The Grenada newsletter

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00195


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text











NEWSLETTER
Volume 7 Number 9
For The Week Ending March 31st 1979
7th Year of Publication - - 207th Issue




ECCA WITHHOLDS MONEY

Mr Maurice Bishop's Peoples' Revolutionary Government faces an
economic crisis. The East Caribbean Currency Authority (ECCA)
refuses to ship money to Grenada and, unless EC$3 million is put
into circulation immediately, the economic life of the country may
come to a halt.

At'a press conference today (31st) Mr Bernard. Coard, Minister of
Finance, said that, early this month, the deposed Government had
placed an order with ECCA for EC$3 million to replace worn out notes
withdrawn from circulation. ECCA headquarters are in St.Kitts
and it appears that some difficulty was experienced in securing a
charter plane to transport the money.

ECCA officials were in Grenada on routine business on March 12th
(the day before the coup) and opportunity was taken then to impress
on them the need to have replacement money as soon as possible.

Since the coup, the urgency of the situation was conveyed to ECCA in
several telephone calls but, according to Mr Coard, "a lot of thin
excuses" were given by ECCA Chairman, Mr Cecil Jacobs, as to why the
money was not sent.

"I spoke to Jacobs myself this morning", Mr Coard said, "and he
admitted to me that he was acting on the advice and/or instructions
of the other islands."
(continued)


Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P O Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Weatindies


_ ___









Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Endina _31.3.79


The East Caribbean Currency Authority is jointly owned and managed
by Grenada, St.Vincent, St.Lucia, Dominica, Antigua, St.Kitts/Nevis

and Montserrat. According to the Authorities latest published

Statement (at 31st December 1978), ECCA held assets at that date

worth EC$210.2 million. Of that figure, EC$176.6 million is

listed as "External Assets", and the remainder as "Internal Assets"

of which BC$28.7 million is "Participating Governments' Securities

including Treasury Bills."


Listed as liabilities is EC$94.3 million notes and coin in

circulation, and EC$10.4 million in reserve. Also listed as

liabilities are Bankers Balances EC$43.7 million and Bankers

Deposits EC$53.6 million.
Reissued
Mr Coard said Grenada now has EC$2.3 million in worn notes needing

replacement but, in face of the crisis, these are being checked

through with a view to seeing what can be reissued. There is

also EC$200 thousand in new $5 notes in stock, and these are being

issued immediately.


"The first measure we intend to take", Mr Coard said, "is to give

this matter the widest publicity both in Grenada and the region,

and this includes appealing to public opinion in the other islands

which own ECCA. The second measure is to file a Writ of

Mandamus against ECCA."


The Minister of Finance said a team of lawyers is now drafting

that Writ and, on Monday (2nd), it will be filed in St.Kitts, the

island in which the headquarters of ECCA are located.


Mr Coard said, in the face of this crisis, Grenada might have to

introduce its own currency, but he thought this regrettable. "We

want to stay within BCCA", he said, "we want to maintain all the

regional institutions, we are firmly committed to Caribbean

integration, indeed, at some future point we want to see political

integration in the region. Hopefully, when we have a new crop

of political leaders in these territories, at some point in the

future hopefully not too distant future we'll be able to

reintegrate the region."
(524 words)
______________'"^ L_______








Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3


BISHOP OUTLINES POLICY

At a rally on Sunday 25th March at Seamoon, an abandoned race track

near to Pearls airport, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop outlined

some of his Government's policies.


In brief, as they affect foreign policy, these are :-

(a) Grenada will remain within the British Commonwealth

of nations with Her Majesty the Queen as Head of State.

(b) Grenada will remain a member of the Organisation of

American States (OAS). Mr Bishop said the OAS is

not always relevant to the lives of the people of this

hemisphere and he thought a wider perspective is needed.

(c) Grenada will remain non-aligned. This, the

Prime Minister said, does not mean that the State will

beneutral, but that it will have an independent

political position and approach.

(d) Grenada will remain in the Caribbean Community

(CARICOM). Mr Bishop said the State will remain

also in all other regional Bodies "which help to

build a Caribbean Nation of one people."

(e) Grenada will take part in the Third World

struggle for a new economic order. This will

include efforts to secure the transfer of technology

and the setting up of an international organisation

to exploit the resources of the sea.

(f) The Prime Minister declared his Government's

stand against racism, especially as practiced in

South Africa and Zimbabwe.


