Voiue 7 Number 23
'or The Week Ending August 4th 1979
7th Year of Publication - 221st Ispue
NINI SUMMIT IN GRENADA
The Govetnments of Grenada, St .Lucia and Dominica have decided, i:..
principle, to allow "Cafibbean nationals" to enter their reipectiv. :
territories withb6t a pkssport.
This is one of the clauses of the "Declaration of St.Georges"
signed in Grenada on July 16th following-a "mini summit" of the
three countries. This conference was called on the initiative
of the Grenada Government which was represented at the talks by
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, Minister of Finance Bernard Coard
and Minister of Education George Louison.
Representing St.Lucia was Prime Minister Alan Louisy, Deputy''rime
Minister George Odium and Minister of Agriculture Peter Jose. The
delegation from Dominica was comprised of Prime Minister Oliver
SWaphing,his Attorney General and Minister of Ltgal' Atfairs ..yar: *
Alleyne, and Minister of Agriculture Atherton Mkitin. '
The St.Lucia and Dominica delegations touched down at Pearls
Airport on the afternoon of July 12th where, in an impressive
ceremony, they were-welcomed by'Prime Minister Bishop and other
Government officials. Following tbia.ceremony, Prime Minister
Louisy told NEWSLETTER the main object of the mini summit was to
see whether Grenada, St.Lucia and Dominica could-face their
problems with a common front and, in this, he thought the people
Produced & Prin.ed by Alister & Cmythia Hughes
SPO Bo6x J5, St.George*, GrenAda, Weasti4ses
~ t .l
Pag 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week B ding 4.8.79
f thej.Aslaad should be given first consideration.
1'We have to consult them", he said, "and we have to make them feel that,
after all, they're the ones who have placed us in the position that we
re, and that they are now our masters and we are their servants."
Also interviewed at Pearls, Dominca' s Prime Minister Seraphinebaogght
Sh mini summit would define areas of mutual interest and this would
e reflected and be felt in the wider circle of the Caribbean
iPrime Minister Bishop told NEWSLBtTER, also at that time, that the
getting together of the three island Governments was nt, a
conventional approach and the mini summit wdbld lay a basif fox
.; nsultation of the people. "The critical question over this
>,;-ek end", he said, "will be the devising of mechanisms that will
e:.-ure that we can go back and consult and get the people to participate
in whatever decisions we take, finally, about the kind of Caribbean
we want to see."
I; Bishop said th questions of passport restrictions .a4d the "ban: on
:-ogressives" would also be considered, and he looked forwatatto' the
loosening up of some measures that will ensure that the people of
jthe region see the region better and get to know each.Aher."
'lain discussions of the mini summit were completed on Sat5gday 14th
,nd Sunday 15th and, on the latter date, the representatives f. the ,
three Governments attended a mass rally at Queen's Park on the
outskirts of St.Georges. There was a press conference on Monday
16th and, on the same day, the Declaration of St.Georges was signed.
"* O"(458 words)" *
DECLARATION OP ST. GEORGES
e following in the full text of the Declaration of St'.Georges
signed in Grenada on 16th July 1979 by the Prime Ministers of
Grenada, St.Lucia and Dominica.
"Rltognising with satisfaction that, since popular Governments in
Oor.inica, Grenada and St.Lucia have taten office, the friendly
Week Ending 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
relations between the three Governments and the. people of the three
countries have developed greatly on a new basis,
Confirming that the following -Declaration constitutes the basis of
the relations of peace, friendship and co-operation between the
three countries, and that the principles enunciated in the
Declaration should be strictly observed,
Reaffirming that the principles of the Treaty of Chaguaramas, the
Charter of the Organisation of American States and the Charter of the
United Nations should be fully respected,
Hoping to contribute to peace, development, friendship and regional
The Governments of Grenada, Dominica and St.Lucia, meeting in
St.Georges, Grenada between 13th and 16th July 1979, have declared
as follows :-
(1) The Governments of Dominica, Grenada and St.Lucia shall develop
relations of perpetual peace and friendship among their three
countries on the basis of the principles of mutual respect for "
sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-interference inqeach
other's internal affairs, equality and regional solidarity.
(2) The three Governments shall, in the good-neighbourly and
friendly spirit and in conformity with the principles of equality
and non-interference in each other's internal affairs, endeavour to
further develop economic, trade and cultural relations among their
three countries and to promote exchanges between the people of the
(3) The three Governments are aware that the people of their
respective countries have placed them in office so that important
Caribbean questions touching on the livelihood of the people may be
looked at in a new perspective.
(4) The three Governments also recognize that popular democracy,
respect for the rights of workers and social and economic justice
for the masses must be the main objectives of their Governments.
Page 4 THE GRBNADA.EMWSLETTER Week Ending 4.8.79
1(5) Any new Caribbean Organisation must provide for and ensure
maximum participation by the masses in .he region.
