y olume Number 26
For The Week Enq ing 25th August 1979
7th Year of Publication - - 224th Issue
"TORCHLIGHT" ACCUSED OF DESTABILIZATION
The official publication of the New Jewel Movement (NJM) has
called on the peopg of Grenada to put the Grenada "Torchlight"
newspaper. "under heavy, heavy manners"..
In its issue of August 20th, the publication says O&enadians "must
be aware of the dangerous part which a lying newspaper can play
against a progressive People's Government", and it refers to the
"reactioary newspaper, 'El Mercurio' which "mounted a massive
campaign against the progressive policies'! of the Government of
The NJM publication says that, backed by money from the United
States Central Information Agency (CIA), that newspaper played a
key part in the overthrow and murder of Allende, and the putting
into power of Pinochet. "Brothers and sisters", it says, "we
say there is no way that that is going to happen in Grenada I"
Among other things, the publication complains that "Torchlight"
revealed the location of a camp of the People's Revolutionary Army,
printed "open lies and other stories aimed at discrediting the
Revolution", and published out-of-context extracts from the book
"Inside Cuba Today" by Fred Ward.
"What the 'Torchlight' did", says the publication, "'as to take
Produced 4 Printed by Alister & ,Cyathia M ughe
P Box 65, St.OGe-rge, Grenada, Wettindie .
I-- Lummnm ininmi mn
Page THE GRBNADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 25.8.79
_^ -- -- <(??----
'Fa few pieCes of the book where criticisms were madt and string
&em,ntogether without the other pieces which talked about All the
good tiingw happeningg In Cuba."
The publication said also that "Torchlight" has been warned that
publication of National Security information is punishable by
detention, but the newspaper has hot heeded. On August 5th, the
publication said, "Torchlight" published a front page editorial
eatingg that the People's- Revolutionary Government was "threatening"
the paper and making it clear the paper intended to continue to do
just as it wishes in the interest of what it calls "truth".
That type of "truth" could cause the death of thousands of Grenadians, ,
the publication said, and the Trinidad & Tobago "Express" newspaper
had printed a "mal iious editorial" which urged "Torchlight" to
"continue on that dangerous path". "We believe that this
behaviour cannot be allowed to continue", the publication said.
,"The people of Grenada have suffered enoi gh in the past", the NJM
publication said. "This is the time to build our Revolutioh and
our new saiety, not to break it down. Genuine and constructive
criticism is one thing, but the,freedom of the Press cannot mean
freedom to tear down the Revolution that we have all struggled so
hard to achieve."
AIFLD TRYING TO DESTABILIZE GRENADA
The American Institute For Free Labour Development (AIFLD) is
trying to get certain trade union leaders to agree to use their
unions to destabilize Grenada's People's Revolutionary Government
and other progressive Governments.
This statement is made by the official publication of the New Jewel
Movement (NJM) in its issue of August 20th. The publication said
AIFLD was then holding a "secret meeting" in Miami andad .invited
"the most backward and reactionary trade union leaders in the
C* bbean to discuss the present political situation in the Caribbean."
_______ __ ,_ .
Week Ending 25.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
On 18th and 19th August, trade union representatives from 16
Caribbean countries attended a meeting in Miami sponsored by AIFLD
, and the joint American Federation of Labour Congress of Industrial
Organizations (AFL-CIO). Countries represented were Antigua,
Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada,
Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St Kitts, St.Lucia, St.Vincent and
Two trade union leaders represented Grenada. Mr Eric Pierre,
Secretary of the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union, left Grenada on
August 17th for the meeting and returned on August 23rd. The
other representative was Mr Curtis Stewart, President of the
Technical & Allied Workers Union, who was in the United States on
holiday at the time. Mr Stewart is an AIFLD coordinator of
regional training programmes.
The Trinidad & Tobago "Express" newspaper of August 14th reported
that five trade union officials had been invited to attend the
meeting. The newspaper said a source revealed that the five are
Francis Mungroo, General Secretary and Vernon Glean, President of
the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union (SWWU), James Manswell,"
General Secretary of the Public Services Association and President
of the Trinidad & Tobago Labour Congress (TTLC), Carl Tull, TTLC
Secretary, and Owen Hinds, Contractors & General Workers Union.
NEWSLETTER is reliably informed that three representatives from
Trinidad & Tobago attended the meeting. They are Francis
Mungroo, General Secretary of SWWU, Carl Tull, TTLC Secretary, and
George DePena, the International Labour Organisation's (ILO)
Caribbean Area Director of Workers' Education.
"The "Express" said a trade union source said AIFLD is concerned and
"desperate" about the "growing Communist threat" in the Caribbean.
