P 0 Box 65
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER
Por the week emiing August 27th 1977
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MEETS
The House of Representatives met on Friday (26th) and passed the
International Financial Organisations Act 1977. This Act
replaced the First Schedule of the 'International Financial
Organizations Act 1975, and is a schedule of the "Articles of
Agreement of the International Monetary Fund".
NLWSLETTER understands that this lengthy document (31 Articles,
103 Sub-sections and 11 Schedules) is the standard form of
agreement to be entered into by all countries wishing to
participate in operations of the International Monetary Fund.
In the debate on this Act, Mr Bernard Goard of the New Jewel
Movement (NJM) and Member for the Town of St.George, and Mr Unison
Whiteman (NJM) and Member for St.Georges North-East, were the
principal speakers for the Opposition and, in an exclusive
interview with N.EWSLETTER today (27th), Mr Coard repeated some of
the "dangers" he and Mr Whiteman had pointed out to Government.
The Member for the Town of St.George said that the International
Monetary Fund (IMP) and the International Bank for Reconstruction
& Development (World Bank) are dominated by "a handful of rich
nations because voting in these institutions is based on financial
contributions made and not on "a democratic process". "In this
context", said Mr Coard, "it has only to be noted that, according
to the Constitution of the World Bank, the President of the Bank
must be an American nominated by the President of the United
The result of this, said Mr Coard, is that, when the World Bank
and IMP are called upon to assist Third World countries, they
insist on measures which are not in the beat interest of the
country being helped. Mr Coard said these measures almost
invariably include a devaluation of the country's currency and an
inflow of foreign capital to dominate the country's economy,
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER week Ending 27.8.77
and the Union has stated that it looks forward "to having this.
matter settled not later that 31 at August 1977."
In an exclusive interview with NEWSLETTER today (27th), Me Eric
Pierre, Secretary of SWWU said his Union has no intention of
backing down on its demand. "We have made a considerable
sacrifice in accepting this allowance in the spirit of compromise",
he said, "and we cannot be expected to go any further."
Mr Lloyd Benjamin, Chairman of GSA told NEWSLETTER today (27th)
that the SWWU letter had reached him only yesterday (26th) and
he thought it "rather short notice" to have a reply ready by
August 31st. Mr Benjamin said, however, that every effort is
being made to hold a meeting of GSA as soon as possible."
HOTELS COMPLAIN OF LOBSTER LACK
A delegation from the Grenada Hotel Association (GHA) led by its
President, Mr Royston Hopkin, called on the Permanent Secretary of the
Ministry of Agriculture, LaeBs & Fisheries, Mr John Samuel, on August
13th to discuss the current shortage of lobsters in the island.
According to a spokesman for GHA, it was pointed out to Mr Samuel
that, whereas Grenada hotels purchased some 60,000 lbs of lobsters
annually before the export of lobsters began on a large scale
about 1974, hoteliers were finding it almost impossible to
have lobster on the menu now. The spokesman cited as an
example that, between December 1975 and April 1976, one of the
larger hotels in Grenada purchased some 2000 Iba of lobsters
or an average of over 300 Ibs per month. By comparison,
during the period March to August 1976, the figure dropped
to 343 lbs or less than 60 lbs per month.
"The Hotel Ind.stry could use at least 75,000 lbs of lobster
annually", said the spokesman, "but the indiscriminate fishing
ovr taking place and the high volume of export has made this
eam very scarce in Grenada while the Hotel Industry in
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 27.8.77
Mr Stanley will present hiB coedentinla to r asident Ellis Clarke
of Trinidad & Tobago on September 8th, and is expected to visit
Grenada shortly after for a similar formality with Governor
General Sir Leo deGele.
BANANA Si IPMEmS
The S S "Geesttide" sailed on August 23rd with 22,004 boxes of
bananas weighing 664,022 Ibs. Geest Industries Ltd paid the
Grenada Banana Cooperative Society (GBCS) 30.1 EBC per pound
making a total of EC$200,141.52. The price paid to growers
by GBCS was 14 ECV per pound on the weight of bananas received
at the boxing plants, but this figure is not yet available.
There were 778 boxes or rejected fruit.
The weight shipped by S S "Geeatcreat" on August 46th was
555,426 Ibs and the amount weighed at the boxing plants was
577,081 lbs, making a difference of 21,655 Ibs between the
boxing plant weight and the shipped weight.
CRUISE~ LINER CALLS
During the week ending August 20th, there was one cruise liner
call at -renads. this was the "Cunard Countess" which
arrived on Tuesday 16th with 798 passengers.
THL GRENADA NEWBSLTTER oeek Ending 27.8.77
neighboring islands benefits."
