The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:

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y olume Number 26
For The Week Enq ing 25th August 1979
7th Year of Publication - - 224th Issue


The official publication of the New Jewel Movement (NJM) has
called on the peopg of Grenada to put the Grenada "Torchlight"
newspaper. "under heavy, heavy manners"..

In its issue of August 20th, the publication says O&enadians "must
be aware of the dangerous part which a lying newspaper can play
against a progressive People's Government", and it refers to the
"reactioary newspaper, 'El Mercurio' which "mounted a massive
campaign against the progressive policies'! of the Government of
Salvador Allede,.

The NJM publication says that, backed by money from the United
States Central Information Agency (CIA), that newspaper played a
key part in the overthrow and murder of Allende, and the putting
into power of Pinochet. "Brothers and sisters", it says, "we
say there is no way that that is going to happen in Grenada I"

Among other things, the publication complains that "Torchlight"
revealed the location of a camp of the People's Revolutionary Army,
printed "open lies and other stories aimed at discrediting the
Revolution", and published out-of-context extracts from the book
"Inside Cuba Today" by Fred Ward.

"What the 'Torchlight' did", says the publication, "'as to take

Produced 4 Printed by Alister & ,Cyathia M ughe
P Box 65, St.OGe-rge, Grenada, Wettindie .
I-- Lummnm ininmi mn

Page THE GRBNADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 25.8.79

_^ -- -- <(??----
'Fa few pieCes of the book where criticisms were madt and string

&em,ntogether without the other pieces which talked about All the

good tiingw happeningg In Cuba."
The publication said also that "Torchlight" has been warned that

publication of National Security information is punishable by

detention, but the newspaper has hot heeded. On August 5th, the

publication said, "Torchlight" published a front page editorial

eatingg that the People's- Revolutionary Government was "threatening"

the paper and making it clear the paper intended to continue to do

just as it wishes in the interest of what it calls "truth".

That type of "truth" could cause the death of thousands of Grenadians, ,

the publication said, and the Trinidad & Tobago "Express" newspaper

had printed a "mal iious editorial" which urged "Torchlight" to

"continue on that dangerous path". "We believe that this

behaviour cannot be allowed to continue", the publication said.

,"The people of Grenada have suffered enoi gh in the past", the NJM
publication said. "This is the time to build our Revolutioh and

our new saiety, not to break it down. Genuine and constructive

criticism is one thing, but the,freedom of the Press cannot mean

freedom to tear down the Revolution that we have all struggled so

hard to achieve."
(394 words)


The American Institute For Free Labour Development (AIFLD) is

trying to get certain trade union leaders to agree to use their

unions to destabilize Grenada's People's Revolutionary Government

and other progressive Governments.

This statement is made by the official publication of the New Jewel

Movement (NJM) in its issue of August 20th. The publication said

AIFLD was then holding a "secret meeting" in Miami andad .invited

"the most backward and reactionary trade union leaders in the

C* bbean to discuss the present political situation in the Caribbean."

_______ __ ,_ .

Week Ending 25.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

On 18th and 19th August, trade union representatives from 16

Caribbean countries attended a meeting in Miami sponsored by AIFLD

, and the joint American Federation of Labour Congress of Industrial

Organizations (AFL-CIO). Countries represented were Antigua,

Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada,

Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St Kitts, St.Lucia, St.Vincent and

Two trade union leaders represented Grenada. Mr Eric Pierre,

Secretary of the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union, left Grenada on

August 17th for the meeting and returned on August 23rd. The

other representative was Mr Curtis Stewart, President of the

Technical & Allied Workers Union, who was in the United States on

holiday at the time. Mr Stewart is an AIFLD coordinator of

regional training programmes.

The Trinidad & Tobago "Express" newspaper of August 14th reported

that five trade union officials had been invited to attend the

meeting. The newspaper said a source revealed that the five are

Francis Mungroo, General Secretary and Vernon Glean, President of

the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union (SWWU), James Manswell,"

General Secretary of the Public Services Association and President

of the Trinidad & Tobago Labour Congress (TTLC), Carl Tull, TTLC

Secretary, and Owen Hinds, Contractors & General Workers Union.

NEWSLETTER is reliably informed that three representatives from

Trinidad & Tobago attended the meeting. They are Francis

Mungroo, General Secretary of SWWU, Carl Tull, TTLC Secretary, and

George DePena, the International Labour Organisation's (ILO)

Caribbean Area Director of Workers' Education.

"The "Express" said a trade union source said AIFLD is concerned and

"desperate" about the "growing Communist threat" in the Caribbean.

