The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text

Alla er iughes
P Blcx'- 65
Volume 6 Number 12
For The Week Ending July 15th 1978
6th Year Of publication - t76th Issue


Scientists of the Windward Islanda Banana Association (WINBAN)
have identified the Moco banana disease in Grenada.

Moco, or Bacterial Vascular Wilt disease, originated in tropical
America and now has world wide distribution. Caused by a
strain of the bacteria Pseudomonaa Solanacearum, the disease

is more likely to
strike in wet land
but it does appear

also on dryer
lands and,
according to the
authorities, it is
very difficult to

Symptoms include
yellowing of
leaves, withering
of 'suckers',


N \

. '.'.. in. .*


' \

-.- r -.t .

'"iUnd"' of bananas with
Individual diseased fingerer"

premature ripening of several 'fingers' while the bunch is still

on the plant, and a black rot inside otherwise healthy looking

Mo speared in Trinidad in epidemic proportions in 1890 and the
ouJt M.most eliminated the bluggoe, a member of the banana I
family which is an important item of Weatindian diet. There
was a severe localised outbreak in Trinidad's Rio Claro distriOt

in 1934 and, according to a WINBAN release, "Moco devastated
banana plantations in Trinidad in the early sixties, forcing that

island out of commercial production."

----- ^-------"----




Aa16ter Hughea
THE G-.~ EADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 15.7.78

Until now, Moco disease has not been definitely identified in
th4~Windward Islands, but suspicious symptoms have been noted

in St.Vincent. Following field investiga$tioPs in Grenada
and subsequent work iii the WINBAN research laboratories,
WINBAN technicians have now positively identified Mooo and have

stated that it is "plaguing the northern section of Grenada."
NEWSLETTER has been unable to find out the extent of the affected

area as officials of both the Ministry of Agriculture and the
Grenada Banana Cooperative Society (GBCS) appear reluctant to
give information. One source close to GBC8 said the disease
is confined to one quarter-acre GBCS demonstration plot, but
this statement conflict with the facts.

It is within NEWSLETTER's knowledge that, in early February of
this year, WINBAN advised the authorities in Grenada that Moco
Disease had been positively identified'in three areas in the
northern sector of the island. One,area was the GBCS
demonstration plot at Samaritan and the other two were the
estates of Drummity and Madeys.

This information was not publicised but a WINBAN.release of

July 5th says a survey is now being carried. out by GBOS,
WiNBAN and the Ministry of Agriculture to determine how large

an area of the islands affected.

Spread of the disease is effected by insects, bees aand wasps,
by the movement of planting material from one area to
another, and by the transfer of the bacteria on cutlasses used

for pruning. According to WINBAN, there is no chemical

which can be applied to affected plants to cure them and

control of the disease is nat easy. Where large areas are

affected, no bananas, plantainsaor bluggoes should be plant
for two years.

The WINBAN release urges that suspected cases be reported

promptly to Government's Agrioultural Extension Officers.
"Control of MOco", it says, "is a matter of life or death for
the banana industry in Grenada." (/90 words)

Alister Hughes.
Page 3

The Prosecution closed its case today (13th) in the trial of two

men accused of murdering Acting Minister of Agriculture, Innocent

Belmar, on January 4th of this year.

Accused are Kennedy Budhlall, 24, and Lauriston Wilson, 23, and
the trial opened in the High Court before Mr Justice Archibald

Nedd on June 20th.

During last week, the jury of eight men and four women were kept

out of Court while Defence and Prosecution argued the case for the

admissibility or otherwise of three statementalleged to have been

made by Wilson while under arrest. Main thrust of the Defenc's
argument was that the statements were not given voluntarily,

while the Prosecution stated that they had been.

