P 0 Box 65
THI GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Volume 6 Number 19
For The Week Ending September 2nC 1978
6th Year of Publication. - - lOr3 lawge
Government's direct involvement an'Grenada's industrial
development is vital to the success of "Operation Bootatring.
This is the opinion of the committee set up to make
recommendations to Government with respect to priorities for the
development of a list of industries proposed for the island's
The list was put forward on Friday August 18th at a meeting of
same 50 businessmen called by and under the chairmanship of
Brime Minister Gairy. Mr Gairy outlined then a plan he called
"Project Industrialisation & Employment Bootstring" which he said
was designed to lift Grenada's economy to a level of self-
sufficiency and provide employment for thousands of young people.
Mr Gairy told the meeting that, in addition to protecting local;
manufacturers with tariffs and quantitative restrictions,
Government was prepared to take shares in any industry up to the
level of 49%.
The meeting discussed the list of industries and appointed a
committee of 9 to look more closely at it. That committee,
under the chairmanship of Mr Fred Toppin, Managing Director of
Jonas Browne & Hubbard Ltd, reported to a meeting of about 400
persons called by the Prime Minister on Friday August 25th.
The committee said its approach was to divide the list of *pryoaed
industries into three categories. Gatagory Ai includes those
industries which can be developed without improvement to Grenada's
existing infrastructure. The infrastructure it had in mind,
the committee said, was principally electricity, water, roads,
and to a lesser extent, communications including airline, freight
services and telephone.
THE GRENADA NEWSITTER r Week Ending .2.9.78
Category A2 is existing agricultural. and manufacturing inAustrise
.requiring short term improvement to the infrastructure. The
third category, B, includes industries which require major
improvement and development of existing infrastructure.
There were 38 items on the original list of proposed industries
and, after consideration and expansion, the committee placed 28
in category Al, 13 in A2 and 9 in B. There is, however, a
still unexplained overlapping in which some industries have been
placed in two categories and one, Fruit & Vegetable Production,
in all three categories.
In preparing these lists, the committee said it had used three
broad criteria for recommending priority for early development.
These criteria are the
labour intensive potential
of the industry, its
possibilities, and its
capacity to earn foreign
Taking the number one
priority spot are agro-
industries involving basio
food items includingedatry
production and meat and
fish processing. Non-
basic food items form a
sub-group of this priority
Thin gub-arouyp include
Priority No. I
(A) Basic Pood Items
1) Fruit & Vegetable Production
2) Livestock Rearing
4 Poultry & Egg Production
5 Fish Processing
6 Meat Processing
7 Production of Salt
(B) Non-Basic Food. Items
(1) Production of Condiments,
Sauces, tamarind Sauces,
Vinegar, Steak Sauces,
Chutneys, Pepper Sauce,
(2) Production of confectionery
Cocoa flavoured and
Spice flavoured, use of
Fruits, Gauvas, Pawpaw,
(3) Production of Jams, Jellies,
Preserves, Dried Fruit for
(4) Cocktail Snacks, Cashew '
peanuts, Pumpkin Seeds,
Bluggoe, Plantain &
production of condiments and seasonings, confectionary, jams,
jellies and cocktail snacks.
The second priority covers industry oriented to the tourist
trade. Handicraft, cut flowers, fragrances and art
production are included. Next in priority is what the
committee calls "household, utility & construction." Among
ThB GRE~JADA NEWJLETER Week Rnding I.9.78
items listed under this head are production of cement, lumber,
detergents, clay products and furniture.
The last priority covers paper Tourist Oriented Industry
products, engraving and printing W Handicraft
manufacture of containers and Bamboo Produts Baskets,
leather tanning. Blinds, Boreens & Other
The committee speculates that production of Toys (soft
Grenada could make considerable Black oral
6 cut Flowers
savings it the items set out in ) Production of Pragranees &
its priority listings are (8) Art production.
produced locally. "Based on estimated Import Statistics for
1977", the Report says, "the gross value and saving potential
which could accrue to the country from the local production of
I Priority No 3 presently imported items is
Household. Utility & Construction
EC 21.8 million containing a
(1) Production of Bags (banana
straw & other fibres) notional labour element of
3 Curing of Lumber EC45.8 million.
4 Furniture production Warning
5 Clay Products Hpuse & Roof W
Tiles, Bewer pipes The committee's recommendations
(6) Fibre Products Brooms, Scrub
Brushes, Dusters etc contain a warning that,
(7) Fibre Glass Products
) Detergents Oils, Soap, Soap although some industries are
i-- Powders, Oleanaers eto.
