The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text

Volume 7 Number 25
For The Week Ending August 18th 1979
7th Year of Publication - - 223rd Issue


A high level mission from Indonesia has been invited to come to
Grenada to discuss cooperation between the two countries in the
marketing of nutmegs'.

iThis was disclosed to NEWSLETTER today (18th) by Mr Robin Renwick,
Manager of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA). "I
expect the mission will include representatives of both the public
and private sectors, Mr Renwick said, "and it is hoped the visit
will be made sometime in the coming months".

Mr Renwick visited Jakata on the island of Java in Indonesia last
January and had talks with officials of the National Agency for
Export Development which is a branch of the Indonesian Government's
Foreign Trade Department. "The purpose of the visit", Mr Renwick
said, "was to discuss possibilities of some form of marketing
cooperation which would enable us lo control world export prices."

The GCNA Manager said Indonesia produces some 65% to 70% of the
world supply of nutmegs., and the major portion of the remainder
is produced by Grenada. Sri Lanka, St.Vincent and St.Lucia
produce some nutmegs, the supply from Sri Lanka and St.Lucia being

Mr Renwick said St.Vincent has an increasing supply and the annual
export crop is now estimated at some 200 tons, but the St.Vincent*

Produced & Printed by Alistar & C i s Hughes
PO Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westindies

Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Efl 18.8.79

crop does not have a large impact on the market, and he thought that

cooperation between Grenada and Indonesia would have a definite

influencee on controlling world prices.

Discussions were held also with the principal nutmeg exporters in

Indonesia who are now in process of establishing an Exporters

Association. The export of nutmegs from Indonesia is not

controlled by law as in Grenada, and establishment of a well

Sorganised Exporters Association would be a first step towards '

gaining control of export prices.

Mr Renwicl said the Indonesian Government is very interested in the

working of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association and it is the

ultimate aim to have a similar organisation established in

Tndonesia. There is, however, resistance by nutmeg exporters to

any Government "interference" in the industry and this resistance

extends to any attempt by Government to control prices through the

Exporters Association.
T:he fact that Indonesia is such a large country and that the nutmeg

production areas are widely separated, Mr Renwick said, is another

problem which has to be faced in controlling the industry. Added

to this, he said, is the problem of smuggling of nutmegs which takes

place on a considerable scale to nearby Singapore.

The GCNA Manager said the processing of nutmegs in Indonesia is very

similar to processing in Grenada, but there is one signignificant

difference which makes the quality of Grenada nuts more reliable

than the quality of Indonesian. This difference is in the process

of "floating" nutmegs which is done in Grenada but not in Indonesia.

In this process, the nuts are put into a bath of water. Sound

nuts si4 in the bath while defective (with cc y or mouldy

centres) float and are taken off. Mr Renwick thought this

process is not used in Indonesia because the Indonesian nut has

muci less fat content than the Grenadian nut.

"Their nutmegs are lighter and drier than ours", he said, "and, if

tl ey were put through this pr cess, a lot of good nuts would float,

Ea they cannot use this methcd of getting out their detectives."

Week Endinh 18.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

Because of the more reliable quality of Grenadian nutmegs, some

markets exercise a preference for the Grenadian product. One

such market is China and, on his way to Indonesia, Mr Renwick

visited the city of Canton, now more popularly known as Qwan Chow.

"We have been selling nutmegs to China for some years", Mr Renwick

said, "and the visit to that country was not only to promote

further sales, but to try to get a long term sales contract for,

perhaps, five years."

Sales to China have been made through London brokers, Messrs Rucker

& Slann, and it was on the suggestion of these brokers that the trip

to China was made. The Managing Director of Messrs Rucker &

Slann, Mr Phil Button, accompanied Mr Renwick to the Far East and,

in China, joined in discussions held with a Government agency, the

China National Native Produce & Animal By-Products Import & Export

This Corporation is the sole buyer of nutmegs in China. Some

alsc wro mae as ma roullt of th ,iait+ hut a+ttmmnts tn oeatalich

a long term sales contract were unsuccessful. Mr Renwick said,

however, that he discovered an interesting fact about nutmegs

imported into China.

"Most of the nutmegs brought into China are used in medicinal

preparations", he said, "and these are reported to be very useful in

control of vomiting, diarrhoea, and as a stimulant to the digestion"

Mr Renwick said that, in preparing these medicines, the nutmeg is

mixed with herbs. The preparations, known popularly as "Chinese

Medicine", are used widely among the peasant population on

prescription of doctors, and results are said to be very

satisfactory. Mr Renwick was able to secure a sample of this

medicine which is now being analysed.