On Friday afternoon (7th) the Trial Judge reserved his judgement

on the matter and, on Monday (10th) he said that, after
considering the evidence and arguments presented, it was his

opinion that Wilson had given the statements. voluntarily. He

therefore ruled that these statements could be entered as


At this point, the jury was recalled and most of this week has

been spent examining the Police Officers who arrested the two

accused, who took the statements from Wilson and who were present

when the statements were taken.
"Good Blows"
Highlights of this examination include descriptions by Inspector

Godfrey Augustine of the crowd outside the Grenville Police
Station on January 5th. Inspector Augustine said that at

12.30am there was a "tense" crowd of 50 outside the Station.

4.390W tkm crowd had grown to 100 and had become "tense and
nervous. .' By 4.00pm, when Budhlall had been arrested and was

being taken to the Station, the crowd was 500 strong and was
"angry". Ihe Inspector said the crowd attacked Budhlall and

"gave him some good blows".

Inspector Augustine also told the Court the circumstances of

aBu4hlall'a arrest. According to him, with a search party of

Alister Hughes
Pase 4

4 policemen, he found Budhlall in a small shack about 20 yards

from the road and on the lands of the arrested man's father.

The Inspector said he first saw Budhlall standing outside the

shack in the presence of one of the search party. At that

time, there was no blood on Budhlall and no signs of violence

on him.

The Inspector said, however, that by the time they had walked

the 20 yards to the road, he noticed blood on Budhlall's head.

He could not tell the Court how this had come about.
:9.?,cent at this time, acobding to Inspector Augustine, was Terrence

Jones, alias "Coropang", who, in the Duffus Commission of Enquiry

into police brutality in Grenada (1973/74) was a member of the

',mongoose gang". This gang, the Commissioners found, was

recruited and controlled by Prime Minister Gairy and was "... an

unlawfully constituted body of men ... whose qualifications

for service in many cases ... was their known disposition for

violence and lawlessness." Terrence Jones is now a member

of the Grenada Defence Force and was one of the search party

under Inspector Augustine.

Also dealing with Budhlall's arrest, Sergeant Peter Williams

told the Court that he saw the arrested man in a bloody and

unconscious state at the Grenville Police Station. Budhlall

had to be taken to the hospital, he said.

Another highlight of the evidence given this week came from

the Prosecution's witness, Joachim Ventour. Ventour said

he had been present at the scene of the shooting and had been

atandijg near to one of the alleged eye witnesses, Nerry Lee.

In his evidence, Lee had said that Ventour would be able to

describe Budhlall, having recognized him on the night of the

murder, but Ventour said he was not able to do this. Ventour

said also that Lee has been encouraging him to come to Court

and say that he recognized Budhlall that night.

Defence Council told NEWSLETTER this afternoon (13th) that they

would present a "no case" submission to the Judge when Whe

Court sits tomorrow. continuedd)

Alister nugnc.
Page 5

Appearances are Messrs Maurice Biahop, Jloyd Noel and Ben Jones

for Budhlall, and Messrs Kenrick Radix and Wilberforce Nyack for

Wilson. Mr Noel left early this. week for the United Kingdom

to be present for a Privy Council hearing in which he has

interest, and the Defence is being assisted by a 'rinidad

barrister, tr Irank Solomon, who came to the island on Tuesday


The prosecution is being handled by Trinidad barrister, Mr

Nathaniel King, who is acting for the Attorney General, Mr

Ernest John.
(748 words)


An attempt was made to burn the dwelling house of Mr Lloyd John,

witness for the Defence in the Belmar murder trial now being held.

In an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER on Monday (10th),

Mr John said he completed his evidence on Friday 7th and, in the

early hours of Saturday 8th, somebody tried to set fire to the

house where he lives with his family.

"It was about 3.00am when we heard a suspicious noise outside

and looked out", he said. "One corner of the building was

blazing and we rushed outside and started to fight the fire."

Mr John said his house is wooden and measures 18 feet by 22 feet.

Two adults and 8 children ranging from 3 years to 17 years live

in it. "It took us 15 minutes to put out the fire", he said,

"and we discovered after that the other three corners of the

building had been soaked with kerosene."