1(6) The need for closer cooperation is recognized, and in this
:respect, arrangements should be made for more frequent consultation
jat the highest level, and exchange of information to the mutual
'benefit of our countries.
(7) The Governments are not opposed in principle to the establishment
of a regional military force, provided its operations will be
limited to the countering of external aggression,iincluding the
threat of invasion by mercenaries.
(8) The proposed Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States shall be
I.rought into existence only after the widest possible consultation
-f and participation by the people of the three countries.
(9) The three Governments endorse an independent and nonaligned
approach to foreign policy relations with all countries. The
Governments also condemn any attempts at destabilising governments
of t)e region by means of propaganda destabilization, economic
*destabilisation or violent destabilisation. The Governments
particularly emphasise that the people of the Caribbean have a
sovereign right to develop their countries in their own way and free
from outside interference.
(10) The Governments oppose imperialism in all its forms, particularly
the domination and oppression of developing countries by big multi-
national corporations and their Governments.
(11) The Governments strongly oppose all traces of colonialism in
the region and internationally, and unequivocally support the
right of all peoples to self-determination and national independence.
In this regard, the Governments particularly express their support
for the granting of unconditional independence to Belize and reject
Sthe claim by Guatemala to ownership of part of the territory of
(1') The Governments also express their fullest support of and
st .idarity with the National Liberation Movements is Zimbabwe,
Week Ending 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLEttE Page 5
NaWibia, South Africa and Nicaragua.
(13) The Governments reconfirm their commitment to the principles
of Caribbean integration, co-operation and unity. In this regal
the decision in principle to allow entry by Caribbean nationals ii
their respective territories without the need of passports was tal
The Governments also announce that they have already removed bans
imposed by the previous regimes on progressive persons in the reg
(14) The Governments support the holding of, and urgently call fo:
a CARICOM Heads of Government Conference to be held later this ye
t1 5 The- Governments confirm that the Carihhban is one enti+t
regardless of language differences, economic differences, separation
by sea or other such.considerations. .The Governments therefore
emphasise the need for developing the closest possible relations
between the islands and couhtriet in'the Caribbean, regardless of
whether they are English, Dutch, Spanish or French speaking.
(16) The Governments agree to organise the exchange of all
information on oil exploration and-the law of the sea, and to devel
energy policies, including appropriate legislation, for the three
(17)The Governments support the position of those countries calling
for the creation of an international body to explore the resources
of the deep sea for the mutual benefit of all countries, as oppose
to their exploitation by Multi-National Corporations for the benefi-
of a small minority, and support the call by the third world for a
New International Economic Order.
(18) The Governments identify themselves with the movement in suppo-
of disarmament and an end to the arms race, and regret the wasteful
expenditure of funds in this regard. It is felt that these funds
could best be used to aid developing countries. The Governments
further identify themselves with the struggle for world peace and
the settling of disputes by peaceful means. In particular, the
Governments condemn the use or the threat of force by some countries
as a means of bullying other countries.
Page 6 THE GRBENAEA NWSLeTTER Wee _Ending 4,..79
i(19) And, to assist in the achievement of thp above objectives, the.
!three Governments hereby establish a Consultative Commission of
Ministers to co-ordinate the implementation of the decisions of this
Mini-Summit, and to communicate such decisions to other-governments
of the Caribbean.
(20) The Governments also establish a Technical Commission of experts
Ito examine, evaluate and make recommendations on all technical
matters relating to the strengthening of trade, agriculture, agro-
industrial and other economic and technical d6-operatibn amdng Our '
three countries, among the CARICOM LDCs And within CARTCOM generally.
DECLARED this 16th day of July, 1979, at St'.Georges in Grenada.
For the Government of Dominica
For the Government of Grenada
(sgd) 'Allan Louisy
For the Government of St.Lucia"
PRA ON ALERT
The People's Revolutionary Army (PRA) was placed on full alert last
ISaturday (28th) as a result of what is described as "suspicious military
activity" off the island's south coast.
A Government spokesman told NEWSLETTER that, just after moon on Saturday
128th, a low flying helicopter passed over the south coast near to two PRA
!camps. "The control tower at Pearls airport tried to ake contact with
this aircraft in order to establish identification", the spokesman said,
!"but the helicopter flew away without responding."
4EWSLETTER 'has several eyewitness reports of this helicopter'., None of
:them make positive identification of the markings on the plar, WPt several
say it was either red or orange in colour and may have had a black stripe.
'Because of the similarity of these colours to the national colours of
Trinidad & Tobago, the opinion has been expressed that this helicopter may
hrae been attached to the Trinidad & Tobago Coast Guard and may have been
Week Ending 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7
monitoring the oil slick resulting from the recent tanker collision
According to the Government spokesman, there was further activity
that evening when, about six o'clock, "a strange low-lying marine
craft" was sighted some miles off the south coast. This sighting,
together with the circumstance of the unidentified helicopter, was
considered highly suspicious and, over Radio Free Grenada, a call
was made for both the PRA and the People's Revolutionary Militia
(PRM) to be on full alert.
