trinidad Express Newspapers Ltd responded to an appeal
from Grenada Publishers Ltd for technical assistance in
reorganising the operation and management of the Company along
modern lines. On-the-job training and training at the "Express"
plant in Trinidad were provided and new accounting, organisational
and administrative methods were introduced. From time to time,
"Express" was also able to supply essential materials which,
because of large minimum quantities required in orders, and
'Torchlight's financial restrictions, the paper was unable to
According to the sources, the 'bonus' shares were issued to
Trinidad Express Newspapers Ltd for these services, and the
investment has paid off in that, in 1977, for the first time in
its existence, the Company 'broke even'.
S (316 words))
PRG TO 'DEMOCRATISE' "TORCHLIGHT"
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told Caribbean businessmen today
(20th) that the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) intends
__ ~I __ ___ _
paga THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.10,79
to reopen and publish the Grenada 'Torchlight' newspaper which it
ordered closed on October 13th.
Mr Bishop was addressing the Caribbean Association of Industry & *
Commerce as he declared open the Annual General Meeting of that
Body at the Holiday Inn, and he said the PRG intends to 'democratise'
the ownership structure of 'Torchlight'.
"Under that process", he said, "when it is completed and the paper
reopened, let the people of Grenada and the region judge, four or six
months from now, whether the paper has become worse or become better.
Whether views are being published or whether they are not. Whether
ri-ticism is still being allowed or whether criticism is being stifled.'
The Prime Minister said his Government is not afraid of criticism.
I : said the New Jewel Movement is structured on the principles of
criticism and self-criticism, and he and his colleagues have always
opened to public examination "even what people call our private
Mr Bishop restated his Government's objection to "minority control of
the Press", but said the PRG has no objection to any individual
'putting their views out in writing". But, he said, this must be
disclosed. People should not be fooled by calling the publication
'national' and 'free' and 'responsible' and 'independent'. And
Mr Bishop made a direct reference here to Mr D M B Cromwell, Managing
Director of "Torchlight".
'If one man owns and controls 'Torchlight' ", he said, "the paper
shouldd not be called 'Torchlight'. It should be called "The
Cromwellite", and you publish under that. So, nobody is fooled."
"We cannot afford a situation in our country", he continued, "where
minorities are allowed to peddle their views and their news under
the guise of nationalism, of national."
Referring also to the take over of the Coca-Cola bottling plant by
the PRG, Mr Bishop said the Minister of Labour, Mr Selwyn Strachan,
had intervened after the strike at the plant had been in effect for
over a month and it became obvious that "no solution was possible
WekEdn 0.07 H RNAANWLTE
or likely". The Prime Minister said Mr Strachan had proposed
appointment of "a normal Arbitration Tribunal" which, he said,
would be composed of one member nominated by the Union, one by the
Company and one by the Ministry of Labour. But, Mr Bishop said,
the Company refused to accept this.
"The Government, therefore, decided as a matter of executive right",
the Prime Minister said, "that it was in the interest of the country>
to keep production moving, to ensure that the people were able to
receive Coca-Cola as usual, to ensure that the workers did not have
to wait an undue period before this conflict was resolved, and also
because we genuinely believed that the solution proposed by our
Minister of Labour was a reasonable and just solution that
presented the possibilities and the opportunity for a quick
settlement of the dispute. We decided to intervene, we had the
Mr Bishop said the PRG is not attempting to fool anybody. The PRG
is saying there was a revolution in Grenada and that means something
One of the things it means, he said, is that there has to be a
certain continuity in productive activity so that those minority
elements who would wish to join with Gairy and other outside forces
to try to destabilise and derail the revolution, will not succeed.
Mr Mervyn Assam, Second Vice President of the Caribbean Association
of Industry & Commerce, in moving a vote of thanks to the Prime
Minister, said that as a "private sector man", he could not agree
with any Government which takes the kind of action the PRG did in
taking control of the Coca-Cola bottling plant. "To my mind", he
said, "a man's property is sacrosanct."
On the issue of the closing down of "Torchlight", Mr Assam said he
could not agree with the Prime Minister's statement that the PRG
cannot afford minorities to peddle their views under the guise of
"I find this kind of new political theology according to Prime
Minister Bishop unacceptable", he said, "because every Government
has the apparatus and machinery to develop Government information
_ __ __ ~ __~_~_ ~_
Week Ending 20.10.79
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Page 10 THE GRBNADA NEWSLETTER Week Finding 20.10.79
programmes, to develop their own political propaganda machinery to
counteract any of the distorted views that may be put out by a
newspaper, and to use it as a countervailing power, as a forum
within the society to debate issues and ideas".