Concerning the main purpose of his trip to the Far East, (the visit

to Indonesia), Mr Renwick was satisfied that it was well worth

while. "I feel strongly", he said, "that, while there are no

immediate results, establishment of cooperation between Grenada and


Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18.8.79

Indonesia in nutmeg marketing is certain to come, and this will be

of tremendous benefit to the nutmeg industries of both countries.

The personal contacts we have made with them have put things ahead

considerably and we now look forward to the next step which is the

visit of the Indonesians to Grenada "
(928 words)


Gasolene rationing has been introduced in Grenada with effect from

Friday August 17th. The measure was announced by Minister of

Finance Bernard Coard on Thursday (16th), and it is based on the

registration number of cars.

Cars whose registration ends in an even digit may have gasolene

Sprchased for them on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Those

ending in odd digits may be taken to the service station fuel

pump on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Sale of gasolene

Dn Sunday is prohibited by People's Law number 61 of August 3rd.

*In addition, the hours of opening of service stations have been

limited. On Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays, they may

open from 7.00am to 6.00 pm while, on Wednesdays and Saturdays, the

opening hours are 7.00am to 3.OOpm.

Buses and taxis are not affected by these measures and, irrespective

of their registration numbers, may purchase gasolene on any day of

the week from Monday to Saturday. However, service stations are

to keep a record of sales to buses and taxis with a view to

controlling excessive purchases, and the sale of gasolene in containers

is forbidden.

From early this week, long queues of automobiles have formed at all

,as stations throughout the island. It is reported that, due to

tanker breakdown In Trinidad, only Esso has supplies. Service

stations of the other two distributors, Shell and Texaco were closed

and the run on Esso stations was so great that deliveries from the

bu'- tanks could not keep up with the demand.

Week Ending 18 8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5

Government intervened on Tuesday (14th), requisitioning all Esso

stocks and ordering deliveries to Shell and Texaco. Texaco

* received a small shipment of gasolene soon after and the situation

is expected to return to normal next week when adequate supplies

are expected.
(265 words)


Grenadian motorists are now facing their fourth increase in fuel

prices for this year. Gasolene, which was increased to EC$2.84
per imperial gallon last December, moved up to EC$2.97 on March 2nd

and to BC$3.08 one Gasolene & Kerosene Prices
Per Imperial Gallon
month later. There Aecmbe 9 AUgust T979

was then a jump to EC$
4.OO -r
EC$3.45 on May 15th I '-4 L T -

and the most recent

hike was to EC$3.88 -
on August 9th. -

These increases

represent an advance

of 36.6% to August

9th in 1979 as

compared with a

total increase of

13.6% over the 12

months of 1978. In

1977, there was an



2.00o-- -

increase in January
to EC$2.35 per 1.501- I K osene

which price was -

maintained for the 1i -* -J- i -

entire year, the .80 --
next increase to A T; Refer to Table on Page 6

EC$2.50 coming in January 1978. For the period 5th Decembvr1l973

to 9th August 1979, gasolene has moved upwards in price from

Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Fading 18.8.79

EC$1.09 to 8C$3.88 per imperial gallon, an increase of 255.9%.,

Kerosene oil and Diesel oil have both also been subject to four

increases this year. The former,increased to EC$2.54 per imperial

gallon on December 8th last, had increases this year on the same dates

as gasolene, the last being to EC$3.95. This price is seven cents

above the price of gasolene and marks 'a milestone in the history of

fuel costs in Grenada in that this is the first time kerosene is more

expensive than gasolene.

Diesel oil was increased to EC$2.71 per imperial gallon on March 2nd,

moved up 14 days later to BC$2.87 and, on April 2nd, to EC$3.94 per

imperial gallon.