Mr Bishop also set out his Government's policy as it relates to

some internal matters. This policy is as follows :-

(1) Job discrimination against women is to be

abolished. Women are to receive "equal pay for

equal work", and are to be given a "decant period

of maternity leave" with full pay.

(continued)









Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 31.3.79


(2) The operations of deposed Prime Minister Gairy's
trade union, the Grenada Manual, Maritime & Intellectual

Workers Union, are to be investigated and, until that

investigation is completed, the union is not to function.

(3) Students at secondary schools may form Students'

Councils, and a National Students' Council is to be

encouraged.

(4) A series of "scientific plans" is to be drawn up and
a "mass national campaign" undertaken to raise national

production. The Prime Minister said this campaign would

call for "struggle and sacrifice" and would involve the

establishment of "food farms" on estates acquired by the

Gairy Government. He said "workers councils" will be

established to involve workers in management of the food

farms.

(5) The Commissioner of Police has been instructed to begin

an inquiry immediately into the disappearance of Police

Inspector Iri Bishop in December 1978, and into the

disappearance of furl men from the sister island of

Carriacou, Philip Godwin Matheson, Fortune Matheson, Alston

Leonard and Gregory Francis, in March 1977.

(6) A Code of Ethics & Integrity is to be drawn up for the
guidance of members of the, Peoples' Revolutionary Government.
(429 words)



MINISTRIES ANNOUNCED

At a rally held at Seamoon, the abandoned race-track on Grenada's east

coast, on Sunday March 25th, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop announced

the Ministries of the Peoples' Revolutionary Government.

In his own Ministry, Mr Bishop will be responsible for Home Affairs,

External Affairs, Security, Information &.Culture, and Carriacou

Affairs. In each of these divisions, a "Secretary" will be

Appointed with direct responsibility to the Prime Minister.

Mr Bishop announced that Mr Lyle. Bullen of Grenada's sister island
of Carriacou, will be Secretary for Carriacou Affairs. Secretaries
(continued)









Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER


to the other divisions are to be announced later.


Mr Bernard Coard has been appointed to the Ministry of Finance,

Trade & Industry. No Secretaries to this Ministry have been

announced.


Mr Unison Whiteman heads the Ministry of Agriculture, Tourism &

Fisheries. Miss Palme Buxo, also a member of Government, is the

Secretary to Tourism.


Mr Selwin Strachan has been appointed Minister of Communications

& Works & Labour. No Secretaries to this Ministry have been

announced.


Mr Norris Bain is the Minister of Health & Housing, and Dr Bernard

Gittens, also a member of Government, is Secretary to this Ministry.


Mr George Louison heads the Ministry of Education, Youth & Social

Affairs. No Secretaries to this Ministry have been announced.


Mr Kendrick Radix is Minister for Legal Affairs and Mr Lloyd Noel,

also a member of Government has been appointed his Deputy. No

Secretaries have been announced.


These seven Ministries show a re-arrangement of and reduction from

the Ministries of the deposed Government. In addition to the

Prime Minister and the Minister Without Portfolio (Senator Derek

Knight), there were the Ministries of Labour, Youth Development &

Sport, Education & National Training, Finance, Trade & Industry,

Health & Housing, Social Affairs, Community Development &

Co-Operatives, Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, and

Communications & Works.


In his Ministry, Mr Gairy had Home Affairs, Foreign Affairs, Public

Relations and Tourism.


(201 w


ords)


GOVERNMENT EXTENDED


Grenada's new Peoples' Revolutionary Government is now 23 strong.
iThe first 14 members were announced on Radio Free Grenada on Friday

t16th March, and an additional 9 were introduced to a (continuper


Page 5


)


j









Page6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 31.3.79


"Victory Rally" held at Seamoon (an abandoned east-coast race track)

by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop on Sunday 25th March.


The names of these new Government members, with brief descriptions,

are listed as follows in the New Jewel Movement publication

circulated this week under date of 2nd April.


Miss Claudette Pitt, resident at La Digue, St.Andrews. Said to be

a "legal aid assistant at Grenville Legal Aid Clinic and leading

woman's organizer."


Mr Coldwell Taylor, resident at Paradise, St.Andrews. Described

as a "former teacher at the St.Andrews Anglican Secondary School, poet,

writer, pan-man and editor of "Cutlass". Leading organizer of

agricultural workers." ('Cutlass' is a New Jewel Movement

publication addressed to agricultural workers. NEWSLETTER)


Mr Gellineau James, resident at Birch Grove, St.Andrews. Mr James

is described as a "teacher at Byelands School-and a popular

calypsonian".