Mr Assam said that, despite the fact that a newspaper may have
prostituted the principles of 'independence', 'nationalism', 'freedom'
and 'responsibility', he could not approve any Government forcing
the closure of a newspaper.
MIr Assam agreed that, in a revolutionary situation, a Government is
sometimes forced to take certain types of actions because the situation
is not normal, but he believed that revolutionary leaders may tend to
take every situation as one indicating 'destabilisation' and,
consequently, take action that may not be appropriate or is more than
"Although our Prime Minister made a very forcible point about the
destructiveness that imperialism and colonialism have had on the
psyches of the people of this region through their various policies
of divide and rule", Mr Assam said, "I would like to interject that,
et us not replace the viciousness of imperialism and colonialism
,ith the destructiveness and debilitating effects of another type
Mr Assam congratulated Mr Bishop on the achievements his Government
has made "over the past seven months under very difficult
circumstances", and he hoped the Private Sector in Grenada and the
Caribbean will continue to recognize any efforts made by the Grenada
veornment to improve the social, human and economic conditions of
Grenadians. He assured Mr Bishop, however, that the Private
sector reserved the right to intervene with criticism or other legal
means to indicate displeasure or concern over any action the PRG may
Week Ending 20.10.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
THINGS NO BETTER WITH COKE
The situation has not improved with respect to the take over by
Government of the Coca-Cola bottling plant.
Following an unresolved industti 1 dald between the owners of the
plant, W E Julien & Co Ltd and the Commercial & Industrial Workers
Union, Government took the plant from the Company on September 21st
and has been operating it since then.
Reliable sources say there have been discussions between the
Ministry of Labour and the Company, but no information has been
released. It is reported also that a local firm is negotiating
to purchase the bottling plant, but this could not be confirmed.
GNP COMMENTS ON ISSUES
The People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) would be well advised
to take stock of the direction in which Grenada is going.
This opinion is expressed by the Grenada National Party (GNP) in a
press release issued on Thursday (20th) in which the Party comments
on Government's closure of the 'Torchlight' newspaper, and GNP
makes the observation that it is not possible to correct an alleged
wrong by committing an even created wrong.
"If the Government considered the 'Torchlight' newspaper was not
playing fair", the release says, "surely they have more
appropriate means to deal with the situation."
GNP points out that the PRG controls Radio Free Grenada and that
there is a Government owned newspaper, the "Free West Indian". It,
is also pointed out that Government has "a well staffed Department
of Information", and GNP feels these avenues could be used in a
positive way to counter any publicity which is considered
"To close down the only independent, free newspaper", GNP says,
"is to rashly deny the reading public of their only source of
expression, and to cast severe doubts on Government's protestations
'~.- ''- ---- "" ----- '-
Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.10.79
about freedom of the press".
The release says that Government's press releases with regard to its
intention concerning 'Torchlight' has introduced an atmosphere of
confusion. GNP says the newspaper is owned by a registered public
company with registered shareholders and is a legal entity. "How
could Government, therefore, proceed to 'democratise' the management,
as the releases say", GNP asks, "without acquiring the legal ownership
of the Company ?"
According to GNP, those in the PRG who have the capacity and time to
reflect would recognize that the Government's image must be sullied
Ly the close down of the 'Torchlight', and would conclude that the
revolution would be more soundly based if developed on rules of
G3P's release comments also on the take over by Government of the
Coca-Cola bottling plant, the controversy at the Grenada Boys
Secondary School (see page 15) and the arrest of twenty more
p-litical detainees (see page 14).
CARBERRY'S PASSPORT RETURNED
SMr Eslee Carberry, Editor of the Grenada "Westindian Crusader"
newspaper, had his passport returned to him on October 2nd.
"he passport was taken away early in September and there is some
i.onfusion as to the reason for this. A source in the Government
Information Services told NEWSLETTER that the confiscation of the
passport was to ensure that Mr Carberry remained in Grenada to answer
a charge of assault pending against him.