The spokesman said that, in addition to members of the PRA and PRM,
large numbers of persons, all over the island, responded to this cal.
and volunteered for service. These volunteers were not issued
arms but were billeted and kept on stand-by until the next morning
(29th) when they and the PRM were taken off the "alert" status. The
PRA, however, were kept on full alert until Wednesday (1st).
Residents of St.Georges were alarmed early on Sunday (29th) by
several burst of machine gun fire, 'but a government spokesman tolC
NEWSLETTER that this was merely gun practice at Fort George, PRA
Since the revolution, this is the second occasion on which an
aircraft has been involved in an incident over Grenada. On April
9th, a small aircraft, chartered by a photographer, flew over the
Morne Rouge hotel area without proper clearance and wap fired on
from Camp Butler which was then located near to the Holiday Inn in
Morne Rouge. Th4 aircraft was hit but no one was hurt and it
returned safely to Pearls airport.
Camp Butler was relocated some three weeks ago.
GNP PUBLIC MEETINGS BROKEN UP
Two public meetings of the Grenada National Party (GNP) have been
broken up by an organised group of supporters of the New Jewel
THE' G NADA NWSLETE :
*The first meeting, (the firtt held sincethe revolution of March. 13th
!by any political party other than NJM) was held on Sunday July 8th in
parking lot outside the Police Station in Sauteurs at the north
end of the island. NEWSLETTER was an eyewitness to this incident
which began about 5.00 pm when the GNP Political Leader, Mr Herbert
Blaize, addressed a crowd of some 250 persons.
lMr Blaize began by calling for a return to constitutional government
in Grenada. People had a right to know the, rules by which they
lare being governed, he said, and he felt that Grenadians should be
told when their Constitution will be restored.
ISoon after he began to speak, six or eight men and.women began to
heckle and, as he urged that political detention should end, the
Crowd became noisy and boisterous, demanding to know where GNP had.
been on the day of the revolution, and what the Party had.ever done
The GNP Political Leader pointed out to the.hecklers that, following
Ithe attack on November 18th 1973 by deposed Prime Minister Gairy's
"mongoose gang" on Mr Maurice Bishop and five of his colleagues, and
the subsequent arrest of these six NJM leaders, it had been GNP
barristers Hudson Scipio, Ben Jones and Michael Cruickshank who
fought for and obtained the release from goal of the NJM men.
IThis statement seemed'to make the unruly element now grown to some
20 or 30 people more noisy, and:several placards appeared accusing
Mr Blaize, among other things, of having gone to New York recently
to "bring back Gairy to Grenada", and of "sQgigag ,for independence"
in 1972 when, as Leader pf the Opposition, he accompanied the then
Premier Gairy to London for independence talks.
Some 30 minutes had now passed since the start of the meeting and,
with the noisy group closing in on the platform and shouting,."We
want Bishop I", it became .ncreapingly difficult for Mr Blaij
to continue. "If the kind of behaviour I see here today is an
example of 'Free Grenada', we have a long way to go", he said,
"ri.d I believe the leaders of the revolution will be ashamed of
this performance." (continued)
Feek Ent-nq 4.8,79
Week Ending 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NW5LETTER 9
A short while after, it became clear that, because of the shouting,
it was impossible to continue the meeting. Pointing out that
"a few ragamuffins" were depriving over 200 people from listening
to the meeting, and exhorting his audience not to let "this type of
performance stop you from asking what we-are. doing and where we are
going", Mr Blaize brought the meeting to a close.
GNP's next attempt to hold a public meeting was four days later, on
July 12th, in the east coast town of Grenville. NEWSLETTER did
not attend but eyewitness reports state that the Party.had the sam
experience as in Sauteurs except that the noisy shouting and the
display of placards did not start as early. As in the case of
the Sauteurs meeting, however, the Grenville meeting had to be
brought to a close prematurely as a result of the boisterous action
of NJM supporters.
Interviewed after the Sauteurs meeting, Mr Blaize told NEWSLBTTER
that the action of Government's supporters had nullified the freedom
Government had given when the ban on the use of public address
systems was lifted. "The action of the disruptive group of two
dozen or more was such that it is quite clear it was a deliberate
planned movement to disrupt our meeting, in that about 8 or 10 of
them had prepared placards, irrespective of what I was supposed to
say, they were ready to put their points and to disrupt the meeting,'
The GNP political leader hoped the breaking up of the meeting is no'
a policy approved by Government and that "there will be an
opportunity where they will disclaim any responsibility and denounce
this kind of behaviour for any future meetings we might have."