Mr John was one of the three persons arrested and charged with

the murder of Innocent Belmar on January 4th. He was freed on

March 17th after the preliminary hearing in the Megistrate's

(1.94 words)

Alister Hughes
page 6


A reporter of the Grenada "Torchlight" newspaper was forbidden

to take notes in a Magistrate's Court this week.

According to a report in the "Torchlight", the reporter attended

the Magistrate's Court in the Eastern District on Monday (10th)

where Mr I I Duncan presides. When the Court sat, the
Court's bailiff drew to Mr Duncan's attention the presence of

the reporter, and Mr Duncan declared that he had given no

permission to anyone to take notes in his Court.

The reporter presented his press card and a barrister who was

present pointed out to the Magistrate that no law forbids

reporters from taking notes in Court. Mr Duncan, however,

refused to permit the taking of notes and made the pronouncement

that "things go by rules here".

"his is the second recorded occasion on which Mr Duncan has

operated his Court by special "rules". Investigating the

breakdown of law and order in Grenada in 1973/74, the Duffua
Commission of Inquiry found that, on an occasion when 6 members

of the Opposition New Jewel Movement were arrested and brought

before Mr Duncan, he refused to grant them the bail due them as

of right.

The Commissioners reported that when a barrister pointed out to

Mr Duncan that the six men must get bail according to law,

Mr Duncan "...made the amazing statement, 'We are not considering

law here you can say what you want. I am not granting bail'."

The Duffus Commissioners expressed the opinion that Mr Duncan

is "quite unfitted" to be a Magistrate, and they recommended

that the Judicial & Legal Services Commission inquire into
his conduct with a view to determining whether he should be

fired. No action has been taken.
(279 words)

Alister Hughes
THE GRENADA NRSLtTTER Week Ending 15.7.78
Page 7..
Commercial banks in Grenada have paid Government over EC040
thousand under the provisions of the Banking (Special Deposits)
Act 1976.

Passed in March 1976, this Act states that where moneys have
remained "dormant and unclaimed" in a bank's books for 6 years,
these moneys must be transferred to Government. Depositors
may claim their money from the A@countant General within a year,
failing which, it "shall lapse to and become part of the
revenues of Grenada."

In special cases, if a depositor can prove he was out of the
State or for other specified reasons was unable to claim within
the year, he is permitted to claim within 10 years.

There are 4 commercial banks in Grenada, Barclays Bank
International Ltd (Barclays), the Canadian Imperial Bank of
Commerce (CIBC), the Bank of Nova Scotia (Scotiabank) and the
Royal Bank of Canada (Royal). When, in August 1976, the first
payments were made to Government under the Act, these banks
turned EC$436,448.54 over to the Accountant General covering
1,964 "dormant and unclaimed" accounts.

Of that amount, Barclays had 940 accounts totaling EC$141,981.82,
CIBC had 133 accounts totil1ing EC$10,218.57, Scotiabank had 176
accounts totalling EC$10,462.70 and Royal had 715 accounts
totaling EC$273,785.45.

'he payments for 1977 were considerably less and only CIBC and
Royal turned money over to Government. The former had 14
"dormant and unclaimed" accounts totalling EC1,224.46 while the..
latter had 80 totaling EC136,309.36.

The Government Gazette of June 30th 1978 lists 191 accounts
totaling the sum of EC$40,606.95 which has been paid to Government.
As happened last year, only CIBC and Royal paid, the former
having 50 accounts totaling EC$3,512.73 and the latter 141
totaling EC$37,094.22. the sum paid by Royal is divided into
two amounts.e. The main branch in St.Georges had 78 accounts

Alister Hughes
page 8
totaling EC827,159.41, and the Grenville branch, 63 accounts

totaling EC09,934.81.
Reduced Interest Rates
The Banking (Special Deposits) Act has another provision which,

it is believed, is responsible for the reduced rates of interest
now paid on fixed deposits at the commercial banks.