Wh(n the case came before a Magistrate on September 17th, however, the
police said they knew nothing of Mr Carberry's passport and the
Magistrate expressed surprise that, for a simple charge of assault,
somebody's passport would be taken away. NEWSLETTER checked with
the Commissioner of Police who said the confiscation had nothing to
du with the assault charge but with "other matters" being investigated
S by the Ministry of National Security. *
Week Ending 20.10.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Tase A3
The case against Mr Carberry was postponed on September 17th and
was heard on October 1st. Mr Carberry was charged jointly with
Mr York Marryshow, a freelance journalist, with assaulting a
Grenada resident, Mr Curtis Van Styvessant. Mr Marryshow was
acquitted but Mr Carberry was found guilty and fined EC$25.00.
On the day following the case, Mr Carberry's passport was returned
to him. He was also given a letter from the Police to the
Security Officer at Pearls Airport. This letter gave permission
for Mr Carberry to proceed to Barbados to have his newspaper
SHUMPHREY & WARDALLY JUMP BAIL
Two Grenadians charged in the United States under the gun laws
and released from jail on bonds of US$10,000 each, have escaped
and returned to Grenada.
The men, Chester Humphrey and James Wardally, were arrested in the
US on February 2nd last and charged on six counts involving
crossing State lines with weapons, defacing serial numbers on
weapons, and smuggling arms and ammunition to Grenada. Their
case was due to be heard in Washington, DC, on October 3rd, bt '
they arrived in Grenada the day before that.
Both men are members of the New Jewel Movement and, since the
revolution of March 13th, the People's Revolutionary Government has
been making efforts to have the US drop the charges. Both the
Acting Attorney General, Lloyd Noel, and the Ambassador to the
United States, Kendrick Radix, have held talks witn the US State
and Justice Departments. It is reported, however, that their
efforts have had no success.
A press release from the Chairman of the Humphrey/Wardally Defence/
committee, Barbados born barrister Mr Bobby Clarke, says assurance
were given by several US State Department officials, including
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, that the charges would be droppa
Pg 14 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.10.7&
L- "However", Mr Clarke says, "following Grenada's recognition of the
Sandinista led Reconstruction Government in Nicaragua, at a time
when the US Government was trying to impose its formula for a US
style solution, the State Department reversed its decision."
Messrs Humphrey and Wardally decline to talk about their escape and
insist they had no accomplices or assistance from anyone in making
their getaway. "Absolutely no one helped us to get out of the
United States", Mr Humphrey told NEWSLETTER, "it was a purely
S The Security Forces have detained 20 more persons. The arrests
took place on the night of October 14th/15th, and a news item on
Radio Free Grenada referred to these people as 'insurgents' and
said they had been picked up in various parts of the island and had
been found in possession of arms and ammunition.
SAccording to the official publication of the New Jewel Movement (NJM),
it was discovered that these 20 persons were involved in a plot to
assassinate the leadership of the People's Revolutionary Government.
The names of the 20 arrested persons have not been disclosed and no
charges have been laid against them, but NEWSLETTER has been able
to identify seven. These are Winston Whyte, Teddy Victor, Stanley
S Cyrus, James Herry, Anthony Mitchell, Winston Crowe and Cyril Anthony
Winston Whyte is the former Political Leader of the United People's
Party, and held a seat in the last House of Representatives. He
has recently founded a new Party, the People's Action Liberation
S Teddy Victor is co-founder (in 1973) with Unison Whiteman (now a member
of the PRG) of the JEWEL Movement. JEWEL subsequently merged with
'-urice Bishop's Movement for Assemblies of the People (MAP) to form
thM New Jewel Movement (NJM). Victor has.not been close with Nt.
,r -jme three or four years. (continued)
L ~ ~"
Week Bnding 20.10.79 iTHGRHNADA NEWSLETTER Page 15
Winston Crowe and Cyril Anthony Daniel are two members of the
Rastafarian cult known respectively in the cult as Ras Nna and Ras
IErsto Jojo. Crowe and Daniel gave an interview to the Grenada
'Torchlight' newspaper which, when published on October 10th,
displeased the People's Revolutionary Government which ordered the
closure of the newspaper. (see page 3)
Students at the State-owned Grenada Boys' Secondary School (GBSS)
have protested to Government over the transfer of their Headmaster,
Mr Valentine Francis, to the Ministry of Education.
Mr Francis' transfer took place on October 9th and it is reported
that he had very little notice. Reliable sources say the
possibility of the transfer had been discussed with him previously
but the matter had not been finalised. Early on the morning of
the <9th, however, he was instructed officially not to report to the
school but to go directly to the Ministry to work.