A source close to GNP told NEWSLETTER today (4th) that a verbal
protest has been made to the Commissioner of Police. Uniformed
police were present at the Grenville meeting, the source said, but
these police took no action when the disturbance started. The
source said more public meetings are planned but dates have not yet
been announced and it is not known whether a direct request will be
made for police protection.
THE GREBNADA NWWSLTTER
ATTEMPT TO EXTRADITE GAIRY
;A formal-application for extraditiol-of deposed Prime-;Miniater Eric.
Gairy is to.be made to the'United States next week. Acting Attorney
IGeneral Lloyd Noel leaves for Washington next. Wednesday (8th) to make
the application which will:be lodged with the State Department.
Gairy left Grenada on March 12th, the day before the revolution, and
proceedings to bring him back to the island began on July 9th when
the following cable was sent to Washington:-
"The People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada hereby
formally requests/the Government of the United States of
America the return to Grenada of Mr Eric Matthew Gairy to
face serious charges of incitement to murder, fraud and
misappropriation of Government funds."
Interviewed at that time, Secretary for Information Mrs Phyllis
Coard,told NEWSLETTER the Government feels-the time is ripe to press
.charges against Gairy. ."Investigations being done by othe legal
team in the Ministry of Legal Affairs have produced evidence of Gairy's
'fraud and complicity in murder that, in our opinion, will stand up in
any court of law", she said.
When Attorney General Noel goes to Washington, he will take a letter
Stating that Gairy is wanted for trial in Grenada for "conspiracy to
Murderr, and, among other documents, he will have statements of
Witnesses establishing the crime.
She letter Mr Noel will carry is signed by Acting Prime Minister
Bernard Coard, and is addressed to US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance.
The text is as follows :-
!'In accordance with the extradition treaty in force between
Grenada and the United States, I hereby formally request.the
extradition of Eric Matthew Gairy from the United States to
Grenada where he is wanted to face criminal charges in the
Court of Grenada.
The said Eric Matthew Gairy is charged in Grenada with the
offence of conspiracy to murder which is an extraditable
offence under the terms of the treaty between us, and a
___ 1~_~1 ___I
Week Ending 4.8.79
Week Ending 4.8.79 THs Bpi GJAr NPIWSJLTTER
purely criminal, non-political offence.
The fugitive tric Matthew Gairy is at present 'residing
in the United States of America and was last located at
Carifornia or New York.
Canute Burke is hereby authorized to convey the said Eric
Matthew Gairy from the United'States to Grenada.
The Government ,of Grenada is fully prepared and undertakes
to pay the expenses of the extradition of Eric Matthew
This application is made solely for the purpose of
bringing about a trial and punishment of the fugitive
E Bric Matthew Gairy and not fox any private purpose.
If the,application is granted, the criminal proceveings
will not be used for any private.purpose.
Enclosed with this application are the following
supporting documents properly authenticated, and certified
Warrant to arrest Bric Matthew Gairy
Information supporiitg the warrant
Statement of crime committed by Eric Gairy
Statements of witnesses establishing the crime.
Statement of law, punishment, limitation and effect
when crime committed.
Documents identifying Eric Matthew Gairy.'
Document authenticating signatures.
letter of authority to receive Eric Matthew Gairy.
A well informed source advised NEWSLETTER that an Extradition Treaty
between Grenada and the United States of America hal been in effect
since 1931. According to the source, that Treaty was between the
United Kingdom and the USA and had automatic effect in Grenada which
was then a British colony.
The source said this Treaty is still in effect as, after the island
1c-.tned independence in 1974, t:e them Prime Minister Gairy affirmeA
at the United Nations that Gre:lada would honour all '.ts international
Page 12 ___thaTdERiffliB Week A sing 4.8.79
and Grenada's independence Constitution provides for the; continuance
jof all "existing laws",, of which. the Treaty is one.
lIn the matter of extradition proceedings, NEWSLATTER is advised that
:certain conditions must be satisfied. First, there must be a
better of request.for extradition and this letter must set out the
fact that the crime for ,whih .the. person is wanted is not a political
offence and is in the schedule of offences covered by the extradition
-trea-ty. Among other conditions is that the identity of the
fugitive must be established and there must 'be statement of the
evidence on which the charge is based.
NEWSLETTER understands that, following'receipt6 ethe i better and
-ocuments Attorney General 'Nei will hand in, the'D State Department
'will conduct a hearing on t"i matter. i-Gairy is 'etiiled to be
rreresnted at that hearing,- h ill'hive the right of appeal to the
!United States courts,"and it is possible that some time will be
required to finalise.the proceedings.
Mr.Noel is expected to return' to' Genada on AugUst ;20th.
S. (755 words)
SHELTON PRESENTS CREDENTIALS
Following postponement of a visit originally scheduled for June, soon
after her arrival in the Caribbean, United States Ambassador to Grenada
iMiss Sally Shelton, arrived in the island on Sunday 22nd .July.
iMiss Shelton, who is based 'in Barbados, replaces outgoing Ambassador
Frank Ortiz, aid was asked by Prime Minister Maurte Bishop to delay her'
June visit .because some "key persons" were absent from the State.