Mr Simon Charles, said to be a "small farmer of River Sallee

St.Patricks.


Mr Basil Gahagan, resident at St.Marks. Described as "President

of the Grenada Assembly of Youth and now Commander of the Peoples'

Revolutionary Army."


Mr Leon Cornwall, said to be a "former student teacher at the
Teachers Training College and leading youth organiser."


Mr Fitaroy Bain, described as a "teacher of St.Davids".


Mr Liam James, described as a dockworkerr, Assistant Secretary of
the Seamen's Trade Union (sic) and youth organiser of St.Georges.

i(This union is the Grenada Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union.

NEWSLETTER.)


Mr Sidney Ambrose, said to be a "small farmer from St.Davids".


?ho New Jewel Movement publication says', "Brothers and sisters would

notice that care has been taken to create a Provisional Revolutionary
(continued)










Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7


Government which contains representatives from every parish of the

country, workers, farmers, professional people, business people,

youth and women are all represented in our new government."
(299 words)


C(OSTITUTION SUSPENDED

Grenada's Constitution is to be considered suspended from "one

second after midnight on the morning of March.13th". Prime

Minister Maurice Bishop announced this at a rally held on March 25th

and he said that, until a new Constitution can be approved by

referendum, the island will be without a Constitution "for the next

few months".


Mr Bishop announced eight "Peoples' -Laws" which, he said, came into

effect immediately. It has not yet been possible to get the

exact wording of these laws, but the gist of them is as follows :-

1. Grenada's Constitution is suspended with effect from
March 13th 1979, and all acts of the Peoples'
Revolutionary Government (PRG) are to be considered
legal and cannot be called into question.

2. The Peoples Revolutionary Government is deemed to have
been established on March 13th and has all executive
and legislative powers.

3. Her Majesty the Queen is the Head of State and the
Governor General is her representative. The
Governor General will act as the PRG advises.

4. The West Indies Associated States Supreme Court Act
of 1971 is repealed and the Supreme Court of Grenada
is established with all the jurisdiction of the former
Court.

5. All existing laws remain in force.

6. The jurisdiction of the Magistrates' Court is extended
so that that Court may deal with cases of arson and
violence against state property. Penalties for
these offences are increased to a maximum of 5 years
with hard labour.

7. The Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) is deemed to be
established and will be regulated under the Grenada
Military Force Act of 1976 "as appropriate". The
PGA is given powers of arrest and search.
(continued)








Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSETTER Week Ending 31.3.79


8. A "Protective Detention Tribunal" of three persons is
established, to which Tribunal persons in protective
custody may apply for a review of their cases. The
first application may be made after 14 days of detention
and, thereafter, every two months.

9. The rights and pensionsof Civil Servants are maintained.

10. All Peoples Laws become effective when signed by the Prime
Minister and declared orally, published on Radio Free
Grenada, or published in the Government G rette.


In connection with Peoples' Law number 4, the establishment of the

Grenada Supreme Court, the Prime Minister said he had spoken with

Mr Justice Archibald Nedd, the West Indies Associated States Supreme

Court judge resident in Grenada, and Mr Nedd has agreed to preside

over the newly established Grenada Supreme Court.
(396 words)



GAIRY'S WITCHCRAFT ROOM

Deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy probably practiced witchcraft.

After the coup d'etat of March 13th, several strange objects and

books were found at his official residence, Mount Royal, these

objects and books being in a room which appeared to have been

reserved for special rites.


NEWSLETTER had an opportunity to visit Mount Royal on Saturday

March 17th. It was found that the room, located in the north-

east corner of the building is some 10 feet by 12 feet and was

Furnished with a double bed and small tables, two of which may have

been used as alters. On these "alters" were crucifixes, statues

of saints, rosaries, together with balls of indigo, pieces of salt-

petre and small bags of a white powder.


Two small cupboards with wire-mesh doors are mounted in the north-

east and south-east corners of the room, the bottom of each cupboard

being about six feet from the floor. There were crucifixes and

statues of saints in each ok these cupboards and a coating of soot

on the inside of the cupboards gave evidence of the burning of

candles.


