The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Volume 7 Number 11
For The Week Ending April 14th 1979
7th Year of Publication - - 209th Issue


Grenada does not recognise.the right of the United States to giv
instructions as to which countries Grenada may develop relations

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said this in a national broadcast
last night (13th) as he referred to recent discussions he had ha
with United States Ambassador to Grenada, Mr Frank Ortiz.
Ambassador Ortiz, who is resident in Barbados, paid an official
visit to Grenada early this week.

"We are not in anybody's backyard", Mr Bishop said, "and we are
definitely not for sale. "Anybody who believes they can bull
us or threaten us clearly has no understanding, idea or clue as
to what material the people of Grenada are made of."

The Prime Minister said that, since the revolution of March 13t
there has been an unusually high number of tourists in Grenada
for this time of the year. And, tourists and visitors have
all been impressed with the discipline of the People's
Revolutionary Army and the respect shown for the lives and
property of local and foreign residents and visitors.

"In fact", he said, "it is clear that there is no sense of pani
here or hesitation by the tourists who daily continue to stream
into our country and, for this reason, we want the people of

Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P 0 Box 65, St.Georges, Grenad&, esetindie

Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79

Grenada and the Caribbean to realise that if, all of a sudden,

tourists start panicing and leaving the country, or stop coming

to our country altogether, then they should take note that this

came only after veiled threats by the United States Ambassador

with respect to our tourist industry."

Mr Bishop said Ambassador Ortiz "went out of his way" to emphasise

the importance of tourism to Grenada. The Ambassador argued,

he said, that, as Grenada imports some 32 million dollars a year

in goods and exports only 13 million, the island has a "massive

trade deficit" which earnings from tourism could lessen

Phantom Armies
The Prime Minister said that Mr Ortiz had advised him that, if

Grenada continued to speak of "mercenary invasions by phantom armies",

the island would lose all its tourists. The Ambassador also

reminded him, Mr Bishop said, of Jamaica's experience in this

connection a few years ago.

"Jamaica at that time had gone through a period of intense

destabilisation", the Prime Minister said, "and under this process,

the people of Jamaica were encouraged to lose faith and confidence

in themselves, their Government and their country, and in the

ability of their Government to solve the pressing problems facing

the country and meeting the rising expectations of their people."

This was done, Mr Bishop said, through damaging news items spread

in the local, regional and international media aimed at discrediting

the achievements of the Jamaica Government. It was done also

through violence and sabotage and "by wicked and pernicious attempts

at wrecking the economy through stopping the flow of tourist visitors

and hence much needed foreign exchange earnings of the country"

"The experience of Jamaicet", he said, "must therefore remind us that

the economies of small, poor, Third World countries which depend on

tourism can be wrecked by those who have the ability and the desire

to wreck them."

The Prime Minister said that, officially and unofficially, Ambassador

SOrtiz had stressed that the United States Government would view with

Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3

great displeasure the development of any relations between Grenada

and Cuba. In this connection, the Prime Minister said that

Ambassador had handed him a statement from the United States

Government to the Grenada Government which reads in part :-

"Although my Government recognizes your concern over

allegations of a possible counter coup, it also believes

that it would not be in Grenada's best interests to seek

assistance from a country such as Cuba to forestall such

an attack. We would view with displeasure any

tendency on the part of Grenada to develop closer ties

with Cuba."
Two Sides
Ambassador Ortiz also pointed out, Mr Bishop said, that the United

States is the richest, freest and most generous country in the

world, but the United States has "two sides".

"We understood that to mean", the Prime Minister said, "that the

other side he was referring to was the side which stamped on freedom

and democracy whenever the American Government felt their interests

were being threatened."

Mr Bishop said his Government has striven and will continue to

strive to have and develop the closest and friendliest of relations

with the United States, Canada, Britain and all Caribbean countries

whether English, French, Dutch or Spanish speaking. "But", he

said, no one must misunderstand our friendliness as an excuse for

rudeness and meddling in our affairs."

On the matter of aid, the Prime Minister said.that in discussions

with the US Consul General two days after the revolution, the

Consul General had said he was not surprised to learn that the

"Gairy dictatorship" had left Grenada's economy in a "deplorable

and ravished" state. Mr Bishop said he had pointed out that

"massive assistance", both technical and financial, would be

required to begin the "long process of rebuilding the economy", and

the Consul General had promised to encourage his Government to give

the necessary assistance. However, Mr Bishop said, one month

later, no such aid has arrived.

Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79

The Prime Minister said the Ambassador had pointed out correctly

That United States aid is available through the Caribbean

Development Bank and that the American Government prefers to

channel aid to Grenada through the Bank, despite "substantial

delays of up to one year" as a result of "red tape".

"We must point out", Mr Bishop said, "that, in place of the massive

economic aid and assistance that seemed forthcoming, the only aid

1 which the American Ambassador has been able to guarantee that he

Should get to Grenada in a reasonable short period of time would be

five thousand dollars for each of a few small projects."