Over the period 5th December 1973 tp 18th May 1979, 100 Ib cylinders

of cooking gas have moved up in cost from EC$30.85 to EC$66.12, an

increase of 114.3%. This item, (delivery time to householders

now being eight to ten weeks), has been subject to three increases in

1979 from the December 1978 price of EC$55.12.
(332 words)

Gasolene, Kerosene & Co
December 1973 Au

Date of Increase

(Per Imp Gal)

5.12.73 (A) EC$1.09

1. 2.74
1. 6.74
.1. 8.74
3. 9.74
11. 1.75
31. 7.75
9. 1.76
29. 1.76
1. 6.76
20. 1.77
4. 5.77
16. 1.78
16. 3.78
2. 3.79
'.2. 4.79
18. 5.79
9A 8.79

2 .08

A to T

Refer to Gmrlnh

king Gas Prices
gust 1979

Kerosene Cooking Gas
(Per Imp Gal) {Per 100 lbs)
BC$ .82 PC$30,85



on Pana 5






A . .Re. ...--h

Week Ending 18.8.79 THE GRINADt NBWSLATTR- Page 7


Mr Chester Humphrey, now on bail (together with Mr James Wardally)

in the United States on charges involving arms and ammunition, has

objected to being called a 'boy' by the Grenada 'Torchlight'


In a letter to the "Torchlight" published in that newspaper on 15th

August, Mr Humphrey objected to a news item in the:pape,'s issue of

July 22nd. That item reported an interview in Grenada on July

19th with officials of the "Humphrey/Wardally Defence Committee",

Secretary Sue Sullivan and Chairman Anselm Remy.

In that interview, the paper reported Miss Sullivan as saying, "It

is the Defence Committee's view that the two boys are being held

hostage". And Mr Remy is recorded as saying, "Even if the two

boys had committed the alleged crime, the charges should be

withdrawn ....." In a letter to "Torchlight" published on 12th

August, Miss Sullivan and Mr Remy say they never referred to Messrs

Humphrey and Wardally as "boys", and they say, "we find this term

offensive and derogatory."
In his letter to "Torchlight", Mr Humphrey says the term has

connotations which are repulsive, derogatory and racist. "In

addition, of course", he said, "to the overall political strategy

which underlies the use of the term 'boy' or 'boys' in reference to

the leadership of the New Jewel Movement and the general Left

Movement in the country."

Mr Humphrey accused the newspaper of being the mouthpiece of the

Grenada National Party (GNP), and he said the term 'boy' had been

introduced by GNP only recently. Mr Humphrey said he did not

believe Miss Sullivan and Mr Remy had used the term "boys" in the

interview with "Torchlight", and he thought the newspaper should

apologise to them.

Mr Mark Julien, Acting Editor of "Torchlight", told NEWSLETTER

today (18th) he is certain Miss Sullivan, Mr Remy and Mr Humphrey

are attributing United States overtones to the term "boy". f.Ithei

southern United States", he said, "the term 'boy' has definr

racist and derogatory meanings which don't exist in Grenada. On

the contrary, it is a term of endearment here as is clearly seen in

the affectionate way in which the leaders of the New Jewel Movement

have been called the "Jewel Boys" over the past six years."
(374 words)


The United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is involved in

the prosecution of the case against Grenadians Chester Humphrey and

James Wardally, now facing charges involving illegal exportation of

arms and ammunition from the USA.

This is the opinion of the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) set

out in a press release issued on August 8th, and the release says the

preliminary hearings into the case have been "highly political". "It

is obvious; from the questions being asked", it says, "that the

prosecutions are mainly interested in collecting information about

progressive people and organizations in the Catibbean area."

According to the release, the Prosecutor threatened, at one hearing,

Sto indict Prime Minister Bishop and other members of the PRG.

The release said the feeling is widespread in American circles that

the strong views held by Humphrey and Wardally on American policies

in other parts of the world "is the cause of their hardship." "All

are highly critical of America's support for oppressive regimes in

South America and South Africa", the release says. "They have

Iunstintingly supported Black liberation movements in America.

They have spoken publicly against the racist South African regimes

Sand support the Zimbabwean people's struggle for liberation, Black

majority rule and genuine independence."

'he release said 25,000 is needed to pay defence lawyers employed

on behalf of Humphrey and Wardally, and the Defence Committee set

up in the USA has been able to raise $S,000 only. Contributions

were requested.

Th. hope was expressed in the release that by August 10th, the day
is case was scheduled to be heard, "over 5,000 letters would containn d)

Page 8

Week Bndin.18,:8 .?


Week Ending 18.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9

have been sent by patriotic Grenadians and other regional supporters

to the US Attorney General and the Secretary of State, demanding

Humphrey's and Wardally's freedom."
(286 words)


Defence lawyers in the trial of members of the "mongoose. gang" for

alleged attempted murder have complained to the presiding magistrate

that, contrary to the Preliminary Hearing Act which prohibits

reporting of evidence at such Court hearings, Radio Free Grenada

(RFG) has reported on hearings of this case. The lawyers

complained also that the report was inaccurate.