The source told "Express" that it is coincidental that 'hillip Habib,

senior advisor on Caribbean and Middle East Affairs to the US

Secretary of State, should be visiting the Caribbean at the same

time that the invitation has been extended to attend the meeting in



Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 25.8.79

A "Statement of Views" issued after the Miami meeting says discussions

centered on "the many critical problems confronting the working class

in the Caribbean". It says bl:o that the meeting looked at the

ways and means of ensuring that trade unions become intimately

involved in solving these problems.

Unemployment was identified as a major problem and it was recognized that

the-Caribbean needs investment of a high labour intensive nature.

"The Conference was of the view that the United States should adopt

a more positive attitude towards the whole question of trade with

and aid to the Caribbean", the Statement says.

The Caribbean Labour Movement has been urged to "tap the sources of

financing"which are available for building a strong Labour Movement,

building leadership in the trade unions and creation of jobs. The

opinion was expressed that the Caribbean Congress of Labour had to

be strengthened and it must reorganise its approach so as to meet the
challenges in the region.

"There was a strong call for unity among the trade union movement as

it was felt that a strong trade union movement was necessary for the

preservation of democracy in the Caribbean", the Statement says.

In its issue of August 20th, the NJM official publication said it

hoped no Grenadian trade unionist would be "so un-patriotic" as to

agree to be used to destabilize the People's Revolutionary

Government. "But we must watch the behaviour of these trade

unionists who go", the publication said. "We must watch their

trade union actions when they return. They know that AIFLD is

a CIA-backed organisation. So, why are they going to this

meeting to discuss the political situation in the Caribbean 7"
(669 words)


If the United States Government agrees that there is a case for the

extradition of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy of Grenada, the

case will be heard before an Extradition Magistrate and, following

.hat it is open to Gairy to go through the United States appellate

Week Ending 25.8,79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page
i"- ----.. -- ^----'-----~-. ---

Acting Attorney General Lloyd Noel who went to Washington to make

formal application for the extradition, told NEWSLETTER on Thursday

(23rd) that the extradition procedure is a longer one than he had

thought originally.

"Contrary to what I thought before I left Grenada", he said, "the

procedure now entails Gairy's arrest and his appearance before an

SExtradition Magistrate where he has to show reasons why he should

not be extradited. When this is completed, he has the facility

to go through the Americal appellate system to prove that the first

Court is wrong."

Mr Noel, who said he was advised by the US State and Justice

Departments that Gairy is still resident in Californijzsaid that,if

all the appeals prove successful in favour of the Government of

Grenada, Gairy must be extradited to Grenada to face charges.
(188 words)


The People's Revolutionary Government has circulated the draft of a

new Income Tax Act and has asked that comments be submitted to

Government by the end of this month.

This draft appears to have been prepared by the deposed Gairy

Government. It is cited as "Income Tax Act 1978" ( which was

before the People's Revolutionary Government existed) and, in its

preamble, it is to be "enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty

by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of

Representatives ..." (which is not the form of the PRG's People's


The draft has 132 sections and 5 schedules and, according to a well

informed source, it is "a big departure from anything Grenadians have

been accustomed to." The source said there are certain basic

income tax law principles of the British pattern which the draft Act


Page 6 THE GRENADA'f-MtSLaTTER Week Ending 25.8.79

Giving an example of these principles, the source said that the same

income is never taxed twice., The source said that, as regards

Company Tax, the draft Act violates this principle.

Elaborating on this, the source said that, under the present Income

Tax Act, Companies are charged income tax at the rate of 50% of the

net profits. That is, 50% of the dividends payable to shareholders

is deducted and paid to Government as Company Income Tax. Shareholders

then pay Individual Income Tax on the full amount of the dividends,

i.e. before deduction of Company Income Tax, but the Government

refunds to the shareholder the amount originally paid as Company

Income Tax.

"In the draft Act", the source said, "the same procedure is followed

except that, instead,of refunding all the money paid as Company

Income Tax, Government will give back only half, and this means

that part of that income is being taxed twice."

Citing another instance in which the draft Act departs from the norm,

the source said the draft proposed that travelling allowances paid to

employees be taxable. It is common today", said the source, "for

employees to have to travel considerable distancesto getto, work,

and there are employers who pay travelling allowances to these

employees. The draft Act stipulates that tax must be paid on

these allowances."

NEWSLETTER is informed that among organizations asked to comment on

the draft Act are the Chamber of Commerce, Employers' Feder4tion,

Rotary Club and the Soroptimists. It is understood that several

recommendations for amendment are to be made.
(403 Words)


The People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) has called on Grenada

Electricity Services (GES) to investigate the possibility of using

hydro-electric power when setting up additional generating plants

"co as to cut down on our massive oil import bill".


_ __ ~I~

Week Ending 25.8.79 TH-. RENADA NEWSLETTER RaO 7

This information is given in a Government Information release of
August 1st which says that Minister of Finance Bernard Coard (then

Acting Prime Minister) and Minister of Communications, WoAS '

Labour Selwyn Strachan met that day with officials of the

Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC), major shareholders in G4.