PowdersCleane listed as being able to be
initiated without substantial improvement to the infrastructure,
"further expansion of these industries and further development of
additional ones could be Priority No 4
seriously hindered by the lack
(1) Paper Products Wrapping
of certain infrastructural Paper, Napkins, Toilet
Paper, Paper Bags.
improvement and development." (2) Engraving & Printing -
Production of Christmas
In this connection, the Report Cards, Greeting Cards,
Brochures, Call Cards,
lists water supply, feeder road Invitations.
i3) Manufacture of Containers
air access, transportation, 4 Leather Tanning.
electricity and telecommunications.
The need for improved air services and an extension of the
existing electricity supply was also noted and it was recommended
that early efforts be made to expand and rehabilitate the
island's agricultural crops. It is urged that the supply of
THE QRElDA NEWSLETTER Week Bding 9-9.78
planting material be accelerated and that ti at priorty to the
"Estimated production (cocoa) for the current year is 25,000
bags or 5 million pounds at a current prioe of EC14 ter pound
or a gross export produce of EC320 million", the Report says.
"It is our understanding that this indutry could expand
fourfold to yield, on the basis of current prices, W2080 million."
The committee feels that similar considerations can be applied
to Grenada's other major crops and, after coooa, it recommends
that sugar-cane be given first attention, followed by nutmegs,
cooonuts and bananas in that order.
Government commitment to be directly involved in the island's
industrial development through provision of land and buildings,
technical assistance, credit and joint venture participation
is noted by the committee. "All this we consider vital to
the success of "Operation Bootatring", says the Report, "and
we recommend, as a beginning, the immediate establishment of
an Agency within Government which will be staffed initially to
serve as a liaison division between Government and interested
or potential investors as well as existing growth industries,
while further planning and organisation is in process."
There was no formal adoption of the committee's Report by the
meeting on Friday 25th, but a committee was appointed to *
recommend to Government the organisation which will be necessary
to implement the first committee's recommendations. The new
committee has six members, three of whom represent Government
and three the business community.
The Government members are Dr Devere Pitt and Mr George Briszn,
economists attached to the Grenada Boys' Becondary Bohool, and
Mr Neville Nedd, an officer of the Ministry of Agriculture*
Representing the business community are Mesara Pred Toppin,
Bill Renwick and Coawin Courtney. Dr Pitt is Chairman.
However, in a paid advertisement in the "Torchlight" newspaper
of August 30th, Mr Brison has indicated that he will decline
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER We.ek. Ending. .9.78
nomination to the.committee. The advertisement says :-
"Some people whom Brizan has criticized have apparently
taken objection to his nomination on a Government
Committee to discuss the Industrialisation of Grenada,
but let it be known that Brizan was not even present
at that meeting and was nominated in absention (sio).
Although as a student of Ecoomnice I can see no
objection in discussing Inddstrialisation of Grenada,
however due to nasty political and misleading twist
that is being given to my presence on this Committee,
I have since declined nomination and have asked that
my name be withdrawn."
In an exclusive interview with Dr Pitt today (30th), he told
NEWSLETTER that the first committee's recommendation that an
Agency be established had been accepted, "This will be
an Agency which will provide an information flow from and to
the public", he said, "it will channel to Government suggestions
for the improvement of "Operation Bootstring", and it will
provide the the public with information, assistance and advice on
Dr Pitt said his committee met on Tuesday (29th) "to draw up
preliminary proposals" and would meet again on Friday (1st).
That meeting will be attended by Mr George Hosten, Minister of
Finance, and Government technical officers.