These complaints were made on Friday (17th), the second day of the

preliminary hearing, and defence lawyers Michael Andrews and Eamon

DeFreitas said the RFG report had been made on the evening of 10th

August, that is, the first day of the preliminary hearing.

Qi trial are Willie Bishop, Moslyn Bishop, Dudley Passee, Albert

Clarke, Alston Hood, Phillip Brizan and Frederick, all of

whom, with the exception of Frederick, have been held as political

prisoners since the day of the revolution, March 13th. Frederick

has been a detainee Eiola April 7th. These men were officially

arrested on Friday 27th July and charged with the attempted murder

of Eric Campbell, Joseph Grainger and Eslyn Cnristopher on November

18th 1973.

Also charged with this crfme are Gordon Noel and Raphael Brizan.

These two men were arrested and charged on July 30th and are now

listed among the detained persons.

These nine men are all alleged to have Seen members of the Police

Aids or 'mongoose gang', a squad of criminals recruited by deposed

Prime Minister Gairy for the stated purpose of assisting in the

preservation of law and order. The incident of the alleged

attempted murder of Campbell, Grainger and Christopher is one matter

which was inquired into by the Duffus Commission in 1974.

The preliminary hearing of this case was off to a slow start wheW

Page 10 THE GRENADAMNErWSLETTER Week Ehding 18.8.79

the defendants first appeared before Magistrate Lyle St.Paul on Monday

SJuly 30th. The Police Prosecutor said he was not ready to proceed

and asked for an adjournment. Admonishing the Prosecutor to "put

your house in order before you come tothis Court", the Magistrate

granted the adjournment to Friday August 3rd, but the hearing did not

start on that day either.

Four of the defendants had not yet made final arrangements to be

represented by counsel and a request was made for an adjpurnment.

This was granted by Mr St Paul to friday August 10th, but he warned,

"we are going to start the matter next time."

The hearing began on August 10th and continued on August 17th when

adjournment was taken to Tuesday August 21st.

Appearances in this case are :-

For Counsel
Willie Bishop
Moslyn Bishop )
Dudley Passee
Albert Clarke ) Michael Andrews
Alston Hood )
Raphael Br4zan )
Phillip Brizan )

Gordon Noel
5loyd -Frederick ) Eamon DeFreitas
'(415 words)


Grenada now has diplomatic relations with 54 countries, four of

which were established after the revolution of March 13th. The

first after the revolution was Cuba on April 14th, and this was

followed by Suriname on April 30th, North Korea op May 9th and

the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on July 15th.

The following is a list of these countries as compiled by the

Government Information Services to August 18th. It will be

noted that the date on which the relations were established is

not given in some cases. It is probable that in some of

these cases (e.g. Britain, Canada), diplomatic relations became

automatic when Grenada became independent on February 7th 1974, but

this has not been confirmed


Country. Esta
Republic of Korea
Socialist Romania
Trinidad & Tobago
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Socialist Republic of

Information on this has been


1. 8.74
11.. 5.75
2. 7.74
5. 4.75

6. 2.75

12. 5.75

21. 1.75
15. 8.76

2. 7.76

12. 6.75
26. 9.74
30. 6. 76
11. 4.75

El Salvador
The Bahamas
Costa Rica
The Holy See

15. 7.79 Cuba

19. 5.77

2. 9.76
14. 9.76
5. 7.78
31. 7.75
14. 4.77
19. 5.76
16. 5.77

7. 2.77

8. 8.76
5. 7,76
30. 4.79
17 :2.79
14. 4.79
9. 5.79 i


Statements by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, made at a press

conference in St.Lucia recently were misunderstood. This is

stated in a press release issued by the Government of Grenada in

response to a release put out by Geest Industries Ltd on August 15th

In its release, the Company expressed concern that Mr Bishop is

alleged to have said that "the implications of Geest Industries

phasing put its banana buying operations in the Windward Islands

could be very serious for the four islands"


Page 11


Week Ending 18.8.79

Eag THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18.8.79

Geest agrees that the implications could be serious if, indeed, the Company

was phasing out its buying operations and says it is possible that its

decision to reduce its activities as banana growers may have been


"In 1977 the decision was taken to dispose of our estates as small

holdings save for a 500 nucleus at Cul-de-Sac, St.Lucia", the

release said, "We believed it was inappropriate, in the context of

the 1970s, for us to continue as large estate owners."