Mr Gairy seems to have dresses specially for whatever ceremonies
(continued)










Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER age 9


took place in that room. There were two black robes and a multi-

coloured robe of blue, yellow and green. There was also a cape

of blue, greem and orange, and this was fastened at the front with

a broach made of bone and shaped like a cow. Another garment,

fitting around the neck like a loose collar and ending at waist

level was red in colour, about four inches wide and was decorated

with sea-shells.


Other paraphernalia included a bishop's staff, a headdress in the

shape of a crown, a wooden sword, incense sticks and a great number

of candles of various colours.


There were several bibles in the room together with other books

which suggested witchcraft. Among these were "The Truth About

Witchcraft" by Hans Holzer, "Journeys Out Of The Body" by Robert

Monroe, and "Hostage To The Devil" by Malachi Martin. In the last

mentioned, the fly-leaf indicates that it was, presented to Mr Gairy

by Mr Robert Hunt, an ex-Jesuit priest who managed The Grenadian

Company, an organisation which, at one time, ran an international

lottery from Grcrada.


Also among the books was "The Twelve Blessings The Cosmic Concept

as given by the Master Jesus" This book is written by Dr George

King, "Chairman and Founder of The Aetherius Society", and, in the

foreword, Dr King says this Society is "privileged by being chosen

as the Organisation through which Jesus, Himself, gave the Sacred

Truths known as The Twelve Blessings."


Of himself, Dr King says, "I too feel honoured as the human

instrument who was Overshadowed by the Master Jesus, so that He .A

could radiate essential Energies to all men on Earth and also gave

them a wide Cosmic Concept of these mystic texts."


The tone of this book is set at the beginning of the first chapter

and may give some insite into Mr Gairy's preoccupation with

Unidentified Plying Objects (UFO). The following is a transcript

of the first five paragraphs of the book.


(continued)








THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER


Week Ending 31.3.79


"JESUS BLESSES THIS BOOK

"Between 12.30 am and 3.30 am on the morning of January 19th

1959, a happening which will eventually have its effect upon

the religious beliefs of this World took place hundreds of

miles from Earth in the purple magnificence of star-studded

Space. An earth person stood face to face with Jesus and

heard Him Bless this Book. Saw Him place it in a

beautifully ornate box and take it away with him.


"Some days prior to this, Mary King, Mother of'George King, was

instructed to prepare herself for a physical meeting with Beings

from another World. She was at this time directed to ....

'Bring the Book. This must not be touched by any

at Aetherius House, save our Mental Channel'


"She took along a copy of The Twelve Blessings to the rendezvous

point, where she was picked up by a Space Craft, Commanded by a

Being known as MARS SECTOR 8.


"After a wonderful journey, the Space Ship entered a Mother Craft.

The Great Master Jesus, Himself, entered, approached the

Commander and said :

'Give Me the Book'.


"The Master Jesus then took It in both hands and this is what He

said:

'Oh, Supreme Master of all Creation

Higher than the Highest,

Mightier than the Mightiest,

Greater than all Greatness,

We bring to Thee this offering in Love and humility

From our beloved brother of Earth -- George,

The one Whom Thou didst choose to be a Leader

Among men of Earth, in this their New Age.' "

(766 words)



GAIRY'S LIST OF ENEMIES

Deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy kept a list of persons he

considered his enemies. This list was discovered among
-(continued)


Page 19


i ___









Week Ending 31.3 79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11


documents at the Prime Minister's official residence, Mount Royal,

and NEWSLETTER has had an opportunity to examine it.


The list is on a sheet of foolscap paper brown with age, brittle and

with mould marks. It has 30 names, 24 of which are typed in

capital letters. The last six at the bottom have been added with

a ball point pen and are also written in capitals.


At the top of the page is written, also with a ball point pen in

capitals, the following, with the Prime Minister's name put in

above the line as indicated

ERIC MATHEW (sic) GAIRY
"MAY GOD HELP ME / TO OVERCOME
THESE ENEMIES."


The words "Eric Mathew Gairy" are in smaller capitals, squeezed in

close to the edge of the paper, while the word "Enemies" is in

larger capitals.


Each person listed has a description attached and, heading the list

is "Derek Knight, Lawyer, Leader of the Senate (Appointed)".