Informed sources say the GBSS students were upset over the manner of
Mr Francis' transfer,, and a delegation of seven visited and had
talks with the Minister of Education, Mr George Louison. It is
Snot clear what displeased the Minister, but he insisted on an
apology before the assembled school and this was arranged for Friday
12th. However, the apology did not please Mr Louison. ,
The seven students were suspended and all other secondary schools
were forbidden to enroll them.
On the following Monday (15th) there was unrest at the school aqd a
boycott of some classes. Then yesterday (19th), some 400 GBSS
students demonstrated through St Georges in protest against the
suspension of the 7 students. The demonstration stopped for *
about 15 minutes outside the Ministry of Education, but no attempt
was made to send a delegation in.
Today (20thj, representatives of the National Students Council had
talks with officials of the Ministry of Education and with the
c ---- --
students. As a result, the students have given a writtenn apology
to the Minister and they will return to school on'Monday (22nd)
Twenty political prisoners were released from detention last Sunday
(14th). Only 19 persons, however, have actually been let out of
prison. One person, John Harry, has had charges of assault laid
against him, and, while ha was released as a political prisoner, he
remains in the jail as a regular prisoner awaiting trial.
Those released are :-
CUBAN AMBASSADOR PRESENTS CREDENTIALS
Mr Julian Torres Rizo, 35, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
of the Republic of Cuba, presented his credentials to Governor General
Sir Paul Scoon on October 3rd.
Mr Torres, who will be resident in Grenada, replaces Mr Ivan Caesar
Martinez Montalvo who was appointed non-resident Ambassador to Grenada
on April 14th. Mr Martinez is Cuban Ambassador to Guyana and non-
kresident Ambassador to Barbados.
Cuba's lrew Ambassador to Grenada entered the Cuban Foreign Relations
Department in 1967. In 1968, 1970, 1973 and 1974, he was a member
of his country's delegation to the General Assembly of the United
Nations and, in L975, he was appointed First Secretary of the Cuban
Mission to the United States. He held this position until 1977.
Following Mr Martinez' appointment in Apri:, Mr Torres held the post
Charge d'tlJaires in Grenada, having been, immediately before this,
. . d )t
THE GRENADA AR.WSLETTER
Week Ending 20.10.79
Week Ending 20.10.79 THE GRENADA NE LETTER Page 17
Director of Prices Control in Cuba's Ministry of Construction.
Ambassador Torres, who holds a degree in economics from the
University of Oriente, Santiago de Cuba, is the first resident
Ambassador in Grenada of any country.
IDuring August, the Ambassador's American-born wife, Gail, joined
him in Grenada. Mrs Torres is a journalist and has worked for
the Cuban newspaper, "Granma".
BELGIUM DIPLOMAT VISITS
Baron Andre de Viron, Second Secretary of the Belgium Embassy in
Jamaica, paid an official visit to Grenada from 2nd to 5th October.
Grenada was one stop of a tour Baron de Viron was making of the
Eastern and Southern Caribbean, other stops being Dominica,
Barbados, Trinidad & Tobago and Guyana.
GRENADA AT ILO CONFERENCE
Grenada was represented at the Eleventh Conference of American
States Members of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) which
opened in Medellin, Columbia on September 26th.
Representing the employer section of the Grenada delegation was Mrs
Angela Smith, President of the Grenada Employers Federation, wtkle
Miss Jeanette DuBois of the Grenada Teachers' Union represented the
The Government section of the delegation was represented by
Mr Robert Robinson and Mr Carl Groffith, Labour Commissioner and
Labour Inspector respectively.
At the Conference, Mrs Smith was selected as the employer
representative on the Committee which discussed public Labour
Administration. She was placed also on the Selection Committee
responsible for drawing up daily agendas and perusing all
Page 18 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.10.79
resolutions for submission to the general Assembly.
CAIC ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
Mr Geoffrey Thompson, President of the Grenada Chamber of Commerce,
has been elected to the Executive of the Caribbean Association of
Industry & Commerce (CAIC).
The election took place at CAIC's Annual General Meeting which was
held at the Holiday Inn today (20th), and Mr Thompson is to serve as
the sslpciation's Third Vice President for the next twelve months.
Elected to the post of President was Mr Jodha Samaroo of Guyana
while e Mr Mervyn Assam of Trinidad & Tobago and Mr Eric Kelsick of
'ontserrat were elected 1st and 2nd Vice Presidents respectively.
the 55th Meeting of CAIC's Board of Directors was held from 18th
to 2-th October, immediately before the Annual General Meeting.