The delegation to Mr Banuel suggested that, with immediate
effect, the export of lobsters should be banned- and that
Government should be extra vigilant to ensure that no fishing
is done in the closed season. It was also suggested that,
until the needs of the Grenada Hotel Industry are met,
no exports of lobsters should be allowed.
T & T LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION STATES POSITION.
Visiting Trinidad this week, NEWSLETTER called on the Leader of
the Opposition in the Trinidad & Tobago House of Representatives,
Mr Raffique Shah, on August 23rd, and was granted an exclusive
recently, there has been dissention in Mr Shah's political party,
the United Labour Front (ULP). This dissention centered around
Mr Basdeo Panday, until recently political leader of ULF and
Leader of the Opposition. ULF holds 10 of the 12 seats on the
opposition benches in the House of Representatives, and it is
reported that there is now a 6 to 4 split in these seats against
On Tuesday August 16th, the ULP Central Committee met and removed
Mr Panday as Political Leader. This move was followed by a
Central Committee meeting on 17th when Mr Shah was elected Leader
of the Party and, on 18th, the President of the Republic, Mr Ellil
Clarke, was asked to revoke Mr Panday's appointment and make
Mr Shah Leader of the Opposition. Mr Shah took up this post
Commenting on the background to these events, Mr Shah told
NEWSLETTER that there had been "intense problems" in the ULF
during the last six months, brought about, principally, because
Mr Panday had tried to be "opportunistic" by "veering from the
principles of ULF as originally conceived."
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 27.8.77
an official of GONA said the notice in "Torchlight" had not been
published with the authority of GCNA and GONA had not scheduled
the holding of any meetings as stated in the notice.
This is the most recent development in the matter of the Nutmeg
Board which was dissolved by the Governor General on July 4th 1975.
The members of that Board were successful in their Suit before the
High Court when, on July 28th, Mr Justice Archibald Nedd ruled
that the Governor General's Dissolution Order was null and void.
According to Section 36 of the Nutmeg Industry Ordinance, the
Chairman "... shall remain in office until the appointment of his
successor ...." The Chairman of the Association and therefore
the Chairman of the Nutmeg Board at the time of the "dissolution"
was Mr F J Archibald, and sources close to the dissolved Board
say that legal advice has been given that, as a result of the
High Court ruling, Mr Archibald is now entitled to call Area
Meetings and a General Meeting to elect a new Nutmeg Board.
On the other hand, because of an appeal made by Government, a
Stay of Execution was granted following the decision of Mr Justice
Archibald Nedd, and this appeal is to be heard sometime towards
the end of September. Government circles say that, because of
the Stay of eLacution, Mr Archibald has no authority to act as
Chairman of GCNA.
Mr Archibald was not available for comment.
UNION STANDS FIRM
'Te Seamen & Waterfront Workers Union (SWWU) has taken a firm
stand that, in the Union's current industrial dispute wAth the
Grenada Shipping Agents (GSA), the agreed 15> cost-of-living
allowance must be paid from January 1st 1977 and not July Ist
1977 as proposed by GSA.
This position was made clear in a letter to GCA dated Thursday(25th)
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTTFR Week. nf ng 97.8.7?
wished to take the ULP back into the saae image of the DLP, and
he had become very racist in his public statements. these e
statement have been pro-Indian and very anti-Black", said
Mr Shah, "and as Leader of the ULF, which is committed to
Black and Indian unity, this is completely out of place and
indicates that Panday was not serious about this unity and
found it convenient only for election purposes."
Mr Shah said also that Mr Panday refused to accept the authority
of the 25-man strong ULF Central Committee and had described it
as an "after-birth" which had to be got rid of. "It got to
the point", he said, "where we couldn't stand it any longer.
Pandai has not been expelled from the Party and he still remains
a member of the Centoal Committee. As far as we are
concerned, he is still a ULF parliamentarian, and he has merely
been removed from the Executive of the party."
The Leader of the Opposition said he and Mr Panday were still
friends and, since the change of leadership in ULF, they had
met. "He told me that he thought I was being used", said
.r Shah, "and I told him I couldn't agree with him and couldn't
support him in his efforts to create a new DLP."
iEWSLETTER made several efforts to contact Mr Panday with a view
to interviewing him, but without success.
NEW BRITISH HIGH COMIISSIOMER
Britain's new High Commissioner to Grenada is expected to
arrive in Trinidad on September 6th. He is. Mr H R H Stanley
and he replaces Mr C E Diggines who retired recently.
Mr Stanley, who will be resident in Trinidad & Tobago as High
Commissioner to that country, was born in 1920 and, until
recently, was assistant Undersecretary of State in the Foreign
and Commonwealth Office in London.
