P o Box 65
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Volume 6 Number 11
For The week Ending July 8th 1978
6th Year Of publication - 175th Issue
BELMAR MURDER TRIAL
Since last Friday (2nd), the jury in the Belmar murder trial have
been kept out of the Court while a "Voir Dire" has. been in
progress. Legal circles told NEWSLSTTER this legal term
refers to "a trial within a trial" and, in this case, it concerns
the admissibliity'of statements alleged to have been made by one
of the accused.
On trial before Mr Justice Archibald Nedd are two persons,
Kennedy Budhlall and Lauriston Wilson. They are accused of the
murder of Innocent Belmar who, at the time of his death on
January 4th last, was an Acting Minister of Government. The
three statements in the "Voir Dire" are alleged to have been made
by Wilson after his arrest on January 5th, and these statements
were produced by the Prosecution during the Preliminary Hearing
in the Magistrate's Court.
The Defence, however, has objected to having these documents
before the High Court, and five grounds for objection are being
argued. These are :-
1. The statements were not free and voluntarily obtained.
2. They were obtained in circumstances amounting to
3. They were obtained in violation of the Judges' Rules.
4. To have the statements introduced would be manifestly
most prejudicial at this joint trial and would be
5. If grounds 1 to 4 do not succeed, the Court is asked to
exercise its over-riding discretion to reject the
Leading evidence to support these grounds, the Defence has called
Police Sergeant Winston James who took the statements, Inspector
THE GRENADA NEwSLETTER Week Ending 8.7.78
Godfrey Augustine, a cousin of the accused Wilson, who is alleged
to have been present when the statements were taken, and Police
Corporal Jason Franklin who witnessed the signing of the statements.
The Defence also called Lloyd John who was also arrested for this
crime but was released after the preliminary Hearing in the
The Defence has tried to establish that conditions under which
the statements were made exerted undue pressure on Wilson. The
lawyers have attempted to show that, as a relative of the accused,
Inspector Augustine offered inducements to Wilson to make the
statements. The Defence also tried to establish that, when
the statements were being made, two policemen, convicted in the
Courts of brutalising arrested persons, were present. They
have put forward also that members of the former "mongoose gang"
.he Duffua Commission of Inquiry into the breakdown of law and
order in Grenada (1973/74) found that the "mongoose gang" was
a band of criminals personally recruited and controlled by
Prime Minister Gairy. The murdered man, Innocent Belmar, then
a Police Officer, commanded the gang.
Lloyd John has already been examined by the Defence and is now
under cross-examination. He probably will be in the witness
box until sometime on Friday (7th), after which both Defence and
Prosecution will address the Court. If addresses are concluded
on Friday, it is expected that the Trial Judge will reserve
until Monday (10th) his judgement as to the admissibility of
Appearances in this case are Messrs Maurice Bishop, Lloyd Noel
and Ben Jones for Budhlall, and Mesers Kenrick Radix and
Wilberforce Nyack for Wilson. The Prosecution is being
conducted by Mr Nathanial King, a Trinidadian barrister, who
is appearing for the Attorney General, Mr Ernest John.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 8.7.78
uNIQUE HEALTH CLINIC OPENS NEXT MONTE
Grenada is to have a health clinic offering special treatments
not available anywhere else except Switzerland and Germany.
Located about four miles from St.George, in the heart of the
tourist development centre and occupying the former Grenada
Beach Hotel (now a wing of Holiday Inn), the Grenada Health
Clinic will be the only organisation in the Western Hemisphere to
offer the "Niehans Cell Therapy".
In an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER today (6th), Dr Ivan
Markovics, Head of the Clinic's staff, said Professor Paul Niehans
of Clarena, Switzerland, developed this "cell" therapy 40 years
ago. It has been used successfully for a wide range of
ailments, he said, and these include asthma, disorders of the
liver, rhznratdiai, deafness, low blood pressure, bladder infections
and kidney disorders.
Other illnesses and disorders for which the therapy is recommended
are impotence, frigidity, premature senility, forgetfulness,
menopausal and menstrual disorders, anaemia, heart complaints,
depression, obesity, loss of weight, muscular and joint disorders,
indigestion and lack of concentration.
