Volume 7 Number 9
For The Week Ending March 31st 1979
7th Year of Publication - - 207th Issue
ECCA WITHHOLDS MONEY
Mr Maurice Bishop's Peoples' Revolutionary Government faces an
economic crisis. The East Caribbean Currency Authority (ECCA)
refuses to ship money to Grenada and, unless EC$3 million is put
into circulation immediately, the economic life of the country may
come to a halt.
At'a press conference today (31st) Mr Bernard. Coard, Minister of
Finance, said that, early this month, the deposed Government had
placed an order with ECCA for EC$3 million to replace worn out notes
withdrawn from circulation. ECCA headquarters are in St.Kitts
and it appears that some difficulty was experienced in securing a
charter plane to transport the money.
ECCA officials were in Grenada on routine business on March 12th
(the day before the coup) and opportunity was taken then to impress
on them the need to have replacement money as soon as possible.
Since the coup, the urgency of the situation was conveyed to ECCA in
several telephone calls but, according to Mr Coard, "a lot of thin
excuses" were given by ECCA Chairman, Mr Cecil Jacobs, as to why the
money was not sent.
"I spoke to Jacobs myself this morning", Mr Coard said, "and he
admitted to me that he was acting on the advice and/or instructions
of the other islands."
Produced & Printed by Alister & Cynthia Hughes
P O Box 65, St.Georges, Grenada, Weatindies
Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Endina _31.3.79
The East Caribbean Currency Authority is jointly owned and managed
by Grenada, St.Vincent, St.Lucia, Dominica, Antigua, St.Kitts/Nevis
and Montserrat. According to the Authorities latest published
Statement (at 31st December 1978), ECCA held assets at that date
worth EC$210.2 million. Of that figure, EC$176.6 million is
listed as "External Assets", and the remainder as "Internal Assets"
of which BC$28.7 million is "Participating Governments' Securities
including Treasury Bills."
Listed as liabilities is EC$94.3 million notes and coin in
circulation, and EC$10.4 million in reserve. Also listed as
liabilities are Bankers Balances EC$43.7 million and Bankers
Deposits EC$53.6 million.
Mr Coard said Grenada now has EC$2.3 million in worn notes needing
replacement but, in face of the crisis, these are being checked
through with a view to seeing what can be reissued. There is
also EC$200 thousand in new $5 notes in stock, and these are being
"The first measure we intend to take", Mr Coard said, "is to give
this matter the widest publicity both in Grenada and the region,
and this includes appealing to public opinion in the other islands
which own ECCA. The second measure is to file a Writ of
Mandamus against ECCA."
The Minister of Finance said a team of lawyers is now drafting
that Writ and, on Monday (2nd), it will be filed in St.Kitts, the
island in which the headquarters of ECCA are located.
Mr Coard said, in the face of this crisis, Grenada might have to
introduce its own currency, but he thought this regrettable. "We
want to stay within BCCA", he said, "we want to maintain all the
regional institutions, we are firmly committed to Caribbean
integration, indeed, at some future point we want to see political
integration in the region. Hopefully, when we have a new crop
of political leaders in these territories, at some point in the
future hopefully not too distant future we'll be able to
reintegrate the region."
Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 3
BISHOP OUTLINES POLICY
At a rally on Sunday 25th March at Seamoon, an abandoned race track
near to Pearls airport, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop outlined
some of his Government's policies.
In brief, as they affect foreign policy, these are :-
(a) Grenada will remain within the British Commonwealth
of nations with Her Majesty the Queen as Head of State.
(b) Grenada will remain a member of the Organisation of
American States (OAS). Mr Bishop said the OAS is
not always relevant to the lives of the people of this
hemisphere and he thought a wider perspective is needed.
(c) Grenada will remain non-aligned. This, the
Prime Minister said, does not mean that the State will
beneutral, but that it will have an independent
political position and approach.
(d) Grenada will remain in the Caribbean Community
(CARICOM). Mr Bishop said the State will remain
also in all other regional Bodies "which help to
build a Caribbean Nation of one people."
(e) Grenada will take part in the Third World
struggle for a new economic order. This will
include efforts to secure the transfer of technology
and the setting up of an international organisation
to exploit the resources of the sea.