The source told "Express" that it is coincidental that 'hillip Habib,
senior advisor on Caribbean and Middle East Affairs to the US
Secretary of State, should be visiting the Caribbean at the same
time that the invitation has been extended to attend the meeting in
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 25.8.79
A "Statement of Views" issued after the Miami meeting says discussions
centered on "the many critical problems confronting the working class
in the Caribbean". It says bl:o that the meeting looked at the
ways and means of ensuring that trade unions become intimately
involved in solving these problems.
Unemployment was identified as a major problem and it was recognized that
the-Caribbean needs investment of a high labour intensive nature.
"The Conference was of the view that the United States should adopt
a more positive attitude towards the whole question of trade with
and aid to the Caribbean", the Statement says.
The Caribbean Labour Movement has been urged to "tap the sources of
financing"which are available for building a strong Labour Movement,
building leadership in the trade unions and creation of jobs. The
opinion was expressed that the Caribbean Congress of Labour had to
be strengthened and it must reorganise its approach so as to meet the
challenges in the region.
"There was a strong call for unity among the trade union movement as
it was felt that a strong trade union movement was necessary for the
preservation of democracy in the Caribbean", the Statement says.
In its issue of August 20th, the NJM official publication said it
hoped no Grenadian trade unionist would be "so un-patriotic" as to
agree to be used to destabilize the People's Revolutionary
Government. "But we must watch the behaviour of these trade
unionists who go", the publication said. "We must watch their
trade union actions when they return. They know that AIFLD is
a CIA-backed organisation. So, why are they going to this
meeting to discuss the political situation in the Caribbean 7"
GAIRY MAY USE US APPELLATE SYSTEM
If the United States Government agrees that there is a case for the
extradition of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy of Grenada, the
case will be heard before an Extradition Magistrate and, following
.hat it is open to Gairy to go through the United States appellate
Week Ending 25.8,79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page
i"- ----.. -- ^----'-----~-. ---
Acting Attorney General Lloyd Noel who went to Washington to make
formal application for the extradition, told NEWSLETTER on Thursday
(23rd) that the extradition procedure is a longer one than he had
"Contrary to what I thought before I left Grenada", he said, "the
procedure now entails Gairy's arrest and his appearance before an
SExtradition Magistrate where he has to show reasons why he should
not be extradited. When this is completed, he has the facility
to go through the Americal appellate system to prove that the first
Court is wrong."
Mr Noel, who said he was advised by the US State and Justice
Departments that Gairy is still resident in Californijzsaid that,if
all the appeals prove successful in favour of the Government of
Grenada, Gairy must be extradited to Grenada to face charges.
NEW INCOME TAX ACT PROPOSED
The People's Revolutionary Government has circulated the draft of a
new Income Tax Act and has asked that comments be submitted to
Government by the end of this month.
This draft appears to have been prepared by the deposed Gairy
Government. It is cited as "Income Tax Act 1978" ( which was
before the People's Revolutionary Government existed) and, in its
preamble, it is to be "enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of
Representatives ..." (which is not the form of the PRG's People's
The draft has 132 sections and 5 schedules and, according to a well
informed source, it is "a big departure from anything Grenadians have
been accustomed to." The source said there are certain basic
income tax law principles of the British pattern which the draft Act
Page 6 THE GRENADA'f-MtSLaTTER Week Ending 25.8.79
Giving an example of these principles, the source said that the same
income is never taxed twice., The source said that, as regards
Company Tax, the draft Act violates this principle.
Elaborating on this, the source said that, under the present Income
Tax Act, Companies are charged income tax at the rate of 50% of the
net profits. That is, 50% of the dividends payable to shareholders
is deducted and paid to Government as Company Income Tax. Shareholders
then pay Individual Income Tax on the full amount of the dividends,
i.e. before deduction of Company Income Tax, but the Government
refunds to the shareholder the amount originally paid as Company
"In the draft Act", the source said, "the same procedure is followed
except that, instead,of refunding all the money paid as Company
Income Tax, Government will give back only half, and this means
that part of that income is being taxed twice."
Citing another instance in which the draft Act departs from the norm,
the source said the draft proposed that travelling allowances paid to
employees be taxable. It is common today", said the source, "for
employees to have to travel considerable distancesto getto, work,
and there are employers who pay travelling allowances to these
employees. The draft Act stipulates that tax must be paid on
NEWSLETTER is informed that among organizations asked to comment on
the draft Act are the Chamber of Commerce, Employers' Feder4tion,
Rotary Club and the Soroptimists. It is understood that several
recommendations for amendment are to be made.
PRG TO GES: INVESTIGATE HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER
The People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) has called on Grenada
Electricity Services (GES) to investigate the possibility of using
hydro-electric power when setting up additional generating plants
"co as to cut down on our massive oil import bill".