In a press conference on June 18th, Mr Bishop said that, additionally,
the Grenada Government was concerned over public statements Miss
Shelton is reported to have made concerning a Cuban military
presence in Grenada and alleged eyewitness repo.:ts of Cubans being
seen with guns in the island.
"j is one thing to have the right to make whatever comment you
wish or to criticize, (we, of course, reserve tiatiright to
Week Ending-4 ..79 T BISNAOA NEWSLETTER Pae l3 -
ourselves, also)", the Prime Minister said, "but we do not believe
that diplomats who are not yet accredited*should be allowed that
particular right or privilidge and, therefore, that aspect of the
behaviour of Ambassador Designate Shelton does not please us."
Subsequently, Miss Shelton was given a choice of a date for her
visit, either between July-20th and 24th or August 19th and 21st.
She chose the former and presented her credentials to Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon on July 23rd.
Miss Shelton her talks with Prime Minister Bishop and other
Government dffichals on Monday 23rd. No details of these talks
have been released, but a Governnent spokesman described them as
"cordial and useful". That evening, at a dinner party, Miss
Shelton entertained Prime Minister Bishop, his wife Angega, and othei
representatives of Government.
Ambassador Shelton returned to Barbados on Tuesday July 24th.1
GRENADA & CUBA SIGN AGREEMENT
Grenada and Cuba have signed an Agreement which, among other things,
provides for exchange of missions for "interchange of scientific
and technical experiences."
The Agreement, signed in Grenada on July 9th, is for a two year
period, and includes arrangements for exchange of experts to provide
technical assistance, $nd an exchange of professions to provide
training in various fields.
Under the terms of the Agreement, Cuban experts on loan to Grenada
will be provided, by the Grenada Government, with lodgings, food and
amenities plus a monthly advance of US$30. The Cuban Government
will pay these experts' salaries and their travel expenses to and
Grenadians sent to Cuba for training will be given free accommodations
meals and tuition plus a monthly allowance. In the case of non-
university-trained persons, this allowance will be 60 Cuban pesos,
Page 14- THE GRENADA NESLBTTM Week Ending 4.8.79
vhile university graduates will receive 100 pesos. (One Cuban
peso = approximately US$1.38 or BC$3.70)
either country may revoke the Agreement by giving six months notice.
"TORCHLIGHT" NEWSPAPER THREATENED
The Ministry of National Security has warned that, should any individual,
group or newspaper publish "facts or speculations which reveal or
attempt to reveal national security information, or which endangers
national security", that publication "will result in the immediate
detection of the individual or individuals responsible."
'his warning is contained in a press release issued on July fl6 by
iiz Hudson Austin, Secretary for National Security and Commander of
the Armed Foeces, and it refers specifically to a news story
published in the issue of the Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper of
That story said that residents in the Calivigny and Westerhall areas
on the island's south coast were "worried' because of "increased
Military activity at Petit Calivigny, a peninsular encompassing more
than 300 acres of land on the south-east coast of the island." The
"Torchlight" said it had reports that this area is being used to
Strain the Army and that a military base is to be established there.
the newspaper said its information source had said that no notice
had been published in the Government Gazette tha this area is out
of bounds, and the opinion was expressed that "this could have
Mr Austin's press release said that no country in the world permits
Sthe press to reveal the location of army camps an4 "in times such as
+hese, when there is both an external and an internal threat to
national security, an action such as the "Torchlight's" ...... must
be considered a serious offence against both the Government and the
people of this country."
Two days after this release, Prime Minister Bishop said, over Radio
Week LEning 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 15
Free Grenada that Government was "sick and fed up with.the attitude
of the 'Torchlight' ". He said that, some two;months ago, he
had had to warn the newspaper about photographing security personnel
accompanying him and that, recently, theyhad published an article
from a West German magazine which the paper knew to be untrue.
Now, he said, "Torchlight" was publishing "a certain kind of
information that, clearly, cannot or should not be published", and
the Government's position is clear.
"We have given previous warnings", he said, "and we now repeat that
there are certain things that are not allowed under the guise of
freedom of the press. You are not allowed to repeat libelous
material, as in the case of the West German article. You are not
allowed to print matters of a security nature and our.position is
that, if any ll;elous matters of a criminal character are repeated
again, we are going to have certain people in the "Torchlight"
arrested and charged indictably."
"So far as national security questions are concerned," the Prime
Minister continued, "if there are any further repetitions where they
attempt to disclose matters of a national security character, or to
speculate on them, we are going to pick them up and we are going to
have them detained."