(f) The Prime Minister declared his Government's
stand against racism, especially as practiced in
South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Mr Bishop also set out his Government's policy as it relates to
some internal matters. This policy is as follows :-
(1) Job discrimination against women is to be
abolished. Women are to receive "equal pay for
equal work", and are to be given a "decant period
of maternity leave" with full pay.
Page 4 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 31.3.79
(2) The operations of deposed Prime Minister Gairy's
trade union, the Grenada Manual, Maritime & Intellectual
Workers Union, are to be investigated and, until that
investigation is completed, the union is not to function.
(3) Students at secondary schools may form Students'
Councils, and a National Students' Council is to be
(4) A series of "scientific plans" is to be drawn up and
a "mass national campaign" undertaken to raise national
production. The Prime Minister said this campaign would
call for "struggle and sacrifice" and would involve the
establishment of "food farms" on estates acquired by the
Gairy Government. He said "workers councils" will be
established to involve workers in management of the food
(5) The Commissioner of Police has been instructed to begin
an inquiry immediately into the disappearance of Police
Inspector Iri Bishop in December 1978, and into the
disappearance of furl men from the sister island of
Carriacou, Philip Godwin Matheson, Fortune Matheson, Alston
Leonard and Gregory Francis, in March 1977.
(6) A Code of Ethics & Integrity is to be drawn up for the
guidance of members of the, Peoples' Revolutionary Government.
At a rally held at Seamoon, the abandoned race-track on Grenada's east
coast, on Sunday March 25th, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop announced
the Ministries of the Peoples' Revolutionary Government.
In his own Ministry, Mr Bishop will be responsible for Home Affairs,
External Affairs, Security, Information &.Culture, and Carriacou
Affairs. In each of these divisions, a "Secretary" will be
Appointed with direct responsibility to the Prime Minister.
Mr Bishop announced that Mr Lyle. Bullen of Grenada's sister island
of Carriacou, will be Secretary for Carriacou Affairs. Secretaries
Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
to the other divisions are to be announced later.
Mr Bernard Coard has been appointed to the Ministry of Finance,
Trade & Industry. No Secretaries to this Ministry have been
Mr Unison Whiteman heads the Ministry of Agriculture, Tourism &
Fisheries. Miss Palme Buxo, also a member of Government, is the
Secretary to Tourism.
Mr Selwin Strachan has been appointed Minister of Communications
& Works & Labour. No Secretaries to this Ministry have been
Mr Norris Bain is the Minister of Health & Housing, and Dr Bernard
Gittens, also a member of Government, is Secretary to this Ministry.
Mr George Louison heads the Ministry of Education, Youth & Social
Affairs. No Secretaries to this Ministry have been announced.
Mr Kendrick Radix is Minister for Legal Affairs and Mr Lloyd Noel,
also a member of Government has been appointed his Deputy. No
Secretaries have been announced.
These seven Ministries show a re-arrangement of and reduction from
the Ministries of the deposed Government. In addition to the
Prime Minister and the Minister Without Portfolio (Senator Derek
Knight), there were the Ministries of Labour, Youth Development &
Sport, Education & National Training, Finance, Trade & Industry,
Health & Housing, Social Affairs, Community Development &
Co-Operatives, Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, and
Communications & Works.
In his Ministry, Mr Gairy had Home Affairs, Foreign Affairs, Public
Relations and Tourism.
Grenada's new Peoples' Revolutionary Government is now 23 strong.
iThe first 14 members were announced on Radio Free Grenada on Friday
t16th March, and an additional 9 were introduced to a (continuper
Page6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 31.3.79
"Victory Rally" held at Seamoon (an abandoned east-coast race track)
by Prime Minister Maurice Bishop on Sunday 25th March.
The names of these new Government members, with brief descriptions,
are listed as follows in the New Jewel Movement publication
circulated this week under date of 2nd April.