Dr Pitt did not see his, committee as continuing indefinitely in
its present role. "Maybe when the Agency is well established
and operating we will be dissolved", he said, "or maybe we will
be retained in an advisory capacity."
"Operation Bootstring", in Dr Pitt's opinion, will make a
significant impact on Grenada's economy "in the medium term".
"I will not say that outstanding results will be seen in 6 months",
he said, "but, because of the nature of the exercise, once the
production machinery gets going and people are prepared to use the
products, it will do a lot for the island and particularly the
unemployment problem and the saving of foreign exchange.
**,****,**** (1248 words)
THEl GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 2.9.78
NEW GOVERNOR GJNRAL FO) GRERADA I
Governor General Sir Leo deGale is to resign on September 30th.
This announcement was made today (30th) by the Government
Information Service, and it is stated that "Her Majesty has
given her gracious consent to the Right Honourable Prime Minister's
nomination of Paul Godwin Scoon O.B.E. M.ed, Esquire, to be the
next Governor General of Grenada with effect from 30th September
Sir Leo,57, became Governor of Grenada on January 23rd 1974,
replacing Dame Hilda Bynoe who fled the island on January 21st
1974 when St.Georges was looted by a State-paid gang of criminal
known officially as the Police Aids. Sir Leo was appointed
Governor General when Grenada was granted independence on
February 7th 1974.
The retiring Governor General has a military background. He
joined the Canadian Army in 1940 and saw service during World
War II in Canada, the UK, Italy, France, Belgium, Holland and
Germany. He was awarded the 1939/45 Star, Italy Star, Prance
a German Star, Canadian Volunteer Service Medal (with clasp),
Defence Medal and Victory Medal.
In 1969, Sir Leo was made a Commander of the British Empire
(C.B.E.) by Queen Elizabeth, and in 1974 was elevated to the
Grand Cross of St.ilichael and St.George (G.C.M.G.).
The announcement of his retirement has eoded months of
speculation that Sir Leo wished to relinquish his post and
retire to Australia. No announcement has yet been made of
his future plans except that he and Lady Brenda will take formal
leave of the Queen at Buckingham Palace on October 19th.
The new Governor General, Mr Paul"Scoon,43, is a Grenadian who
has been resident in Britain since 1973. Educated at the
Grenada Boys' Secondary School, he has studied at the Institute
of Education, University of Leeds, and at the University of
Toronto. lie holds the Bachelor of Arts from London
diversity and a Masters in Education from the University of
THE GRENADA NEWSLDTE3 Week Ending 2.9.78
Except for two years study abroad, Mr 8oona taught at the Grenada
Boys' Secondary Sohool from 1953 to 1967. He was then
transferred as Assistant Seoretary in the Ministry of ooial
Affairs and became, in turn, Chief education Officer and
permanent Secretary in the office o'f then Premier Gairy. Between
July 1969 and December 1.972, he was Cabinet Secretary and, since
January 1973, has been on esoondment from the Grenada Government
to the post of Deputy Direotor of the Commonwealth Foundation.
On 27th June 1970, Mr Sooon married Mrs Esmai Monica MoNeilly nee
Lumeden (a widow). He has three'~top9-oh*ac m.
The new Queen's Representative was honoured by the Queen in 1970
when, in her Birthday Honours List, he was awarded the Order of -.:
the British Empire (O.B.E.)
The date of Mr Sooon's arrival in Grenada has not yet been
GERMAN AMBASSADOR PnRSDNTS CREDBETIALS /
His Excellency, Mr Karl-Heinz Rouette, Ambassador to Grenada of
the Federal Republic of Germany, presented his credentials to
Governor General Sir Leo deGale on August 16th. The
Ambassador later paid an official oall on Prime Minister GaOry.
Ambassador Rouette is based in Trinidad.
BIRTIS AID DELEGATION IN OCTOBER k
A delegation from the United Kingdom will visit Grenada in
October to discuss aid to the country. 'his was disclosed by
Prime Minister Gairy at a meeting on August 25th of some 400
people called to discuss "Operation Bootstring", a plan proposed
by Mr Gairy for the industrialization of the island.