_ __ ~I~
Week Ending 25.8.79 TH-. RENADA NEWSLETTER RaO 7
This information is given in a Government Information release of
August 1st which says that Minister of Finance Bernard Coard (then
Acting Prime Minister) and Minister of Communications, WoAS '
Labour Selwyn Strachan met that day with officials of the
Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC), major shareholders in G4.
CDC officials named are GES Acting Manager Rodney George, CDC Regional
Manager T A Kerwood and D K Wood, a Manager from the CDC Head Office.
GES was also called upon to improve safety standards for both workers
and the general public, to ensure proper standards of maintainance
of equipment so as to maintain a more reliable service to the
consuming public, "and crucially, they were asked by the Ministers
to speed up (and ensure) the electrification of the entire island
CUBAN TRAWLER ARRIVES
A Cuban fishing trawler, the "Manzanillo", arrived in Grenada on
This ship, which carries a crew of seven, is stationed here to train
Grenadian fishermen in the use of modern fishing techniques.
GRKNADIANS IN NEW YORK CONCERNED
An official of the organisation, United Grenadians of New York (UGNY),
told the Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper that "Grenadians in New York
are very concerned about the involvement of Cuba in Grenada's affairs."
The official, Mr Edward Dwarica, is Assistant Treasurei of UGNY and,
during a recent visit to the island, he told "Torchlight", "We are not
very happy about certain reports .we have heard." He said also, he
-as concerned over the "amount of arms" he had observed in Grenada.
Mr Dwarica denied reports that Grenada National Party Political
Sor Herbert Blaiza had had a meeting with deposed Prime Minister
r- Gairy who is now resident in the United States. He said also
page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSL.TTER Week Ending 25.8.79
He said also that it is not true that Fabian Redhead, a former
Ambassador of the Gairy regime, had addressed a UGNY meeting.
'ere J, o truth in these reports", Mr Dwarica told "Torchlight".
BACKGROUND ON BISHOP
Rupert Bishop and Alimenta LaGrenada left Grenada in 1937. He
went to work in the Aruba refineries and she went to live in New
York. But, they had plans for a future together and, in 1939,
she joined him in Aruba and married him.
Rupert and Alimenta Bishop had two daughters, Ann and Maureen.
Then, on 29th May 19t4, their last child and only son was born.
They called him Maurice Rupert Bishop, and his destiny was to
become Grenada's Revolutionary Prime Minister.
The Bishop family moved back to Grenada in 1950. In Aruba, the
children had attended kindergarten but Maurice Bishop's education
really began when he attended the Wesley Hall primary school in
Grenada for a year. He then attended the St.Georges Roman
Catholic primary school where he won one of the few scholarships
then offered to attend secondary school. That was in 1956 and,
on that scholarship, he went to the Roman Catholic Presentation
College in January 1957.
In his final years of secondary education, Maurice Bishop decided
he would study law and, when he left Presentation College, he
worked for only a few months at the Registry in Grenada before
leaving, in 1963, for England.
Bishop entered Gray's Inn (not Lincoln's Inn as stated in
NEWSLETTER of 24.3.79) immediately and, parallel with this academic
endeavour, gained a degree at London University's Holborn College
of Law. He then began post-graduate work at King's Collage, in
the field of Grenada's constitutional development, but left this
to take employment in the British Civil Service as a Surtax
Examiner. In 1969, he returned to the Inns of'Court and
successfully completed his Bar Finals examination.
Week Ending 25.8.79 THE GRENADA NBWSLETTR :.' Fc 9
SIn 1966, Bishop married a Grenadian girl, Angela Redhead, who had come
to Britain the year before and who was a nurse at Queen Mary's Hospital
in Stratford, London. They have two children, Johnny and Nadia.
The family returned to Grenada in March 1970 and Maurice Bishop "hung
cut his shingle".
SAbout that time, the then Premier Eric Gairy had started a campaign of
brutilisation and intimidation of his opponents. Bishop responded,
in 1973, by forming a political group he called the "Movement for
Assemblies of the People" (MAP) and, in the same year, he merged this
Movement with another organisation, the "Joint Action for Education
Welfare & Liberation"(JEWEL) which had been established by his
colleague, Unison Whiteman. So was the New Jewel Movement (NIM)
It was on the NJM platform (in alliance with two other political
Parties) that Maurice Bishop was elected to the House of
Representatives in 1976. And, when it became clear that Grenada
could not be rid of Prime Minister Gairy's tyranny through the ballot
box, it was as NJM's leader that Bishop planned and executed the
March 13th revolution which placed him at the head of Grenada's
People's Revolutionary Government.
EAST CARIBBEAN CURRENCY AUTHORITY
In the issue f6r the week ending 10th February 1979, NEWSLETTER
published the then most recent East Caribbean Currency Authority
(ECCA) Statement appearing in the Government Gazette. That
Statement was for October 1978.