This provision is that "every bank shall maintain a deposit

with the Accountant General of an amount equivalent to five

per centum of the amount of its total deposit liabilities."
"Deposit liabilities" are defined as "liabilities in respect
of all savings accounts and included fixed deposits and current

When the Act was passed, it is reported to have caused concern
in banking circles. Bank Managers expressed concern that

Government had not discussed implications of the Act with them

before action was taken. Two days. after the Act was passed,
-his concern and disappointment was reflected in a change of

interest rates on fixed deposits.

Up to that time, 3-month, 6-month and 12-month period deposits
had enjoyed rates of interest of 70%, i and 9% respectively.
On March 26th 1976, these rates fell to 66%, 71/ and 8/o. Three
days later, on March 29th, these rates were reduced further to

5%, 66 and 7% and, on the following day, March 31st, there were
further declines when the 6-month and 12-month period deposits
had their interest rates reduced to 5 jo and 6y. At that time,
the 3-month'period deposit rate remained unchanged at 5%.
On May 26th 1976, the banks made further reductions in these
interest rates. The 3-month period deposit rate fell to

31%, the 6-month to 4% and the 12-month to 34%. Observers
saw the unusual reduction of the 12-month period rate to a

figure lower than that on the 6-month period as an attempt
by the banks to discourage long term deposits.

Since 1976, there have been slight periodic fluctuations in
i;hese rates, finally resulting in a flat 2%if payable on all
fixed deposits ifrespective of the length of period up

Alister Hughes
THE GRENADA NEWSLEkTER Week Ending 15.7.78
Page 9
12 months. On June 1st 1978, this rate was increased to 3g.

The Sauteurs branch of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce

(CIBC) will not be closed at the end of this month as was
originally announced.

In a letter to its customers, CIBC advised that the branch would
be closed on July 31at but, following discussions between the

Government of drenada and Mr Geoffrey Foster, CIBC Caribbean Area
Manager, it has been announced that the Sauteurs branch will
remain open until 31st October.

interviewed last week, Mr Michael Smith, CIBC Grenada Manager,

declined th say why the branch is to be closed, and he was not
available today (13th) for comment.
(102 words)

A workshop in Human Relations and Communication Skills will be
held in Grenada from August 16th to 18th.

Sponsored jointly by the Caribbean Tourism Research Centre
(CTRC) based in Barbados and the Grenada Ministry of Tourism, the
project will be organised and conducted by Dr Rustum Bethna,
educationist and sociologist attached to CTRO.

NEWSLETTER has been advised that the workshop will be geared to
meet the needs of hotel workers, Customs and Immigration Officers,
taxi drivers and shop personnel.
(79 words)


Mr Michael Dibben, attached to the British High Commission in
Trinidad & Tobago and in charge of the Grenada Desk, is to leave
the region on promotion. Mr Dibben told NEWSLEITTER he is

moving to the poet of Vice-Consul in the Cameroons and will take
up that appointment shortly.

Before coming to Trinidad & Tobago, Mr Dibben served in the

Alister Hughes
Page i0.
British Diplomatic Service in Montreal, Nassau and Stuttgart,


NLWSLLTTER is advised that the post being vacated by Mr Dibben

will be filled by Mr Peter Gay who is now with the British High

Commission in 'rinidad & Tobago. Mr Gay has served with the

British Diplomatic Service in Nigeria,/Brazil and Toronto. He
officially takes over the xrenada Desk of the Trinidad & Tobago

British High Commission on September 1st.
(1429 words)


In its issue of July 5th, the Government owned Grenada newspaper,
"The West Indian", reports that His Excellency Mr Brian Blakelay
Hickey, Australian High Commissioner to Grenada, has presented
letters of introduction to the Acting Prime Minister, Mr Herbert

(40 words)


A joint communique issued on July 5th by the Governments of
Grenada and Yugoslavia announced that, with effect from that date,
the two countries have established diplomatic relations at

ambassadorial level.
(31 words)


The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) has given conditional

approval for funds for a study of an aerial transportation

system for bananas, this system will be designed for use

on small farms and is expected to benefit small scale banana

producers in the Windward Islands.

