Volume 7 Number 13
For The Week Ending April 28th 1979
7th Year Of Publication - - 211th Issue
POLITICAL PRISONERS RELEASED
Fourteen persons held in preventive detention have been released
by the People's Revolutionary Government. The release took
place on Tuesda* April 24th under authority of an order signed by
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop in his capacity as Minister for
Among those released was Mr George Hosten who was Minister of
Finance in the Government of deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy.
Mr Hosten, who was taken into custody on the day of the coup
d'etat, March 13th, fell ill,within a day or two and has been a
patient at the General Hospital since. It is understood that
he suffers from high bloodupresPure.
Also released this week was Mr Jerry Romain who managed state-
owned Radio Grenada in the Gairy regime. Mr Reain was not
among those first to be detained but was taken into custody a few
day -after the coup when, it is alleged, he was found to be
rqqganising". Representations for Mr Romain's release were
made by both the Caribbean Publishing & Broadcasting Association
and the Caribbean Broadcasters' Union.
A third notable freed was Mr Ashton Frame. Mr Frame was, at
one time, a Senator in Mr Gairy's Government where he held the
post of Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance.
SProduced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia iighes
S P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Westiadies
Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.4.79
Also among those released were four members of the Grenada Volunteer
Constabulary (GVC) and three members of the Police Force. Those
of the GVC are L Marshall, J Ettienne, C Hercules and Vitan George.
IThe policemen are Sargeants M Williams and Josephus Calliste, and
jConstable A Pivotte.
,Of the last four released, E Charles, Norbert Calliste, Leroy Neckles
land Clarence Rapier, nothing is known of the first two mentioned.
*Neckles is brother-in-law to ex-Senator Derek Knight of deposed
Prime Minister Gairy's Government, and Rapier is referred to in the
Report of the Duffus Commission of Inquiry into the breakdown of
law and order in Grenada (1973/74).
The Report states that, on 20th November 1973, Rapler led a gang -f
!"Police Aids" in an attack on a man called Albert Rennie. The
Commissioners found that Rennie was robbed, beaten and "left for
Deadd, and that "there can be no doubt that this man was severely
injured and he is lucky to have survived."
PREVENTIVE DETENTION TRIBUNAL COMMENCES HEARINGS
The Preventive Detention Tribunal'appolfted by the People's
Revolutionary Government to hear the cases 61 political prisoners
Commenced its hearings on Thursday (26th).
Four persons were listed for hearing that day and these are P Btizan,
Lloyd St.Louis, Willie Bishop and Norman DeSousa. Briz02''s
connections are not known but the other three detainees hawvetrong
Connections with deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy.
St.Louis is an ex-Magistrate who resigned from the Bench immediately
before the 1976 General Elections to contest a seat under the banner
of Mr Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party. St.Louis was defeated
and has since held the post of Personal Advisor to Mr Gairy.
SEven before this, however, St.Louis has been linked politically with
Mr Gairy. This was as a result of the part he played as
Magistrate in 1973 when he illegally refused bail to six polklcal
opponents of Mr Gairy. These six were members of the New
Week Ending 28.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER P&ag 3
Jewel Movement and included the now Prime Minister, Mr Maurice
Investigating this incident, the Duffus Commission of Inquiry into
the breakdown of law and order in Grenada found St Louis "made no
effort to exercise his discretion in a balanced judicial manner"
and had shown himself "to be unfitted for the responsible post of
Magistrate." In Grenada, Magistrates were appointed and
dismissed by the Judicial & Legal Services Commission headed by the
Chief Justice, but no action was taken against St Louis.
Willie Bishop is also mentioned in the Duffus Commission Report.
The Commission found him to be one of the leaders of the "Mongoose
Gang", the corps of criminals recruited and controlled personally
by then Prime Minister Gairy. Referred to officially as the
"Police Aids", the Commissioners found these thugs were "an
unlawfully constituted body of men, albeit paid from public funds,
whose qualification for service in many cases, particularly among
the leaders, was their known disposition for violence and
Bishop's police record, reported by the Commissioners, is "Nineteen
convictions between July 195, and March 1969, including assault on
police and housebreaking."
Norman Desousa was one of Mr Gairy's unsuccessful candidates in the
1976 General Elections. He competed against Mr Maurice Bishop
for the St George South East seat and lost by 1211 votes to 1319.