According to a press release issued today (20th), the Directors
have pledged to increase their efforts in promoting the movement of
industries to the Less Developed Countries (LDC) of the Caribbean
In addition, the Directors requested that a new look be taken at the
Caribbean Investment Corporation and its role as the regional
financial vehicle specifically geared to the LDCs for small industrial
SUGAR SHORTAGES EXPLAINED
There are two main reasons for the sugar shortages Grenada has been
experiencing in recent months. This has been stated by a
Spokesman for the National Import Board which now imports the island's
brown sugar requ ements.
According to the spokesman, the first reason is a shortage of white
sugar which is imported by merchants. This shortage of white
''gar the spokesman said, led to an increased demand for brown sugar,
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
particularly among soft drink manufacturers.
The other reason for the brown sugar shortage, according to the
NIB spokesman, is that shipments from the suppliers in Trinidad,
Messrs Caroni Ltd, had arrived short, late or both.
In connection with the first reason, sources in the Business
Community deny that a shortage of white sugar created a run on
brown sugar and so caused a shortage. These sources say the
opposite is true. There has been a shortage of white sugar,
these sources say, but this has been caused because a shortage of
brown sugar created a run on the white.
It has been announced that Government has now identified an
additional source of brown sugar which will prevent a recurrence
of the shortage, and a shipment of 1000 bags is expected shortly.
Cuban Expert Reports On School Programme. Mrs Celia Rizo, a
Cuban education expert, has prepared a report on Grenada's Primary
and Secondary school programme. The report was submitted to
Minister of Education, Youth & Social Affairs, George Louison, on
Mutual Co-operation With Panama Following discussions between
the Minister for Agriculture, Tourism, Forestry & Fisheries,
Unison Whiteman, and senior Panamanian Government Officials,
agreement has been reached on cooperation between Panama and
Panama is to help Grenada in development of agro-industries and
animal husbandry, while Grenada is to assist Panama in development
of that country's cocoa industry.
Panama is also to aid Grenada's Banana Industry and assist in
attempts to develop animal feeds from local raw materials.
Week Ending 20.10.79
Page 20. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 20.10.79
The agreement with Panama also provides for student exchange
Costa Rican Ambassador Presents Credentials Costa Rican
Ambassador to Grenada, Senorita Virginia Trigueros, presented her
credentials to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon on October 9th.
Senorita Trigueros is based in Venezuela.
World Peace Council Visits Two members of the World Peace Council
(WFC) arrived in Grenada on October 8th for a four day visit. These
members are Mr Nathaniel Arboleda, Secretary of the Council, and
Mr Pat Rogan, a member of the WPC Australian Branch. Mr Rogan is
an Australian Member of Parliament.
Grenada To Host CTA/CTRC/CHA meeting A joint meeting of the
Caribbean Tourist Association, Caribbean Tourist Research Centre and
the Caribbean Hotel Association will be held in Grenada during the
first week in December.
:ocal Candied Fruits For Christmas Government's processing plant
Zor canning local fruits is now producing 1,000 tins per eight-hour
day, and a release from the Government Information Service says
Grenadian housewives will be helped by this this Christmas.
-f.particular interest are canned green paw-paw and dehydrated ripe
bananas which, when soaked in wine, are suitable for making cakes.
Also being preserved and canned are dehydrated hot peppers, hog-
plum nectar and fish in oil, tomato sauce and brine.
A bigger process
arrive by Decer
ssung plant has been ordered and is expected to
Grenada To Participate In Berlin lir Miss Palme Buxo, Secretary
of Tourism, disclosed recently 1tat Grenada will participate in the
8nrlin International Trade Fair in 1980. There will be a Caribbean
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Week Ending 20.10.79
Week Ending 20.10.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 21
village at the Fair in which each island will have its own
Fort George Renamed Fort George has been renamed Fort Rupert
in honour of Rupert Bishop, father of Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop, who was murdered in the 'mongoose gang' attack on an anti-
Gairy demonstration on 21st January 1974.
Fort Rupert was built by the French early in the 18th century and
was called originally, Fort Royale. It was renamed Fort George
in honour of the reigning king when Grenada first passed into
British hands in 1762.
Insurance Act Amended The Insurance Act (1973) has been
amended to make it an offence for an insurance company to
make payment outside of Grenada of a claim covering damage
or destruction of property in Grenada. This amendment
is made by People's Law Number 73 of 1979 which was
gazetted on 28th September 1979.
Gasolene Price Increase Gasolene is now being sold in
S Grenada at EC$3.95 per imperial gallon. This price became
effective on September ith.
20th October 1979
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