Approval of these funds was given at CDB's Board of Directors
meeting on June 29th.
(61. words)

Alister Hughes
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER week Ending 15.7.78
Page 11

The leaders in some Jaycee Chapters in the Eastern Caribbean are

not grappling with their responsibilities. This is the opinion

of Weatindies Jaycee President Harry Charlee, and he hopes that,

before the end of his term of office, this situation will be


Mr Charles visited Grenada last week-end as part of an official

tour, and in an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER on Sunday

(9th), he said he was particularly disappointed with what he

found in Barbados. "The Barbados Jaycees have a history of

successes", he said, "and it was rather disappointing to see both

the Bridgetown and East Barbados Jaycees falling away."

In Grenada, Mr Charles held a long workshop with the Jaycees of

Grenada and he told NEWSLETTER afterwards that, while he was

pleased to see that the leadership of the Chapter is committed to

its programme of activities, one of the problems here is that some

members feel that the Jaycees is "a sort of club in which promises

can be made but not commitments,"

In his current tour, the Westindies President visited St.Lucia

also. "The performance of that Chapter has been extremely

creditable", he said, "and this spedas well for the leadership."

Commenting on the regional role of the Jaycees, Mr Charle said

the organisation is non-political and that its operation is

"catalytic". "We had a 'CARICOM Awareness' programme", he

said, "in which we tried to let the peoples of the region have a

clear understanding of what CARICOM is all about as against the

announcements that ece made about CAiICOM."

The president said CARICOM symposia were conducted and these gave

the man-in-the-street an opportunity to understand more about

CA RICO. These symposia were not concerned only with the

economic aspects of CARICOM but the social and cultural aspects

were also dealt with. "CARICOM", he said, "is not just

economics but is involved in a number of other issues,"

"The Weatindies Jaycees have not given any serious consideration

Alister Hughes
Page 12
to a possible political grouping of the CARIOOM countries",

Mr Charika said, "but we have given thought to the theme,
'CARICOM, what next ?'." The President said that, in this

connection, when the westindies Jaycees Convention is held in

Guyana front October 3rd to 9th this year, a 'Catalytia Action

Workshop' will be organised to discuss the Westindian community.

That workshop, he thought, will produce,rscommendations which

will project certain activity among the people of the region.

Mr Cha lea, who is Systems & Sales Aepresentative for g Guyana

Company dealing in electronic data processing equipment, said

there was still the mistaken belief in some quarters that the
Jaycees are a junior branch of the Chamber of Commerce,

"Jaycees is a leadership training organisation involved in

individual development programmes", he said, "and we also

cover management programmes, organizational programmes and

community action programmes. We do conduct programmes also

in such subjects as money, banking, commerce and business

management, but this is all part of our activity to develop the

individual and in no way places the Jaycee Movement in the
commercial field."

The Westindies Jaycees President left Grenada on Monday (10th)
to attend a Junior Chamber International Area Conference which

opened in Curacao on July 12th.
(526 words)


The dispute between the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union (SWWU)
and the Grenada Shipping Agents (GSA) was aired before the

Minister for Labour this week.

SWWU and GSA have been negotiating a new Agreement to replace

one which expired on January 9th and, when 12 items remained
in dispute, the matter was taken before the Labour Commissioner,

B' Robert Robinson, on July 4th.

A further meeting with Mr Robinson on Wednesday (12th) failed

to achieve progress and GSA and SWWU had discussions yesterday (13th)

Alister Hughes
THE GRENADA NEBiSLETTjT week Ending 15.7. 8
Page 13
withiMr Roy St.John, Minister for Labour. A source close to

these discussions told N4aSLLTTER that the points in dispute have

been narrowed to the Pension Scheme, Wages and an Incentive Bonus,

GSA and SWWU are to meet again on Tuesday (18th)
(126 words)
n$*mttW ,


Well known American actress, Miss Jeanette Cliff, is to make a

personal appearance in Urenada next week end.