The news story in the West German press referred to by Mr Bishop wz
reproduced by "Torchlight" from a June issue of the weekly
magazine "Bunte". Referring to Grenada as the Caribbean island
made popular by the German actbr Raimund Harmstorf, this story gavw
the false information that a naval base is being built in Grenad*i,
for Russian warships and that the island has had "mysterious
visitors, Cubans and Russians",
It said also that American reconniassance planes have discovered that
"in the interior of this island vast areas of forest have been cut
down and these areas are interconnected by roads". According to
"Bunte", similar pictures were obtained by American spy-planes 17
years ago when Fidel Castro permitted the installation of Russian
rocket bases. a
Page 16 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 4.8.79
In an island 21 miles long, 12 miles wide, of an area of 120 square
miles and populated by 115,000 people,:such developments as reported
by "Bunte" cannot be hidden. There have been no such developments
in Grenada, the newspaper story is without foundation and, in a.qote at
the foot of the reproduced story, "Torchlight's" editor said, "We know
of Raimund Harmstorf's visits to the island and of the presence of a
few Cubans,, but, as far as the other claims made in the article go,
the "Torchlight" cannot substantiate."
Mr D M B Cromwell, Managing Director of Grenada Publishers Ltd,
publishers of the "Torchlight", told NEWSLETTER he felt that
Government was overreacting and that, with due regard to the
requirements of national security, his newspaper would remain
*decicated to the principles of the freedom of the press.
CARD CALLED TO PARIS
Minister of Finance Bernard Coard visited Paris, France, early in
July and held discussions with a consortium of private investors and
:Mr Coard told NEWSLETTER today (4th) that the invitation to attend
|these discussions had been made to him through Grenada's Ambassador
Sto the European Community, Mr Mario Bullen, who is stationed in
Brussels, and the talks had proved to be "fruitful".
-'These discussions were preliminary in character", the Minister said,
I "and they covered the range of possibilities both in terms of
looking at our heeds and what they could offer. What will happen
now is that Ambassador Bullen will pursue these discussions with a
view to concretising them."
Mr Coard said that, among the areas in which investment was likely
as a result of these discussions, are the tourist sector and Grenada's
infrastructure, and he thought 'itfVignificant that the initiative
in this matter had come, not from Grenada, but from the French
GO 'ernment and from French investors.
Week Ending 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Pag q
"The initiatives which are being taken towards Grenada in the matter t
I of investment by a range of countries, not only France but Algeria,
Nigeria, Libia, Korea and others", he said, "demonstrates their
recognition of a stable, progressive Government which, despite its
small size, has prestige.'""
Mr Coard pointed out that these initiatives come in addition to those
from Grenada's traditional friends, Canada, Britain and the United
States, and he thought this augered well for the economic future of
HIGH LEVEL TEAM ASSISTS GOVERNMENT
A high level Westindian team flew into Grenada on Sunday 29th July
on a special mission.
The team was under the chairmanship of Professor Telford Georgen,
of the Cave Hill campus of the University of the West Indies, anc
Dr Kurleigh King, Secretary General of the Caribbean Community, who
was a member of the team, told NEWSLETTER that the mission is
financed by the Commonwealth Secretariat in London.
"We're looking at the policies of the Government and the programmes
and projects they have to restore the economy of Grenada to some
semblance of order and progress", Dr King said, "and we're trying to
see if we can help, by any influence we might be able to exercise,
in getting funds for the implementation of the crucial projects."
The Secretary General said the team included representatives from
the University of the West Indies, the Caribbean Development Bank
and one representative each from Jamaica and Guyana.
BISHOP LEAVBSWFOR LUSAKA
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop left Grenada for Barbados on Saturday
July 28th en route to the Commonwealth Heads of Government
Conference which opened in Lusaka, Zambia, early this week.
Page 18 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 4.8.79
SGovernment spokesman told NEWSLTTER that Mx Bishop was due to
leave Barbados on Saturday night (28th) but, because of the military
alert resulting from "suspicious military activity" off the south
:ast of Grenada, Mr Bishop did not fly out of Barbados until early
Sunday morning (29th).
The Prime Minister is due back in Grenada next week.
AUTOMOBILE IMPORTATION CONTROLLED
automobile dealers in Grenada may-got import cars with an engine
capacity of more than 1600 cc.
Acting Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Bernard Coard announced
this in a broadcast over Radio Free Grenada on August 1st, and he said
the ban on cars of greater engine capacity will have immediate effect.
Mr Coard told NEWSLETTER today (4th) that increasing fuel prices had *
influenced this Government decision,.and he hinted that further control
measures are contemplated. "This is a very small and initial step
ir. dealing with the problem", he-said, "because we recognize that that
is merely scratching the surface and a whole package of measures is
The Minister said Government has been in touch with the automobile
dealers and there still is time to cancel most orders covering cars
:above the limit. In the case of shipments already on the way,
dealers have been asked to-divert the cars to other markets.
With reference to the possibility of limiting the number of cars
imported into the State, Mr Coard said this is being looked at but
there is no intention of implementing that action at this time.