Miss Claudette Pitt, resident at La Digue, St.Andrews. Said to be
a "legal aid assistant at Grenville Legal Aid Clinic and leading
Mr Coldwell Taylor, resident at Paradise, St.Andrews. Described
as a "former teacher at the St.Andrews Anglican Secondary School, poet,
writer, pan-man and editor of "Cutlass". Leading organizer of
agricultural workers." ('Cutlass' is a New Jewel Movement
publication addressed to agricultural workers. NEWSLETTER)
Mr Gellineau James, resident at Birch Grove, St.Andrews. Mr James
is described as a "teacher at Byelands School-and a popular
Mr Simon Charles, said to be a "small farmer of River Sallee
Mr Basil Gahagan, resident at St.Marks. Described as "President
of the Grenada Assembly of Youth and now Commander of the Peoples'
Mr Leon Cornwall, said to be a "former student teacher at the
Teachers Training College and leading youth organiser."
Mr Fitaroy Bain, described as a "teacher of St.Davids".
Mr Liam James, described as a dockworkerr, Assistant Secretary of
the Seamen's Trade Union (sic) and youth organiser of St.Georges.
i(This union is the Grenada Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union.
Mr Sidney Ambrose, said to be a "small farmer from St.Davids".
?ho New Jewel Movement publication says', "Brothers and sisters would
notice that care has been taken to create a Provisional Revolutionary
Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 7
Government which contains representatives from every parish of the
country, workers, farmers, professional people, business people,
youth and women are all represented in our new government."
Grenada's Constitution is to be considered suspended from "one
second after midnight on the morning of March.13th". Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop announced this at a rally held on March 25th
and he said that, until a new Constitution can be approved by
referendum, the island will be without a Constitution "for the next
Mr Bishop announced eight "Peoples' -Laws" which, he said, came into
effect immediately. It has not yet been possible to get the
exact wording of these laws, but the gist of them is as follows :-
1. Grenada's Constitution is suspended with effect from
March 13th 1979, and all acts of the Peoples'
Revolutionary Government (PRG) are to be considered
legal and cannot be called into question.
2. The Peoples Revolutionary Government is deemed to have
been established on March 13th and has all executive
and legislative powers.
3. Her Majesty the Queen is the Head of State and the
Governor General is her representative. The
Governor General will act as the PRG advises.
4. The West Indies Associated States Supreme Court Act
of 1971 is repealed and the Supreme Court of Grenada
is established with all the jurisdiction of the former
5. All existing laws remain in force.
6. The jurisdiction of the Magistrates' Court is extended
so that that Court may deal with cases of arson and
violence against state property. Penalties for
these offences are increased to a maximum of 5 years
with hard labour.
7. The Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) is deemed to be
established and will be regulated under the Grenada
Military Force Act of 1976 "as appropriate". The
PGA is given powers of arrest and search.
Page 8 THE GRENADA NEWSETTER Week Ending 31.3.79
8. A "Protective Detention Tribunal" of three persons is
established, to which Tribunal persons in protective
custody may apply for a review of their cases. The
first application may be made after 14 days of detention
and, thereafter, every two months.
9. The rights and pensionsof Civil Servants are maintained.
10. All Peoples Laws become effective when signed by the Prime
Minister and declared orally, published on Radio Free
Grenada, or published in the Government G rette.
In connection with Peoples' Law number 4, the establishment of the
Grenada Supreme Court, the Prime Minister said he had spoken with
Mr Justice Archibald Nedd, the West Indies Associated States Supreme
Court judge resident in Grenada, and Mr Nedd has agreed to preside
over the newly established Grenada Supreme Court.
GAIRY'S WITCHCRAFT ROOM
Deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy probably practiced witchcraft.
After the coup d'etat of March 13th, several strange objects and
books were found at his official residence, Mount Royal, these
objects and books being in a room which appeared to have been
reserved for special rites.
NEWSLETTER had an opportunity to visit Mount Royal on Saturday
March 17th. It was found that the room, located in the north-
east corner of the building is some 10 feet by 12 feet and was
Furnished with a double bed and small tables, two of which may have
been used as alters. On these "alters" were crucifixes, statues
of saints, rosaries, together with balls of indigo, pieces of salt-
petre and small bags of a white powder.