The Company said the Prime Minister is reported also to have said

that "for a long time, Geest had been trying t deal with United

States dollar countries". "This is.entirely without foundation",

the release says, "and, if we might say so, irresponsible."

According to Geest, the Company's contract with the Windward Islands

Banana Association (WINBAN) has a clause which specifically binds

Geest to import Windwards fruit only unless it is insufficient to meet

marketing requirements, and it has been the practice of all United

Kingdom importers to replace tonnage shortfalls of Westindies fruit

with US dollar fruit.

"Banana exports to the UK from the four Windward Islands for the

first 7 months of this year and not only below estimates for 1979

but are 15,600 tons below those for a similar period in 1978", the

release said. "Geest has had to buy US dollar fruit in

replacement to protect the Windward Islands share of the UK market".

On another matter relative to remarks attributed to Prime Minister

Bishop, the Company said it was glad that, while Mr Bishop is

alleged to have said he does not rule out the possibility of the

reported move by Geest being connected with political changes in

Sthe three islands, he has no evidence of this.

"It is our policy to work with the Government of the day", the

release says. "We have far too much to do selling Windwards fruit

to have spare time exerting generalisedd political and economic

pressures' as has .lso been alleged by the Honourable Prime Minister."

In reply to the Geest release, the Government release says the

Family Life Associations in the Caribbean are aiming at the

development of a corps of personnel trained in family life and,

particularly, with expertise in sex education.

This was disclosed to NEWSLETTER today (17th) by Dr Everard Hosein,

Communications Consultant to the International Planned Parenthood

Federation (IPPF). Dr Hosein is now coordinating and taking part

in a workshop on "Caribbean Family Life Education" which started at

the Holiday Inn on Tuesday (14th).

"The rationale for this workshop is that the Family Planning

Associations are being called upon more and more by Governments to

plan, to coordinate, to be involved in family life education

in the schools", Dr Hosein said, "and what we are finding is that

the Associations themselves don't have sufficiently trained people."

The IPPF official said the purpose of the workshop is to develop a

training team in the Caribbean so that principles and concepts

related to family life can be introduced into the schools. "The

object of this is to improve the quality of family life", he said,

"and, hopefully, to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy which

is becoming a very serious and major problem of the Caribbean."


Week Ending 18.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13

essence of the Prime Minister's statements in St.Lucia is that

"it seems strange for Geest to be serious about increased banana

production while he is, at the same time, closing down his own

banana production." The release says also that Mr Bishop

expressed concern over "the small share of the final banana dollar

which goes to the farmer."

"The Government of Grenada welcomes the recent statement from Geest

Industries that its buying operations are secure", the Government

release says, "that he is not attempting to assert any political

pressure on the region and that, contrary to other information, he

isn't turning to other regions for supplies."
(643 words)


The workshop is sponsored by IPPF and runs until next Monday (20th).

Its 21 participants have been drawn from the smaller English-

speaking islands of the Eastern Caribbean, from Guyana, Trinidad &

Tobago, Jamaica, Aruba, Curacao, Suriname, Barbados, Bermuda,

St.Maartin, Costa Rica, Grenada and the United States Virgin Islands.
(241 words)


A typographical error appears on page 14 of NEWSLETTER for the week

ending August 4th. In the second paragraph of the newsstory,

"Torchlight Newspaper Threatened", the news release issued by

Mr Hudson Austin is said to have been dated July 7th. This is

incorrect. The release was dated July 28th.

A list of political prisoners and the dates of their detention are

given on page 4 of NEWSLETTER for the week ending August llth. On

that list, Mary Andrews is recorded as having been detained on

31.3.79. This date should read 31.7.79.

Also in connection with this list, NEWSLETTER's source gave

information as to the dates the detainees were confined at Richmond

Hill Prisons. In the case of at least three political prisoners,

the actual date of detention is earlier and the prisoners were kept

at Fort George. These three and their actual dates of detention


Desousa, Lester 22.7.79
Frank, Michael 22.7.79
Andrews, Mary 22.7.79

1 er ghes
18th gust 1979

--------------- --

Week Ending 18.4.79
.- ;- S


Full Text