Sources cl6se to the automobile dealers say the ban will have little
effect on trade. It is felt, however, that Government should have
given more notice. NEWSLBIMER is.advised that automobile dealers
must place orders some five 'months in advance of delivery, and the
need to cancel orders now is infonveniert and may work hardships.
- ..- .. .< ,, - ---
Week Binding 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 19
HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL AGM
The Grenada Human Rights Council held its third Annual General
Meeting on July 9th, and the outgoing Executive was reelected
Dr Bernard Gittens, now a member of the People's Revolutionary,
Government and Secretary (Junior Minister) to the Ministry of Health
declined nomination to the post of Chairman, a position he has held
since the establishment of the Human Rights Council two years ago.
Under pressure from the meeting, however, Dr Gittens agreed to servj
a third term.
Other members reelected are :-
Father Gilbert Coxhead
Victor Husbands Secretary
Colville McBarnett Assistant Secretary
Winston Bullen Treasurer
Allan LaGrenade Assistant Treasurer
One member of the Managing Committee, Mrs Angela Cape, was
reelected, and the three members elected for the first time are
Mrs Lula Robinson and Messrs Eric Glean and Carl Buxo.
"TORCHLIGHT" LOSES EDITOR
The Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper is without an editor.
About mid-April, Mr Albert Xavier, the paper's editor, went to the
United States on one month's leave. NEWSLETTER is reliably
informed that, on his request, he was given a further month's
leave but, at the end of that time, he did not return to his desk.
It is reported that Mr Xavier is still in the USA and is now
writing a book on Grenada.
During Mr Xavier's absence, Mr Nf k Joseph, a member of ..
"Torchlight's" staff, actel as editor. Mr Joseph, however, left
the paper on July 31st and NEWSLETTER understands that he will
proceed to the United Siates t.is month to study journalism.
Grenadian born free lance journalist and broadcaster, Mr Mark Julien,
is now acting editor.
NEWSLETTER VISITS CUBA
Conditions of life in Cuba are far better than have been portrayed by
some sections of the media.. Indeed, some aspects of life in that
country are more attractive than similar aspects in the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM). However, some features of the Cuban society
are in sharp contrast with accepted norms in CARICOM.
ThbLe are impressions gained by NEWSLETTER during a 10 day stay in
Havana at the staging of Carifesta, and spent at the invitation of
1-ensa Latina. Such a stay is too short to create concrete opinions,
but, with complete freedom to move around, to observe and to ask
questions, information was gained which will be of interest to '
The impact of Havana on the visitor is that of a clean, well-laid-
out city with a good public transport system. The people are
courteous and helpful, and appear to be well fed and healthy. No
beggars or apparently destitute persons were seen and there was a
marked absence of people congregating at street corners.
Both men and women dress similarly to people in the CARICOM countries,
Ishirt-jacs and slacks being used by large numbers of people. Cuban
women, however, especially on more formal occasions, while smart and
1well-turned-out, are not as stylishly dressed as Westindian women in
other Caribbean countries. NEWSIETTER was told that the annual
ration of clothes is 4 metres, and this places a limit on female dress.
The impression was gained that, as compared with other Caribbean
capitals, there are fewer cars in Havana. During the visit, no
traffic jam was experienced and there was always a 'spaciousness'
Ion the roads which is not seen` at peak hours in Port of Spain,
IKingston or Bridgetown. It is reported that the demand for cars
iiS far greater than the supply, and the number of 'antiques' seen
on the road support this.
THE GS.Ahft NEBSLBTTIR
Week Ending 4.8.79
These 'antiques' are, principally, American made cars manufactured
in the 1950s. After the Cuban revolution of 1959, imports of
both American cars and parts were cut off and these old cars, stilP
performing well today, are monuments to the efficiency of both the
manufacturers and the Cuban mechanics who keep them going.
Housewives from the CARICOM area would find Cuban supermarkets
unsatisfactory. They are well stocked with basic items of food
but the variety is poor and most lines are rationed. (Rationing
is said to be, in most cases, to ensure equality of household
consumption and not as a result of shortages, though some do occur'
Cuban housewives, with whom NEWSLETTER had opportunities to talk,
said the ration is adequate and no one is hungry, but it is
difficult to produce an attractive varied diet. However, the
cost of eating out at a restaurant (where the variety is greater)
in within the reach of most people and, wile this entails waiting.
in a queue, this is taken advantage of fairly frequently..