"The basis of the treatment is injection into the muscles of
active cell elements taken from youthful tissue", Dr Markovlcs
said, "and the supplies to be used in Grenada come from a special
herd of sheep in New Zealand". He said these sheep are
carefully preserved from contamination by insecticides and other
pollutants. The animals feed on grass only and great care is
taken to ensure that they are in perfect health.
The cells used in the Niehans Cell Therapy are not drawn from the
adult sheep but from their unborn offspring. Female sheep are
slaughtered before they give birth and, under scrupulously
hygenic conditions, parts of the unborn sheep are reduced to
"cells" for treatment of different diseases.
"We have liver cells, brain cells, kidney cells, skin cells and
cells from almost every part of the body", Dr Markovics said, "and
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 8.7.78
when these young cells are injected into the human body, they
have a similar effect to that of recharging a run-down battery."
Treatment at the Grenada Health Clinic lasts one week. The
first day is devoted to orientation and instruction by the medical
staff and, on the second day, there is a doctor's examination.
On the third day, laboratory and electroophysiological teats
are made and there is a personal discussion with the Medical
The treatment is given on the fourth day. According to a
pamphlet put out by the Clinic, there is an "early morning
intramuscular injection-transplattation of embryonic Professor
Niehans cells". The treatment must be followed by four days
of strict bed-rest under medical supervision and, at the end of
the week, there is a final medical check.
including return air passage from the United States, accommodation
and meals, the one week treatment costs US$2000. However,
patients are encouraged to stay for another week for "cosmetic
treatment". Developed on the principle of Dr Niehans'
cellular therapy, five special beauty preparations have been
developed. These preparations, says the Clinic's brochure,
"open up exciting possibilities for preserving the skin's
youthful beauty and staving off ravages of pollution, stress
and aging." For the additional week, the charge is US$950.
It was originally reported that this establishment would be a
"Cancer Cure Clinic", but Dr Markovios described that as
"complete misinformation". "We are convinced that the
Niehans cell treatment helps to prevent cancer", he said,
because the cell material used is obtained from animals widely
considered to be cancer resistant, but we do not offer the
therapy as a cancer cure."
In addition to Dr Markovics, who is Hungarian, one other
doctor, an American, Dr Donald Rooke, is on the full-time
3taff. A news release from the Clinic says Dr Rooke is an
I pett rienced specialist from California who received his medical
THE GRENADA NEWBY~TTER Week Ending 8.7.76
degree from Glasgow University. The release asys also that
Dr Albert Szent-Gyorgyi of Boston, U S A, Nobel prize winner for
MLdical Rusearch, is the Clinic's Scientific Advisor.
The Clinic will handle 80 to 100 patients at a time, Dr Mprkovics
said, and some 25 to 30 nurses will be employed. He expected
that three more doctors will be in.the full time staff and these
will be drawn one each from Germany, Rumania and the United States.
Also associated with the Clinic is Mr Peter Capella, Grenada's
official tourism representative in Germany. Dr Markovics
told NEWSLETTER that Mr Capella is the Director of the Clinic and
he will be in Grenada for the formal opening next month.
HUBBARD' S SHARE OFFER UNDERSUBSCRIBED /
Sales of the share issue offered by Jonas Browne & Hubbard.Ltd
have fallen short of the target of EC#2 million. Mr Leonard
Hughes, Acting Managing Director of the Company, told NEWSULETER
yesterday (6th) that just over 50Q of the shares have been sold.
In a prospectus published in May, Hubbards offered 200,000 shares
at EC$10 each. The Company has an authorised share capital of
EC$6 million of which EC$2,941,280 had already been paid up. If
the offer had been fully subscribed, the paid up capital would
have increased to nearly EC$5 million.
"The sales which have been made amount to EC51,070,000",
Mr Hughes told NEWSLETTER, "and this is 53.5% of what we offered".
The Acting Managing Director declined to disclose names of
purchasers or to say what percentage of the shares had been
purchased in Grenada. He did say, however, that the large
majority of the shares had been bought by people in Grenada and
the remainder went to purchasers in other parts of the Caribbean.
