THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Volume 6 Number 29.
For The week Ending November 18th 1978
6th Year of Publication - - 193rd Issue
produced & Printed by Allster & Cynthia Hughes
p 0 Box 65. St.Georges. Grenada, Westindies
NJM GAIAY GOVERa EiT CONFRONTATION J
A confrontation is looming between the Grenada Government and the
Opposition New Jewel Movement (NJM). This coming week-end will
produce a show-down and all members of the Grenada Defence Force *nd
the Police Force have been recalled from leave.
The confrontation centres on a rally advertised by NJM to take place
on Sunday (19th). 'his is an annual event and commemorates thA
anniversary of the occasion on November 18th 1973 when three promtneat
NJM members were severely beaten by a gang of State-paid criminals
under the command of the late Innocent Belmar who was then an
Inspector of Police.
Government has decided to ban the rally and this was disclosed by a
Radio Grenada announcement on Wednesday (15th). The announcement
(which has been rebroadcast several times over the last two days)
said certain Heads of Churches and of Secondary Schools were invited,
co and did attend a meeting of Cabinet last Tuesday (14th).
This meeting was chaired by Prime Minister Gairy and, according tU
Radio Grenada, there was a discussion of "the grave misuse by certain
communist elements of a rally held on Saturday November 11th in
observance of International Students Day."
Radio Grenada said "certain local communist agitators" at the rally
had distributed "disloyal, disrespectful, communistic and subverptve
literature containing some statements and comments which could only
be described as unpatriotic, iniquitous and debased in a democratic
society such as Grenada boasts and holds dear."
Expressed or Suspected
The report said the invited Church and School Heads "availed
themselves of the opportunity to categorically and completely
disassociate themselves and their respective Churches and Schools
THE (.RENADA MEWSLETTER -.Week Ending 18.11.78 page 2
from any such moves by subverts, and pledged their total
rejection of any individual, clique, agency or organization
whose aim, expressed or suspected, is to subvert and disrespect
the duly and democratically elected authorities in the land."
Radio Grenada said also that the "Church and School Heads suggested
that Government should take the necessary action to curb the
spread of any and all subversive activities nationwide."
Radio Grenada then announced that NJM's rally advertised for
Sunday (19th) will not take place. "We have had enough of
this nonsense", the announcement said, "we have had a Commission
of Inquiry, we have seen workers lose their jobs, we have seen
workers' salaries reduced, we have seen school children lose
part of their education, we have seen vendors lose money in the
tourist industry, we have seen Belmar's assassination and have
heard the Jewel confession through one of their own leaders."
A proclamation is to be made under the Public Meetings Ordinance
10/1959, the announcement said, and the public was urged to abide
by the law and not to "get involved in the proposed unlawful
and unauthorised rally." "If, however, any person or persona
think they are greater, stronger or above the law of the land,
and wish to participate in such rally as planned, resulting in
a violation of the law", Radio Grenada said, "such person or
persons must be prepared to face the consequences of their action."
The Ordinance referred to gives the Governor General discretion
to decide whether, "in the interests of good order or public
safety", he should prohibit "in any area, or in any parish, district
village or town in the island"
(a) all meetings, gatherings and assemblLea of persona and
all processions and marches in any public place.
(b) all persons front organising, holding or speaking at or
attending gatherings and assemblies of parsons or any
processions and marches in any public place.
The banning may remain in effect for periods up. to one month and
may be renewed. At time of writing,.the Proclamation has not
:yeb been made. (Continued)
THE hGRENADA NB#SLEFlER Week Ending 18.11.78 Page
Mr Maurice Bishop, NJM's Joint Coordinating Secretary and Leader of
the Opposition, told NEWSLETTER today (17th) that the rally is still
scheduled to take place on Sunday but a decision is to be made in
this connection tomorrow. Mr Bishop felt, however, that it is
important to understand the reasons why Government wishes to ban the
"We believe, first of all," he said, "that there is. tremendous fear
in the ruling party. This has to do with the successes of the
NJM in recent times in consolidating our support and winning over
Mr Bishop said that lead-up meetings to the rally, held over the
last three weeks had been "hughly attended and really warmly
received" even though the Police had not given NJM permission to
use loudspeakers at the meetings. It was estimated, he said,
that some 10,000 people would have attended the rally.