He has since been employed as Labour Attache at Grenada's London
Embassy and was in Grenada for consultations at the time of the
Hearings'took place yesterday also and four persons were listed
to appear before the Tribunal. They are Sonny Alexander,
J Hallal, Albert Forsythe and Dennis Rush. Nothing is known
of the connections of Alexander and Hallal, but Forsythe was an
Selected member of the House of Representatives and Mr Gairy's
Minister of Communications & Works.
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.4.79
iRush is a sergeant of the Police Force. In 1975, when he was a
Corporal, he, with other policemen, tied the hands of Cecil Butler,
a prisoner, behind his back, beat him with a gun butt and kicked
him when he fell. For this, Rush was suspended by the Nigerian
Police Commissioner then heading the Police Force but, when the
Commissioner was recalled to Nigeria, Rush was recalled to duty and
promoted to the rank of sergeant.
There was no official investigation into the beating of Cecil Butler,
but Butler took the matter to Court as a civil case and won. Rush
appealed but the Appeal Court upheld the conviction against him.
On Monday (30th), four more detainees will have their cases heard
by the Preventive Detention Tribunal. These four are Neville
Rennie, Anthony Cherman, Edmond Gilbert and Hubert Alexis. Of
these, Rennie's Connections are not known.
Alexis was an elected member of the House of Representatives and
iDeputy-Speaker of the House. Gilbert, a Civil Servant, is
Bishop of a sect of the Baptist Church in Grenada and has shown
open affiliation with Mr Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party.
Cherman is alleged to have cooperated with Senator Derek Knight,
on the day of the coup, in attempting or organise resistance to
the People's Revolutionary Army.
The results of the deliberations of the Preventive Detention
Committee, Thursday and yesterday, have not been announced.
According to the People's Law under which the Tribunal
operates, it is to make recommendations to the Minister for-
Security as to whether the detainee should be released or not.
The Minister's decision in this matter is final and he is not
bound by the recommendation of the Tribunal.
BLAIZE: THAT'S NO TRIBUNAL
e"'e persons appointed by the People's Revolutionary Government 4
serve on the Preventive Detention Tribunal are all excellent in
.heir own fields, but none of them has been trained or has
Week Ending 28.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
experience in the judicial process.
This is the opinion of the Grenada National Party (GNP) and, in a
telephone interview with NEWSLETTER yesterday (27th), GNP's Political
Leader, Mr Herbert Blaize (who resides in Grenada's sister island of
Carriacou), expressed his Party's concern over the composition of the
"The Tribunal is not a tribunal at all", he said, "in that it
provides no arrangement for judicial process and it does not have
members who are trained or experienced in the judicial process."
Under People's Law number 23 of April 18th, three persons have been
appointed to comprise the Preventive Detention Tribunal. They are
Dr Adolf Bierzynski, a medical practicioner, as Chairman, Mr Bryce
Woodroffe, a businessman, and Mrs Alice McIntyre, a housewife who is
President of the Women's Progressive Association.
This Tribunal will hear the cases of political prisoners and
Dr Bierzynski told NEWSLETTER (on 21st) that the Tribunal will not
operate like a Court of Law. Sittings will be in private and
detainees, while they will be allowed to call witnesses, will not be
represented by Counsel. The Tribunal, having heard the
detainee's case, will make recommendations to the Minister for
Security, but the Minister will not be bound by these recommendations
and will make the final decision as to whether the detainee will be
Mr Blaize expressed further concern that there is no provision for
guidance to be given to Dr Bierzynski, Mr Woodroffe and Mrs Mclntyre
in the judicial process, and also that there is no provision for
legal representation of the detainee.
"All these things tend to show that it is not intended to give the
people what was expected to be and proclaimed to be a fair hearing",
he said, "so we are suggesting that they make some modifications to.
make the Tribunal a real tribunal, or call' it something else, so
that we will all know that it is not a tribunal but just a screening
committee." (356 words)
R Week Ending 28.4.79
More ships called at Grenada during 1978 than in any year since 1975,
but the total tonnage registered at St.Georges was down by nearly 4%
from the almost equal tonnages of 1976 and 1977.
The total figure for the number of boats calling in 1978 is 348, and
for 1975, 1976 and 1977, the relative totals are 298, 336 and 309.