Mr Knight was made Leader of the Senate by the then Premier Gairy

after the General Elections of 1967, and Mr Knight held that position

until Mr Gairy's Government was deposed on March 13th 1979. Mr Knight

was regarded as Mr Gairy's right hand man and, while there have been

reports of serious friction between the two men, the precise reason

for Mr Knight being on the List of Enemies is not known.


The list was probably drawn up in 1972. It contains no names of

members of the New Jewel Movement which came to prominence in 1973,

but it does have names of members of the Grenada National Party, the

political grouping which was Mr Gairy's main opposition until the

General Elections of 1972.


The full list is as follows :-

DEREK KNIGHT, LAWYER, LEADER OF THE SENATE (APPOINTED)
JAMES KENRICK MILNE, WEALTHY BUSINESSMAN
MICHAEL SYLVESTER, LAWYER, REJECTED BY ELECTORS
GORDON RENWICK, LAWYER, LANDOWNER
WELLINGTON FRIDAY, COLLEGE MASTER, POLITICIAN
EVEREST FRIDAY, NOW RESIDING IN BROOKLYN, N.Y., CLERK
(continued)








Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 31.3.79


FISHER ARCHIBALD, AUCTIONEER, EX-SPEAKER OF PARLIAMENT
LENNIE ARCHIBALD, UNDERTAKER
GUY ARCHIBALD, FARM BUSINESSMAN
SAMUEL THOMAS, SHOEMAKER
ARTHUR BOWEN, ENGLISH ARTHITECT (sic), DEPORTED FROM GRENADA
TREVOR EMANUEL (sic) MINISTER OF RELIGION, STEEL BAND MAN.
(the words "steel band man" written in capitals with
a ball point pen)
ESMOND CAMPBELL, PLANTER
CLARENCE FERGUSON, PLANTER
HUDSON SCIPIO, LAWYER, POLITICIAN
GASCOIGNE BLAIZE, BUSINESSMAN
(the word "businessman" written in capitals with a
ball point pen)
HERBERT BLAZE, LEADER OF GOVERNMENT OPPOSITION
BEN JONES, LAWYER
ALISTER HUGHES, BUSINESSMAN
WILBERFORCE NYACK, LAWYER
RALPH M BHOLA, EX-MINISTER, BUSINESSMAN
ALSTON ANDREW, PRESS PROPRIETOR
MERRIDALE BULLPEN, PRESS PROPRIETOR, BUSINESSMAN, AUCTIONEER
MCDONALD WELSH, BUSINESSMAN, EX-MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT
IAN FRANCIS, YOUNG EX-POLICEMAN (with ball point pen in cap als)
RUPERT JAPAL, A MEDICAL PRACTICIANER (Sic) do.
STRACHAN GORDON, A BUILDING CONTRACTOR do.
HAROLD STRACHAN, A DRIVER do.
GORDON GENTLE, LARGE LAND OWNER
ROY DONALD, FARM MANAGER

Eleven of these names have had a scratch placed before them on the

list with a ball point pen. They are Derek Knight, Gordon Renwick,

Fisher Archibald, Trevor Emmanual, Gascoigne Blaize, Alister Hughes,

Wilberforce Nyack5, Merrydale Bullen, Strachan Gordon, Harold Strachan,

Gordon Gentle and Roy Donald.


Of the 30 persons on the list, three are dead and these three are

among the eleven listed above. They are Gascoigne Blaize, Harold

Strachan and Roy Donald. Strachan and Donald were murdered.

(560 words)



CRUISE LINER CALLS.

The last statistics given for cruise liner calls were in NEWSLETTER

,for the week ending March 10th and covered calls until the week

ending March 3rd.

(continued)







Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13


The following are statistics for the three following weeks :-

Date Ship Passengers Week Ending

March 5th "Stella Maris" 167

6th "Angeliha Lauro" 766

7th "Carla C" 712

"Sun Princess" 641

8th "Britanis" 1194

9th "Fair Wind" 930

"Vistafjord" 641

"Frederico C" 756
5757 March 10th

March 11th "Stella Oceanis" 272

"Oceanic" 881

12th "Frederico C" 546

13th "Ivan Franco" 624

"Veendam" 627

"Angelina Lauro" 794

15th "Britanis" 1151
4895 March 17th

March 18th "Statendam" 785

19th "Fair Wind" 956

"Fair Sea" 917

20th "Angelina Lauro" 751

21st "Carla'C" 704

"Sun Princess" 697

22nd "Britanis" 1133
5943 March 24th




Full Text