"It is clear that Gairy was desperately afraid of this and wsa
determined to crush this massive show of resistance to his
dictatorship at all costs", Mr Bishop said. "We must understand
that this is a new development. Now, they are not only trying to
stop us from using loudspeakers. They have now moved to the
stage of trying to stop our meetings altogether. NJM sees this
as another nail in the coffin on the way to setting up a full-
fledged Gairy facist dictatorship."
Present at the Cabinet meeting last Tuesday (14th) were His Lordship
Bishop Cuthbert Woodroffe, Anglican Bishop of the Windward Islanda,
Vicar General Cyril La Montagne (representing Roman Catholic Bishop
of Grenada, His Lordship Sydney Charles), the Right Reverend Hoskin
Huggins, Anglican Archdeacon of Qrenada, Reverend Michael Chandoo of
the Presbyterian Church, Pastors Bain and Sargeant of the Seventh
Day Adventists Church, Mr Valentine Francis, Head Master of the
Grenaaa Boys' Secondary School, Brother Anthony, Head Master of the
Presentation Brothers College, Sister Philomena, Head Mistress of
St.Joseph'a Convent, St.Georges, Mrs Joan Price, Head Mistress of
Westmoreland Secondary School and Mr C A Martineau, Headmaster of
,.easley College. (continued)
THE GPRfADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18.11.78 page 4
NEWSLETTER is reliably informed that there is concern among the
Heads of Churches who attended the Cabinet meeting last Tuesday
(14th). It is felt that the Radio Grenada announcement does
not accurately reflect the feelings and attitude of the Churches
and that there is need for clarification of this. A meeting
of Heads of Churches has been called for 10.00 am tomorrow (18th)
following which it is expected that a release will be iseaed.
S (1008 words)
CANE FARMERS REJECT PAYMENT
Cane farmers have refused to accept their share of the profits
of the Grenada Sugar Factory, now ready for distribution. There
are complaints as to the amount of money which is to be shared
and, to date (17th), the matter remains unresolved.
In an exclusive interview yesterday (16th), this was disclosed to
NEWSJuETTER by Mr D M B Cromwell, Managing Director of the Grenada
Sugar Factory Ltd. "We have all the cheqlues prepared and
waiting", he said, "but very few of the farmers have come to
In an effort to resuscitate the sugar industry, a Cane Farmers
Association was formed about two year ago and, on the initiative
of Government, a profit sharing arrangement was worked out with
ithe Sugar Factory. The Factory owned no lands and, under this
arrangement, canes are purchased at ECt40 per ton and, at the end
of the crop, 10% of the profit (after tax) goes to the shareholders
of the Company, 60% of the remainder goes to the cane farmer and
the balance is retained by the Factory.
This arrangement came into effect on March 8th 1977, the day before
the 1977 crop reaping began and, when the crop was over in June,
the cane farmers share of the profit, or "bonus", was paid at
!EC$8.63 per ton. This year, however, the bonus is only EC$3.77
per ton and this has caused great dissatisfaction among cane
"What they dont understand", Mr Cromwell said, "is that in 1977
Ithe bonus was paid only four months after the profit sharing
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER week Ending 18.11.78 Pe 5
arrangements, came into effect. Those months of reaping and
producing were months of high profit and, when the bonus was paid,
it was unaffected by any period of non-production."
The Managing Director explained that the 1978 bonus is paid
in different circumstances and, calculating it, expenses for 12
months had to be taken into account and not 4 months as happened in
the special circumstances at the start of the profit-sharing
arrangements in 1977. And Mr Cromwell said that another factor
affecting the bonus was the fact that substantial sums of money had
had to be spent in 1978 on repairs and maintenance.
"What is also hindering us", he said, "is that the sane farmers.
persist in poor methods of reaping, leaving their canes cut in the
field for too long a period and so bringing the Factory stale canes
front which the recovery of sugar is very poor."
In 1977, Mr Cromwell said, 9,080 tons of cane were delivered to the
Factory and this yielded 513 tons of sugar, a ratio of 17.6998 tons
of cane to produce one ton of sugar. In 1978, 11,283 tons of cane
came to the Factory and this produced 583 tons of sugar, a ratio of
19.353 to 1. The Managing Director said these ratios are very
far from what is economical.