Tonnage & Ship Calls
Tonnage Calls %
Kingdom 628,178 105 32.02
Italy 510,291 46 26.01
Greece 210,381 51 10.72
Panana 126,483 32 6.45
!Antilles 112,908 30 5.75
Liberia 105,975 19 5.40
)West Germany 86,672 14 4.42
Holland 58,003 18 2.96
Norway 49,753 4 2.53
USSR 46,251 4 2.36
Singapore 7,802 2 .40
Cyprus 5,522 1 .28
Cayman Islands 5,085 9 .26
Cuba 4,504 2 .23
Barbados 1,815 1 .09
Guyana 1,308 3 .07
Dominica 540 5 .03
Denmark 459 1 .02
1,961,930 348 100.00
These figures are inaccurate to the
extent that tonnages for "Holstedam"
and "Dalmacija" (Liberian and
Yugoslavian), are not available.
Tonnages from 1975 to 1978
are, respectively in millions
of tons, 1.8, 2.0, 2.0 and
Statistics prior to 1975 are
not available at the present
time, but, since 1975, the
United Kingdom has almost
always been the leader in
both the annual tonnage and
number of ship calls. This,
to a large extent, results
from the regular weekly
calls of British ships to
load bananas. The UK
has outstripped all other
countries in the number of
ship calls over the four-
year period and, in total
annual tonnage, was beat
nto second place by a small margin only in one year, 1976.
| Tonnage 1978
Greece and Italy have been the next largest '-.
contributors to totals of tonnage and calls .,..'
over the 1975 to 1978 period, but it should ;''j I ta
be noted that Italy reached this category -' t
!duTing the last two years only. This I othe
increase in Italian shipping reflects the
;increase in ship calls of Italian cruise
irners in the tourist trade. (continued)
THE GRENADA NBWSLETTB
welzading -28 .4.9. THE l ABU I Page ..9.N.-
An interesting feature of the shipping statistidC is the increase
Sin the number of different coPntries where hipscallig at Grenada
are registered. In 1925, the 298 ship calls represented 14
1 different countries of registry of Whic i-te- leader, the United
Kingdom, had 104 calls or 35%. In 1976, there were 16 different
countries of registry producing 336 ship calls and the leader, again
the UK, had a percentage of 33%.
Monthly Tonnage & Calls
1975 1976 1977 1978
Tonnae CallsTonnge Calls Tonnage Call Tonnage Call
191,993 32 288,54? 40 302,583 40. 271,895 42
232,563 31 226,380 42
396,327 33 282,347 43
S1991,381 29 279,734, 48
114,784 21 38,580 10
47,157 15 56,188 13
109,054 22 9b,399 19
72,741 18 114,150 19
83,920 17 150,761 23
81,507 19 129,718. 21
126,710 23 160,741 25
234.278 38 214,421 33
,890,4 5 298 2,041,961 3 36
258,468 36 214,724 36
239,547 34 =229,341 41
180,478 26 107,915 ,23
88,279 20 129,560 25
67,:983 14 85,538 .20
199,166 20 11,8.6. 29
94,319 17 175,881 29
81,566 15 128,766 23
103,756 23 158,935 25
212;166 25 134,806 26
311.671 39 152,708 29
2,039,982 3091i,961,930 148
These figures are izirccy tott:t ,the extent that tonnages <
for ''Iolstedam" and "DaIlacija",reporting respectively in
May and, eqber 49748, -Avg ot avatla3khe ,
In 1977, the ship'calls totalled 309 and the total of different
countries 9egistrweals 19.L "' i4dig' in' shipalls was the
United Kingdom with.-ltl aAlls, and this tas 36% f tie 'total. The
total number of countries of registry dropped inr'197bfb'l to 18,
with the UK still leading with 105 calls or 30%of the total.
The monthly pattern of shipping established by the years 1975, 1976
and 1977 has', .nt behnDo'mffewd t' Wy'1V97 In the first'three
years of this ipcrdi; there;reree high shippibg tbtnagei' dturiig the
early months of :the ye ,ta-sharp fall in April and Ma," 'a ilight'
rise from July. to October and then a sharp rise at Year's ed d.'"