Mr Bishop said this is completely inadequate to meet the needs of
hospitals which are without medicines, sheets, pillow cases and

proper equipment; to meet the needs of schools which are "falling

down", and to meet the needs of rural villages for electricity,

water, health clinics and housing. He referred also to the

serious unemployment situation and said US$5 thousand could not

build a school or health clinic.
"We feel forced to ask", the Prime Minister said, "whether the

paltry sum of a few five thousand US dollars is all that the
wealthiest country in the world can offer to a poor but proud people

who are fighting for democracy with dignity and self respect based

on real and independent economic development."

IAlso referring to the defence of Grenada, the Prime Minister said his
Government rejected entirely Ambassador Ortiz argument that Grenada

would be entitled to accept military aid from Cuba only after

mercenaries have attacked Grenada. With respect to the Ambassador,

e said, a more "ridiculous argument" could hardly be imagined, and

e likened it to a man being asked to wait until his house is on fire

before buying a fire extinguisher.

'We intend, if possible", he said,"t6 provide ourselves with the fire

extinguished before the fire starts and, if Cuba is willing to offer

s that assistance, we will be more than happy to receive it".
(1105 words)

Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 5


United States citizens resident in Grenada do not approve the manner

in which the United States Ambassador, Mr Frank Ortiz, has handled

the situation in the island.

In a letter published in the Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper,

Mr Donald T Atkinson, a prominent US citizen resident here, speaking

on behalf of U S residents, says the "unfortunate impression"

created by Ambassador Ortiz does not reflect the "intentions and

desires" of U S citizens on the island.

The text of Mr Atkinson's letter is as follows

"On behalf of myself and all United States residents in

Grenada, having heard the reaction of your Government to

the recent comments of U S Ambassador Ortiz, I wish to

make it quite clear that the unfortunate impression

created by Mr Ortiz does not in any way reflect the

intentions or desires of the United States citizens here

in Grenada.

Neither do I believe that Mr Ortiz' actions truly reflect

the attitude of the Government of the United States. Far

more representative of the United States intentions in

the Caribbean is the prompt shipment by that country of

tons of supplies and equipment needed by the people in

St.Vincent as the result of the volcanic activity there.

I had the opportunity myself to meet with Ambassador

Ortiz just before he met with your Prime Minister, and

was pleased to hear him say that the United States was

"inclined to respond favourably to the needs of Grenada"

and that he was expecting a more complete list of the help


Coupled with that promising objective, however, was a

personal impression of the man as being what we in the

States would call a "cold fish". His lack of

sensitivity to the situation in Grenada, his lack of.


Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79

understanding of what was really going on, plus his

patronizing attitude, make him completely incompetent

to carry out his assigned role. He left from

Grenada to return to the States to another position.

It is too bad that he did not leave his post as

Ambassador to Grenada a month ago, when originally

scheduled to do so. Just between us, he 'blew it'.

A copy of this letter is being forwarded to the President

of the United States, pointing out the disservice this one

man has done, whether intentional or otherwise, in hopes

that the newly appointed replacement may make amends as

quickly as possible.

Sincerely yours,

D T Atkinson (signed)"

NEWSLETTER has made a limited survey of opinion among US residents in

the island and indications are that there is general agreement with

Mr Atkinson's comments. Some residents, however, refer to the

"allegations" of what Ambassador Ortiz said to Prime Minister

Maurice Bishop and the Government of Grenada, and a need for

confirmation of these allegations was expressed as a requisite

for assessing the situation correctly.

In a broadcast on April 13th, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said

that, through Ambassador Ortiz, the United States Government

attempted to meddle in Grenada's affairs. Mr Bishop said also

that the US Government had not given Grenada aid he had been led

to expect it would. The Prime Minister was critical of the

attitude of the US Government towards "a poor but proud people

who are fighting for democracy with dignity and self respect

based on real and independent economic development.
(548 words)


i The Government of Grenada and the Government of Cuba have

Established diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level The
.'rmal signing of documents took place in St.Georges on April 14th,

Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7

and these relations came into effect from that date.

Signing on behalf of Cuba was that country's Ambassador to Guyana,

Senor Ivan Cesar Martinez Montalvo. Senor Martinez is also

non-resident Ambassador to Barbados and will hold the same status

for Grenada.

Prime Minister Bishop signed on Grenada's behalf and said he saw

"our Cuban friends" as residents with Grenadians "in the same

Caribbean Sea". "We recognize the kinship based on blood, based

on geography and based on considerations of hope for the people of

our respective countries", he said.