Mr Cromwell. said too that not enough cane is being delivered to
the Factory to make the production of sugar. viable. The
Factory needs 20 thousand tons of cane to grind before we can
think of operating profitably", Mr Cromwell said, "and we are very
disappointed that the cane farmers have not made serious enough
efforts to take us closer to this figure. Profits on the rum we
produce at our distillery are very much more attractive than sugar
production, and this is what is keeping us going."
For the 1978 crop, the Company's position is as follows :-
Income from Distillery EC$152,736
Income from Factory 184.700
LESS overhead Expenses 179,899
LEBS Income Tax @ 50% 78,768
profit (after tax) for distribution ECO 78,769
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER- -Week Ending 18.1-.78 page 6
Share of the profits due to cane farmers is iCt42,535 and this
has been ready for payment since November 15th. The Cane
Farmers Association has. advised Government of their dissatisfaction
over the amount to be paid as "bonus" and a meeting of cane farmers
under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Gairy has been called for
GONA TO PAY CO4 pMILiION BONUS-/
The Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) is to pay
producers a bonus of EC$4 million on the trading year which ended
on 350th June 1978. This was told to NEWSLETTER today (17th)
by GCHA Manager, Mr Robin Renwick, who said that chequeas will be
ready for payment before the end of this month.
"The last year has been a good one", the Manager said, "and this
will be reflected in the Accounts and Report of the Interim Board
to be circulated to producers soon."
Throughout the year, advances are made to producers and, when the
accounts are closed, the profits are distributed to producers in
the form of a "bonus". Mr Renwick said the "net realized prices",
that is, advance plus "bonus", will work out to be ECI .58 on
nutmeg and EC$1.98 and EC$1.24 respectively on number I and number
2 quality mace.
tn July 4th 1975, Government dissolved the GNHA Board of Management
elected by the producers and appointed an "Interim Board" to run
the Association. No elections have been held since. 'The
lisnolved elected Board has challenged Government's action in the
'ourts and it is understood that a hearing before the Privy
councill is pending.
TAWU/ PHQNE CO DISPUTE FOR ARBITRATION V
n industrial dispute between the Technical & Allied Workers
union (TAWU) and the Grenada Telephone Co Ltd has been referred
to an arbitration tribunal for settlement.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18.11.78 Pge 7
On May 17th last, TAWU submitted proposals to the Company for
increases in wages. and fringe benefits for the Company's 81
employees, but, after acknowledging the Union's letter on June T3th,
the Company wrote TAWU on July 14th saying it was not willing to
discuss the proposals.
"The Board of Directors", said the letter, "after careful
consideration of your Union's request, have decided that, the
present financial and other circumstances of the Company do not, in
their opinion, permit entertainment of any wage increases."
By letter of September 4th, TAWU rejected that opinion and gave the
Company 7 days to submit "positive proposals". There was no
reply and, on October 10th,. the matter was submitted by the Union
to the Labour Commissioner in accordance with the Essential Services
Act. Following a meeting of the Company and the Union with the
Labour Commissioner late last month, an Arbitration Tribunal was
appointed on November 14th to deal with the dispute.
Terms of reference of this Tribunal are to enquire and report on the
following matter and to make awards. (1) The Grenada Technical
& Allied Workers Union demand for increases, in wage, salaries and
fringe benefits, and (2) the Grenada Telephone Company's counter
proposal that there be no further increases at this time.
Members, of the Tribunal are Mr Adrian Date, Chairman, Mr George
Brizan nominated by TAWU and Mr Eamon DeFreitas nominated by the
Company. The first sitting of the Tribunal has been tentatively
fixed for Tuesday 21st November.
he Grenada Telephone Co Ltd is owned on a 50/50 basis by the
Government of Grenada and the Continental Telephone Corporation of
the Vnited States of America and, some 6 years ago, the Company
bo$d4 approximately US$1* million from Continental, repayment
to be made by 1984.
NEWBLETTER is reliably informed that the debt to Continental has
increased and now stands at just under US911 million. It appears
that, either Continental has advanced further sums. to the Company,
or the Company is not making repayments and interest charged is
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18.11.78
Increasing the debt.