The Prime Minister said he was certain the British Government
THE GRENADA BNELETTER Week Leading 2.9.78
would support the plan. A letter he received reoant*y from
Mrs Judith Hart, the British Minister of Overseas Development,
was "very encouraging". He expected that, when a UK
delegation visits Grenada in 7 weeks time, areas of.cooperation
and assistance will be discussed.
ST GEORGE PORT TO BE UPGRADED!
The Grenada Government proposes to extend the docks at Bt.Georges
to include construction of 250 feet of berth for schooners and
motor vessels. Plans also include provision of a "roll-on
roll-off" platform and reclamation of 3 acres of land.
An advertisementcurrently appearing in the Government Gazette,
invites "submission of pro-qualification data from interested
consulting engineering firms for a pre-inveatment study
leading to the preparation of preliminary designs with cost
estimates" for these port improvements.
The advertisement ays the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) has
given a loan towards the cost of this study and the pre-
qualification data must be sent in not later than Friday
September 1st 1978.
Following receipt of the data, a 'short-list' of firms or
joint ventures will be prepared and technical proposals will
be requested for the project. Consideration will be limited
to "firms or joint ventures whose principal place of business
is in one of the member countries of CDB, the USA and the
Federal Republic of Germany."
OPF-SHORE MEDICAL SCHOOLS CAUSE COMCBRN J
The establishment of the St.Georges University School of
Mejioine in Grenada and moves to establish other Schools of
Medicine in the Eastern Caribbean are causing concern to
officials of the Caribbean Community ( CARICOM).
Thia situation was discussed at a meeting of GARICOM Health
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week ,ding 2.9.78
Ministers held in St.Lucia in July, and it was decided to apDoint
a committee to examine the question of "off-shore" Medical Schools
in the Westindies. That committee met in Barbados on August
26th but no release has been issued. It is expected that the
committee will report to the next meeting of CARICOM Health
Ministers, following which, a statement will be made.
Dr Wellington Friday, Minister of Education, represented Grenada
at the Barbados meeting. He was advised by his brother,
Dr Ethelstan Friday, Consultant Surgeon at Grehad's. General
Hospital, Professor of Surgery and Associate Dean of Clinical
Studies at the St.Georges University School of Medicine.
The St.Georgea University-School ar Medicine opened its doors
on January 17th 1977 with an enrollment of 197 students and a
faculty of five. The School is located at True Blue on
Grenada's south coast on property leased from the Government for
10 years at US$21,500 per annum and, by an Act of Parliament
passed in 1976, has been given the'"sole.and exclusive charter
for a medical school."
The School is owned by a Company of which the shareholders are
Messrs Patrick F Adams, Louis J Modica and Edward McGowan, and
Dr (law) Charles Modica, the son of Mr Louis Modica. Dr Modica
is the Chancellor of the University and the Company has agreed
that "as long as the School is in operation and commencing with
the clinical programme of 1979, it will pay Government in medical
supplies and equipment the sum of US$100,000 for use at the
Hospital and/or other heath facilities in Grenada and, in addition,
US$75,000 to be used fdr Government purposes".
In an interview (soon after the School opened) with Mr Stephen
Vejvoda, then Special Assistant to Dr Modica, NEWSLETTER was given
the names of the faculty and something of their background. In
view of the reservations then being expressed by the Grenada
Medical Association about the standards of the School, NEWSLETTER
undertook an investigation of those backgrounds. The result of
that investigation is now published for the first time.
THE GREIADA NEWSLETTER W6ek-Ending 2.9.78
According to Mr VJ3vodo, Dl Ajit Dhawan was professor of -
Amatomy at the School. Mr Vejvoda said Dr Dhawan had taught
at both Columbia University (Physicians & surgeons) and at
Einstein College. NB!VtSLETTE; R'a inquiry to Columbia brought
the reply that Dhawan had been a "Trainee" and an "Associate"
and had instructed in gross anatomy but did not lecture.
NEaSLETTER was told also that he had been a candidate for the
Ph.D in Anatomy but had failed the oral examination.