Jonas Browne & Hubbard Ltd, one of the oldest firms in
the island, was bought out by Grenadians in 1972 from the
Company's British owners. With a diversified revenue ranging
from shipping agencies through supermarkets to insurance
brokerage, the Company had sales of over EGC14 million last
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EC0100. The minimum for all other elassifioations is F"~POO
The profit sharing clause which existed in the last Agreenent
between CIWU and Hubbards has been retained. 'In this, after
making allowance for 7j% on the Company's issued share capital,
25% of the net profit (before provision for income tax) shall be
reserved for the staff, This deduction will be divided on a
pro rata basis relative to total emoluments drawn.
Another feature of the old Agreement which has been retained is
the pension and Security Scheme. In this oase, however,
there has been an amendment. Under the old Agreement, the
Company and employees each contributed 5 of the employee's
salary to the Scheme. Under the new Agreement, the rate of
contribution has been increased to 71*.
The new Agreement is taken as coming into force on 14th
February t978 and its 33 clauses will remain in effect until
13th February 1981. However, a proviso gives the Union the
right to negotiate for salaries and profit sharing for the third
year of the Agreemaent.
GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT TUO v
The Government owned newspaper, "The West Indian", reports in
its issue of June 15th that, at a meeting of Prime Minister
Gairy with the recently formed Grenada Trades Union Congress,
Mr Gairy pledged Government's support for the organisation.
On April 25th, Mr Gairy's union, the Grenada Manual Maritime &
Intellectual Workers Union (GMMIWU) resigned from the Grenada
Trade Union Council, and May Day celebrations this year saw the
emergence of the Grenada Trades Union Congress. In addition
to GMMIWU, the Congress is comprised of three taxi unions.
These are the Hotel Taxi Association, the Airport Taxi
Association and the National Taxi Association.
The Trade Union Council, which is recognized by the Caribbean
Congress of Labour, is comprised of the Civil Service Association,
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 8.7.78
year. Profit after tax exceeded EC4s million and a 10y
dividend was paid.
The Acting General Manager, Mr Hughes, could not say whether a
new offering of shares is to be made. "The Board of Directors
will have to decide that", he said.
HUBBARD'S WORKERS TO GET COST OF LIVING ALLOWANCE
A committee of 4, 2 appointed by the Commercial & Industrial
Workers Union (CIWU) and 2 by Jonas Browne & Hubbard Ltd, will
monitor the cost of living in Grenada and make corresponding
adjustments to allowances to the Company's employees.
This arrangement is part of an industrial Agreement signed by
CIWU and Hubbards on June 29th. -'he base date from which
the cost of living will be monitored is February 14th 1978, and
a joint committee of the Union and the Company is now drawing
up a "food basket" of items to form the base commodities from
which the cost of living will be calculated,
According to the Agreement, employees with salaries up to EC300O
per month will receive a cost of living allowance of 4J? for every
56 increase in the cost of living. On salaries from ECI301 to
EC$550 per month, the allowance will be 3%, and, above EC$550,
21% will be paid. The cost of living index will be reviewed
every three months.
Employees are also to get salary increases with effect from
February 14th. The three scales, "up to EC$300 per month",
"EC$301 to EC$550" and "over EC$550", will have increases of
20%, 15p and 10* respectively. On 14th February 1979, there
will be further increases of 15%, 10io and 7-%.
There is provision, however, for minimum rates on established
job classifications, and minimum rates covering new classifications
created by the Company are to be negotiated. On the established
causifications, maids, messengers and wrappers will receive a
minimum m of EC$$40 per month, porters and package room assistants,
EC 160. cold room assistants, EC$180 and apprenticed mechanics
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTEr Week Ending 8.7.78
the Technical & Allied Workers Union, the Grenada Union of Teachers,
the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union, the Taxi Owners & Drivers
Association and the Commercial & Industrial Workers Union.
At his meeting on June 5th with the Trades Union Congress,
Mr Gairy undertook to provide accomodatiop for the organisation
in the building which used to be the Town Hall before Local
Government was abolished. The Prime Minister also undertook
to set up a committee to look into the request by the Congress
for a 40W increase in taxi fares.