This pattern reflects the pattern of arrivals of cruise liners
which swell the tonnage of shipping during the Winter Cruise
Season of Octob'r to April. The reason for the slight rise in
_______. ..__: .--.;... -tcsat~a
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week nding 28.4.79
tonnage during the third quarter of the year is not clear, but it may
be as a result of an increased inflow of goods to merchants stocking
for the Christmas trade.
apparent, there is no corresponding dak at year's end and the mid-
ear rise is more pronounced. Reference to statistics for cruise
liner passenger arrivals at Grenada offers a possible explanation.
~ n December 1978, there were 20 cruise liner calls as compared with
I in the corresponding month of 1977. This not a great
difference but it appears that the average size of ship was smaller
I-- -H 4-f
n, in 1978, they carried only 9,202 passengers, 36.5o less than
apparent, there is no corresponding Pdak at year's end and the mid-
jhe December figure of 14,495.
ear rise is more pronounced. statistics which may have tended to flatten
.liner passenger arrivals at Grenada offers a possible explanation.
the Deember 1978, there werease in cruise liner calls as compared the th
quarter of 1978. In July and August of 1977. This is6 and 1977, there were,at
difference but it appears that the average size of ship was smaller
s, in 1978, they carried only 9,202 passengers, 36.5% less than
he December figure of 14,495 .
another feature of the statistics which may have tended to flatten
the peaks is the marked increase in cruise liner calls in the third
'quarter of 1978. In July and August of 1976 and 1977, there were,
respectively, totals of 15 and 14 cruise liners carrying 10,374 and
;9,826 passengers. In July and August 1978, these figures
increased to 26 cruise liners carrying 21,048 passengers.
Week Ending 28.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
This increase in mid-year cruise liner arrivals in 1978, coupled
with the fall off in cruise liner calls in December of. that year,
is probably the reason for the different pattern of monthly tonnage
statistics as compared with the previous three years.
Tonnage & Calls
Tonnage Calls Tonnage Calls
Tonnage Calls Tonnage C.
-- 4,339 1 -
601,838 104 609,269 110 677,735 111 628,
24,064 4 93,132 8 71,408 6 46,
35,396 10 43,972 17 63,790 12 86,
28,136 10 16,872 6 2,825 1 --
1,890,415 298 2,041,961 336 Z039,982 3091,961,
.gures are inaccurate to the extent that
Sfor "Holstedam" and "Dalmacija" (Liberian
oslavian) reporting in 1978, are not available.
GG SCOON ON VACATION
His Excellency the Governor General, Sir Paul Scoon and Lady Scoon,
leave the island today (28th) for.a short vacation in Britain.
While in the United Kingdom, Sir Paul will call on the Queen to
Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 28.4.79
be invested with the insignia of a Knight of the Grand Cross of the
Most Distinguished Order of St.Michael and St.George (GCMG). Sir
Paul, 43, who became Governor General with effect from 30th September
1978, was honoured by the Queen with this Knighthood on March 8th
During Sir Paul's absence, Mr Alan LaGrenade will act in the post of
SGovernor General. Mr LaGrenade, a former Cabinet Secretary in
deposed Prime Minister Gairy's Government, is Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop's uncle.
SOUFRIERE SANDPAPERS ST VINCENT BANANAS
Ash thrown out by St.Vincent's Soufriere volcano is having a
sandpaper effect on that island's bananas, and this has resulted
in a drop of over 50% of banana exports.
This is the report of a team of Windward Island Banana Association
(WINBAN) experts which visited St.Vincent on April 18th. The
Soufriere volcano began erupting on April 13th, and the WINBAN
team found that volcanic ash was settling on banana plantations
all over the island and is causing extensive bruising to the banana
skin, resulting in unsightly scratches and blotches.
The team found also that ash on the hands of workers is bruising
the fruit in the process of harvesting and handling. When banana
leaves and other parts of the banana plant are used to pad the boxes
used for transporting the fruit from the field, this also is
damaging the fruit because this padding is ash-coated,
Almost all the northern half of the island has been declared a
danger zone, and very little harvesting is being done in that region.
Because of this, and because of the large number of rejects
resulting from damage by the volcanic ash, exports in'the week ending
April 21st were down to 268 metric tons as compared with the average
of 620 metric tons over the four previous weeks.
The WINBAN team reported that St.Vincent's banana industry, the
island's major industry, has been so severely affected by the results
of the volcano's eruption, that it is expected there will be "a
major toll on the island's economy".
28th Aril 1979