Up to October 1976, just over US4200,000 had been repaid and, at
time, with the devaluation of Sterling and the Eastern Caribbean
dollar finally fixed at EC#2.70 to US$1, the Company was finding
itself with a greater burden of debt than had been estimated
ROTARY TO GIVE AWARDS
As part of its 10th Anniversary celebrations, the Rotary Club of,
of Grenada is to honour five Grenadians. A panel of non-
Rotarian judges has been appointed and the public has been asked
to make nominations for these awards which are to be for outa.tanding
service in the fields of Youth Activities, Sport, Education,
Social Work, Culture and Agriculture.
A week of anniversary celebrations begins on December 3rd with an
open air ecumenical service in the Market Square, St.Georges.
Other activities include an arts and crafts exhibition and a
dinner-dance, and the names of the five persons to be honoured
will be announced during that week.
The Rotary Club of Grenada was founded on 28th August 1968.
DOMINICA BANANAS HAVE GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY 7/
This year will mark the 50th anniversary of commercial banana
production in Dominica. Until 1928, the banana tree was grown
only as shade in the lime and cocoa plantations, but hurricanes
in 1928 and 1930 almost completely wiped out these orchard crops
and Dominica farmers were in a desperate situation.
"Limes and cocoa take many years between planting and: full
production, and the prospects of staying alive in this interim
period were not very good", says a recent release from the
Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN), "so farmers began
;to look for a new crop."
According to WINBAN, the banana was chosen because it is a
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18.11.78 Page 9
'short term crop, there was a lot of planting material available and,
'while it was small, there was an existing market in the Leeward
Islands. Of the many varieties then growing on the island,
WINAAN says, two stand out. One was the "Pig Martinique" or "Tiro
Michel", and the other was introduced from the .Royal Gardens at Kew
in London. It was the "Lacatan".
The Gros Michel featured in the first shipments of bananas made
from Dominica outside the Caribbean. '-his was in 1932 when a
Dominica businessman, Mr A C Shillingford, exported the fruit to
Liverpool, England by the Layland Steamship Line. Within a year,
the possibilities of the trade had been realized and several North
American and European firms became interested. It was the
Canadian Banana Company, a subsidiary of the United Fruit Company
which finally signed a five year contract to take Dominica'a bananas.
In 1934, shipments to Canada by the "Lady Boats." of the Canadian
National Steamship Line were made fortnightly, and the Canadian
Banana Company paid ECg50 per:bunch of approximately 40 Ibs. panana
disease soon struck, however, and a change had to be made from the
Gros Michel to the more resistant Lacatan banana. World War II
presented another set back and the industry had to be bolstered by
a subsidy from the Colonial Office.
The WINBAN release says that, after the war, some shipments were
made to the United States and Europe and, in 1949, a 15 year contract
was signed with the European firm of "Antilles Products". The first
shipment on this contract was made in July 1949 to Dublin, Ireland,
by the 8 8 "Brarena".
lTie signing of this contract appears to have been the turning point
to success. "Bananas were now firmly established", says WINiAN,
"Geeat Industries took over from Antilles Products and, since then,
the industry has grown from strength to strength."
The 8 S "Geestorest" sailed on November 14th with 15,036 boxes of
bananas weighing 489,626 lbs. There were 400 boxes of rejected
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18.11.78 Page 10
fruit. The Grenada Banana Cooperative Society (GBCS) paid
producers ECO14 per pound on the weight of fruit received at
the boxing plants, but this figure is not yet available.
Also not yet available is the price paid by Geest .Industries
Ltd to GBCS on this shipment.
The boxing plant weight on the shipment by "Geestland" on
November 7th was 664,462 lbs. The price paid by Geest to
GBCS on this shipment was ECO 30.559 per lb.
CRUISE LINER CALLS
Because of unavailability of figures, the last statistics given for
cruise liner calls were for the week ending October 28th.
During the week ending November 4th, two cruise liners called
at Grenada. 'hey were the "Cunard Countess" on October 31st
with 755 passengers, and the "World Renaisance" on November let
with 308 passengers.
Four or ise liners visited during the week ending November 11th.
They were the "Cunard Countess" on November 6th with 715
passengers, the "Angelina Laurb" and "World Renaisance" on
November 8th with 714 and 394 passengers respectively, and the
"Sagafjord" on November 10th with 491 passengers.