CDC officials named are GES Acting Manager Rodney George, CDC Regional

Manager T A Kerwood and D K Wood, a Manager from the CDC Head Office.

GES was also called upon to improve safety standards for both workers

and the general public, to ensure proper standards of maintainance

of equipment so as to maintain a more reliable service to the

consuming public, "and crucially, they were asked by the Ministers

to speed up (and ensure) the electrification of the entire island

of Grenada."
(164 words)


A Cuban fishing trawler, the "Manzanillo", arrived in Grenada on

Friday (24th).

This ship, which carries a crew of seven, is stationed here to train

Grenadian fishermen in the use of modern fishing techniques.
(37 words)


An official of the organisation, United Grenadians of New York (UGNY),

told the Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper that "Grenadians in New York

are very concerned about the involvement of Cuba in Grenada's affairs."

The official, Mr Edward Dwarica, is Assistant Treasurei of UGNY and,

during a recent visit to the island, he told "Torchlight", "We are not

very happy about certain reports .we have heard." He said also, he

-as concerned over the "amount of arms" he had observed in Grenada.

Mr Dwarica denied reports that Grenada National Party Political

Sor Herbert Blaiza had had a meeting with deposed Prime Minister

r- Gairy who is now resident in the United States. He said also

page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSL.TTER Week Ending 25.8.79

He said also that it is not true that Fabian Redhead, a former

Ambassador of the Gairy regime, had addressed a UGNY meeting.

'ere J, o truth in these reports", Mr Dwarica told "Torchlight".
(136 words)


Rupert Bishop and Alimenta LaGrenada left Grenada in 1937. He

went to work in the Aruba refineries and she went to live in New

York. But, they had plans for a future together and, in 1939,

she joined him in Aruba and married him.

Rupert and Alimenta Bishop had two daughters, Ann and Maureen.

Then, on 29th May 19t4, their last child and only son was born.

They called him Maurice Rupert Bishop, and his destiny was to

become Grenada's Revolutionary Prime Minister.

The Bishop family moved back to Grenada in 1950. In Aruba, the

children had attended kindergarten but Maurice Bishop's education

really began when he attended the Wesley Hall primary school in

Grenada for a year. He then attended the St.Georges Roman

Catholic primary school where he won one of the few scholarships

then offered to attend secondary school. That was in 1956 and,

on that scholarship, he went to the Roman Catholic Presentation

College in January 1957.

In his final years of secondary education, Maurice Bishop decided

he would study law and, when he left Presentation College, he

worked for only a few months at the Registry in Grenada before

leaving, in 1963, for England.

Bishop entered Gray's Inn (not Lincoln's Inn as stated in

NEWSLETTER of 24.3.79) immediately and, parallel with this academic

endeavour, gained a degree at London University's Holborn College

of Law. He then began post-graduate work at King's Collage, in

the field of Grenada's constitutional development, but left this

to take employment in the British Civil Service as a Surtax

Examiner. In 1969, he returned to the Inns of'Court and
successfully completed his Bar Finals examination.

Week Ending 25.8.79 THE GRENADA NBWSLETTR :.' Fc 9

SIn 1966, Bishop married a Grenadian girl, Angela Redhead, who had come
to Britain the year before and who was a nurse at Queen Mary's Hospital

in Stratford, London. They have two children, Johnny and Nadia.

The family returned to Grenada in March 1970 and Maurice Bishop "hung

cut his shingle".

SAbout that time, the then Premier Eric Gairy had started a campaign of

brutilisation and intimidation of his opponents. Bishop responded,

in 1973, by forming a political group he called the "Movement for

Assemblies of the People" (MAP) and, in the same year, he merged this

Movement with another organisation, the "Joint Action for Education

Welfare & Liberation"(JEWEL) which had been established by his

colleague, Unison Whiteman. So was the New Jewel Movement (NIM)


It was on the NJM platform (in alliance with two other political

Parties) that Maurice Bishop was elected to the House of

Representatives in 1976. And, when it became clear that Grenada

could not be rid of Prime Minister Gairy's tyranny through the ballot

box, it was as NJM's leader that Bishop planned and executed the

March 13th revolution which placed him at the head of Grenada's

People's Revolutionary Government.
(471 words)


In the issue f6r the week ending 10th February 1979, NEWSLETTER

published the then most recent East Caribbean Currency Authority

(ECCA) Statement appearing in the Government Gazette. That

Statement was for October 1978.

