Volume 7 Number 11
For The Week Ending April 14th 1979
7th Year of Publication - - 209th Issue
FRIENDLINESS NO EXCUSE FOR RUDENESS
Grenada does not recognise.the right of the United States to giv
instructions as to which countries Grenada may develop relations
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said this in a national broadcast
last night (13th) as he referred to recent discussions he had ha
with United States Ambassador to Grenada, Mr Frank Ortiz.
Ambassador Ortiz, who is resident in Barbados, paid an official
visit to Grenada early this week.
"We are not in anybody's backyard", Mr Bishop said, "and we are
definitely not for sale. "Anybody who believes they can bull
us or threaten us clearly has no understanding, idea or clue as
to what material the people of Grenada are made of."
The Prime Minister said that, since the revolution of March 13t
there has been an unusually high number of tourists in Grenada
for this time of the year. And, tourists and visitors have
all been impressed with the discipline of the People's
Revolutionary Army and the respect shown for the lives and
property of local and foreign residents and visitors.
"In fact", he said, "it is clear that there is no sense of pani
here or hesitation by the tourists who daily continue to stream
into our country and, for this reason, we want the people of
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenad&, esetindie
Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79
Grenada and the Caribbean to realise that if, all of a sudden,
tourists start panicing and leaving the country, or stop coming
to our country altogether, then they should take note that this
came only after veiled threats by the United States Ambassador
with respect to our tourist industry."
Mr Bishop said Ambassador Ortiz "went out of his way" to emphasise
the importance of tourism to Grenada. The Ambassador argued,
he said, that, as Grenada imports some 32 million dollars a year
in goods and exports only 13 million, the island has a "massive
trade deficit" which earnings from tourism could lessen
The Prime Minister said that Mr Ortiz had advised him that, if
Grenada continued to speak of "mercenary invasions by phantom armies",
the island would lose all its tourists. The Ambassador also
reminded him, Mr Bishop said, of Jamaica's experience in this
connection a few years ago.
"Jamaica at that time had gone through a period of intense
destabilisation", the Prime Minister said, "and under this process,
the people of Jamaica were encouraged to lose faith and confidence
in themselves, their Government and their country, and in the
ability of their Government to solve the pressing problems facing
the country and meeting the rising expectations of their people."
This was done, Mr Bishop said, through damaging news items spread
in the local, regional and international media aimed at discrediting
the achievements of the Jamaica Government. It was done also
through violence and sabotage and "by wicked and pernicious attempts
at wrecking the economy through stopping the flow of tourist visitors
and hence much needed foreign exchange earnings of the country"
"The experience of Jamaicet", he said, "must therefore remind us that
the economies of small, poor, Third World countries which depend on
tourism can be wrecked by those who have the ability and the desire
to wreck them."
The Prime Minister said that, officially and unofficially, Ambassador
SOrtiz had stressed that the United States Government would view with
Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
great displeasure the development of any relations between Grenada
and Cuba. In this connection, the Prime Minister said that
Ambassador had handed him a statement from the United States
Government to the Grenada Government which reads in part :-
"Although my Government recognizes your concern over
allegations of a possible counter coup, it also believes
that it would not be in Grenada's best interests to seek
assistance from a country such as Cuba to forestall such
an attack. We would view with displeasure any
tendency on the part of Grenada to develop closer ties
Ambassador Ortiz also pointed out, Mr Bishop said, that the United
States is the richest, freest and most generous country in the
world, but the United States has "two sides".
"We understood that to mean", the Prime Minister said, "that the
other side he was referring to was the side which stamped on freedom
and democracy whenever the American Government felt their interests
were being threatened."
Mr Bishop said his Government has striven and will continue to
strive to have and develop the closest and friendliest of relations
with the United States, Canada, Britain and all Caribbean countries
whether English, French, Dutch or Spanish speaking. "But", he
said, no one must misunderstand our friendliness as an excuse for
rudeness and meddling in our affairs."
On the matter of aid, the Prime Minister said.that in discussions
with the US Consul General two days after the revolution, the
Consul General had said he was not surprised to learn that the
"Gairy dictatorship" had left Grenada's economy in a "deplorable
and ravished" state. Mr Bishop said he had pointed out that
"massive assistance", both technical and financial, would be
required to begin the "long process of rebuilding the economy", and
the Consul General had promised to encourage his Government to give
the necessary assistance. However, Mr Bishop said, one month
later, no such aid has arrived.
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79
The Prime Minister said the Ambassador had pointed out correctly
That United States aid is available through the Caribbean
Development Bank and that the American Government prefers to
channel aid to Grenada through the Bank, despite "substantial
delays of up to one year" as a result of "red tape".