Mr Bishop said that, on April 13th, the Government of Cuba had

recognized the Revolutionary Government of Grenada and that a

statement had been issued in Havana. The text of that statement

as read by Mr Bishop is as follows :-

"The Government of the Republic of Cuba, considering that

the Government born out of the revolutionary movement and

presided over by Maurice Bishop, represents the will of
the people of Grenada, considering the statements that

express its decision to implement an independent foreign

policy and to participate actively in the movement of non-

aligned countries,and with the objective of strengthening

the ties of friendship that always existed

between the peoples of Cuba and Grenada,and in use of the

faculties authorised by law,has agreed to recognize the

Government of Grenada and has instructed the Ministry of

Foreign Affairs to implement this agreement.

City of Havana
13th April 1979

Prime Minister Bishop also read the joint communique between Cuba

and Grenada on the establishment of diplomatic relations. This

communique reads

"On the 14th of April 1979, the Ambassador of Cuba, His

Excellency Mr Ivan Cesar Martinez Montalvo and the Prime

Minister of Grenada, His Excellency Mr Maurice Bishop,

signed a formal agreement on the establishment of diplomatic

Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 14.4.79

relations between Cuba and Grenada.

Both Governments have agreed to publish simultaneously

in the City of Havana and in St.Georges the following

joint communique:-

The Government of the Republic of Cuba and the Government of

Grenadai through their duly authorised representatives, have

made consultations pertaining to the establishment of

diplomatic relations between Cuba and Grenada.

Both Governments reiterate their adherence to the principles

of international law concerning friendly relations and

cooperation between states and proclaimed by the Charter of the

United Nations, and recognize that a further development of the

relations between Cuba and Grenada based on the said principles

is reciprocally beneficial for the two countries and their


Consequently, the Republic of Cuba and the Government of Grenada,

inspired by the common desire to promote friendly relations and
develop effective cooperation among the Caribbean nations, have

decided to establish diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level

as of this date.

Ivan Cesar Martinez Montalvo (sgd) Maurice Bishop (agd)
Ambassador of Cuba Minister of External

Ambassador Martinez was born in 1943. He studied economics

!between 1962 and 1965 and qualified as a barrister in 1969.

Entering the field of journalism, he was correspondent for

Prensa Latina and has been a feature writer for "Bohemia" and

editor of "Revolution & Culture".

!Senor Martinez joined the Cuban Ministry of Foreign Affairs in

!1974 and, after working in the North America and Caribbean Section,

was posted as Ambassador to Guyana in 1975. In 1978, he

became non-resident Ambassador to Barbados and will have a similar

status with Grenada.

(581 words)

Week Ending 14.4.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Pge9


The newly created Grenada Supreme Court opened for the first time

on Tuesday 10th April 1979 presided over by the island's new Chief

Justice, Mr Justice Archibald Nedd. Mr Nedd, who was Judge of

the former Supreme Court of the Associated States, is Grenada born.

Guyana born Mr Desmond Christian has been appointed Director of

Public prosecutions and will take up his appointment on May 1st.

Mr Christian, who held the post of Attorney General in Mr Gairy's

Government, was deported by that Government on August 3rd 1976.

A three-man Electorial Commission has been named by the People's

Revolutionary Government. They are Messrs Herman Bhbla, Winston

Bullen and Egerton M A Welsh.

Mr Bhola is a "worker-priest" of the Anglican Church, that is, he

has been ordained but still has a secular occupation. He is a

businessman and agriculturist. Mr Bullin also is a businessman

while Mr Welsh is the retired Executive Secretary of the Civil

Service Association.

The Commission has been charged with the enumeration of the

electorate and preparation of the electoral lists.

Three Magistrates have been appointed. They are Messrs Windom

Robinson, Lyle St Paul and Dhaniram Lalsee. A fourth is to be

appointed shortly.

Messrs Robinson and St.Paul served as Magistrates during the

administration of deposed Prime Minister Gairy; Mr Lalsee is a

newcomer to the Bench.

Three other Magistrates who served during the Gairy Administration,

Messrs I I Duncan, Jerome Penny and Nolan Jacobs, have been sent on

official leave. A spokesman for the Government said their

positions are being considered.

Mrs Dessima Margaret Williams, 29, Grenada's new Ambassador to the
8 t .... . .

Page 10 THE GRENADA NEWSLEtTER Week Ending 14.4.79

jOrganisation of American States presented her credentials on

|April 10th to the Chairman of the Permanent Council.

'"Mrs Williams,.who is a graduate in economics, succeeds Mr Fabian

!Redhead, appointee of Mr Gairy's Government.

The Grenada Cocoa Industry Board began paying out on April llth

a BC$2.6 million surplus on the October 1977 to September 1978

trading year.

A spokesman for the Board said 23,000 bags have already been sold

for the current year and the price was "fairly good having regard

to world market prices "


Since the historic event of the revolution of March 13th, NBWSLETTER

has been crowded with political news which has prevented inclusion

of required statistics, especially those of banana shipments and

cruise liner calls.

It is hoped that these figures can be brought up to date in the next


Alist uhes
14t pril 1979


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