The next Statement published by the Gazette is for April 1979, and
this leaves a gap of five months. It is possible taat disruption
Caused by the March 13th revolution may have caused this and
inquiries are being made.
lct-ils of the Statement of Assets and Liabilities as at 30th April
L979 are as follows :-
THE GRENADA NESLBTTER Week Ending 25.8.79
Notes in circulation
Coin in circulation
ement of Assets & Liabilities
& Money at call
85,075,826 Internal Assets
9,952,733 Participating Govt's
1,546 0 Treasury Bills 29,420,151
55,129,097 Other Assets 6,329,256
WINBAN NEWS ROUNDUP
Edmunds at US Congress
Dr J Edmunds, Director of the Windward Islands Banana Association
(WINBAN) Research & Development, presented a paper on "The
Implementation of Plant Protection in Developing Countries" at the
9th International Coniress of Plant Protection held in Washington
D C between August 5th and 11th.
The theme of the Congress was "Protecting the World's Food Supply",
and it was attended by over 2,000 scientists and Government
The Congress was sponsored by the American Phytopathological
Society, the Entomological Society of America, the Society of
Nematology, the Weed Science Society of America and the American
Chemical Society (Pesticide Division).
Experiments are now being conducted by the Windward Islands Banada
Association (WINBAN) in intercropping bananas with other crops.
These experiments are being conducted at the WINBAN research
station in Roseau, Dominica and on farmers' fields, and one of the
aims is to see whether dasheen, maize, cowpeas, pigeon peas, sweet
potato, peanuts and mungbeans can be grown with bananas without
Week.pdina 25.8.79' THU GAWV";MLt=ItSR Pagce 11
affecting yields adversely.
Other objectives are to monitor changes in soil nutrient status as
a result of intercropping, record variations in nematode population
as influenced by various cropping systems and investigate the
economics of intercropping bananas as against planting fields of
Funds for this research are being provided by the International
Development Research Centre of Canada.
SGeest Complains Of Quality
Geest Industries Ltd, the sole buyers of Windward Islands bananas,
has complained to the Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN)
that the Company is having great difficulty marketing sub-standard
fruit from the Windwards,
WINBAN Directors met on July 29th and decided that banana boxing
plants which persist in producing poor quality fruit should be
S"notified". If there is no improvement, then 'drastic action
will be taken by the Fruit QualityrAuthority". Fruit Quality
Officers have been instructed to embark on a vigorous, drive to
ensure that banana selection and processing is carried on according
"Bananas are now fetching the highest price in its history on the
Suropean market", a WINBAN release says. "It should therefore
be a source of.challenge to farmers to improve his bananas now so
that he can take advantage of the new attractive prices being
offered for good quality fruit."
:loser Ties Needed With Honduras
Honduran banana officials visited the WINBAN headquarters in
St.Lucia early in June and expressed the view that there should
Sbe closer links between WINBAN and the Honduras Banana Corporation
ge ` la THE GRE DA 'NWLB g Week Ending 25.8.79
Members of the visiting delegation were Mr Vincente Diaz, President
of COBANA, Mr Carlos Zacarias, COBANA Marketing Manager, and
Mr Mario Ponce, Advisor. Purpose of the visit was to study the
organisational structure and role of WINBAN and the island
Associations in the Banana Industry of the Windward Islands.
A WINBAN release says the "target production" of Honduras is pne
million tons of export bananas, of which 86% to 90% goes to the
USA, 10% to Germany and the balance to Canada and Holland.
Perryman Addresses Junior Diplomats
Mr Daniel A "Chung" Perryman, Managing Director of WINBAN,
addressed junior diplomats attending a training programme
in Barbados in June.
The programme, organised at the request of regional
Governments, was designed to inform potential Eastern
Caribbean diplomats of the duties they would incur in the
management and administration of a foreign service.
Mr Perryman, who attended the programme at the invitation of the
Commonwealth Secretariat in Lorndo, touched on a number of facets
relative to the Windward Islands Banana Industry.
Among statistics quoted by the Managing Director was that the
Windward Islands and Jamaica produced 61% and 62% respectively of
Britain's total banana imports in 1976 and 1977. In the years
1967 to 1979, the Windwards and Jamaica produced approximately
97% of total UK imports.
Soil & Water Conservation.
WINBAN and the Ministries of Agriculture of Grenada, St.Vincent,
St.Lucia and Dominica have embarked on joint programmes to
investigate soil and water conservation in the four islands.
The benefits of irrigation to the small farmer afe also to be
examined and the programmes are to look into the advantages of
Week Fading 25.8.79 THE DRENADA NdWSLETTER Page 13
contour breaks and strip cropping, and terracing.
Farmers have been invited to contact Banana Development Extension
Officers if they wish to exploit springs or streams on their lands
for irrigation purposes.