Two small cupboards with wire-mesh doors are mounted in the north-
east and south-east corners of the room, the bottom of each cupboard
being about six feet from the floor. There were crucifixes and
statues of saints in each ok these cupboards and a coating of soot
on the inside of the cupboards gave evidence of the burning of
Mr Gairy seems to have dresses specially for whatever ceremonies
Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER age 9
took place in that room. There were two black robes and a multi-
coloured robe of blue, yellow and green. There was also a cape
of blue, greem and orange, and this was fastened at the front with
a broach made of bone and shaped like a cow. Another garment,
fitting around the neck like a loose collar and ending at waist
level was red in colour, about four inches wide and was decorated
Other paraphernalia included a bishop's staff, a headdress in the
shape of a crown, a wooden sword, incense sticks and a great number
of candles of various colours.
There were several bibles in the room together with other books
which suggested witchcraft. Among these were "The Truth About
Witchcraft" by Hans Holzer, "Journeys Out Of The Body" by Robert
Monroe, and "Hostage To The Devil" by Malachi Martin. In the last
mentioned, the fly-leaf indicates that it was, presented to Mr Gairy
by Mr Robert Hunt, an ex-Jesuit priest who managed The Grenadian
Company, an organisation which, at one time, ran an international
lottery from Grcrada.
Also among the books was "The Twelve Blessings The Cosmic Concept
as given by the Master Jesus" This book is written by Dr George
King, "Chairman and Founder of The Aetherius Society", and, in the
foreword, Dr King says this Society is "privileged by being chosen
as the Organisation through which Jesus, Himself, gave the Sacred
Truths known as The Twelve Blessings."
Of himself, Dr King says, "I too feel honoured as the human
instrument who was Overshadowed by the Master Jesus, so that He .A
could radiate essential Energies to all men on Earth and also gave
them a wide Cosmic Concept of these mystic texts."
The tone of this book is set at the beginning of the first chapter
and may give some insite into Mr Gairy's preoccupation with
Unidentified Plying Objects (UFO). The following is a transcript
of the first five paragraphs of the book.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Week Ending 31.3.79
"JESUS BLESSES THIS BOOK
"Between 12.30 am and 3.30 am on the morning of January 19th
1959, a happening which will eventually have its effect upon
the religious beliefs of this World took place hundreds of
miles from Earth in the purple magnificence of star-studded
Space. An earth person stood face to face with Jesus and
heard Him Bless this Book. Saw Him place it in a
beautifully ornate box and take it away with him.
"Some days prior to this, Mary King, Mother of'George King, was
instructed to prepare herself for a physical meeting with Beings
from another World. She was at this time directed to ....
'Bring the Book. This must not be touched by any
at Aetherius House, save our Mental Channel'
"She took along a copy of The Twelve Blessings to the rendezvous
point, where she was picked up by a Space Craft, Commanded by a
Being known as MARS SECTOR 8.
"After a wonderful journey, the Space Ship entered a Mother Craft.
The Great Master Jesus, Himself, entered, approached the
Commander and said :
'Give Me the Book'.
"The Master Jesus then took It in both hands and this is what He
'Oh, Supreme Master of all Creation
Higher than the Highest,
Mightier than the Mightiest,
Greater than all Greatness,
We bring to Thee this offering in Love and humility
From our beloved brother of Earth -- George,
The one Whom Thou didst choose to be a Leader
Among men of Earth, in this their New Age.' "
GAIRY'S LIST OF ENEMIES
Deposed Prime Minister Eric Gairy kept a list of persons he
considered his enemies. This list was discovered among
Week Ending 31.3 79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 11
documents at the Prime Minister's official residence, Mount Royal,
and NEWSLETTER has had an opportunity to examine it.
The list is on a sheet of foolscap paper brown with age, brittle and
with mould marks. It has 30 names, 24 of which are typed in
capital letters. The last six at the bottom have been added with
a ball point pen and are also written in capitals.
At the top of the page is written, also with a ball point pen in
capitals, the following, with the Prime Minister's name put in
above the line as indicated
ERIC MATHEW (sic) GAIRY
"MAY GOD HELP ME / TO OVERCOME
The words "Eric Mathew Gairy" are in smaller capitals, squeezed in
close to the edge of the paper, while the word "Enemies" is in
Each person listed has a description attached and, heading the list
is "Derek Knight, Lawyer, Leader of the Senate (Appointed)".
Mr Knight was made Leader of the Senate by the then Premier Gairy
after the General Elections of 1967, and Mr Knight held that position
until Mr Gairy's Government was deposed on March 13th 1979. Mr Knight
was regarded as Mr Gairy's right hand man and, while there have been
reports of serious friction between the two men, the precise reason
for Mr Knight being on the List of Enemies is not known.