"We must point out", Mr Bishop said, "that, in place of the massive
economic aid and assistance that seemed forthcoming, the only aid
1 which the American Ambassador has been able to guarantee that he
Should get to Grenada in a reasonable short period of time would be
five thousand dollars for each of a few small projects."
Mr Bishop said this is completely inadequate to meet the needs of
hospitals which are without medicines, sheets, pillow cases and
proper equipment; to meet the needs of schools which are "falling
down", and to meet the needs of rural villages for electricity,
water, health clinics and housing. He referred also to the
serious unemployment situation and said US$5 thousand could not
build a school or health clinic.
"We feel forced to ask", the Prime Minister said, "whether the
paltry sum of a few five thousand US dollars is all that the
wealthiest country in the world can offer to a poor but proud people
who are fighting for democracy with dignity and self respect based
on real and independent economic development."
IAlso referring to the defence of Grenada, the Prime Minister said his
Government rejected entirely Ambassador Ortiz argument that Grenada
would be entitled to accept military aid from Cuba only after
mercenaries have attacked Grenada. With respect to the Ambassador,
e said, a more "ridiculous argument" could hardly be imagined, and
e likened it to a man being asked to wait until his house is on fire
before buying a fire extinguisher.
'We intend, if possible", he said,"t6 provide ourselves with the fire
extinguished before the fire starts and, if Cuba is willing to offer
s that assistance, we will be more than happy to receive it".
Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5
US CITIZENS: ORTIZ 'BLEW IT'
United States citizens resident in Grenada do not approve the manner
in which the United States Ambassador, Mr Frank Ortiz, has handled
the situation in the island.
In a letter published in the Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper,
Mr Donald T Atkinson, a prominent US citizen resident here, speaking
on behalf of U S residents, says the "unfortunate impression"
created by Ambassador Ortiz does not reflect the "intentions and
desires" of U S citizens on the island.
The text of Mr Atkinson's letter is as follows
"On behalf of myself and all United States residents in
Grenada, having heard the reaction of your Government to
the recent comments of U S Ambassador Ortiz, I wish to
make it quite clear that the unfortunate impression
created by Mr Ortiz does not in any way reflect the
intentions or desires of the United States citizens here
Neither do I believe that Mr Ortiz' actions truly reflect
the attitude of the Government of the United States. Far
more representative of the United States intentions in
the Caribbean is the prompt shipment by that country of
tons of supplies and equipment needed by the people in
St.Vincent as the result of the volcanic activity there.
I had the opportunity myself to meet with Ambassador
Ortiz just before he met with your Prime Minister, and
was pleased to hear him say that the United States was
"inclined to respond favourably to the needs of Grenada"
and that he was expecting a more complete list of the help
Coupled with that promising objective, however, was a
personal impression of the man as being what we in the
States would call a "cold fish". His lack of
sensitivity to the situation in Grenada, his lack of.
Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79
understanding of what was really going on, plus his
patronizing attitude, make him completely incompetent
to carry out his assigned role. He left from
Grenada to return to the States to another position.
It is too bad that he did not leave his post as
Ambassador to Grenada a month ago, when originally
scheduled to do so. Just between us, he 'blew it'.
A copy of this letter is being forwarded to the President
of the United States, pointing out the disservice this one
man has done, whether intentional or otherwise, in hopes
that the newly appointed replacement may make amends as
quickly as possible.
D T Atkinson (signed)"
NEWSLETTER has made a limited survey of opinion among US residents in
the island and indications are that there is general agreement with
Mr Atkinson's comments. Some residents, however, refer to the
"allegations" of what Ambassador Ortiz said to Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop and the Government of Grenada, and a need for
confirmation of these allegations was expressed as a requisite
for assessing the situation correctly.
In a broadcast on April 13th, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said
that, through Ambassador Ortiz, the United States Government
attempted to meddle in Grenada's affairs. Mr Bishop said also
that the US Government had not given Grenada aid he had been led
to expect it would. The Prime Minister was critical of the
attitude of the US Government towards "a poor but proud people
who are fighting for democracy with dignity and self respect
based on real and independent economic development.
CUBA & GRENADA ESTABLISH RELATIONS
i The Government of Grenada and the Government of Cuba have
Established diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level The
.'rmal signing of documents took place in St.Georges on April 14th,
Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7
and these relations came into effect from that date.
Signing on behalf of Cuba was that country's Ambassador to Guyana,
Senor Ivan Cesar Martinez Montalvo. Senor Martinez is also
non-resident Ambassador to Barbados and will hold the same status
Prime Minister Bishop signed on Grenada's behalf and said he saw
"our Cuban friends" as residents with Grenadians "in the same
Caribbean Sea". "We recognize the kinship based on blood, based
on geography and based on considerations of hope for the people of
our respective countries", he said.