The total number of cruise liner visitors (CLV) arriving in
Grenada during October was 9,1,80, making a total of 103,988
CLV coming to Grenada in 1978 to October 31st. In 1977,
the figure for October was 4,251 and the total to October 31st
was 85,084. That marked an increase for October in 1978
of 116% and, for the period ending October 31st, 22%.
During October 1978, there were 15 cruise liner calls, bringing
the total number of calls in 1978 up to 158. In 1977, there
were 4 cruise liner calls in October and a total of 143 calls
for the year to 31st October.
The figure given in NEWSLE2TER for the week ending October 21st
THE OGENADA NEWSLET'TER Week Ending 18.11.78 page 1i
relative to total CLV in 1977 to september 341t to incorrect.
In error, the figure quoted -76,889 was the figure to 31at
August 1977. NEWSLERTER apologises. The correct figure -
to 31st September 1.977 is 80,843. The figure of $36 given for
cruise liner calls to that date is correct.
Total CLV in 1978 to 31at September was 94,784, and the numerical
increase over 1977 for this period is, therefore, 13,944 or
1.7.25% (not 17,898 or 23%).
' .. ... ( LATE NEWS ':'
NJM RALLY CALLED OFF
The New Jewel Movement (NJM) rally scheduled to be held tomorrow
(19th) has been called off. A Government proclamation issued
yesterday (17th) banned all public meetings until November 26th and,
in an exclusive interview today (18th), NJ'"s Joint Coordinating
Secretary, MAr Maacr ie Bishop, told NyWS LETTER that his Party had
decided not to try to stage the rally.
"Based on the most reliable information we have received",
Mr Bishop said, "we are convinced that Gairy's plan is to kill the
leadership of NJM. The dismissal of Commissioner of Police
"Lucky" Bernard is significant and we are sure hit 1the plan is. to
kill as many patriotic Grenadians as possible who might have
attended the rally."
,Mr Bishop said NJM had no alternative but to call the rally off as
it was not in the beat interests "to walk into Gairyta trap and
allow him to get away with mass murder".
The NJM official said he wanted to emphasise that all, the meetings,
leading up to the rally had been peaceful, and Government had been
forced to fabricate a reason to ban the rally because thete is no
threat to good order or public safety.
;"We call on the Churches, tradeunions and all public spirited
.individuals and organizations in Grenada and throughout t)e
Caribbean to publicly condemn this final nail in the coffin of
THE GRPNADA NEWSLETTER Week ending i8.161.78_ Page 12
,democracy in Grenada, and the building of a racist political
order", he said.
In a parallel development, the four principal Churches in
Grenada have drawn up a statement to be read in all Churches
tomorrow (19th) stating that, when they met with Prime Minister
Gairy and his Cabinet last Tuesday (14th), there was no mention of
the NJM rally.
The statement says that discussion at the meeting with Cabinet,
centered around a rally held on November 11th to commemorate
"International Students Day", and it was reported that communist
literature and "leaflets of a highly insultive (sic) and subversive
nature against the Honourable Prime Minister had been circulated
among the youths."
"Marxist communism as a way of life or as a philosophy of life is
repugnant to Chriatiana"., the statement sawe, "and in response to
these revelations, several Church and School leaders (at the
meeting) registered shock and protest against the children in
their schools being exposed to such indoctrination."
The statement says that it was to safeguard the "God-aiven right'
to be free to speak at all times that the Heads, of Churches or
their representatives spoke in no uncertain terms at the meeting
with Cabinet. "To be free to speak at all times in keeping
with the terms of the United. Nations Declaration of Human Rjghta,
evq though that speaking, at times., may be contrary to Government,"
says the statement, "ia. the precious heritage of all citizens ofe
all democratic and non-communist countries."
The Heads of Churches called on the nation to support all the
things that make freedom, justice and peace.
The statement is signed by the Anglican Archdeacon of Grenada,
the Right Reverend Hoskin Huggins, the Roman Catholic Vicar
General, Cyril La Montagne, Reverend Michael Chandoo of the
Presbyterian Church and Reverend John Withington of the Metbodi t
I Church. (555-words.)
15th November 1978