The list was probably drawn up in 1972. It contains no names of
members of the New Jewel Movement which came to prominence in 1973,
but it does have names of members of the Grenada National Party, the
political grouping which was Mr Gairy's main opposition until the
General Elections of 1972.
The full list is as follows :-
DEREK KNIGHT, LAWYER, LEADER OF THE SENATE (APPOINTED)
JAMES KENRICK MILNE, WEALTHY BUSINESSMAN
MICHAEL SYLVESTER, LAWYER, REJECTED BY ELECTORS
GORDON RENWICK, LAWYER, LANDOWNER
WELLINGTON FRIDAY, COLLEGE MASTER, POLITICIAN
EVEREST FRIDAY, NOW RESIDING IN BROOKLYN, N.Y., CLERK
Page 12 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 31.3.79
FISHER ARCHIBALD, AUCTIONEER, EX-SPEAKER OF PARLIAMENT
LENNIE ARCHIBALD, UNDERTAKER
GUY ARCHIBALD, FARM BUSINESSMAN
SAMUEL THOMAS, SHOEMAKER
ARTHUR BOWEN, ENGLISH ARTHITECT (sic), DEPORTED FROM GRENADA
TREVOR EMANUEL (sic) MINISTER OF RELIGION, STEEL BAND MAN.
(the words "steel band man" written in capitals with
a ball point pen)
ESMOND CAMPBELL, PLANTER
CLARENCE FERGUSON, PLANTER
HUDSON SCIPIO, LAWYER, POLITICIAN
GASCOIGNE BLAIZE, BUSINESSMAN
(the word "businessman" written in capitals with a
ball point pen)
HERBERT BLAZE, LEADER OF GOVERNMENT OPPOSITION
BEN JONES, LAWYER
ALISTER HUGHES, BUSINESSMAN
WILBERFORCE NYACK, LAWYER
RALPH M BHOLA, EX-MINISTER, BUSINESSMAN
ALSTON ANDREW, PRESS PROPRIETOR
MERRIDALE BULLPEN, PRESS PROPRIETOR, BUSINESSMAN, AUCTIONEER
MCDONALD WELSH, BUSINESSMAN, EX-MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT
IAN FRANCIS, YOUNG EX-POLICEMAN (with ball point pen in cap als)
RUPERT JAPAL, A MEDICAL PRACTICIANER (Sic) do.
STRACHAN GORDON, A BUILDING CONTRACTOR do.
HAROLD STRACHAN, A DRIVER do.
GORDON GENTLE, LARGE LAND OWNER
ROY DONALD, FARM MANAGER
Eleven of these names have had a scratch placed before them on the
list with a ball point pen. They are Derek Knight, Gordon Renwick,
Fisher Archibald, Trevor Emmanual, Gascoigne Blaize, Alister Hughes,
Wilberforce Nyack5, Merrydale Bullen, Strachan Gordon, Harold Strachan,
Gordon Gentle and Roy Donald.
Of the 30 persons on the list, three are dead and these three are
among the eleven listed above. They are Gascoigne Blaize, Harold
Strachan and Roy Donald. Strachan and Donald were murdered.
CRUISE LINER CALLS.
The last statistics given for cruise liner calls were in NEWSLETTER
,for the week ending March 10th and covered calls until the week
ending March 3rd.
Week Ending 31.3.79 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 13
The following are statistics for the three following weeks :-
Date Ship Passengers Week Ending
March 5th "Stella Maris" 167
6th "Angeliha Lauro" 766
7th "Carla C" 712
"Sun Princess" 641
8th "Britanis" 1194
9th "Fair Wind" 930
"Frederico C" 756
5757 March 10th
March 11th "Stella Oceanis" 272
12th "Frederico C" 546
13th "Ivan Franco" 624
"Angelina Lauro" 794
15th "Britanis" 1151
4895 March 17th
March 18th "Statendam" 785
19th "Fair Wind" 956
"Fair Sea" 917
20th "Angelina Lauro" 751
21st "Carla'C" 704
"Sun Princess" 697
22nd "Britanis" 1133
5943 March 24th