Miss Cliff, whose stage credits include "The Diary of Anne Frank"

and "Bell, Book & Candle", made her motion picture debut in "The

Hiding Place", the true story of a Dutch family who had a secret

room in which they hid Jews from the Gestapo during the German

occupation of Holland.

"The Hiding Place" is to have its premier Eastern Caribbean

showing on July 22nd, and Miss Cliff will be in Grenada for the

occasion. Credit for having both the film and its star in

Grenada goes to the Grenada Baptists, and Pastor Mgnget Herrin of

the Baptists told NEWSLETTER how this was arranged.

"Last Christmas, we had friends foom the States staying with us",

he said, "and they suggested that we ask Jeanette Cliff to come
to the Christian Arts Festival we are staging in urenada this

month." Pastor Herrin said one of his friends knew Miss Cliff

and extended the invitation which she accepted, and it was on her

suggestion that arrangements were made to have "The Hiding Place"

here at the same time.

This million dollar film production is based on a book of the

same name by Miss Corrie ten Boom, a member of the Dutch family

the film portrays. Miss Cliff plays the part of Corrie ten

Boon and Arthur O'Connel has the role of Casper ten Boom,

Corrie's father. Jther parts are played by Julie Harris and

Eileen Heckart whose role in "Butterflies Are Free" brought her

an Oscar in 1973.

"The Hiding Place" is a Billy Graham Evangelistic Film.
(275 words)

Alister Hughes


In a document published this week, Professor Dr Ivan Markovice,

Medical Director of the Grenada Health Clinic, explained the

working of 'cellular therapy' and set out some of the advantages

he claims patients will derive.

According to Dr Markovics, malfunction 6f human body cells is

responsible for aging, and he affirms that biochemical evidence

supports the theory that injections of fresh "embryonic cells"

are integrated into the body and stimulate malfunctioning cells

to reactivation.

The Grenada Health Clinic is to open its doors next month and

will offer one-week treatments using the "Niehans cell therapy".

Dr Markovics' document says this therapy takes the form of
"recharging your battery" and is achieved by injecting embryonic

cells into the body.

"Liver cells are used for liver treatment, kidney for kidney

treatment etcetera", he says, "and these stimulate your weary

and dilapidated cells into renewed action, which in turn

promises renewed vigor to the entire body."

Officials of the Grenada Medical Association (GMA) were not

available for comment on the treatment offered by the Grenada

Health Clinic, but NhWSLETTER understands from a reliable source

that GMA is concerned over the proposed practice of what it

regards as "unorthodox" medicine.
(198 words)


The last statistics reported in NEWSLETTER for banana shipments

were for the shipment by "Geestcrest" on June 27th, and some

figures are now available for the next two shipments.

The S S "Geesttide" sailed on July 4th with 23,815 boxes of

bananas weighing 755,488 Ibs. There were 355 boxes of

rejected fruit. The weight at the boxing plants was

798,362 lba and the Grenada Banana Cooperative Society (GBCS)

paid producers ECO 14 per pound on this weight. The price

Alister Hughes
Page 15
paid by Geest Industries to GBCS is net yet available,

On July 11th, the S S "Geeststar" sailed with 17,988 boxes
weighing 572,924 Ibs. There were 484 boxes of rejected fruit.
GBCS paid producers EC1 14 per pound, but neither the boxing
plant weight nor the price paid by Geest is available.
(134 words)


The last cruise liner figures given by NWISLJfTER were for the
week ending June 24th, and, in the week ending July set, three
boats called. These were the "Angelina Lauro" and "Cunard
Countess" on June 27th with 660 and 758 passengers respectively,
and the "Carla C" on June 28th with 724 passengers.

In the week ending July 8th, the "Angelina Lauro" and "Cunard
Countess" both arrived on July 4th with 721 and 732 passengers
(72 words)

Full Text