The next Statement published by the Gazette is for April 1979, and

this leaves a gap of five months. It is possible taat disruption

Caused by the March 13th revolution may have caused this and

inquiries are being made.

lct-ils of the Statement of Assets and Liabilities as at 30th April

L979 are as follows :-


Demand Liabilities
Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
Bankers Balances
Unpresented Cheques

Bankers Deposits
SGeneral Reserve
Special Reserve
Other Liabilities

ement of Assets & Liabilities

$ 81,146,257

307 406

External Assets
Fixed Deposits'
& Money at call

Bankers Balances

'. 1



85,075,826 Internal Assets
9,952,733 Participating Govt's
SSecurities including
1,546 0 Treasury Bills 29,420,151
55,129,097 Other Assets 6,329,256

EC$257,958,452 EC$257,958,453


Edmunds at US Congress

Dr J Edmunds, Director of the Windward Islands Banana Association

(WINBAN) Research & Development, presented a paper on "The

Implementation of Plant Protection in Developing Countries" at the

9th International Coniress of Plant Protection held in Washington

D C between August 5th and 11th.

The theme of the Congress was "Protecting the World's Food Supply",

and it was attended by over 2,000 scientists and Government


The Congress was sponsored by the American Phytopathological

Society, the Entomological Society of America, the Society of

Nematology, the Weed Science Society of America and the American

Chemical Society (Pesticide Division).
(91 words)

Intercropping Research

Experiments are now being conducted by the Windward Islands Banada

Association (WINBAN) in intercropping bananas with other crops.

These experiments are being conducted at the WINBAN research

station in Roseau, Dominica and on farmers' fields, and one of the

aims is to see whether dasheen, maize, cowpeas, pigeon peas, sweet

potato, peanuts and mungbeans can be grown with bananas without

Paae 10

i ----~-~-----~

Week.pdina 25.8.79' THU GAWV";MLt=ItSR Pagce 11

affecting yields adversely.

Other objectives are to monitor changes in soil nutrient status as

a result of intercropping, record variations in nematode population

as influenced by various cropping systems and investigate the

economics of intercropping bananas as against planting fields of

bananas only.

Funds for this research are being provided by the International

Development Research Centre of Canada.
(123 words)

SGeest Complains Of Quality

Geest Industries Ltd, the sole buyers of Windward Islands bananas,

has complained to the Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN)

that the Company is having great difficulty marketing sub-standard

fruit from the Windwards,

WINBAN Directors met on July 29th and decided that banana boxing

plants which persist in producing poor quality fruit should be

S"notified". If there is no improvement, then 'drastic action

will be taken by the Fruit QualityrAuthority". Fruit Quality

Officers have been instructed to embark on a vigorous, drive to

ensure that banana selection and processing is carried on according

to regulations.

"Bananas are now fetching the highest price in its history on the

Suropean market", a WINBAN release says. "It should therefore

be a source of.challenge to farmers to improve his bananas now so

that he can take advantage of the new attractive prices being

offered for good quality fruit."
(150 words)

:loser Ties Needed With Honduras

Honduran banana officials visited the WINBAN headquarters in

St.Lucia early in June and expressed the view that there should

Sbe closer links between WINBAN and the Honduras Banana Corporation





ge ` la THE GRE DA 'NWLB g Week Ending 25.8.79

Members of the visiting delegation were Mr Vincente Diaz, President

of COBANA, Mr Carlos Zacarias, COBANA Marketing Manager, and

Mr Mario Ponce, Advisor. Purpose of the visit was to study the

organisational structure and role of WINBAN and the island

Associations in the Banana Industry of the Windward Islands.

A WINBAN release says the "target production" of Honduras is pne

million tons of export bananas, of which 86% to 90% goes to the

USA, 10% to Germany and the balance to Canada and Holland.
S(114 words)

Perryman Addresses Junior Diplomats

Mr Daniel A "Chung" Perryman, Managing Director of WINBAN,

addressed junior diplomats attending a training programme

in Barbados in June.

The programme, organised at the request of regional

Governments, was designed to inform potential Eastern

Caribbean diplomats of the duties they would incur in the

management and administration of a foreign service.

Mr Perryman, who attended the programme at the invitation of the

Commonwealth Secretariat in Lorndo, touched on a number of facets

relative to the Windward Islands Banana Industry.

Among statistics quoted by the Managing Director was that the

Windward Islands and Jamaica produced 61% and 62% respectively of

Britain's total banana imports in 1976 and 1977. In the years

1967 to 1979, the Windwards and Jamaica produced approximately

97% of total UK imports.
S(125 words)

Soil & Water Conservation.

WINBAN and the Ministries of Agriculture of Grenada, St.Vincent,

St.Lucia and Dominica have embarked on joint programmes to

investigate soil and water conservation in the four islands.

The benefits of irrigation to the small farmer afe also to be

examined and the programmes are to look into the advantages of

Week Fading 25.8.79 THE DRENADA NdWSLETTER Page 13

contour breaks and strip cropping, and terracing.

Farmers have been invited to contact Banana Development Extension

Officers if they wish to exploit springs or streams on their lands

for irrigation purposes.


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