NEWSLETTER stayed at the Havana Libre Hotel (formerly the Havana
Hilton). Cost of meals at this hotel is somewhat higher than
at some restaurants in Havana, but compares favourably with costs
at similar hotels in other parts of the Caribbean.
dinner lere served buffet style and were attractive
meals of fresh
Some Havana Supermarket Prices
Rum "Havana Club
) 440 15.52
26 2/3 ozs
1 Peso (100 Centavos) = lS$1.38
)r approximately EC$3.73
-%E rGENA& NEWSLEBTTER
Week Ending 4.8.79
'Pafg 21 *
THE, C-RNAJDA NEWSLETTER
fruit and furit juice, a choice of several fish dishes, vegetables
and a main dish of beef, lamb, liver, pork and/or chicken
Beer was served always with the meal and there was a variety of
attractive desserts. The cost of such a meal for two varied
from approximately 12 to 16 pesos which is equivelant to approximately
16 to 22 United States dollars or.43 to 60 East Caribbean dollars.
NEWSLETTER was told that the average worker receives a salary of
about 130 pesos a month. Of this, if he lives in one of the new
apartment buildings, he will pay a rental of 10% of his salary.
Should he live in one of the older buildings, he probably will pay
ne rent. Householders must pay for electricity, but rates are
Of particular concern to NEWSLETTER was the status of the press in
Cuba. This is set out in a published document of the Cuban
G-vernment. This status is set out in a published document of
the Cuban Government, "The Programmatic Platform of the Communist
Party of Cuba;' which says, in part, "The Party shall systematically
guide and give attention to the mass media ...". It says, also,
"With the aim of further perfecting mass-media work, and especially
:strengthening their role in the process of socialist construction,
the Party shall give them all its support and assistance ......"
These statements indicate that the press is not free
Iby accepted standards in Caricom, and this situation
with several members of the Cuban press. In each
the opinion was expressed that the concept of "press freedom" is
not the same in Cuba as in the Caribbean Community.
It was pointed out to NEWSLETTER that the first Article of the country's
iConstitution states that the Republic of Cuba is'a socialist state
and it was also pointed out that Article 5 of the Constitution makes
the Communist Party of Cuba "the highest leading force of the society
,and of the State". In these circumstances, the Press is seen to
Sbe committed to promote the ideals of socialism and to take guidance
iflom the Party.
Week Endinq 4.8.79
Week Ending 4.8.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 23
It was pointed out also, however, that the Party's platform commits
it to support of the Press in the "practice of criticism on political
and ideological matters, on literary and artistic activity and on
what concerns shortcomings or errors in economic and administrative
management." NEWSLETTER was told that the press does make these
Another area of NEWSLETTER's concern is that of the position of
religion in Cuba, and this too is set out in the document of the
Party's platform. "Among the forms of social consciousness,
religion is characterized by the fact that it is a distorted and
fantastic reflection of external reality", the document says.
"According to the Marxist conception, religious manifestations and
ideas can be overcome by transforming the world that they erroneous 1l:
reflect, by eliminating the social causes that engender them and by
developing educational work based on the scientific conception of
nature, society and thought."
The Party upholds "the.right of citizens to profess a religion .r
not", and the "practice of religious cult within the observance of
the law", but there must be no "use of any religion to fight
against the Revolution and socialism". : The Government will mount
no "anti-religious campaigns or coercive or.administrative measures
against religion", but there will be "systematic and patient
propagation of the concepts of scientific socialism among the
masses", and it is a "task of the ideological struggle" to achieve
"the gradual overcoming of religious beliefs by materialist,
scientific propaganda and the cultural advancement of the workers."
It is demanded of Party members and members of the Young Communist
League that they "achieve an idediooical understanding iy i
accordance with Marx*j theoretical fundamentals, and, in the
education field, "teaching personnel must receive a firm ideologoca.
Education is free at all levels in Cuba and NEWSLETTER was told that
illiteracy has been eradicated. Great encouragement is given to
adult education and workers are allowed time off to pursue studies.
Special attention is paid to education in the ruralVeteas, and
4_ __(continued_-) ...
Prage 24 THE RENA NSLeTTER Week Ending 4.8 79
according to the document outlining the Psrty's platform, "the school
is to play an ever greater role as a multilateral centre for children
and adults, with the active participation of political and mass
orginisations and the decisive cooperation of the family."
Health services also are free and there is no private practice. It
was reported to NEWSLETTER that, in all branches of the health
services, standards are high, and there is considerable research
being done into preventive medicine and occupational diseases.
It must be emphasised'that NEWSLETTER's impressions and information'
were gained over a limited period of time, 10 'ays, and should not b
taken as firm opinions based on a thorough survey. Indeed, the
limited inquiry done has raised more questions than it has provided
answers, and the exercise should be taken merely as a base for
I PUBLICATION INFORMATION
T.iis is the first issue of NEWSLETTER since the publication for the
w;ek ending June 30th last, that is, Volume 7, Number 22.
This publication lapse resulted from the fact that NEWSLETTER visited
STrinidad & Tobago, Cuba and Jamaica in July, and the present issue
Seeks to record the major developments in Grenada during the period
tj.Jily 1st to August 4th.
SOther developments during that period, not of major importance but
G pessary for those subscribers who require a complete record, will
be reported in subsequent issues.
Alis*k H es
4th Au stL979