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER week Rnding 27,8.77
grass-roots terms, is that, whereas the wealth is now M-ncentrated
in the hands of a few multi-notional corporations and a few of the
local big capitalists, it is possible to restructure the society
that the wealth could be distributed among the working class
people." This would not necessarily mean "taking what those
have acquired and dishing it out jto those who have not", Mr Shah
said, "but rather to work towards lifting the standard of living
of all the people."
"Panday realized that, being this kind of Party, ULF had a struggle
which would take five or ten years before it could take power",
Mr Shah said, "and he realized it would be more opportunistic to
have a racist DLP type of party. What he tried to do,
therefore, was to introduce to the Party people who had no
commitment to working class struggles but who were patent
The Leader of the Opposition said this was shown clearly when, for
the Trinidad & Tobago local government elections, Mr Panday used
his influence to have selected candidates whose public position
was unquestionable in that they had no sympathy for the working
class. Mr Shah said most of these people were of Indian
ethnic origin which lent a racist atmosphere to the operation,
many had a history of DLP association and all were personally
committed to Mr Panday rather than to the ULP.
"What panday did", said Mr Shah, "was to try to subvert the Party
in this way, and he went around holding private meetings telling
the sugar workers that there was 'a group of communists' who
wanted to take over the ULF. And, he made the false accusation
that members of the Central Committee of ULF are members of the
National Movement for the True Independence of Trinidad & Robago
(NAMOTIT), a clandestine left-wing organisation which, from its
publications, appears to be Marxist-Leninist and may be pro-
The Leader of the Opposituon said it was clear that Mr Panday
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 27.8.77
"When ULF was formed", said Mr Shah, "we sew the Party
developing as a party of the working class. Our view was
that Parties like the People's National Movement (PNM) which was
based mainly on African support, or the Democratic Labour Party
(DLP), which was based mainly on East Indian support, have
caused the further division of the races in Trinidad & Tobago."
"In addition", continued Mr Shah, "neither PNM nor DLP was
committed to fundamental change. The PNM moved the country
from colonialism to neo-colonialism and now to imperialism, and
the thinking of DLP is along the same lines. These Parties
were interested only in setting up a new power structure and
we felt the ULF could not be like this."
The Leader of the Opposition said that the "fundamental
documents" of ULF had been publicised widely and they stated
that the party was for "the unity of the Indian and African
people." He said the Party is committed to nti-
imperialism and this he defined as "against any political or
economic domination of the country by foreigners."
"ULF is committed to bringing about the 'new democracy'", said
Mr Shah. "This has not been clearly defined but we believe
the 'new democracy' should be a system which will replace the
present one, not necessarily by a Moscow, China or Cuba type
of Socialist society, but a society which takes into account
our special circumstances of race and the fact that we are a
developed developing country."
hr Shah said the 'new democracy' would not necessarily be based
on Marxism though, in this connection, he declined to speak for
the Party. "You have within the party people who are
Marxist-Leninist and people who are not," he said, "I cannot
say I am versed in Marxist-Leninism, although I have found a
lot of the readings useful. I think there are Marxiat-
Leninist theories, particularly concerning the restructuring
to the economy, which could be useful, but what we -elt, in
THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER weak Ending 27.8.77
neither of which moves the Member of Purll.ameut thought would
benefit the Third World country.
"The vast majority of Third World countries are now getting
together to make a stand against this domination", said Mr Goard,
and we pointed out to Government that Third World countries are
moving to take control of their own resources." The Member
for the Town of St.George said he had pointed out to Government
that the ideology of the country had nothing to do with whether
or not it attempted to control "the commanding heights of its
economy." "Capitalistic Venezuela is doing it", said Mr Coard,
"it is established practice in Socialistic countries and even
Iran with its Feudalistic system has taken over its oil resources."
Mr Coard said that Guyana and Jamaica have already joined the bloc
-fS non-alligned nations and Barbados has announced her intention
to do so. He said that it had been pointed out to Government
that Grenada should accept loans wherever they were available but
that it was essential that these loans should benefit Grenada.
It was Mr Coard's opinion that brenaaa should join the bloc of
non-alligned nations in order that the State would have
international strength in negotiating loans.
MEE TiNG NOT CALLED BY GONA
A notice under the name of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg
Association (GCNA) appearing in the local "Torchlight" newspaper
of August 24th states that a General Meeting of the Association
will be held on Thursday 29th September. The notice, signed
by "F J Archibald, Chairman", also gives dates, times and places
for Area Meetings to be held "for discussing the following Agenda
and electing delegates to the General Meeting."
The Agenda given has two items, (1) Election of six members to
serve on the Ifutmeg Board for the Nutmeg Year ending 30th June
1.978, and (2) General Business.
I: reply to an inquiry made by NEWSLERTER on Fridny (26th), however,