The Congress put forward the view that workers in the hotel
industry, the commercial sector and in other fields should be
entitled to profit sharing. The Prime Minister is reported
as saying that profits are like the "child of a marriage between
the money and managerial skills of employers on one hand, and
the labour of employees on the other." He expressed the view
that, in the same way that a child belongs to both parents,
profits should be shared by both employers and employees.
Closing the meeting, the Prime Minister gave the assurance that
Government will give favourable consideration to the Congress'
request that it be represented on Government appointed Committees,
Boards and Commissions. Mr Gairy said also that, when.
delegations are being chosen to represent Grenada at 'rade Union
conferences and seminars abroad, consideration will be given to the
SWWU/GSA NEGOTIATIONS HIT PROBLEMS
Negotiations between the Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union
(SWWU) and the Grenada Shipping Agents (GSA) for a new
Industrial Agreement have run into trouble.
The old Agreement expires on Januay 9th and negotiations for
a new Agreement began on April 24th, but progress bogged down
over 12 items and the matter went before the Labour Commissioner,
Mr Robert Robinson, on Tuesday (4th)
..ir Eric Pierre, SVIWU Secretary, told NhWsLETTER today (7th) that
THE GRLNADA NEWBSLTTER Week Ending 8.7.78
matters still in dispute include wages, a health scheme, alBk
leave and an increased pension allowance. Mr Pierre said that
Tuesday's meeting did not bring agreement and SVWU and G3A will
meet with the Labour CoUissioner again on Wednesday (12th).
CLOSING DOWN OF CIBC BIRAB C IN BALAkCE /
Whether or not the Sauteurs branch of the Canadian Imperial Bank
of Commerce (CIBC) will close now depends on the outcome of
discussions held between the CIBC Caribbean Area Manager and the
Sauteurs is a small town on the northern tip of the island and the
CIBC branch was established there 10 years ago. Recently, the
Bank's Sauteurs customers received letters advising them that the
branch would close on July 31st, and this resulted in a public
outcry and demonstrations outside the CIBC branch premises.
Mr Mike Smith, CIBC Manager in Grenada, told NEWSLETTER yesterday
(6th) that Mr Geoffrey Poster, CIBC Caribbean Area Manager
stationed in Barbados, came to Grenada this week and held
discussions with Government. Mr Smith could not say what the
outcome of these discussions was or whether or not the decision
to close the branch will be carried out.
Mr Smith said the Sauteurs branch has a staff of 7. He declined
to say why CIBC wants to close the branch but it is generally
believed that declining business and difficulties of operation
created by legislation have influenced the Bank into cutting down
on the scope of its operations in the island.
BANANA BREEDING ORGANISATION IN MAKING /
The Windward Islands Banana Association (WINBAN) will be a member
of a proposed International Banana Breeding Organisation (IBBO)
which will be supported by the major banana exporting countries
of the world.
At a recent meeting in Jamaica, preliminary discussions were held
THE GRENADA NEBSLETTER Week Ending 8.7.78
on establishment of IBBO, and WI4BAN was representedi there by
Dr Eddie Edmunds, Director of WINBAN research & Development.
Other banana interests at the meeting were the Jamaica Banana
Board and representatives from Ecuador and the Union of Banada
Exporting Countries (UBEB) which is comprised of Costa Rica,
Colombia, Hfnduras, Guatemala, Santo Dom&ngo and Panama.
Discussions covered staffing needs, finance and testing centres,
and plans have been made for another meeting later this year.
It is hoped to finalise plans then for an international scheme
which will include, not only the participants at the original
meeting, but banana interests in trinidad & Tobago, the
Phillipines and other banana exporting countries.
ADDITION TO NCI
The NEWSLETTEPR Cost Index (NCI) published in the issue for the
week ending 24th June, had an important omission. This was the
cost of gasolene which is essential to reflect the cost of
transportation. The only gasolene now sold in Grenada is the
"super" grade and the base price on the NCI Shipping List is
EC02.74 per imperial gallon.
BANANA SHIPMENTS & CRUISE LINER CALLS
NhWSLETTER regrets that statistics covering banana shipments and
cruise liner calls have not come to hand in time for inclusion
in this issue. It is hoped to bring the figures up to date