Einstein College sqad Dhawan "worked in our lab for only a
Information from Mr Vejvods was that Dr Henry Natunewicz, the
School's lecturer in Medical Research Writing, is a graduate of
Stanford University and a past professor of Yale. Stanford
University required a release from Dr Natunewicz before
information could be given and Yale's reply said "...we have no
records on a Dr Natunewicz ..."
The third member of the faculty, Dr Pramrod Shah, taught
Biological Chemestry and, according to Mr Vejvoda, taught at
the University of Pennsylvania "some 7 or 8 years ago". That
University advised NEWSLETTER that it was "unable to locate
any information concerning his tenure here".
Dr David Brown, said Mr Vejvoda, taught Developmental Psychology
at the School and had had "teaching activity" at Einstein
College. Einstein-advised NEWSLETTER that this gentleman
"worked in our lab for only a short period."
The last member of the faculty, Dr Helmut Nienstadt, taught
Biological Statistica. Mr Vejvoda gave no details of
Not On List
Through informed sources, NEWSLETTER ascertained that the nanes
of these five faculty members did not then appear on the
computer list of physicians maintained by the American
medicall Association. NEWSLETTER was advised that this fact
indicates that "they are either not physicians or perhaps
,, holders of the Ph.D degree or that they have never been
THE GRENADA NEYSLETTE Week Adding 2.9.78
licenced to practice medicine in the United States."
Lost December, the School published a Paculty List on which,
of the five original fooulty members, only Drs Brown and
Neinstedt appear. Dr Brown in listed as holding the
Ph.D from Princeton University. Other positions listed
as held by him are those of Assistant Professor of
PeydrCaay at Queena Collage of the City University of New
York, Senior Research Scientist at New York State paychlatic
Institute, and Post-Doctoral FPllow at Albert Einstein College
Dr Nienetadt is listed as holding a Ph.D from Yeshiva
University and, under "other positions held" is noted
Assistant Professor, State University of New York.
This Peculty List, covering the School' first and second
semesters, refers to both full and part-tlme personnel.
Forty-six names appear on the List and, in an interview
last December, the Chancellor, Dr Modica, told NEWSLETTER,
"Some of our original profeassts were not what we expected
and I realized we had some changes to be made to our
Dr Modica said the School then had 12 full-time professors,
30 visiting professors and 3 guest speakers.
Dr Ethalatan Fridoy, Consultant Surgeon at Grenada's
General Hospital, has recently been appointed Professor
of Surgery and Associate Dean of Clinical Studies at the
The S 8 "Geeattide" sailed on August 29th with 13,227 boxes
of bananas weighing 465,362 lbs. Thert were 337 boxes
of rejected fruit. The Grenada Banana Cooperative
Society (GBCS) paid producers EC4 14 per poud on the
weight of fruit received at the boxing plants, but this
weight is not yet a%*ilable
TH; GRENADA NEWSLETTIa Week Ending 2.9.78
The price paid by Geest Iontatriea on this ahiment is also not
available but, on the shipment by "Geestoreat" on August 22nd,
Geest paid GBCa EC# 33.687. On the ahiptont of August 22nd,
the boxing plant weight was 442,770 lbs.
BAiANA BAHRO)T /
Shipped TO ...
23,814,791 Up 8.724
21,273,037 Up 7.20%
18,748,730 il Up P4.08O
15,369,158 Up 12.73%
12,532,604 Ui p Up 21.76%
9,576,104 I Up 17.40%
6,769,839 UP 18.33
3,711,002 Up 44.725
CRUISE LISmR CALL
The last statistics for cruise liner calls were given in
NEWSLETTER for the week ending August 19th and were for the
week ending August 12th.
During the week ending August 19th, there were two calls.
These were the "Cunard Countess" on Tuesday 15th with 773
passengers and the "Angelina Lauro" on Wednesday 16th with
Calls during the week ending August 26th were the "Pair Wind"
on Monday 21et with 1,089 passenger, the "Cunard Countess"
on Tuesday 22nd with 759 passengers, and the "Angelina Lauro"
on Wednesday 23rd with 746 passengers*
'X tan :: 4pWptimber 1978