Mr Bishop said that, on April 13th, the Government of Cuba had
recognized the Revolutionary Government of Grenada and that a
statement had been issued in Havana. The text of that statement
as read by Mr Bishop is as follows :-
"The Government of the Republic of Cuba, considering that
the Government born out of the revolutionary movement and
presided over by Maurice Bishop, represents the will of
the people of Grenada, considering the statements that
express its decision to implement an independent foreign
policy and to participate actively in the movement of non-
aligned countries,and with the objective of strengthening
the ties of friendship that always existed
between the peoples of Cuba and Grenada,and in use of the
faculties authorised by law,has agreed to recognize the
Government of Grenada and has instructed the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs to implement this agreement.
City of Havana
13th April 1979
Prime Minister Bishop also read the joint communique between Cuba
and Grenada on the establishment of diplomatic relations. This
"On the 14th of April 1979, the Ambassador of Cuba, His
Excellency Mr Ivan Cesar Martinez Montalvo and the Prime
Minister of Grenada, His Excellency Mr Maurice Bishop,
signed a formal agreement on the establishment of diplomatic
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79
relations between Cuba and Grenada.
Both Governments have agreed to publish simultaneously
in the City of Havana and in St.Georges the following
The Government of the Republic of Cuba and the Government of
Grenadai through their duly authorised representatives, have
made consultations pertaining to the establishment of
diplomatic relations between Cuba and Grenada.
Both Governments reiterate their adherence to the principles
of international law concerning friendly relations and
cooperation between states and proclaimed by the Charter of the
United Nations, and recognize that a further development of the
relations between Cuba and Grenada based on the said principles
is reciprocally beneficial for the two countries and their
Consequently, the Republic of Cuba and the Government of Grenada,
inspired by the common desire to promote friendly relations and
develop effective cooperation among the Caribbean nations, have
decided to establish diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level
as of this date.
Ivan Cesar Martinez Montalvo (sgd) Maurice Bishop (agd)
Ambassador of Cuba Minister of External
Ambassador Martinez was born in 1943. He studied economics
!between 1962 and 1965 and qualified as a barrister in 1969.
Entering the field of journalism, he was correspondent for
Prensa Latina and has been a feature writer for "Bohemia" and
editor of "Revolution & Culture".
!Senor Martinez joined the Cuban Ministry of Foreign Affairs in
!1974 and, after working in the North America and Caribbean Section,
was posted as Ambassador to Guyana in 1975. In 1978, he
became non-resident Ambassador to Barbados and will have a similar
status with Grenada.
Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Pge9
The newly created Grenada Supreme Court opened for the first time
on Tuesday 10th April 1979 presided over by the island's new Chief
Justice, Mr Justice Archibald Nedd. Mr Nedd, who was Judge of
the former Supreme Court of the Associated States, is Grenada born.
Guyana born Mr Desmond Christian has been appointed Director of
Public prosecutions and will take up his appointment on May 1st.
Mr Christian, who held the post of Attorney General in Mr Gairy's
Government, was deported by that Government on August 3rd 1976.
A three-man Electorial Commission has been named by the People's
Revolutionary Government. They are Messrs Herman Bhbla, Winston
Bullen and Egerton M A Welsh.
Mr Bhola is a "worker-priest" of the Anglican Church, that is, he
has been ordained but still has a secular occupation. He is a
businessman and agriculturist. Mr Bullin also is a businessman
while Mr Welsh is the retired Executive Secretary of the Civil
The Commission has been charged with the enumeration of the
electorate and preparation of the electoral lists.
Three Magistrates have been appointed. They are Messrs Windom
Robinson, Lyle St Paul and Dhaniram Lalsee. A fourth is to be
Messrs Robinson and St.Paul served as Magistrates during the
administration of deposed Prime Minister Gairy; Mr Lalsee is a
newcomer to the Bench.
Three other Magistrates who served during the Gairy Administration,
Messrs I I Duncan, Jerome Penny and Nolan Jacobs, have been sent on
official leave. A spokesman for the Government said their
positions are being considered.
Mrs Dessima Margaret Williams, 29, Grenada's new Ambassador to the
8 t .... . .
Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLEtTER Week Ending 14.4.79
jOrganisation of American States presented her credentials on
|April 10th to the Chairman of the Permanent Council.
'"Mrs Williams,.who is a graduate in economics, succeeds Mr Fabian
!Redhead, appointee of Mr Gairy's Government.
The Grenada Cocoa Industry Board began paying out on April llth
a BC$2.6 million surplus on the October 1977 to September 1978
A spokesman for the Board said 23,000 bags have already been sold
for the current year and the price was "fairly good having regard
to world market prices "
Since the historic event of the revolution of March 13th, NBWSLETTER
has been crowded with political news which has prevented inclusion
of required statistics, especially those of banana shipments and
cruise liner calls.
It is hoped that these figures can be brought up to date in the next
14t pril 1979